The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for MARR-LAW-5

Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The law allows citizens to marry foreigners only with prior government approval" (9).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The law forbids marriage between Muslim women and non-Muslim men and requires male citizens serving in police or the military to obtain government approval to marry nonnationals. Nevertheless, the government offered only nonbinding advice on such matters and did not prevent any such marriages. According to an official, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs prohibited the country’s diplomats from marrying noncitizens without the diplomat being asked to resign" (8). "Sharia (Islamic law) courts have jurisdiction over personal status and family law cases for Sunni and Shia Muslims. Sharia, as implemented in the country, discriminates against women in judicial proceedings, freedom of movement, marriage, child custody, and inheritance" (25).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Laws affecting marriage and personal status generally corresponded to an individual’s religious group. For example, a female Muslim citizen cannot legally marry a non-Muslim man" (40).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The government recognizes sharia (Islamic law) as the law regulating family and civil concerns of the Muslim minority of Thrace. Muslims married by a government-appointed mufti are subject to sharia family law. Members of the Muslim minority also have the right to civil marriage and to take cases to civil court" (7). "The government recognizes sharia applied by muftis as the law regulating family and civic matters for the Muslim minority of Thrace, with local courts routinely ratifying the muftis’ decisions. Muslims married by a government-appointed mufti are subject to sharia family law. Members of the Muslim minority also have the right to a civil marriage and the right to...more
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"In May and August 2015, the State party adopted the Buddhist Women Special Law, the Population Control and Health-Care Law, the Religious Conversion Law and the Monogamy Law, which discriminate against women and have a negative impact on the enjoyment of their rights under the Convention" (page 4) (Coder comment: the Buddhist Women Special Law places restrictions on marriage between Buddhist women and non-Buddhist men - ARR). "The Buddhist Women Special Law imposes restrictions on Buddhist women who wish to marry outside their faith" (page 15).
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The Committee . . . is also concerned that discriminatory customary laws and practices persist with regard to marriage and family relations, including concerning inheritance by widows and daughters and property ownership" (page 15).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"...exemptions under article 45 of the Constitution and article 49 (3) of the Marriage Act of 2014, discriminates against Muslim women and women in customary marriages, including through the explicit exemption of the kadhi courts from constitutional equality provisions and the fact that women cannot serve as kadhis, as well as the legalization of polygamy" (2)
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4, MARR-LAW-5

"...homosexual acts remain criminalized" (3)
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, PW-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee notes with concern: (a) That the recent Constitutional Court judgment which, in effect, decriminalizes a religious marriage that was not preceded by a civil marriage, may provoke an increase in the number of polygamous and child marriages and may constitute a significant risk for women, given that unregistered religious marriages leave them with no economic protection guaranteed by civil law" (page 16).
May 15, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The Committee notes the complexity of the various — and sometimes contradictory — statutory, customary and Islamic marital regimes in the State party, with their varied implications for women’s legal capacity and in the regulation of marriage and divorce. It also takes note of the draft model customary law and Islamic law marriages/divorce registration law, which seeks to provide for the mandatory registration of all marriages within a state and is currently before the National Assembly. The Committee is concerned that: (a) Although the Child Rights Act of 2003 sets the legal age of marriage at 18 years for both women and men, it is applicable only in a limited...more
April 23, 2018, 5:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Negative perceptions of polygamy stem in part from the fact that many men enter another marriage without the blessing of their existing wife or wives, which creates friction and often leads to divorce. They do this by arranging a nikah siri, or 'secret marriage', with a ceremony held in front of a Muslim cleric, rather than a legally sanctioned religious court. A woman entering such a polygamous relationship is commonly labelled a home wrecker. Zaeni says that at DPI’s one-day seminars, participants are coached in how to gain permission from their existing wife or wives, ensure each wife is fairly treated, and navigate the conflicts that can occur in a...more
April 7, 2018, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"According to Afghanistan laws, registration of marriages and divorces in courts are voluntary" (Pg 13).
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Matters relating to marriage and family relations remain subject to bijuralism" (pg 29).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-5

"Only marriage concluded by state civil registration service creates rights and obligations between spouses. Art. 11 of the Family Code provides the following conditions for conclusion of marriage: the existence of the mutual, uncorrupted consent, expressed personally and unconditionally by the woman and the man who are getting married, provided that they have reached the age when marriage is allowed. Also, the persons who want to get married shall inform each other about their health condition" (Pg 44).
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The Committee welcomes the submission of the draft revised Personal and Family Code to the Council of Ministers and that this draft harmonizes the age of marriage at 18 years for both men and women. It is, however, concerned about the lack of information as to whether all discriminatory provisions have been recommended for repeal in the draft, including [...] Article 233, excluding marriage conducted under customary and religious rites from application of the Code," (13).
Jan. 30, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Skype marriages are not officially recognized in Tajikistan. The staunchly secular Tajik government also refuses to recognize Islamic religious marriages -- even when both bride and groom are physically present at the nikah ceremony -- unless the couple first marries at the Civil Registry Office' (Para 20-21).
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The high number of girls, some as young as 15 years of age, who are married every year as a result of the extensive use of derogations from the minimum age of marriage (which is set at 18 years) and the broad discretion left to sharia court judges and legal guardians in that respect" (Pg 16-17).
Jan. 20, 2018, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The Committee notes with interest the adoption of the first part of the Law of Family Rulings (Law No. 19 of 2009), which pertains to family issues within the Sunni community. It remains concerned, however, that the lack of a uniform family code and the fact that the law does not apply in Shiite courts leave Shiite women unprotected by a codified personal status law" (Pg 11).
Jan. 8, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"An administrative order dating back to 1973 forbade Muslim Tunisian women from marrying non-Muslims (though Tunisian men were not subject to this restriction)" (para 4). "in mid-September of this year, Essebsi revoked the 1973 administrative order and gave women the right to marry outside of the Muslim faith" (para 5).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, IAD-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination based on gender, and women enjoyed the same legal status and rights as men under family, labor, property, and inheritance law"(17)
Dec. 20, 2017, 7:54 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Not only are Sri Lanka Muslim women subject to personal laws that deny usequality in an integral aspect of our lives--marriage and family, but there are also no constitutional guarantees and safegaurds of our fundamental rights of equality and non-discrimination" (para 2). "The events and widespread discussions of the past few months around the Muslim Marriage and Divorce Act (MMDA) of 1951, has made it clear that the status quo with respect to MMDA is untenable. There are also serious consequences of these shortcomings in creating a culture of discrimination that has adversly impacted on the rights and wellbeing of women and girls within the Muslim community. The struggle of...more
Dec. 20, 2017, 2:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6, MARR-LAW-5

"Based on Iran’s civil code, the marriage of an Iranian woman to a foreign national is dependent upon special permission from the Foreign Ministry. In practice, this means that Iranian women need to get permission to marry non-Iranian Muslims. Iran's civil code forbids Muslim women from marrying non-Muslim men. An estimated 70,000 marriages between Iranian women and Afghan men are not registered with the National Organization for Civil Registration. Meanwhile, Iran’s Interior Ministry has declared all marriages between Iranian women and Afghan men that took place after 2001 invalid" (para 2). "In contrast, Iranian men may marry Muslim or non-Muslim women and Iranian or non-Iranian women without obtaining permission from...more
Dec. 20, 2017, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Afghan officials could not provide exact numbers on divorces initiated by women, as is the case with most statistics in the country. Most marriages are traditional and not registered in courts" (para 8).
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Religious marriage — which is not legal in Turkey, yet quite common particularly for underage and polygamy settings — is mentioned only once" (para 7).
Sept. 22, 2017, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Although it's illegal to get married under 18 in Jordan, the practice is increasingly common among Syrian refugees. In 2015, 35% of all Jordan marriages involved a minor, up from 18% in 2012, according to the Jordanian Higher Population Council, citing statistics from the Chief Islamic Justice Department. But religious judges in Jordan may authorize marriages involving children as young as 15, provided they believe the child’s best interests are taken into account"(para 7)
Sept. 22, 2017, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Marriage in the Muslim community is a contract and it is open for women to insist on specific clauses in the nikahnama to protect their interests and dignity, the All-India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB) informed the Supreme Court on Tuesday....'The woman can also negotiate in the nikahnama and include provisions therein consistent with Islamic law to contractually stipulate that her husband does not resort to triple talaq, she has right to pronounce triple talaq in all forms, and ask for very high 'mehr' amount in case of talaq and impose such other conditions as are available to her in order to protect her dignity,' the Muslim law board said"...more
Sept. 14, 2017, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"In Israel, where all marriages are subject to religious law, this norm has left thousands of women in legal limbo due to husbands who refuse to grant divorces. In recent decades, the rabbinical courts have gained the authority to impose various sanctions against recalcitrant husbands"(para 4-5)."Israel's state-sanctioned rabbinate oversees many aspects of daily life for the Jewish majority, including marriage and divorce. There are no civil marriages, meaning that couples must marry or divorce according to religious law — or travel abroad for a civil ceremony. Some women's rights advocates say the religious laws stem from a patriarchal tradition and put the woman at a disadvantage. Christians and Muslims marry...more
Aug. 10, 2017, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, DTCP-LAW-1

"There is no regulatory framework to deal with overall marriages and mainly the issue of child marriages amongst the non-Muslim minorities in Pakistan. All religious minority groups perform and register marriages according to their religious practices, and no consideration is given to the age of children. In 2011 and 2012, the previous federal government was pushing coalition partners for the enactment of the Hindu Marriage Bill 2011 which provided for the prohibition marriage of non-Muslim girls and boys below 18 years of age, it is dire need to formulate the policies of non-Muslims forced marriages registration act, to protect non-Muslims forced religion and forced marriages keeping in mind early/child marriages"...more
Jan. 26, 2017, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, AOM-DATA-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Under Malaysia's civil laws, the legal minimum age for marriage is 18 but Muslim girls who are under 16 can obtain permission to marry from Islamic courts" (para 7).
Jan. 10, 2017, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, ATDW-LAW-5

"The Registration of Customary Marriage and Divorce Act, the Domestic Violence Act and the Devolution of Estates Act, aiming at harmonizing national legislation with the Convention’s provisions, each in 2007" (2)