The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-LAW-5

June 11, 2019, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The law prohibits discriminatory practices against women married under civil law, but women married under customary law face legal and cultural discrimination" (Pg 15).
June 3, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Marriage in Nigeria takes place under three legal systems: Islamic (Maliki school of law), civil (statutory law), and customary (tribal/traditional law). In general, marriages in the north of the country are legislated under Islamic law, while those in the south fall under statutory law. However, even when couples marry under statutory law, customary laws generally prevail in personal matters. In most customary law systems in Nigeria, there is no minimum age for marriage" (Pg 29).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Some local interpretations of sharia prohibit a Muslim woman from marrying a non-Muslim man, others permit marrying a Christian or Jewish man. All interpretations allow a Muslim man to marry a Christian or Jewish woman" (38).
May 10, 2019, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, AOM-LAW-1

"In the Philippines, the legal age of marriage is 18 years, although marriage before this age is permitted among the indigenous peoples and among Muslims" (48).
April 30, 2019, 5:44 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Since September 2017, Tunisian women are free to marry non-Muslims. President Beji Caid Essebsi repealed a circular dated to 1973, inspired by the country's Muslim traditions that previously required non-Muslim men to convert to Islam in order to marry a Muslim woman. Only then the country's Mufti would allow the marriage to take place." (para 2). ""The whole problem was that we couldn't find in Hammamet a notary who was willing to marry us," Zeineb said recalling the first three notaries she approached who refused to validate the marriage." (para 5). "Two motivated their rejection saying that allowing such marriage was against their principles, the third said that the municipality...more
April 22, 2019, 7:33 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: MARR-LAW-2, MARR-LAW-5

"Local interpretation of sharia prohibits Muslim women from marrying nonMuslims and Muslim men from marrying women “not of the book,” generally meaning adherents of religions other than Islam, Christianity, and Judaism" (p. 11).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4, MARR-LAW-5

"The country lacks a civil marriage law. In order to be considered legal, civil marriages, marriages of some non-Orthodox Jews, marriages in non-Orthodox ceremonies, same-sex marriages, marriages of a Jew to a non-Jew, or marriages of a Muslim woman to a non-Muslim must take place outside the country to be considered legal, because religious courts refuse to conduct these marriages" (17).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"There were barriers to marriage between citizens and displaced Afghans. Authorities required Afghans to obtain documentation from their embassy or government offices in Afghanistan to register their marriage in the country, according to media reporting. The law states, 'Any foreigner who marries an Iranian woman without the permission of the Iranian government will be sentenced to two to five years in prison plus a cash penalty'" (27).
March 5, 2019, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The government does not recognize marriages between Muslims and non-Muslims and considers children born of such marriages illegitimate" (9).
March 1, 2019, 11:52 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"If any one of the requirements for the validity of a marriage is not present, or the conditions provided for in the guidelines and provisions for marriage under the sharia and the law are not fulfilled – such as that one of the parties to the marriage forced the other, or was forced to act against his or her will, or was subject to any means of material or psychological compulsion from either the spouse or the guardian – then the party that acted under duress or a victim of a forced marriage may request annulment of the marriage contract. Compulsion with respect to the marriage contract renders the consent...more
March 1, 2019, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"A high court judge has decided that a couple’s Islamic marriage falls within the scope of English matrimonial law, in a ruling that could have implications for thousands of Muslims in the UK" (para 1). "Nasreen Akhter wanted to divorce Mohammed Shabaz Khan, her husband of 20 years, but he blocked it, arguing that the couple were not married under English law. Akhter and Khan underwent a religious marriage ceremony, known as a nikah, conducted by an imam in 1998. This year Akhter, a solicitor, petitioned for divorce, saying the nikah constituted a valid marriage. Khan, a businessman, wanted to prevent Akhtar from bringing a case for a divorce settlement...more
Feb. 6, 2019, 6:38 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Islamic law allowed polygamy, plural marriages are banned in Canada" (para. 15). "The Canadian Council of Imams, which represents the majority of imams in Canada, has declared that polygamous marriages, permitted according to the Qur'an, are nevertheless not valid because they are a violation of Canadian law" (para. 18).
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The requirement for Sunni Muslim women to have a male guardian ('wali') to enter a marriage contract, and of Shia Muslim women to have a Muslim man witness their marriage" (pg. 13).
Jan. 25, 2019, 9:57 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Women suffer from discrimination in divorce matters because they are under the influence of discriminatory religious laws. Given that, under Jewish law, only men can grant consent for a divorce (get), women are susceptible to extortion by their husbands and concede to certain marital terms in return for a get, while Muslim women fear losing custody of their children should they embark on a new relationship" (pg. 17).
Jan. 14, 2019, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-5

"During the conflict, the children were born as the offspring of consensual yet invalid marriages—contracted solely through a reading of the Fatiha, the first chapter of the Qur’an—or in circumstances of a forced union or rape" (Para 3).
Jan. 8, 2019, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"'Lack of fairness is a common feature of most of the customary law regime. Under most native laws and conducts, there is discrimination against the female,' Justice Onyeabo posited. Corroborating the judge’s view was a lecturer of Private and Property Law at the Faculty of Law, University of Lagos, Dr. Babatunde Oni, who spoke on the same platform and observed that the discrimination against women who marry under the customary law is real" (Para 19-20).
Jan. 3, 2019, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"[Tunisia's president Essebsi], has ended a decades-long ban on Tunisian Muslim women marrying non-Muslim men" (para 3).
Jan. 2, 2019, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Customary law based on sharia prohibits Muslim women from marrying outside their religion" (page 17-18).
Dec. 21, 2018, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"On September 14, the government cancelled the 1973 decree law that prevented the marriage of Muslim female citizens with non-Muslim men unless the men presented proof of conversion to Islam" (page 23).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The so-called “Laws on the Protection of Race and Religion,” passed in February 2015, impose strict limitations on women’s rights, including the right to choose a spouse and the number and spacing of children" (page 4).
Nov. 3, 2018, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6, MARR-LAW-5

"Separate religious court systems adjudicate matters such as marriage and divorce for the Jewish, Muslim, Christian, and Druze communities. Each year an estimated 20,000 civil marriages, marriages of some non-Orthodox Jews, marriages in non-Orthodox ceremonies, marriages of a Jew to a non-Jew, or marriages of a Muslim woman to a non-Muslim must take place outside the country to be considered legal, because religious courts refuse to accept these marriages, and the country lacks a civil marriage law" (para 58)
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The legal minimum age for marriage is 18, but it may be reduced to 16 in the case of pregnancy or mutual agreement. NGOs noted several cases of marriage under 18, especially in the south. According to the NGO League of Women of Creative Initiative, 2,000-3,000 early and forced marriages occur annually. According to the NGO, there were approximately 2,200 such marriages in 2014. The majority of these were due to cultural traditions. Many couples first married in mosques and then registered officially when the bride reached the legal age. The government did not take any action to address the issue. As reported in September, the Spiritual Administration of Muslims...more
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The laws in Eritrea permit three ways of concluding marriage: civil, religious or customary. Article 518 enumerates the various kinds of marriage permitted according to the NCCE. It reads: 'Art. 518. - Various Kinds of Marriages. (1) Marriages may be contracted before a civil status officer. (2) Marriages may also be contracted according to the religion of the parties or to local custom... Outside the above noted three modes of concluding marriage, any form of union between a man and a woman is not legally recognized in Eritrea'" (8). "Religious institutions are not required by law to inform public authorities on marriages they celebrate and this creates a gap on...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The law allows citizens to marry foreigners only with prior government approval" (9).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The law forbids marriage between Muslim women and non-Muslim men and requires male citizens serving in police or the military to obtain government approval to marry nonnationals. Nevertheless, the government offered only nonbinding advice on such matters and did not prevent any such marriages. According to an official, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs prohibited the country’s diplomats from marrying noncitizens without the diplomat being asked to resign" (8). "Sharia (Islamic law) courts have jurisdiction over personal status and family law cases for Sunni and Shia Muslims. Sharia, as implemented in the country, discriminates against women in judicial proceedings, freedom of movement, marriage, child custody, and inheritance" (25).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Laws affecting marriage and personal status generally corresponded to an individual’s religious group. For example, a female Muslim citizen cannot legally marry a non-Muslim man" (40).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The government recognizes sharia (Islamic law) as the law regulating family and civil concerns of the Muslim minority of Thrace. Muslims married by a government-appointed mufti are subject to sharia family law. Members of the Muslim minority also have the right to civil marriage and to take cases to civil court" (7). "The government recognizes sharia applied by muftis as the law regulating family and civic matters for the Muslim minority of Thrace, with local courts routinely ratifying the muftis’ decisions. Muslims married by a government-appointed mufti are subject to sharia family law. Members of the Muslim minority also have the right to a civil marriage and the right to...more
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"In May and August 2015, the State party adopted the Buddhist Women Special Law, the Population Control and Health-Care Law, the Religious Conversion Law and the Monogamy Law, which discriminate against women and have a negative impact on the enjoyment of their rights under the Convention" (page 4) (Coder comment: the Buddhist Women Special Law places restrictions on marriage between Buddhist women and non-Buddhist men - ARR). "The Buddhist Women Special Law imposes restrictions on Buddhist women who wish to marry outside their faith" (page 15).
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The Committee . . . is also concerned that discriminatory customary laws and practices persist with regard to marriage and family relations, including concerning inheritance by widows and daughters and property ownership" (page 15).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"...exemptions under article 45 of the Constitution and article 49 (3) of the Marriage Act of 2014, discriminates against Muslim women and women in customary marriages, including through the explicit exemption of the kadhi courts from constitutional equality provisions and the fact that women cannot serve as kadhis, as well as the legalization of polygamy" (2)