The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-LAW-5

Feb. 6, 2019, 6:38 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Islamic law allowed polygamy, plural marriages are banned in Canada" (para. 15). "The Canadian Council of Imams, which represents the majority of imams in Canada, has declared that polygamous marriages, permitted according to the Qur'an, are nevertheless not valid because they are a violation of Canadian law" (para. 18).
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The requirement for Sunni Muslim women to have a male guardian ('wali') to enter a marriage contract, and of Shia Muslim women to have a Muslim man witness their marriage" (pg. 13).
Jan. 25, 2019, 9:57 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Women suffer from discrimination in divorce matters because they are under the influence of discriminatory religious laws. Given that, under Jewish law, only men can grant consent for a divorce (get), women are susceptible to extortion by their husbands and concede to certain marital terms in return for a get, while Muslim women fear losing custody of their children should they embark on a new relationship" (pg. 17).
Jan. 14, 2019, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-5

"During the conflict, the children were born as the offspring of consensual yet invalid marriages—contracted solely through a reading of the Fatiha, the first chapter of the Qur’an—or in circumstances of a forced union or rape" (Para 3).
Jan. 8, 2019, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"'Lack of fairness is a common feature of most of the customary law regime. Under most native laws and conducts, there is discrimination against the female,' Justice Onyeabo posited. Corroborating the judge’s view was a lecturer of Private and Property Law at the Faculty of Law, University of Lagos, Dr. Babatunde Oni, who spoke on the same platform and observed that the discrimination against women who marry under the customary law is real" (Para 19-20).
Jan. 3, 2019, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"[Tunisia's president Essebsi], has ended a decades-long ban on Tunisian Muslim women marrying non-Muslim men" (para 3).
Jan. 2, 2019, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Customary law based on sharia prohibits Muslim women from marrying outside their religion" (page 17-18).
Dec. 21, 2018, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"On September 14, the government cancelled the 1973 decree law that prevented the marriage of Muslim female citizens with non-Muslim men unless the men presented proof of conversion to Islam" (page 23).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The so-called “Laws on the Protection of Race and Religion,” passed in February 2015, impose strict limitations on women’s rights, including the right to choose a spouse and the number and spacing of children" (page 4).
Nov. 3, 2018, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6, MARR-LAW-5

"Separate religious court systems adjudicate matters such as marriage and divorce for the Jewish, Muslim, Christian, and Druze communities. Each year an estimated 20,000 civil marriages, marriages of some non-Orthodox Jews, marriages in non-Orthodox ceremonies, marriages of a Jew to a non-Jew, or marriages of a Muslim woman to a non-Muslim must take place outside the country to be considered legal, because religious courts refuse to accept these marriages, and the country lacks a civil marriage law" (para 58)
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The legal minimum age for marriage is 18, but it may be reduced to 16 in the case of pregnancy or mutual agreement. NGOs noted several cases of marriage under 18, especially in the south. According to the NGO League of Women of Creative Initiative, 2,000-3,000 early and forced marriages occur annually. According to the NGO, there were approximately 2,200 such marriages in 2014. The majority of these were due to cultural traditions. Many couples first married in mosques and then registered officially when the bride reached the legal age. The government did not take any action to address the issue. As reported in September, the Spiritual Administration of Muslims...more
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The laws in Eritrea permit three ways of concluding marriage: civil, religious or customary. Article 518 enumerates the various kinds of marriage permitted according to the NCCE. It reads: 'Art. 518. - Various Kinds of Marriages. (1) Marriages may be contracted before a civil status officer. (2) Marriages may also be contracted according to the religion of the parties or to local custom... Outside the above noted three modes of concluding marriage, any form of union between a man and a woman is not legally recognized in Eritrea'" (8). "Religious institutions are not required by law to inform public authorities on marriages they celebrate and this creates a gap on...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The law allows citizens to marry foreigners only with prior government approval" (9).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The law forbids marriage between Muslim women and non-Muslim men and requires male citizens serving in police or the military to obtain government approval to marry nonnationals. Nevertheless, the government offered only nonbinding advice on such matters and did not prevent any such marriages. According to an official, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs prohibited the country’s diplomats from marrying noncitizens without the diplomat being asked to resign" (8). "Sharia (Islamic law) courts have jurisdiction over personal status and family law cases for Sunni and Shia Muslims. Sharia, as implemented in the country, discriminates against women in judicial proceedings, freedom of movement, marriage, child custody, and inheritance" (25).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Laws affecting marriage and personal status generally corresponded to an individual’s religious group. For example, a female Muslim citizen cannot legally marry a non-Muslim man" (40).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The government recognizes sharia (Islamic law) as the law regulating family and civil concerns of the Muslim minority of Thrace. Muslims married by a government-appointed mufti are subject to sharia family law. Members of the Muslim minority also have the right to civil marriage and to take cases to civil court" (7). "The government recognizes sharia applied by muftis as the law regulating family and civic matters for the Muslim minority of Thrace, with local courts routinely ratifying the muftis’ decisions. Muslims married by a government-appointed mufti are subject to sharia family law. Members of the Muslim minority also have the right to a civil marriage and the right to...more
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"In May and August 2015, the State party adopted the Buddhist Women Special Law, the Population Control and Health-Care Law, the Religious Conversion Law and the Monogamy Law, which discriminate against women and have a negative impact on the enjoyment of their rights under the Convention" (page 4) (Coder comment: the Buddhist Women Special Law places restrictions on marriage between Buddhist women and non-Buddhist men - ARR). "The Buddhist Women Special Law imposes restrictions on Buddhist women who wish to marry outside their faith" (page 15).
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The Committee . . . is also concerned that discriminatory customary laws and practices persist with regard to marriage and family relations, including concerning inheritance by widows and daughters and property ownership" (page 15).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"...exemptions under article 45 of the Constitution and article 49 (3) of the Marriage Act of 2014, discriminates against Muslim women and women in customary marriages, including through the explicit exemption of the kadhi courts from constitutional equality provisions and the fact that women cannot serve as kadhis, as well as the legalization of polygamy" (2)
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4, MARR-LAW-5

"...homosexual acts remain criminalized" (3)
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, PW-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee notes with concern: (a) That the recent Constitutional Court judgment which, in effect, decriminalizes a religious marriage that was not preceded by a civil marriage, may provoke an increase in the number of polygamous and child marriages and may constitute a significant risk for women, given that unregistered religious marriages leave them with no economic protection guaranteed by civil law" (page 16).
May 15, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The Committee notes the complexity of the various — and sometimes contradictory — statutory, customary and Islamic marital regimes in the State party, with their varied implications for women’s legal capacity and in the regulation of marriage and divorce. It also takes note of the draft model customary law and Islamic law marriages/divorce registration law, which seeks to provide for the mandatory registration of all marriages within a state and is currently before the National Assembly. The Committee is concerned that: (a) Although the Child Rights Act of 2003 sets the legal age of marriage at 18 years for both women and men, it is applicable only in a limited...more
April 23, 2018, 5:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Negative perceptions of polygamy stem in part from the fact that many men enter another marriage without the blessing of their existing wife or wives, which creates friction and often leads to divorce. They do this by arranging a nikah siri, or 'secret marriage', with a ceremony held in front of a Muslim cleric, rather than a legally sanctioned religious court. A woman entering such a polygamous relationship is commonly labelled a home wrecker. Zaeni says that at DPI’s one-day seminars, participants are coached in how to gain permission from their existing wife or wives, ensure each wife is fairly treated, and navigate the conflicts that can occur in a...more
April 7, 2018, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"According to Afghanistan laws, registration of marriages and divorces in courts are voluntary" (Pg 13).
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Matters relating to marriage and family relations remain subject to bijuralism" (pg 29).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-5

"Only marriage concluded by state civil registration service creates rights and obligations between spouses. Art. 11 of the Family Code provides the following conditions for conclusion of marriage: the existence of the mutual, uncorrupted consent, expressed personally and unconditionally by the woman and the man who are getting married, provided that they have reached the age when marriage is allowed. Also, the persons who want to get married shall inform each other about their health condition" (Pg 44).
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The Committee welcomes the submission of the draft revised Personal and Family Code to the Council of Ministers and that this draft harmonizes the age of marriage at 18 years for both men and women. It is, however, concerned about the lack of information as to whether all discriminatory provisions have been recommended for repeal in the draft, including [...] Article 233, excluding marriage conducted under customary and religious rites from application of the Code," (13).
Jan. 30, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Skype marriages are not officially recognized in Tajikistan. The staunchly secular Tajik government also refuses to recognize Islamic religious marriages -- even when both bride and groom are physically present at the nikah ceremony -- unless the couple first marries at the Civil Registry Office' (Para 20-21).
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The high number of girls, some as young as 15 years of age, who are married every year as a result of the extensive use of derogations from the minimum age of marriage (which is set at 18 years) and the broad discretion left to sharia court judges and legal guardians in that respect" (Pg 16-17).
Jan. 20, 2018, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The Committee notes with interest the adoption of the first part of the Law of Family Rulings (Law No. 19 of 2009), which pertains to family issues within the Sunni community. It remains concerned, however, that the lack of a uniform family code and the fact that the law does not apply in Shiite courts leave Shiite women unprotected by a codified personal status law" (Pg 11).