The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-LAW-5

April 7, 2018, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"According to Afghanistan laws, registration of marriages and divorces in courts are voluntary" (Pg 13).
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Matters relating to marriage and family relations remain subject to bijuralism" (pg 29).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-5

"Only marriage concluded by state civil registration service creates rights and obligations between spouses. Art. 11 of the Family Code provides the following conditions for conclusion of marriage: the existence of the mutual, uncorrupted consent, expressed personally and unconditionally by the woman and the man who are getting married, provided that they have reached the age when marriage is allowed. Also, the persons who want to get married shall inform each other about their health condition" (Pg 44).
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The Committee welcomes the submission of the draft revised Personal and Family Code to the Council of Ministers and that this draft harmonizes the age of marriage at 18 years for both men and women. It is, however, concerned about the lack of information as to whether all discriminatory provisions have been recommended for repeal in the draft, including [...] Article 233, excluding marriage conducted under customary and religious rites from application of the Code," (13).
Jan. 30, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Skype marriages are not officially recognized in Tajikistan. The staunchly secular Tajik government also refuses to recognize Islamic religious marriages -- even when both bride and groom are physically present at the nikah ceremony -- unless the couple first marries at the Civil Registry Office' (Para 20-21).
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The high number of girls, some as young as 15 years of age, who are married every year as a result of the extensive use of derogations from the minimum age of marriage (which is set at 18 years) and the broad discretion left to sharia court judges and legal guardians in that respect" (Pg 16-17).
Jan. 20, 2018, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The Committee notes with interest the adoption of the first part of the Law of Family Rulings (Law No. 19 of 2009), which pertains to family issues within the Sunni community. It remains concerned, however, that the lack of a uniform family code and the fact that the law does not apply in Shiite courts leave Shiite women unprotected by a codified personal status law" (Pg 11).
Jan. 8, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"An administrative order dating back to 1973 forbade Muslim Tunisian women from marrying non-Muslims (though Tunisian men were not subject to this restriction)" (para 4). "in mid-September of this year, Essebsi revoked the 1973 administrative order and gave women the right to marry outside of the Muslim faith" (para 5).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, IAD-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination based on gender, and women enjoyed the same legal status and rights as men under family, labor, property, and inheritance law"(17)
Dec. 20, 2017, 7:54 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Not only are Sri Lanka Muslim women subject to personal laws that deny usequality in an integral aspect of our lives--marriage and family, but there are also no constitutional guarantees and safegaurds of our fundamental rights of equality and non-discrimination" (para 2). "The events and widespread discussions of the past few months around the Muslim Marriage and Divorce Act (MMDA) of 1951, has made it clear that the status quo with respect to MMDA is untenable. There are also serious consequences of these shortcomings in creating a culture of discrimination that has adversly impacted on the rights and wellbeing of women and girls within the Muslim community. The struggle of ...more
Dec. 20, 2017, 2:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6, MARR-LAW-5

"Based on Iran’s civil code, the marriage of an Iranian woman to a foreign national is dependent upon special permission from the Foreign Ministry. In practice, this means that Iranian women need to get permission to marry non-Iranian Muslims. Iran's civil code forbids Muslim women from marrying non-Muslim men. An estimated 70,000 marriages between Iranian women and Afghan men are not registered with the National Organization for Civil Registration. Meanwhile, Iran’s Interior Ministry has declared all marriages between Iranian women and Afghan men that took place after 2001 invalid" (para 2). "In contrast, Iranian men may marry Muslim or non-Muslim women and Iranian or non-Iranian women without obtaining permission from ...more
Dec. 20, 2017, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Afghan officials could not provide exact numbers on divorces initiated by women, as is the case with most statistics in the country. Most marriages are traditional and not registered in courts" (para 8).
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Religious marriage — which is not legal in Turkey, yet quite common particularly for underage and polygamy settings — is mentioned only once" (para 7).
Sept. 22, 2017, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Although it's illegal to get married under 18 in Jordan, the practice is increasingly common among Syrian refugees. In 2015, 35% of all Jordan marriages involved a minor, up from 18% in 2012, according to the Jordanian Higher Population Council, citing statistics from the Chief Islamic Justice Department. But religious judges in Jordan may authorize marriages involving children as young as 15, provided they believe the child’s best interests are taken into account"(para 7)
Sept. 22, 2017, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Marriage in the Muslim community is a contract and it is open for women to insist on specific clauses in the nikahnama to protect their interests and dignity, the All-India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB) informed the Supreme Court on Tuesday....'The woman can also negotiate in the nikahnama and include provisions therein consistent with Islamic law to contractually stipulate that her husband does not resort to triple talaq, she has right to pronounce triple talaq in all forms, and ask for very high 'mehr' amount in case of talaq and impose such other conditions as are available to her in order to protect her dignity,' the Muslim law board said" ...more
Sept. 14, 2017, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"In Israel, where all marriages are subject to religious law, this norm has left thousands of women in legal limbo due to husbands who refuse to grant divorces. In recent decades, the rabbinical courts have gained the authority to impose various sanctions against recalcitrant husbands"(para 4-5)."Israel's state-sanctioned rabbinate oversees many aspects of daily life for the Jewish majority, including marriage and divorce. There are no civil marriages, meaning that couples must marry or divorce according to religious law — or travel abroad for a civil ceremony. Some women's rights advocates say the religious laws stem from a patriarchal tradition and put the woman at a disadvantage. Christians and Muslims marry ...more
Aug. 10, 2017, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, DTCP-LAW-1

"There is no regulatory framework to deal with overall marriages and mainly the issue of child marriages amongst the non-Muslim minorities in Pakistan. All religious minority groups perform and register marriages according to their religious practices, and no consideration is given to the age of children. In 2011 and 2012, the previous federal government was pushing coalition partners for the enactment of the Hindu Marriage Bill 2011 which provided for the prohibition marriage of non-Muslim girls and boys below 18 years of age, it is dire need to formulate the policies of non-Muslims forced marriages registration act, to protect non-Muslims forced religion and forced marriages keeping in mind early/child marriages" ...more
Jan. 26, 2017, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, AOM-DATA-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Under Malaysia's civil laws, the legal minimum age for marriage is 18 but Muslim girls who are under 16 can obtain permission to marry from Islamic courts" (para 7).
Jan. 10, 2017, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, ATDW-LAW-5

"The Registration of Customary Marriage and Divorce Act, the Domestic Violence Act and the Devolution of Estates Act, aiming at harmonizing national legislation with the Convention’s provisions, each in 2007" (2)
Jan. 10, 2017, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"It is also concerned that other statutory and customary norms that discriminate against women remain in force, in particular those contained in...Customary law pertaining to marriage consent and women’s right to inheritance" (3)
Jan. 10, 2017, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, ATDW-LAW-5, DV-LAW-1, CONST-LAW-1

"The Committee is particularly concerned that the highly debated section 27 (d) (4) of the Constitution, which provides that the prohibition of discrimination does not apply to adoption, marriage, divorce, burial, devolution of property on death and to other matters of personal law, not only discriminates against women, but also prevails over the Registration of Customary Marriage and Divorce Act, the Domestic Violence Act and the Devolution of Estates Act, thus defeating the efforts of the State party to comply with the Convention" (3)
Jan. 4, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

“Civil, criminal, and commercial courts accord equal weight to the testimony of men and women. On the other hand, in sharia courts, which have jurisdiction over Muslim marriage, divorce, and inheritance cases, the testimony of a woman has half the weight of a man’s” (10). “The law does not provide for the same legal status and rights for women as for men. Women experienced discrimination in a number of areas, including inheritance, divorce, child custody, citizenship, pension and social security benefits, the workplace, and, in certain circumstances, the value of their testimony in a sharia court” (32). “Women may seek divorce without the consent of their husbands in limited circumstances ...more
Jan. 3, 2017, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Although the law does not restrict the right of adult women and men to marry, a 1998 Supreme Court directive prohibits legal officials from accepting petitions for marriages and from officiating over marriages between Burmese women and foreign men" (14). "On August 26, the government enacted the Buddhist Women Special Marriage law. The law stipulates notification and registration requirements for marriages between non-Buddhist men and Buddhist women and introduces new obligations to be observed by nonBuddhist husbands and penalties for noncompliance" (14). "In northern Rakhine State, local authorities required members of the Rohingya minority to obtain a permit to marry officially, a step not required of other ethnicities" (15).more
Nov. 17, 2016, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The rights of spouses to own, make use of, or dispose of property that is the joint property of members of large and small (dekhkan) farms are defined by the laws on large and dekhkan farms. The division of property on large and dekhkan farms is performed according to rules stipulated in articles 223 and 225 of the Civil Code" (43). "Article 13 of the Family Code has established that marriages are to be performed in civil registry offices. A marriage entered into in a religious ceremony has no legal significance" (43)
Nov. 15, 2016, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Turkey’s Constitutional Court announced May 29 that civil marriage is no longer a legal requirement for religiously married citizens, a decision that will have serious social implications. Many critics, especially women, fret that the ruling will pave the way for more violations of women's and children’s rights. The court based its decision on a case from 2014, when a criminal court in the Turkish province of Erzurum appealed a case to the Constitutional Court involving a religiously married couple without a civil marriage and the imam who carried out the ceremony. Prior to this latest decision, Paragraph 5 of Article 230 of the Turkish Criminal Code dictated a sentence of ...more
Sept. 13, 2016, 5:02 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

“Sayyd still insists on using her husband's surname, until she can end the marriage officially in an Indian court. But like many other women from India's large Sunni Muslim minority, her fate and status are governed by Muslim Personal Law that follows the tenets of the Islamic faith, as interpreted by local imams and religious schools across India” (para 4). “The so-called triple talaq, or instant divorce, has been banned in more than 20 Muslim countries, including neighboring Pakistan and Bangladesh. But in India, the practice is allowed thanks to the country's rules protecting Muslim, Christian and Hindu communities following religious law” (para 5). “Most of the 170 million Muslims ...more
Aug. 23, 2016, 5:14 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"In 1926, the new Civil Code (from Switzerland) gave women a status of 'person' and therefore, equal rights to men in some aspects (including marriage, divorce, inheritance etc.) was adopted (in Turkey).It was under these new changes that religious and polygamous marriages were banned"(para 4)
Aug. 23, 2016, 5:13 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"In 1926, the new Civil Code (from Switzerland) gave women a status of 'person' and therefore, equal rights to men in some aspects (including marriage, divorce, inheritance etc.) was adopted.It was under these new changes that religious and polygamous marriages were banned"(para 4)
Aug. 16, 2016, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The Zanzibar’s Kadhis’ Court Act, 1985 give power to the court to have and exercise jurisdiction in the determination questions of Muslim law relating to personal status, marriage, divorce or inheritance in proceedings in which all the parties profess the Muslim religion"(para 3)
July 19, 2016, 3:56 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Marriage in Trinidad and Tobago is governed by the following legislation: The Marriage Act 1923; The Muslim Marriage and Divorce Act 1961; The Hindu Marriage Act 1945; and The Orisa Marriage Act, 1999. These Acts all require free and full consent to marriage and only make a distinction between the sexes, on the basis of age. In accordance with the Muslim, Hindu and Orisa Marriage Acts, persons below 18 years of age, as all others, may enter into marriage only after having given their full consent. Furthermore in cases of marriages involving minors as allowed by the above mentioned legislation, the Marriage Act also necessitates the consent of the parents ...more