The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-1

Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides that the minimum ages for marriage are 18 for men and 17 for women"(14)."There were reports of children born into kwanliso political prison camps as a result of 'reward marriages' between inmates. Reports noted that authorities subjected these children to forced labor for up to 12 hours per day and did not allow them to leave the camps"(14)
Nov. 9, 2017, 9:03 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cambodia, Central African Rep, Chad, Comoros, D R Congo, Djibouti, East Timor, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Nepal, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Vanuatu, Yemen, Zambia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"As of 2010, more than half of the women in LDCs aged 20-24 were married before they were 18; in some countries, the figure was 70%" (para 8). The 48 least developed countries (LCDs) according to the UN are: Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Fast, Burundi, Cambodia, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kirbati, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Vanuatu, Yemen, Zambia (TPJ - CODER ...more
Nov. 7, 2017, 9:21 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"'Women are now aware of their rights and can raise their voices. Before [the formation of a community development committee which women are included in] we couldn't do this,' said committee president Kalpona Begum, 55.The community's meeting hall, a tin-roofed shed with a cardboard ceiling and orange tarp stretched over its concrete floor, is plastered with hand-drawn posters illustrating ways to reduce earthquake and fire risks and to combat social ills - including one image of an old man and a young girl in a red wedding veil, with a big red X marked over it"(para 17-18)."The efforts to unite the community to build resilience to climate change and disasters ...more
Nov. 6, 2017, 4:04 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"When she was a scrawny 11-year-old, Sherry Johnson found out one day that she was about to be married to a 20-year-old member of her church who had raped her. 'It was forced on me,' she recalls. She had become pregnant, she says, and child welfare authorities were investigating — so her family and church officials decided the simplest way to avoid a messy criminal case was to organize a wedding" (para 1-2). "So she was. A government clerk in Tampa, Fla., refused to marry an 11-year-old, even though this was legal in the state, so the wedding party went to nearby Pinellas County, where the clerk issued a marriage ...more
Nov. 3, 2017, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Jihan (pseudonym), 18, told Human Rights Watch that she married a man more than 10 years her senior when she was 15 or 16"(4)."Fatima (pseudonym), 34, from Fez, married when she was 17 and had two children with her husband"(6)."Khadija (pseudonym), 23, married in 2011 [this report was published in 2016] and lived with her husband in Oujda. At the time of the interview, she had a 7-month-old son and was pregnant"(8)."Safaa (pseudonym), 27, had a 'fatiha' marriage (traditional marriage) at age 15 that was not officially registered.She lived with her husband in a village between the cities of Settat and Khouribga. They have a son who was 3 years ...more
Nov. 3, 2017, 8:07 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Aisha was married to her cousin when she was just 15 years old" (para 1).
Nov. 2, 2017, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"They expressed disappointment at the decision to appeal against the ruling [raising the age of marriage to 18 for women] which is expected to reduce the high rate at which girls are married before the age of 18 in the country" (para 4). "Until the hearing by the Court of Appeal, the July 8, 2016 ruling has allowed both boys and girls to enjoy their teenage years and perpetrators jailed to end child marriage in the country where 37% of girls are married before the age of 18" (para 8).
Oct. 30, 2017, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Wahibah Saleh, a senior archaeological inspector in Dahshur, produced a film on the Ahwal Masriyah website titled 'The clash between Nubian women and marital traditions.' The film discussed for the first time the battle waged by Nubian women with their families over marriage to non-Nubian men"(para 8)."Saleh related to Al-Monitor the story of her marriage to a non-Nubian man. 'I was looking for an independent person compatible with my ambitions, and I met a poet and journalist in the Cultural Center of Cairo, someone with an open mind. It fell on me, the task of telling my family, so I moved there for a year in order to convince them. ...more
Oct. 30, 2017, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Egypt’s National Council for Women launched its campaign No to Underage Marriage on Oct. 15, in cooperation with the Ministry of Religious Endowments and Christian clerics. The campaign’s main objective is to curtail undocumented marriages of minors. The campaign follows calls by Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi Sept. 30 to impose measures against customary marriage of underage girls" (para 1-2). "The phenomenon of customary marriage is common in Egypt, especially for minors in rural areas. Officials authorized by the Ministry of Religious Endowments draft customary marriage certificates for girls under the age of 18 without officially registering the marriage at the state registries, as the Egyptian Child Law bans marriage ...more
Oct. 27, 2017, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The United Kingdom has a forced marriage prevention unit in which they will actually go an extract young men and young women in situations of forced marriage wherever they are in the world if they’re UK citizens. And then they do this thing where they actually have group homes because so many of these young people are sheltered…They’ve never been in society at large. In the United States a lot of times if we do have shelter for them, it’s in a shelter for battered women or the public at large and what they do in the United Kingdom is make homes just for those who had faced forced marriage" ...more
Oct. 27, 2017, 10:51 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"'there were up to 3,000 cases in a two year period that we know of. The question is how many do we not know about'" (1). This from an interview with Gayle Tzemach Lemmon at 1:04 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "'In the United States a lot of times if we do have shelter for them, it’s in a shelter for battered women or the public at large'" (1). This from an interview with Gayle Tzemach Lemmon at 1:04 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 27, 2017, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"she began to tell me about her friend, a New York City public school teacher, who was watching some of his best students leave his classroom against their will. His students came to him, looking for help, and saying they had no choice — their parents insisted they get married, even though they wanted to stay to finish high school and go on to college" (para 3). "One young woman, then in community college, talked to me about feeling enormous guilt when a friend who sought help to avoid marriage ended up being taken to Yemen by her parents. The friend returned to school the following year, pregnant, and this ...more
Oct. 26, 2017, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"It must have been strange for the 18-year-old Pakistani woman. Her mother, Perveen Bibi, had never approved of her relationship with Hassan Khan, a classmate. Nor had other members of the family, who had rejected multiple marriage proposals from her husband before the couple eloped"(para 2)."Instead, her [Zeenat Rafiq] mother and brother beat and strangled her, then tied her to a cot, doused her in kerosene and lit her on fire, according to reports at the time.After the attack, Bibi ran outside and yelled, 'I have killed my daughter for misbehaving and giving our family a bad name,' the mother’s sister told Agence France-Presse at the time"(para 5-6)."Eventually, the two ...more
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Another factor [towards having about half a million widowed women] is child marriage, with girls in Nepal often married off as teenagers to much older men"(para 14)
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-DATA-1

"Women and girls in Chechnya are subject to honour killings, domestic violence, abductions for marriage and early marriages"(para 4)."Though he [Chechnya’s dictator Ramzan Kadyrov] officially bans under-age marriage and bridal abduction, cases of local security servicemen forcing very young girls into marriages, and as second or de facto temporary wives have been reported. Women’s activists told me that parents are afraid their daughters be seen in public, especially in the evenings, for fear of them being noticed by people in positions of power. Families cannot resist pressure from powerful security types who may seek to take them for marriage"(para 16)
Oct. 24, 2017, 3:25 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"While child marriage was prevalent in Yemen even before the conflict, the situation is far worse now. 'One of the first casualties when families are displaced and lose their incomes is girls,' said UNICEF’s spokesman in Yemen, Rajat Madhok. Astonishingly, nearly 45% of girls in Yemen are married by the age of 15 – a huge increase from 10 years ago, in 2006, when only 14% of girls were married by the same age" (para 4). "In the context of a violent conflict where half of households are living with less than $2/day, families see a compelling economic argument to marry off their daughters. Indeed, in addition to the expected ...more
Oct. 20, 2017, 10:45 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1

"Malawi set the pace this year by banning child marriage – a traditional practice that has seen half the country’s girls end up as child brides. One female chief took it upon herself to annul over 300 child marriages and asked them to return to school" (para 8).
Oct. 20, 2017, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"But the girl, Mohsina, was not only a victim of child marriage. She was a casualty of a war that has plunged her country into a humanitarian catastrophe. For Mohsina’s family, marrying off their underage daughter earned a $1,300 dowry — enough to feed them for a year" (para 4). "Desperate families are increasingly selling their daughters off as child brides" (para 5). "Mohsina was forced to marry a man she did not know" (para 15).
Oct. 19, 2017, 12:11 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso, Chad, Guinea, Niger, South Sudan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Despite efforts to empower girls and women and toughen penalties, India is among the countries with the highest rates of child marriage, along with Burkina Faso, Chad, Guinea, Niger and South Sudan" (para 16).
Oct. 19, 2017, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Though illegal, child marriage is deeply rooted in India. Factors such as poverty, weak law enforcement, patriarchal social norms and concerns about family honour are often blamed" (para 11). "More than a quarter of Indian women between 20 and 24 said they were married before 18, and a fifth of men between 25 and 29 said they married below the legal age, the National Commission for the Protection of Child Rights and the charity Young Lives said in a recent report analysing the census data. The number of underage brides has declined 0.3 percent in rural areas since 2001, but in urban areas it increased 0.7 percent, the report said. ...more
Oct. 11, 2017, 11:05 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Heather Hamilton, deputy executive director for the charity Girls Not Brides, said: 'You have a situation where a girl is perhaps choosing to be in a union, but only because she lacks other options. Perhaps there is a desire to escape poverty or a violent home environment. But we don’t want a world in which girls are forced to make the least bad choice.'" (13-14).
Oct. 11, 2017, 3:22 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Statistics on the rate of child marriage in Malaysia are hard to pin down, but in 2010, the women, family and community development deputy minister reported that 16,000 girls aged below 15 in the country were married" (para 11).
Oct. 10, 2017, 7:36 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"A video showing a boy, said to be 13 years old, marrying his girlfriend in a Chinese village has sparked controversy. The newlyweds live in the Ding'an County of Hainan Province, and the bride was five months pregnant when the wedding took place, according to Chinese media" (para 1-2). "The legal age of marriage in China is 20 for women and 22 for men, however child marriage has been described as a 'common' practice in rural China" (para 12). "The bride, 13-year-old Jie, married her 18-year-old husband Wen just three days after they had met. The girl got pregnant soon afterwards and dropped out of schooll. At the time, Liu ...more
Sept. 29, 2017, 8:25 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Weddings, funerals, and various other ceremonies and customs in villages all reinforce the idea that men have ‘more value’ than women"(para 1)."Now, Xiufang and members of the rural women’s grassroots organization share their experience of changing village rules and regulations with other villages. They also showcase their talent and have initiated innovative activities, including local dramas, holding weddings and funerals that respect both women and men, and showcasing murals and embroidery to educate the public about the implementation of gender sensitive rules and regulations"(para 7)
Sept. 28, 2017, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: SUICIDE-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Morocco overhauled a similar law [allowing rapists to marry their victims] in 2014 following the suicide of a 16-year-old girl and the attempted suicide of a 15-year-old who were forced to marry their rapists" (para 21).
Sept. 28, 2017, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The report highlights a recent case in Lebanon where a 24-year-old man who raped a 12-year-old girl tried to marry her to avoid punishment. Although her parents declined, they have not pushed for his prosecution, and because of the social stigma surrounding rape victims they have betrothed the girl to a relative" (para 19-20).
Sept. 22, 2017, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Omaima Hoshan [living in a refugee camp in Jordan since 2012 but originally from Syria], 14, wasn’t really aware of early marriage until her best friend dropped out of school in the fifth grade. Omaima was very concerned. Her friend was an excellent student — the best in their class — and had always dreamed about becoming a doctor, so why would she leave school? Omaima learned from the teacher that her friend had married her 18-year-old cousin under pressure from her father. The girl hadn’t even turned 13 yet. Omaima never saw her again.From that day, Omaima noticed more girls leaving school as young as 12, 13 or 14 ...more
Sept. 22, 2017, 4:24 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Omaima Hoshan [living in a refugee camp in Jordan since 2012 but originally from Syria], 14, wasn’t really aware of early marriage until her best friend dropped out of school in the fifth grade. Omaima was very concerned. Her friend was an excellent student — the best in their class — and had always dreamed about becoming a doctor, so why would she leave school? Omaima learned from the teacher that her friend had married her 18-year-old cousin under pressure from her father. The girl hadn’t even turned 13 yet. Omaima never saw her again.From that day, Omaima noticed more girls leaving school as young as 12, 13 or 14 ...more
Sept. 22, 2017, 7:39 a.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Activists and even the government argue that the rule is often abused, particularly in poor, rural areas, where shamed families marry off their daughters to their alleged rapists so they will not be forced to bring up the child alone" (para 3). "The country is home to more than 22,000 minors who are married or co-habiting, according to El Salvador government data" (para 6).
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, LRCM-DATA-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-4, GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office. Women and girls are inadequately protected against domestic and other violence, including early and forced marriage and marital rape"(para 17)