The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 28, 2020, 3:33 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe

"Three years after Zimbabwe's Constitutional Court declared child marriage unconstitutional and set 18 as the minimum marriage age, the government has not put structures in place to implement the court's decision and ensure that girls under 18 are not forced into marriage. Zimbabwe's 2013 Constitution states that 'no person may be compelled to enter marriage against their will' and requires authorities to ensure that children are not pledged into marriage, but the government has yet to amend or repeal all other existing marriage laws that still allow child marriage" (para 12).
Sept. 26, 2020, 7:38 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The concept of male guardianship is incorporated into Qatari law and regulations and undermines women’s right to make autonomous decisions about marriage and travel" (para 12). "The law provides that women can only marry if a male guardian approves" (para 12).
Sept. 26, 2020, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Kuwaiti personal status law, which applies to Sunni Muslims who make up the majority of Kuwaitis, discriminates against women. For example, some women require a male guardian to conclude their marriage contracts" (para 17).
Aug. 16, 2020, 7:27 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan

"Hpwever, authorities are not consistently enforcing protective measures for women and girls, including…a 2016 law to curb child and forced marriage" (para 15).
Aug. 12, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania

"The Global Slavery Index, which measures forced labour and forced marriage, estimates that there are 90,000 living in 'modern slavery' in Mauritania, or 2.4 percent of the population" (para 20).
Aug. 11, 2020, 7:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

“A heady mix of culture, tradition and empty belief culminate in a demand for the male child, for a girl is not a preferred choice. If anything, a girl is perceived as a liability for many, many families in India, while a boy is seen as an asset. To families that are ridden by poverty and schooled in a warped cultural ideology, a girl is perceived as an extra mouth to feed and an economic burden since she cannot work as a male child can, and since her marriage would demand the payment of a dowry. This drives many families to avoid the girl child at any cost: right from...more
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

“Almost half of forced marriages involving Britons come from the Pakistani community” (para 1). “Recent estimates suggest more than 5,000 people from the UK are forced into marriage every year and more than a third of those affected are aged under 16” (para 5). “Nineteen-year-old ‘Nazia’ is typical of the young people helped by Sach. She was brought to Pakistan from the UK by her parents, ostensibly for a holiday. But when she arrived, they asked her to marry her cousin. When she refused, Ms Salimi said, ‘She was kept in solitary confinement for a couple of days without food.’ When she still refused to marry him, they gave her...more
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

“Almost half of forced marriages involving Britons come from the Pakistani community” (para 1). “Nineteen-year-old ‘Nazia’ is typical of the young people helped by Sach. She was brought to Pakistan from the UK by her parents, ostensibly for a holiday. But when she arrived, they asked her to marry her cousin. When she refused, Ms Salimi said, ‘She was kept in solitary confinement for a couple of days without food.’ When she still refused to marry him, they gave her an overdose of pills, so that it would appear that she had taken her own life. However, her boyfriend in the UK had grown suspicious when he had not heard...more
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:55 p.m.
Countries: India

“Teenagers like Sara - not her real name - are all too aware of this. She was meant to be married off to a man twice her age in India over the summer. ‘In exchange for [a] dowry he was going to give me land, a house, gold and all the wedding expenses,’ she said. Sara says it made her feel like an object - ‘like being sold or exchanged’. She managed to escape to a refuge in the UK before the wedding” (para 29-32).
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:32 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

“On February 27, the Swiss Parliament is scheduled to debate a series of proposals to crack down on Muslim forced marriages in Switzerland. There are an estimated 17,000 forced marriages in Switzerland; one-third of the victims are between the ages of 13 and 18, according to a ground-breaking study of the problem conducted in 2006” (para 24).
July 28, 2020, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Despite improved data collection, there are still some data gaps. At present there is limited information on: a) emotional, verbal, psychological and financial abuse; b) violence committed by children and adolescents against parents; c) emerging forms of sexual violence, cyber stalking and online sexual harassment; d) certain cultural practices that may constitute family, domestic and sexual violence, such as forced marriage and female genital mutilation; e) the sociodemographic characteristics of victims and perpetrators; f) types of family violence perpetrated against LGBTI people outside of the IPV context" (4). "Currently, a pilot is running to enable victims of forced marriage to access up to 200 days of support through the STPP...more
July 14, 2020, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The 21-year-old had a gun licence and an acceptance letter to join the local police force. But her parents had arranged for her to get married. 'In India when you get married, you have to live with your husband and his parents. So she went and joined his family, and the abuse just started,' Ms Singh said" (para 14-16).
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Strategy for Social Inclusion of the Roma in the R Serbia for the period 2016–2025 and the National Gender Equality Strategy include measures relating to prevention of and reduction of the number of underage and forced marriages and underage pregnancies in the Roma community" (41).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

Parental or judicial consent to marry is required for individuals younger than 18. Nevertheless, the traditional practice of “ukuthwala,” the arranged marriage of girls as young as age 12 to older men, occurred in remote villages in Western Cape, Eastern Cape, and KwaZulu-Natal provinces (27). "According to the 2016 State of the World’s Children Report of the UN Children’s Fund, 6 percent of girls in the country were married before age 18" (27).
May 31, 2020, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In August, a girl who was being forced to marry reported her case to the police and consequently she was taken under protection" (para 10).
May 7, 2020, 7:27 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Ibrahim Kanuma winces as he recalls the moment a 63-year-old man asked him for his teenage daughter's hand in marriage. The proposal was not unusual in north-western Nigeria's remote, dust-blown state of Zamfara, but he considered the suitor too old for his only daughter, Zainab, 13." (para 1). "But the practice came under scrutiny in July, when legislators tried to scrap a constitutional clause that states citizenship can be renounced by anyone over 18 or a married woman, apparently implying women can be married under 18." (para 7). "Ammani welcomes the reawakened debate on child marriage but warns of its limits: 'The fact is, a lot of people [here], when...more
April 24, 2020, 9:25 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"For purposes of the VAPP, a harmful traditional practice means all traditional behavior, attitudes, or practices that negatively affect the fundamental rights of women or girls, to include denial of inheritance or succession rights, FGM/C or circumcision, forced marriage, and forced isolation from family and friends." (33-34). "The prevalence of child marriage varied widely among regions, with figures ranging from 76 percent in the Northwest to 10 percent in the Southeast... According to an NGO, education was a key indicator of whether a girl would marry as a child--82 percent of women with no education were married before 18, as opposed to 13 percent of women who had at least...more
April 19, 2020, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Eighty-five percent of women in urban areas and 78% of those in rural areas had a say in choosing their husband. The percentage of women who had a say in choosing their husband increases from 75% among those with no education to 92% among those with a higher education. Women in the highest wealth quintile are more likely to have had a say in choosing their husbands than women in the lowest quintile (89% versus 72%). The percentage of women who had a say in choosing their husband varies by region, from a high of 89% each in Azad Jammu and Kashmir and ICT Islamabad to a low of 63%...more
April 9, 2020, 8:06 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia

"Indonesia previously allowed girls of 16 to get married or younger-- with no minimum age-- if their parents requested it" (para 7).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The 2011 Prevention of Antiwomen Practices Amendment Act criminalizes and punishes the giving of a woman in marriage to settle a civil or criminal dispute; depriving a woman of her rights to inherit movable or immovable property by deceitful or illegal means; coercing or in any manner compelling a woman to enter into marriage; and compelling, arranging, or facilitating the marriage of a woman with the Quran, including forcing her to take an oath on the Quran to remain unmarried or not to claim her share of an inheritance. Although prohibited by law, these practices continued in some areas" (41). "The 2014 Sindh Child Marriage Restraint Act sets 18 as...more
March 24, 2020, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"“Several women and girls reported they had been taken from their villages by U.P.D.F. members and forced to become prostitutes or sex slaves, or to marry Ugandan soldiers,” the head of the United Nations peacekeeping mission wrote in a letter to Ugandan authorities last June, using the initials of the Ugandan People’s Defense Force, the Ugandan military" (para 6).
March 16, 2020, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Early marriage & forced marriage remained common practices." (1).
Feb. 15, 2020, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In October 2013, Italy hosted in Rome the international conference “Action to achieve commitments towards United Nations GA Resolution 67/146 on Intensifying global efforts for the elimination of FGM; at the last United Nations HRC29, Italy co-facilitated (A/HRC/RES/29/8) on “Strengthening efforts to prevent and eliminate child, early and forced marriage”, adopted without a vote and cosponsored by approx. 85 UNMS." (para 61).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon

"Multiple NGOs and UNHCR shared reports of sexual harassment and exploitation of refugees by government, employers, and landlords, including paying workers below the minimum wage, working excessive hours, debt bondage, and pressuring families into early marriage or nonconsensual sex for their daughters" (17).
Feb. 1, 2020, 10:31 a.m.
Countries: Gambia

"Marriages often were arranged and, depending on the ethnic group, polygyny was practiced" (para 105)
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Early and forced marriage was a significant, widespread problem. The conflict likely exacerbated the situation, and local and international NGOs reported an increase in forced marriage and child marriage for financial reasons due to economic insecurity" (31).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Al-Shabaab also committed sexual violence, including through forced marriages." (14). " The provisional federal constitution requires both marriage partners to have reached the “age of maturity” and defines a child as a person less than 18 years old. It notes marriage requires the free consent of both the man and woman to be legal. Early marriages frequently occurred. In areas under its control, al-Shabaab arranged compulsory marriages between its soldiers and young girls and used the lure of marriage as a recruitment tool. There were no known efforts by the government or regional authorities to prevent early and forced marriage." (35).
Jan. 2, 2020, 3:45 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"'They forcefully took us away and kept us like prisoners,' Lydia Musa, a former Boko Haram captive who was abducted at the age of 14 during an attack on her village in Gwoza, in Nigeria’s north eastern Borno State, tells IPS. Musa and two other underaged girls were captured and forced to marry Boko Haram fighters in spite of their protests that they were too young to marry. 'You must marry whether you like it or not they told us as they pointed guns at us,' the now 16-year-old girl recalls. Boko Haram’s violation of the rights of women and children paints a larger picture of human trafficking, forced marriages...more
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Mariam is one of a dozen teenagers I've watched get married in the 15 years I've lived in southwest Detroit's tight-knit Yemeni community. I've spent English classes furtively folding invitations for friends planning local weddings, and hugged others classmates on their way back to Yemen to wed fiancees they've never met" (para 5). "Outsiders are often shocked when they learn how common such young marriages are. 'Those poor children!' they exclaim. 'They're being forced'" (para 6). "The small charter school Mariam and I attend has less than 300 high school students. But not the only young wife I know. My friends there include two engaged sophomores, two married seniors,...more
Dec. 14, 2019, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Maajida* quivers as she describes the hell she has endured since her wedding day. At just 17 she was married off to a lorry driver living in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Little did she know that barely a month into her marriage she would also be expected to act as a wife for two of her husband's other brothers and, when she refused, would be raped and assaulted" (para 1-3). "Instead brides are purchased from destitute families outside of Uttar Pradesh. And while they are officially married to one brother they are expected to act as a wife to several others in a practice known as polyandry"...more