The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-1

April 12, 2019, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"[Hong Kong] The legal minimum age of marriage is 16, and parents’ written consent is required for marriage before the age of 21. There was no evidence of early or forced marriage in the SAR" (page 115).
April 11, 2019, 11:47 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

Table 2, titled, "DATA ON GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE, 2010-2016," shows that 49 forced marriages were reported in 2013, 6 were reported in 2014, 64 in 2015, and 12 in 2016 (17).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage for girls is 13, but girls as young as nine years old may be married with permission from the court and their fathers. In 2016 UNICEF reported that 17 percent of girls in the country were married before reaching age 18. NGOs reported that many families did not register underage marriages, indicating the number may be higher" (37). "In her March 17 report, UNSR Jahangir cited statistics from the Tehran-based Association to Protect the Rights of Children, according to which 17 percent of all marriages in the country involved girls married to 'old men'" (37).
April 4, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Despite legal protections for women from forced marriage, deeply embedded tribal practices ultimately compel most citizen women towards or away from a choice of spouse" (5).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-DATA-1

"In some parts of the North Caucasus, women continued to face bride kidnapping, polygamy, forced marriage (including child marriage), legal discrimination, and enforced adherence to Islamic dress codes" (47).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Civic education on early marriage was carried out mainly by NGOs. Some traditional leaders annulled early marriages and returned the girls involved to school" (para 99).
March 29, 2019, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Reports of various exploitation schemes targeting North Korean refugees, such as forced marriages, forced labor, and prostitution, were common" (page 43). "The legal minimum age for marriage is 22 for men and 20 for women. Child marriage was not known to be a problem, but there were reports of babies sold to be future brides. In such cases families would adopt and raise babies for eventual marriage to their sons" (page 59).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"There were reports of forced marriages of women and girls for sexual slavery among Da’esh fighters" (para 9). "Held as slaves, Da’esh fighters subjected them and other captured women and girls to repeated sexual violence, forced marriages, and coerced abortions" (para 93). "Da’esh systematically abducted and sexually exploited Yezidi girls in Iraq and transported them to Syria for forced marriage" (para 213). "Da’esh has also abducted thousands of Yezidi women and girls from Iraq and forcibly brought them to Syria for forced marriage, domestic servitude, systematic rape, and sexual violence" (para 243).
March 18, 2019, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1

"The minimum legal age for men and women to marry is 18. There were no reported cases of forced marriage" (20).
March 18, 2019, 7:25 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Child marriage was a problem. The law provides for the prosecution of forced marriage cases, even when the marriage occurred abroad. Penalties for violations are up to three years’ imprisonment and a 45,000-euro ($54,000) fine. Women and girls could seek refuge at shelters if their parents or guardians threatened them with forced marriage. The government offered educational programs to inform young women of their rights" (p. 19)
March 14, 2019, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Action plan entitled 'The Right to Decide about One’s Own Life — an Action Plan to Combat Negative Social Control, Forced Marriage and Female Genital Mutilation 2017–2020, in 2017, and other action plans, including: (i) On combating human trafficking; (ii) Against hate speech, aimed at preventing hate speech on all prohibited grounds of discrimination, including gender; (iii) To strengthen investigation and prosecution in the police and the prosecuting authorities, including in relation to cases of gender-based violence against women, in 2016; (iv) Against domestic violence, entitled 'A Life without Violence', for the period from 2014 to 2017" (2). "The Committee is nevertheless concerned that: (a) There are currently no reliable...more
March 11, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Ministry of Education and Science, together with the “Creative women’s league”, a public association, conducted a survey involving a detailed analysis and identification of reasons for early and forced marriage. The survey showed that early marriage was not always based on voluntary compliance with the wishes of the parents. As an outcome of the survey, a methodological guide on the prevention of early and forced marriage was developed and sent to all regions of the country. Cases of early and forced marriage are occasionally found in some southern regions of the country. Today, a legislative mechanism has been developed, providing for penalties for people who have condoned violence and...more
March 8, 2019, 7:07 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"To combat the problem, the Organization against Forced Marriage, together with the Bern city police, established a website where at-risk individuals could declare their unwillingness to be married while on foreign travel, which in turn allowed authorities either to stop vulnerable individuals from leaving the country or to pronounce the marriages as invalid upon their return" (p. 16).
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Discrimination against women, female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C); early and forced marriage; political marginalization of southern-based (non-Arab) ethnic groups and of the Haratine caste of slave descendants; racial and ethnic discrimination; discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) persons and persons with HIV/AIDS; child labor; and inadequate enforcement of labor laws also occurred" (page 1). "Arranged marriages were increasingly rare, particularly among the Moor population" (page 19).
March 6, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Despite a law setting the legal minimum age for marriage at 16 for girls (15 with the consent of a parent or guardian and the court) and 18 for boys, international and local observers continued to report widespread early marriage" (29). "Under the EVAW law, those who arrange forced or underage marriages are subject to imprisonment for not less than two years, but implementation of the law was limited" (29). "By law a marriage contract requires verification that the bride is 16 years of age (or 15 with the permission of her parents or a court), but only a small fraction of the population had birth certificates" (30). "There were...more
March 3, 2019, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Arranged and early marriages are common, and married women are required to live with their husbands’ families" (11).
March 1, 2019, 11:52 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

""The Qatari Family Act, article 17, provides that 'the marriage of a boy under 18 years of age or a girl under 16 years of age shall only be certified with the approval of the guardian, verification of the consent of both parties to the contract, and the approval of the competent judge'. Even where guarantees for conclusion of a marriage contract for a girl under 18, which consist of 'approval of the guardian, verification of the consent of both parties to the contract, and permission and a licence from a competent judge', are met, the behaviour of a minor must be taken into account – whether or not it...more
March 1, 2019, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Many of these Afghan women are locked up for so-called social crimes — often offenses that would not be crimes in most countries, like running away from their husbands, committing adultery (or often merely being accused of it) or refusing to submit to abusive practices like forced marriage" (para 10).
Feb. 26, 2019, 5:58 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"For a woman to marry, her male guardian must sign off on her marriage contract. Once married, she is required to “obey” her husband...She can lose her right to financial support if she refuses to have sex with her husband without a lawful excuse" (para. 5).
Feb. 25, 2019, 7:34 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Mauritania, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, United Arab Emirates, Yemen
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"A sharia marriage law will be introduced to ensure that all weddings of Muslim couples celebrated in mosques are properly registered. Ministers want to give legal protection to tens of thousands of Muslim women whose marriages have no official status and who can be denied divorce or lose all they have in the event of a break-up" (para. 1 - 2). "Some mosques are registered so that weddings can be held there with official recognition, after the couple have been issued with a licence. But other mosques are not registered and the marriages contracted there can remain unofficial" (para. 8).more
Feb. 25, 2019, 7 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"However there are many things Saudi women continue to be banned from doing without permission from a male guardian, usually a husband, father, brother or son, including... getting married" (para. 16). Women are not free to marry if they want to. JSM - Coder comment.
Feb. 25, 2019, 4:02 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Kachindamoto (a senior chief in the Dedza district of Malawi) has annulled 850 child marriages and reports that all of these girls have gone back to school. Along with this stunning accomplishment, Kachindamoto has also banned the practice of sexual initiation camps" (para. 3).
Feb. 14, 2019, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Forced or early marriages were not reported to be problems" (para 63).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The legal age for marriage is 18 for men and 17 for women. Family matters are governed by confessionally determined personal status law, and minimum ages acceptable for marriage differ accordingly. UNHCR reported early and forced marriage was common in the Syrian refugee community. According to a study conducted by the Heartland Alliance in 2014, the marriages were not official but usually endorsed by sheikhs in the refugee community, often encouraged with a bribe. These sheikhs were not linked to the country’s Sunni family courts, and the marriages had no legal standing" (Pg 30).
Feb. 6, 2019, 7:33 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"There were reports of forced elopement, a customary practice whereby men abduct and rape girls or women with the intention of forcing them into marriage, but no estimates on its extent were available. When the perpetrator’s family was wealthy, the victim’s parents often reached a financial settlement rather than report the incident to police" (Pg 17).
Feb. 6, 2019, 7:03 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-DATA-2

"Ms. Seyavoshi announced that more than 300 girls under nine, and between 30,000 to 40,000 girls under 13-14 years old marry in Iran" (para. 5). "According to Iran’s Association of Children’s Rights, the number of girls married in Iran under the age of 15 climbed from 33,383 in 2006 to 43,459 in 2009, a 30 percent increase in three years. Experts say the increase is due to deepening poverty and parents’ desire to control their daughter’s sexuality" (para. 11).
Feb. 6, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Although prohibited by law, the practice of kidnapping women and girls for forced marriage continued. According to NGOs Kyz Korgon and the Women’s Support Center, an average of at least 32 women and girls were kidnapped daily. Previous independent studies estimated that as many as 50 percent of all marriages in the country involved bride kidnapping" (Pg 24). "Although illegal, the practice of bride kidnapping continued (see section 6, Women). The kidnapping of underage brides remained underreported" (Pg 27).
Feb. 4, 2019, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Scottish Government is investing significant levels of funding to tackle violence against women and girls... This includes direct provision for front line… Forced Marriage… Crisis Helplines" (38).
Feb. 1, 2019, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Marriages were more common in indigenous and rural populations for those younger than 18. There were no reports of forced marriage" (page 24).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"More than one-third of ever-married women age 15-49 (35%) reported that they made the decision to marry, while 61% say that their parents made the decision and 3% report the decision was made by other family members or relatives (Table 14.8)" (260).