The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-1

Oct. 17, 2018, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, PW-LAW-1

"Under personal status laws that apply to Muslims, men can have four wives, while women cannot marry without a male guardian’s permission, unless they have previously married, or else they obtain court approval to marry without a male guardian’s permission or against their guardian’s wishes" (para 42).
Oct. 12, 2018, 2:17 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"On February 14, the Moroccan parliament adopted a new law on violence against women that criminalizes harassment, aggression, sexual exploitation or ill treatment of women... The law criminalizes forced marriage with a penalty of six months to one year in prison and a fine of 10,000 to 30.000 dirhams, or one of these two penalties" (para 2-3).
Oct. 11, 2018, 7 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"There are no reliable statistics on child marriages in Pakistan, as few cases are reported to the police and the government does not track such figures. But according to UNICEF's State of the World's Children Report 2014, seven percent of Pakistani girls are married under the age of 15. According to figures from Save the Children, an international children's charity, more than 40 percent of Pakistani brides are under 18 and eight percent of adolescent married women are already mothers by the age of 15-19" (para. 21 - 23). "In Pakistan, underage girls are sometimes offered for marriage to settle disputes between families in a practice known as 'swara'. It...more
Oct. 5, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Nearly 12,000 possible forced marriage cases were flagged up to the government’s Forced Marriage Unit last year - with more than a quarter involving victims below the age of 18" (para 3). "In 2017, of nearly 1,200 cases handled by the government’s Forced Marriage Unit, 355 involved victims aged 18 or younger. Around 168 cases examined related to victims aged 15 or younger" (para 16-17).
Oct. 5, 2018, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The child's father pleaded to help his daughter Zakura, seven, escape the long-established path for girls in his traditional and partly nomadic society in Wadi Qelt valley on the Israel-Palestine border" (para 2). "Arafat said: 'You take Zakura to Moscow, raise her until she's 12 and then you can marry her if you want. Her future here is pre-determined, she's free now but she will soon become someone's property. I love her as a father but I see no opportunity that I can break our local traditions. You are a good man and most likely she will have a chance for normal education and life in a different country" (para...more
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:49 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

" It shows that child marriage is likely to be the cause of more than half of babies born to under 18s in Uganda, so that ending it could reduce early childbearing by the same amount" (para 8).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-DATA-1

"One statistical source indicates, in 2017, prevalence of child marriage at the age of 15 in Eritrea stood at 13%, placing the country at thirteenth in the world in terms of child marriage. Another source indicates that girls are often betrothed between the ages of 8 and 14 and conclude the marriage between the ages of 13 and 15" (6).
Sept. 26, 2018, 9:47 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Legal guardians can marry off girls below 13 and boys before 15 years of age pending a judge’s approval" (para 4). "In Iran, every 15 minutes a girl between 10 and 14 years of age faces marriage. During the last 9 months of 2013 more than 30,000 girls below 15 years of age were forced to marry" (para 5-6).
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Da’esh reportedly detained children in schools, prisons, and airports and separated girls above the age of 12 from their families to sell them in Da’esh-controlled areas for sexual slavery" (para 109). "During the year Da’esh continued to kidnap women and girls, sell, rent, or gift them as forced “brides” (a euphemism for forced marriage or sexual slavery) to Da’esh fighters and commanders, and exploit the promise of sexual access in propaganda materials as part of its recruitment strategy. In March the Organization for Women’s Freedom in Iraq (OFWI) reported that Da’esh initially sold women for prices ranging from 110,000 dinars to 1.1 million dinars ($100 to $1,000), and as a...more
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The State has striven to provide protection for women. A woman is entitled to resort to the Supreme Court and to bring an action against her guardian. The State provides a safe house where women are protected from abuse until their court date. The safe house, namely the Dar al-Wifaq (House of Harmony), pursues reconciliation between the plaintiff and the defendant. In accordance with Royal Decree No. 55/2010 mentioned above, a woman may appeal a judgment to deny her action to His Majesty the Sultan in a petition submitted to the Diwan of the Royal Court within 30 days of the issuance of the judgment" (Pg 39).
Sept. 20, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Eight of the victims said they were previously abducted by Boko Haram fighters and forced into marriage before they escaped to Maiduguri" (para 4).
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Noura Hussein, 19, was forced to marry her cousin, and when she refused to consummate the marriage, she says he called his family to help him rape her" (para 2). "Miss Hussein had been promised to her husband at 15, and despite repeated protests they married after she left school at 18" (para 5).
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Campaigners are calling for tougher penalties on forced marriages after more than 3,500 cases were reported to police within just three years" (para 1). "Support group Karma Nirvana revealed it took almost 9,000 calls about forced marriages in 2017 while a national helpline was contacted 22,000 times between 2014-2016. During the same period, the police were contacted 3,546 times with official reports made about the marriages, based on figures obtained by the Iranian and Kurdish Women’s Rights Organisation" (para 3-4). "It is unknown how many women... are brought into the UK from abroad specifically to marry, although Karma Nirvana say the majority of its calls concern British nationals" (para 5)....more
Sept. 14, 2018, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"A woman who was forced to marry her rapist when she was 11 has helped inspire the Florida Senate pass a bill that would end child marriage in the state" (para 1). "Johnson was raped at age 8 by a church bishop in Tampa...Later, her mother's husband and a church deacon, Alfonsa Tolbert, did the same....her mother at first did not believe her and insisted she was lying...when she became pregnant by Tolbert and needed to leave elementary school to give birth, her mother could no longer deny what had happened. After she gave birth, her mother - pressured by the church - took her to a courthouse to marry...more
Sept. 13, 2018, 7:46 a.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Malaysian authorities are investigating the marriage between an 11-year-old Thai girl and a 41-year-old Malaysian Muslim that has sparked public outrage and calls for child brides to be banned" (para.1). "Muslim girls under the minimum legal marriage age of 16 can wed with the consent of the Shariah court and their parents. Muslim men in Malaysia can marry four wives" (para. 3). "The National Human Rights Society said government data showed there were as many as 15,000 Malaysian child brides in 2010 and called for laws to criminalize child marriage to protect minors" (para 16).
Sept. 12, 2018, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Norway approved a law banning all child marriage on Tuesday (22/05/2018) ...The Nordic country has a minimum age of 18, but allows 16- and 17-year-olds to marry with parental consent and permission from the county governor" (Par. 1 - 2).
Sept. 10, 2018, 9:57 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"More than 3,500 reports of forced marriage were made to police over a three-year period, a Guardian investigation has found, as charities warned that there were thousands more victims living in conditions of modern slavery in homes across the UK. Data shared exclusively with the Guardian revealed 3,546 reports between 2014 and 2016. But experts warn that the figures, collected by the Iranian and Kurdish Women's Rights Organisation under the Freedom of Information Act, are just the tip of the iceberg. Over the same three-year period, one national helpline run by another NGO Karma Nirvana received 22,030 calls from individuals or agencies concerned about a forced marriage. In 2017, the...more
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Immigrant groups from the Middle East and North Africa, and Romanian Roma often performed forced marriages. If they occur within families, they can be difficult to identify and prosecute" (14).
Sept. 6, 2018, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In rural Sindh, Hindu girls and women are sometimes forced by local landlords and petty thugs to ‘convert’ to Islam and get married (pretty much a euphemism for kidnapping and rape)" (para 1). "In both cases, the rights of the girls and women get trampled on by families, by authorities and by criminals. In [this] instance, criminals use physical force and intimidation to harm vulnerable minorities and under-aged children" (para 3)
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs suggested reports of early forced marriage in the country were not yet at the level of serious concern when compared to the problems of rape, domestic violence, and premature pregnancy among teens. Nonetheless, NGOs noted early forced marriage between student teens who become pregnant, a practice to 'save face' and protect the baby’s legal status, appeared to be increasing as the country’s teenage pregnancy rate also increased" (40).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"It also expresses concern at the persistence of harmful practices based on discriminatory social attitudes, in particular in rural and remote areas, such as female genital mutilation among Muslim communities in the southern border provinces and bride kidnapping" (5). "The Committee expresses further concern that harmful practices such as child and/or forced marriages and polygamy continue to take place, in particular in rural and remote areas" (14).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In June a man was sentenced to 16 years in prison for making a 25-year-old woman marry him under duress, the first ever to be jailed under the forced marriage laws introduced in 2014. The same month, Respond, a UK-based charity supporting persons with learning disabilities affected by trauma and abuse, launched My Life, My Marriage, a project aimed at challenging the practice of forcing marriage on persons with learning disabilities" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Despite legal prohibitions, families primarily among the rural population continued to force girls to marry. Families gave young women to other families in marriage to avenge spirits, as compensatory payment in interfamily disputes, or when promised to others--to provide economic protection for the family. Some families sold their daughters as brides in exchange for food, and younger daughters at times married their deceased older sister’s husband as a 'replacement' bride. An NGO study published in March 2014 found that because of the cultural emphasis placed on virginity, any loss of virginity--real or perceived, consensual or forced--could result in marriage, including early or forced marriage. In some instances family members forced...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Other human rights problems included...violence against women, forced marriages…" (1). "According to police statistics, three individuals were victims of forced marriage in 2014. This was in contrast to local media reports, which estimated there were 250 victims of forced marriage each year. A 2012 University of Neuchatel study estimated that 1,400 women were victims of forced marriages or unwanted relationships between 2010 and 2012. The Federal Coordination Unit against Forced Marriages implemented a nationwide program aimed at combating forced marriages for the period 2013-17. One NGO working with victims of forced marriage assisted on average five victims each week" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Social, economic, and cultural values promoted the practice of early and forced marriages, especially common in the Dalit and Madhesi communities" (33). "Resistance to intercaste marriage sometimes resulted in ostracism or forced expulsion from the community, according to media reports and NGOs advocating for Dalit rights" (37).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"'Kupimbira,' a practice that allows a poor family to receive a loan or livestock in exchange for daughters of any age, existed in some areas" (16). Although this is not necessarily a sale for marriage, it may include such transactions as well (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"According to a 2013 report by the UN special rapporteur, the practice of 'moletry,' in which girls are married off at a younger age in exchange for oxen received as a dowry, continued" (19). "The UN special rapporteur also criticized the practice of 'valifofo,' or arranged marriage. She noted in places like Ihorombe, in the Bara community, when a girl reaches age 10, she is separated from other family members and may receive male visitors without obtaining approval from her male relatives. In the Bara community, the parents betroth a girl at birth, and the parents receive 10 oxen. The man may take the girl at age seven or ask...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The government recognizes sharia (Islamic law) as the law regulating family and civil concerns of the Muslim minority of Thrace. Muslims married by a government-appointed mufti are subject to sharia family law. Members of the Muslim minority also have the right to civil marriage and to take cases to civil court" (7).
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Women face stigmatization by family and community members when reporting certain crimes, in particular conflict-related sexual and gender-based violence and harmful practices, including forced and early marriage, sexual slavery, rape and torture" (page 4). "The Committee expresses concern that harmful practices, such as child and forced marriage, polygamy, female genital mutilation and other forms of excision, humiliating and degrading widowhood practices, force-feeding, levirate and sororate, remain prevalent and unpunished in the State party" (page 6).
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is also concerned at: . . . The lack of data on child marriage and other harmful practices in the State party" (page 7).