The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-1

June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The age of legal marriage for men and women is 18 years, although a judge may permit a person to marry younger when the judge or family deemed the marriage was in the minor’s interest. Child marriage occurred in rural communities as a traditional practice" (Pg 17).
June 17, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Campaigners argue Saudi Arabia profoundly discriminates against women – with women’s marital rights being effectively non-existent and marital rape not explicitly defined as a crime" (para 15).
June 14, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Large-scale abductions by the group continued. According to nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), between November 2014 and February, Boko Haram abducted more than 500 women and 1,000 children from one local government area in Borno State alone. The group subjected many abducted women and girls to sexual and gender-based violence, including forced marriages and rape" (Pg 2). "Women and girls abducted by Boko Haram were subjected to physical and psychological abuse; forced labor; forced marriage; forced religious conversions; forced participation in military operations; and sexual abuse, including rape" (Pg 17).
June 13, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In April 2016 the government adopted a national action plan to end child marriage. The action plan sets a five-year goal of reducing child marriage rates by 40 percent with an ultimate target to build “a Zambia free from child marriage by 2030.” During the year implementation of the strategy focused on girls remaining in school and promoting the prohibition by village chiefs of child marriage in customary law and practice" (p. 19).
June 13, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, PRN-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Violence against girls and women--including defilement, rape, marriages of girls under age 18, and prostitution--was a major problem affecting female asylum seekers and refugees in camps and among those residing independently, especially in urban areas. Gender inequality, economic dependence on men, and impunity of perpetrators were among the factors contributing to abuse" (p. 13).
June 12, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-2, MABFC-DATA-1

"The law allows a girl deemed to be “sufficiently mature” to marry at 15. Some families entered into marriage agreements under which rural girls 12 or even younger were sent to their husband’s families to be under the “supervision” of their mothers-in-law. According to UN Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA), 28 percent of women ages 20-24 married before age 15 and 76 percent married before age 18. According to the 2012 DHS, 36 percent of women 20-24 years old were first married or in union before they were 15 years old. Prevalence of child marriage was highest in the south, in the Diffa, Zinder, Maradi, and Tahoua regions. The Ministry...more
June 11, 2019, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The law prohibits civil marriages before age 18 for both boys and girls. The Child Care and Protection Act prohibits customary marriage before age 18, but it did occur" (Pg 16).
June 11, 2019, 9:13 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1

"The minimum legal age for marriage is 18 in most cases, but persons as young as 16 may marry with the consent of a court if it finds them mentally and physically fit for marriage. Child marriage was a serious problem, particularly in the Romani and Balkan Egyptian communities. According to a survey by the NGO Center for Roma Initiatives, 70 per cent of the Romani population aged 12-18 entered into arranged marriages. Authorities considered such common law marriages illegal. Punishment for arranging forced marriages ranges from six months to five years in prison. Romani NGOs claimed that families paid dowries of 4,000 to 15,000 euros ($4,400 to $16,500) for...more
June 10, 2019, 6:59 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"An unprecedented number of Iranian girls have been forced into marriage in Iran over the past year, according to a report. While exact statistics are difficult to come by in the closed country, Iranian agencies reportedly documented that at least 36,000 girls below 18 wed – with the vast majority taking place in the northeastern Zanjan Province, according to Radio Farda" (para 1-2).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Cultural pressure to marry, especially if a girl or woman becomes pregnant, was strong. Underage couples cannot officially marry, but are often married de facto once they have children together. Forced marriage rarely occurred, although reports indicated that social pressure sometimes encouraged victims of rape to marry their attacker or persons to enter into an arranged marriage where a bride price was paid" (p. 15).
June 10, 2019, 3:12 a.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"According to the latest available data in Kyrgyzstan, 13.8 percent of women aged under 24 married through some forms of coercion,' the statement reads. 'Practices such as bride kidnapping, forced marriage or Ala-Kachuu do not belong to the culture and tradition of Kyrgyzstan but are a violation of the rights of vulnerable people'" (para 14). "The statement goes on to note that Kyrgyzstan 'has taken significant steps to strengthen its laws such as the prohibition to perform child religious marriages' but comments that 'more work needs to be done in the prevention and prosecution of perpetrators as well as ensuring the protection of victims.' Laws on the books mean nothing...more
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reported instances of forced marriage as an alternative to a potential honor killing during the year, although NGOs noted that many cases of forced marriage occurred shortly after an accusation of rape due to family and societal pressure before any formal trial began" (31). "With the consent of both a judge and a guardian, a child as young as 15 years old may be married" (34).
June 7, 2019, 11:46 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Violence against women – murder, beating, mutilation, child marriage; giving away girls for dispute resolution (baad) and other harmful practices – remain widespread throughout Afghanistan, notwithstanding the Government’s concrete efforts to criminalise these practices2 and establish measures for accountability" (Pg 5). "Survivor statements indicate that traditional dispute resolution mechanisms are seen as offering families and survivors an easily accessible and quick system of informal and unregulated justice. However, UNAMA reiterates that such a system often leads to abuses of women’s rights. These rights include the right to freely choose a partner, the right to health and physical integrity, and the rights enshrined in the Child Rights Convention in relation to...more
June 7, 2019, 8 a.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Forced or early marriages were not reported to be problems" (p. 12).
June 5, 2019, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Kidnapping women for marriage occurred in remote areas and ethnic minority communities but was very rare. Police rarely took action in these cases, because there was usually no way to distinguish whether the event was a kidnapping or an arranged elopement" (33). "Child marriages reportedly occurred more frequently among certain ethnic and religious groups" (35).
June 4, 2019, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"A more targeted and effective measure for the protection against forced marriage was the creation of a protection centre in Vienna in 2013 for girls and young women who are victims or at risk of forced marriage. This publicly funded emergency shelter offers shelter in a safe apartment with a secret address as well as 24-hour support and comprehensive counselling in multiple languages" (31).
June 4, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"On June 16, the government, in partnership with UNICEF, launched a nationwide “Zero Tolerance for Child Marriage” campaign to change social norms and create a protective environment for children and their communities" (p. 16).
June 4, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Early and forced marriage included barter marriage and marriage by abduction, in which the groom traditionally abducts and rapes his prospective child bride. The practice was widespread in rural areas, despite government and NGO efforts to end it through information sessions on the rights of women and children" (p. 16).
June 3, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Early and forced marriage is common in southern Sudan. Traditionally, a girl is considered ready for marriage as soon as she reaches puberty. Economic hardship is a primary cause of early marriage. Since the bride’s family customarily receives a substantial bride-price (e.g. cattle) from the groom’s family, there is strong pressure to marry off a family’s girls, especially to pay for their boys’ marriages. According to a participatory study conducted by Save the Children, many girls expressed their feat of getting married early, without the possibility to choose their husband, and in particular the risk of missing out of education. The cultural and social acceptance and expectations of early marriages,...more
June 3, 2019, 10:48 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In Pakistan, most traditional marriages are arranged by the families, and the ability for a boy or a girl to openly get to know and choose their partner seldom occurs. In the process of such marriages being arranged by family members, safeguards in the law are often overlooked and minimum age of marriage and need for mutual consent are not guaranteed, resulting in a forced marriage...Historically, however, the State has done very little to ensure that marriages are consensual and in many instances the age of a girl will be changed on her marriage certificate in order to avoid questions over her being underage. The ability of individuals to bypass...more
June 3, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"Under Nigerian civil law, forced marriage is illegal, and can carry a jail term of seven years. In addition, Nigeria's Marriage Act requires the parent or guardian's consent if either party to an intended marriage is under the age of 21.106 The country's National Policy on Population also discourages parents from arranging marriages for girls under 18 years of age. According to Country Reports 2004, however, the Nigerian government 'did not undertake any significant measures to stop customary practices harmful to children, such as the sale of young girls into marriage'" (Pg 29).
June 3, 2019, 9:31 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The leader of the Islamic revolution, Ayatollah Khomeini, whose vision and words inspired the post-1979 Republic, has clearly written that sexual experiences, excluding intercourse, are permitted with girls of all ages. He stated: 'Anyone who has a wife less than nine years of age is not allowed to engage in sexual intercourse, whether she is his permanent or temporary wife. However, other forms of sexual pleasures are permitted, such as touching with lust, hugging, and rubbing penis between the buttocks and thighs; even if she is a nursing baby.' Three years after the establishment of the Islamic Republic in 1982, the legal age for marriage was lowered from 18 to...more
May 30, 2019, 2:18 a.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"According to the latest available data in Kyrgyzstan, 13,8 per cent of women aged under 24 married through some forms of coercion" (para 2).
May 29, 2019, 6:43 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-2

"There were 10 crisis centers for youth, with a combined capacity to accommodate 86 children. The government allowed children to stay at these centers until they reached the age of 21, if they were still in school" (p. 13)
May 28, 2019, 9:34 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee remains concerned at the increasing prevalence of violence against women in the northern Caucasus, as well as of harmful practices, such as child and/or forced marriage, abduction of women and girls for forced marriage, crimes in the name of so-called honour, female genital mutilation and polygamy, notwithstanding the criminalization of such practices by federal law" (6).
May 28, 2019, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, MURDER-SCALE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee further welcomes various measures taken, including legislative amendments, to combat harmful practices, including forced and child marriage, female genital mutilation and crimes in the name of so-called honour" (7).
May 28, 2019, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In March the government introduced an action plan for 2017-20 to combat “negative social control” (restricting children’s freedom to living within family or group norms), forced marriage, and female genital mutilation" (p. 11).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Early and forced marriage was a significant, widespread problem" (40). "Prior to the outbreak of conflict, observers reported the practice of foreigners visiting the country to enter short-term marriages with underage girls" (41).
May 27, 2019, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to combat discriminatory gender stereotypes and harmful practices such as female genital mutilation and crimes in the name of so-called honour, as well as the adoption of the Forced Marriages (Countermeasures) Act, which entered into force in December 2015. Nevertheless, the Committee notes with concern that: (...) (d) Women and girls continue to be at risk of female genital mutilation, forced marriage and crimes in the name of so-called honour" (6). "The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to address the phenomenon of marital captivity in the State party" (13). "The lack of information about whether judges are trained to enforce the law...more
May 25, 2019, 3:39 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The legal age for marriage under Afghan Law is 16 for girls and 18 for boys. A girl who is 15 years of age can be married with the consent of her father or a court of law,65 but under no circumstances may a girl under the age of 15 be married. Under the Law on the Elimination of Violence Against Women (EVAW, a national Afghan law), both forced and underage marriage are illegal and parents, relatives, or others who arrange forced or underage marriages are subject to prosecution and imprisonment. Underage marriage is prohibited by the EVAW law and is punishable by two to five years of imprisonment. Forced...more