The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-1

July 18, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"'Kupimbira,' a practice that allows a poor family to receive a loan or livestock in exchange for daughters of any age, existed in some areas" (16). Although this is not necessarily a sale for marriage, it may include such transactions as well (AA-CODER COMMENT).
July 17, 2018, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Social, economic, and cultural values promoted the practice of early and forced marriages, especially common in the Dalit and Madhesi communities" (33). "Resistance to intercaste marriage sometimes resulted in ostracism or forced expulsion from the community, according to media reports and NGOs advocating for Dalit rights" (37).
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The high prevalence of harmful practices, including child and/or forced marriage" (page 5).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Government considers that continuing to focus on education and building relationships of trust with migrant communities is the most effective way to reduce the risk of forced and underage marriage . . . While to date, no instances of forced marriage have been confirmed, OEC works with ethnic leaders and community stakeholders to provide advice about New Zealand’s legal and human rights framework; raise awareness and normalize the conversation about family violence (including forced marriage); increase the capabilities of service providers to respond; and develop prevention and education initiatives that can be driven by communities. New Zealand Police has updated its manual to provide guidance on responding appropriately to any...more
June 25, 2018, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Other human rights problems included...violence against women, forced marriages…" (1). "According to police statistics, three individuals were victims of forced marriage in 2014. This was in contrast to local media reports, which estimated there were 250 victims of forced marriage each year. A 2012 University of Neuchatel study estimated that 1,400 women were victims of forced marriages or unwanted relationships between 2010 and 2012. The Federal Coordination Unit against Forced Marriages implemented a nationwide program aimed at combating forced marriages for the period 2013-17. One NGO working with victims of forced marriage assisted on average five victims each week" (16).
June 21, 2018, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"It also expresses concern at the persistence of harmful practices based on discriminatory social attitudes, in particular in rural and remote areas, such as female genital mutilation among Muslim communities in the southern border provinces and bride kidnapping" (5). "The Committee expresses further concern that harmful practices such as child and/or forced marriages and polygamy continue to take place, in particular in rural and remote areas" (14).
June 16, 2018, 2:29 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"A mother has been convicted of duping her teenage daughter to go to Pakistan and forcing her to marry, in the first successful prosecution of its type. The woman was found guilty following a trial at Birmingham Crown Court, where a jury heard how the victim had sobbed as she was married to a male relative 16 years her senior. Years earlier, the man had taken the girl's virginity after a marriage contract was entered into against the girl's will. The then 13-year-old had to undergo an abortion on returning to the UK, with her GP reporting his concerns to social services" (para 1-4). "It is the first time a...more
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee...remains concerned, however, about... harmful practices, such as child and forced marriage" (5)
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is furthermore concerned about: . . . (c) Forced marriages of refugee women and girls to Syrian and Turkish men, often in polygamous marriages, for socioeconomic reasons or protection purposes" (page 3-4). "The Committee is concerned about: (a) The ongoing practice, especially in rural and remote areas, of giving girls as brides to settle blood feuds, and the continued payment of 'bride prices' in certain regions; (b) Reported cases of girls who have been raped or harassed being forced to marry their perpetrators in the name of preserving so-called family 'honour'; (c) The significant number of child marriages, especially in deprived rural areas, their wide acceptance in society...more
June 5, 2018, 6:03 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The government recognizes sharia (Islamic law) as the law regulating family and civil concerns of the Muslim minority of Thrace. Muslims married by a government-appointed mufti are subject to sharia family law. Members of the Muslim minority also have the right to civil marriage and to take cases to civil court" (7).
June 3, 2018, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-1

"Widows are often rejected as immoral or regarded as burdens: they suffer violence, expulsion, ostracism and sometimes forced remarriage, often with a brother-in-law, as reported by the UN Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) in a rare study published in 2014," (1).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In some parts of the North Caucasus, women continued to face bride kidnapping, polygamy, forced marriage (including child marriage), legal discrimination, and enforced adherence to Islamic dress codes," (54). "NGOs reported that, while the overwhelming majority of bride kidnappings were not voluntary, women in the North Caucasus sometimes agreed to be abducted to avoid an arranged marriage, often to an older man or to a man with multiple wives," (54).
May 31, 2018, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep, Chad, Niger
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"This is crucial work since in sub-Saharan Africa, 40% of women are married as children, according to UNICEF. These girls are married off before they are physically or emotionally mature enough to become wives or mothers. Child marriage is an issue which affects girls in almost every country on the continent to a greater or lesser extent -- ten of the fifteen countries worldwide with the highest rates of child marriage are in Africa. In Niger, for example, as many as 76% of girls are married before they reach the age of 18; in Chad and the Central African Republic, it is 68%" (para 4).more
May 30, 2018, 8:27 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"According to Noura Hussein’s lawyer, Mouwya Kheder, his client was offered marriage three years ago when she was only 16, and she rejected the proposal. Her family forced her into the marriage, and they signed the marital contract against her will, The lawyer told 7Dnews that his client had refused to complete the marriage ceremony. She ran away from her family home south of Khartoum to the house of one of her relatives in Sennar region. Three years later, her late husband called her saying that he had given up on the marriage, and she could return home. She was shocked when she returned home to find that her family...more
May 15, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LRW-DATA-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"While commending the State party for its efforts to combat violent extremism and the terrorist insurgency by Boko Haram and in rescuing more than 100 abducted girls, the Committee remains concerned that: A significant number of girls who were abducted by Boko Haram from Chibok and Damasak in Borno State in April and November 2014, respectively, have not been rescued and continue to be subjected to rape, sexual slavery, forced marriage and impregnation by insurgents" (5).
May 13, 2018, 7:41 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, GP-DATA-3, DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The Ministry of Women’s Affairs, as well as nongovernmental entities, sometimes arranged marriages for women who could not return to their families. Police units charged with addressing violence against women, children, and families, included female officers. Although trained to help victims of domestic violence, the officers were hindered by instructions to wait for victims to take the initiative and reach out to them" (para 36).
May 13, 2018, 6:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The EVAW law criminalizes violence against women, including rape, battery, or beating; forced marriage; humiliation; intimidation; and deprivation of inheritance, although its implementation remained limited. The law provides for a sentence of 16 to 20 years’ imprisonment for rape. If the act results in the death of the victim, the law provides for a death sentence for the perpetrator. The law provides for imprisonment of up to seven years for the “violation of chastity of a woman...that does not result in adultery (such as sexual touching).” Under the law, rape does not include spousal rape. The law was not widely understood, and some in the public and the religious communities...more
May 5, 2018, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the criminalization of child and/or forced marriage. It is concerned, however, about the inadequate response by the State party with respect to the prevention, prosecution and punishment of such offences, especially among the Roma population, and about the allegedly lenient approach of the social work centres in enforcing the prohibition. The Committee is also concerned about the inappropriate redress mechanisms available for victims of child and/or forced marriage, as well as the lack of data on the extent of that phenomenon" (13).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Child, early and forced marriage is a serious human rights abuse that occurs both overseas and in Australia. This complex and challenging issue requires the collective efforts of governments, lawmakers, judicial authorities, law enforcement officials, community and religious leaders and other stakeholders" (Pg 22).
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Almost one in five women aged 20-29 were married before the age of 18" (para 16).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to combat discriminatory gender stereotypes and harmful practices by launching awareness-raising campaigns, but remains concerned that such stereotypes and practices remain prevalent. The Committee is particularly concerned about the persistence of such harmful practices as child marriage, families choosing husbands and the payment of a bride price or dowry, which remain prevalent in rural and remote areas and among minority communities. It also notes with concern the re-emergence of concepts of justice (kanun) and codes of conduct that condone killings of women and girls in the name of so-called 'honour'" (Pg 5). "The Committee is seriously concerned about the practice of child marriage,...more
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Girls continue to be subjected to forced/early marriages. According to 2011 statistics, 1,164 and 266 girls were victims of, respectively, forced and early marriage. The prevalence of early marriage, 70 per cent overall, attains 77.3 per cent among rural girls. According to 2010-2013 statistics, 565 girls enrolled in school were victims of forced marriage" (16). "Forced marriage is prohibited under article 376 of the Criminal Code. However, it is hard to enforce that provision because the Personal and Family Code provides a rigorous definition of marriage that does not cover traditional or religious weddings, while most forced/early weddings are traditional. It is therefore recommended that the prohibition should refer to...more
April 10, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

" The Committee is particularly concerned about the de jure maintenance of male guardianship for women and girls, the impossibility for an Emirati woman to sign her own marriage contract" (pg 11).
April 7, 2018, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned at the persistence of deep-rooted patriarchal attitudes and stereotypes concerning women’s roles and responsibilities that discriminate against women and perpetuate their subordination within the family and society and that, among other things, are reflected in women’s academic and professional choices, their limited participation in political and public life and their unequal position in the labour market and in marriage and family relations. The Committee recalls that such stereotypes are also root causes of violence against women and is deeply concerned at the high prevalence of harmful practices that discriminate against women, such as child marriage and polygamy and female genital mutilation and circumcision" (Pg 5).more
April 7, 2018, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The government of Afghanistan has failed to meet its obligations under Article 101 of the CEDAW because: it has failed to protect female Afghani school children from gender motivated violence; early forced marriage makes it impossible for many Afghani women to pursue education; and the lack of female teachers makes meeting the needs of Afghani women impossible due to the historic, cultural rules regarding intermingling of the genders" (Pg 6). "Afghanistan’s government has violated Article 1650 of the CEDAW, which mandates the right to freely choose a spouse and bans the betrothal of children, by allowing the continued practice of forced marriage of young girls. In doing so, the government...more
April 5, 2018, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that the multiplicity of personal status laws in the State party, on account of its religious diversity, is resulting in discrimination against women within their own sects, and inequality between women belonging to different sects in key aspects of their lives, including marriage, divorce and custody of children. The Committee is concerned that the process to regulate civil marriage in the State party has stalled and regrets the absence of an optional civil personal status law despite increasing demands from sectors of civil society" (pg 12).
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the national Roma inclusion strategy (2013-2020) and is concerned that Roma women, especially those living in rural areas, face social exclusion and lack access to education, health, employment and housing. It is particularly concerned about the high school dropout rates among Roma girls owing to child and/or forced marriage. . . . The Committee recommends that the State party increase its efforts, including within the framework of the national Roma inclusion strategy for the period 2013-2020, to ensure access to adequate housing and basic services for Roma women, including access to education, health and employment. The Committee also recommends that the State party take measures to prevent...more
April 4, 2018, 11:21 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Sabiha, who is now 35 years old was pressured to marry a 70-year-old man with three children, some of them her same age and who treat her badly" (para 3).
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5

"The Committee notes the State party’s awareness-raising activities aimed at eliminating discriminatory stereotypes and harmful practices, but is concerned that gender stereotypes and adverse cultural norms, as well as harmful practices such as bride price (barlake), child and/or forced marriage and polygamy, are still prevalent in the State party" (5).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee reiterates its concern at the persistence of discriminatory stereotypes concerning the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family, such as the concept of 'the head of the household', which assigns this role to men, and the perpetuation of 'the father’s name and estate' through male heirs. The Committee notes efforts undertaken under the guidance of the Ministry of Justice with various stakeholders, the signing of road maps and the drafting of plans of action to address some harmful practices. The Committee is deeply concerned, however, about the persistence of harmful practices such as child and/or forced marriage, the sale of wives, girl...more