The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, LRCM-DATA-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-4, GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office. Women and girls are inadequately protected against domestic and other violence, including early and forced marriage and marital rape"(para 17)
Sept. 1, 2017, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

“The penal code also allows rapists to escape prosecution if they marry their victims, leading to horrifying cases of abuse, particularly in conservative country areas where families pressure girls to marry their attackers to avoid the social opprobrium and reduced marriage prospects for those known to no longer be virgins” (para 20). “The Voice of the Amazigh Woman cites the 2012 case of a 16 year-old girl Amina Filali, who drank rat poison and died after being forced to marry and live for several months with the man who raped her” (para 21).
Sept. 1, 2017, 11:24 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

“According to police, the 15-member jirga [traditional assembly of elders] had ordered the girl, named as Amber, to be killed and set alight as punishment for helping her friend to marry of her own free will” (para 5).
Aug. 31, 2017, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"With 37% of girls married before the age of 18, and 12.5% before the age of 15, the country has the second highest rate of child marriage in Latin America" (para 1). "Child marriage usually happens outside of the law as 'informal unions'. Civil or religious marriages are seen as costly and cumbersome, and it is common for girls to move in to adult men’s homes and become their wives. These informal unions are not only more difficult to report, but they also leave girls vulnerable to abuse and with little legal protection against their husbands" (para 3-4). "Finally, families and girls themselves reported seeing marriage as an 'exit strategy', ...more
Aug. 31, 2017, 9:34 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Allegations of forced marriages have increased more than 600 percent since it was criminalised in 2013. Australian Federal Police figures show there were 69 claims of forced marriage in Australia in 2015/16 - compared to 33 in 2014/15 and 11 in the previous pariod" (para 1-2). "It comes as a record number of Victorian schoolgirls are forced into arranged marriages with older men, with daughters from that state making up one-third of investigations. Young girls are often sent overseas to be married while some are forced into matrimony in illegal ceremonies. The state government said it was looking at ways to better protect women and girls from forced marriages in ...more
Aug. 30, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"One day she’s a child. The next - she’s a wife. That’s the reality for one in three girls in Bangladesh" (1). This is a quote from the narrator at :08 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "But today is her last day of childhood. Tomorrow, Beezly is marrying an older man she’s only met once. Her groom is 25. Beezly is just 13" (1). This is a quote from the narrator at 1:53 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "I didn’t want this wedding. I agreed on one condition – that I would continue my studies after the marriage. They are marrying me off forcefully" (1). This is a quote at 2:11 from ...more
Aug. 25, 2017, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: CWC-DATA-4, MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1

“German authorities say that at least 361 migrants aged under 14 are registered as married" (para 1). “A government response to Green Party lawmakers, stated that a total of 1,475 foreigners under 18 in Germany are officially registered as married — mostly girls. They include 664 Syrians, 157 Afghans and 100 Iraqis. Some 120 were aged 14 or 15, while 994 were 16 or older” (para 5-7).
Aug. 23, 2017, 9:29 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

“” (para 3-4). “Parents worry about the shame, and financial burden, that an unwanted pregnancy brings to the family. In many cases, girls are made to marry the men who got them pregnant, whether they want to or not” (para 9).
Aug. 15, 2017, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"[Joan] Siyuama is among many Maasai girls who are bucking a tradition that has disfigured millions of their ancestors. For the Maasai community, traditional culture permeates every aspect of daily life. Until recently, that culture dictated that elders must remove a girl’s labia and much of her clitoris before she could marry. But with the help of a generation of activists campaigning against female genital mutilation and early forced marriages, traditional African communities like this one have accepted an alternative ceremony. As a result, fewer girls are being married off as teenagers, and more are going to school"(para 3)."According to the 2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, female genital mutilation ...more
Aug. 11, 2017, 10:32 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"'I have voluntary (elope) marriage at the age of 15 years. Though I did love marriage, who love forever like these days. Now, I am doing all chores'"(para 9). This statement was made by Magi Chadara, age 17 (ENB-Coder Comment)
Aug. 10, 2017, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"A big number of these children mainly girls are married in their innocent age even 7 years old. In 2001, estimated 37 percent women were reported to married below 18 years of age, the percentage is still feared to be the same after 12 years of the lapse" (5). "In 2012, 75 cases of child marriage were reported by different media agencies; of these total cases, 43 per cent children were from 11 to 15 years old and 32 per cent from the age group 6 to 10 years of age. In 2008-2009, 24228 children of age group 10-14 were reported married and 1029784 children of age group 15-19 were ...more
Aug. 9, 2017, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"14 January 2015:The number of Iranian girls who got married between the ages of 10 and 14 reached its highest level in the year 1392 (2013-2014) after the country saw a continuous growth in under-age marriages during the previous five years" (para 1).
Aug. 7, 2017, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"As many as 850 leaders of churches and mosques, including imam, priests, monks, and pastoral workers are expected to attend preparation courses that will allow them to engage more effectively and lead the fight against 'genital mutilation, early marriage, kidnapping and sexual abuse'" (para 5).
Aug. 5, 2017, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Women may also be forced to marry their 'abductors' or men who have raped them" (16). "Among the Hazaras of Central Afghanistan, adultery between a married man and a married woman may be resolved in an alternative way. Here 'the husband of the accused woman is entitled to get a divorce and the guilty man will be asked to marry the woman. The daughter or the sister of the perpetrator will be given in marriage to the divorced husband. If the perpetrator has no sister or daugther, he will be asked to pay for the marriage of the divorced husband to another woman.' 81 In other words, if we assume ...more
Aug. 3, 2017, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"Marriage of young girls by parental arrangement was common, particularly in rural areas, although the legal age for marriage is 18. COFCAWE (Concern for Children and Women Empowerment) reported that acute poverty forced some parents to give away their children, including girls as young as 14 years, into early marriage and sexual arrangements"
Aug. 3, 2017, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1

"The betrothal of children, by which is meant an agreement between the fathers for the marriage of their young children, is socially and legally unacceptable and is not practiced at all in Omani society, unless a girl below the age of 18 is reckoned to be a child. Omani law stipulates that 16 is the age of consent. (CEDAW State Party Report, July 2010)"
Aug. 1, 2017, 4:52 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The penalty for forced marriage between an adult and a child is a prison sentence of three months to two years and a fine of 150,000 CFA ($300) to 1,500,000 CFA ($3,000)"
Aug. 1, 2017, 11:57 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"Based on these considerations, the study will examine the ways in which the Brazilian penal and civil codes may affect the level of protection offered to young women and girls at risk of child marriage – and how loopholes in current provisions may de facto allow legal marriage of girls younger than the minimum age of marriage in Brazil (16 years old), under specific circumstances such as pregnancy" (3)
Aug. 1, 2017, 5:30 a.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Bride kidnapping is pretty much exclusively a Kyrgyz custom in Central Asia. The practice occurs a bit in southern Kazakhstan, but this is quite near the Kyrgyz border, and it also occurs a little in rural Turkmenistan. The custom does not occur at all in the other countries of Central Asia, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, which both border with Kyrgyzstan. The most recent scholarly studies find that about a third of ethnic Kyrgyz marriages result from nonconsensual bride kidnapping. I should caution that there are also merely ritual or symbolic kidnappings in Kyrgyzstan. The groom and bride are engaged, and the kidnapping is merely a game, along the lines of 'Honey, ...more
July 31, 2017, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Although the legal age of marriage in the country of Georgia in the Caucasus is 18, there is a long-standing tradition of girls marrying before then. The United Nations Population Fund has estimated that at least 17 percent of girls there get married before the age of 18. There are many reasons that these marriages still take place, including long-standing tradition, the will of the girl’s parents and even kidnapping by a suitor" (para 2). "Italian photographer Myriam Meloni, along with journalist Elena Ledda, took a journey to Georgia to meet some of these child brides. There, they encountered girls like Samaia, engaged at 16 to a man she had ...more
July 28, 2017, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"A girl’s consent may be heavily influenced by the parents or third parties because, contrary to the Constitution which established 18 as the minimum legal age for both sexes, Article 133 of the Civil Code sets the minimum age required for marriage at 18 for boys and 15 for girls. (CEDAW: State Party Report, July 2008)"
July 28, 2017, 2:03 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The DSW, CHRAJ and WAJU protect children under eighteen (18) years from forced marriage. In cases where juveniles are forced to marry, action is instituted at the Court and the parents of the juvenile together with the would-be-husband are restrained from executing the marriage. (CRC: State Party Report, July 2005)"
July 28, 2017, 8:31 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Pakistan has outlawed child marriage and toughened penalties for those guilty of the crime in an effort to crack down on the practice which is estimated to affect one in five girls in the country" (para 1). "'The punishment has been made harsher in the law ... in order to completely curb the social maladies which have risen because of the less stringent punishment and fines,' Federal Law and Human Rights Minister Zahid Hamid told Thomson Reuters Foundation by telephone" (para 5). "According to the U.N. children's agency UNICEF, around 21 percent of girls in Pakistan are married before the age of 18" (para 6). "Social and gender inequality, a ...more
July 26, 2017, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Early marriages are one of the bleeding scars in a lot of regions of Turkey particularly in East and Southeast Anatolia. The country has one of the highest rates in Europe with an estimated 15 percent of girls married before the age of 18" (para 2). "The Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat) recently released a Family Structure Survey stating that in 2016 17.9 of all first marriages took place before the bride had turned 18. This is almost every fifth wedding. Other experts estimate the number to be even higher with one third of all marriages being child marriages and one third of women getting married under the age of 18. ...more
July 19, 2017, 12:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"IBTimes UK visited a school in the Changara District, in Mozambique's Tete province, where teachers are using theatre to educate pupils on topics such as child marriage. Although the Mozambican government has outlawed it, the phenomenon is still widespread across the country due to poverty, inability to access education and cultural practices" (para 1). "In Mozambique, the legal age of marriage is 18, or 16 with parental consent. But the UN International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) estimated in 2016 that around one in two girls is married before her 18th birthday" (para 2). "Anabela Arnaldo, a first grade teacher at the school in Chengara, believes that theatre is a powerful ...more
July 18, 2017, 11:01 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Female clerics on Thursday issued an unprecedented fatwa against child marriage in Indonesia in a bid to stop young girls becoming brides in the world's most populous Muslim country. The fatwa - which is influential among Muslims but not legally binding - came at the end of an extraordinary three-day conference of female Islamic clerics: a rare example of women assuming a lead role in religious affairs in this mostly-Muslim country" (para 1-2). "Indonesia has one of the worst records for under-age marriage - its high number of child brides puts it among the top 10 countries worldwide - and it is common for girls to marry before they turn ...more
July 15, 2017, 10:32 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

According to Table 1, 15% of women were married before age 15. 55% were married before age 18 (1)
July 15, 2017, 10:32 a.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

According to Table 1, 13% of women were married before age 15. 38% of women were married before age 18 (1)
July 15, 2017, 10:32 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

According to Table 1, 14% of women were married before age 15. 34% of women were married before age 18 (1)
July 15, 2017, 10:32 a.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

According to Table 1, 28% of women were married before age 15. 76% of women were married before age 18 (1)