The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-1

April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to combat discriminatory gender stereotypes and harmful practices by launching awareness-raising campaigns, but remains concerned that such stereotypes and practices remain prevalent. The Committee is particularly concerned about the persistence of such harmful practices as child marriage, families choosing husbands and the payment of a bride price or dowry, which remain prevalent in rural and remote areas and among minority communities. It also notes with concern the re-emergence of concepts of justice (kanun) and codes of conduct that condone killings of women and girls in the name of so-called 'honour'" (Pg 5). "The Committee is seriously concerned about the practice of child marriage, ...more
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Girls continue to be subjected to forced/early marriages. According to 2011 statistics, 1,164 and 266 girls were victims of, respectively, forced and early marriage. The prevalence of early marriage, 70 per cent overall, attains 77.3 per cent among rural girls. According to 2010-2013 statistics, 565 girls enrolled in school were victims of forced marriage" (16). "Forced marriage is prohibited under article 376 of the Criminal Code. However, it is hard to enforce that provision because the Personal and Family Code provides a rigorous definition of marriage that does not cover traditional or religious weddings, while most forced/early weddings are traditional. It is therefore recommended that the prohibition should refer to ...more
April 10, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

" The Committee is particularly concerned about the de jure maintenance of male guardianship for women and girls, the impossibility for an Emirati woman to sign her own marriage contract" (pg 11).
April 7, 2018, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned at the persistence of deep-rooted patriarchal attitudes and stereotypes concerning women’s roles and responsibilities that discriminate against women and perpetuate their subordination within the family and society and that, among other things, are reflected in women’s academic and professional choices, their limited participation in political and public life and their unequal position in the labour market and in marriage and family relations. The Committee recalls that such stereotypes are also root causes of violence against women and is deeply concerned at the high prevalence of harmful practices that discriminate against women, such as child marriage and polygamy and female genital mutilation and circumcision" (Pg 5).more
April 7, 2018, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The government of Afghanistan has failed to meet its obligations under Article 101 of the CEDAW because: it has failed to protect female Afghani school children from gender motivated violence; early forced marriage makes it impossible for many Afghani women to pursue education; and the lack of female teachers makes meeting the needs of Afghani women impossible due to the historic, cultural rules regarding intermingling of the genders" (Pg 6). "Afghanistan’s government has violated Article 1650 of the CEDAW, which mandates the right to freely choose a spouse and bans the betrothal of children, by allowing the continued practice of forced marriage of young girls. In doing so, the government ...more
April 5, 2018, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that the multiplicity of personal status laws in the State party, on account of its religious diversity, is resulting in discrimination against women within their own sects, and inequality between women belonging to different sects in key aspects of their lives, including marriage, divorce and custody of children. The Committee is concerned that the process to regulate civil marriage in the State party has stalled and regrets the absence of an optional civil personal status law despite increasing demands from sectors of civil society" (pg 12).
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the national Roma inclusion strategy (2013-2020) and is concerned that Roma women, especially those living in rural areas, face social exclusion and lack access to education, health, employment and housing. It is particularly concerned about the high school dropout rates among Roma girls owing to child and/or forced marriage. . . . The Committee recommends that the State party increase its efforts, including within the framework of the national Roma inclusion strategy for the period 2013-2020, to ensure access to adequate housing and basic services for Roma women, including access to education, health and employment. The Committee also recommends that the State party take measures to prevent ...more
April 4, 2018, 11:21 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Sabiha, who is now 35 years old was pressured to marry a 70-year-old man with three children, some of them her same age and who treat her badly" (para 3).
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5

"The Committee notes the State party’s awareness-raising activities aimed at eliminating discriminatory stereotypes and harmful practices, but is concerned that gender stereotypes and adverse cultural norms, as well as harmful practices such as bride price (barlake), child and/or forced marriage and polygamy, are still prevalent in the State party" (5).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee reiterates its concern at the persistence of discriminatory stereotypes concerning the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family, such as the concept of 'the head of the household', which assigns this role to men, and the perpetuation of 'the father’s name and estate' through male heirs. The Committee notes efforts undertaken under the guidance of the Ministry of Justice with various stakeholders, the signing of road maps and the drafting of plans of action to address some harmful practices. The Committee is deeply concerned, however, about the persistence of harmful practices such as child and/or forced marriage, the sale of wives, girl ...more
March 30, 2018, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to address stereotypes and harmful practices by, among other things, issuing circulars banning certain practices that perpetuate discriminatory gender stereotypes. The Committee is, however, concerned at the persistence of adverse cultural practices and traditions, as well as patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family, which are perpetuated by secret tribal societies such as the Sande and the Poro. The Committee notes that such stereotypes contribute to the increase in child and/or forced marriage" (6).
March 28, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee remains concerned at the persistence of deep-rooted patriarchal attitudes and stereotypes concerning the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society, which discriminate against women and perpetuate their subordination within the family and society and which, among other things, are reflected in women’s educational and professional choices, their limited participation in political and public life, their unequal participation in the labour market and their unequal status in marriage and family relations. The Committee recalls that such stereotypes are also root causes of violence against women and expresses concern at the prevalence of harmful practices that discriminate against women, such as child and/or forced ...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, IW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is deeply concerned about the persistence of patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society. It also remains concerned about the very high prevalence of harmful practices, in particular female genital mutilation, child marriage, polygamy and levirate, and the fact that they are not prohibited by law. The Committee urges the State party: (a) To adopt legal provisions explicitly prohibiting harmful practices, such as polygamy, child marriage, female genital mutilation, levirate and unequal inheritance rights for women, provide for adequate sanctions and ensure the effective implementation of the provisions; (b) To expeditiously adopt a comprehensive strategy ...more
March 19, 2018, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"On the subject of Child Brides, Iran is speaking from a position of multiple violations, including […] Failure to provide and enforce what might be called ‘authentic consent’: that is, a marriage between two persons capable of consent to an economic contract with total rights—economic, legal, social, or physical—of the male party over the female. No girl under the age of nine in Iran can possibly be considered of the age of authentic consent. [...] Failure to forbid, monitor, and redress circumstances of forced marriages for girl children," (9-12). "It is, of course, not only international laws that Iran flouts in the context of their commitment to the exploitation of ...more
March 16, 2018, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The opposition says laws the AKP has ushered through, including one in November allowing Muslim clerics to conduct civil marriages, weaken women’s standing and encourage child brides" (para 31).
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of Law No. 99-05 of 29 January 1999 criminalizing female genital mutilation and of a second national action plan to accelerate the elimination female genital mutilation (2010-2015), as well as the measures taken to raise public awareness of harmful practices. It is concerned, however, at the persistence of adverse cultural norms, practices and traditions as well as patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles, responsibilities and identities of women and men in the family and society. It notes that stereotypes contribute to the persistence of violence against women as well as harmful practices, including female genital mutilation, levirate and sororate, child marriage, polygamy, repudiation, ...more
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"It is, however, concerned at the persistence of deeply rooted gender stereotypes, in addition to practices that are harmful to women, such as female genital mutilation, forced marriages, child marriages" (7). "It notes the interministerial module on HIV/AIDS, prevention of child marriage, early pregnancy and female genital mutilation, designed to be used for sensitizing children and adolescents in schools" (11).
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: DLB-DATA-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3

The Committee is concerned at the persistence of adverse cultural practices and traditions and patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society, especially those portraying women as caregivers. The Committee notes that such stereotypes contribute to an increase in the practices of child and/or forced marriage, abduction of girls and polygamy and hence to the disadvantaged and unequal status of women in society. The Committee urges the State party: (a) To intensify media and other efforts to educate the public and raise awareness about existing sex-based stereotypes that persist at all levels of society, with a view to ...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Human Rights Commission has also produced visual and printed materials designed to strengthen awareness of human rights, including the rights of women, in the period covered by the present report, including…The production of brief awareness-raising films on the prevention of woman from marrying" (28).
March 6, 2018, 4:58 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The government spends about Tk 23 billion annually in different projects to prevent child marriage…It said the money is spent through seven development programmes and 57 projects. Social safety-net programmes, secondary education for girls, adolescent health, community awareness and adolescent girls empowerment, legal framework are the key drivers for preventing child marriage in the country, it added" (para 1-3). "Reducing child marriage is one of the key national priorities for gender and inequality outlined in the '7th Five Year Plan' of Bnagladesh. The goverenmnt has a plan to reduce child marriage significantly by 2020" (para 5).
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Awareness sessions were also conducted at the behest of some partners. Thus, a documentary film about early and forced marriage was made with UNICEF support" (pg 25).
Feb. 26, 2018, 11:48 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The link between child marriage and early widowhood could never be starker. Almost all the women who attended a meeting at the International Widows Day on Friday at L.B. Stadium, were victims of child marriage and eventually loss of partner" (Para 1).
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"that early marriage has been on the decline and that the average age for marriage has increased. Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned that...the practice of child marriage persists owing to the use by judges of derogations from the legal minimum age of marriage of 18 years, especially in rural areas" (6). "The use of the sharia as an explanation for the lack of progress on family law reform and the continued application of discriminatory provisions in the Personal Status Law, in particular the requirement for a woman to obtain her guardian’s permission to marry" (17).
Feb. 14, 2018, 10:32 a.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"About half are married by age 18 — and sometimes as young as age 8" (para 8).
Feb. 13, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"New research by the Ford Foundation and Investigación en Salud y Demografía (INSAD) brings Mexico – a country with the 8th highest number of child brides in the world – into the spotlight" (para 1). "Nearly 1 in 4 girls (or 23%) are married or in a union before the age of 18, a rate that has been stagnant for almost 30 years. Living in rural area is a risk factor. In 14 of the 32 states, the report found that 30% of girls in rural settings were married before 18. Rates vary across regions and states with girls in rural areas, where up to 30% of girls are married ...more
Feb. 8, 2018, 8:34 a.m.
Countries: Lebanon, Turkey
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Early marriage is also being used as a means of refugees’ escaping poverty and violence in Lebanon and Turkey. The International Rescue Committee reported that child marriages have become more common among Syrian refugees and that adolescent girls are being forced to marry at younger ages, are exposed to more violence in the home and outside it and find it difficult to obtain health care and an education" (para 27).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The implementation of the various action plans in the area of men’s violence against women adopted by the Government since 2007 (at a cost of almost SEK 2 billion (ca EUR 200 million)) has resulted in a substantially higher level of ambition in work to prevent and combat men’s violence against women" (page 11) (Coder Comment: see footnote 1: “Action plan to stop and prevent young people being married against their will (Communication 2009/19:229) - ARR). "On 1 July 2014 several laws were amended to strengthen the protection against forced marriage and child marriage. For more information see article 16" (page 13). "Since the start of the century the Government ...more
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1

"The Committee [...] notes with concern [...] the extremely high rate of child marriage, with 92 percent of girls between 15 and 19 years in rural areas married before reaching the age of 18. Furthermore, the scope of article 376 of the Criminal Code prohibiting child and forced marriage is restricted to civil marriages and not those conducted pursuant to traditional or religious law, under which most child and forced marriages are administered, "(6).
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Early and/or child and forced marriages of refugee women and girls to Syrian and Jordanian men, often in polygamous marriages, for socioeconomic reasons or protection purposes" (Pg 3). "The continued application of discriminatory provisions contained in the Personal Status Act, in particular the permissibility of polygamy, the requirement for a woman to obtain her guardian’s permission to marry, notwithstanding her consent, and the restrictions on women’s freedom of movement and right to work and to divorce" (Pg 16). "The high number of girls, some as young as 15 years of age, who are married every year as a result of the extensive use of derogations from the minimum age of ...more
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs suggested reports of early forced marriage in the country were not yet at the level of serious concern when compared to the problems of rape, domestic violence, and premature pregnancy among teens. Nonetheless, NGOs noted early forced marriage between student teens who become pregnant, a practice to 'save face' and protect the baby’s legal status, appeared to be increasing as the country’s teenage pregnancy rate also increased" (40).