The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-1

Dec. 14, 2018, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

[Kachindamoto] was shocked when she saw girls as young as 12 with babies and teenaged husbands, and was soon ordering the people to give up their ways (para 7). "Last year, Malawi's parliament passed a law forbidding marriage before the age of 18. But under customary law of the traditional authorities, and the constitution, Malawian children can still marry with parental consent" (para 10). "Emilida Misomali is part of a mothers group in the village of Chimoya, in Dedza district. They warn parents about the long-term ills of early marriage and childbirth, but say it falls on deaf ears."Most of them say 'It's better that she gets married. We can't...more
Dec. 14, 2018, 5:46 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"A Malawian traditional leader has taken it upon herself to discourage the prevalence of child marriages within her constituency" (para 1). "Senior Chief Inkosi Kachindamoto annulled over 300 marriages, thereby applying the country’s new laws regarding child marriage. In April, President Peter Mutharika signed into a law a ban on child marriage, setting the minimum age requirement for marriage in the country at 18" (para 2). "'I have terminated 330 marriages of which 175 were girl-wives and 155 were boy-fathers, I wanted them to go to school and that has worked,' she told Nyasa Times, 'I don’t want youthful marriages, they must go to school…no child should be found loitering...more
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Marriage Act (1923), the Muslim Marriage and Divorce Act (1961), the Hindu Marriage Act (1945) and the Orisa Marriage Act (1999) allow for girls to be married at 12, 14 and 16 years of age, which causes them to drop out of school and exposes them to health risks, including maternal mortality owing to early pregnancy. . . the Children Act (2012), while raising the minimum age of sexual consent to 18 years and criminalizing contraventions, also introduced exemptions under the Marriage Act, the Muslim Marriage and Divorce Act, the Hindu Marriage Act and the Orisa Marriage Act, thereby legitimizing child marriage" (page 6).
Dec. 1, 2018, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"When Edna was just 15 years old and in grade 5 of primary school, she fell pregnant. To avoid the social stigma associated with having a pregnant daughter out of wedlock, as well as the burden of supporting an additional child, Edna's mother, Enifa, took her to her boyfriend's house to formalise their marriage. The boyfriend's family accepted responsibility, and Edna and her boyfriend started living as a married couple" (para 26, 27, 28). "Edna's dad, Adam, did not want his young daughter to get married. However, Mangochi is a matrilineal society and the mother and her family have more influence over the household and are the final decision makers....more
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Other media stories documented forced prostitution and brideselling among Syrian refugees" (page 45). "Early and forced marriage was particularly prevalent in the Southeast, and women’s rights activists reported the problem remained serious" (page 60).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:52 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

Case studies reveal trafficking for forced labor and forced marriage. Kachin women were captured in Burma and in China and trafficked to other provinces of China. When victims were able to call police, they were imprisoned for a few months before being sent to trafficking shelters, government offices, and/or given border passes to return home (page 34-36).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Dowry System: Dawei: In four townships of Tanintharyi Region (Tavoy/Dawei, Laung Lon, Thayetchaung and Yebyu townships). . . . Perception of wedded women as “property” that is “bought” for a dowry. As a result women have little say in who they marry and there is a perception that the man can do anything he wants to his wife including domestic violence. Source: Tavoyan Women’s Union (TWU)" (page 32). Case studies reveal trafficking for forced labor and forced marriage. Kachin women were captured in Burma and in China and trafficked to other provinces of China. When victims were able to call police, they were imprisoned for a few months before being...more
Nov. 9, 2018, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"A newly completed survey conducted by UNFPA, the American University of Beirut and Sawa for Development and Aid, found that there has been alarming rise of child marriage among Syrian refugee children" (para 2). "Before the Syrian conflict, child marriage would not have been a reality for Iman and her family, as it was a significantly less common practice. Some estimates show that child marriage rates are four times higher among Syrian refugees today than among Syrians before the crisis. This skyrocketing rate can be attributed to the terror, poverty and instability that the conflict has caused" (para 8).
Nov. 9, 2018, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"For those who fled to Lebanon, another obstacle to their welfare has emerged: the threat of child marriage" (para 1). "A newly completed survey conducted by UNFPA, the American University of Beirut and Sawa for Development and Aid, found that there has been alarming rise of child marriage among Syrian refugee children" (para 2). "Of the 2,400 girls surveyed in Western Bekaa, more than a third of them between the ages of 20 and 24 had been married before the age of 18. Meanwhile, of the refugee girls currently between the ages of 15 and 17, an astonishing 24% are married" (para 3). "Before the Syrian conflict, child marriage would...more
Nov. 7, 2018, 2:15 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Rajabbi Khurshed, 18, killed herself by drinking a lethal dose of vinegar 40 days after her wedding to 24-year-old Zafar Pirov, who she had never met before the arranged marriage" (para. 1) This shows the prevalence of arranged marriage and the challenges it has. JSM (coder comment).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Although prohibited by law, the practice of kidnapping women and girls for forced marriage continued in some remote areas . . . a typical bride kidnapper is not necessarily held criminally responsible for the act. Cases were typically not pursued, since families and victims usually did not file complaints or withdrew them and found ways to resolve the problem privately. Law enforcement agencies often advised abductees to sort their situation out themselves. According to civil society organizations, making a complaint to police could be a very bureaucratic process and often subjected families and victims to humiliation. If a complaint is filed, the government is obliged to take action on it...more
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Other major human rights problems included: . . . early and forced marriage" (page 1).
Oct. 25, 2018, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reliable statistics on forced marriage" (40).
Oct. 25, 2018, 3:09 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Sudan’s Personal Status Law for Muslims (1991) has come under huge criticism from civil society for legalising child marriage at the age of 10 and denying women consent in marriage. Reform efforts are hampered by the traditions of society and the views of religious leaders" (para 7). "Salah told 7Dnews that the proposed amendments include the criminalisation of forced marriage, and for a woman’s consent to be mandatory and that the minimum age for marriage should be identified as the age of maturity, although she said the age of maturity differs from person to person... The age of maturity remains unidentified according to Salah’s statement" (para 14-15). Suhair Ahmed Salah...more
Oct. 17, 2018, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, PW-LAW-1

"Under personal status laws that apply to Muslims, men can have four wives, while women cannot marry without a male guardian’s permission, unless they have previously married, or else they obtain court approval to marry without a male guardian’s permission or against their guardian’s wishes" (para 42).
Oct. 12, 2018, 2:17 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"On February 14, the Moroccan parliament adopted a new law on violence against women that criminalizes harassment, aggression, sexual exploitation or ill treatment of women... The law criminalizes forced marriage with a penalty of six months to one year in prison and a fine of 10,000 to 30.000 dirhams, or one of these two penalties" (para 2-3).
Oct. 11, 2018, 7 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"There are no reliable statistics on child marriages in Pakistan, as few cases are reported to the police and the government does not track such figures. But according to UNICEF's State of the World's Children Report 2014, seven percent of Pakistani girls are married under the age of 15. According to figures from Save the Children, an international children's charity, more than 40 percent of Pakistani brides are under 18 and eight percent of adolescent married women are already mothers by the age of 15-19" (para. 21 - 23). "In Pakistan, underage girls are sometimes offered for marriage to settle disputes between families in a practice known as 'swara'. It...more
Oct. 5, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Nearly 12,000 possible forced marriage cases were flagged up to the government’s Forced Marriage Unit last year - with more than a quarter involving victims below the age of 18" (para 3). "In 2017, of nearly 1,200 cases handled by the government’s Forced Marriage Unit, 355 involved victims aged 18 or younger. Around 168 cases examined related to victims aged 15 or younger" (para 16-17).
Oct. 5, 2018, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The child's father pleaded to help his daughter Zakura, seven, escape the long-established path for girls in his traditional and partly nomadic society in Wadi Qelt valley on the Israel-Palestine border" (para 2). "Arafat said: 'You take Zakura to Moscow, raise her until she's 12 and then you can marry her if you want. Her future here is pre-determined, she's free now but she will soon become someone's property. I love her as a father but I see no opportunity that I can break our local traditions. You are a good man and most likely she will have a chance for normal education and life in a different country" (para...more
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:49 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

" It shows that child marriage is likely to be the cause of more than half of babies born to under 18s in Uganda, so that ending it could reduce early childbearing by the same amount" (para 8).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea

"One statistical source indicates, in 2017, prevalence of child marriage at the age of 15 in Eritrea stood at 13%, placing the country at thirteenth in the world in terms of child marriage. Another source indicates that girls are often betrothed between the ages of 8 and 14 and conclude the marriage between the ages of 13 and 15" (6).
Sept. 26, 2018, 9:47 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Legal guardians can marry off girls below 13 and boys before 15 years of age pending a judge’s approval" (para 4). "In Iran, every 15 minutes a girl between 10 and 14 years of age faces marriage. During the last 9 months of 2013 more than 30,000 girls below 15 years of age were forced to marry" (para 5-6).
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Da’esh reportedly detained children in schools, prisons, and airports and separated girls above the age of 12 from their families to sell them in Da’esh-controlled areas for sexual slavery" (para 109). "During the year Da’esh continued to kidnap women and girls, sell, rent, or gift them as forced “brides” (a euphemism for forced marriage or sexual slavery) to Da’esh fighters and commanders, and exploit the promise of sexual access in propaganda materials as part of its recruitment strategy. In March the Organization for Women’s Freedom in Iraq (OFWI) reported that Da’esh initially sold women for prices ranging from 110,000 dinars to 1.1 million dinars ($100 to $1,000), and as a...more
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The State has striven to provide protection for women. A woman is entitled to resort to the Supreme Court and to bring an action against her guardian. The State provides a safe house where women are protected from abuse until their court date. The safe house, namely the Dar al-Wifaq (House of Harmony), pursues reconciliation between the plaintiff and the defendant. In accordance with Royal Decree No. 55/2010 mentioned above, a woman may appeal a judgment to deny her action to His Majesty the Sultan in a petition submitted to the Diwan of the Royal Court within 30 days of the issuance of the judgment" (Pg 39).
Sept. 20, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Eight of the victims said they were previously abducted by Boko Haram fighters and forced into marriage before they escaped to Maiduguri" (para 4).
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Noura Hussein, 19, was forced to marry her cousin, and when she refused to consummate the marriage, she says he called his family to help him rape her" (para 2). "Miss Hussein had been promised to her husband at 15, and despite repeated protests they married after she left school at 18" (para 5).
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Campaigners are calling for tougher penalties on forced marriages after more than 3,500 cases were reported to police within just three years" (para 1). "Support group Karma Nirvana revealed it took almost 9,000 calls about forced marriages in 2017 while a national helpline was contacted 22,000 times between 2014-2016. During the same period, the police were contacted 3,546 times with official reports made about the marriages, based on figures obtained by the Iranian and Kurdish Women’s Rights Organisation" (para 3-4). "It is unknown how many women... are brought into the UK from abroad specifically to marry, although Karma Nirvana say the majority of its calls concern British nationals" (para 5)....more
Sept. 14, 2018, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: United States

"A woman who was forced to marry her rapist when she was 11 has helped inspire the Florida Senate pass a bill that would end child marriage in the state" (para 1). "Johnson was raped at age 8 by a church bishop in Tampa...Later, her mother's husband and a church deacon, Alfonsa Tolbert, did the same....her mother at first did not believe her and insisted she was lying...when she became pregnant by Tolbert and needed to leave elementary school to give birth, her mother could no longer deny what had happened. After she gave birth, her mother - pressured by the church - took her to a courthouse to marry...more
Sept. 13, 2018, 7:46 a.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Malaysian authorities are investigating the marriage between an 11-year-old Thai girl and a 41-year-old Malaysian Muslim that has sparked public outrage and calls for child brides to be banned" (para.1). "Muslim girls under the minimum legal marriage age of 16 can wed with the consent of the Shariah court and their parents. Muslim men in Malaysia can marry four wives" (para. 3). "The National Human Rights Society said government data showed there were as many as 15,000 Malaysian child brides in 2010 and called for laws to criminalize child marriage to protect minors" (para 16).
Sept. 12, 2018, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Norway approved a law banning all child marriage on Tuesday (22/05/2018) ...The Nordic country has a minimum age of 18, but allows 16- and 17-year-olds to marry with parental consent and permission from the county governor" (Par. 1 - 2).