The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-1

Jan. 18, 2021, 2:43 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The 15-year-old girl, crying and terrified, refused to release her grip on her sister’s hand. Days earlier, Islamic State fighters had torn the girls from their family, and now were trying to split them up and distribute them as spoils of war. The jihadist who had selected the 15-year-old as his prize pressed a pistol to her head, promising to pull the trigger. But it was only when the man put a knife to her 19-year-old sister’s neck that she finally relented, taking her next step in a dark odyssey of abduction and abuse at the hands of the Islamic State. The sisters were among several thousand girls and young...more
Jan. 8, 2021, 2:16 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

“A 34-year-old man has today been sentenced to 16 years' imprisonment for what is understood to be the first conviction under the new offence of forced marriage which came into effect in June 2014 The man, from South Wales, also pleaded guilty to four counts of rape, one count of bigamy and one count of voyeurism. The court heard that the man was particularly possessive and controlling of his victim during the time they knew one another. Between March and September 2014, he repeatedly raped and threatened his victim before forcing her to marry him against her will in an act of bigamy on his behalf” (para. 1-2) “Forced marriage...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Itendelebanya, the legal and gender officer for the local NGO, Agape, says this sense of entitlement, in what is a perennially patriarchal society, also explains why passers-by don't intervene when they witness an abduction. 'When a Sukuma man is attracted to a girl he will start asking people where she lives, and what her routine is,' explains Itendelebanya. 'Once he finds out these details he might wait for her near the borehole - or whatever he thinks is the best place to get that girl - and then grab her.' Kupura is so prevalent in the region that when a girl disappears, her parents will suspect what has happened. But...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Audience members were captivated as the play unfolded around the story of a young girl forced into marriage and the struggles of life as a child bride. By the end, several were weeping openly and many resolved to protect their daughters from the same fate. Theater is certainly an effective way to shed light on an issue few want to discuss—and Pakistan-based nonprofit Sujag Sansar Organization, which promotes women’s rights, especially via anti–child marriage efforts in Dadu District, helms these performances" (para 1-2). "...girls are often married off when they're as young as 10...Precise figures are scarce but a 2007 UNICEF survey estimated that 24 percent of Pakistani brides are...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Zakura inspired 'loving father’ Arafat to believe he is 'part of a big world' and that his daughter really could have the choice of a life with wider horizons. But the filmmaker also acknowledges that severe pressures will be brought to bear on her father - and mother - to conform to strict Bedouin ways over his daughter’s future" (para 4-5, 17). "The father - who was Vdovin’s guide and fixer on a previous unrelated filming trip - offered the Russian the chance to take his daughter and raise her in Moscow, and even marry her when she reached 12, which the documentary-maker politely declined. His motivation was his love...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"[M]una, got married when she was fifteen, having never met her husband or seen her future home. After a few years, she was unhappy and wanted a divorce but she was uneducated, orphaned, and a mother in a country with no enforced alimony system" (para 25).
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Women have no right to make decisions; all decisions ranging from type of dress to marriage are made by the men of women’s own family or the in-laws" (para 15).
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1

"Forced marriages are legally prohibited" (4).
Dec. 17, 2020, 5:42 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Earlier this week 19-year-old Fatemeh Barahi was beheaded by her husband after running away just two days into their forced marriage" (para. 16). "The teenage girl initially fled the family home with 34-year-old Bahamn Khavari after her father expressed outrage at their plans to get married" (para. 23). "Iranian laws mean girls can marry after the age of 13, though the average age of marriage for Iranian women is 23" (para. 30).
Dec. 5, 2020, 5:05 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“Parts of Afghan society operate under a strict code of ‘honour’ that gives women little or no say in matters such as who they can marry and whether they can get an education” (para 9).
Nov. 24, 2020, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

“A 13-year-old Christian girl was kidnapped in Pakistan and forced to marry a 44-year-old man who made her convert to Islam, campaigners say. Arzoo Raja was abducted from her home in Karachi on October 13, and two days later her ‘husband’ produced a marriage certificate saying she was 18 and had converted to Islam. The case has led to protests in Karachi and Lahore but a Pakistani court has upheld the marriage after her husband claimed she had converted of her own free will” (para 1-3). “When police contacted the family two days later they said that the 'husband' had already obtained a marriage certificate, according to a Christian group...more
Nov. 19, 2020, 9:29 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-2, LO-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned at the prevalence of customs and traditional practices that limit the degree of involvement of rural women in development programmes and prevent them from inheriting or acquiring land and other property. It is concerned that rural women farmers are not recognized as such, because in the State party a farmer (kisan) is the person who owns land. The Committee is also concerned at the difficulties faced by rural women in gaining access to health and social services and in participating in decision-making processes at the community level... It is concerned about the persistence of child and forced marriages and at the fact that the minimum age...more
Nov. 13, 2020, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"There were reports of forced elopement, a customary practice whereby men abduct and rape girls or women with the intention of forcing them into marriage. The superintendent of the Thaba-Tseka district police, Khethisang Koro, estimated that seven cases of abduction and rape were reported each month in his district alone. Community Councilor Daemane Boutu indicated that victims’ parents, if they are wealthy, often settle with the perpetrator’s family rather than report the incident to police" (14).
Nov. 13, 2020, 3:29 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party for its comprehensive Family Code, however, it is concerned that many women, particularly those married only under religious law, do not benefit from all the rights stipulated therein and are denied economic protection upon the dissolution of their unrecognized marriage. The Committee is also concerned about the persistence of child and forced marriages, notwithstanding the setting of the minimum age of marriage at 18 years... concern at the high prevalence of harmful practices that discriminate against women, such as child marriage and bride kidnapping, and that to date, the State party has not taken sustained measures to modify or eliminate discriminatory stereotypes, negative traditional...more
Oct. 31, 2020, 12:03 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3

"It notes that stereotypes contribute to the persistence of violence against women and practices harmful to women and girls, such as female circumcision, early marriage, arranged marriage and polygamy. The Committee expresses its deep concern that the State party has not taken sufficient sustained and systematic action to modify or eliminate stereotypes and harmful practices" (Article 23).
Oct. 30, 2020, 10:23 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is deeply concerned about the persistence of harmful traditional practices, patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles, responsibilities and identities of women and men in all spheres of life. The Committee expresses concern that such norms, customs and practices justify and perpetuate discrimination against women, including violence against women and the persistence of harmful traditional practices, such as food taboos, early and forced marriage, and levirate marriage. It regrets that no sustained and systematic action has been taken by the State party to modify or eliminate such harmful traditional practices, patriarchal attitudes and stereotypes" (Article 13).
Oct. 30, 2020, 1:23 a.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, PW-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Numerous provisions of customary law are discriminatory and widely applied, including the authorisation of early and forced marriages, polygamy and levirate. The effective application of laws protecting women’s rights conflicts runs up against the widespread patriarchal conception of society, especially in rural areas" (para 9).
Oct. 27, 2020, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3

"It also expresses its serious concern about the persistence of entrenched harmful practices, such as forced and early marriages, levirate and mistreatment of widows, dowry-related violence and polygamy in the State party" (23).
Oct. 21, 2020, 12:14 p.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, LO-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-2, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee expresses deep concern that harmful practices, such as child and forced marriages, polygamy, female genital mutilation, widowhood practices, levirate and sororate, purification rites for adulterous women and killings of so-called “witch children”, continue to be prevalent and go unpunished, the comprehensive legislative framework notwithstanding. The Committee is concerned that the customary practice of excluding women from inheriting agricultural land remains dominant in rural areas and that women continue to face practical difficulties in gaining access to both land and credit. Furthermore, the Committee is concerned about the persistence of customary laws and practices, including the prevalence of de facto polygamous marriages, although such laws are no longer valid...more
Oct. 3, 2020, 6:25 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-3

“W.H. v. Sweden (no. 49341/10) (8 April 2015 (Grand Chamber)): This case concerned an asylum seeker’s threatened expulsion from Sweden to Iraq, where she alleged she would be at risk of ill-treatment as a single woman of Mandaean denomination, a vulnerable ethnic/religious minority. The applicant submitted that, a divorcee belonging to a small, vulnerable ethnic/religious minority, she would be at real risk of inhuman and degrading treatment if returned to Iraq. She alleged in particular that, without a male network or any remaining relatives in Iraq, she would be at risk of persecution, assault, rape, forced conversion to another religion and forced marriage. The Court observed that the applicant had...more
Sept. 28, 2020, 3:33 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Three years after Zimbabwe's Constitutional Court declared child marriage unconstitutional and set 18 as the minimum marriage age, the government has not put structures in place to implement the court's decision and ensure that girls under 18 are not forced into marriage. Zimbabwe's 2013 Constitution states that 'no person may be compelled to enter marriage against their will' and requires authorities to ensure that children are not pledged into marriage, but the government has yet to amend or repeal all other existing marriage laws that still allow child marriage" (para 12).
Sept. 26, 2020, 7:38 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The concept of male guardianship is incorporated into Qatari law and regulations and undermines women’s right to make autonomous decisions about marriage and travel" (para 12). "The law provides that women can only marry if a male guardian approves" (para 12).
Sept. 26, 2020, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Kuwaiti personal status law, which applies to Sunni Muslims who make up the majority of Kuwaitis, discriminates against women. For example, some women require a male guardian to conclude their marriage contracts" (para 17).
Aug. 16, 2020, 7:27 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"Hpwever, authorities are not consistently enforcing protective measures for women and girls, including…a 2016 law to curb child and forced marriage" (para 15).
Aug. 12, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Global Slavery Index, which measures forced labour and forced marriage, estimates that there are 90,000 living in 'modern slavery' in Mauritania, or 2.4 percent of the population" (para 20).
Aug. 11, 2020, 7:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

“A heady mix of culture, tradition and empty belief culminate in a demand for the male child, for a girl is not a preferred choice. If anything, a girl is perceived as a liability for many, many families in India, while a boy is seen as an asset. To families that are ridden by poverty and schooled in a warped cultural ideology, a girl is perceived as an extra mouth to feed and an economic burden since she cannot work as a male child can, and since her marriage would demand the payment of a dowry. This drives many families to avoid the girl child at any cost: right from...more
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

“Almost half of forced marriages involving Britons come from the Pakistani community” (para 1). “Recent estimates suggest more than 5,000 people from the UK are forced into marriage every year and more than a third of those affected are aged under 16” (para 5). “Nineteen-year-old ‘Nazia’ is typical of the young people helped by Sach. She was brought to Pakistan from the UK by her parents, ostensibly for a holiday. But when she arrived, they asked her to marry her cousin. When she refused, Ms Salimi said, ‘She was kept in solitary confinement for a couple of days without food.’ When she still refused to marry him, they gave her...more
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

“Almost half of forced marriages involving Britons come from the Pakistani community” (para 1). “Nineteen-year-old ‘Nazia’ is typical of the young people helped by Sach. She was brought to Pakistan from the UK by her parents, ostensibly for a holiday. But when she arrived, they asked her to marry her cousin. When she refused, Ms Salimi said, ‘She was kept in solitary confinement for a couple of days without food.’ When she still refused to marry him, they gave her an overdose of pills, so that it would appear that she had taken her own life. However, her boyfriend in the UK had grown suspicious when he had not heard...more
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:55 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5

“Teenagers like Sara - not her real name - are all too aware of this. She was meant to be married off to a man twice her age in India over the summer. ‘In exchange for [a] dowry he was going to give me land, a house, gold and all the wedding expenses,’ she said. Sara says it made her feel like an object - ‘like being sold or exchanged’. She managed to escape to a refuge in the UK before the wedding” (para 29-32).
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:32 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

“On February 27, the Swiss Parliament is scheduled to debate a series of proposals to crack down on Muslim forced marriages in Switzerland. There are an estimated 17,000 forced marriages in Switzerland; one-third of the victims are between the ages of 13 and 18, according to a ground-breaking study of the problem conducted in 2006” (para 24).