The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-1

Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo

"While the law prohibits marriage of boys and girls under the age of 18, many marriages of underage children took place. Bridewealth (dowry) payment made by a groom or his family to the relatives of the bride to ratify a marriage greatly contributed to underage marriage, as parents forcibly married daughters to collect bridewealth or to finance bridewealth for a son. The constitution criminalizes forced marriage. Courts may sentence parents convicted of forcing a child to marry to up to 12 years’ hard labor and a fine of 92,500 Congolese francs ($58). The penalty doubles when the child is under 15. For additional information, see Appendix C" (page 42-43).more
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage is 18 for both boys and girls. In the sole reported case of attempted forced marriage involving a minor, the police Morals and Minors Brigade investigated and intervened to stop the marriage before it took place. For additional information, see Appendix C. In October as part of the implementation of the 2017 National Child Protection Policy Action Plan, the National Commission for Solidarity, Social Protection, and Gender Promotion, with the financial support of UNICEF, organized awarenessraising and training workshops on child marriage for religious leaders" (page 10).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In April, Dina Ali Lasloom was reportedly returned to Saudi Arabia against her will from the Philippines while in transit to Australia to claim political asylum in order to escape a forced marriage. On April 12, the Saudi Embassy in the Philippines issued a statement describing Lasloom’s return as a 'family matter.' At year’s end, her whereabouts were unknown, according to HRW" (31). "According to some senior religious leaders, girls as young as 10 may marry. Families sometimes arranged such marriages to settle family debts without the consent of the child" (44). "The government reportedly instructed marriage registrars not to register marriages involving children (45).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Women from marginalized Romani communities were transported to the United Kingdom by force or deception to marry foreign citizens attempting to avoid deportation by marrying an EU citizen, and might consequently have been subjected to trafficking in persons" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Child Marriage Unit of the Domestic Violence Secretariat of the Ministry of Gender, Children, and Social Protection continued to lead governmental efforts to combat child marriage. The ministry launched the first National Strategic Framework on Ending Marriage in Ghana (2017-2026). The framework prioritizes interventions focused on strengthening government capacity to address issues of neglect and abuse of children, girls’ education, adolescent health, and girls’ empowerment through skills development. The National Advisory Committee to End Child Marriage and the National Stakeholders Forum, with participation from key government and civil society stakeholders, provided strategic guidance and supported information sharing and learning on child marriage among partners in the country" (p. 18).more
July 30, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The DOVVSU addressed rape through public education efforts on radio and in communities, participation in efforts to prevent child marriage and sexual and gender based violence, expanding the implementation of its online data management system to select police divisional headquarters, and data management training" (p. 15).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Communities sometimes compelled rape victims to marry their attackers" (page 16). "According to the Chadian Women Lawyers’ Association, girls sold or forced into child marriages were forced by their husbands into domestic servitude and agricultural labor" (page 22).
July 23, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Marriage is universal in Afghanistan; by age 35-39, only 1% of women and men have never been married" (61).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria

"The legal age for marriage is 18 for men and 17 for women. A boy as young as 15 or a girl as young as 13 may marry if a judge deems both parties willing and 'physically mature,' and if the fathers or grandfathers of both parties consent. ISIS systematically abducted and sexually exploited Yezidi girls in Iraq and transported them to Syria for systematic rape and forced marriage (see section 1.g. and section 6, Women)" (Pg 48).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The extremely high rates of child marriage and/or forced marriage in the State party, affecting a quarter of married women and girls, which is compounded by the absence of any legal framework or strategic action to prohibit these harmful practices. The Committee notes the link between the high child marriage, fertility and maternal mortality rates and the disproportionately high illiteracy and poverty rates among women in the State party" (14).
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs reported children as young as 12 were at times married in unofficial religious ceremonies, particularly in poor and rural regions and among the Syrian population living in the country. Early and forced marriage was particularly prevalent in the southeast, and women’s rights activists reported the problem remained serious. Media noted that official marriages only captured a fraction of underage marriages, since many such marriages were concluded as religious marriages only. A May 2015 Constitutional Court decision legalized the right to be religiously married without obtaining a civil marriage. On December 2, a law (colloquially known as the “mufti” marriage law) entered into force, allowing government-employed religious authorities (muftis) to...more
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal

"Domestic violence against women and girls remained a serious problem. Violence against women and girls, including early and forced marriage, was believed to be one of the major factors responsible for women’s relative poor health, livelihood insecurity, and inadequate social mobilization. Additionally, the practice of early and forced marriage, which remained prevalent, limited girls’ access to education and increased their susceptibility to domestic violence and sexual abuse. The 2009 Domestic Violence (Crime and Punishment) Act allows for settling complaints of domestic violence through mediation with an emphasis on reconciliation. Authorities usually pursued prosecution under the act only when mediation failed. The Nepal Police had women’s cells staffed by female officers...more
July 19, 2019, 9:48 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia

"The legal distinction between a woman and a girl was not clear. The marriage law sets the minimum marriageable age at 16 for women (19 for men), but the child protection law states that persons under age 18 are not adults. A girl who marries has adult legal status. Girls frequently married before reaching the age of 16, particularly in rural and impoverished areas. See also the Department of State’s Trafficking in Persons Report at" (Pg 29).
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The prevalence of gender-based violence and harmful practices against women, including the sale of women or forced marriage, in particular among Roma women living in segregated environments" (5).
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep

"The law establishes 18 as the minimum age for civil marriage. The practice of early marriage was more common in the Muslim community. There were reports during the year of forced marriages of young girls to ex-Seleka and anti-Balaka members. The government did not take steps to address forced marriage. (For more data, see UNICEF website.)" (Pg 19).
July 17, 2019, 2:14 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon

"The minimum legal age for marriage is 18. The law punishes anyone who compels another to marry with imprisonment for five to 10 years, and with fines of 25,000 CFA francs ($47) to 1,000,000 CFA francs ($1,865). When victims are minors, punishment may not be less than a two-year prison sentence, regardless of mitigating circumstances. The court may also take away custody from parents who give away their underage children in marriage. Despite these legal provisions, some families reportedly tried to marry their girls before age 18. (For data, see the UNICEF website.)" (Pg 28).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei

"The legal minimum age of marriage for both boys and girls is 14 years with parental and participant consent, unless otherwise stipulated by religion or custom under the law, which generally set a higher minimum age. The Islamic Family Act sets the minimum marriageable age at 16 years for Muslim girls and 18 years for Muslim men and makes it an offense to use force, threat, or deception to compel a person to marry against his or her own will. Ethnic Chinese must be 15 years or older to marry, according to the Chinese Marriage Act, which also stipulates sexual intercourse with an ethnic Chinese girl younger than 15 years...more
July 13, 2019, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea

"Customary and traditional practices allow marriage of children as young as age 12, and early marriage was common in many traditional, isolated rural communities" (p. 19).
July 13, 2019, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Forced marriages are illegal and were rare, although they reportedly occurred in southern, more heavily Muslim, areas. The Ministry of Interior continued an effort to convince imams not to officiate over illegal marriages" (p. 36).
July 12, 2019, 9:16 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Somali Government has a legal obligation to protect, enforce, and promote women’s rights and gender equality. However, the Somali Government perpetuates gender inequality by failing to develop, implement, and enforce policies that prevent violence against women, forced marriages, and female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C)" (8). "In addition to sexual and gender-based violence, Somali girls are often victim to forced marriages with Al-Shabaab insurgents. Although forced marriage is prohibited under Article 28.5 of the PFC and explicitly condemned in the Qur’an, Al-Shabaab abducts girls while they are at school, en route, or in other public places and uses intimidation and other fear tactics to ensure the girls, their families, and school...more
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Girls in rural areas were particularly at risk for early marriage. Female ministers spoke publicly on the dangers of early marriage and collaborated with UN agencies to educate the public regarding these dangers, and many neighborhood committees actively discouraged the practice. In June 2016 the ERITREA 20 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2017 United States Department of State • Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor government and the United Nations launched a national campaign to end child marriage in the country" (p. 19).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia

"Of 165 Romani women interviewed, 150 said they were married before the age of 18 or were forced into marriage by their family at 18" (page 24).
July 8, 2019, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan

"The minimum legal age for marriage is 17 for women and 18 for men, although a district may lower the age by one year in exceptional cases. The Women’s Committee and mahalla representatives conducted systematic campaigns to raise awareness of the dangers of child marriage and early births. The committee also held regular public meetings with community representatives and girls in schools to emphasize the importance of education, selfreliance, financial independence, and the right to free choice. In some rural areas, girls as young as 15 occasionally were married in religious ceremonies not officially recognized by the state" (Pg 30).
July 8, 2019, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Furthermore, it reiterates its concern (CEDAW/C/BDI/CO/4, para. 13) that the application of customary law in the light of the legal vacuum concerning matters of inheritance, matrimonial regimes and gifts results in women being unable to enjoy their rights under articles 13 to 16 of the Convention" (4)."The Committee is concerned that its previous recommendations issued in 2001 (A/56/38, para. 56) and 2008 (CEDAW/C/BDI/CO/4, para. 12) to accord priority to the revision of the Code of the Person and the Family, to grant the same rights for both spouses in matters of ownership, acquisition, management, enjoyment and disposition of property and to end discrimination and standardize the age of marriage for...more
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"By law women have the right to choose when and whom they marry, but traditional practices restricted a woman’s choice. The law prohibits the marriage of girls younger than 16, but this law generally was not enforced in most communities where marriages were arranged. Under certain conditions a judge may grant a special dispensation to a man to marry a girl below the age of consent. According to women’s rights groups and officials from the Ministry of Women, Family, and Childhood, child marriage was a significant problem, particularly in the more rural areas in the south, east, and northeast. The ministry conducted educational campaigns to address the problem. In November...more
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Many couples first married in mosques and then registered officially when the bride reached the legal age. The government did not take any action to address the issue" (p. 33).
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo

"The legal age for marriage is 18 for girls and 20 for boys, although both may marry under these ages with parental consent. According to a 2015 UNICEF report, 25 percent of women ages 20-24 were married or in a union before age 18, and 6 percent were married or in union before age 15. The practice significantly declined in recent years. Rates were highest in the Savannah Region at 61 percent, followed by the Plateau Region at 37 percent, Kara Region at 36 percent, Central Region at 31 percent, and the Maritime Region at 29 percent" (Pg 13).
July 3, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: East Timor

"Although a marriage may not be registered until the youngest spouse is at least age 16, cultural, religious and civil marriages were recognized in the civil code. Cultural pressure to marry, especially if a girl or woman becomes pregnant, is strong. Underage couples may not officially marry, but are often married de facto once they have children together. Forced marriage rarely occurred, although reports indicated that social pressure sometimes encouraged victims of rape to marry their attacker or persons to enter into an arranged marriage where a bride price is paid According to the most recent information from UNICEF (2010), an estimated 19 percent of girls married prior to the...more
July 3, 2019, 12:27 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan

"Many of these polygynous marriages involved underage brides. Unofficial second and third marriages were increasingly common, with neither the wives nor their children having legal standing or rights" (Pg 22). "The legal minimum age for marriage of men and women is 18 years. Under exceptional circumstances, which a judge must determine, such as in the case of pregnancy, a couple may also apply to a court to lower the marriageable age to 17. Underage religious marriage was more widespread in rural areas. Many parents told their daughters to quit school after ninth grade, at which point parents considered their daughters to have obtained sufficient professional skills, such as sewing or...more
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Although the legal minimum age for marriage is 18, authorities did not always enforce the law. Underage marriages occurred mostly in rural areas and within Romani communities. According to data released by the Albanian Institute of Statistics, the number of early marriages (under the age of 19) decreased significantly in 2016 from 2015" (page 19).