The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-1

June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Strategy for Social Inclusion of the Roma in the R Serbia for the period 2016–2025 and the National Gender Equality Strategy include measures relating to prevention of and reduction of the number of underage and forced marriages and underage pregnancies in the Roma community" (41).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

Parental or judicial consent to marry is required for individuals younger than 18. Nevertheless, the traditional practice of “ukuthwala,” the arranged marriage of girls as young as age 12 to older men, occurred in remote villages in Western Cape, Eastern Cape, and KwaZulu-Natal provinces (27). "According to the 2016 State of the World’s Children Report of the UN Children’s Fund, 6 percent of girls in the country were married before age 18" (27).
May 31, 2020, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In August, a girl who was being forced to marry reported her case to the police and consequently she was taken under protection" (para 10).
May 7, 2020, 7:27 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Ibrahim Kanuma winces as he recalls the moment a 63-year-old man asked him for his teenage daughter's hand in marriage. The proposal was not unusual in north-western Nigeria's remote, dust-blown state of Zamfara, but he considered the suitor too old for his only daughter, Zainab, 13." (para 1). "But the practice came under scrutiny in July, when legislators tried to scrap a constitutional clause that states citizenship can be renounced by anyone over 18 or a married woman, apparently implying women can be married under 18." (para 7). "Ammani welcomes the reawakened debate on child marriage but warns of its limits: 'The fact is, a lot of people [here], when...more
April 24, 2020, 9:25 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"For purposes of the VAPP, a harmful traditional practice means all traditional behavior, attitudes, or practices that negatively affect the fundamental rights of women or girls, to include denial of inheritance or succession rights, FGM/C or circumcision, forced marriage, and forced isolation from family and friends." (33-34). "The prevalence of child marriage varied widely among regions, with figures ranging from 76 percent in the Northwest to 10 percent in the Southeast... According to an NGO, education was a key indicator of whether a girl would marry as a child--82 percent of women with no education were married before 18, as opposed to 13 percent of women who had at least...more
April 19, 2020, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Eighty-five percent of women in urban areas and 78% of those in rural areas had a say in choosing their husband. The percentage of women who had a say in choosing their husband increases from 75% among those with no education to 92% among those with a higher education. Women in the highest wealth quintile are more likely to have had a say in choosing their husbands than women in the lowest quintile (89% versus 72%). The percentage of women who had a say in choosing their husband varies by region, from a high of 89% each in Azad Jammu and Kashmir and ICT Islamabad to a low of 63%...more
April 9, 2020, 8:06 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1

"Indonesia previously allowed girls of 16 to get married or younger-- with no minimum age-- if their parents requested it" (para 7).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The 2011 Prevention of Antiwomen Practices Amendment Act criminalizes and punishes the giving of a woman in marriage to settle a civil or criminal dispute; depriving a woman of her rights to inherit movable or immovable property by deceitful or illegal means; coercing or in any manner compelling a woman to enter into marriage; and compelling, arranging, or facilitating the marriage of a woman with the Quran, including forcing her to take an oath on the Quran to remain unmarried or not to claim her share of an inheritance. Although prohibited by law, these practices continued in some areas" (41). "The 2014 Sindh Child Marriage Restraint Act sets 18 as...more
March 24, 2020, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"“Several women and girls reported they had been taken from their villages by U.P.D.F. members and forced to become prostitutes or sex slaves, or to marry Ugandan soldiers,” the head of the United Nations peacekeeping mission wrote in a letter to Ugandan authorities last June, using the initials of the Ugandan People’s Defense Force, the Ugandan military" (para 6).
March 16, 2020, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Early marriage & forced marriage remained common practices." (1).
Feb. 15, 2020, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In October 2013, Italy hosted in Rome the international conference “Action to achieve commitments towards United Nations GA Resolution 67/146 on Intensifying global efforts for the elimination of FGM; at the last United Nations HRC29, Italy co-facilitated (A/HRC/RES/29/8) on “Strengthening efforts to prevent and eliminate child, early and forced marriage”, adopted without a vote and cosponsored by approx. 85 UNMS." (para 61).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, IIP-PRACTICE-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Multiple NGOs and UNHCR shared reports of sexual harassment and exploitation of refugees by government, employers, and landlords, including paying workers below the minimum wage, working excessive hours, debt bondage, and pressuring families into early marriage or nonconsensual sex for their daughters" (17).
Feb. 1, 2020, 10:31 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, PW-DATA-1

"Marriages often were arranged and, depending on the ethnic group, polygyny was practiced" (para 105)
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Early and forced marriage was a significant, widespread problem. The conflict likely exacerbated the situation, and local and international NGOs reported an increase in forced marriage and child marriage for financial reasons due to economic insecurity" (31).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Al-Shabaab also committed sexual violence, including through forced marriages." (14). " The provisional federal constitution requires both marriage partners to have reached the “age of maturity” and defines a child as a person less than 18 years old. It notes marriage requires the free consent of both the man and woman to be legal. Early marriages frequently occurred. In areas under its control, al-Shabaab arranged compulsory marriages between its soldiers and young girls and used the lure of marriage as a recruitment tool. There were no known efforts by the government or regional authorities to prevent early and forced marriage." (35).
Jan. 2, 2020, 3:45 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"'They forcefully took us away and kept us like prisoners,' Lydia Musa, a former Boko Haram captive who was abducted at the age of 14 during an attack on her village in Gwoza, in Nigeria’s north eastern Borno State, tells IPS. Musa and two other underaged girls were captured and forced to marry Boko Haram fighters in spite of their protests that they were too young to marry. 'You must marry whether you like it or not they told us as they pointed guns at us,' the now 16-year-old girl recalls. Boko Haram’s violation of the rights of women and children paints a larger picture of human trafficking, forced marriages...more
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Mariam is one of a dozen teenagers I've watched get married in the 15 years I've lived in southwest Detroit's tight-knit Yemeni community. I've spent English classes furtively folding invitations for friends planning local weddings, and hugged others classmates on their way back to Yemen to wed fiancees they've never met" (para 5). "Outsiders are often shocked when they learn how common such young marriages are. 'Those poor children!' they exclaim. 'They're being forced'" (para 6). "The small charter school Mariam and I attend has less than 300 high school students. But Mariam...is not the only young wife I know. My friends there include two engaged sophomores, two married seniors,...more
Dec. 14, 2019, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Maajida* quivers as she describes the hell she has endured since her wedding day. At just 17 she was married off to a lorry driver living in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Little did she know that barely a month into her marriage she would also be expected to act as a wife for two of her husband's other brothers and, when she refused, would be raped and assaulted" (para 1-3). "Instead brides are purchased from destitute families outside of Uttar Pradesh. And while they are officially married to one brother they are expected to act as a wife to several others in a practice known as polyandry"...more
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:25 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, according to article 1041 of the country's Civil Law, there is no minimum age for marriage in Iran. The so-called 'Shari'a courts' can permit girls aged under fifteen to marry, provided the marriage is registered. However, in many cases, parents do not wait for a court ruling to give away their daughters, postponing the registration to years later. Meanwhile, there is no limitation on the age difference of the child bride and the groom. Figures from Iran suggest child-marriage is rampant in the country, with girls younger than 14 forced to take husbands. The practice is most prevalent in rural areas" (para. 3-6). "The ultra-conservative ayatollahs insist that a...more
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:22 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-DATA-2

"Nearly two out of three Afghan girls are married when they are teenagers or younger. On average, they are sent by their parents into arranged marriages between the ages of 15 and 16" (para. 24).
Dec. 6, 2019, 2:51 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3

"Reluctantly, after his mother also promised he could marry a second wife of his own choosing when he was older, Mohammad agreed to the wedding -- consent required from him for the marriage to be valid under Islamic law" (para 6).
Nov. 15, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The State’s appeal was based on the claim that the disparity in the minimum age of marriage is a compromise to accommodate customary, traditional and religious values on marriage. We believe the right to culture and freedom of religion can not limit the fundamental right to equality and non-discrimination." (para 7).
Oct. 22, 2019, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Forced marriage occurred, especially in rural areas, although no statistics were available. The Ministry of Social Affairs and Gender Equality operated programs to deter child marriage but did not address forced marriage" (21).
Oct. 15, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"While ISIS has lost the majority of the Syrian territory it once controlled, throughout 2018 it continued to force local Syrian girls and women in ISIS-controlled areas into marriages with its fighters and it routinely subjected women and girls from minority groups into forced marriages, domestic servitude, systematic rape, and other forms of sexual violence" (451).
Oct. 15, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"While ISIS has lost the majority of the Syrian territory it once controlled, throughout 2018 it continued to force local Syrian girls and women in ISIS-controlled areas into marriages with its fighters and it routinely subjected women and girls from minority groups into forced marriages, domestic servitude, systematic rape, and other forms of sexual violence" (451).
Oct. 15, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, MARR-PRACTICE-1, GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Syrians that remain in the country and those living as refugees in neighboring countries are extremely vulnerable to traffickers. Syrian children are reportedly vulnerable to forced early marriages—which can lead to commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor—and children displaced within the country continue to be subjected to forced labor, particularly by organized begging rings" (451).
Sept. 24, 2019, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-1

"Men from Middle Eastern and North African countries use legally contracted temporary marriages to sexually exploit Mauritanian girls and young women. Mauritanian women and girls from poor families enter into these forced marriages, facilitated by brokers and travel agencies in both Mauritania and in the Middle East promising substantial payment, and are exploited as sex slaves and in forced prostitution in Saudi Arabia and other Gulf countries" (329).
Sept. 20, 2019, 7:39 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Boko Haram routinely forces girls to choose between forced marriages to its fighters—for the purpose of sexual slavery—or becoming suicide bombers" (366).
Sept. 19, 2019, 8:35 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Forced marriages are typically carried out by a broker who isolate the women in safe houses in rural areas, before showing them off to perspective buyers." (para 17).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"There was no government program focused on preventing early or forced marriage" (24).