The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-2

Oct. 3, 2018, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"Young couples have increasingly turned to such informal and often secret marriages as a way of quietly circumventing Sharia, which prohibits adultery and extramarital sex" (para. 8). It shows the importance of the marriage in the daily life, even in young people. (JSM - coder comment).
Oct. 3, 2018, 12:47 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"Japan has long faced declining birthrates; in 2010, it dropped to 1.34 children per woman, falling short of the minimum thought needed to keep a constant population in a developed country. And much of the decline has been attributed to women delaying marriage or skipping it altogether" (para. 12). "As Akemi Iwakabe, deputy director of Fukui’s children and families division, explained to The Post in 2010: 'Many of our single residents were telling us that they wanted to get married but couldn’t because they weren’t meeting anyone'" (para. 13).
Oct. 3, 2018, 12:45 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2, GIC-LAW-1

"As far as state sponsors of matchmaking go, Iran isn’t alone. Taiwan’s Interior Ministry organizes matchmaking activities" (para. 11). it shows the need of the government to make couples get married so, the actual figures are less than the needed (JSM -code comment).
Oct. 3, 2018, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"What’s a country to do when faced with declining birthrates and rising marriage ages? Start a government-run matchmaking Web site, apparently. That’s what Iranian officials did Monday when launching a state-supported matchmaking Web site with the goal of producing 100,000 new marriages over the next year, Agence France-Presse reported. (...)'We have high demand for marriage and 11 million bachelors who are increasing every day,' Deputy Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports Mahmoud Golzari said Monday, the Associated Press reported." (para. 1 - 3).
May 4, 2018, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2, MARR-DATA-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1, BR-DATA-1

"Research shows that a low fertility rate in developed countries reflects backward attitudes over female gender roles. Last year, the South Korean marriage rate tumbled to the lowest level in 12 years, and the birth rate is perennially one of the lowest in the world" (pp 14)
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2, MARR-DATA-2

"However, according to a study on basic knowledge, attitudes and practices, approximately 75 per cent of Burkina Faso nationals have not been formally married at a registry office" (35).
Jan. 30, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"Tajikistan is a predominantly Muslim, socially conservative country, where cohabitation outside of wedlock is frowned upon" (Para 11).
Dec. 21, 2017, 2:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"To put it simply, Chinese men are hungry for brides" (para 7). "'It costs a very huge amount of money for normal Chinese man to get married to a Chinese woman,' explained Ha Thi Van Khanh, national project coordinator for the U.N.'s anti-trafficking organization in Vietnam. Traditionally, Chinese men wishing to marry local women are expected to pay for an elaborate banquet and to have purchased a new home to live in after the wedding. 'This is why they try to import women from neighboring countries, including Vietnam'" (para 16).
Dec. 14, 2017, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

At 0:30 of the video text showed on the screen that said "Bangladesh is one of the world’s most vulnerable countries when it comes to the impact of climate change. Around 30% of girls in Bangladesh are married before their 15th birthday"(ENB-Coder Comment).At 0:58 of the video, Razia, age 14 said "I don't want to marry now [or soon, as she mentions later]" (ENB-Coder Comment).At 0:53 of the video Brishti who is 14, says that her father got her married in a hurry and didn't ask a lot of questions (ENB-Coder Comment). At 5:25 of the video Razia, age 14 said "One day a girl has to get married, sooner...more
Nov. 27, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"The cultural expectation is that a woman's husband will become her economic provider and therefore she does not need her own land in her name" (para 3). (Coder comment: if society expects women to get married, marriage itself is not considered outdated - ARR).
Oct. 30, 2017, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"Others remain constrained by Nubia's traditional mores and customs. Still others have gradually moved away from those traditions. Nevertheless, the bonds of marriage continue to stand, as families insist that Nubian women marry Nubian men in order to preserve the Nubian heritage throughout their lives, according to accounts given by Nubian girls to Al-Monitor"(para 1)."Following up, [Wahibah] Saleh said, 'Nubian society is an open society from the inside. There is a great deal of integration between women and men. Women are not forced into marrying and have the right to live alone, but not to marry a non-Nubian'"(para 12)
Oct. 18, 2017, 11:13 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

“'Getting married these days is no longer a priority,' Chepkulul told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. 'I am not married and being a single mother is not easy. I stay at home with my four children as a mother — and as a father, too.' (5).
Oct. 16, 2017, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"While the Japanese and international media have extensively covered the issues and consequences surrounding Japan’s rapidly ageing population as well as the unwillingness of Japanese young adults to get married and have children, there has been little more thought given to how these issues are connected" (3).
Oct. 11, 2017, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"Because of this tradition, the sex ratio at birth in recent years has been high, even reaching 117 boys to every 100 girls at one point. Past preference for boys has also resulted in many men being lifelong bachelors nowadays, a trend set to continue in coming decades. Even today, after China scrapped its one-child policy, young parents are still secretly following this practice in hope of getting children of both sexes"(para 8)
Oct. 4, 2017, 7:02 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"Like many women, I always thought that after university and finding some financial stability, I would marry and have children. I guess the fact that I grew up in a progressive and supportive family made me forget that the experiences of Afghan women are unlike those of many women around the world. I forgot, for a second, that as a woman unless you can have children, your education, career, and marriage are considered meaningless. I was not prepared for feeling that in the eyes of my community, my only worth as a woman is to bear children in the end"(para 2)."Women experiencing infertility must bear the brunt of societal norms....more
June 21, 2017, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"It is still somewhat more prestigious to have been married for a time (regardless of eventual divorce) than to have never been married” (63).
June 8, 2017, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"Marriage rates over all have been on the decline in Gaza, and divorce is on the rise because of high poverty and unemployment rates, said the head of the Supreme Sharia Judicial Council in Gaza, Sheikh Hassan al-Jojo. Hamas itself has been trying to encourage marriage by paying the equivalent of $1,500 to any male who memorizes the Quran, a bit of cash to help finance the next step in life" (p 24)
May 25, 2017, 9:48 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"'We think diamonds are evil,' Bryndis [Asmundottir] says with a laugh, explaining that it is the norm for a couple to spend years together as parents before even considering marriage" (p 16)
Jan. 26, 2017, 3:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"Liu Zhenfeng got married at 25. The usual trappings of family life followed — a daughter, a home, furniture, toys. That daughter, Song Zongpei, now 28, is taking a different path. Ms. Song shares a rented apartment in Beijing with two roommates and is focusing on her career and her finances. She does not see marriage or motherhood in her immediate future. 'At this stage, the most important thing for me is personal development,' Ms. Song said. Fewer Chinese people are getting married, a shift with profound implications for China’s economic and social life" (para 1-3). "But the marriage slump — caused in large part by China’s aging population and...more
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"Local media have reported that in 2011 some 40 percent of khula divorces — those in which the wife asks for separation — came after a husband forced her to quit her job. Those numbers are the foundation of a shift in Saudi society, argue analysts like Al Maeena. 'The girls are not marrying just to marry,' Al Maeena says. 'Once there is financial independence for women, believe me, they will not care for [restrictive marriages] anymore.'" (para 16-17).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2, CBMC-PRACTICE-1, CBMC-DATA-1

"Virtually all births in Iraq occur within marriage, since extramarital childbearing is subject to strong cultural and religious sanctions" (9).
Nov. 15, 2016, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"From a liberal point of view, the court’s ruling [civil marriage is not longer a legal requirement for religiously married citizens, see paragraph 1] may be interpreted as a positive one in terms of enhancing people’s freedom to choose the way they want to live"(para 5)
Oct. 12, 2016, 12:11 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"'If I meet a man I love, I will get married to him. I think that a girl has to learn a skill or go to school before going for marriage'" (para 21).
Oct. 8, 2016, 4:08 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

“Marriage is almost universal in Lesotho, but women marry more than 5 years earlier than men, on average. The median age at first marriage is 20.3 years for women age 25-49 and 25.9 years for men age 30-49” (57). “Marriage is nearly universal in Lesotho. By age 45-49, only 6% of women and men have never been married (Table 4.1). Fifty-five percent of women and 37% of men age 15-49 are currently married or living together with a partner as though married (Figure 4.1)” (58).
Oct. 8, 2016, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

“The majority of women (94 percent) are currently married” (29). “The low proportion of women age 25-29 who have never been married (4 percent) indicates that marriage is universal in Bangladesh and that more than nine in ten women marry before age 30” (40). “The proportion of never-married women age 15-19 has increased from 30 percent in 1975 to 55 percent in 2014. Similarly, the proportion of nevermarried women age 20-24 increased from 5 percent in 1975 to 19 percent in 1999-2000 and then declined with some fluctuations to 16 percent in 2014” (40).
Sept. 30, 2016, 10:33 a.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“‘Broadly speaking, non-excision of girls is considered dishonourable in Guinean society,’ the report says. “Social pressure is such that girls may request excision for fear of being excluded or forced to remain unmarried if they do not suffer the practice’” (para 7).
Sept. 27, 2016, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

“It had come as news to Prabhati that the [factory] training program involved traveling 900 miles. But some intention had hardened within her. She wanted to prove the neighbors wrong. She did not care about her marriage prospects because, after examining the marriages that surrounded her in Ishwarpur, she decided she did not want to marry at all. ‘I will go to Bangalore,’ she told her parents. ‘If I come back, then you can get me married. If I don’t come back, you can’t get me married’” (para 27-28).
Sept. 14, 2016, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

“Twenty-four percent of women and 48 percent of men age 15-49 had never been married at the time of the survey” (31). “The universality of marriage in Nigeria probably reflects the social and economic security marriage is perceived to provide (National Population Commission [NPC], 1998). The proportion of women who are divorced, separated, or widowed (5 percent) is higher than the proportion among men (2 percent). Men are more likely than women to remarry after a divorce, separation, or widowhood” (31). “The proportion of women who have never married (or lived with a man) declines sharply with age, from 70 percent among women age 15-19 to 1 percent among women...more
Sept. 14, 2016, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

“While marriage and cohabitation are generally considered primary indicators of exposure to the risk of pregnancy, many women in Namibia bear children outside of a stable union. Visiting relationships are common and many women have children in the context of such unions” (xxi). “The majority of respondents have never been married (58 percent of women and 65 percent of men). Thirty-five percent of women and 31 percent of men are married or living together” (25). “Marriage occurs relatively late in Namibia and a large proportion of women never marry; 17 percent of those age 45-49 have not married” (76). “The trend toward later marriage can be seen in the higher...more
Sept. 14, 2016, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

“One-third of women (33 percent) and nearly half of men (48 percent) have never been married” (32). “A higher proportion of men (48 percent) than women (33 percent) have never been married. In combination, the percentage who are divorced, separated, or widowed is almost three times as high among women as among men (11 percent and 4 percent, respectively)” (49).