The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-3

Aug. 31, 2017, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3

"Many girls who had become pregnant had felt the social and family pressure to marry" (para 9).
Aug. 25, 2017, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3, MARR-LAW-2, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"Other single women, and to a lesser extent single men, are increasingly choosing to adopt and raise a child in a one-parent household. ... in the United States it estimated that in the last few years approximately 25 percent of special needs adoption and 5 percent of adoptions were by single parents" (para 16).
Aug. 25, 2017, 1:35 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3, MARR-LAW-2, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"Other single women, and to a lesser extent single men, are increasingly choosing to adopt and raise a child in a one-parent household. In the United Kingdom 10 percent of all adoptions between 2012 and 2013 were done by single persons" (para 16).
Aug. 24, 2017, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

“The government in Burma is considering introducing a law that would see men jailed for up to seven years if they get a woman pregnant but do not marry her. A senior official said the legislation was being introduced as part of measures designed to strengthen women's rights” (para 1-2). “If the law successfully passes through parliament, it would mean men face a penalty of up to five years in prison if they refuse to marry a woman after they have lived together, and up to seven if she is pregnant” (para 4).
Nov. 18, 2016, 4:54 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-3

"The practice of baad — trading young women to pay debts — is illegal in Afghanistan, and Azam himself could face prosecution for engaging in the practice" (para 7)
Oct. 8, 2016, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

“Marriage in Bangladesh marks the point in a woman’s life when childbearing becomes socially acceptable” (41).
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:46 a.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3

“Most children who are living with a single parent live with their mother (38 percent) rather than their father (6 percent)” (263).
Sept. 6, 2016, 1:39 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3

"Too often, women feel a tremendous amount of pressure to stay in abusive relationships, as they are told that they are bringing shame to the family if they decide to speak out"(41)."Even in extreme situations, women seldom view the legal system as a source of assistance, and the issue of domestic violence is kept shrouded in secrecy. Often cases that do enter the system are withdrawn during the process. Women withdraw cases of domestic violence after complaining to the police for a variety of reasons. These women may fear breaking up the family or being on their own. Given the cultural norms, they may be overcome by stigma and shame. ...more
July 27, 2016, 10:06 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

“The proportion of women who have never married affects fertility levels in a society like Bangladesh, where childbearing outside marriage is uncommon” (48). “Marriage in Bangladesh marks the point in a woman’s life when childbearing becomes socially acceptable” (50).
July 27, 2016, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

“About 14 percent live with their mother only while the father is alive; a slightly higher proportion than observed in the 2008 SLDHS (10 percent)” (21). “Seven percent live with their father while the mother is alive; a slightly higher proportion (9 percent) was observed in 2008” (21).
March 2, 2016, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3

"Despite the country’s rapidly changing ways, Tunisia struggles to adapt its legislation to its modernizing society. In November 2011, 10 months after Tunisian dictator Zine El Abidine Ben Ali fled the country, Souad Abderrahim, a female representative of the Islamist party Ennahda, called single mothers a 'disgrace.' Her statement caused significant outrage in the media and on social networks. Articles were published in response on the award-winning collective blog Nawaat, while Tunisian activist Lina Ben Mhenni, a 2011 Nobel Peace Prize nominee, called Abderrahim’s declaration 'outrageous'" (para 5). "Most of the women who get pregnant outside of marriage prefer to run away from home to avoid scorn and humiliation from ...more
Jan. 2, 2016, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3

"Though laws governing surrogacy have yet to be passed, the government outlined its position in an affidavit placed before the Supreme Court on Oct. 28. It said India 'does not support commercial surrogacy and the scope of surrogacy is limited to Indian married infertile couples only, and not to foreigners.' A previous order had already barred gay and unmarried couples and single people from hiring surrogates"(para 7). The inability of single people to hire surrogates indicates that the government and possibly society believes that single parenthood is unacceptable (ENB- Coder Comment)
Dec. 21, 2015, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-2, MARR-PRACTICE-3, CBMC-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"A few weeks after the National Constituent Assembly elections, Souad Abderrahim, the 'non-veiled' spokeswoman of the Islamic party Ennahda, said that 'single mothers are a disgrace to Tunisians and do not have the right to exist'. She added: 'In Arab-Muslim customs and traditions in Tunisia there are no room for full and absolute freedom…'. Such statements eventually paved the way for the rise of Islamic fundamentalism, calling for polygamy and Shariaa Law" (para 8)
Oct. 14, 2015, 11:02 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3

"According to the Survey on Household Expenditure in BiH [Bosnia and Herzegovina] in 2007, the total number of single parent households and households with single parents living in extended families in BiH is 115,640 which represents 10.9 percent of total households. Of the total number of households, single parent households make up 75,253 or 7.1 percent at the State level, of which 49,108 in the FBiH (7.5 percent), 24,849 (6.6 percent) in RS [Republika Srpska], 1,296 (percent not calculated due to small sample) in BDBiH, while the number of households with single parent living with other relatives are 40,387 or 3.8 percent at the State level, of which 25,531 are ...more
July 11, 2015, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3

"Single parenthood has increased in high-income countries in recent decades due to increased divorce and an increased share of births to unmarried women" (3)
June 25, 2015, 4:10 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3

"Single parenthood has increased in high-income countries in recent decades due to increased divorce and an increased share of births to unmarried women" (3)
June 25, 2015, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3

"Singles parenthood is not common; when a woman has a baby is within the marriage umbrella. Men can’t claim the kid as his if they are not married ".
May 6, 2015, 3:33 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3

"Society considers it dishonorable to have a child outside of marriage, which is the reason the rate of child marriage is very high in Niger"
April 29, 2015, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3

"However, the fact that government bodies charge a social compensation fee to these out-of-wedlock children has actually required the prerequisite of having a legal marriage before giving birth. This, in Huang's opinion, has deprived these unmarried birth-givers of their legal rights" (para 15)
April 24, 2015, 9:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3

"There is some stigma to being a single mother. Some women, however, do choose single motherhood, because they haven't found a husband or they don't want a husband but want to have a child. This is especially the case for well educated and wealthy women. They face difficulties with registering their child (marriage is required), but there are back doors. For some disadvantaged women, this could be a problem (as far as the child not being able to be registered and thus not being eligible for some public services). Women do sometimes use artificial or commercial reproduction methods to have a child" (para 15)
April 22, 2015, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3

There is no stigma against single or unmarried mothers. In the recent presidential election, one of the candidates was a single mother. When one of her opponents tried to use that against her in a campaign, many people got very angry. The single mother ended up being elected as president.
Jan. 2, 2015, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3

Table 2.9 Birth Registration of Children under age 5. "If the child’s birth was not registered, the respondent was asked to give a reason. Among the small group of children age 0-59 months whose birth was not registered (2 percent), the main reasons given for non-registration were that a parent had no passport (21 percent) or the marriage was not registered (12 percent); 61 percent of respondents did not know the reason (data not shown separately)" (24-5)
Dec. 23, 2014, 3:02 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3

"With 6500 babies abandoned every year, Morocco is now encouraging single parents to be reconciled as the most constructive way forward. L’Association Solidarité Feminine (ASF), the Casablanca charity featured in the film, has been at the forefront of changing attitudes over the past thirty years, and at the centre of the campaign to reform the Family Code" (Para 20)
Aug. 19, 2014, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3

"Despite the anxiety society still feels about single mothers, most American mothers aged 26 to 31 had at least one child when they were not married. And the number of these millennial single mothers is increasing. In fact, in a study just released by researchers at Johns Hopkins University, only about a third of all mothers in their late twenties were married when all their kids were born. And two thirds of them were single when at least one of their kids were born" (para. 1). "Motherhood is beginning to show the fissures along income and education lines that have already appeared in other aspects of U.S. society, with a ...more
Aug. 27, 2013, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3

"Radical Islamists are compiling a list of unmarried mothers in northern Mali, raising fears of cruel punishments such as stoning, amputations and executions...Islamists controlling most of the north have vowed to impose a stricter form of Islamic law, or sharia. Local radical groups have said the law condemns relationships outside marriage" (para 1, 2). "There are reports Islamist groups are compiling lists of women who have had children out of wedlock, or who were unmarried and pregnant...Extremists have conducted public executions, amputations, floggings and other inhuman and degrading punishments" (para 3, 6)
July 16, 2012, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3

" It continued to be illegal in almost all provinces for a single woman to have a child. Hunan Province required individuals conceiving children out of wedlock to pay 6 to 8 percent of their income from the previous year in addition to the standard social compensation fee. The law states that family-planning bureaus will conduct pregnancy tests on married women and provide them with unspecified "follow-up" services. Some provinces fined women who did not undergo periodic pregnancy tests. For example, in Hebei Province fines ranged from RMB 200 to RMB 500 (approximately $30 to $70), and in Henan Province fines ranged from RMB 50 to RMB 500 ($7 to ...more
March 2, 2012, 1:50 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3

"The number of divorces has also declined, but it has been suggested that because women are burdened with greater financial dependence on their husbands, they have less freedom to break away from bad relationships. Evidence points to the fact that single-parent families exist almost exclusively due to the migration or death of the other parent" (23)
Feb. 15, 2012, 7:02 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3

"The Maputo City Office of Women and Social Action continued its program to rescue abandoned orphans and assist single mothers who headed families of three or more persons. It also offered special classes to children of broken homes in local schools. NGOs sponsored food, shelter, and education programs in all major cities"(section 6).
Jan. 6, 2012, 9:57 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3

"According to Ms Zhuge, this is part of a broader movement over the past few years towards greater social liberalism in China. In the big cities it is now fine for a couple to live together without being married; divorce is getting more common; and being gay is no big deal. But having children out of wedlock is still unusual because the bureaucratic complications are" (4)
Nov. 4, 2011, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-3

Badal, the age-old custom of marrying off pairs of brothers and sisters between families, is designed to cement ties and save money. If a family looking for a wife for their son find that she has a brother, they can offer their daughter's hand in marriage to him to even out the transaction.