The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-4

July 20, 2019, 10:39 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee is also concerned that women in de facto unions and the children resulting from such unions are left without any form of legal protection with regard to economic matters upon the termination of such a union" (14).
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"In the context of the increasing number of divorces, single-parent households, a majority of which are headed by women, and de facto unions, the Committee notes with concern: (a) That there is no legal provision regulating de facto unions (referred to as “free cohabitation of partners”), which may deprive women of protection and redress in the case of separation from a partner" (13).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"However, the Christian community is possibly the only religious community in Bangladesh which practices, de facto, equality in inheritance and maintenance. The influence of the church is possibly the single most important factor in this regard. All marriages are also usually registered with the respective denominational churches" (10).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee is concerned at: (a) Reports of unregistered marriages and their adverse impact on the acquisition of rights by women during such unions and of their entitlements upon dissolution of the unions, especially in the absence of legal recognition of de facto unions" (15).
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee is also concerned about the high number of unregistered marriages" (15).
May 11, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"In indigenous villages, girls younger than 18 years who became pregnant could live as common- law wives with their child’s father after the men presented traditional apologies to the girls’ families, thereby avoiding the filing of a complaint to police by the families. The girls frequently married the fathers as soon as legally permissible" (17).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel

"The country lacks a civil marriage law. In order to be considered legal, civil marriages, marriages of some non-Orthodox Jews, marriages in non-Orthodox ceremonies, same-sex marriages, marriages of a Jew to a non-Jew, or marriages of a Muslim woman to a non-Muslim must take place outside the country to be considered legal, because religious courts refuse to conduct these marriages" (17).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"Security forces harassed, arrested, and detained individuals they suspected of being gay or transgender. In some cases security forces raided houses and monitored internet sites for information on LGBTI persons. Those accused of “sodomy” often faced summary trials, and evidentiary standards were not always met. Punishment for same-sex sexual activity between men was more severe than between women (42).
March 25, 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The law prohibits consensual same-sex sexual activity. 'Voluntary sodomy' is a misdemeanor with a penalty for conviction of up to one year’s imprisonment. LGBTI activists reported LGBTI persons faced difficulty in obtaining redress for crimes committed against them, including at police stations, because those accused of criminal acts used the victim’s LGBTI status as a defense. In February a senior LNP officer stated officers should not protect LGBTI individuals because their identity as LGBTI persons violated the law, although there is no such law" (29).
March 22, 2019, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The State’s response to social relations of today, which include new forms of symbiotic relationships and a growing diversity, was the enactment of The Civil Union Law 2015 [L.184(I)/2015] on 9 December 2015, which introduced the institution of civil union in national legislation. Legally, a civil union (between same or opposite sex partners), has the same effects and consequences as a marriage solemnised in accordance with the Marriage Law, with the exception of issues relating to adoption. Up to January 2017, 88 civil unions had been solemnized" (35).
March 14, 2019, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee remains concerned that the economic and welfare rights of women living in de facto relationships may not be adequately protected, unless they have common children or had entered into an explicit agreement with their partner" (15).
March 13, 2019, 7:37 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The Colombian constitution provides that marriage is governed by the civil law and gives the legislative branch the power to establish regulations on it in accordance with the social and cultural realities of the country" (39).
March 12, 2019, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"There are no laws against consensual same-sex activity, but little information was available on discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. In 2014 the Korean Central News Agency, the state news agency, denied the existence of consensual same-sex activity in the country and reported, 'The practice can never be found in the DPRK boasting of sound mentality and good morals'" (22).
March 11, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The State does not have the right to intervene in the interpersonal relations of spouses; however, it protects the social guarantees of the institution of the family through the registration of marriages by the civil registry offices. Currently, a common position has been reached between the Ministry of Religious Affairs and Civil Society and the Muftiyat on mandatory certification by the civil registry offices of religious неке кию (marriage) ceremonies. This requirement is driven by the interests of protection of the rights of citizens, especially women and children. Measures are being taken to ensure that traditions and religion are not used as a basis for discrimination against women. For example,...more
March 5, 2019, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"Religious and cultural taboos against same-sex sexual conduct were widespread" (28). This implies that same sex couples would not be able to access civil unions, however, it is not specified (CCS-CODER COMMENT).
Feb. 4, 2019, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The UK has made significant progress towards equal rights with 15,098 marriages celebrated between same sex couples in England and Wales in the 15 months after extending marriage to same sex couples, and more same sex couples becoming adoptive parents... Scottish Government made provision through the Marriage and Civil Partnership (Scotland) Act 2014 for same sex couples to marry" (8).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The laws in Eritrea permit three ways of concluding marriage: civil, religious or customary… In reality, the majority of marriages concluded in Eritrea are either customary, religious, or a mixture of customary and religious. Civil marriages are rarely used for lack of knowledge, cultural preference, and limited access to officers of civil status. Marriages by Christians are usually a mixture of both customary and religious ceremony. Traditionally, common features of these marriages include providing a guarantor (wahs in Tigrinya), dowry (outlawed by Proclamation No. 2/1991), feast (food, drink such as: enjera and swa, and dancing), and church ceremony" (8).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"...allowing same sex couples living in a free union to gain insurance through the family benefit and make hospital visits to their partners…" (18).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"A law adopted December 24 provided same sex cohabitating couples the right to enter into civil union partnerships" (29-30).
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

“States across the nation have recognized same-sex marriage, opening up new opportunities for same-sex couples seeking to form the families they desire. As of April 2015, 37 states and the District of Columbia had statutes recognizing the right of same-sex couples to marry” (xx)
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"New Zealand’s first same-sex marriages occurred in August 2013. Between their introduction and the end of 2014 there were a total of 695 same-sex marriages between New Zealand residents. There were 686 civil unions in the three years from 2012 to 2014, the majority of which took place between same-sex couples" (page 34).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya

"...homosexual acts remain criminalized" (3)
June 1, 2018, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee is further concerned that the criminalization of same-sex relationship results in women being completely excluded from legal protection. It is also concerned about the information that the law enforcement officers are allowed to arbitrarily detain them" ( 5).
May 29, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee is further concerned that the criminalization of same-sex relationship results in women being completely excluded from legal protection. It is also concerned about the information that the law enforcement officers are allowed to arbitrarily detain them" ( 5).
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti

"Given that the majority of couples in the State party are comprised of consensual unions, the Committee is also concerned that the bill on the recognition of consensual unions (plaçage) is not included in the legislative agenda, thereby depriving women in the State party of equal rights with men in family relations" (16).
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"That the Civil Code does not recognize de facto heterosexual relationships, while the vast majority of women in the State party are in de facto unions" (14).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The country does not recognize any relationship between LGBTI partners in terms of health care, parental rights, property rights, or any publicly provided services"(25)."An examination of nursing homes by the Central American NGO Center for the Investigation and Promotion of Human Rights (CIPAC) on March 13 revealed that the nursing homes barred gay couples from residing in them together. In addition to mentioning the need for awareness about the LGTBI community among their staff, the respondents, which included nursing homes’ staff members and caretakers, noted that residents faced expulsion from the nursing homes upon discovery of being in a same-sex relationship. CIPAC also interviewed members of the LGTBI community, who...more
Dec. 14, 2017, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

At 7:42 of the video Brishti [she was 13] says "With my wedding, nothing happened traditionally. When we went to their house after seven days, the neighbor told us that the guy was already married. But it was too late to do anything" (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 8, 2017, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"Mizuho Fukushima, 60, a member of the upper house of Parliament from the Social Democratic Party who has repeatedly proposed a revision of the single-surname law, said she had remained in a common-law marriage for nearly four decades with Yuichi Kaido, a lawyer with whom she has a daughter" (para 31).
Dec. 8, 2017, 2:30 p.m.
Countries: Japan

"In the absence of legal reform, some couples choose not to legally register their marriages, even though women in such relationships have fewer legal protections" (para 30).