The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-4

Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The laws in Eritrea permit three ways of concluding marriage: civil, religious or customary… In reality, the majority of marriages concluded in Eritrea are either customary, religious, or a mixture of customary and religious. Civil marriages are rarely used for lack of knowledge, cultural preference, and limited access to officers of civil status. Marriages by Christians are usually a mixture of both customary and religious ceremony. Traditionally, common features of these marriages include providing a guarantor (wahs in Tigrinya), dowry (outlawed by Proclamation No. 2/1991), feast (food, drink such as: enjera and swa, and dancing), and church ceremony" (8).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"...allowing same sex couples living in a free union to gain insurance through the family benefit and make hospital visits to their partners…" (18).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"A law adopted December 24 provided same sex cohabitating couples the right to enter into civil union partnerships" (29-30).
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

“States across the nation have recognized same-sex marriage, opening up new opportunities for same-sex couples seeking to form the families they desire. As of April 2015, 37 states and the District of Columbia had statutes recognizing the right of same-sex couples to marry” (xx)
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"New Zealand’s first same-sex marriages occurred in August 2013. Between their introduction and the end of 2014 there were a total of 695 same-sex marriages between New Zealand residents. There were 686 civil unions in the three years from 2012 to 2014, the majority of which took place between same-sex couples" (page 34).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya

"...homosexual acts remain criminalized" (3)
June 1, 2018, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee is further concerned that the criminalization of same-sex relationship results in women being completely excluded from legal protection. It is also concerned about the information that the law enforcement officers are allowed to arbitrarily detain them" ( 5).
May 29, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee is further concerned that the criminalization of same-sex relationship results in women being completely excluded from legal protection. It is also concerned about the information that the law enforcement officers are allowed to arbitrarily detain them" ( 5).
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti

"Given that the majority of couples in the State party are comprised of consensual unions, the Committee is also concerned that the bill on the recognition of consensual unions (plaçage) is not included in the legislative agenda, thereby depriving women in the State party of equal rights with men in family relations" (16).
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"That the Civil Code does not recognize de facto heterosexual relationships, while the vast majority of women in the State party are in de facto unions" (14).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The country does not recognize any relationship between LGBTI partners in terms of health care, parental rights, property rights, or any publicly provided services"(25)."An examination of nursing homes by the Central American NGO Center for the Investigation and Promotion of Human Rights (CIPAC) on March 13 revealed that the nursing homes barred gay couples from residing in them together. In addition to mentioning the need for awareness about the LGTBI community among their staff, the respondents, which included nursing homes’ staff members and caretakers, noted that residents faced expulsion from the nursing homes upon discovery of being in a same-sex relationship. CIPAC also interviewed members of the LGTBI community, who...more
Dec. 14, 2017, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

At 7:42 of the video Brishti [she was 13] says "With my wedding, nothing happened traditionally. When we went to their house after seven days, the neighbor told us that the guy was already married. But it was too late to do anything" (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 8, 2017, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"Mizuho Fukushima, 60, a member of the upper house of Parliament from the Social Democratic Party who has repeatedly proposed a revision of the single-surname law, said she had remained in a common-law marriage for nearly four decades with Yuichi Kaido, a lawyer with whom she has a daughter" (para 31).
Dec. 8, 2017, 2:30 p.m.
Countries: Japan

"In the absence of legal reform, some couples choose not to legally register their marriages, even though women in such relationships have fewer legal protections" (para 30).
Dec. 7, 2017, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The Egyptian Center for Women’s Rights (ECWR) strongly condemns the statements of the two MPs addressing women. The first MP released a statement calling for female university students to undergo mandatory virginity tests and to submit what proves their virginity. He added that this virginity test should be conducted every year as a condition for the female university students to get their university ID. He claims that this procedure will reduce ‘urfi marriage"(para 1)."These statements [from the MPs] are also accusing students and girls of ‘urfi marriage and bad conduct, and a strong violation for the constitution"(para 3)
Dec. 6, 2017, 10:43 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The committee, which is made up of 18 independent experts also expressed concerns about the flogging and death penalty for LGBTI children as a result of their sexuality or even perceived gender expression. And asked Iran to decriminalize same sex relations and end harassment, and bullying of LGBTI children. The CRC particularly criticised Iran for 'cruel and degrading treatment' of the LGBTI with electroshocks, hormones, strong psychoactive medications and forcible surgical treatment and urged that 'those responsible for these acts be held accountable' for their actions" (para 4-5).
Nov. 3, 2017, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"Safaa (pseudonym), 27, had a 'fatiha' marriage (traditional marriage) at age 15 that was not officially registered.She lived with her husband in a village between the cities of Settat and Khouribga. They have a son who was 3 years old at the time of the interview"(8-9)."Human Rights Watch recommended...The bills should clearly define 'domestic violence,' and criminalize marital rape. In line with UN standards, it should include former spouses and individuals in non-marital intimate relationships, among other categories, as well as married cohabiting spouses"(10)
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Nepal

"She [Lily Thapa, chief of Women for Human Rights] said many widows lacked documents to claim their dead husband’s property or faced difficulties getting rebuilding grants because their marriage was not registered, as is common in Nepal"(para 9)
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Russia

"He [Chechnya’s dictator Ramzan Kadyrov] advocates polygamy as the solution when women run foul of traditional law, saying it is 'better to be a second or third wife than to be killed'. Though he officially bans under-age marriage and bridal abduction, cases of local security servicemen forcing very young girls into marriages, and as second or de facto temporary wives have been reported"(para 16)
July 19, 2016, 3:56 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago

"The Cohabitational Relationships Act, 1998 (confers rights and obligations to common-law spouses with respect to interests in property and maintenance);" (12) "In recognition of the high prevalence of common law unions, the Cohabitational Relationships Act, 1998 was enacted to enforce the rights of common law spouses. Prior to this enactment, it was estimated that no fewer than 40,724 people lived in common law unions, without protection of their rights. Under this Act, common law spouses living in a cohabitational relationship for not less than five (5) years or who have a child arising out of that relationship, have the right to make an application for maintenance and adjustment of property,...more
July 4, 2016, 9:14 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The national government’s decision to promote and protect the rights of the lesbian, gay, transgender, bisexual, and intersexual (LGTBI) population was established in Law 26.618, the Egalitarian Matrimony Act, passed in 2010. This made the rights of marriages formed by heterosexual and homosexual couples completely equal" (8).
June 7, 2016, 8:39 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"Japan’s highest court on Wednesday upheld a law dating back more than a century that requires married couples to share the same surname...Some couples have chosen not to register their marriages — opting instead to stay in common-law relationships with fewer legal protections — in order to keep separate surnames" (para 1-2)
May 15, 2016, 7:55 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"It stems from the constitutional principle that children born out of wedlock have the same rights and obligations as the ones born in wedlock (Article 72, par. 3); therefore, parents’ have equal rights and obligations towards children whether they were born in or out of wedlock (Article 6, Family Law). The Family Law recognizes only maintenance and property-legal effects of common-law marriage, which means that a union of longer duration between a man and a woman (common-law marriage) is rendered equal with marriage with regard to the right to mutual support and other property-legal relations, if there are no obstacles for a valid marriage (Article 12)." (83)
May 14, 2016, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"In June a family court recognized the first “gay common-law marriage,” basing the decision on a provision of the 2013 youth law that includes a provision legalizing domestic partnership benefits only for persons between 18 and 35 years of age" (18).
April 4, 2016, 7:21 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"On November 21, 2006, the Supreme Court took a significant step of recognizing civil marriages which had taken place between Jewish Israeli residents and citizens outside of Israel. A Jewish man, who wanted to divorce his wife after having been civilly married outside of the State, turned to the Rabbinical Court which stated that the marriage should not be recognized and are therefore dissolved. The wife, who did not want to divorce her husband, petitioned the decision to the High Court of Justice based on her fear of loosing her right to alimony. The Court determined that the Rabbinical Court could not dissolve the marriage based on the fact that...more
March 31, 2016, 1:32 p.m.
Countries: Syria

"Messages between a British Isis fighter in Syria and his common-law wife, read in a UK court last month, revealed that many fighters are taking several wives"(para 21)
March 31, 2016, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"Messages between a British Isis fighter in Syria and his common-law wife, read in a UK court last month, revealed that many fighters are taking several wives"(para 21)
March 14, 2016, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"Since none of Adalat’s marriages was ever officially registered she had no legal basis to claim anything from any of her three ex-husbands. Azattyk contacted Chinara Yrysbaeva, the legal representative at the Nookat mayor’s office. Yrysbaeva said there were many cases like Adalat’s in the district. Yrysbaeva said when these divorced wives come to officials seeking alimony or child support there is nothing officials can do since their marriages were never officially registered." (13,14)
Feb. 26, 2016, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The amendments to the Family Act were adopted in 2007. The Family Act regulates marriage, relations between parents and adopted children, custody issues, the effects of cohabitation of a woman and a man, and the procedures of competent bodies in family relations and custody. The provisions of this Act also apply to cohabitation on the basis of Article 3, that is, to the union between an unmarried woman and an unmarried man who have lived together for at least three years, or less if their union has resulted in a child" (59-60)
Feb. 23, 2016, 5:52 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee also remains concerned at the large number of marriages based only on a religious ceremony (nikokh), given that such marriages are not always registered and may deny women and children legal and economic protection if they are dissolved" (9)