The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-5

Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar

"Dowry System: Dawei: In four townships of Tanintharyi Region (Tavoy/Dawei, Laung Lon, Thayetchaung and Yebyu townships). Dowry system in place for marriage with most dowries ranging from 5 to 15 million Kyat. A higher dowry is fetched for women from wealthy families, property owners, university graduates, government civil servants or teachers. Perception of wedded women as “property” that is “bought” for a dowry. As a result women have little say in who they marry and there is a perception that the man can do anything he wants to his wife including domestic violence. Source: Tavoyan Women’s Union (TWU). Kuki: According to Kuki tradition, dowry is given in the form of...more
Nov. 15, 2018, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"It is also concerned about harmful cultural practices within the indigenous legal systems which are based on gender stereotyped roles for men and women, such as “bride price” and which perpetuate discrimination against indigenous women and girls" (10).
Oct. 5, 2018, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"A Russian documentary-maker has launched a bid to save a young bedouin girl from being sold as a wife for 50 sheep when she reaches the age of 11 or 12" (para 1). "Zakura's father estimates her value at 50 sheep, which is considered quite a good price given that the groom, who might be significantly older than the bride, will be entirely responsible for her" (para 15).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"Girls are often betrothed between the ages of 8 and 14 and conclude the marriage between the ages of 13 and 15" (6). "In reality, the majority of marriages concluded in Eritrea are either customary, religious, or a mixture of customary and religious... Traditionally, common features of these marriages include providing a guarantor (wahs in Tigrinya), dowry (outlawed by Proclamation No. 2/1991), feast (food, drink such as: enjera and swa, and dancing), and church ceremony" (8).
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"Women and girls were at times sexually exploited through so-called temporary marriages, a practice more common in Shia than in Sunni traditions, under which a man gives the family of the girl or woman dowry money in exchange for permission to “marry” her for a specified, limited period" (para 248)
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"'[A family's] last recourse might be selling their daughter'" (para 19). The article does not indicate if this practice is legal or not, but it appears that families do view this as an option for making money when they are desperate enough (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"Customary bride-price payments continued to increase in value and contributed to the perception of male ownership of women...The majority of women entered into marriage through 'bride-price payment,' a practice that encouraged men to view women as property" (11).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"Customary bride-price payments continued to increase and contributed to the perception of ownership over women" (10). "Customary bride-price payments continued to increase and contributed to the perception of ownership over women and their children by the family of the husband" (12).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"Customary bride price payments continued to increase. This contributed to the perception by many communities that husbands owned their wives and could treat them as chattel" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"According to traditional practice, a bride’s family must pay the husband’s family a predetermined amount, or dowry, based on the husband’s training and education. The practice of paying dowries is illegal...Nevertheless, dowries remained common, especially in the Terai region...Women’s rights activists stated that the high cost of dowries significantly contributed to gender-based violence in much of the Terai region, where there were sporadic incidents of killing (or attempted killing) of brides over dowry disputes, despite efforts to eradicate the practice. Activists claimed that in Dhanusa district, for example, the cost of a dowry had increased over the past several years from the cost of a cow (25,000 rupees or $250)...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"With the exception of some ethnic and religious groups, the groom’s family provided a bride price to the bride’s family, usually in the form of money, livestock, or other goods, although this practice had become somewhat less common" (15).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"According to a 2013 report by the UN special rapporteur, the practice of 'moletry,' in which girls are married off at a younger age in exchange for oxen received as a dowry, continued. The parents of a boy (usually around age 15) look for a spouse for their son (girls may be as young as age 12), after which the parents of both children organize the wedding. The parents hold a written agreement for one year that they may prolong. If a child is born after the first year and the marriage contract has expired, the girl--or, if she is very young, her mother--will be responsible for raising the child....more
Aug. 30, 2018, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"In Timor-Leste, the term barlake encompasses more than a bride price in that it refers to a range of ritual contributions as well as exchanges made between the fetosan (husband's family) and the umane (wife's family). In the prevailing patriarchal system, the bride's family or clan is commonly categorised as wife-givers (or life-givers, manegsan/umane) and the husband's family as wife-takers (or life-takers, fetosan). This complex practice of bride price obliges the husband's family to offer the wife's family gifts, offerings and contributions of traditional items such as livestock, food, handmade craft and jewellery for ceremonies and other significant life events such as marriage and funerals, throughout the period of marriage....more
June 30, 2018, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"Dowry payments are widespread. About 90-95% of the time Hindus marry within their broad caste group" (Para 3). "Although caste is still powerful in Dharavi, it is gradually giving way to the money god. Teenage boys insist that good jobs—government jobs especially—are now more important, both for snagging good partners and for asserting control over marriage decisions. One of the boys, an orphan, has a girlfriend and wants to marry her. Her parents object to his caste, but he reckons he can wear down their objections by finishing his education and getting a better job" (Para 8).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"The Committee...remains concerned, however, about the persistence of...harmful practices, such as…bride price" (5)
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"The Committee is concerned about: (a) The ongoing practice, especially in rural and remote areas, of giving girls as brides to settle blood feuds, and the continued payment of “bride prices” in certain regions . . . The Committee, drawing attention to joint general recommendation No. 31 of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women/general comment No. 18 of the Committee on the Rights of the Child on harmful practices (2014), recommends that the State party: (a) Ensure that any form of sale or exchange of women and girls for the purpose of dispute settlement is criminalized, investigated and prosecuted and that perpetrators are adequately punished" (page 8).more
June 6, 2018, 7:20 a.m.
Countries: Somalia

"National Assembly majority leader Aden Duale has urged his fellow clansmen to lower the bride price, stating that in many instances, it is too high. The legislator, while asking Muslim men to marry more wives and get more children, said that the dowry demanded by most families is out reach for many" (para 1-2).
May 31, 2018, 4:26 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"Bride price practices across Africa: . . . Kenya: Pastoral communities insist that it is paid in cattle and it has been cited as a cause of cattle rustling" (para 15).
May 31, 2018, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"Bride price practices across Africa: . . . Niger: There is an official maximum rate for a bride price of 50,000 CFA francs ($83, £54) but many pay much more than this" (para 14).
May 31, 2018, 4:24 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"Bride price practices across Africa: South Africa: Known as 'lobola', it is a sign of the man's commitment to take care of his wife and is seen as a symbolic act rather than a purchase" (para 13).
May 31, 2018, 4:22 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"Campaigners said that it turns a woman into the husband's property. Should a marriage end in Uganda, the wife had been expected to refund the bride price - often paid in livestock. But it was argued that as women tend to have less wealth than their husbands, many became trapped in unhappy relationships" (para 4-6). "Many Ugandans support the idea of a bride price, which they do not see as a commercial transaction. . . . The BBC's Patience Atuhaire in the capital, Kampala, says that traditionally the bride price is seen as an honour and a sign that the couple are entering into a respectful marriage. Mifumi said that...more
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji

"iTaukei Fijian women in rural areas, are often unfairly prejudiced by Fijian traditional customs in marriage. Once married, an iTaukei Fijian women moves from her father’s village to reside in her husband’s village and during the wedding ceremony, her family presents a “tabua” (whales tooth) to her husband’s family asking them to take good care of her. Once her husband dies, her family will again present another “tabua” to her late husband’s family as in the iTaukei customs, she must return to her father’s family. This makes them dependent on men throughout their lives, firstly, their father, then their husband, then, once they become widows, they depend on the goodwill...more
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to combat discriminatory gender stereotypes and harmful practices by launching awareness-raising campaigns, but remains concerned that such stereotypes and practices remain prevalent. The Committee is particularly concerned about the persistence of such harmful practices as child marriage, families choosing husbands and the payment of a bride price or dowry, which remain prevalent in rural and remote areas and among minority communities. It also notes with concern the re-emergence of concepts of justice (kanun) and codes of conduct that condone killings of women and girls in the name of so-called 'honour'" (Pg 5).
April 10, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"The Committee is particularly concerned about the de jure maintenance of... the continued practice of dowry" (pg 11).
April 7, 2018, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"After SaharGul's father died, she went to live with her stepbrother, Mohammed. Despite her hard work, Mohammed's wife resented the girl. At age 13, she was sold for over $5,000 and had to move hundreds of miles away with her new husband, GhulamSakhi. Refusing to consummate the marriage, Sahar would be drugged by her mother-in-law and raped by her husband. Facing physical abuse and torture, she was made to live in the cellar, bound, tied, and sleeping on the floor" (Pg 14). "'Amina', aged 12, was forced to marry and bear a child so that her brother could receive the dowry" (Pg 14).
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor

"The Committee notes the State party’s awareness-raising activities aimed at eliminating discriminatory stereotypes and harmful practices, but is concerned that gender stereotypes and adverse cultural norms, as well as harmful practices such as bride price (barlake), child and/or forced marriage and polygamy, are still prevalent in the State party" (5).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar

"The Committee reiterates its concern at the persistence of discriminatory stereotypes concerning the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family, such as the concept of 'the head of the household', which assigns this role to men, and the perpetuation of 'the father’s name and estate' through male heirs. The Committee notes efforts undertaken under the guidance of the Ministry of Justice with various stakeholders, the signing of road maps and the drafting of plans of action to address some harmful practices. The Committee is deeply concerned, however, about the persistence of harmful practices such as child and/or forced marriage, the sale of wives, girl...more
March 30, 2018, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"She reported that women are socialized to accept dowry as the rightful share in ancestral property" (110). "The issue of dowry is critically enmeshed with issue of female inheritance in most Asian societies. In India dowry works as a pre mortem form of inheritance (Kishwar, Stone and Rao). and as a status provider both to bride (among in- laws) and her parents (among kinship). Numerous metaphors in Punjabi folk exhibit and stress the importance of dowry in marriage. A famous folk boli (song) goes like this 'gaddi aa gyi sandookon khaalii ni bahuteyaan bhrawa waaliye' (Translation: Oh! You, new bride, you received nothing in dowry from your wealthy brothers) Rise...more
March 27, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"[The Dowry Prohibition Act] was an abysmal failure as dowries became a nationwide phenomenon, replacing bride price" (para 1).
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"The Committee remains concerned about...the continued practice of dowry" (17).