The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-5

Jan. 18, 2021, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"But Taliban sources told the BBC the practice was creating increasing demand from commanders for funds to pay a 'bride price' - a practice in force in many Pashtun tribes in Afghanistan and Pakistan by which money is given to a woman's family to secure her hand in marriage... Sources said the Taliban leadership was concerned over allegations of corruption against members attempting to raise funds to sustain large or multiple households" (para 3-4).
Jan. 7, 2021, 9:23 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5, ATDW-DATA-1

“’We have entrenched certain practices that make it natural for men to acquire a woman, pay bride prize, later you can say she’s too fat so you devalue her by divorcing her…there is no law that says a woman should bear her husband name after marriage’” (para. 28).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"This contradictory legal Venn diagram was further obfuscated by the Local Customary Law of 1963, which allowed Tanzania's many ethnic groups to adhere to their customs and traditions" (para 24).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"Families often offer their daughter as a bride in exchange for money" (para 6).
Dec. 31, 2020, 4:24 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"Many of such marriages are a result of the poverty of families of these women in border provinces. Around 80% of women married to refugees in Iran are illiterate or barely literate and live in the slums. They are hardly aware of their rights, so they marry refugees sometimes for a small sum of money that is not inconsiderable for these families," Ashrafi said" (para 19).
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"A young Bedouin girl who wants to become a doctor is facing a race against time to avoid being sold as a child bride for 50 sheep soon after she starts her periods" (para 1).
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"The dowry wasn’t much to pay for Eren’s well-off family, just 30 grams of gold in bangles worth $1200. Abdul wanted his father to ask for ten times that much. When Eren’s father said, “I will treat her like my third daughter,” it cinched the deal" (para 22).
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"Women are also entitled to receive a dowry, which is money or property brought by a groom to his bride on their marriage, that they can then use as they see fit" (4).
Dec. 3, 2020, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

“The Committee…is further concerned about the persistence of harmful practices such as bride price” (5).
Nov. 30, 2020, 11:21 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5, DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-DATA-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1

"In the Solomon Islands, women are generally regarded as having a lower social status than men and there are gender inequalities in many areas of life. Women are expected to be obedient, faithful, perform household chores, defer to their husband on decision making and bear children. Physical punishment is often used to discipline women who are seen as stepping outside their prescribed gender role... Men gave the following reasons for intimate partner violence: alcohol, gender inequality, justified as discipline, bride price. Male perpetrators most often become angry with their wives for not conforming to traditional gender roles e.g. not preparing food on time or completing housework, refusing sex, being disobedient...more
Nov. 18, 2020, 3:11 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-PRACTICE-7, AOM-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-LAW-1, PW-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned that, despite efforts such as the Royal Decree No. 55/2010 to prevent the practice of dowry from limiting women’s rights to choose their husbands freely, this custom continues to negatively impact on the rights of women. In this context it is also concerned about the fact that the man is considered the head of the family and married women cannot freely choose their place of residence according to the Personal Status Code. Furthermore the Committee is concerned at reports that, despite the legal prohibition, marriage of girls under the age of 18 is still widely practised and accepted by Omani custom. The Committee is also concerned...more
Nov. 18, 2020, 2 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: SMPP-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, AOM-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3

"It is also concerned about the persistence of harmful traditional practices in the State party, such as child marriage, the dowry system, son preference, polygamy, widows accused of witchcraft, and such practices as c haupadi, j huma, d euki and d han- k haane" (Article 17). Chhaupadi is a form of menstrual taboo which prohibits Hindu women and girls from participating in normal family activities while menstruating, as they are considered impure. (CM - CODER COMMENT)
Nov. 12, 2020, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, IW-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is concerned that such customs and practices perpetuate discrimination against women, and are reflected in women’s disadvantageous and unequal status in many areas, including in public life and decision-making and in marriage and family relations. The Committee notes that such stereotypes also contribute to the persistence of violence against women as well as harmful practices, including female genital mutilation (FGM), polygamy, bride price and wife inheritance; and expresses its concern that despite such negative impacts on women, the State party has not taken sustained and systematic action to modify or eliminate stereotypes and negative cultural values and harmful practices" (Article 17).
Oct. 30, 2020, 11:31 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, AOM-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"It is further concerned about the persistence of harmful traditional practices in the State party, such as child marriage, the dowry system, so-called “honour killings”, sex-selective abortion, sati, devadasi and accusing women of witchcraft. The Committee is particularly concerned that the State party has not taken sufficient sustained and systematic action to modify or eliminate stereotypes and harmful practices" (Article 20). Sati is a practice in India where a widow throws herself onto her husband's funeral pyre. A woman who is a devadasi in modern times is a sex slave. (CM - CODER COMMENT)
Aug. 11, 2020, 7:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-4

“Being born a girl in India, as many such stories will show anyone, comes with a challenge in many families. A heady mix of culture, tradition and empty belief culminate in a demand for the male child, for a girl is not a preferred choice. If anything, a girl is perceived as a liability for many, many families in India, while a boy is seen as an asset. To families that are ridden by poverty and schooled in a warped cultural ideology, a girl is perceived as an extra mouth to feed and an economic burden since she cannot work as a male child can, and since her marriage would...more
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:55 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5

“Teenagers like Sara - not her real name - are all too aware of this. She was meant to be married off to a man twice her age in India over the summer. ‘In exchange for [a] dowry he was going to give me land, a house, gold and all the wedding expenses,’ she said. Sara says it made her feel like an object - ‘like being sold or exchanged’. She managed to escape to a refuge in the UK before the wedding” (para 29-32).
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"women [ . . . ] [in Shortepa district] are viewed as productive assets because of their carpet-weaving skills and often command high bride prices as a consequence. Coupled with this, prevailing gender norms still frown on women spending much time outside of the home and mixing of the sexes is generally prohibited" (pg 22).
June 11, 2020, 3:20 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"Bridegrooms in the predominantly Muslim republic of Chechnya are required to make a payment either to the bride herself or her relatives, according to long-standing custom" (para 1).
June 8, 2020, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, MARR-PRACTICE-5

"It is common in Kachin communities for a groom’s family to pay a dowry to the bride’s family at the time of marriage. This practice is sometimes exploited by traffickers who give 'dowry' to purchase a woman or girl in a manner that may appear to her and her family to be legal and binding. 'Parents are very ignorant and poor,' a Kachin activist said. Traffickers say they will give the dowry to the mother…There is a very long history of this. It is giving respect to the mother and father’s side—you have to give precious things…The Chinese brokers says, 'We love your daughter and we will pay.' She said...more
May 7, 2020, 7:27 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"Four of the 10 countries with the highest rates of child marriage are in west Africa's Sahel and Sahara belt. In the years when rains or crops fail, so-called "drought brides" – who bring in a dowry while being one fewer mouth to feed – push numbers up dramatically." (para 6).
Feb. 5, 2020, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"Between 2012 and 2015, several campaigns were carried out (MPFIFD and associations) to raise awareness among local and religious leaders and the general population throughout the country about the primacy of modern law condemning discriminatory customary practices and local traditions. Examples reported are: (i) abusive and excessive dowry costs" (8). "Awareness-raising activities to combat harmful traditional practices are carried out in all departments. Emphasis is placed on practices such as: (...) (iii) abusive rites (constraints on widowhood, non-recognition of the inheritance rights of widows and orphans; economic exploitation of dowries, domestic violence; female genital mutilation — despite the lack of comprehensive reports on this issue)" (11).
Dec. 21, 2019, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"Child marriage is common in Kapoeta because the communities are cattle keepers and so they use their daughters for wealth" (para 6). "It involved paying a dowry of 60 cows to the bride's family" (para 9).
Dec. 14, 2019, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"Her new husband's family could not find brides for their sons in-state due to the shortage caused by female foeticide and pooled their money to purchase Maajida and, unbeknown to her and her family, she would act as bride to all three men" (para 18). "When a woman marries her family must pay a substantial dowry to her in-laws meaning it can be financially beneficial to have a son" (para 25).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:25 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"The story of Raha, an eleven-year-old girl forced to marry a fifty-year-old man led to a heated debate last February. The man already had a wife and seven children. He paid around $1,500 to 'Raha's parents to marry her. After an intense public outcry, the government intervened and transferred Raha to a care center" (para. 13-14).
Dec. 6, 2019, 2:51 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"The impoverished family scrimped and saved to gather the double dowry the bride's father demanded to marry off his daughter to a boy who was too young to support his own family" (para 7). "Hussaini says UNICEF has recently been registering about 200 Afghan boys each month, aged 11 to 17, as they return to Herat Province from Iran where they've been working to help support their families" (para 21).
Nov. 7, 2019, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-4

"According to the law, a foreign man who wants to marry an Egyptian woman more than 25 years younger than he is must pay a fine of EGP 50,000 ($2,830)." (45-46).
Sept. 24, 2019, 9:15 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5, PW-PRACTICE-3

"Marriages in Papua New Guinea commonly involve a 'bride price' of money or chattel paid to the wives’ families by the husbands’ families, who use the bride price as debt to compel women to remain in abusive or servile marriages (...) Young girls sold into polygamous marriages may be forced into domestic service for their husbands’ extended families or exploited in sex trafficking" (382).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5

"While the law prohibits marriage of boys and girls under the age of 18, many marriages of underage children took place. Bridewealth (dowry) payment made by a groom or his family to the relatives of the bride to ratify a marriage greatly contributed to underage marriage, as parents forcibly married daughters to collect bridewealth or to finance bridewealth for a son. The constitution criminalizes forced marriage. Courts may sentence parents convicted of forcing a child to marry to up to 12 years’ hard labor and a fine of 92,500 Congolese francs ($58). The penalty doubles when the child is under 15. For additional information, see Appendix C" (page 42-43).more
July 19, 2019, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5, PW-DATA-1

"Polygyny and the custom in many tribal cultures of paying a 'bride price' tended to reinforce the view that women were property" (para 53)
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-4

"The constitution criminalizes violence against or oppression of women based on religious, social, or cultural traditions and gives victims the right to compensation. The new criminal code makes the practice of paying dowries illegal and imposes penalties of up to NRs 30,000 ($300), prison sentences of up to three years, or both. The legislation also criminalizes violence committed against one’s spouse in connection to a dowry, imposing fines of up to NRs 50,000 ($500), prison sentences of up to five years, or both. Additionally, the 2015 Act to Amend Some Nepal Acts to Maintain Gender Equality and End Gender-Based Violence stipulates that any psychological abuse of women, including asking for...more