The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-6

Sept. 14, 2017, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Israel's state-sanctioned rabbinate oversees many aspects of daily life for the Jewish majority, including marriage and divorce. There are no civil marriages, meaning that couples must marry or divorce according to religious law — or travel abroad for a civil ceremony. Some women's rights advocates say the religious laws stem from a patriarchal tradition and put the woman at a disadvantage. Christians and Muslims marry according to their own religious customs"(para 8-10)
Aug. 24, 2017, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

“Last year parliament passed controversial laws backed by hardline Buddhist nationalists, restricting marriage between Buddhist women and men of other faiths” (para 11).
June 21, 2017, 12:01 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Under Saudi rules, a woman (or a Saudi man) cannot marry a non-Saudi without official permission" (p 13)
April 6, 2017, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Women must obtain government permission to marry noncitizen men and often faced difficulties, including harassment in attempting to do so, while men did not face similar restrictions" (26).
Jan. 4, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

“Citizenship is derived only through the father. The government did not issue birth certificates to all children born in the country during the year. The government deemed some children--including children of unmarried women, orphans, or of certain interfaith marriages involving a Muslim woman and converts from Islam to another religion--illegitimate and denied them proper registration, making it difficult or impossible for them to attend school, access health services, or receive other documentation. Illegitimate and abandoned children already holding national identity numbers have identity cards that clearly marked them as different; such numbers impeded these children as adults from obtaining employment, housing, and government benefits” (33).
Jan. 3, 2017, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"In northern Rakhine State, local authorities required members of the Rohingya minority to obtain a permit to marry officially, a step not required of other ethnicities (see section 2.d., Stateless Persons). Wait times for the permit can exceed one year, and bribes usually were required. Unauthorized marriages could result in prosecution of Rohingya men under section 493 of the penal code, which prohibits a man from 'deceitfully' marrying a woman, and could result in a prison sentence or fine" (15).
Dec. 23, 2016, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Article 30 [of Algeria's Family Code of 1984]. . . . It is equally temporarily prohibited: . . . The marriage of a Muslim woman with a non-Muslim man" (para 4)
Sept. 16, 2016, 9:02 a.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"The Family Code of 1984 modified by Ordinance No. 05-02 of 27 February 2005:..Article 30.... It is equally temporarily prohibited: ... The marriage of a Muslim woman with a non-Muslim man" (9)
July 27, 2016, 5:30 p.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-1, MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Amendments (2000) to the Constitution of Barbados now protects the equal rights of Barbadian women, whether married or not, to change or retain their nationality. This right is not affected by marriage to a non-citizen or by change of nationality by the husband" (25)
June 13, 2016, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"In 1998, Lebanon’s then President Elias Hrawi proposed a bill for optional civil marriage. It was approved by the cabinet but shelved due to opposition from then Prime Minister Rafik Hariri, whose decision was backed by many of the country’s religious authorities. In March of 2011, a number of civil society organizations submitted a draft law on civil marriage to parliament, but it was never debated" (Para 20). "The majority of Lebanese are not directly opposed to civil marriage, Kaedbey says. There is a small minority that fervently objects to it, and a small minority that passionately supports it. The majority — the 'swing vote' — is composed of those ...more
June 13, 2016, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"For the overwhelmingly Lebanese wedding party, however, there was nothing unusual about this ceremony. Samer and Eva (not their real names) were marrying civilly, which until recently was considered illegal in Lebanon. Many of the guests had previously attended weddings like this one in neighboring countries such as Cyprus and Turkey, which allow civil marriages for those who come from countries that prohibit all but religious ceremonies. And all were familiar with the stigma associated with interfaith marriages in their sectarian state, where unions between people of different religions are legally possible but socially frowned upon, making the absence of the Christian bride’s family at her wedding to a Muslim ...more
May 15, 2016, 7:55 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"The new family law, implementing the constitutional principle of separation of church and state, removed the influence of religion and religious organizations on marriage and family (Article 14 of the Constitution of Montenegro). Marriage and family relations are regulated by law and fall under the jurisdiction of the state. Rules of religious organizations cannot be applied in judicial and administrative practice, and potential religious rituals concerning marriage and family relations have no legal effect. Pursuant to the Law on Inheritance (»Official Gazette of the Republic of Montenegro« 4/76, 10/76 and 22/78) citizens are under identical terms equal in inheritance (Article 4)." (88)
April 4, 2016, 7:21 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"On November 21, 2006, the Supreme Court took a significant step of recognizing civil marriages which had taken place between Jewish Israeli residents and citizens outside of Israel. A Jewish man, who wanted to divorce his wife after having been civilly married outside of the State, turned to the Rabbinical Court which stated that the marriage should not be recognized and are therefore dissolved. The wife, who did not want to divorce her husband, petitioned the decision to the High Court of Justice based on her fear of loosing her right to alimony. The Court determined that the Rabbinical Court could not dissolve the marriage based on the fact that ...more
March 31, 2016, 1:36 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Germany
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Sarah, who is half German, half Algerian, called her father a few weeks later with a young man, Ismail S, an Isis fighter from Germany. He asked her father for permission to marry Sarah; the father refused, demanding that she return home. She stayed in Syria and married Ismail in January"(para 68). It may be worth noting that after traveling all the way to Syria from Germany Sarah still married a German. It may be important to marry within your same nationality in this society (ENB-CODER COMMENT)
March 31, 2016, 1:32 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Girls as young as 14 or 15 are travelling mainly to Syria to marry jihadis, bear their children and join communities of fighters, with a small number taking up arms. Many are recruited via social media"(para 2). This indicates that it may be acceptable for jihadis in Syria to marry someone of a different nationality (ENB-CODER COMMENT)."Sarah, who is half German, half Algerian, called her father a few weeks later with a young man, Ismail S, an Isis fighter from Germany. He asked her father for permission to marry Sarah; the father refused, demanding that she return home. She stayed in Syria and married Ismail in January"(para 68). It may ...more
March 29, 2016, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"The Committee [the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women] notes with concern the continued application of the discriminatory provisions contained in the State party’s Personal Status Act, in particular...the prohibition for Muslim women to marry non-Muslim men" (12)
March 29, 2016, 11:29 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"The Catholic Church has also contributed to combating polygamy by controlling marriage registrations, and supporting monogamic marriage as reflected in the Civil Code. In this regard, Art. 1542 (1) provides that for any catholic marriage celebrated in Timor-Leste, the parish priest must send a duplicate of the parish record to the civil registration service, for transcription into the civil book" (74)
Feb. 26, 2016, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"According to Quran (2:221) Muslim men are free to marry fellow-Muslim women but they are forbidden to marry women from idolatrous communities unless they embrace Islam. They are, however, expressly allowed to marry upright women from the ahl-al-kitab, 'people of the book', meaning Jews and Christians, and, according to Shi’a, Zoroastrians, who are followers of the divine religions with a revealed scripture (5:6). However, this concession is allowed to Muslim men only. Muslim women are not allowed to marry adherents of another religion under any circumstances. It is asserted that a Muslim woman who marries a non-Muslim man, under his influence, will convert from Islam to her husband’s religion. The ...more
Jan. 21, 2016, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

“The court however ruled that 'religion determines the validity of marriage while the law determines the validity of administration …'” (para 16).
Jan. 14, 2016, 2:29 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"In a marriage between a Sunni and a Shia, each person is generally permitted to retain his or her own beliefs. Moreover, all Muslims are encouraged to marry within the faith. Unlike women, Muslim men may take Christian or Jewish spouses" (9). "A father of Shia daughter filed a case in 2009 requested the court to divorce his daughter from her Sunni husband in Sunni contract dated May 2008 as she got married without his approval, so the marriage is void. The father requested to terminate the Sunni marriage contract, even with her rejection of the marriage termination. The verdict of January 2010 was to terminate the marriage contract and ...more
Jan. 8, 2016, 1:36 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"If Lebanese couples of mixed religious backgrounds decide to marry, then they have to fly to Cyprus to have their union recognised - but perhaps not for much longer" (1). "The vast majority of marriages in Lebanon go through religious courts, following a law from the era of the French mandate. This makes it difficult for civil unions to be enacted or mixed sect and religous marriages to be validated" (4). "The Mediterranean island is a well-known destination for Lebanese couples who want to obtain a civil marriage. However, if couples don't belong to a religious group in Lebanon, then their marriages are legally treated as civil issues, although this ...more
Jan. 6, 2016, 10:52 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4, DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"She gave birth shackled in a Khartoum jail cell in May while awaiting execution by hanging for refusing to renounce Christianity. Her Muslim father had claimed she had abandoned Islam and committed adultery with her Christian husband, as mixed-faith marriages are not recognised in Sudanese courts" (para 16).
Jan. 1, 2016, 2:16 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"We had our marriage licensed here in Rafa, we got married and I wanted to go back with him, but the Israelis forbid it…after two years he has worked on issuing me a visitation permit as a newly bride, and it was issued for three days, I went there and we had the wedding. I stayed there for a year and a half, when I got pregnant with my eldest daughter Chadeer, (when she was three months old inside my belly) I really wanted to visit my family, but I wasn't aware of the coming consequences of my decision. I wanted to return after a week or two, but the ...more
Dec. 31, 2015, 12:33 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Gory recounted a story about a young couple that had left the village together in order to marry. Traditionally, as recompense, the boy’s family would need to give one of their daughters in marriage to the girl’s family in order to make up for the loss. As part of the trainings – which include rights and religious law – offered to local CDCs by Afghanaid through the National Solidarity Program, they realized this custom did not respect the rights of the young girl who would be given to the other family. As an alternative solution, they agreed that the girl and boy who had run off together would be married" ...more
Dec. 28, 2015, 9:55 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"She was sentenced in May to hang for renouncing Islam - sparking an outcry - but was released from jail on Monday. Mrs Ibrahim's husband is a Christian from South Sudan and is a US citizen" (para 2-3)
Dec. 22, 2015, 10:43 a.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"And all were familiar with the stigma associated with interfaith marriages in their sectarian state, where unions between people of different religions are legally possible but socially frowned upon, making the absence of the Christian bride’s family at her wedding to a Muslim unfortunate, but not shocking" (para 6). "Interfaith marriage then, the stuff most Lebanese civil ceremonies are made of, is perceived by many as both dangerous and dishonorable" (para 9). "But in 2013, a Shiite Muslim named Nidal Darwish and his Sunni Muslim fiancée, Kholoud Sukkarieh, both now 31 years old, broke with social and political convention by successfully carrying out and registering the first civil marriage on ...more
Sept. 9, 2015, 10:29 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"The Committee notes with concern that under the 2002 Family Code…women may enter into marriage only with the consent of a guardian (art. 7) and may not get married to a non-Muslim man unless the latter converts to Islam (art. 23)" (13)
Aug. 21, 2015, 9:26 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"KHAN YUNIS, Gaza Strip- Many Palestinian women are being deprived of their inheritances in the Gaza Strip, and the problem is widespread and growing, especially among families who own land. Amina Hassan (a pseudonym) and her three sisters say they became the victims of their brother, who seized most of their real estate inheritance...According to Amina, many men proposed to her, but her brother refuses to allow her to marry to ensure the remaining part of the inheritance remains among family members" (para 1-2, 4). "Lawyer Hala Nabhan, an official of a WAC [Women's Affairs Center] project on women’s inheritance rights in Gaza, agreed that the practice is growing and ...more
Aug. 19, 2015, 1:54 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

The Nationality Act No. 38 of 2005 establishes the procedures for acquiring, granting, revoking and restoring Qatari nationality without making any distinction between women and men, except for cases where a Qatari woman is married to a foreigner. Nationality is not granted to foreign husbands and children of Qatari women in such cases, as this is a sovereign matter over which the State has discretionary authority (47). “It is not permitted under the Family Act for women to contract their own marriage. Article 26 provides: ‘The guardian of the woman shall conclude her marriage contract, with her consent.’ It also states that the guardian in marriage is the father, or ...more
Aug. 12, 2015, 10:39 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"The legislation in Azerbaijan does not prohibit religious marriages and in fact, religious marriages exist in most families in parallel to official marriages. According to Article 1.5 of the Family Code, marriage settlement (kabin) on religious rules has no legal effect. However, it is widely spread among the population due to religious and national traditions. There are even cases in regions, when families prefer a religious marriage. From this point of view, awareness-raising campaigns on family and marriage issues, on the lack of legal value of a religious marriage are being carried out across the country and targeting the population at large. Caucasian Muslims Office has prohibited 'kabin' without an ...more