The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-6

Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"The NCCE makes no reference to the validity of a religious or customary marriage celebrated outside of Eritrea. A considerable number of Eritreans live abroad. Those who are in neighboring countries, especially in Sudan, make use the service of an Orthodox Church to conclude a contract of marriage. Weddings at the Eritrean Orthodox Church in Khartoum are conducted regardless of citizenship, as long as the parties can sufficiently identify themselves; and as long as one of them satisfies as an Orthodox Christian and a member of the church... Similarly, Eritreans can also get married before an Ethiopian Orthodox church in Khartoum (14).
Sept. 6, 2018, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"On the other hand, there are Hindu girls and women who decide to marry a Muslim and convert of their own free choice. Their angry parents will register an FIR and file a case of kidnapping against the groom and his family. Women in these circumstances place advertisements in local newspapers declaring they have converted and married of their own free will" (para 2). "In both cases, the rights of the girls and women get trampled on by families, by authorities and by criminals... in [this instance], a woman’s right to choose her religion and her marriage is endangered by her own family" (para 3)
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Local interpretation of sharia prohibits Muslim women from marrying nonMuslims and Muslim men from marrying women 'not of the book,' generally meaning adherents of religions other than Islam, Christianity, and Judaism" (10).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Citizens must obtain government permission to marry foreigners, which was generally not granted for female citizens" (7).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"The law forbids marriage between Muslim women and non-Muslim men and requires male citizens serving in police or the military to obtain government approval to marry nonnationals. Nevertheless, the government offered only nonbinding advice on such matters and did not prevent any such marriages. According to an official, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs prohibited the country’s diplomats from marrying noncitizens without the diplomat being asked to resign" (8).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Married Bahais and their children faced difficulties obtaining national identification cards because the government did not recognize Bahai marriages as legitimate" (26-27). "For example, a female Muslim citizen cannot legally marry a non Muslim man. If she were to do so unofficially, she would face significant societal harassment" (40).
June 30, 2018, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Marriage, one woman explains, is becoming freer and easier—“less stiff-necked”, as she puts it. All have far more choice when it comes to picking a marriage partner than their parents knew: two of the women have even married men from another religion" (Para 1).
April 7, 2018, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-1, MARR-PRACTICE-6

"The Committee notes with concern that a Bruneian woman who is married to a foreign national is required to submit an application under the Nationality Act in order to transmit her Bruneian citizenship to her children, while the children of a Bruneian father and a non-Bruneian mother automatically acquire such nationality. The Committee is also concerned that the foreign husband of a Bruneian woman and the foreign wife of a Bruneian man do not enjoy equal status when applying for permanent residence status" (Pg 7).
Feb. 28, 2018, 2:27 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"The Yazidi faith is theologically diverse, with strands of Islam, Christianity and Zoroastrianism. It is strictly closed, so a child must be born a Yazidi to worship as one, and adults must marry a Yazidi to build a family in the faith. Any sexual contact with a nonbeliever means banishment, a strict bar that treats rape no differently from a consensual relationship. The faith is thought to date back as early as 1200, though some argue its roots go even further back. Violence against Yazidis has been so frequent over the centuries that their word for attempted extermination – ferman – long predates the coining of its English equivalent, genocide"...more
Feb. 28, 2018, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"The Yazidi faith is theologically diverse, with strands of Islam, Christianity and Zoroastrianism. It is strictly closed, so a child must be born a Yazidi to worship as one, and adults must marry a Yazidi to build a family in the faith. Any sexual contact with a nonbeliever means banishment, a strict bar that treats rape no differently from a consensual relationship. The faith is thought to date back as early as 1200, though some argue its roots go even further back. Violence against Yazidis has been so frequent over the centuries that their word for attempted extermination – ferman – long predates the coining of its English equivalent, genocide"...more
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:14 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6, MARR-PRACTICE-7

"'Getting groped or touched by sexual harassers would happen on average once a month [in Cairo],' recalls Sara, the daughter of an Egyptian mother and a Moroccan father. Sara was born and raised in Kuwait"(1)
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6, MARR-PRACTICE-7

"'Getting groped or touched by sexual harassers would happen on average once a month [in Cairo],' recalls Sara, the daughter of an Egyptian mother and a Moroccan father. Sara was born and raised in Kuwait. She moved to Egypt for a year"(1)
Dec. 21, 2017, 2:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-PRACTICE-6, MARR-PRACTICE-9

"'It costs a very huge amount of money for normal Chinese man to get married to a Chinese woman,' explained Ha Thi Van Khanh, national project coordinator for the U.N.'s anti-trafficking organization in Vietnam. Traditionally, Chinese men wishing to marry local women are expected to pay for an elaborate banquet and to have purchased a new home to live in after the wedding. 'This is why they try to import women from neighboring countries, including Vietnam'" (para 16).
Dec. 20, 2017, 2:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6, MARR-LAW-5

"Based on Iran’s civil code, the marriage of an Iranian woman to a foreign national is dependent upon special permission from the Foreign Ministry. In practice, this means that Iranian women need to get permission to marry non-Iranian Muslims. Iran's civil code forbids Muslim women from marrying non-Muslim men. An estimated 70,000 marriages between Iranian women and Afghan men are not registered with the National Organization for Civil Registration. Meanwhile, Iran’s Interior Ministry has declared all marriages between Iranian women and Afghan men that took place after 2001 invalid" (para 2). "In contrast, Iranian men may marry Muslim or non-Muslim women and Iranian or non-Iranian women without obtaining permission from...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 10:21 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"“The jirga members… decided to punish the girl in a novel way so no one in future can dare to marry without consent of their parents and give a bad name to the village" (para 5). “Love marriage is quite frequent in our village and jirgas always helped in resolving disputes" (para 14).
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"The Worker’s Party of Korea (WPK) is the key governing body in the country; party membership is dictated by social and family background and is the key determinant of social mobility. The government divided citizens into strict loyalty-based classes known as 'songbun,' which determined access to employment, higher education, place of residence, medical facilities, certain stores, marriage prospects, and food rations"(6)."The country is racially and ethnically homogenous. There are officially no minorities"(11)
Oct. 30, 2017, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Others remain constrained by Nubia's traditional mores and customs. Still others have gradually moved away from those traditions. Nevertheless, the bonds of marriage continue to stand, as families insist that Nubian women marry Nubian men in order to preserve the Nubian heritage throughout their lives, according to accounts given by Nubian girls to Al-Monitor"(para 1)."The area's geographic isolation and linguistic distinctiveness reinforces the importance of Nubian women marrying Nubian men. On the other hand, Nubian men are often free to marry whomever they desire. Some women believe in the importance of marrying a Nubian man in the conviction that they are the only ones capable of protecting them, while comparatively...more
Sept. 14, 2017, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Israel's state-sanctioned rabbinate oversees many aspects of daily life for the Jewish majority, including marriage and divorce. There are no civil marriages, meaning that couples must marry or divorce according to religious law — or travel abroad for a civil ceremony. Some women's rights advocates say the religious laws stem from a patriarchal tradition and put the woman at a disadvantage. Christians and Muslims marry according to their own religious customs"(para 8-10)
Aug. 24, 2017, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

“Last year parliament passed controversial laws backed by hardline Buddhist nationalists, restricting marriage between Buddhist women and men of other faiths” (para 11).
June 21, 2017, 12:01 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Under Saudi rules, a woman (or a Saudi man) cannot marry a non-Saudi without official permission" (p 13)
April 6, 2017, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Women must obtain government permission to marry noncitizen men and often faced difficulties, including harassment in attempting to do so, while men did not face similar restrictions" (26).
Jan. 4, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

“Citizenship is derived only through the father. The government did not issue birth certificates to all children born in the country during the year. The government deemed some children--including children of unmarried women, orphans, or of certain interfaith marriages involving a Muslim woman and converts from Islam to another religion--illegitimate and denied them proper registration, making it difficult or impossible for them to attend school, access health services, or receive other documentation. Illegitimate and abandoned children already holding national identity numbers have identity cards that clearly marked them as different; such numbers impeded these children as adults from obtaining employment, housing, and government benefits” (33).
Jan. 3, 2017, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"In northern Rakhine State, local authorities required members of the Rohingya minority to obtain a permit to marry officially, a step not required of other ethnicities (see section 2.d., Stateless Persons). Wait times for the permit can exceed one year, and bribes usually were required. Unauthorized marriages could result in prosecution of Rohingya men under section 493 of the penal code, which prohibits a man from 'deceitfully' marrying a woman, and could result in a prison sentence or fine" (15).
Dec. 23, 2016, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Article 30 [of Algeria's Family Code of 1984]. . . . It is equally temporarily prohibited: . . . The marriage of a Muslim woman with a non-Muslim man" (para 4)
Sept. 16, 2016, 9:02 a.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"The Family Code of 1984 modified by Ordinance No. 05-02 of 27 February 2005:..Article 30.... It is equally temporarily prohibited: ... The marriage of a Muslim woman with a non-Muslim man" (9)
July 27, 2016, 5:30 p.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-1, MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Amendments (2000) to the Constitution of Barbados now protects the equal rights of Barbadian women, whether married or not, to change or retain their nationality. This right is not affected by marriage to a non-citizen or by change of nationality by the husband" (25)
June 13, 2016, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"In 1998, Lebanon’s then President Elias Hrawi proposed a bill for optional civil marriage. It was approved by the cabinet but shelved due to opposition from then Prime Minister Rafik Hariri, whose decision was backed by many of the country’s religious authorities. In March of 2011, a number of civil society organizations submitted a draft law on civil marriage to parliament, but it was never debated" (Para 20). "The majority of Lebanese are not directly opposed to civil marriage, Kaedbey says. There is a small minority that fervently objects to it, and a small minority that passionately supports it. The majority — the 'swing vote' — is composed of those...more
June 13, 2016, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"For the overwhelmingly Lebanese wedding party, however, there was nothing unusual about this ceremony. Samer and Eva (not their real names) were marrying civilly, which until recently was considered illegal in Lebanon. Many of the guests had previously attended weddings like this one in neighboring countries such as Cyprus and Turkey, which allow civil marriages for those who come from countries that prohibit all but religious ceremonies. And all were familiar with the stigma associated with interfaith marriages in their sectarian state, where unions between people of different religions are legally possible but socially frowned upon, making the absence of the Christian bride’s family at her wedding to a Muslim...more
May 15, 2016, 7:55 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"The new family law, implementing the constitutional principle of separation of church and state, removed the influence of religion and religious organizations on marriage and family (Article 14 of the Constitution of Montenegro). Marriage and family relations are regulated by law and fall under the jurisdiction of the state. Rules of religious organizations cannot be applied in judicial and administrative practice, and potential religious rituals concerning marriage and family relations have no legal effect. Pursuant to the Law on Inheritance (»Official Gazette of the Republic of Montenegro« 4/76, 10/76 and 22/78) citizens are under identical terms equal in inheritance (Article 4)." (88)
April 4, 2016, 7:21 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"On November 21, 2006, the Supreme Court took a significant step of recognizing civil marriages which had taken place between Jewish Israeli residents and citizens outside of Israel. A Jewish man, who wanted to divorce his wife after having been civilly married outside of the State, turned to the Rabbinical Court which stated that the marriage should not be recognized and are therefore dissolved. The wife, who did not want to divorce her husband, petitioned the decision to the High Court of Justice based on her fear of loosing her right to alimony. The Court determined that the Rabbinical Court could not dissolve the marriage based on the fact that...more