The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MMR-PRACTICE-1

Oct. 8, 2018, 3:45 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"If anything went wrong, Anna said she would rather endure the pain at home than go to a hospital; she had heard stories of about doctors mistreating women who had attempted abortion or refusing them care... 'It’s not an isolated perception. Effectively, this happens and obviously since women think it will, they’d rather not go,' she explained. The consequences of not going to the hospital could be grave. These insecure abortions add to maternal death rates,' added León" (para 25-26).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:49 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Girls who marry before 18 are at a higher risk of dying in childbirth" (para 12).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Women in some areas, such as the RACN and the RACS, did not have widespread access to medical care or programs, and maternal death was more likely to affect poor rural women than their urban counterparts" (21).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The UN Development Program (UNDP) attributed the high rate of maternal deaths to inadequate access to integrated reproductive health services by women. The UN Population Fund (UNFPA) reported that poverty, remote locations, and a lack of education exacerbated delays in seeking potentially life-saving maternal medical care. Midwives at times had little formal training. Medical personnel also routinely mistreated and denied proper care to women who sought assistance for complications from unsafe abortion" (26).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Major factors influencing high maternal mortality included the low rate of attendance by skilled personnel, high fertility rate, and poor quality of many medical facilities" (23).
Sept. 4, 2018, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe

"Inadequate medical facilities, an advanced HIV/AIDS epidemic, poorly trained health-care professionals, and a shortage of health professionals contributed to a high maternal mortality rate of 470 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2013" (34).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The government and numerous international organizations continued efforts to reduce the maternal mortality rate through a variety of pilot projects. During the year the government partnered with a foreign government to form “MomConnect,” an SMS (short message service) based messaging service to provide health information to pregnant women; the service enrolled approximately 500,000 mothers by year’s end. Primary challenges were low awareness among mothers of available antenatal care, the high HIV/AIDS rate, poor administrative and financial management, poor quality of care, and lack of accountability in the health-care system" (33).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"With more than 75 percent of the national health budget directed towards maternal and childcare, the Ministry of Health endeavored to decrease maternal mortality by providing financial assistance to women seeking skilled delivery care in a health facility and to family planning services" (30).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The country had a high maternal mortality rate (408 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2013), and a woman’s lifetime risk of maternal death was one in 41 due in part to poor clinical capacity for obstetric emergencies and a severe lack of doctors (1,452 for a population of approximately 25 million) and nurses, particularly in rural areas. Other reasons included poor infrastructure, a high HIV/AIDS rate, high rates of adolescent pregnancy (166 per 1,000 women ages 15 to 19 between 1999 and 2012), and poor access to health-care facilities, often resulting in delays in providing medical care" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The major factors influencing maternal mortality and contraceptive prevalence rates were female illiteracy, lack of knowledge about availability of services, cost of services, social pressure against contraceptive use, and limited availability of transportation to health centers and hospitals for those in rural areas" (28).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"AIDS and adolescent pregnancy both were factors in these high rates" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Major factors that contributed to high maternal mortality included the distance from and high cost of health centers, low quality of hospital services, chronic maternal malnutrition (including anemia), lack of adequate spacing between pregnancies, and the high rate of unsafe abortions. Increasing rates of adolescent pregnancy also contributed to the high incidence of maternal deaths" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Pregnancy and childbirth remained the leading cause of death among women of reproductive age. Key factors influencing this ratio included a lack of access to antenatal and obstetric care as well as high rates of adolescent pregnancy. According to UN data, skilled health personnel attended just 40 percent of births, and very few medical centers were equipped to deal with obstetric emergencies, especially in small, nomadic, and ethnic villages" (20).
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali

"The Committee reiterates its concern (see CEDAW/C/MLI/CO/5, para. 33) about the inadequate funding of the health-care sector and the limited access to basic health-care services, including sexual and reproductive health care, in particular among rural women, women with disabilities and women living in conflict-affected areas. The Committee is concerned about the persistently high rates of maternal mortality, fertility, early and frequent pregnancy and the resulting demand for obstetric fistula services, HIV/AIDS prevalence among women in prostitution and acute malnutrition affecting women. It notes that the poor health situation of women in the State party is attributed to, among other things, persisting sociocultural barriers, including traditional harmful practices, the lack of...more
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Social Security Law of 31 August 2012, which ensures that women and men enjoy, on an equal basis, the benefits of new insurance programmes, including the provision of maternity insurance for women" (page 2). "The Committee commends the State party on its successful programmes aimed at preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV. It remains concerned, however, at the prevalence of HIV and AIDS and unsafe abortions, which have contributed to the increase in the maternal mortality ratio" (page 12).
Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Law on Health Insurance stipulates that socially vulnerable categories, women during pregnancy and in a year after delivery, older than 65 and those suffering from contagious diseases do not participate in treatment costs, meaning that they have free health protection" (page 31).
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party on drastically reducing maternal mortality and on expanding access by women to sexual and reproductive health services, but is concerned that such access remains limited in rural areas" (page 11).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"In November 2006 a National Commission was formed for the monitoring and reduction of women’s deaths occurring in pregnancy, childbirth, Caesarean section, puerperium and abortion; it began its operations in March 2007. Since 2010 active notifications have been provided of the death or survival of women on account of pregnancy, as well as intake numbers at intensive care centres. The situations are analysed, with the cases in which there was delay, and the institutions are then informed (Table 45 and Figure 3)" (page 31).
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"While noting the policy and administrative measures to ensure the reduction of infant, children and maternal mortality, in addition to the adoption of a national adolescent reproductive health strategy covering the period 2011-2015, the Committee remains concerned at: (a) The limited progress in reducing the maternal mortality ratio in the State party, which in 2010 stood at 454 per 100,000 live births on the mainland and 287 per 100,000 live births in Zanzibar; (b) The criminalization of abortion, except when the life or the physical or mental health of the pregnant woman or girl is at risk, the impact that such criminalization has on the maternal mortality ratio and the...more
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The main causes of maternal deaths were direct obstetric causes: pregnancy-related haemorrhaging and hypertension, and non-communicable diseases" (39). "Starting in 2014, regional organization was introduced and a 3-tier perinatal service was established; perinatal centres are also equipped with the necessary equipment and specialized vehicles; various schemes/algorithms have been devised for use by family doctors and obstetrician-gynaecologists in dealing with obstetric emergencies" (40). "In 2015, seminars for obstetrician-gynaecologists and statisticians on the classification of preventable maternal mortality were held in Ashgabat and five provinces, reaching 120 specialists. Nine clinical protocols were developed for the most frequently requested topics in neonatal care and resuscitation, and doctors and nurses have been trained to...more
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya

"[The Committee] notes with concern the high maternal mortality rate, in part owing to unsafe abortions, and that the State party’s restrictive and unclear legal framework on abortion leads women to seek unsafe and illegal abortions" (11)
May 31, 2018, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Overall, 8% of women who have ever been pregnant have experienced physical violence during pregnancy (Table 17.2 and Figure 17.1)" (page 368).
May 15, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to improve the health status of women and girls through the adoption of such policies as the national health policy of 2016. Nevertheless, it notes with concern...The high rate of maternal mortality, which is partly attributable to the lack of access to skilled midwives and the high number of unsafe abortions" (12).
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The National Sexual Health and Responsible Procreation Programme has launched various initiatives aimed at reducing maternal mortality. These initiatives fall under the umbrella of the Plan to Reduce Maternal and Infant Mortality among Women and Teenage Girls being implemented by the Office of the Under-Secretary for Community Health. The general objectives of the Plan are to improve maternal and child health and the health of teenage girls and women, and to achieve, as a consequence, a reduction in maternal and infant mortality (neonatal and post-neonatal) and an increase in the survival rate of children, teenagers, mothers and women in general. Another aim is to prevent unplanned pregnancies and the development...more
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"High maternal mortality and morbidity rates worldwide are indicators that States Parties possibility breached their duty to ensure women’s access to reproductive health care services" (25). "Government has expanded its food voucher programme for pregnant mothers indicating government’s initiative to reduce child mortality rate and improve maternal health as stipulated under Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 4 and 5. This year, Government allocated $1.4 million that will benefit 4,000 pregnant mothers who attend rural health clinics. The objective of this programme is to improve maternal health and provide nutrition needs required during pregnancies" (28).
April 17, 2018, 4:59 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The main goal of this strategic plan [National Road Map Strategic Plan to Accelerate Reduction of Maternal, Newborn, and Child Deaths in Tanzania-One Plan (2008-2015)] was to reduce maternal, neonatal, and child morbidity and mortality and to attain MDG 4 (to reduce child mortality by two-thirds from the rate in 1990) and 5 (to reduce maternal mortality by three-quarters from the rate in 1990). The target date for achievement of these goals was December 2015. Broad objectives: To provide skilled attendance to women during pregnancy, childbirth, postnatal and neonatal periods, and children at all levels of the health care delivery system; To strengthen the capacity of individuals, families, communities, and...more
April 17, 2018, 4:54 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The National Road Map Strategic Plan to Accelerate Reduction of Maternal, Newborn and Child Deaths in Tanzania (2008-2015) notes that lengthening the intervals between pregnancies can prevent 20% to 35% of all maternal deaths. The National Road Map Strategic Plan focuses on improving access to family planning services through implementation of community-based programs in districts throughout Tanzania" (page 105). "Teenage pregnancy is a major health concern because of its association with higher morbidity and mortality for both the mother and child. Childbearing during the teenage years frequently has adverse social consequences, particularly for educational attainment, because women who become mothers in their teens are more likely to curtail their education....more
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Burkina Faso has acceded to various regional and international initiatives and strategies that promote the health of mothers and children. Fulfilment of those commitments has included, in particular, specific measures for maternal and child health (birth-care and emergency obstetric or neonatal care (SONU) subsidization, free preventive care, reduction of the cost of contraceptives, and procurement of contraceptives under the State budget)" (14-15). "Mechanisms for systematic monitoring of progress achieved in the area of maternal health include sectoral reviews, assessments of SONU needs and of the availability of reproductive health products, weekly monitoring of such products and maternal deaths and ongoing analysis of data collected routinely through the National Health Information...more
April 10, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

" The Committee welcomes the achievements of the State party in reducing maternal and infant mortality and notes the information provided by the delegation of the State party that all women migrant workers are covered by health insurance" (pg 9).
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s significant achievements in reducing infant and maternal mortality" (page 9).