The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MMR-PRACTICE-1

Dec. 14, 2018, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"No matter the rationale, whether better health, education or wellbeing, Misolmali says "stubborn parents" won't stop giving away their children.We see a lot of complications, like cesarean births and girls cut as their bodies are too small to give birth" (para 14-15).
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Marriage Act (1923), the Muslim Marriage and Divorce Act (1961), the Hindu Marriage Act (1945) and the Orisa Marriage Act (1999) allow for girls to be married at 12, 14 and 16 years of age, which causes them to drop out of school and exposes them to health risks, including maternal mortality owing to early pregnancy" (page 6). "The Committee is also concerned at the lack of information on the incidence of unsafe abortion and its impact on women’s health, including maternal mortality" (page 11).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"There continues to be unequal access to quality healthcare between urban and rural residents, despite the Committee’s recommendations in 2008. Around two-thirds of Burma’s population lives in remote, rural areas with little or no access to family planning and maternal health services. Most women in rural areas use traditional birth attendants without official medical training or Government support. Resultantly, there is a big divide in maternal mortality rates between rural and urban areas. Information about and longterm access to contraception for the majority of rural women is not easily attainable. This inability to access or afford healthcare services lead many women in rural areas to unwanted pregnancies and unsafe abortions"...more
Nov. 15, 2018, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Although it notes the establishment of the Observatory of Maternal Mortality, it is concerned, however, that the current maternal mortality rate, 53.5 deaths per 100,000 live births (2010) is far from the proposed MDG target for 2015 of 22.2 deaths per 100,000 live births, which means that as has been acknowledged by the State party, the target will not be accomplished" (9).
Oct. 28, 2018, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"When a mother dies, it is likely that her baby will die before the age of two. Such mothers may leave four or five children" (para 21).
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1

"In rural areas and in some urban areas, . . . lack of funds led to closing of maternity wards and operating rooms. At times cultural norms impeded women’s access to information regarding sexual health. According to 2011 statistics provided by the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), skilled personnel attended approximately 52 percent of births and provided prenatal care in 87 percent of cases; the maternal mortality ratio was 410 deaths per 100,000 live births; and the lifetime risk of maternal death was one in 31. The Ministry of Health and Social Action estimated most maternal deaths in childbirth were preventable if skilled health personnel and emergency obstetrical services were available"...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:12 p.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Table 8.13 presents the distribution of women who have or have had an obstetric fistula according to the cause. The table also represents the distribution of women according to whether or not they sought treatment. In 36% of cases, women reported that the fistula came after a normal birth, 8% after sexual aggression, and 10% for another reason. It must be noted that 42% of women did not respond. Among women who had a fistula, 51% reported having sought treatment." Table 8.13 also shows that 3% of women reported that the fistula came after a miscarriage, and 1% reported it after a pelvic operation (page 115).
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The primary causes of maternal mortality were postpartum hemorrhage, pre-eclampsia, and sepsis. According to the Ministry of Health, as many as 69 percent of all births were delivered by midwives. Oversight for midwifing programs was transferred from the Ministry of Health to the Ministry of Education and Culture. The Ministry of Health and international NGOs identified several factors contributing to the maternal mortality rate, including lack of training for midwives and traditional birth attendants, continued lack of access to basic and comprehensive emergency obstetric care, and limited availability of essential maternal and neonatal medications. Hospitals and health centers did not always manage complications effectively, and financial barriers and the limited...more
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:45 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"If anything went wrong, Anna said she would rather endure the pain at home than go to a hospital; she had heard stories of about doctors mistreating women who had attempted abortion or refusing them care... 'It’s not an isolated perception. Effectively, this happens and obviously since women think it will, they’d rather not go,' she explained. The consequences of not going to the hospital could be grave. These insecure abortions add to maternal death rates,' added León" (para 25-26).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:49 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Girls who marry before 18 are at a higher risk of dying in childbirth" (para 12).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Women in some areas, such as the RACN and the RACS, did not have widespread access to medical care or programs, and maternal death was more likely to affect poor rural women than their urban counterparts" (21).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The UN Development Program (UNDP) attributed the high rate of maternal deaths to inadequate access to integrated reproductive health services by women. The UN Population Fund (UNFPA) reported that poverty, remote locations, and a lack of education exacerbated delays in seeking potentially life-saving maternal medical care. Midwives at times had little formal training. Medical personnel also routinely mistreated and denied proper care to women who sought assistance for complications from unsafe abortion" (26).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Major factors influencing high maternal mortality included the low rate of attendance by skilled personnel, high fertility rate, and poor quality of many medical facilities" (23).
Sept. 4, 2018, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"Inadequate medical facilities, an advanced HIV/AIDS epidemic, poorly trained health-care professionals, and a shortage of health professionals contributed to a high maternal mortality rate of 470 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2013" (34).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The government and numerous international organizations continued efforts to reduce the maternal mortality rate through a variety of pilot projects. During the year the government partnered with a foreign government to form “MomConnect,” an SMS (short message service) based messaging service to provide health information to pregnant women; the service enrolled approximately 500,000 mothers by year’s end. Primary challenges were low awareness among mothers of available antenatal care, the high HIV/AIDS rate, poor administrative and financial management, poor quality of care, and lack of accountability in the health-care system" (33).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"With more than 75 percent of the national health budget directed towards maternal and childcare, the Ministry of Health endeavored to decrease maternal mortality by providing financial assistance to women seeking skilled delivery care in a health facility and to family planning services" (30).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The country had a high maternal mortality rate (408 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2013), and a woman’s lifetime risk of maternal death was one in 41 due in part to poor clinical capacity for obstetric emergencies and a severe lack of doctors (1,452 for a population of approximately 25 million) and nurses, particularly in rural areas. Other reasons included poor infrastructure, a high HIV/AIDS rate, high rates of adolescent pregnancy (166 per 1,000 women ages 15 to 19 between 1999 and 2012), and poor access to health-care facilities, often resulting in delays in providing medical care" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The major factors influencing maternal mortality and contraceptive prevalence rates were female illiteracy, lack of knowledge about availability of services, cost of services, social pressure against contraceptive use, and limited availability of transportation to health centers and hospitals for those in rural areas" (28).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"AIDS and adolescent pregnancy both were factors in these high rates" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Major factors that contributed to high maternal mortality included the distance from and high cost of health centers, low quality of hospital services, chronic maternal malnutrition (including anemia), lack of adequate spacing between pregnancies, and the high rate of unsafe abortions. Increasing rates of adolescent pregnancy also contributed to the high incidence of maternal deaths" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Pregnancy and childbirth remained the leading cause of death among women of reproductive age. Key factors influencing this ratio included a lack of access to antenatal and obstetric care as well as high rates of adolescent pregnancy. According to UN data, skilled health personnel attended just 40 percent of births, and very few medical centers were equipped to deal with obstetric emergencies, especially in small, nomadic, and ethnic villages" (20).
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee reiterates its concern (see CEDAW/C/MLI/CO/5, para. 33) about the inadequate funding of the health-care sector and the limited access to basic health-care services, including sexual and reproductive health care, in particular among rural women, women with disabilities and women living in conflict-affected areas. The Committee is concerned about the persistently high rates of maternal mortality, fertility, early and frequent pregnancy and the resulting demand for obstetric fistula services, HIV/AIDS prevalence among women in prostitution and acute malnutrition affecting women. It notes that the poor health situation of women in the State party is attributed to, among other things, persisting sociocultural barriers, including traditional harmful practices, the lack of...more
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Social Security Law of 31 August 2012, which ensures that women and men enjoy, on an equal basis, the benefits of new insurance programmes, including the provision of maternity insurance for women" (page 2). "The Committee commends the State party on its successful programmes aimed at preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV. It remains concerned, however, at the prevalence of HIV and AIDS and unsafe abortions, which have contributed to the increase in the maternal mortality ratio" (page 12).
Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Law on Health Insurance stipulates that socially vulnerable categories, women during pregnancy and in a year after delivery, older than 65 and those suffering from contagious diseases do not participate in treatment costs, meaning that they have free health protection" (page 31).
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party on drastically reducing maternal mortality and on expanding access by women to sexual and reproductive health services, but is concerned that such access remains limited in rural areas" (page 11).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"In November 2006 a National Commission was formed for the monitoring and reduction of women’s deaths occurring in pregnancy, childbirth, Caesarean section, puerperium and abortion; it began its operations in March 2007. Since 2010 active notifications have been provided of the death or survival of women on account of pregnancy, as well as intake numbers at intensive care centres. The situations are analysed, with the cases in which there was delay, and the institutions are then informed (Table 45 and Figure 3)" (page 31).
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"While noting the policy and administrative measures to ensure the reduction of infant, children and maternal mortality, in addition to the adoption of a national adolescent reproductive health strategy covering the period 2011-2015, the Committee remains concerned at: (a) The limited progress in reducing the maternal mortality ratio in the State party, which in 2010 stood at 454 per 100,000 live births on the mainland and 287 per 100,000 live births in Zanzibar; (b) The criminalization of abortion, except when the life or the physical or mental health of the pregnant woman or girl is at risk, the impact that such criminalization has on the maternal mortality ratio and the...more
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The main causes of maternal deaths were direct obstetric causes: pregnancy-related haemorrhaging and hypertension, and non-communicable diseases" (39). "Starting in 2014, regional organization was introduced and a 3-tier perinatal service was established; perinatal centres are also equipped with the necessary equipment and specialized vehicles; various schemes/algorithms have been devised for use by family doctors and obstetrician-gynaecologists in dealing with obstetric emergencies" (40). "In 2015, seminars for obstetrician-gynaecologists and statisticians on the classification of preventable maternal mortality were held in Ashgabat and five provinces, reaching 120 specialists. Nine clinical protocols were developed for the most frequently requested topics in neonatal care and resuscitation, and doctors and nurses have been trained to...more
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1, ABO-PRACTICE-1

"[The Committee] notes with concern the high maternal mortality rate, in part owing to unsafe abortions, and that the State party’s restrictive and unclear legal framework on abortion leads women to seek unsafe and illegal abortions" (11)
May 31, 2018, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Overall, 8% of women who have ever been pregnant have experienced physical violence during pregnancy (Table 17.2 and Figure 17.1)" (page 368).