The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MMR-PRACTICE-1

July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the reduction in the maternal, infant and child mortality rates and the introduction of free care for children under 5 years of age and in relation to specific services for women in the State party. The Committee is concerned, however, about: The extremely high rates of maternal mortality, fertility (7.6 children per woman), early and frequent pregnancy and the resulting incidence of obstetric fistula, and acute malnutrition affecting women" (11).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The MoH has implemented the National Strategic Plan for Prevention of HIV from Mother to Child 2008–2015, which provides care to all pregnant women including blood tests for anemia, HIV/AIDS and STIs. In 2015, 1,216 health facilities provided these services. In 2015, 80 per cent of pregnant women were voluntarily tested for HIV, up from only 15 per cent in 2008" (26). "The Fast Track Initiative Roadmap (FTIRM) for Reducing Maternal and Newborn Mortality 2016–2020 is an extension of the first FTIRM 2010–2015 and outlines the priorities for reducing maternal and child mortality in line with the targets established for the SDGs" (27). "Cambodia is one of only ten countries...more
July 11, 2019, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee remains deeply concerned about the high levels of maternal mortality, often owing to child marriage and subsequent early pregnancy, and about the criminalization of abortion, which forces women and girls to resort to unsafe abortion" (10).
July 9, 2019, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"According to the 2013-2014 ZDHS, maternal mortality rate declined from 591 per 100,000 live births in 2007 to 398 in 2014. The Ministry of Health attributed 30 percent of maternal mortality cases to unsafe abortions, mostly among adolescent girls. The major direct causes of maternal mortality were complications arising during pregnancy and birth, such as hemorrhage, septicemia (blood poisoning), obstructed labor, hypertensive conditions, and unsafe abortion. Barriers that continued to limit access to reproductive health services included limited information, inadequate staffing of rural clinics, lack of infrastructure and transport, cost, religious reasons, and misperceptions surrounding contraceptive use" (Pg 22).
July 8, 2019, 9:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Maternal health is a core dimension of the global health development agenda. Furthermore, the Government of Uganda has prioritised it in the national health agenda through the Roadmap for Accelerating the Reduction of Maternal and Neonatal Mortality and Morbidity in Uganda (2007-2015) and as a strategic and priority health care intervention area under the current Health Sector Development Plan (HSDP 2015/16-2019/20)" (141). "The Government of Uganda hopes that its commitment to a reproductive health strategy as outlined in the second National Development Plan (NDP II) (Republic of Uganda 2015), and the training of health workers in emergency obstetric care and in the management of safe and clean deliveries will go...more
July 8, 2019, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"The 2011 Uganda DHS reported a maternal mortality rate of 438 deaths per 100,000 live births. Skilled healthcare personnel attended 42 percent of births. Health officials attributed the high maternal mortality rate to medical complications and limited capacity of health-care facilities to manage complications" (Pg 29).
July 8, 2019, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The persistently high ratios of maternal and infant mortality, the prevalence of HIV/AIDS among women in prostitution and in rural areas, and acute malnutrition affecting women" (12).
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"Skilled health-care personnel attended approximately 60 percent of births. Although the government provided free cesarean sections, it did not provide free childbirth services generally, and the lack of doctors meant most women used skilled midwives for childbirth as well as for prenatal and postnatal care, unless the mother or child suffered serious health complications. The maternal mortality rate was 400 deaths per 100,000 live births, and a woman’s lifetime risk of maternal death was one in 50, according to the DHS. The most common causes of maternal mortality were hemorrhaging, adolescent pregnancy, and lack of access to skilled obstetric care during childbirth" (Pg 12).
July 3, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"According to 2015 World Health Organization estimates, the average maternal mortality rate in the country was 270 deaths per 100,000 live births. The UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) estimated that only 30 percent of children were delivered by a skilled health professional and 78 percent were delivered at home. Access to maternal health services remained a challenge for people in rural areas, although each district has at least one medical facility that provides maternal care. Sixty-one percent of mothers received antenatal care from a medical professional, and 32 percent of mothers received post-partum care. Recent efforts by the government and NGOs have expanded access to midwives and other skilled professionals in...more
July 2, 2019, 2:25 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"The 2014 UN Trends in Maternal Mortality Report estimated the maternal mortality rate at 310 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2013; 19 percent of these deaths were AIDS related. The UN Population Division estimated 61 percent of girls and women of reproductive age used a modern method of contraception in 2014. According to the Swaziland Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey of 2010 (MICS), three-quarters of all maternal deaths occurred during delivery and in the immediate postpartum period. Access to care was lower in rural than in urban areas" (Pg 19).
July 2, 2019, 12:52 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, MMR-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"The WHO estimated in 2013 that the maternal mortality rate was 216 deaths per 100,000 live births and that skilled health-care personnel attended 31 percent of births. The high maternal mortality rate stemmed in large part from lack of access to reproductive health and emergency obstetric care, particularly in rural areas, lack of access to family planning services, poor sanitation, and chronic undernourishment in poorer areas, as well as infection, malaria, anemia, and hemorrhage" (Pg 65-66).
June 28, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"The most recent maternal mortality rate estimate was 2,054 deaths per 100,000 live births, and a woman’s lifetime risk of maternal death was one in seven. The lack of access to skilled medical care during pregnancy and childbirth resulted in maternal death and disability from treatable conditions, such as infection, hemorrhage, and obstructed birth" (Pg 36).
June 26, 2019, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"The United Nations reported that more than 80 percent of internally displaced women had no access to safe maternal delivery. The maternal mortality ratio was 850 per 100,000 live births due to complications during labor that often involved anemia, FGM/C, and the lack of medical care. A woman’s lifetime risk of maternal death was one in 18" (Pg 35).
June 25, 2019, 9:19 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"It also takes note of initiatives taken through the 'Code Red' strategy to reduce maternal mortality and the distribution of health and birth kits to family health units, which extend to rural and indigenous areas. It is concerned, however, at: (a) Delays in the adoption of the bill on sexual, reproductive, maternal and perinatal health (...) (c)High rates of maternal mortality, mainly owing to the resort to unsafe abortions and health professionals refusing to conduct therapeutic abortions and reporting women who seek abortion-related assistance to the police" (10-11). "High pregnancy rates among girls aged 10–19 years and high rates of maternal mortality among girls aged 15–19 years, as a result...more
June 25, 2019, 7:13 a.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"According to the UN Population Fund, the maternal mortality rate was approximately 1,100 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births, with only 61 percent of births being attended by skilled health professionals between 2006 and 2013. With support from the international donor community, the government continued to implement the free health-care initiative launched in 2010, and the number of women seeking prenatal care and giving birth in medical facilities increased. Nonetheless, the program continued to be plagued with problems delivering drugs and other supplies to rural areas" (Pg 19).
June 20, 2019, 3:46 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"According to the United Nations, the estimated maternal mortality ratio in during the year was 290 deaths per 100,000 live births, with a lifetime risk of maternal death of one in 66. Major factors influencing maternal mortality included lack of skilled health-care attendants at birth, lack of access to health facilities due to cost or distance, and unhygienic conditions. According to the UN Population Fund, skilled birth attendants attended 91 percent of births in 2014" (Pg 32).
June 20, 2019, 11:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Maternal mortality remains among the highest in the world" (2). "Just one example is treatment of fistula, where UNFPA estimates that 4 in every 1000 married Afghan girls and women develop fistula, a high rate strongly linked to the prevalence of early marriage. In spite of this high rate of fistula, the Afghanistan government makes no budgetary allocation for the treatment and reintegration for girls and women with this condition and only UNFPA provides assistance for corrective surgery and reintegration for fistula patients" (10).
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Persistently high rates of maternal mortality, early pregnancy and malnutrition, in particular among indigenous women and girls" (12).
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, MMR-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"According to the most recent UN research, the maternal mortality ratio was170 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2013, a rate attributed to lack of information and services. Few women in rural areas had access to skilled attendants during childbirth, including essential obstetrics and postpartum care. According to UNICEF, deteriorating security, which caused displacement and affected access to medical services, especially in KP and FATA hindered the situation for mothers and children" (Pg 46).
June 12, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: DACH-DATA-1, DACH-DATA-2, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"The government provides free health care for children up to five years of age, leading to increased access to health centers for women’s general and essential obstetric and postpartum care, and prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Due to a shortage of skilled health professionals and limited resources, many women used traditional midwives during childbirth and were referred to hospitals only when the mother or child suffered health complications. According to the 2012 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), 30 percent of births took place in health centers, and skilled personnel attended 29 percent of births. The maternal mortality ratio (the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births) was 630...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The data from the 2011 Demographic and Health Inquiry indicates an increase of pre-natal care to pregnant women from about 85% to 91%, and increased institutional births from 47% to 54%" (22). "Being the health of women and s a national priority, the Government focused on prevention and treatment actions of diseases which women are highly prone to. The following measures stand out from those introduced by the Government: (...) c) The development of a national partnership to promote Maternal, Neonatal and Infants Health (2009); d) The launching of the Campaign to Reduce Accelerated Maternal Mortality in Africa, enlarging the advocacy strategy to promote maternal health involving all interested parties,...more
May 28, 2019, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the low rates of perinatal mortality in the State party. It is, however, concerned about continued reports that childbirth conditions and obstetric services unduly curtail women’s reproductive health choices, including: (a) Unnecessary separation of newborns from their mothers without medical grounds; (b) Disproportionate limitations on home childbirths; (c) Frequent use of episiotomy without medical need and in contravention of the preference of the mother; (d) Undue restrictions on the use of midwives in lieu of physicians or gynaecologists in situations where such use does not pose a health risk" (9).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Major factors contributing to the high maternal mortality rate included lack of access to skilled health care (including emergency obstetric care), adolescent pregnancy, and lack of awareness and education on reproductive health" (37).
May 25, 2019, 3:39 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"A study by the Ford Foundation concludes that 43% of girls are married by 18 years of age. This is closely related to the high material death date: Out of 100,000 births, 820 result in maternal death" (Pg 22).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party for its efforts to reduce maternal and infant mortality by introducing mobile clinics, which provide prenatal and postnatal services at the community level" (9).
April 11, 2019, 11:47 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"As part of a post-crisis institutional and multisectoral support project, a component on assistance and social reintegration for women victims of violence in conflict situation in Côte d’Ivoire was implemented from July 2008 to November 2013, with a view to reducing the maternal mortality ratio and increasing protection for those exposed to gender-based violence, including the victims of the 2002–2007 crisis and the 2010 and 2011 crises. The project covered 10 departments in the central northern and western zones occupied by the Forces Nouvelles, namely Bouaké, Dabakala, Danané, Duékoué, Guiglo, Korhogo, Man, Odienné and Sakassou as well as M’Bahiakro, a department in the republican zone. A number of actions have...more
April 8, 2019, 9:28 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The United Nations has said a lack of access to family-planning services in Myanmar contributes to a high maternal death rate" (para 26).
March 11, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"119. In recent years, the abortion rate in Kazakhstan has shown a decline (2011 — 95,288, 2012 — 95,654, 2013 — 84,265, 2014 — 83,709, 2015 — 81,440, 2016 — 78,857). However, abortion continues to be one of the main regulators of the birth rate and one of the principal causes of maternal mortality" (32).
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The World Health Organization estimated the maternal mortality rate to be 602 per 100,000 live births. This high rate was due to lack of medical equipment, low participation by mothers in programs promoting prenatal care, births without the assistance of health professionals, poor sanitary conditions during birth, and maternal malnutrition. According to UNICEF, skilled health personnel attended approximately 64.5 percent of births. The AFCF stressed that these deficiencies applied in particular to poor women or to those from traditionally lower castes, such as slaves and former slaves, who often lacked access to contraception, obstetric and postpartum care, and treatment for sexually transmitted infections. The Mauritanian Association for the Health of...more
March 1, 2019, 9:06 a.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"In 2010, the government of Tajikistan adopted the National Health Strategy of the Republic of Tajikistan 2010-2020, which identifies several priorities for improving maternal health: improving access to ANC and safe delivery services and decreasing mortality and morbidity during pregnancy (GOT 2010). Among the targets set in the plan were an increase in ANC coverage from 35% in 2009 to 50% in 2015 and 75% in 2020 and an increase in skilled attendance at deliveries from 75% in 2009 to at least 90% in 2020" (117).