The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MMR-PRACTICE-1

Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"UNICEF reported that the deteriorating health system, lack of medicine, and emergency referrals affected the high rate of maternal mortality. The World Food Program found that 31 percent of women surveyed suffered from anemia, which increases the likelihood of maternal mortality. The country reported in its 2009 National Human Rights Reportsubmitted to the UN Universal Periodic Review that 98 percent of women received professional help during childbirth. The 2012 UN Overview of Needs and Assistance in the DPRK report found that 68 percent of monthly deliveries took place at county hospitals or clinics at the village level, but approximately 42 percent of these facilities did not have resuscitation equipment for ...more
Nov. 7, 2017, 10:23 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Where women do make use of maternal healthcare services, the quality of care can vary dramatically, the authors add, with some receiving too little care, too late. That, they say, can be down to delays in recognising or accessing care, as well as poorly-equipped facilities, with too few staff and a lack of evidence-based care.The situation, they add, can arise not only in low income countries, such as those in sub-Saharan Africa, but also in high- and middle-income countries due to social inequalities: black women were more likely to die in childbirth in New York in 2010 than women in North Korea or Vietnam"(para 14-15)
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Maternity wards in the region are below acceptable standards, resulting in preventable maternal deaths and injuries. Corruption is also omnipresent in the health system: without a bribe a pregnant woman can hardly get adequate help. Even a bribe cannot guarantee quality care: women often encounter incompetent and negligent doctors"(para 5)."In one hospital in Ingushetia, several cases of alleged criminal negligence, including instances in which women lost their babies and reproductive organs and one woman died, have been reported, most recently in September 2015. Investigations have so far led nowhere. In Dagestan, three women reportedly died in a hospital in the town of Kizilyurt in the last couple of months, relatives ...more
Oct. 11, 2017, 4:10 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"'There are many factors in maternal deaths in Somalia, but the key factor is the lack of births attended by a midwife or doctor,' says Emily Denness, UNFPA’s midwifery advisor in Somalia. 'That is the big challenge in Somalia'" (para 11). "As the presence and of midwives increases, maternal death in Somalia is decreasing" (para 16).
Sept. 20, 2017, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Ecuador’s Achuar population, nearing approximately 7,000 between the provinces of Pastaza and Morona-Santiago, resides in some of the most remote and hard to access primary rainforest in the country. Due large in part to both geographic and socio-economic limitations, access to healthcare both at the community and urban levels has been significantly limited for the Achuar people.Our model of working with the Achuar is one that addresses all of these limitations by empowering Achuar women and their communities to reduce all preventable deaths in pregnancy, childbirth, and with newborns"(para 2-3)."Ecuador’s current health priority is reducing maternal and neonatal mortality at the national level. As of 2012, the national maternal mortality ...more
Aug. 30, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Dr. Beatrice Burger is a doctor at Bangladesh’s only clinic dealing with fistula" (1). This is a quote from the narrator at 11:05 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
Aug. 11, 2017, 10:32 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Just last year, a postnatal mother dead due to excessive bleeding on the way to Kolti ( place for airport). The uterus got infected due to dirt. I said that the baby gets pneumonia, mother have lower abdominal pain, white discharge, infection in uterus. They replied, nothing will happen once make happy to god. It is very hard to convince in own village" (para 25-26). This comment was made by Ramudevi Malla, a volunteer health worker in Bajura Badhu. She is talking about the difficulties in the custom of women giving birth in sheds or being confined to the sheds post-partum (ENB-Coder Comment)
July 13, 2017, 7:13 p.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

¨AYACUCHO, Peru – In Vilcashuamán, a Peruvian town perched thousands of metres high in the Andes, there is a surprise waiting at the health centre: A notice for expectant mothers declares, ´You decide your birthing position.´Until recently, indigenous women giving birth in a health facility were forced to abandon their traditional labour preferences, including their tradition of giving birth in an upright position. Many women chose to deliver at home instead, where they would be unable to access help if complications arose¨(para 1-2).¨But it was difficult to convince health officials to reconsider their procedures (which were considered unwelcoming and undignified by many indigenous women). The injuries and deaths of indigenous ...more
May 17, 2017, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"In September, a 12-year-old Yemeni child-bride died after struggling for three days in labour to give birth, a local human rights organisation said" (para 19).
March 21, 2017, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Major factors causing high maternal mortality were poor health infrastructure and service delivery as well as high rates of adolescent pregnancy. The health system’s obstetric care capacity was low, and emergency care was available only in Bissau" (11).
March 16, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Coordinating Committee on Traditional Practices Affecting Women’s and Children’s Health reported high rates of infant and maternal mortality due to FGM/C" (21).
March 14, 2017, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Discriminatory attitudes among health-care providers and a lack of culturally sensitive reproductive and maternal health-care services deterred many indigenous women from accessing these services" (16). "The principal causes of maternal mortality included limited access to skilled health-care attendants, early pregnancy, and in some instances poor prenatal and postnatal care. The latest UN Population Agency data estimated that skilled health personnel attended 51 percent of births. Skilled emergency health care for women was limited, including services for the management of complications arising from abortion" (16).
March 7, 2017, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"According to the World Health Organization, hemorrhage, anemia, early pregnancy, and obstructed labor were the main causes of maternal mortality" (21).
March 3, 2017, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The high maternal mortality rate was attributed to inadequate skill of health-care providers, lack of access to emergency obstetric care and family planning services, and high rates of adolescent pregnancy, estimated at 115 per 1,000 for girls and women ages 15 to 19. The Ministry of Health suggested the common practice of not seeking prenatal care also played a role" (16).
Feb. 27, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The incidence of illegal, unsafe abortions had declined since legislation changed, which accounted in part for the drop in maternal mortality" (29).
Feb. 23, 2017, 9:45 a.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The maternal mortality rate continued to decline due to government and private sector efforts to reduce malaria and improve care in hospitals, according to government officials and international observers" (23).
Feb. 15, 2017, 2:46 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The lack of facilities outside the capital and overall dearth of services contributed to poor maternal health outcomes" (20).
Feb. 15, 2017, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Although the country achieved successes in promoting hospital births, a university study cited problems, including: a lack of monitoring of adherence to norms, protocols, and quality of care standards; a generalized lack of accountability and an insufficient culture of patient safety; inadequate referrals and counter-referrals; residents filling in for attending physicians without sufficient supervision; and a dehumanized attitude fostered by a lack of accountability of public health professionals regarding poor persons using public health-care services" (30). "...in 2013 the UN Fund for Population estimated that 22 percent of adolescent girls had been pregnant and that 19 percent of maternal deaths occurred among adolescent girls. Other significant factors contributing to maternal ...more
Feb. 8, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"For women who were poor or lived in rural areas, transportation and the cost of services posed significant barriers to accessing health centers and hospitals. These factors, along with a 4.6 percent HIV/AIDS prevalence rate among girls and women ages 15 to 49, resulted in a high maternal mortality rate" (22).
Feb. 2, 2017, 12:33 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"A number of factors contributed to the high maternal mortality rate, including limited access to health providers and specialists, frequent shortages in supplies and equipment for health centers, lack of specialized knowledge and training, and delays due to transportation problems. At times pregnant women delayed seeking health-care services due to cost and lack of knowledge of the seriousness of a health problem" (28).
Jan. 31, 2017, 11:02 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"'Ninety percent of the fistula cases I see are because of poverty,' says Dr Nafiza, the chief surgeon at the Malalai fistula clinic. Malalai is Afghanistan's only public hospital providing fistula surgery. For those who can afford it, there are a few private clinics providing treatment for fistula. Afghanistan's limited access to healthcare, lack of skilled birth attendants such as midwives, and poor education create a perfect storm for fistula, Nafiza explains. Other factors are cultural: Women in Afghanistan are often deprived of choice in family planning and even their own healthcare. Early marriage is another problem" (para 16-19). "'We see a lot of girls, maybe around 70 percent, who ...more
Jan. 31, 2017, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"A general lack of adolescent reproductive health information and services led to unwanted pregnancies and increased morbidity and mortality among adolescent girls" (10).
Jan. 30, 2017, 4:13 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Factors contributing to maternal mortality included adolescent pregnancies, multiple closely spaced births, and lack of access to medical care" (18).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Reducing mother and child mortality is one of the biggest health challenges in Senegal, where many women do not seek routine medical care, health workers and experts say. They are working with grandmothers in a country which has only five doctors, nurses and midwives per 10,000 people, far below the World Health Organisation's (WHO) recommended minimum of 23 health workers per 10,000 to deliver primary health care. But the grandmother strategy has contributed to shifting attitudes and improving major health statistics, said Bouna Sall, a doctor who works in the region" (para 7-9).
Jan. 18, 2017, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Maternal mortality remained high due to lack of access to medical care, the lack of trained medical personnel, and the high cost of prenatal care, hospital deliveries, and postpartum care" (32).
Jan. 11, 2017, 10:33 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Major factors influencing high maternal mortality rates included a shortage of proper health facilities, medications, and skilled birth attendants" (22).
Jan. 10, 2017, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The very high maternal mortality ratio in the State party;...The fact that the law on abortion criminalizes the procedure without providing any exception, the high incidence of sexual violence and unwanted pregnancies resulting in unsafe abortions, which account for 13 per cent of maternal mortality, and delays in adopting the abortion bill, which decriminalizes the termination of pregnancy based on various socioeconomic grounds;" (10-11)
Jan. 9, 2017, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The main factor influencing maternal mortality was inadequate medical care" (33).
Jan. 3, 2017, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Some NGOs reported that restricted humanitarian access and deaths resulting from abortions carried out under the two-child policy enforced against ethnic Rohingya were likely responsible for Rohingya maternal mortality rates being nearly double the national average. Complications resulting from abortion reportedly were one of the leading causes of maternal deaths. Other major factors influencing maternal mortality included poverty; limited availability of and access to comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services, including contraception, and to maternal and newborn health services; lack of information about and awareness of these problems; a high number of home births; and the lack of skilled birth attendants, midwives, auxiliary midwives, basic health staff, and other trained ...more
Dec. 29, 2016, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Observers attributed the maternal mortality ratio of 341 per 100,000 live births to lack of access to health care in rural areas. AI reported maternal deaths also resulted from inadequate training of health workers" (19).