The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MMR-PRACTICE-1

June 12, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: DACH-DATA-1, DACH-DATA-2, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"The government provides free health care for children up to five years of age, leading to increased access to health centers for women’s general and essential obstetric and postpartum care, and prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Due to a shortage of skilled health professionals and limited resources, many women used traditional midwives during childbirth and were referred to hospitals only when the mother or child suffered health complications. According to the 2012 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), 30 percent of births took place in health centers, and skilled personnel attended 29 percent of births. The maternal mortality ratio (the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births) was 630...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The data from the 2011 Demographic and Health Inquiry indicates an increase of pre-natal care to pregnant women from about 85% to 91%, and increased institutional births from 47% to 54%" (22). "Being the health of women and s a national priority, the Government focused on prevention and treatment actions of diseases which women are highly prone to. The following measures stand out from those introduced by the Government: (...) c) The development of a national partnership to promote Maternal, Neonatal and Infants Health (2009); d) The launching of the Campaign to Reduce Accelerated Maternal Mortality in Africa, enlarging the advocacy strategy to promote maternal health involving all interested parties,...more
May 28, 2019, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the low rates of perinatal mortality in the State party. It is, however, concerned about continued reports that childbirth conditions and obstetric services unduly curtail women’s reproductive health choices, including: (a) Unnecessary separation of newborns from their mothers without medical grounds; (b) Disproportionate limitations on home childbirths; (c) Frequent use of episiotomy without medical need and in contravention of the preference of the mother; (d) Undue restrictions on the use of midwives in lieu of physicians or gynaecologists in situations where such use does not pose a health risk" (9).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Major factors contributing to the high maternal mortality rate included lack of access to skilled health care (including emergency obstetric care), adolescent pregnancy, and lack of awareness and education on reproductive health" (37).
May 25, 2019, 3:39 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"A study by the Ford Foundation concludes that 43% of girls are married by 18 years of age. This is closely related to the high material death date: Out of 100,000 births, 820 result in maternal death" (Pg 22).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party for its efforts to reduce maternal and infant mortality by introducing mobile clinics, which provide prenatal and postnatal services at the community level" (9).
April 11, 2019, 11:47 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"As part of a post-crisis institutional and multisectoral support project, a component on assistance and social reintegration for women victims of violence in conflict situation in Côte d’Ivoire was implemented from July 2008 to November 2013, with a view to reducing the maternal mortality ratio and increasing protection for those exposed to gender-based violence, including the victims of the 2002–2007 crisis and the 2010 and 2011 crises. The project covered 10 departments in the central northern and western zones occupied by the Forces Nouvelles, namely Bouaké, Dabakala, Danané, Duékoué, Guiglo, Korhogo, Man, Odienné and Sakassou as well as M’Bahiakro, a department in the republican zone. A number of actions have...more
April 8, 2019, 9:28 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The United Nations has said a lack of access to family-planning services in Myanmar contributes to a high maternal death rate" (para 26).
March 11, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"119. In recent years, the abortion rate in Kazakhstan has shown a decline (2011 — 95,288, 2012 — 95,654, 2013 — 84,265, 2014 — 83,709, 2015 — 81,440, 2016 — 78,857). However, abortion continues to be one of the main regulators of the birth rate and one of the principal causes of maternal mortality" (32).
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The World Health Organization estimated the maternal mortality rate to be 602 per 100,000 live births. This high rate was due to lack of medical equipment, low participation by mothers in programs promoting prenatal care, births without the assistance of health professionals, poor sanitary conditions during birth, and maternal malnutrition. According to UNICEF, skilled health personnel attended approximately 64.5 percent of births. The AFCF stressed that these deficiencies applied in particular to poor women or to those from traditionally lower castes, such as slaves and former slaves, who often lacked access to contraception, obstetric and postpartum care, and treatment for sexually transmitted infections. The Mauritanian Association for the Health of...more
March 1, 2019, 9:06 a.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"In 2010, the government of Tajikistan adopted the National Health Strategy of the Republic of Tajikistan 2010-2020, which identifies several priorities for improving maternal health: improving access to ANC and safe delivery services and decreasing mortality and morbidity during pregnancy (GOT 2010). Among the targets set in the plan were an increase in ANC coverage from 35% in 2009 to 50% in 2015 and 75% in 2020 and an increase in skilled attendance at deliveries from 75% in 2009 to at least 90% in 2020" (117).
Feb. 26, 2019, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Efforts to encourage women to deliver in well-equipped, professionally staffed health facilities have played a key role in this progress. And to do that, rural health systems have had to embrace something they once ignored: folk traditions and practices" (para. 8 - 9). "NFPA and the organization Medicus Mundi Navarra facilitated dialogues between health authorities and the local community to learn why so few indigenous women were receiving care at clinics" (para. 10).
Feb. 23, 2019, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"In addition, the implementation of the National Strategy on maternal and child mortality has helped to establish community liaison officers, increase the number of basic health facilities (health centres) throughout the country, equip centres, provide essential medications, promote prenatal consultations and increase access to antiretrovirals" (10). "In response to the Committee’s recommendations in paragraph 32 of its concluding observations, it should be noted that the national reproductive health programme is operational. Within that framework, campaigns to combat vesico-vaginal fistula are being conducted across the country, with the support of the World Health Organization. Dr. Mukwege of Panzi Hospital was awarded the Nobel Prize for these campaigns" (10).more
Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Major factors contributing to maternal mortality included lack of access to skilled medical practitioners, lack of family support for pregnant women seeking to visit health centers, and unsafe abortions. Many women and girls gave birth at home with only family members present. The 2013 DHS indicated skilled health personnel attended 55 percent of births" (page 21).
Feb. 6, 2019, 2:48 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"According to the UN Population Fund’s 2015 Trends in Maternal Mortality Report, the country had a maternal mortality rate estimated at 725 per 100,000 live births, and a woman’s lifetime risk of maternal death was one in 28. Reducing maternal mortality remained a priority of the government, and activities in past years included additional training of midwives and providing incentives to pregnant women to seek prenatal care and childbirth at a hospital or clinic. Most women delivered outside of health facilities" (Pg 17).
Jan. 28, 2019, 7:32 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes efforts to reduce the maternal mortality rate, but is concerned that women have limited access to sexual and reproductive health in the State party. It is also concerned about: a) The criminalization of abortion without exceptions resulting in a high number of women and girls seeking unsafe abortions and increasing maternal mortality" (12).
Jan. 8, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The United Nations has found the custom makes women and girls more susceptible to diarrhea, pneumonia and respiratory diseases. They are more vulnerable to rape and abuse when isolated in sheds, and there is an increased risk of infant and maternal death when mother and baby are banished to a shed after birth" (para 16).
Dec. 14, 2018, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"No matter the rationale, whether better health, education or wellbeing, Misolmali says "stubborn parents" won't stop giving away their children.We see a lot of complications, like cesarean births and girls cut as their bodies are too small to give birth" (para 14-15).
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Marriage Act (1923), the Muslim Marriage and Divorce Act (1961), the Hindu Marriage Act (1945) and the Orisa Marriage Act (1999) allow for girls to be married at 12, 14 and 16 years of age, which causes them to drop out of school and exposes them to health risks, including maternal mortality owing to early pregnancy" (page 6). "The Committee is also concerned at the lack of information on the incidence of unsafe abortion and its impact on women’s health, including maternal mortality" (page 11).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"There continues to be unequal access to quality healthcare between urban and rural residents, despite the Committee’s recommendations in 2008. Around two-thirds of Burma’s population lives in remote, rural areas with little or no access to family planning and maternal health services. Most women in rural areas use traditional birth attendants without official medical training or Government support. Resultantly, there is a big divide in maternal mortality rates between rural and urban areas. Information about and longterm access to contraception for the majority of rural women is not easily attainable. This inability to access or afford healthcare services lead many women in rural areas to unwanted pregnancies and unsafe abortions"...more
Nov. 15, 2018, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Although it notes the establishment of the Observatory of Maternal Mortality, it is concerned, however, that the current maternal mortality rate, 53.5 deaths per 100,000 live births (2010) is far from the proposed MDG target for 2015 of 22.2 deaths per 100,000 live births, which means that as has been acknowledged by the State party, the target will not be accomplished" (9).
Oct. 28, 2018, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"When a mother dies, it is likely that her baby will die before the age of two. Such mothers may leave four or five children" (para 21).
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1

"In rural areas and in some urban areas, . . . lack of funds led to closing of maternity wards and operating rooms. At times cultural norms impeded women’s access to information regarding sexual health. According to 2011 statistics provided by the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), skilled personnel attended approximately 52 percent of births and provided prenatal care in 87 percent of cases; the maternal mortality ratio was 410 deaths per 100,000 live births; and the lifetime risk of maternal death was one in 31. The Ministry of Health and Social Action estimated most maternal deaths in childbirth were preventable if skilled health personnel and emergency obstetrical services were available"...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:12 p.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Table 8.13 presents the distribution of women who have or have had an obstetric fistula according to the cause. The table also represents the distribution of women according to whether or not they sought treatment. In 36% of cases, women reported that the fistula came after a normal birth, 8% after sexual aggression, and 10% for another reason. It must be noted that 42% of women did not respond. Among women who had a fistula, 51% reported having sought treatment." Table 8.13 also shows that 3% of women reported that the fistula came after a miscarriage, and 1% reported it after a pelvic operation (page 115).
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The primary causes of maternal mortality were postpartum hemorrhage, pre-eclampsia, and sepsis. According to the Ministry of Health, as many as 69 percent of all births were delivered by midwives. Oversight for midwifing programs was transferred from the Ministry of Health to the Ministry of Education and Culture. The Ministry of Health and international NGOs identified several factors contributing to the maternal mortality rate, including lack of training for midwives and traditional birth attendants, continued lack of access to basic and comprehensive emergency obstetric care, and limited availability of essential maternal and neonatal medications. Hospitals and health centers did not always manage complications effectively, and financial barriers and the limited...more
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:45 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"If anything went wrong, Anna said she would rather endure the pain at home than go to a hospital; she had heard stories of about doctors mistreating women who had attempted abortion or refusing them care... 'It’s not an isolated perception. Effectively, this happens and obviously since women think it will, they’d rather not go,' she explained. The consequences of not going to the hospital could be grave. These insecure abortions add to maternal death rates,' added León" (para 25-26).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:49 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Girls who marry before 18 are at a higher risk of dying in childbirth" (para 12).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Women in some areas, such as the RACN and the RACS, did not have widespread access to medical care or programs, and maternal death was more likely to affect poor rural women than their urban counterparts" (21).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The UN Development Program (UNDP) attributed the high rate of maternal deaths to inadequate access to integrated reproductive health services by women. The UN Population Fund (UNFPA) reported that poverty, remote locations, and a lack of education exacerbated delays in seeking potentially life-saving maternal medical care. Midwives at times had little formal training. Medical personnel also routinely mistreated and denied proper care to women who sought assistance for complications from unsafe abortion" (26).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Major factors influencing high maternal mortality included the low rate of attendance by skilled personnel, high fertility rate, and poor quality of many medical facilities" (23).