The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MULV-DATA-1

Oct. 2, 2018, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"India has one of the world’s largest gender gaps in unpaid care work. In November 2015, the McKinsey Global Institute found that women in India do 10 times as much unpaid care work than men, far above the global average of three times" (para 9).
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

“Women are also three times as likely as men to report having left their job because of caregiving responsibilities (6 percent compared with 2 percent respectively, according to a 2013 AARP survey of people aged 45 to 74)” (92)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-DATA-4, MULV-DATA-1

“women are nine times as likely as men to work part-time for family care reasons” (92)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3, MULV-DATA-1

“The large majority of mothers are in the workforce, including 62 percent of mothers who gave birth within the last 12 months” (95)
Aug. 20, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"The Committee welcomes the initiatives taken by the State party to develop a social protection floor, but is concerned that women living in poverty in rural and urban areas, in particular those working in the informal sector, lack access to social security" (page 12).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: MULV-DATA-1, CL-PRACTICE-1, DLB-DATA-1

"In 2014 the second national survey on time use was conducted. It showed that women’s unpaid workload is twice that of men. True, men are gainfully employed for more hours than women, but when unpaid work is factored in, women have an overall weekly workload that is significantly greater. Sixty-six per cent of women’s labour is unpaid work, while among men it is only 33 per cent of their work (Figures 12 to 14)" (page 40).
May 5, 2018, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-4, MULV-DATA-1

"The Committee is, however, concerned about...The excessive use of consecutive short-term employment contracts for, in particular, younger female workers, which undermines their job security in case of pregnancy" (10).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"Currently, women in Kenya do the vast majority of agricultural work and produce/market the majority of food. Only 29 per cent of those earning a formal wage throughout the country are women, leaving a huge percentage of women to work in the informal sector without any federal support" (28).
Feb. 14, 2018, 3:56 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"The high number of women leaving the workforce after childbirth, the difficulties in re-entering the labour market and the fact that, the reforms notwithstanding, the amount of parental leave taken by men remains very low" (13).
Dec. 13, 2017, 9:05 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"Childbearing has squeezed the opportunities accessible to women in their career growth. A survey shows that 67.4 percent of surveyed women think reproduction has scaled down their chances to get training or promotion in their work, and 47.4 percent of female employees blame it for the deterioration of their work conditions. Moreover, some women have to give up their work for childbearing. Therefore, many women, who want to continue their work, are forced to abandon their plans to have a child or postpone their pregnancy. In particular, women with great potential in their career development dare not to bear their first child, let alone raise a second child, though they...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 7:40 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"The hit [from an oil spill caused by militant groups] to the country’s economy is significant, as more than than two-thirds of state budget comes from crude exports. But what do these numbers not show? How this disaster has shrunk the time that many women had to do paid work by increasing their unpaid work load. The labor that keeps the women in the Niger Delta busy tends to be care work—looking after children, the elderly, the ill—as well as cooking and cleaning. This is work that technically has a market value, but is done for free inside the home, and therefore traditional productivity measures like GDP don’t capture it....more
Nov. 30, 2017, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-3, MULV-DATA-1

"Only 38 percent of women remain in their jobs after having a baby, according to the OECD, due to heavy social expectations placed on mothers and a dearth of child-care centers" (para 8).
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"Many Chechen women remain family breadwinners and still have to do all the housework, but since the war their social status has dramatically changed for the worse"(para 14)
Oct. 4, 2017, 7:02 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, MULV-PRACTICE-1, MULV-DATA-1, AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Like many women, I always thought that after university and finding some financial stability, I would marry and have children. I guess the fact that I grew up in a progressive and supportive family made me forget that the experiences of Afghan women are unlike those of many women around the world. I forgot, for a second, that as a woman unless you can have children, your education, career, and marriage are considered meaningless. I was not prepared for feeling that in the eyes of my community, my only worth as a woman is to bear children in the end"(para 2)."Conceiving soon after marriage is highly glorified in Afghan society....more
Aug. 9, 2017, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"TBILISI, Georgia – The camera zooms in, panning across a marble mantle covered with family photos of three young boys and their happy, smiling parents, then stops on what studies have shown is a statistically uncommon sight in Georgia: A father – in this case Zviad Kvaratskhelia, best-selling author and publisher – sitting in his living room, spending the day alone with his kids – Nikoloz, age 5, Demetre, 3, and Alexandre, 1"(para 1)."'I had never spent time alone with my kids before. They found it bizarre at first to see me changing diapers and cooking for them,' says Zviad. 'But we mustn’t take our families for granted. We must...more
Aug. 7, 2017, 4:16 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

¨However, in the case of Japan, where mothers and fathers may take combined leave of up to fourteen months, some mothers feel the ´mommy track´ is too slow¨(para 2)."Perhaps not surprisingly then, 68 percent of mothers in Japan quit their jobs upon marriage or childbirth. Among the women that do remain economically active, the majority seek part-time or irregular employment"(para 5)."Barriers to women’s labor force participation in Japan include factors yet to be addressed by policy reforms such as the availability of affordable, quality childcare and tax codes that favor men"(para 8)
June 28, 2017, 11:15 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3, ERBG-DATA-4, MULV-DATA-1

Figure 3.3 shows women’s share of part-time workers by main reason for part-time work in 2013. For those who work part-time because they are retired or have a social security limit on earnings, women make up 49.2%. For those who work part-time for slack work or business conditions, women make up 51.4%. For those who work part-time because they are in school or training, women make up 56.5%. For those who could only find part-time work, women make up 59%. For those who turn to part-time work because they have other family or personal obligations, women make up 90.1% of them. And for people who have child care problems and...more
Feb. 1, 2017, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"In 2012, the last time the government surveyed its citizens about their occupation, an astonishing 205 million women between the ages of 15 and 60 responded 'attending to domestic duties'” (para 4).
Jan. 4, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3, MULV-DATA-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-1

“Union officials reported that sectors employing predominantly women, such as secretarial work, offered wages below the official minimum wage of 190 JD ($266) per month. Many women said traditional social pressures discouraged them from pursuing professional careers, especially after marriage” (45).
Nov. 17, 2016, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"The larger role of women in the family, in rearing children, and in contribution to the family budget was noted by more than 50 per cent of the respondents" (24)
Oct. 8, 2016, 4:08 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

“Most of the women who worked in the past year:  Did nonagricultural work (83%)  Worked year-round (61%)  Were employed by a nonfamily member (61%)  Were paid entirely in cash (83%)” (34). “Women are more likely to work if they are divorced, separated, or widowed than if they are married, but the reverse is true for men. Never-married women and men are least likely to be employed (Table 3.5.1 and Table 3.5.2)” (34). “About half of currently married women are employed compared with 83% of currently married men. One-third of currently married women who receive cash earnings report deciding for themselves how earnings will be used; 62%...more
Oct. 8, 2016, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

“At the time of the survey, 33 percent of ever-married women age 15-49 were currently employed. Three percent were not working, although they had worked in the 12 months prior to the survey, while the remaining 64 percent said that they had not been employed in the previous 12 months” (34). “The level of employment increases with the number of children. Women who have five or more children are more likely to be employed (37 percent) compared with women with no children (23 percent)” (34). “Overall, 8 in 10 women who were employed work for cash only, and 6 percent receive cash and in-kind payment. There are significant variations in...more
Sept. 27, 2016, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2, MULV-DATA-1

“In 2012, the last time the government surveyed its citizens about their occupation, an astonishing 205 million women between the ages of 15 and 60 responded ‘attending to domestic duties'” (para 4).
Sept. 14, 2016, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

“Nine in 10 women receive cash (including cash and in-kind) for their work” (31). “Women in the oldest age groups (21 percent); women who are divorced, separated, or widowed (26 percent); women with five or more children (20 percent); rural women (22 percent); and women with a primary education (29 percent) are more likely to work in the agricultural sector” (47). “Table 3.7.1 shows that 9 in 10 women are paid for their work, with 8 in 10 receiving cash only and 10 percent receiving payment in cash and in-kind. Women who work in agriculture are much less likely than women engaged in nonagricultural work to be paid in cash...more
Sept. 14, 2016, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

“The proportion currently employed is considerably lower among younger respondents, especially those age 15-19, probably because many are still in school. Single women and men are also less likely to be working than those who are married or formerly married. For example, 38 percent of women who have never married were employed, compared with 54 percent of women who are married or living together” (33). “Four in five women employed in agricultural work are not paid for their work, while 83 percent of women employed in non-agricultural work are given their earnings as cash only” (39). “Women age 15-49 are employed in two major areas: namely agricultural work and nonagricultural...more
Sept. 14, 2016, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

“Overall, 26 percent of employed women in the agricultural sector are not paid at all, mainly because they are employed by a family member. On the other hand, 14 percent of women who are employed in the nonagricultural sector are not paid for their work” (31). “Never-married women are less likely to be currently employed (50 percent) compared with currently or previously married women (85 percent and 88 percent, respectively). Current employment increases with the number of living children from 51 percent of women with no children to 89 percent among those with five or more children” (42). “Similar to women, never-married men (64 percent) and those with no living...more
Sept. 14, 2016, 1:57 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

“Overall, 26 percent of employed women in the agricultural sector are not paid at all, mainly because they are employed by a family member. On the other hand, 14 percent of women who are employed in the nonagricultural sector are not paid for their work” (31). “Never-married women are less likely to be currently employed (50 percent) compared with currently or previously married women (85 percent and 88 percent, respectively). Current employment increases with the number of living children from 51 percent of women with no children to 89 percent among those with five or more children” (42). “Similar to women, never-married men (64 percent) and those with no living...more
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:53 a.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

“The proportion currently employed is considerably lower among younger respondents, especially those age 15-19, probably because many are still in school. Single women and men are also less likely to be working than those who are married or formerly married. For example, 38 percent of women who have never married were employed, compared with 54 percent of women who are married or living together” (33). “Four in five women employed in agricultural work are not paid for their work, while 83 percent of women employed in non-agricultural work are given their earnings as cash only” (39). “Women age 15-49 are employed in two major areas: namely agricultural work and nonagricultural...more
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:52 a.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

“The proportion currently employed is considerably lower among younger respondents, especially those age 15-19, probably because many are still in school. Single women and men are also less likely to be working than those who are married or formerly married. For example, 38 percent of women who have never married were employed, compared with 54 percent of women who are married or living together” (33). “Four in five women employed in agricultural work are not paid for their work, while 83 percent of women employed in non-agricultural work are given their earnings as cash only” (39). “Women age 15-49 are employed in two major areas: namely agricultural work and nonagricultural...more
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:50 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

“Almost two in every three women (66 percent) are paid cash only for their work. This is mostly in nonagricultural work (83 percent, compared with 29 percent for agricultural work). Forty-three percent of those who work in agriculture are not paid, while 9 percent are paid in-kind” (53). “The majority of those employed were earning cash only (women, 61 percent; men, 82 percent); 15 percent of women and 10 percent of men had cash and in-kind earnings, and 4 percent of women and 1 percent of men had in-kind earnings only. A higher proportion of women (20 percent) than men (7 percent) were not paid for their work” (274). “Only...more