The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MULV-LAW-1

Nov. 30, 2016, 8:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"For each child that is born to her, a woman’s retirement age is reduced by one year" (12).
Nov. 17, 2016, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: MULV-LAW-1, CL-LAW-1

"Mothers who have children disabled since birth and who raised those children to the age of eight have a right to begin receiving a pension five years before the standard retirement age (which is 55), and women who have at least 20 years on the job have a right to retire at age 54" (38)
May 15, 2016, 7:55 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"In terms of special measures for the achievement of the equality between men and women, the survey “Condition of Women’s Human Rights in Montenegro”9 revealed that the highest percentage of women believes that the most important special measure for achievement of gender equality is introduction of payment and valuation of women’s work at home (33.3% of women and only 19.2% of men). Major percentage of men (28.8%) selects the measure – an advantage to be granted to the women or men in jobs with traditional division to “male” and “female” occupations. Men at the age of 25–35 (32.4%) select “special incentive to the fathers to occupy themselves with children” as ...more
April 18, 2016, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MULV-LAW-1, CL-PRACTICE-2

"The End of Life Strategy, currently in the very early stages of preparation, will specifically include consideration of the disproportionate burden of End of Life care which falls on women, and how the adverse effects of that burden can be minimised or eliminated" (4)
April 4, 2016, 7:21 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"Between the years 2006 and 2008, a number of significant amendments were made to the Women’s Employment Law, which further elaborate and enhance the importance of maternity protection for women: Amendment No. 33, February 2007 - Extended the period in which a woman returning to work after a maternity leave may not be dismissed from her place of employment from 45 days to 60 days. Amendment No. 34, March 2007 - Prior to the Amendment, a woman (or her child) who were hospitalized during the mother’s maternity leave for at least two consecutive weeks, was entitled to extend the maternity leave for the period of her hospitalization, up to four ...more
Feb. 1, 2016, 1:58 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-1, MULV-LAW-1

"Ratio of earnings: 100:71 for regular workers, 100:51 for working. Women receive less pension than men. 70% of those who receive only national pension are women, the average national pension benefit is 54,682 (yen). Average employee’s pension men 170,264/women 103,989 (yen). This results in low pensions in their old age. The gap is a direct result of women’s shorter full-time employment. If women work full time they receive employee’s pension" (para 24)
Feb. 1, 2016, 12:05 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: MULV-LAW-1, CL-PRACTICE-1

"Familial care of the elderly has become more of a burden for women in Thailand" (para 20)
Jan. 13, 2016, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"In Vanuatu, women have an equal right to family benefits regardless of social status. At present, the Vanuatu National Provident Fund (VNPF) provides for social security system for both men and women" (39)
Jan. 3, 2016, 7:09 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"While the New Labor Code increases the time available to women for maternity leave, it does not offer any form of paternity or parental leave for male employees, reinforcing the idea that responsibility for childcare belongs exclusively to women," (33).
Aug. 19, 2015, 1:54 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"To be eligible for a pension, a person must have paid contributions for at least 15 years and the reason for termination of employment must be resignation, cancellation of a post, death or lack of medical fitness" (61).
Aug. 12, 2015, 10:39 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"A draft Law 'On State Support to Families with Many Children' which aims to strengthen protection afforded to women with many children has been elaborated and is awaiting adoption" (3)
Aug. 10, 2015, 8:39 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"Germany’s highest court ruled on Tuesday that it was illegal for the federal government to pay parents who chose to care for their toddlers at home, rather than send them to publicly subsidized day care, striking down a program that was touted by conservatives. The benefit, which was a touchstone issue even before it was made law in 2013, was envisioned as a way to encourage parents to remain home and raise their children, ages 15 months to 36 months, once maternity leave benefits expire. About 455,000 parents, mostly mothers, now receive the payments" (para 1-2). "The Federal Constitutional Court in Karlsruhe ruled that families who care for their toddlers ...more
June 15, 2015, 7:53 a.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"Pursuant to the Law on Support for Employment , pregnant women, mothers/ adoptive mothers, persons who actually take care of a biological/adoptive child under the age of 8 years or a disabled biological/adoptive child under the age of 18 years, also persons who take care of their family members who need permanent nursing or care are classified in the labour market as a group of persons entitled to additional support. Active labour market policy measures may be applied with respect to these target groups such as: subsidized employment, labour rotation, community service, support for self-employment and vocational training. Pursuant to the Law on Social Enterprises , a mother who is ...more
April 15, 2015, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

" In addition, subsidies for professional caregivers, and nursing and old people’s homes have been suppressed (Lombardo, 2013). The social protection for non-professional caregivers named in the Dependency Law has disappeared. These and other dependency cuts are part of a strategy to push women back into the home, promoting a reduction of their labour activity rate and generating more jobs available to men in the labour market" (5).
April 15, 2015, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"The Spanish pension system has suffered diverse changes in the recent years, most recently in November 2013. It has been shown that these reforms are worsening female poverty. Given that women are over-represented in the informal economy and more frequently interrupt their professional career than men to look after children or relatives, women often meet with difficulties in reaching the minimum requirements for a decent pension (Ezquerra, 2011)" (8)
Dec. 23, 2014, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MULV-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Britain offers a year of maternity leave, much of it paid, and protections for part-time workers, among other policies aimed at keeping women employed" (para 3)
Dec. 23, 2014, 4:09 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"For many women with children, it seems, the decision about work involves weighing a particularly complex set of benefits and drawbacks. And often the challenge is insurmountable in part because there is a dearth of programs and policies in the United States to support women in their prime career and childbearing years" (para 11). "In the United States, Congress passed a law in 1993 giving certain employees 12 weeks of unpaid family leave" (para 32)
Nov. 14, 2014, 9:49 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

“Women spend 35 hours/week in household activities and caring for children and elderly in India…but that’s not effort 'worth' counting in the national income.” This text occurs at 4:33 (Coder Comment-SPS). “The United Nations system of national accounts considers production of goods for own consumption and unpaid household work as economic activity and count them in national income. In India, the national income accounting does not recognize... caring for others as economic activity.” This text appears at 3:12 (Coder Comment-SPS)
Nov. 14, 2014, 8:48 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"Earlier this week, Labour's Margaret Curran pledged a 50% quota of women on public boards and also said she wanted companies to be forced to publish pay differences between male and female workers. The Shadow Scottish Secretary said Labour in Scotland would introduce 25 hours of childcare a week for every three and 4-year-old and 15 hours a week for all vulnerable two-year-olds. This measure was in response to the Scottish government's pledge of a massive expansion in childcare under independence, which it says would help women back to work and boost the economy" (Parra 12-14)
Oct. 14, 2014, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"In Durban, nearly two thirds of vendors’ households rely on informal work as their main source of income, but almost one third access government transfers, primarily women who qualify for the child support grant or elderly individuals who qualify for the old age pension (Mkhize, Dube and Skinner 2013)” (page 10).
May 14, 2014, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"A number of very substantive additional rights and guarantees for women are provided for by the law on State pension support of citizens (the possibility of old-age retirement at an earlier age and with a shorter length of service than required for men; the inclusion in the time of service required for a pension of the time taken off by a mother (or stepmother) to care for young children (stepchildren), but no more than until each child reaches the age of 3, for a total of no more than six years; the possibility of old-age retirement five years before reaching the generally established retirement age, for women who have given ...more
Feb. 20, 2014, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"Most of the women living there rely on state benefits. Edward Baghramyan, head of the local social services department, said families living at the hostel received basic monthly benefits of 16,000 drams, the equivalent of 39 US dollars, as well as an additional 6,000 drams, or 15 dollars, for each child" (para 4)
Nov. 1, 2013, 5:58 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"During the reporting period, the British Government reformed the State Pension system to introduce positive changes for women, including reducing the required number of qualifying years, the introduction of a single contribution condition, and the new carer’s credit, to enable people, in particular women, who are often particularly disadvantaged by caring responsibilities, to build up entitlement to a full basic State Pension" (42). "The Pensions Act (Northern Ireland) 2008 reformed the State Pension system in Northern Ireland, including a reduction in the required number of qualifying years, the introduction of a single contribution condition, and the new carer’s credit, to enable people and, in particular, women to build up entitlement ...more
May 17, 2013, 8:36 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"[An Act Promoting The Integration Of Women As Full And Equal Partners Of Men In Development And Nation Building And For Other Purposes states] Married persons who devote full time to managing the household and family affairs shall, upon the working spouse's consent, be entitled to voluntary Pag-IBIG (Pagtutulungan - Ikaw, Bangko, Industriya at Gobyerno), Government Service Insurance System (GSIS) or Social Security System (SSS) coverage to the extent of one-half (1/2) of the salary and compensation of the working spouse. The contributions due thereon shall be deducted from the salary of the working spouse" (4)
May 17, 2013, 8:16 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"[The Act on Maternity/Paternity Leave and Parental Leave states] Parents who are not active in the labour market, or who are employed in less than 25% of a full employment position, shall have an independent right to a maternity/paternity grant for up to three months each in connection with a birth, primary adoption or permanent foster care of a child. This right shall not be assignable. In addition, parents shall have a joint right to a maternity/paternity grant for three additional months, which may be exercised entirely by one parent or divided between them. The right to a maternity/paternity grant [in connection with the birth of a child] shall lapse ...more
May 7, 2013, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"Under the social security reform, starting at the age of fifty-five women are credited one year for each child up to a total of five children, towards satisfying the age requirement of sixty years for retirement" (7)
Sept. 27, 2012, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"The Student Loan Scheme was introduced in 1992 to assist students to participate in tertiary education. The New Zealand Government provides loans to students on a non-selective basis to cover fees, course-related costs, and living costs. Student loans became interest free in New Zealand on 1 April 2006. This policy applies regardless of whether a student is still studying or has completed their study, but borrowers must be living in New Zealand to qualify. The provision for interest-free student loans is likely to be particularly beneficial to women as they form the majority of student loan borrowers and will no longer be disadvantaged by increasing student loan debt if they ...more
Sept. 17, 2012, 9:03 a.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"The Committee is further concerned that, the recent increase in pensions for women notwithstanding, women who did not contribute to the pension system while working part-time, at home or performing other types of low-paid or unpaid work do not qualify to receive pensions" (10)
Sept. 17, 2012, 9 a.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"Labour regulations of Guyana additionally eliminate all discrimination based on pregnancy and provide for maternity leave and well as social security based on maternity leave" (45)
Sept. 12, 2012, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"The unpaid contribution of women to the household is covered under the Family Property (Rights of Spouses) Act 2004 when there is the dissolution of a marriage or a breakdown of a common-law union of five years or more" (56)