The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MULV-LAW-1

Jan. 1, 2019, 3:33 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"The Finance Ministry has endorsed the proposal to create a scheme for housewives under the Employees Provident Fund (EPF), including a monthly allowance payment by the government. Under the proposed scheme, which is expected to start later this year, 2% from the husband’s existing 11% EPF contribution will be credited to the housewife’s EPF account. The government will top up the amount with an additional RM50 monthly. Finance Minister Lim Guan Eng said the policy is in line with Pakatan Harapan’s manifesto to raise the level of social security among housewives who rely fully on their husbands" (para 1-4).
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: MULV-LAW-1, CL-LAW-1

"The Committee commends the State party on being one of the first countries to enact legislation on counting unremunerated work (1996) and on its efforts to improve the labour participation of women. The Committee is concerned, however, at: . . . (c) The limited progress made in amending the Industrial Relations Act to include domestic workers in the definition of a worker; (d) The fact that, notwithstanding the concentration of women in domestic work in private households, the State party has not ratified the Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189), of the International Labour Organization" (page 10).
Nov. 9, 2018, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"Social Security Law, in 2008, making social security benefits available to women" (2).
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro

“amendments were adopted [that] reinforced women’s traditional role as housewives and mothers by creating an incentive for them to leave the formal labour market, as the law promised lifelong benefits to mothers with three or more children….following the annulment of the law, women who opted for such benefits will only receive them for a very limited period and are facing unemployment and a heightened risk of poverty” (11)
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: MULV-LAW-1, CL-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party on its adoption of a national care system, which can help to address the traditionally disproportionate burden of unpaid work for women" (page 11).
March 7, 2018, 7:28 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"Late last month, Silvio Berlusconi, the leader of the center-right party Forza Italia and a likely power broker after the elections, proposed a minimum pension for mothers, once they reach the retirement age of 67" (para 12).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"Some classes of worker do not make adequate contributions [to receive social security benefits]. That includes women, because they are often in the labour force only intermittently owing to family responsibilities and also because their wages are often inadequate. The decree law addresses that problem by granting early retirement to beneficiaries who stop working at the age of 55, provided that they have made at least 240 payments, for women, and 300 payments, for men" (45).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden

"Sweden understands the recommendation to mean that the Committee takes the view that Swedish law does not have a possibility of sufficiently compensating a spouse for unpaid work in the home and with children during the marriage in a division of property in connection with a divorce. The legislation of some countries is based on the view that a spouse who has been at home with children is compensated as a rule for this retrospectively if the spouses divorce. However, Sweden considers that such an approach is based on an outdated view of gender roles and marriage, in which it is assumed that one of the spouses is supported by...more
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"National Civil and Commercial Code (Act No. 26.994 of 1 October 2014), recogniz[ed] the economic value of household work" (2). "The Committee welcomes the progress achieved…in particular the adoption of…Act No. 16.844 of 13 March 2013 on a special employment contract regime for persons employed in private homes, regulated by Decree No. 467/2014 recognizing labour rights and protection for domestic workers" (1-2).
Nov. 27, 2017, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"'The next focus should be to work on amending laws discriminating against women in Lebanese society', Ogasapian [the women's affairs minister] said, adding, 'For example, we need to address discrimination regarding work and social security. Our goal is to bring women and men [together] as equals'" (para 11).
Nov. 30, 2016, 8:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"For each child that is born to her, a woman’s retirement age is reduced by one year" (12).
Nov. 17, 2016, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: MULV-LAW-1, CL-LAW-1

"Mothers who have children disabled since birth and who raised those children to the age of eight have a right to begin receiving a pension five years before the standard retirement age (which is 55), and women who have at least 20 years on the job have a right to retire at age 54" (38)
May 15, 2016, 7:55 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"In terms of special measures for the achievement of the equality between men and women, the survey “Condition of Women’s Human Rights in Montenegro”9 revealed that the highest percentage of women believes that the most important special measure for achievement of gender equality is introduction of payment and valuation of women’s work at home (33.3% of women and only 19.2% of men). Major percentage of men (28.8%) selects the measure – an advantage to be granted to the women or men in jobs with traditional division to “male” and “female” occupations. Men at the age of 25–35 (32.4%) select “special incentive to the fathers to occupy themselves with children” as...more
April 18, 2016, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MULV-LAW-1, CL-PRACTICE-2

"The End of Life Strategy, currently in the very early stages of preparation, will specifically include consideration of the disproportionate burden of End of Life care which falls on women, and how the adverse effects of that burden can be minimised or eliminated" (4)
April 4, 2016, 7:21 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"Between the years 2006 and 2008, a number of significant amendments were made to the Women’s Employment Law, which further elaborate and enhance the importance of maternity protection for women: Amendment No. 33, February 2007 - Extended the period in which a woman returning to work after a maternity leave may not be dismissed from her place of employment from 45 days to 60 days. Amendment No. 34, March 2007 - Prior to the Amendment, a woman (or her child) who were hospitalized during the mother’s maternity leave for at least two consecutive weeks, was entitled to extend the maternity leave for the period of her hospitalization, up to four...more
Feb. 1, 2016, 1:58 a.m.
Countries: Japan

"Ratio of earnings: 100:71 for regular workers, 100:51 for working. Women receive less pension than men. 70% of those who receive only national pension are women, the average national pension benefit is 54,682 (yen). Average employee’s pension men 170,264/women 103,989 (yen). This results in low pensions in their old age. The gap is a direct result of women’s shorter full-time employment. If women work full time they receive employee’s pension" (para 24)
Feb. 1, 2016, 12:05 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: MULV-LAW-1, CL-PRACTICE-1

"Familial care of the elderly has become more of a burden for women in Thailand" (para 20)
Jan. 13, 2016, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"In Vanuatu, women have an equal right to family benefits regardless of social status. At present, the Vanuatu National Provident Fund (VNPF) provides for social security system for both men and women" (39)
Jan. 3, 2016, 7:09 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"While the New Labor Code increases the time available to women for maternity leave, it does not offer any form of paternity or parental leave for male employees, reinforcing the idea that responsibility for childcare belongs exclusively to women," (33).
Aug. 19, 2015, 1:54 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"To be eligible for a pension, a person must have paid contributions for at least 15 years and the reason for termination of employment must be resignation, cancellation of a post, death or lack of medical fitness" (61).
Aug. 12, 2015, 10:39 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"A draft Law 'On State Support to Families with Many Children' which aims to strengthen protection afforded to women with many children has been elaborated and is awaiting adoption" (3)
Aug. 10, 2015, 8:39 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"Germany’s highest court ruled on Tuesday that it was illegal for the federal government to pay parents who chose to care for their toddlers at home, rather than send them to publicly subsidized day care, striking down a program that was touted by conservatives. The benefit, which was a touchstone issue even before it was made law in 2013, was envisioned as a way to encourage parents to remain home and raise their children, ages 15 months to 36 months, once maternity leave benefits expire. About 455,000 parents, mostly mothers, now receive the payments" (para 1-2). "The Federal Constitutional Court in Karlsruhe ruled that families who care for their toddlers...more
June 15, 2015, 7:53 a.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"Pursuant to the Law on Support for Employment , pregnant women, mothers/ adoptive mothers, persons who actually take care of a biological/adoptive child under the age of 8 years or a disabled biological/adoptive child under the age of 18 years, also persons who take care of their family members who need permanent nursing or care are classified in the labour market as a group of persons entitled to additional support. Active labour market policy measures may be applied with respect to these target groups such as: subsidized employment, labour rotation, community service, support for self-employment and vocational training. Pursuant to the Law on Social Enterprises , a mother who is...more
April 15, 2015, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

" In addition, subsidies for professional caregivers, and nursing and old people’s homes have been suppressed (Lombardo, 2013). The social protection for non-professional caregivers named in the Dependency Law has disappeared. These and other dependency cuts are part of a strategy to push women back into the home, promoting a reduction of their labour activity rate and generating more jobs available to men in the labour market" (5).
April 15, 2015, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"The Spanish pension system has suffered diverse changes in the recent years, most recently in November 2013. It has been shown that these reforms are worsening female poverty. Given that women are over-represented in the informal economy and more frequently interrupt their professional career than men to look after children or relatives, women often meet with difficulties in reaching the minimum requirements for a decent pension (Ezquerra, 2011)" (8)
Dec. 23, 2014, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MULV-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Britain offers a year of maternity leave, much of it paid, and protections for part-time workers, among other policies aimed at keeping women employed" (para 3)
Dec. 23, 2014, 4:09 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"For many women with children, it seems, the decision about work involves weighing a particularly complex set of benefits and drawbacks. And often the challenge is insurmountable in part because there is a dearth of programs and policies in the United States to support women in their prime career and childbearing years" (para 11). "In the United States, Congress passed a law in 1993 giving certain employees 12 weeks of unpaid family leave" (para 32)
Nov. 14, 2014, 9:49 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

“Women spend 35 hours/week in household activities and caring for children and elderly in India…but that’s not effort 'worth' counting in the national income.” This text occurs at 4:33 (Coder Comment-SPS). “The United Nations system of national accounts considers production of goods for own consumption and unpaid household work as economic activity and count them in national income. In India, the national income accounting does not recognize... caring for others as economic activity.” This text appears at 3:12 (Coder Comment-SPS)
Nov. 14, 2014, 8:48 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"Earlier this week, Labour's Margaret Curran pledged a 50% quota of women on public boards and also said she wanted companies to be forced to publish pay differences between male and female workers. The Shadow Scottish Secretary said Labour in Scotland would introduce 25 hours of childcare a week for every three and 4-year-old and 15 hours a week for all vulnerable two-year-olds. This measure was in response to the Scottish government's pledge of a massive expansion in childcare under independence, which it says would help women back to work and boost the economy" (Parra 12-14)
Oct. 14, 2014, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"In Durban, nearly two thirds of vendors’ households rely on informal work as their main source of income, but almost one third access government transfers, primarily women who qualify for the child support grant or elderly individuals who qualify for the old age pension (Mkhize, Dube and Skinner 2013)” (page 10).