The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for MURDER-LAW-1

Nov. 28, 2018, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Femicide (the killing of a woman based on her gender) is a federal offense punishable by 40 to 60 years in prison; it is also an offense listed in the criminal codes of all 31 states and the Federal District" (para. 19).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Femicide (the killing of a woman based on her gender) is a federal offense punishable by 40 to 60 years in prison; it is also an offense listed in the criminal codes of all 31 states and the Federal District" (para. 19).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Individuals convicted of honor killings may receive life imprisonment, but NGOs reported actual sentences often were reduced due to mitigating factors. The law allows judges, when establishing sentences, to take into account anger or passion caused by the “misbehavior” of the victim" (page 57).
Nov. 15, 2018, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"On Friday, 25-year-old social media star Qandeel Baloch was strangled at her family's home in Pakistan's Punjab province. Both adored and reviled, Baloch referred to herself as a "modern-day feminist" and had almost 750,000 followers on Facebook" (para 9-10). "Baloch now faces the rare charge of committing a crime against the state. 'The provision was inserted into the penal code in 2004 and it was specifically with regards to murder committed in the name of honor,' Sahar Bandial, an attorney based in Lahore, told CNN. The charge of committing a crime against the state means Waseem Baloch cannot be pardoned even if the victim's relatives -- in this case, his...more
Nov. 15, 2018, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The Committee takes note that article 21 of the LGAMVLV-2007 defines feminicide as the extreme form of gender violence against women, product of the violation of their human rights, in both public and private, formed by the misogynistic set of behaviors that can lead to social and state impunity and may culminate in murder or other forms of violent death of women. However, it is concerned about deficiencies and different definitions of the crime of feminicide in the local penal codes" (5). "Take the necessary steps to ensure that the codification of feminicide is based on objective elements which allow its proper qualification in the local penal codes; to accelerate...more
Oct. 24, 2018, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"India has the death penalty for the most brutal murders and terror attacks. But the sentences are rarely carried out and are often struck down on appeal by higher courts" (para. 14).
Oct. 17, 2018, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"On March 14, 2018, the Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, signed Law no. 5 of 2018, which repealed article 308 of the 1960 Penal Code enforced in the West Bank. Based on an assessment by the head of a women’s shelter, the law had allowed alleged rapists to escape prosecution and could allow convicted rapists to avoid imprisonment if they married their victims. The new law also amended article 99 to prohibit judges from reducing sentences for serious crimes, such as the murder of women and children" (para 2). "'The Palestinian Authority has finally closed disturbing colonial-era and other loopholes that could allow rapists to escape punishment if they married their...more
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The law permits honor considerations to mitigate sentences; for example, a provision limits a sentence for murder to a maximum of three years in prison if a man is on trial for killing his wife or a female dependent due to suspicion that the victim was committing adultery" (para 247)
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The law also prohibits violence against women, and independent media and government agencies generally paid close attention to gender-based violence" (10). While this statement is a bit vague and generalized, it is important to note that there appear to be specific laws against gender-based violence in the country (AA-CODER COMMENT)
Sept. 6, 2018, 9 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Many Latin American countries boast specific laws targeting violence against women, and several including Guatemala and Honduras have special courts and prosecutors to deal with femicides" (para 33)
Sept. 6, 2018, 8:59 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Many Latin American countries boast specific laws targeting violence against women, and several including Guatemala and Honduras have special courts and prosecutors to deal with femicides" (para 33)
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Act No. 20.480 (2010) amending the Penal Code to include femicide" (2). "The Committee notes with appreciation the State party’s increased efforts to combat domestic violence, including the amendments of its Penal Code to include the crime of femicide perpetrated by spouses or ex-spouses (Act No. 20.480), and to provide assistance and redress to victims of domestic violence" (4).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Another example of successful inter-agency coordination is the establishment of local committees to provide immediate care in cases of high risk of violence against women (CLAI), set up in 10 territories with judiciary representatives (prosecution service and court with jurisdiction to order protection measures), the Ministry of Public Security (public force), and INAMU. This strategy aims to specialize and register the intervention to provide timely and effective prevention of femicide and attempted femicide, and to help reduce impunity in situations of violence against women" (12).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Although the Indian Parliament passed a strong anti-rape law while also making human trafficking, acid attacks and stalking stringently punishable, it hasn’t translated into diminishing crimes against women" (para 9). While there is a law in place against acid attacks, the article does not indicate that it includes any specialized penalities (AA-CODER COMMENT). "Aggarwal has joined hands with an organization called Stop Acid Attacks to assist other victims of such attacks and also fight for their rights in local courts" (para 18). If this group is having to advocate for acid victims' rights in courts, there must be problems with the current laws/system but the article does not describe these...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Femicide is a crime and carries a minimum sentence of 15 years’ imprisonment for those convicted of killing a woman who is an immediate relative, spouse, or partner. The law establishes sentences of up to life in prison when the victim is a minor, pregnant, or has a disability" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The constitution adopted in September criminalizes violence against or oppression of women based on religious, social, or cultural traditions and gives victims the right to compensation...The law does not allow mediation of dowry-related violence" (28). "In August the president signed into law the Anti-Witchcraft (Crime and Punishment) Act, the first legal mechanism to address directly such abuse. The law imposes prison sentences of five to 10 years and fines of up to 100,000 rupees ($1,000) for those who physically or mentally abuse women accused of being witches or men accused of sorcery. It also imposes prison sentences of up to five years for those who evict supposed witches or banish...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The penal code penalizes some honor crimes as misdemeanors. The law states that a man who sees his wife, daughter, mother, or sister in the “act of adultery” and immediately kills her or the man with whom she is committing adultery faces a maximum punishment of three years’ imprisonment and a fine of 225 dinars ($750). Sentencing guidelines for honor crimes do not apply to bidoon" (24).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The law does not specifically address 'honor' crimes, which are treated as any other crime" (38).
July 14, 2018, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

They’ve barred us from the courts because they don't want to hear the truth about the fact that the government provides no real mechanism to stop violence against women, she said (para 7).
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The Committee remains concerned, however, about: . . . the lack of legal recognition of certain forms of violence against women, including femicide and marital rape . . . The low number of prosecutions and convictions in cases of violence against women, including in cases of femicide and killings of transgender women, and the delay in prosecuting gender-based violence" (page 7).
June 10, 2018, 8:24 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Like several other countries in Latin America, Peru has a criminal statute for 'femicide,' the crime of killing a woman or girl because of her gender. But it can be difficult to prove. Mr. Hualpa is being investigated for attempted femicide" (Para 10).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The Committee . . . notes the information provided by the State party that article 29 of the Penal Code providing for mitigating circumstances in the case of 'unjust provocation' is not applied to killings in the name of so-called 'honour'. The Committee is concerned, however, that this does not constitute a sufficient legal safeguard, given that the provision explicitly prohibiting the application of article 29 addresses only killings in the name of 'custom' (töre) and thus may not always cover killings in the name of so-called 'honour' (namus)" (page 10).
May 12, 2018, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"After the death of Qandeel Baloch [in 2016], Pakistan’s legislature approved a bill suggesting that the state will become complainant against the killers instead of family members in cases related to honor killing. For years, the family members of the victim had the liberty to pardon the killer, however, with the recent legislation, a mandatory life sentence was proposed for the murderer. Even then only a judge can decide whether a murder can be equated to a crime of honor or not, virtually meaning that a culprit can walk free for explaining a motive other than honor." In other words, if the murderer says he did not kill for reasons...more
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Another advance which has generated a very constructive debate and an increased awareness of femicide (the killing of women because they are women) was the unanimous approval of an amendment to article 80 of the Criminal Code, which defines and describes the circumstances that aggravate the offence of homicide.2 Following this amendment, the maximum penalty of life imprisonment may be served against any man who kills a woman in an act of gender-based violence. The text of the amended article establishes as an offence the killing of a woman “by a man” in an act of “gender-based violence” and includes as grounds for such killings “pleasure, cupidity, racial hatred, religious...more
March 27, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"As cases of brutal harassment and dowry deaths continued to rise, another Act was passed in 1986, relating specifically to the offence of dowry death. Such deaths were punishable with imprisonment for a period not less than seven years, but may extend to life imprisonment. The Supreme Court bench comprising Justices Altamas Kabir and H.L. Gokhale, in their judgement (Durga Prasad & Anr vs State of MP) on 14 May 2010, rejected an appeal for dowry death on the grounds that, apart from the fact that the woman had died on account of burn or bodily injury, otherwise than under normal circumstances, within seven years of her marriage, it had...more
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"In June of 2012, the Office of the Attorney General of the Republic adopted the Protocol for Investigating Femicide, whose purpose is to guide prosecutors, police investigators and forensic physicians in handling crime scenes involving homicides of women that may be treated as femicide. Also, Assistant prosecutors are trained at the School for Prosecutors in access to justice for women, offences that are defined in gender terms, and special investigation methods, including the Protocol mentioned above" (36-37).
March 15, 2018, 9:31 a.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The government of Paraguay enacted a new law that criminalizes femicide" (para 1).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The LGV has the National Victims' Assistance System (SNAV) and operates with the Federal Executive Commission for Victim Assistance (CEAV) to guarantee the rights of victims to assistance, aid, due diligence, etc., with special attention to eliminating violence towards women, forced disappearance, homicides and femicides; the System has State Executive Commissions" (page 5). "Between 2012 and 2016, the General Law for Women's Access to a Life Free from Violence (LGAMVLV) saw four modifications; outlined are: the reform to penalize femicide in accordance with the Federal Penal Code (CPF), the reduction of the term from 24 to 8 hours to issue protection orders, the modification of Article 47 which establishes that...more
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"[The Committee] remains concerned, however, about...The persistence of crimes committed in the name of so-called 'honour', despite the repeal of article 252 of the Penal Code, under which a man who killed or injured his wife, mother, sister or daughter after having caught her committing a dishonourable act may receive a reduced penalty or may be exempted from punishment" (7). "It is also concerned about the fact that the blood money (diya) paid for a woman is still half of that paid for a man" (17).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Laws previously in force granted exonerating or mitigating factors to a man murdering a woman in what is known as an 'honour killing'. That was applied in cases where a man catches his wife or one of his close female relatives in an adulterous situation with another person and kills, injures or harms both or one of them. It also applies where a man catches his wife or one of his ascendants, descendants or sisters in an illicit sexual situation with another man. (Article 340 of the Jordanian Penal Code (No. 16 of 1960), which is applicable in the West Bank, and article 18 of the Mandate-era Penal Code (No....more