The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MURDER-LAW-1

Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The law also prohibits violence against women, and independent media and government agencies generally paid close attention to gender-based violence" (10). While this statement is a bit vague and generalized, it is important to note that there appear to be specific laws against gender-based violence in the country (AA-CODER COMMENT)
Sept. 6, 2018, 9 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Many Latin American countries boast specific laws targeting violence against women, and several including Guatemala and Honduras have special courts and prosecutors to deal with femicides" (para 33)
Sept. 6, 2018, 8:59 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Many Latin American countries boast specific laws targeting violence against women, and several including Guatemala and Honduras have special courts and prosecutors to deal with femicides" (para 33)
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Act No. 20.480 (2010) amending the Penal Code to include femicide" (2). "The Committee notes with appreciation the State party’s increased efforts to combat domestic violence, including the amendments of its Penal Code to include the crime of femicide perpetrated by spouses or ex-spouses (Act No. 20.480), and to provide assistance and redress to victims of domestic violence" (4).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Another example of successful inter-agency coordination is the establishment of local committees to provide immediate care in cases of high risk of violence against women (CLAI), set up in 10 territories with judiciary representatives (prosecution service and court with jurisdiction to order protection measures), the Ministry of Public Security (public force), and INAMU. This strategy aims to specialize and register the intervention to provide timely and effective prevention of femicide and attempted femicide, and to help reduce impunity in situations of violence against women" (12).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Although the Indian Parliament passed a strong anti-rape law while also making human trafficking, acid attacks and stalking stringently punishable, it hasn’t translated into diminishing crimes against women" (para 9). While there is a law in place against acid attacks, the article does not indicate that it includes any specialized penalities (AA-CODER COMMENT). "Aggarwal has joined hands with an organization called Stop Acid Attacks to assist other victims of such attacks and also fight for their rights in local courts" (para 18). If this group is having to advocate for acid victims' rights in courts, there must be problems with the current laws/system but the article does not describe these...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Femicide is a crime and carries a minimum sentence of 15 years’ imprisonment for those convicted of killing a woman who is an immediate relative, spouse, or partner. The law establishes sentences of up to life in prison when the victim is a minor, pregnant, or has a disability" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The constitution adopted in September criminalizes violence against or oppression of women based on religious, social, or cultural traditions and gives victims the right to compensation...The law does not allow mediation of dowry-related violence" (28). "In August the president signed into law the Anti-Witchcraft (Crime and Punishment) Act, the first legal mechanism to address directly such abuse. The law imposes prison sentences of five to 10 years and fines of up to 100,000 rupees ($1,000) for those who physically or mentally abuse women accused of being witches or men accused of sorcery. It also imposes prison sentences of up to five years for those who evict supposed witches or banish...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The penal code penalizes some honor crimes as misdemeanors. The law states that a man who sees his wife, daughter, mother, or sister in the “act of adultery” and immediately kills her or the man with whom she is committing adultery faces a maximum punishment of three years’ imprisonment and a fine of 225 dinars ($750). Sentencing guidelines for honor crimes do not apply to bidoon" (24).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The law does not specifically address 'honor' crimes, which are treated as any other crime" (38).
July 14, 2018, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

They’ve barred us from the courts because they don't want to hear the truth about the fact that the government provides no real mechanism to stop violence against women, she said (para 7).
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The Committee remains concerned, however, about: . . . the lack of legal recognition of certain forms of violence against women, including femicide and marital rape . . . The low number of prosecutions and convictions in cases of violence against women, including in cases of femicide and killings of transgender women, and the delay in prosecuting gender-based violence" (page 7).
June 10, 2018, 8:24 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Like several other countries in Latin America, Peru has a criminal statute for 'femicide,' the crime of killing a woman or girl because of her gender. But it can be difficult to prove. Mr. Hualpa is being investigated for attempted femicide" (Para 10).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The Committee . . . notes the information provided by the State party that article 29 of the Penal Code providing for mitigating circumstances in the case of 'unjust provocation' is not applied to killings in the name of so-called 'honour'. The Committee is concerned, however, that this does not constitute a sufficient legal safeguard, given that the provision explicitly prohibiting the application of article 29 addresses only killings in the name of 'custom' (töre) and thus may not always cover killings in the name of so-called 'honour' (namus)" (page 10).
May 12, 2018, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"After the death of Qandeel Baloch [in 2016], Pakistan’s legislature approved a bill suggesting that the state will become complainant against the killers instead of family members in cases related to honor killing. For years, the family members of the victim had the liberty to pardon the killer, however, with the recent legislation, a mandatory life sentence was proposed for the murderer. Even then only a judge can decide whether a murder can be equated to a crime of honor or not, virtually meaning that a culprit can walk free for explaining a motive other than honor." In other words, if the murderer says he did not kill for reasons...more
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Another advance which has generated a very constructive debate and an increased awareness of femicide (the killing of women because they are women) was the unanimous approval of an amendment to article 80 of the Criminal Code, which defines and describes the circumstances that aggravate the offence of homicide.2 Following this amendment, the maximum penalty of life imprisonment may be served against any man who kills a woman in an act of gender-based violence. The text of the amended article establishes as an offence the killing of a woman “by a man” in an act of “gender-based violence” and includes as grounds for such killings “pleasure, cupidity, racial hatred, religious...more
March 27, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"As cases of brutal harassment and dowry deaths continued to rise, another Act was passed in 1986, relating specifically to the offence of dowry death. Such deaths were punishable with imprisonment for a period not less than seven years, but may extend to life imprisonment. The Supreme Court bench comprising Justices Altamas Kabir and H.L. Gokhale, in their judgement (Durga Prasad & Anr vs State of MP) on 14 May 2010, rejected an appeal for dowry death on the grounds that, apart from the fact that the woman had died on account of burn or bodily injury, otherwise than under normal circumstances, within seven years of her marriage, it had...more
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"In June of 2012, the Office of the Attorney General of the Republic adopted the Protocol for Investigating Femicide, whose purpose is to guide prosecutors, police investigators and forensic physicians in handling crime scenes involving homicides of women that may be treated as femicide. Also, Assistant prosecutors are trained at the School for Prosecutors in access to justice for women, offences that are defined in gender terms, and special investigation methods, including the Protocol mentioned above" (36-37).
March 15, 2018, 9:31 a.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The government of Paraguay enacted a new law that criminalizes femicide" (para 1).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The LGV has the National Victims' Assistance System (SNAV) and operates with the Federal Executive Commission for Victim Assistance (CEAV) to guarantee the rights of victims to assistance, aid, due diligence, etc., with special attention to eliminating violence towards women, forced disappearance, homicides and femicides; the System has State Executive Commissions" (page 5). "Between 2012 and 2016, the General Law for Women's Access to a Life Free from Violence (LGAMVLV) saw four modifications; outlined are: the reform to penalize femicide in accordance with the Federal Penal Code (CPF), the reduction of the term from 24 to 8 hours to issue protection orders, the modification of Article 47 which establishes that...more
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"[The Committee] remains concerned, however, about...The persistence of crimes committed in the name of so-called 'honour', despite the repeal of article 252 of the Penal Code, under which a man who killed or injured his wife, mother, sister or daughter after having caught her committing a dishonourable act may receive a reduced penalty or may be exempted from punishment" (7). "It is also concerned about the fact that the blood money (diya) paid for a woman is still half of that paid for a man" (17).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Laws previously in force granted exonerating or mitigating factors to a man murdering a woman in what is known as an 'honour killing'. That was applied in cases where a man catches his wife or one of his close female relatives in an adulterous situation with another person and kills, injures or harms both or one of them. It also applies where a man catches his wife or one of his ascendants, descendants or sisters in an illicit sexual situation with another man. (Article 340 of the Jordanian Penal Code (No. 16 of 1960), which is applicable in the West Bank, and article 18 of the Mandate-era Penal Code (No....more
Feb. 13, 2018, 6:33 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"In 2013, the country introduced a harsher sentencing framework in cases involving violence against women, increasing the incarceration period for a felon convicted of femicide to 30 years" (para 7).
Jan. 10, 2018, 6:43 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The case of Rosana Galliano’s children was the main catalyst for a law passed by Congress on May 31, which strips parents who kill, injure or sexually abuse their partners of parental rights" (para 5). "The Argentine Congress followed suit in 2012, stipulating life in prison for men guilty of murders involving gender-based violence. Up to then, murders resulting from domestic violence were treated as manslaughter, punishable with a maximum of 25 years in prison" (para 10-11). "Meanwhile, Congress did not stop with the parental responsibility law. The same day it was passed, the Senate gave preliminary approval to two other bills focused on gender-based violence. One of them establishes...more
Jan. 4, 2018, 12:33 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The first data came from the most populated county, the state of Mexico, which surrounds Mexico City, where 840 women were killed between 2011 and 2013. It is unclear how these crimes are classified. and only 145 were investigated as feminicides, (6)". "Between 2011 and 2014, the rate of feminicides increased five times, and between 2013 and 2015 6488 women were killed. In 2016, 3,000 women were been killed between January and mid-October, of which 1,185 have been identified as feminicides. In Mexico, a country of 120 million inhabitants, 77% of feminicides are not prosecuted, with a large proportion of bodies never identified,(7)". "Community organisations and victim’s families have challenged...more
Jan. 4, 2018, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"An average of 2 women are killed every day and only 2% of femicides are prosecuted, (9)". "Despite having achieved the Law against Femicide and other forms of Violence Against Women, the legacy of the civil war of the 60s has been pervasive. The country has a weak democracy and a corrupt government, which has produced a culture where there is limited accountability of state authorities, which results in impunity for those who kill women, (10)".
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The law against gender violence stipulates stiff penalties for harassment and both physical and emotional abuse and provides for prison terms of up to 30 years for murder. The law criminalizes domestic abuse and family violence with prison terms of two to four years and makes domestic violence an aggravating circumstance in homicide cases"(16)
Dec. 20, 2017, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1, MURDER-LAW-1

"Italy has struggled to combat violence against women for decades. In 1981, Italy formally outlawed reduced sentences for "honor" killings. Before that, a man who killed his spouse, daughter or sister after "discovering her in illegitimate carnal relations" would receive a reduced sentence of three to seven years" (para 8).
Dec. 13, 2017, 11:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Despite intense outrage and public protests within the country and throughout the international community, the Mexican federal government has taken little decisive action in investigating the murders and preventing future ones. The state government of Chihuahua, in which Ciudad Juárez is located, has reportedly bungled investigations, and has even been implicated in covering up and/or playing a role in the feminicides. Crime scenes and investigations are often manipulated. In many cases, surviving family members have discovered that Juárez police are equally as responsible for these murders. Approximately 80% of documented murder cases have been corrupted through poorly conducted police and forensic investigation, false and/or forced confessions and the impotence of...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 10 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Using EVAW to prosecute the murderers of Farkhunda will legitimize the law which is often attacked by religious clerics under the pretext of being “un-Islamic" (para 16).