The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for PHBP-LAW-1

June 7, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: PHBP-LAW-1

"In the U.S., if you want a face lift or a tummy tuck, it’s generally assumed that you’ll be paying out of pocket. Insurance will tend to cover plastic surgery only when the surgery is deemed 'medically necessary' and not merely aesthetic. In Brazil, however, patients are thought of as having the 'right to beauty.' In public hospitals, plastic surgeries are free or low-cost, and the government subsidizes nearly half a million surgeries every year" (Para 1-2). "Around the world, Brazilian plastic surgeons are known as the best in their field, and they gain global recognition for their daring new techniques. During an international plastic surgery conference in Brazil, an...more
Feb. 8, 2017, 8:14 p.m.
Countries: United States

"In the United States, where minors can get plastic surgery with parental consent, rhinoplasties account for about 50 percent of plastic surgeries performed on teenagers" (para 11).
Jan. 27, 2017, 6:55 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: PHBP-LAW-1

"In Colombia, a plastic surgery is performed every five minutes. But a new law will help ensure, for the most part, those going under the knife have at least completed puberty. The law, which Colombia’s Congress is expected to approve, prohibits performing breast and buttock augmentation, liposuction and botox, and other surgeries on people under age 18. Plastic surgery clinics also will be barred from using minors in their advertising" (para 1-2).
June 8, 2016, 8:33 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: PHBP-LAW-1

"French MPs have adopted a bill aimed at banning the use of fashion models deemed to be 'excessively thin.' Models will need a doctor's certificate that their health is 'compatible with the practise of the profession.' Employers who break the law could face up to six months in jail and a €75,000 fine (£54,000, $81,000). A previous version of the bill had suggested a minimum Body Mass Index (BMI) for models, prompting protests from modelling agencies in France. But the final draft approved on Thursday allows doctors to decide whether a model is too thin by taking into account their weight, age, and body shape. It also says that digitally...more
April 19, 2016, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: PHBP-LAW-1, WAM-LAW-1

"In July 2011, a new law banned media advertisement of cosmetic surgery" (13).
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: PHBP-LAW-1

""No, there are no laws against beauty practices in Ukraine." Anna Saienko" (4)
Dec. 18, 2015, 5:10 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: PHBP-LAW-1

“Professor Wang Zheng of the University of Michigan, who has promoted gender studies in the nation, says that while the current leadership in China may not exactly be ‘prioritising women’s rights’ (as it has since Mao Zedong abolished foot binding, and famously declared that 'women hold up half the sky') - ‘it doesn’t mean they reject it either’“ (11).
Aug. 12, 2015, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: PHBP-LAW-1

"Ivory Coast has banned skin-whitening creams, which are widely used in west Africa, because of fears they cause lasting damage to health, the health ministry said Wednesday. 'Cosmetic lightening and hygiene creams ... that depigment the skin ... are now forbidden,' the ministry said in a statement. The ban affects whitening creams and lotions containing mercury and its derivatives, cortisone, vitamin A or more than two percent hydroquinine, a lightening agent that is used to develop photographs" (para 1-3)
April 11, 2015, 11:05 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: PHBP-LAW-1

"Controversial new measures to prohibit modeling agencies from hiring dangerously thin models and to require that retouched photos of models be clearly labeled overcame a major legislative hurdle on Friday, winning approval by the National Assembly, the lower house of Parliament. If approved by the Senate, the measures, which are part of a larger overhaul of the French health care laws, would put France in the vanguard in punishing the fashion world for its use of very thin models" (para 1-2). "Backed by the French government, the measures are intended to protect models from being pushed into losing unhealthy amounts of weight and to reduce the images of extremely thin...more
April 9, 2015, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: PHBP-LAW-1

"The creams and tablets, most classified under the country’s Dangerous Drugs and Substances Act, are illegal because they contain harmful substances. They are not authorised by the Medicines Control Council of Zimbabwe, the body responsible for regulating medicines. They often contain highly-concentrated cocktails of compounds like hydroquinone and tretinoin, which if used for a long time can lead to skin cancer, permanent pigmentation of the skin, liver damage and mercury poisoning" (para 5)
Dec. 11, 2013, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: PHBP-LAW-1

"The embrace of plastic surgery clashes with the government's socialist ideology and frequent talk of creating a society free of the taint of commercialism. Venezuela's longtime leader, Hugo Chavez, who died in March after 14 years in office, railed against the procedures, saying it was 'monstrous' that poor women were spending money on breast surgeries when they had trouble making ends meet. But the same resource the government relies on - the world's largest estimated petroleum reserves - has long fed a culture of easy money and consumerism" (para 9-11)
Dec. 6, 2013, 2:08 p.m.
Countries: Mali, Mauritania, Niger

"Participants at the 2005 regional consultation for the UN Study on Violence in West Africa, noted that in countries such as Mauritania, Niger, and Northern Mali, parents’ desire to marry their children at a very young age incites them to force-feed their 5-10 year old daughters to promote their physical development, make them as plump as mature women, and therefore pleasing to men. Unfortunately, there is no law that specifically prohibits or condemns forced feeding of children in these countries"
Dec. 4, 2013, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1, PHBP-LAW-1

"Of all Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) countries with plural legal systems, only the constitutions of Angola, Namibia and South Africa make it clear that the provisions of the Bill of Rights take precedence in a conflict between customary law and statutory law"
Nov. 28, 2013, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: PHBP-LAW-1

"The amendment's language is brief but sweeping: 'Organizing beauty competitions for children under 16 is banned.' It doesn't specify what kind of competitions would be covered, including whether it would extend to online photo competitions or pretty baby contests. It would apply to parents or others who enter children in such contests — but also anyone 'who encourages or tolerates children's access to these competitions.' The amendment says it's aimed at protecting children from danger and being prematurely forced into roles of seduction that harm their development. Michel Le Parmentier, who says he has been organizing 'mini-Miss' pageants in France since 1989, said he's disappointed that the draft law involves...more
Nov. 28, 2013, 10 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: PHBP-LAW-1

"France's Senate has voted to ban beauty pageants for children under 16 in an effort to protect girls from being sexualized too early. Anyone who enters a child into such a contest would face up to two years in prison and 30,000 euros in fines. A pageant organizer lamented that the move was so severe. The Senate approved the measure 197-146 overnight, as an amendment to a law on women's rights. The legislation must go to the lower house of parliament for further debate and another vote"
June 30, 2012, 3:16 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: PHBP-LAW-1

"there is a lack of safety devices like effective regulatory policies regarding the plastic surgery industry" (47)
May 22, 2012, 3:54 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: PHBP-LAW-1

"[CNN anchor speaking] It [Israel] has become the first country banning models who are too thin. The goal is to fight the spread of eating disorders" (0:06). "[Nadia Bilchik speaking] It is a groundbreaking law. And, in essence, what the new Israeli law is saying is that models have to have a BMI of at least 18.5%.... or they cannot work" (0:15). "[Nadia Bilchik speaking] It also says that if photographs are photoshopped in any way, there has to be a disclaimer. And finally, if a model is naturally very very thin she literally has to have a doctor's certificate" (0:30). "[Nadia Bilchik speaking] The law is championed by a...more
Feb. 4, 2012, 7:11 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: PHBP-LAW-1

"The number of doctors trained as plastic surgeons has almost doubled in the past decade to 1,500. But 4,000 clinics provide cosmetic surgery, most of them in Seoul’s beauty belt, because the law allows other doctors to switch to this lucrative field. As competition heats up, some clinics host 'Cinderella events,' where patients are given free surgery and appear in their ads" (para 21). "When the government imposed a 10 percent tax on five popular types of cosmetic surgery in July, civic groups as well as surgeons protested that this discriminated against women and the poor" (para 23). "In August, the Education Ministry issued a booklet warning high school students...more
May 10, 2011, 1:20 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: PHBP-LAW-1

"Appendix 16: Excerpts from the Criminal Code of 2005...Article 565: Female Circumcision. Whoever circumcises a woman of any age, is punishable with simple imprisonment for not less than three months, or fine not less than five hundred Birr. Article 566: Infibulation of the Female Genitalia (1) Whoever infibulates the genitalia of a woman, is punishable with rigorous imprisonment from three years to five years. (2) Where injury to body or health has resulted due to the act prescribed in sub-article (1) above, subject to the provision of the Criminal Code which provides for a more severe penalty, the punishment shall be rigorous imprisonment from five years to ten years. Article...more
Sept. 24, 2010, 9:57 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: PHBP-LAW-1

"Article 35 [4] states that laws, customs, practices and stereotyped ideas which oppress women and adversely affect their physical and mental well-being are prohibited" (Rights entrenched in the Constitution) (AMB-In the Ethiopian Constitution).
Sept. 10, 2010, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: PHBP-LAW-1

7.19 All state and territory governments have enacted legislation making it a criminal offence to perform female genital mutilation on any person, or to remove a child from a state or territory in which they live for the purpose of performing female genital mutilation. Most health professionals are required to report when they believe children are at risk of female genital mutilation. All health professionals are aware of this requirement and that female genital mutilation in Australia is illegal. 7.20 The Australian Government has implemented a national education program on female genital mutilation, conducted by departments of health in individual states and territories. The program’s aims include preventing female genital...more
April 29, 2008, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: France

PARIS -- French lawmakers have adopted a groundbreaking bill that would make it illegal for anyone -- including fashion magazines, advertisers and websites -- to promote extreme thinness. Under the proposed law, judges would have the power to imprison and fine offenders up to $47,000 if found guilty of inciting others to deprive themselves of food to an "excessive'' degree. The National Assembly approved the bill in a series of votes Tuesday. It goes to the Senate in the coming weeks. The bill is the latest and strongest of measures proposed after the 2006 anorexia-linked death of a Brazilian model prompted efforts throughout the international fashion industry to address the...more