The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for PHBP-PRACTICE-1

Aug. 8, 2017, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Gathered in a tent in the Algerian desert, 30 young women are preparing for a big day many thought they could never afford — a wedding. Draped in beaded fabrics, the women lift their veils so make-up can be applied to their faces and hold out their hands for henna tattoos, the smell of incense wafting through the tent"(para 1-2)
July 5, 2017, 5:46 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

¨During the investigation, the committees received hundreds of complaints from women whose companies had demanded that they ´dye their hair blonde,´ ´wear revealing outfits´ or ´constantly reapply makeup.´´Discriminatory dress codes remain widespread,´ the report said¨(para 5-6).¨Ms. Thorp said her heel revolt, while a protest against sexism and discrimination, was also a matter of public health given the toll that high heels take on women’s feet. ´The company expected me to do a nine-hour shift on my feet escorting clients to meeting rooms,´ she said. ´I told them that I just wouldn’t be able to do that in heels´¨(para 9).¨Portico on Wednesday said it had rewritten its code almost immediately after ...more
June 29, 2017, 1:28 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"women from the Datoga tribe, in Tanzania, scar the skin around their eyes for beauty" (para 38).
June 29, 2017, 1:28 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"In south Sudan Toposa women create geometric scars on their stomach when they marry" (para 36).
June 29, 2017, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Young girls are being cut with knives and razor blades to create prominent scars considered beautiful in tribal societies in Ethiopia" (para 3). "The photographer said that children are told not to practice scarification any more, but men in the tribes say bare skin is 'ugly'" (para 7). "'The kid chooses to do it, nobody obliged her. Scarifications are a beauty sign in the tribes. This is the tradition in Surma tribe,' he said" (para 9). "Scarification is considered to be beautiful and a form of art in the area and people volunteer to undergo the practice" (para 12). "Young girls are being cut with knives and razor blades to ...more
Feb. 8, 2017, 8:14 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1, PHBP-LAW-1, PHBP-DATA-1

"In the United States, where minors can get plastic surgery with parental consent, rhinoplasties account for about 50 percent of plastic surgeries performed on teenagers" (para 11).
Jan. 27, 2017, 6:55 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Sen. Mauricio Lizcano, who introduced the law, told Foreign Policy in a phone interview Wednesday that it’s necessary because plastic surgery 'has become the fashion for girls.' He added that the surgeries carried both physical and psychological risks for young people. Lizcano said an estimated 30 percent of Colombia’s plastic surgeries are performed on minors, a worrying trend in a country that has the fifth-largest plastic surgery industry in the world. Plastic surgery in Colombia is often used as a form of class mobility and a way to meet impossibly high beauty standards" (para 3-5).
Nov. 30, 2016, 8:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Mali regards the following 16 practices as harmful to the health of women and children: Excision, Scarification, Filing of teeth, Cionectomy, Tattooing, Bloodletting, The use of aphrodisiacs by women, Depigmentation...Nutritional taboos, Forced feeding, Starvation diet prior to marriage" (35).
Aug. 24, 2016, 3:16 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, PHBP-PRACTICE-1, DMW-PRACTICE-2

"The ensuing samba ritual involves cutting cruciform nicks into the girl's chest and hands with a razor to not only help cleanse her of her bad luck, but to make her more attractive to older men" (para 10).
May 10, 2016, 7:04 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Mauritania must ban the practice of force feeding young girls to fatten them up for marriage, says a report which highlights the case of a child bride who died last year after being put on a dangerously high-calorie diet. Some young girls in Mauritania are even taking animal growth hormones and other dangerous drugs to help pile on the pounds and make themselves more marriageable. Many men in the West African country consider obese women beautiful, seeing their size as a sign of wealth and prestige. Girls of around eight can weigh 140kg (300lb) after force feeding, putting a huge strain on their hearts and jeopardising their health. Young women ...more
May 3, 2016, 11:32 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1, PHBP-DATA-1

"Eating disorders remained a serious problem, especially among young women: among young people aged 19 to 24, 43% of women and about 14% of men were underweight" (10).
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

""There is not a high rate of women in Ukraine performing potentially harmful beauty practices. In regards to plastic surgery in Ukraine, it is very expensive. Many do not have the money to pay for it. Therefore, it is not very common. It is growing in popularity, especially with breast enhancements or intentional mastectomy's to prevent cancer. However, eating disorders in Ukraine are very common. There is a high societal pressure for young women to obtain a thin figure, and that pressure has been growing through the years, and through how women are portrayed in the media. The eating disorders here are very bad, and very common in the urban ...more
Jan. 1, 2016, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Media’s totally normal-appearing ageless older women are the product of two tricks: cosmetic procedures and digital alteration. Whether we like it or not, we start to look different as we age. For men, those changes are most often depicted as looking 'distinguished' and aren’t something for men to be ashamed of. For women, those changes are to be immediately stopped, reversed and hidden at all costs. Seriously, ALL costs – financially, time-wise and health-wise. Because you’re worth it" (para 9). "Let’s talk about Botox, baby. Plastic surgery is the most profitable industry in the U.S., and Botox is the No. 1 cosmetic treatment. Several million people have Botulinum Toxin injected ...more
Aug. 12, 2015, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Ivory Coast has banned skin-whitening creams, which are widely used in west Africa, because of fears they cause lasting damage to health, the health ministry said Wednesday" (para 1). "'The number of people with side effects caused by these medicines is really high,' said Christian Doudouko, a member of Ivory Coast’s pharmaceutical authority, warning that they could cause skin cancer. Lightening products can also lead to hypertension and diabetes, said Elidje Ekra, a dermatologist at the Treichville university hospital in Abidjan. Whitening creams have been popular for years among young African women, who see them as a way to make themselves more attractive" (para 4-6). "'In our cultures, some people ...more
July 28, 2015, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

" ‘In a society like ours, which is obsessed with beauty and physical appearance, what chance do women like me have to gain respectable employment?’ Zarina [who was burned by her husband in his attempt to kill her] asks" (p 9)
June 25, 2015, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Women are obsessed with their looks. A lot of women are always on diet and ungoing medical procedures (tomach rank and others) to achieve the beauty standards".
April 16, 2015, 4:34 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

Potentially harmful beauty practices like anorexia, bulimia, and plastic surgery are not very common. Skin lightening may be practiced by some women.
April 11, 2015, 11:05 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Dr. Olivier Veran, the legislator and neurologist who championed the bills, said he was 'fighting malnutrition. A person should not be obliged to starve herself in order to work,' he said" (para 3-4). The French parliament announced a bill prohibiting modeling agencies from hiring too thin models (ORR-CODER COMMENT). "'Malnutrition is a major health issue,' Dr. Veran said, noting that those who suffer from anorexia often develop osteoporosis, gum disease and heart problems. Doctors who study anorexia say that while young girls who starve themselves may feel fine at the time, the consequences can affect their health later, even if they recover from the anorexia" (para 6-7). "'When you look ...more
April 9, 2015, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Marita sits on a stool at her stall in an open market just outside Harare. She is counting brightly-coloured sweets and placing them carefully into a bag. Her neighbour on the right sells packets of big fresh potatoes and tomatoes, and on her left is another market woman, Tarisai, perched behind baskets of fresh bananas. The sweets are only a cover for Marita’s real business. Hidden at her feet is a cardboard box filled with glossy tubs of lotion and pill packets. One by one, customers take turns to visit Marita’s table with an orderliness you rarely see in an open market. Marita receives dollar after dollar in exchange for ...more
Oct. 31, 2014, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"The number of babies we have received is much higher than those in other baby shelters around the country over the same period," said Xu, adding that most were diagnosed with conditions such as cerebral palsy, congenital heart disease, Down's syndrome and cleft palates" (para 3) The inclusion of cleft palates as a reason for abandonment, indicates that babies are being abandoned for cosmetic reasons and possible concern over the child's future development (BLH-CODER COMMENT).
June 27, 2014, 7:11 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

“Up to 95.8 percent of Chinese women polled agree that being thin is not the defining standard of physical beauty and that a well-proportioned body is better, according to a newly released report on urban women's body image and health. The Chinese Urban Women's Physique Health Survey, conducted by the Huakun Women's Life Survey Center under the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF), collected 1,952 valid responses from ten cities, including Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Xi'an, Zhengzhou, Chengdu, Kunming, Harbin, Hangzhou, and Nanjing. The survey aimed to learn more about how modern Chinese women perceive the issue of body image and health in order to provide guidance on the matter. About 75.4 percent ...more
March 28, 2014, 10:51 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

“Some young girls in Mauritania are even taking animal growth hormones and other dangerous drugs to help pile on the pounds and make themselves more marriageable. Many men in the West African country consider obese women beautiful, seeing their size as a sign of wealth and prestige. Girls of around eight can weigh 140kg (300lb) after force feeding, putting a huge strain on their hearts and jeopardising their health. Young women can tip the scales at 200kg” (para 2-4). “Although it is a poor, drought-prone country about 20 percent of females in Mauritania are obese, compared to 4 percent of men, according to the World Health Organisation. The practice of ...more
Feb. 11, 2014, 11:44 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, PHBP-PRACTICE-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4, CBMC-PRACTICE-2, NGOFW-DATA-1

"During our research, Somali girls who had not undergone infibulation reported their fears of being seen as ‘undesirable’, and so were keen to marry young to prove their appeal, value and respectability. This was especially the case in rural areas. Ironically, sustained campaigns which have successfully reduced FGM/C have inadvertently created a fear of ‘illegal’ (i.e. premarital) pregnancy, which has pushed girls in to marriage. In Somaliland, girls who have engaged in premarital sex which has led to pregnancy are mistreated by local communities as a source of shame. As a result, many single mothers often end up in urban areas, seeking work and lacking the protective network of the ...more
Dec. 11, 2013, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Frustrated with the modest sales at his small mannequin factory, Eliezer Alvarez made a simple observation: Venezuelan women were increasingly using plastic surgery to transform their bodies, yet the mannequins in clothing stores did not reflect these new, often extreme proportions. So he went back to his workshop and created the kind of woman he thought the public wanted - one with a bulging bosom and cantilevered buttocks, a wasp waist and long legs, a fibreglass fantasy, Venezuelan-style. His mannequins serve as a sometimes polarising vision of the female form. Now his mannequins, and others like them, have become the standard in stores across Venezuela, calling out from the doorways ...more
Dec. 6, 2013, 2:08 p.m.
Countries: Mali, Mauritania, Niger
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1, PHBP-LAW-1

"Participants at the 2005 regional consultation for the UN Study on Violence in West Africa, noted that in countries such as Mauritania, Niger, and Northern Mali, parents’ desire to marry their children at a very young age incites them to force-feed their 5-10 year old daughters to promote their physical development, make them as plump as mature women, and therefore pleasing to men. Unfortunately, there is no law that specifically prohibits or condemns forced feeding of children in these countries"
Nov. 28, 2013, 10:05 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Such beauty pageants, involving girls of all ages often heavily made up and dressed up, regularly elicit public debate in France and elsewhere. While such pageants are not as common in France as in the United States, girls get the message early on here that they are sexual beings, from advertising and marketing campaigns — and even from department stores that sell lingerie for girls as young as 6. 'The foundations of equal rights are threatened by the hyper-sexualization that touches children ... between 6 and 12 years old,' said conservative lawmaker Chantal Jouanno, who authored the amendment. 'At this age, you need to concentrate on acquiring knowledge. Yet with ...more
Oct. 5, 2013, 12:58 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"The Female Genital Mutilation Act (FGM) also entered into force in 2003, restating the provisions of earlier law criminalising FGM, but extending the reach of those provisions to give them extra-territorial effect" (37)
Oct. 5, 2013, 12:53 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"In 2006, female genital mutilation received legal recognition and became prohibited by law 7/2006 (32)
Oct. 5, 2013, 12:50 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Female genital mutilation (table 11) has been specifically criminalised only in Iceland and Norway (and very recently in Switzerland), as it is in several other Nordic countries within the EU (Denmark, Sweden)" (19)
Oct. 5, 2013, 12:50 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Female genital mutilation (table 11) has been specifically criminalised only in Iceland and Norway (and very recently in Switzerland), as it is in several other Nordic countries within the EU (Denmark, Sweden)" (19)