The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for PHBP-PRACTICE-1

June 17, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"One of these is the forced feeding of adolescent girls prior to marriage, practiced by some Beydane families" (p. 18).
June 4, 2019, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"In 2013, the Federal Act on Cosmetic Interventions and Treatments entered into force. Its main aim is to protect women’s health and ensure their physical integrity. This should lead to better protection against complications and adverse events during and after cosmetic surgery and treatments without medical indication" (14).
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: CIWM-PRACTICE-1, PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Traditional forms of mistreatment of women continued to decline. One of these is the forced feeding of adolescent girls prior to marriage, practiced by some Beydane families. Increased government, media, and civil society attention to the problem, including the health risks associated with excessive body weight, continued to lessen traditional encouragement of female obesity" (page 18).
Feb. 27, 2019, 6:39 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Around a quarter of Mauritanian girls are force-fed, but in rural areas it can be as high as . The long term health risks for the girls include diabetes, heart disease, and kidney failure" (para. 13). "Girls are taught from a young age about the importance of being overweight, as it makes them more desirable and easier to marry off. The consequent food shortage has led to families turning to industrially-produced chemicals, sometimes meant only for animals, as an alternative way of fattening up" (para. 36 - 37).
Feb. 27, 2019, 6:39 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"The girls eventually work up to consuming 16,000 calories a day, being force fed kilos of porridge, couscous, drink litres of sweetened camel's milk, as well as chicken, vegetable and more couscous at lunch and dinner" (para. 9).
Feb. 27, 2019, 6:37 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Girls of a West African nation are forced to consume up to 16,000 calories a day in a bid to make them gain weight so they appear more 'attractive' to men" (para. 1).
Feb. 21, 2019, 8:18 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"But the Muslim Brotherhood also has a reputation for wanting to keep women at home and for requiring them to wear headscarves." (para 10.) To ask Mrs Ghaneya about making headscarves compulsory appears irrelevant in the Egyptian Delta. Everyone is wearing one. She herself wears a voluminous blue garment that covers everything except her face and hands." (para 11). "...she is encouraging other women to participate in politics by standing in the presidential elections, which are due to be held later in the year...A non-headscarf wearing woman does not stand a chance. And I challenge her on whether last year's parliamentary election results suggest that Egyptian women simply do not...more
Jan. 2, 2019, 10:32 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Leblouh refers to the practice of force-feeding young girls for marriage. Heavier girls and women are viewed as beautiful, wealthy and socially-accepted while their slimmer counterparts are considered inferior and bring shame on their families in Mauritanian society. In Mauritanian culture, being thin is unappealing. A fat girl symbolizes wealth and social class. This practice, also known as gavage, dates back to a time when Mauritania’s population consisted of lowly, white Moor Arabs. Back then, a Mauritanian man was considered wealthy and well-respected if his wives did not engage in housework. Since they spent most of their time just sitting and being lazy by not doing any work, these wives...more
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee expresses concern that harmful practices, such as child and forced marriage, polygamy, female genital mutilation and other forms of excision, humiliating and degrading widowhood practices, force-feeding, levirate and sororate, remain prevalent and unpunished in the State party" (page 6) (Coder comment: the practice of force-feeding in Mali is intended to give young girls a rounder, more "mature-looking" body so that they can be married as soon as possible - ARR).
June 7, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"As a medical anthropologist, I’ve spent years studying Brazilian plastic surgery. While many patients are incredibly thankful for the opportunity to become beautiful, the 'right to beauty' has a darker side to it. Everyone I interviewed in Brazil admitted that plastic surgeries were risky affairs. In the public hospitals where these plastic surgeries are free or much cheaper than in private clinics, I heard many patients declare that they were 'cobaias' (guinea pigs) for the medical residents who would operate on them. Yet these patients, most of whom were women, also told me that living without beauty in Brazil was to take an even bigger risk. Beauty is perceived as...more
Aug. 8, 2017, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Gathered in a tent in the Algerian desert, 30 young women are preparing for a big day many thought they could never afford — a wedding. Draped in beaded fabrics, the women lift their veils so make-up can be applied to their faces and hold out their hands for henna tattoos, the smell of incense wafting through the tent"(para 1-2)
July 5, 2017, 5:46 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

¨During the investigation, the committees received hundreds of complaints from women whose companies had demanded that they ´dye their hair blonde,´ ´wear revealing outfits´ or ´constantly reapply makeup.´´Discriminatory dress codes remain widespread,´ the report said¨(para 5-6).¨Ms. Thorp said her heel revolt, while a protest against sexism and discrimination, was also a matter of public health given the toll that high heels take on women’s feet. ´The company expected me to do a nine-hour shift on my feet escorting clients to meeting rooms,´ she said. ´I told them that I just wouldn’t be able to do that in heels´¨(para 9).¨Portico on Wednesday said it had rewritten its code almost immediately after...more
June 29, 2017, 1:28 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"women from the Datoga tribe, in Tanzania, scar the skin around their eyes for beauty" (para 38).
June 29, 2017, 1:28 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"In south Sudan Toposa women create geometric scars on their stomach when they marry" (para 36).
June 29, 2017, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Young girls are being cut with knives and razor blades to create prominent scars considered beautiful in tribal societies in Ethiopia" (para 3). "The photographer said that children are told not to practice scarification any more, but men in the tribes say bare skin is 'ugly'" (para 7). "'The kid chooses to do it, nobody obliged her. Scarifications are a beauty sign in the tribes. This is the tradition in Surma tribe,' he said" (para 9). "Scarification is considered to be beautiful and a form of art in the area and people volunteer to undergo the practice" (para 12). "Young girls are being cut with knives and razor blades to...more
Feb. 8, 2017, 8:14 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1, PHBP-LAW-1, PHBP-DATA-1

"In the United States, where minors can get plastic surgery with parental consent, rhinoplasties account for about 50 percent of plastic surgeries performed on teenagers" (para 11).
Jan. 27, 2017, 6:55 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Sen. Mauricio Lizcano, who introduced the law, told Foreign Policy in a phone interview Wednesday that it’s necessary because plastic surgery 'has become the fashion for girls.' He added that the surgeries carried both physical and psychological risks for young people. Lizcano said an estimated 30 percent of Colombia’s plastic surgeries are performed on minors, a worrying trend in a country that has the fifth-largest plastic surgery industry in the world. Plastic surgery in Colombia is often used as a form of class mobility and a way to meet impossibly high beauty standards" (para 3-5).
Nov. 30, 2016, 8:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Mali regards the following 16 practices as harmful to the health of women and children: Excision, Scarification, Filing of teeth, Cionectomy, Tattooing, Bloodletting, The use of aphrodisiacs by women, Depigmentation...Nutritional taboos, Forced feeding, Starvation diet prior to marriage" (35).
Aug. 24, 2016, 3:16 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, PHBP-PRACTICE-1, DMW-PRACTICE-2

"The ensuing samba ritual involves cutting cruciform nicks into the girl's chest and hands with a razor to not only help cleanse her of her bad luck, but to make her more attractive to older men" (para 10).
May 10, 2016, 7:04 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Mauritania must ban the practice of force feeding young girls to fatten them up for marriage, says a report which highlights the case of a child bride who died last year after being put on a dangerously high-calorie diet. Some young girls in Mauritania are even taking animal growth hormones and other dangerous drugs to help pile on the pounds and make themselves more marriageable. Many men in the West African country consider obese women beautiful, seeing their size as a sign of wealth and prestige. Girls of around eight can weigh 140kg (300lb) after force feeding, putting a huge strain on their hearts and jeopardising their health. Young women...more
May 3, 2016, 11:32 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1, PHBP-DATA-1

"Eating disorders remained a serious problem, especially among young women: among young people aged 19 to 24, 43% of women and about 14% of men were underweight" (10).
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

""There is not a high rate of women in Ukraine performing potentially harmful beauty practices. In regards to plastic surgery in Ukraine, it is very expensive. Many do not have the money to pay for it. Therefore, it is not very common. It is growing in popularity, especially with breast enhancements or intentional mastectomy's to prevent cancer. However, eating disorders in Ukraine are very common. There is a high societal pressure for young women to obtain a thin figure, and that pressure has been growing through the years, and through how women are portrayed in the media. The eating disorders here are very bad, and very common in the urban...more
Jan. 1, 2016, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Media’s totally normal-appearing ageless older women are the product of two tricks: cosmetic procedures and digital alteration. Whether we like it or not, we start to look different as we age. For men, those changes are most often depicted as looking 'distinguished' and aren’t something for men to be ashamed of. For women, those changes are to be immediately stopped, reversed and hidden at all costs. Seriously, ALL costs – financially, time-wise and health-wise. Because you’re worth it" (para 9). "Let’s talk about Botox, baby. Plastic surgery is the most profitable industry in the U.S., and Botox is the No. 1 cosmetic treatment. Several million people have Botulinum Toxin injected...more
Aug. 12, 2015, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Ivory Coast has banned skin-whitening creams, which are widely used in west Africa, because of fears they cause lasting damage to health, the health ministry said Wednesday" (para 1). "'The number of people with side effects caused by these medicines is really high,' said Christian Doudouko, a member of Ivory Coast’s pharmaceutical authority, warning that they could cause skin cancer. Lightening products can also lead to hypertension and diabetes, said Elidje Ekra, a dermatologist at the Treichville university hospital in Abidjan. Whitening creams have been popular for years among young African women, who see them as a way to make themselves more attractive" (para 4-6). "'In our cultures, some people...more
July 28, 2015, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

" ‘In a society like ours, which is obsessed with beauty and physical appearance, what chance do women like me have to gain respectable employment?’ Zarina [who was burned by her husband in his attempt to kill her] asks" (p 9)
June 25, 2015, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Women are obsessed with their looks. A lot of women are always on diet and ungoing medical procedures (tomach rank and others) to achieve the beauty standards".
April 16, 2015, 4:34 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

Potentially harmful beauty practices like anorexia, bulimia, and plastic surgery are not very common. Skin lightening may be practiced by some women.
April 11, 2015, 11:05 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Dr. Olivier Veran, the legislator and neurologist who championed the bills, said he was 'fighting malnutrition. A person should not be obliged to starve herself in order to work,' he said" (para 3-4). The French parliament announced a bill prohibiting modeling agencies from hiring too thin models (ORR-CODER COMMENT). "'Malnutrition is a major health issue,' Dr. Veran said, noting that those who suffer from anorexia often develop osteoporosis, gum disease and heart problems. Doctors who study anorexia say that while young girls who starve themselves may feel fine at the time, the consequences can affect their health later, even if they recover from the anorexia" (para 6-7). "'When you look...more
April 9, 2015, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"Marita sits on a stool at her stall in an open market just outside Harare. She is counting brightly-coloured sweets and placing them carefully into a bag. Her neighbour on the right sells packets of big fresh potatoes and tomatoes, and on her left is another market woman, Tarisai, perched behind baskets of fresh bananas. The sweets are only a cover for Marita’s real business. Hidden at her feet is a cardboard box filled with glossy tubs of lotion and pill packets. One by one, customers take turns to visit Marita’s table with an orderliness you rarely see in an open market. Marita receives dollar after dollar in exchange for...more
Oct. 31, 2014, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"The number of babies we have received is much higher than those in other baby shelters around the country over the same period," said Xu, adding that most were diagnosed with conditions such as cerebral palsy, congenital heart disease, Down's syndrome and cleft palates" (para 3) The inclusion of cleft palates as a reason for abandonment, indicates that babies are being abandoned for cosmetic reasons and possible concern over the child's future development (BLH-CODER COMMENT).