The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for POLY-LAW-2

Jan. 30, 2017, 4:13 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

"In such cases the first wife has the right to request that her marriage be dissolved but must repay her bride price" (18).
Aug. 18, 2015, 10:52 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

"If the man has more than one wife, he is responsible to share alimony between his wives equally. In fact, one of the conditions for polygamy is the man’s financial ability to pay equally for all wives" (85)
April 28, 2015, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

"If there is no will there is a new law (Devolution of Estates Act of 2007) that divvies land and other assets up between wives children and other family members. The most senior wife gets first priority in administering the estate" (para 8)
May 25, 2014, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

"The bill initially allowed the first wife the right to veto the husband's choice of additional spouses. Male members of parliament successfully pushed to get that clause dropped" (para 4). "'All marriages will be issued with marriage certificates, including customary marriages...'" (para 11)
Feb. 21, 2014, 8:31 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

"That said, in polygamous marriages, the husband is only considered to be the head of the family that he establishes with his first wife; subsequent wives are considered to be the heads of their respective households [28]" (para 5)
Nov. 4, 2013, 6:32 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

"Women involved in this form of marriage have no voice and no channels to complain" (para 9)
Oct. 31, 2011, 12:10 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

"The Muslim religious organizations perceive the new Family code as showing clear willingness by the Government to serve foreign visions to our society. They disagree with the principles of secularism in terms of marriage, the age of marriage, the provisions around inheritance, and they are fighting for the legal recognition of religious marriages, providing the same rights and obligations to the spouses in polygamous unions while maintaining the obligation of obedience of the wife to her husband, but also the contribution of the two spouses to household responsibilities. Therefore, they have shown their strong opposition to the promulgation of the Family Code through a large mobilization and a march. In ...more
Jan. 19, 2011, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

"With regard to access to land and resource management, the woman does not inherit as much as her uterine brothers. She has a right to use the resources. Only men are allowed to own land, and in the case of polygamous households, women marrying the same man are called to cultivate the land belonging to their husbands" (Section: Customary norms, religious beliefs and social practices that influence gender-differentiated land rights)
Nov. 29, 2010, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Bahamas
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

ÒPolygamy is not permitted by law.Ó (118)
Nov. 4, 2010, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

"In customary marriages, a woman has a life interest in the matrimonial home, which has to be shared among wives in case of polygamous marriages... In polygamous marriages, each wife keeps the home she was living in at the time of the husband's death, with its household contents. The wives share one-third of the remaining property, with the senior wife getting the largest share and all the children sharing the remaining two-thirds. In cases where the senior wife's house is less valuable than the others or where the remaining estate is too small to share, the children risk ending up with nothing" (Section: Customary Law). "Although the Matrimonial Causes Act ...more
Nov. 3, 2010, 7:57 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

"Although Article 16, Section 2 of the Family Code formally states that marriage is monogamous, polygamous marriages are widely practised. Moreover, the law does not recognize polygamous marriages, which limits the rights of the second polygamous wives in terms of access to land and natural resources" (Section: Customary Law)
Nov. 3, 2010, 7:54 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

"Section 20: Registration for monogamous or polygamous marriages is obligatory and non-compliance is punishable by a fine. However, a non-registered marriage is not void. A first wife may object to a polygamous marriage if this could result in hardship for her and her children" (Section: National Legal Frame)
Nov. 3, 2010, 7:54 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

"INHERITANCE/SUCCESSION DE FACTO PRACTICES: The customary tenure system uses patrilineal transfer of land ownership. In patrilineal societies, inheritance and descent are traced through the father's lineage and property devolves along the male line, to the exclusion of women. - The male heir is responsible for maintaining and caring for the estate and its dependants: namely, the widow and the children. - In non-Christian households, polygamy and levirate practices, which compel a widow to marry one of her late husband's brothers, limit women's access to land because women depend on their husbands' land for their survival. - The only right that a widow of a polygamous marriage can claim under customary ...more
Oct. 29, 2010, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

"CUSTOMARY NORMS, RELIGIOUS BELIEFS AND SOCIAL PRACTICES THAT INFLUENCE GENDER-DIFFERENTIATED LAND RIGHTS:... Customary marriages in most communities are potentially polygamous and not registered. These marriages are regulated primarily by unwritten customary laws that differ from community to community. For example, in Herero communities, civil marriages are usually technically in community of property, while husband and wife have separate movable property in terms of customary law. It is not uncommon, in regions other than the Caprivi, for a couple to marry in terms of both civil and customary law and to rely upon different legal and social norms, depending on the situation at hand. It also occurs that a man is ...more
Oct. 26, 2010, 8:27 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

"Although, polygamy is prohibited by law, it is practised in the rural areas of some regions without legal repercussions. Women have no legal course of action against husbands who take another wife" (para 4)
Sept. 28, 2010, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

"Polygamous marriages have increased since independence. Polygamy typically takes the form of acquiring a woman over the age of 25 as a second wife by means of a religious ceremony by a Muslim cleric. The second wife has no legal rights under statutory law" (para 4)
Sept. 28, 2010, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

"Marriage: Muslim women have the right to choose their husband but cannot marry non-Muslim men. Non-Muslim women who marry Muslim men are subject to the Shari'a, but are not automatically entitled to all the privileges accorded by that law, such as inheritance rights. Women have to be at least 16 years old to marry, and men 18. Polygamy is legal, with the sole requirement that the husband must notify his existing wives of his intention to marry again and must notify his wife-to-be of the existence of his other wives. Furthermore, women do not have the right to travel abroad without their husband's consent. Female members of the Coptic Orthodox ...more
Sept. 24, 2010, 9:57 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

"Polygamous marriages make the issue of land rights complex, especially in the division of use rights among several women. In practice, the oldest wife has access to land because only one wife is allowed to register. Such use rights are vulnerable and are subject to contestation upon dissolution of marriage. In the SNNPR and Oromiya regions, polygamous wives' resistance has resulted in a change in the registration and certification system so that the husband's name can be included on the certificate with his first wife and with his later wives" (Customary norms, religious beliefs and social practices that influence gender-differentiated land rights). "Women's rights to land are sidelined despite the ...more
Sept. 24, 2010, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Bahamas
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

"Polygamy is not permitted by law" (118).
Sept. 22, 2010, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

"Although the Civil Code envisions gender equality in relation to inheritance, in practice there is a difference in inheritance between children born in wedlock and those born to concubines, or cohabitation. That difference is the consequence of non-recognition of concubines by the statutory legal system: people must marry placed vital that children and women inherit. Similarly, a woman placed after the disappearance of her husband, is not recognized by law as having rights to the assets of her husband. Indeed, despite the extent of concubines, the law does not recognize community property for persons placed" (Discrepancies/gaps between statutory and customary laws). "Since only the marriage is legally recognized, women and ...more
Aug. 25, 2010, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

"The law of succession is included in the Code of Persons and Family 1989: The surviving spouse is one of the heirs and entitled to a variable depending on whether or not descendants exist art. 742-744. In cases of polygamy, the same standard applies and the wives share the viudale quota" (Inheritance legal mechanisms).
May 13, 2010, 1:32 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

"Although, polygamy is prohibited by law, it is practised in the rural areas of some regions without legal repercussions. Women have no legal course of action against husbands who take another wife" (para 73)
April 29, 2010, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

"Although the families are entitled to claim social security for each wife, no one has counted how many of them are on benefits" (para 2). "A senior Conservative MP and immigration expert called for action last night to end the scandal of women being pressured into entering unrecognised marriages with no rights" (para 4). "Opposition politicians are concerned about the burden being placed by polygamy on the social security and tax systems. A husband may claim housing benefit for each wife even if she is abroad, for up to 52 weeks, as long as the absence is temporary and for pressing reasons. In a draft Commons reply released under the ...more
March 5, 2010, 9:36 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

It does not appear that there are laws protecting the rights of multiple wives among Swedes, as polygyny appears not to be practiced
March 5, 2010, 9:36 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

It does not appear that there are laws protecting the rights of multiple wives among the German Swiss, as polygyny appears not to be practiced
March 5, 2010, 9:36 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

After reading though the EWC Cultural files on all of the major ethnic groups within the country, all available CEDAW reports, all of the UN Human Right's treaties, Shadow reports, Measure DHS - household survey reports and other available Journal articles and news sources we have found no evidence that polygynous marriages are a national issue. They do not even appear to be a cultural or regional occurrence. Other evidence may be found in the future but as of this comment the practice appears to be extremely minimal or non existent. This may explain why there is no evidence of rules regarding inheritance or regulation within a polygynous union by ...more
March 5, 2010, 9:36 a.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

In the Tajiks culture (population approx 7300000) the following was found in the EWC cultural files. There was no mention of polygyny. Usually the encyclopedia mentions such practices if they occur.
March 5, 2010, 9:36 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

It does not appear that there are laws protecting the rights of multiple wives among the Akha (pop 430,000) (JKL, EWC Vol.5 1991, 11-13). It does not appear that there are laws protecting the rights of multiple wives among the Central Thai (pop approx 13 million) (JKL, EWC Vol.5 1991, 69-72). It does not appear that there are laws protecting the rights of multiple wives among the Hmong (pop about 2.5 million) (JKL, EWC Vol.5 1991, 92-95). It does not appear that there are laws protecting the rights of multiple wives among the Karen (pop more than 3 million) (JKL, EWC Vol.5 1991, 124-129). It does not appear that there ...more
March 5, 2010, 9:36 a.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

Most Ewe and Fon marriages are Polygynous if the man has the means to have more than one wife. Women acan divorce their husbands if they are not treated well and most women are married at least one husband
March 5, 2010, 9:36 a.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: POLY-LAW-2

In the Trinidadians and Tobagonians culture (population approximately 1088000) the EWC cultural file said the following about Trinidadians and Tobagonians living in Trinidad and Tobago. Colonial elites practiced a system of dual marriages or sexual unions, despite espousing ideals of monogamy. This is the only practice of polygyny in the culture, however. There is therefore no mention of legal rights including in such unions. In the East Indians in Trinidad culture (population approximately 215613) the EWC cultural file said the following about East Indians in Trinidad living in Trinidad and Tobago. There is no mention of any formal polygyny in the East Indian culture, usually the Encyclopedia mentions such customs ...more