The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for PW-LAW-1

Oct. 26, 2017, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4, MARR-DATA-2, PW-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1, PW-DATA-1

"He [Chechnya’s dictator Ramzan Kadyrov] advocates polygamy as the solution when women run foul of traditional law, saying it is 'better to be a second or third wife than to be killed'. Though he officially bans under-age marriage and bridal abduction, cases of local security servicemen forcing very young girls into marriages, and as second or de facto temporary wives have been reported"(para 16)
June 21, 2017, 11:58 a.m.
Countries: Bahamas
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-2, PW-LAW-1

"Under paragraph 2, the foreign party may be denied registration for citizenship if there is satisfactory evidence of the following:...The foreign party was convicted in another country of an indictable criminal offence involving 'moral turpitude.' Bigamy and polygamy would qualify" (para 12, 16). This indicates that polygyny and bigamous living situations are not legal in the Bahamas (MLFD - CODER COMMENT)
June 20, 2017, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Polygyny in rural Haiti is not legal but it is different from the “extramarital affair” in that, 1) it is recognized by the community, 2) efforts are made to produce children in all of the unions, 3) the man provides a home and the capital necessary for his wife to engage in marketing activities and to invest in productive, labor intensive activities centered around the household (working for wages, planting gardens and/or tending livestock), and 4) all the women are expected to remain sexually faithful to him (Murray et al. 1998)" (para 3)
June 19, 2017, 1:39 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Similarly, according to Article 96 of the Swiss Civil Code: 'Toute personne qui veut se remarier doit établir que son précédent mariage a été annulé ou dissous'” (60). Translation "All persons who want to remarry must establish that their preceding marriage was canceled or dissolved" (MLFD - CODER COMMENT)
June 19, 2017, 1:36 p.m.
Countries: Belgium, France, Luxembourg
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"European civil law countries also have provisions prohibiting polygamous unions. In France, Belgium, and Luxembourg, Article 147 of their Civil Codes states 'On ne peut contracter un second mariage avant la dissolution du premier'" (60). Translation "One can not enter into a second marriage before the dissolution/termination of the first marriage" (MLFD - CODER COMMENT)
June 16, 2017, 11:46 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-2, PW-LAW-1

"If you are naturalized man who is Swiss through marriage and you contract a second Islamic marriage while being married to the Swiss wife who “naturalized” you and the authorities find out about it, THEY WILL STRIP YOU OF YOUR SWISS CITIZENSHIP AND KICK YOU OUT OF THE COUNTRY. The legal reasoning behind stripping you of your citizenship is that you came about the citizenship illegally because you broke your oath to your spouse, and you broke the oath to the commune, the canton and the country to abide by its laws and polygamy is against the law" (para 5)
June 15, 2017, 4:17 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Polygyny is legal but is practiced only by a small minority of Muslim men" (para 23)
June 15, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Canada's Supreme Court is in the middle of a judicial enquiry to examine whether the country's anti-ploygamy law violates religious freedom or whether the law should be fully enforced. The law, which has existed for over 60 years, has yet to fully prosecute a case of polygamy" (para 1-2)
June 14, 2017, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, D R Congo, Gambia, Guinea, Togo
Variables: PW-LAW-1, PW-DATA-1

Table 1 on 524 shows that polygyny is illegal in these countries: Benin, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Cote d’Ivoire, Gambia, Guinea and Togo. Further, the table shows that the average percentage of married men in polygynous union in these countries was 29%.
June 14, 2017, 4:37 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Central African Rep, Chad, Gabon, Mali, Mozambique, Senegal, Tanzania
Variables: PW-LAW-1, PW-DATA-1

Table 1 on 524 shows that polygyny is restricted in these countries: Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Gabon, Mali, Mozambique, Senegal, and Tanzania. Further, the table shows that the average percentage of married men in polygynous union in these countries was 25%.
June 14, 2017, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon, Congo, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Niger, Sudan, Uganda
Variables: PW-LAW-1, PW-DATA-1

Table 1 on 524 shows polygyny laws in countries with at least 10% of married men in polygynous union. In these countries, Cameroon, Republic of the Congo, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Niger, Sudan, and Uganda polygyny is legal and the average percentage of married men in polygynous union was 22%.
June 14, 2017, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia, Turkey
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"It is as unacceptable, and far less prevalent, than having an extra-marital affair. Polygamy is illegal in Turkey and Tunisia and is put at 3% in Egypt according to official figures" (para 9)
June 13, 2017, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The idea of allowing Turkmens to marry more than one wife is said to have come from Turkmen President Saparmurad Niyazov himself. He brought up the proposal a few weeks ago at a meeting broadcast on national television. The suggestion is simple: a man can marry again but only if he has the written permission of his first wife. There has been little discussion of the idea so far in Turkmenistan's heavily controlled media. But if the proposal were accepted it would be a move unique in this vast Central Asian region stretching from Iran to China" (para 3-6). This is a proposal and polygyny has yet to be a ...more
June 13, 2017, 2:30 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: PW-LAW-1

“Turkmenistan is the only state in the post-Soviet state, where polygamy is officially permitted. A man can have up to four wives. However, to conclude a second, third and fourth marriages a man has to submit all kinds of certificates and documents proving his financial solvency. This man is obliged to provide an adequate living for all his wives and children. If the local administration is satisfied by the presented proof, it issues permission for marriage" (para 12)
June 12, 2017, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"There are two prevalent types of polygamy in Uganda. The first being the de jure legally recognized marriage under customary and mohammedan law, it is practiced by members of various indigenous nationalities and those who profess Islam and the second is the de facto polygyny eminent in cohabitation with permanent mistresses which isn’t legally recognized. The Ugandan legal system is plural in nature on the matter of polygynous marriages owing to its colonial legacy. In essence Polygyny is condoned and accepted under customary law and forbidden under civil and church marriages" (para 2)
June 12, 2017, 2:39 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"In 2004, a new family code guaranteed women more rights in marriage and divorce, raising the minimum age for marriage and restricting polygamy" (p 6)
June 12, 2017, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Across Uganda, where polygamy for men is legal, adultery committed by husbands is widely tolerated, while adultery committed by wives results in shame and stigma, says Irene Mulyagonja, a family law lawyer in Kampala" (para 6)
June 9, 2017, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Despite a legal prohibition of early marriages and polygamy, these practices are becoming more common...The law is vague on the issue of polygamy, and there is no judicial definition of polygamy. Chapter V, Article 126 of the Criminal Code provides for a fine of 50-150 times the minimum monthly wage or correctional labor of up to three years or imprisonment of up to three years as punishment for cohabitation of a man with two or more women as a common household" (para 43-44)
June 9, 2017, 2:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The next revision occurred 27 years later with the passage of the Marriage and Family Law of 1986...Polygamy was specifically outlawed" (97-98)
June 9, 2017, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Second, the Marriage and Family Law of 1959 declared polygamy illegal" (96)
June 9, 2017, 12:52 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"'Our constitution allows polygamy,' he [Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe] told the gathering. 'We will not force people into monogamous marriages. Even in the Bible, polygamy is allowed. King Solomon was not only blessed with a lot of wealth but he also had many wives'" (para 6)
June 9, 2017, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"While the government has made illegal some traditional practices, such as lobo- la (bride price), others, such as polygamy, remain legal" (5). This data does not exceed the year 2003. (MLFD - CODER COMMENT)
June 8, 2017, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-2, PW-LAW-1

"Although polygamy is prohibited under statutory law, it is authorised under cus- tomary law and continues to be practised in rural areas" (2)
June 8, 2017, 3:17 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1

"The Customary Marriages Act (Chapter 5:07) allows men to have as many wives as they want, but does not accord the same privilege to women. Under this Act, a husband can sue for adultery but the wife cannot do the same" (para 44-45)
June 8, 2017, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Zimbabwe is governed by two marriage laws, namely the Marriages Act (Chapter 5:11), and the Customary Marriages Act (Chapter 5:07). Due to the dual system of customary and general law that is used in Zimbabwe, these types of marriages have been given different status by the law with negative consequences on women’s rights. In addition there is an Unregistered Customary Law Marriage which unlike the former two marriages is not valid at law. Upon separation or divorce, a spouse can only get property or a share of it if he/she can prove to have purchased or contributed towards it because the Matrimonial Causes Act does not apply to this type ...more
June 8, 2017, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: PW-LAW-1, PW-DATA-1

"Polygamy is legal in Malaysia for Muslims, who account for 55% of its 28 million population. However, Muslims tend to disagree on how to interpret their religion’s teachings on the subject" (para 32-33)
June 8, 2017, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1

"But such marriages are not that common any more with most couples preferring the monogamous marriages that fall under Chapter 5:11 of the Marriages Act. However, that has not stopped men from getting more women through unregistered unions. Wealthy men for instance will pay lobola, buy the women houses, cars and then have children. These women remain behind the scenes for years and the official widow will only know about their existence when the man dies" (para 22-25)
June 8, 2017, 2:27 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"This couple is married under Chapter 37 of the Marriages Act (now known as Chapter 5:11) which only allows a man to marry just one woman" (para 13)
May 1, 2017, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1

"For the most part, Muslim marriage falls under the Administration of the Muslim Law Act, which empowers a sharia (Islamic law) court to oversee such matters. The law allows Muslim men to practice polygyny, although the Registry of Muslim Marriages, which solicits the views of an existing wife or wives and reviews the financial capability of the husband, may refuse husbands’ requests to take additional spouses" (22).
Feb. 10, 2017, 4:34 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned about the existence of traditional and religious marriages, which are solely based on religious ceremonies and customary traditions, including de facto polygamous marriages, which deny women and children legal and economic protection upon their dissolution" (9)