The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for PW-LAW-1

Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Polygyny is legal, while polyandry is not" (24).
Aug. 3, 2019, 7:26 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: PW-LAW-1, PW-DATA-1, POLY-LAW-1

"Polygamy is a customary practice commonly accepted in Mozambique, even though it is legally prohibited. There are no statistical data, because this practice is legally recognized, but we are conscious that in rural areas this practice abounds. And we also know that the second, third and even fourth woman has no legal rights and protection whatsoever" (63)
Aug. 3, 2019, 7 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: PW-LAW-1, PW-DATA-1

"Although Article 16(2) of the Family Law formally states that marriage is monogamous, polygamous marriages are widely practised" (para 21)
Aug. 3, 2019, 6:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: PW-LAW-1, PW-DATA-1

"Although, according to the Chapter on marriage of the Country Code, polygamy is a crime punished by law, it is still widely practiced. Moreover, the law does not invalidate the second marriage itself and allows men to take a second wife under special circumstances. Section 10 of the Country Code states that the second marriage of a man may be recognized if he copes with the provisions set by the law" (para 23)
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The government additionally required Saudi men wishing to marry a second wife who is a foreigner to submit documentation attesting to the fact that his first wife is disabled, has a chronic disease, or is sterile" (43).
July 19, 2019, 9:32 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: PW-LAW-1, PW-DATA-1

""Polygamy is legal for Muslims but rarely practiced; although men may take up to four wives at one time, less than 4 percent exercise this right" (11)
July 19, 2019, 9 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Polygamy is illegal for non-Muslim citizens (about 95% of the population)" (44)
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1

"The acceptance of polygamy and repudiation under customary law" (14).
July 9, 2019, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5, PW-LAW-1

"The NGOCC and several of its member organizations observed that the country’s dual system of customary and statutory law made it difficult to end injustices against women. For instance polygyny is legally permitted under customary law. Women’s organizations stated that the bride price had entrenched societal patriarchal dominance. The practice of “sexual cleansing,” in which a widow is compelled to have sexual relations with her late husband’s relatives as part of a cleansing ritual, declined significantly; some local leaders banned the practice. The penal code prohibits “sexual cleansing” of girls under age 16" (Pg 21).
July 8, 2019, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, IW-PRACTICE-1, IW-LAW-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, CUST-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-2, PW-LAW-1

"The law provides women with the same legal status and rights as men. Discrimination against women, however, was widespread, especially in rural areas. Many customary laws discriminate against women in adoption, marriage, divorce, and inheritance. Under local customary law in many areas, women may not own or inherit property or retain custody of their children. Traditional divorce law in many areas requires women to meet stricter evidentiary standards than men to prove adultery. Polygyny is legal under both customary and Islamic law. In some ethnic groups, men may “inherit” the widows of their deceased brothers" (Pg 29).
June 21, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Religious ceremonies also made polygyny possible, despite the illegality of the practice" (p. 23).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Men can marry up to four wives and do not require consent from existing wives to marry additional wives" (Pg 15).
May 30, 2019, 11:13 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The law punishes polygamy with up to three years of imprisonment and fines, and does not penalize the women in such cases" (26).
May 7, 2019, 11:16 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Men may marry more than one wife" (105).
April 24, 2019, 11:38 a.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Polygyny is permitted for Muslim men, but is limited and strictly regulated by the Syariah Court and the Registry of Muslim Marriages which oversees Muslim marriages and other family law matter" (p. 20).
April 11, 2019, 11:47 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"In addition, article 20 states that no minister may conduct a religious marriage ceremony without the presentation of the certificate of civil marriage prescribed in article 28, thereby precluding polygamous marriage" (35).
April 11, 2019, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The law prohibits sexual exploitation of children, including child pornography, with penalties of 22 to 26 years’ imprisonment" (p. 24).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The law permits a man to have as many as four wives and an unlimited number of 'sigheh' (temporary wives), based on a Shia custom under which couples may enter into a limited-time civil and religious contract, which outlines the union’s conditions." (34).
March 15, 2019, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, PW-LAW-1

"The family code places the family under the joint responsibility of both spouses, makes divorce available by mutual consent, and places legal limits on polygamy. Implementation of family law reforms remained a problem. The judiciary lacked willingness to enforce them, as many judges did not agree with their provisions. Corruption among working-level court clerks and lack of knowledge about its provisions among lawyers were also obstacles to enforcement of the law" (page 28).
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The personal status code permits men to have up to four wives at the same time, but they are required to treat them equally" (page 19).
Feb. 26, 2019, 6:28 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The bottom line is that polygamy is illegal in Canada" (para. 1).
Feb. 18, 2019, 7:08 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: PW-LAW-1, POLY-LAW-2

"The Inheritance and marital property law only applies to registered legal marriages, excluding customary and polygamous marriages. Most marriages in Rwanda are not registered and, as such, women, particularly co-wives in polygamous marriages, do not enjoy inheritance rights in practice" (1-2)
Feb. 18, 2019, 7:04 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: PW-LAW-1, POLY-LAW-2

"Common law and polygamous marriages are not recognized; thus, common law wives and junior wives in polygamous marriages do not receive the marital rights granted in the Constitution or the Succession Law" (120)
Feb. 18, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: PW-LAW-1, PW-DATA-1, POLY-LAW-2

"Polygynous marriages are rare in Rwanda, but are still practiced to some extent, especially in the northern, rural parts of the country. As civil law does not recognise polygynous marriages either, women in such unions are also unprotected by the law" (91)
Feb. 11, 2019, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Although prohibited by statutory law, polygamy is authorised and widely practiced under customary and Islamic" (11)
Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1

"Additionally, if marriage certificates of Muslim couples do not specify the type of marriage, judges presume the marriage to be polygynous" (page 22).
Feb. 6, 2019, 7:33 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-2, PW-LAW-1

"Although the civil legal code does not recognize polygamy, a small minority practiced it under customary law" (Pg 19).
Feb. 6, 2019, 2:48 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-2, PW-LAW-1

"While the law prohibits polygamy, traditional and religious customs permit men to have more than one wife" (Pg 17).
Feb. 6, 2019, 6:38 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"In 2011, the B.C. Supreme Court upheld the section of the Criminal Code that prohibits polygamy as constitutional and ruled that the harm against women and children from polygamy far outweighs concerns over protecting religious freedom" (para. 17). Polygamus marriages are not recognized by the state. Nevertheless, some islamic marriage / nikah are not always registered with the authorities in order to not be accused of breaking the law. (JSM - Coder comment). "(Polygyny) is an offence punishable in Canada with up to a maximum of five years in prison" (para. 38).
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the lack of progress in reforming the Personal Status Act and reiterates its concern about legal provisions that discriminate against women and girls in relation to marriage and family relations, including: The permissibility of polygamy for Muslim men" (pg. 13).