The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for PW-LAW-1

Oct. 17, 2018, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, PW-LAW-1

"Under personal status laws that apply to Muslims, men can have four wives, while women cannot marry without a male guardian’s permission, unless they have previously married, or else they obtain court approval to marry without a male guardian’s permission or against their guardian’s wishes" (para 42).
Oct. 3, 2018, 12:53 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"(Tunisia) is governed by the Code of Personal Status and other legislation and texts stipulating the prohibition of polygamy" (para. 14). "The Tunisian Code of Personal Status prohibited polygamy and aimed for full gender equality; it was adopted in 1956 under Prime Minister Habib Bourguiba" (para. 22).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Under the new Civil Code of Eritrea bigamy is outlawed… Based on this exception bigamy (polygamy) was permitted for the followers of Islam. This approach has been abandoned and the NCCE does not contain such an exception." (7).
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The Personal Status Law regulates the terms and conditions under which a man may marry more than one woman. The law stipulates equitableness among wives in the event of multiple wives. There are no conditions that would lead to a wife’s loss of her financial rights if her husband marries another woman" (Pg 39). "The Personal Status Law, article 37, affirms a wife’s rights for which her husband is responsible, including maintenance. Her own property may not be encroached upon, and she is free to dispose of and enjoy it. She may retain her surname. She may not be harmed physically or psychologically. Article 59 of the aforesaid law states...more
Sept. 13, 2018, 7:46 a.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Muslim men in Malaysia can marry four wives" (para. 3).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The law on the mainland allows men to marry multiple wives in certain circumstances but does not allow women to have multiple husbands" (23-24).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The law permits a man to have as many as four wives" (22).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Although the law generally prohibits polygamy, there are exceptions if the wife is infertile, sick, or crippled...Polygamists not covered under the above exceptions are subject to a oneto two-year prison term and a fine, but the second marriage is not invalidated" (27). "The law encourages bigamy by allowing men to remarry without divorcing if the first wife is incapacitated or infertile" (31).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The family code places the family under the joint responsibility of both spouses, makes divorce available by mutual consent, and places legal limits on polygamy" (29). It is unclear what the legal limits on polygamy actually entail (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The Committee is deeply concerned that the progressive provisions on women’s rights included in the preliminary draft of the revised Personal and Family Code were lost during the second reading in the National Assembly as a result of pressure from conservative and religious groups, resulting in the 2011 Code, which contains many discriminatory provisions, including: . . . polygamy (art. 307)" (page 13).
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1, PW-LAW-1

"In May and August 2015, the State party adopted the Buddhist Women Special Law, the Population Control and Health-Care Law, the Religious Conversion Law and the Monogamy Law, which discriminate against women and have a negative impact on the enjoyment of their rights under the Convention" (page 4) (Coder comment: the Monogamy Law prohibits polygyny as well as extramarital affairs - ARR).
Aug. 20, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, PW-LAW-1

"The contradictions between the provisions of the Magna Carta of Women and those of the Code of Muslim Personal Laws and customary laws applicable to Muslim and indigenous communities, which provide for unequal relations between husband and wife, including harmful practices such as polygamy and child and forced marriage, as well as unequal practices with respect to inheritance" (page 15).
Aug. 17, 2018, 4:11 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Muslims in Malaysia are allowed four wives."
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The Criminal Code of Turkmenistan (revised on 10 May 2010) has made polygamy a crime" (44).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that the Marriage Act of 2014 consolidated all marriage regimes in the State party, and that other laws intended to promote equality in marriage have been passed. It remains concerned, however, about: The fact that the Marriage Act is not in conformity with the Constitution, in that it recognizes polygamy in the context of customary and Muslim marriages" (14)
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The Committee...expresses its concern that the legal framework in the State party, including exemptions under article 45 of the Constitution and article 49 (3) of the Marriage Act of 2014, discriminates against Muslim women and women in customary marriages, including...the legalization of polygamy" (2)
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, PW-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee notes with concern: (a) That the recent Constitutional Court judgment which, in effect, decriminalizes a religious marriage that was not preceded by a civil marriage, may provoke an increase in the number of polygamous and child marriages and may constitute a significant risk for women, given that unregistered religious marriages leave them with no economic protection guaranteed by civil law" (page 16).
June 6, 2018, 7:20 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1

"Speaking in Eastleigh, Nairobi during the Firi Festival, Duale was responding to polygamy calls by Kiambu women representative Gathoni wa Muchomba. Firi Festival is a one day cultural festival and business expo organised by the area’s business community meant to celebrate the cultural diversity of the area. 'A while back the lady from Kiambu told men of the Gikuyu community to have more than one wife, but we as the Islam community have the religious go ahead so we should marry four or more wives and have many children', Duale said" (Para 7-8).
May 1, 2018, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Australia doesn't recognise polygamy" (para 7).
April 23, 2018, 5:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"When it comes to polygamy and Indonesia, it’s a complicated relationship. Although the practice is legal in the Muslim-majority nation, there are restrictions on having more than one wife and it is widely frowned upon in society" (Para 1). "Under Indonesia’s marriage law, a Muslim man is only allowed to enter into a polygamous marriage if he has the consent of his first wife. Approval will only be given by a court if the applicant’s wife is proven to be 'unable to fulfil her duties' because she is terminally ill, disabled, or unable to bear children" (Para 9).
April 10, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: PW-LAW-1

" The Committee is also concerned that polygamy, which is contrary to the dignity of women and girls and infringes on their human rights and freedoms, as stated in joint general recommendation No. 31 of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women/general comment No. 18 of the Committee on the Rights of the Child on harmful practices (2014), is still permitted by law" (pg 6).
April 7, 2018, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The permissibility of polygamy and unequal and limited rights for women in relation to divorce and inheritance" (Pg 9).
March 28, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"That the practice of early marriage and polygamy persists, in particular in rural areas, although both practices are in principle sanctioned by law" (10).
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The Committee is deeply concerned about the persistence of patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society. It also remains concerned about the very high prevalence of harmful practices, in particular female genital mutilation, child marriage, polygamy and levirate, and the fact that they are not prohibited by law. The Committee urges the State party: (a) To adopt legal provisions explicitly prohibiting harmful practices, such as polygamy, child marriage, female genital mutilation, levirate and unequal inheritance rights for women, provide for adequate sanctions and ensure the effective implementation of the provisions; (b) To expeditiously adopt a comprehensive strategy...more
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: AOM-LAW-1, PW-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned about: (a) The lack of harmonization by the State party of its legislation with the Convention, which should take precedence over national laws, especially because article 97 of the Constitution considers international treaties at the constitutional rank; (b) The very long delays in revising the discriminatory provisions contained in national law, in particular the discriminatory provisions contained in the Family Code, including provisions relating to the different minimum age of marriage for girls and boys, the husband being the head of the household and polygamy. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Finalize within a clear time frame and as a priority the process of...more
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The Committee is nonetheless concerned about the delay in finalizing the reform of the Civil Code and about the introduction of a new discriminatory provision relating to polygamy" (4). "The Committee is concerned, however, about the insertion in the draft Civil Code of a provision allowing polygamy" (15).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: PW-LAW-1

“The Islamic Sharia permits polygamy according to specific rules, which address certain social problems, such as widowhood, spinsterhood, etc. Under the Islamic Sharia, fairness is a basic requirement that must be met in order to permit multiple wives” (50).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The Marriage Act however not only recognizes polygamous marriages but also allows the man to marry another wife without the first one’s consent" (9). "The law recognizes marriages under Christian tradition, civil tradition, customary law, Hindu tradition, Islamic tradition. All these marriages though recognized and must be registered (Sec 6(1)). Practices of other recognized groups or faiths may be notified in the Gazette (Sec 6(1) (f)).Accordingly Christian, Hindu or civil marriages are monogamous (Sec 6(2). Islamic and customary marriages on the other hand are potentially polygamous (Sec 6(3)" (37). "The Constitution of Kenya in Article 45(4) permits polygamy. It mandates Parliament with the task of enacting legislation that recognizes marriages...more
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"A process for the preparation of a draft personal status code was launched in 2005. The draft legislation is intended to put an end to legal pluralism and regulate family relations. It is an important step towards the establishment of a legal culture favourable to gender equality" (pg 7).
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The Committee remains concerned about…the maintenance of polygamy" (17).