The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for PW-LAW-1

July 17, 2018, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Although the law generally prohibits polygamy, there are exceptions if the wife is infertile, sick, or crippled...Polygamists not covered under the above exceptions are subject to a oneto two-year prison term and a fine, but the second marriage is not invalidated" (27). "The law encourages bigamy by allowing men to remarry without divorcing if the first wife is incapacitated or infertile" (31).
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The Criminal Code of Turkmenistan (revised on 10 May 2010) has made polygamy a crime" (44).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that the Marriage Act of 2014 consolidated all marriage regimes in the State party, and that other laws intended to promote equality in marriage have been passed. It remains concerned, however, about: The fact that the Marriage Act is not in conformity with the Constitution, in that it recognizes polygamy in the context of customary and Muslim marriages" (14)
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The Committee...expresses its concern that the legal framework in the State party, including exemptions under article 45 of the Constitution and article 49 (3) of the Marriage Act of 2014, discriminates against Muslim women and women in customary marriages, including...the legalization of polygamy" (2)
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, PW-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee notes with concern: (a) That the recent Constitutional Court judgment which, in effect, decriminalizes a religious marriage that was not preceded by a civil marriage, may provoke an increase in the number of polygamous and child marriages and may constitute a significant risk for women, given that unregistered religious marriages leave them with no economic protection guaranteed by civil law" (page 16).
June 6, 2018, 7:20 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1

"Speaking in Eastleigh, Nairobi during the Firi Festival, Duale was responding to polygamy calls by Kiambu women representative Gathoni wa Muchomba. Firi Festival is a one day cultural festival and business expo organised by the area’s business community meant to celebrate the cultural diversity of the area. 'A while back the lady from Kiambu told men of the Gikuyu community to have more than one wife, but we as the Islam community have the religious go ahead so we should marry four or more wives and have many children', Duale said" (Para 7-8).
May 1, 2018, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Australia doesn't recognise polygamy" (para 7).
April 23, 2018, 5:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"When it comes to polygamy and Indonesia, it’s a complicated relationship. Although the practice is legal in the Muslim-majority nation, there are restrictions on having more than one wife and it is widely frowned upon in society" (Para 1). "Under Indonesia’s marriage law, a Muslim man is only allowed to enter into a polygamous marriage if he has the consent of his first wife. Approval will only be given by a court if the applicant’s wife is proven to be 'unable to fulfil her duties' because she is terminally ill, disabled, or unable to bear children" (Para 9).
April 10, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: PW-LAW-1

" The Committee is also concerned that polygamy, which is contrary to the dignity of women and girls and infringes on their human rights and freedoms, as stated in joint general recommendation No. 31 of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women/general comment No. 18 of the Committee on the Rights of the Child on harmful practices (2014), is still permitted by law" (pg 6).
April 7, 2018, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The permissibility of polygamy and unequal and limited rights for women in relation to divorce and inheritance" (Pg 9).
March 28, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"That the practice of early marriage and polygamy persists, in particular in rural areas, although both practices are in principle sanctioned by law" (10).
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The Committee is deeply concerned about the persistence of patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society. It also remains concerned about the very high prevalence of harmful practices, in particular female genital mutilation, child marriage, polygamy and levirate, and the fact that they are not prohibited by law. The Committee urges the State party: (a) To adopt legal provisions explicitly prohibiting harmful practices, such as polygamy, child marriage, female genital mutilation, levirate and unequal inheritance rights for women, provide for adequate sanctions and ensure the effective implementation of the provisions; (b) To expeditiously adopt a comprehensive strategy...more
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: AOM-LAW-1, PW-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned about: (a) The lack of harmonization by the State party of its legislation with the Convention, which should take precedence over national laws, especially because article 97 of the Constitution considers international treaties at the constitutional rank; (b) The very long delays in revising the discriminatory provisions contained in national law, in particular the discriminatory provisions contained in the Family Code, including provisions relating to the different minimum age of marriage for girls and boys, the husband being the head of the household and polygamy. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Finalize within a clear time frame and as a priority the process of...more
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The Committee is nonetheless concerned about the delay in finalizing the reform of the Civil Code and about the introduction of a new discriminatory provision relating to polygamy" (4). "The Committee is concerned, however, about the insertion in the draft Civil Code of a provision allowing polygamy" (15).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: PW-LAW-1

“The Islamic Sharia permits polygamy according to specific rules, which address certain social problems, such as widowhood, spinsterhood, etc. Under the Islamic Sharia, fairness is a basic requirement that must be met in order to permit multiple wives” (50).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The Marriage Act however not only recognizes polygamous marriages but also allows the man to marry another wife without the first one’s consent" (9). "The law recognizes marriages under Christian tradition, civil tradition, customary law, Hindu tradition, Islamic tradition. All these marriages though recognized and must be registered (Sec 6(1)). Practices of other recognized groups or faiths may be notified in the Gazette (Sec 6(1) (f)).Accordingly Christian, Hindu or civil marriages are monogamous (Sec 6(2). Islamic and customary marriages on the other hand are potentially polygamous (Sec 6(3)" (37). "The Constitution of Kenya in Article 45(4) permits polygamy. It mandates Parliament with the task of enacting legislation that recognizes marriages...more
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"A process for the preparation of a draft personal status code was launched in 2005. The draft legislation is intended to put an end to legal pluralism and regulate family relations. It is an important step towards the establishment of a legal culture favourable to gender equality" (pg 7).
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The Committee remains concerned about…the maintenance of polygamy" (17).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"A man can have up to four wives, on condition that he provides them with fair and equal treatment, upkeep and living conditions. He may not house them all under the same roof unless they agree. A wife does have the right to stipulate in the marriage contract that her husband may not marry anyone else and that if he does, the marriage contract may be annulled at her request without prejudice to any of her marital rights. The first wife must be informed that the husband intends to marry a second wife prior to concluding that second marriage contract, and the second wife must be informed that he is...more
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the submission of the draft revised Personal and Family Code to the Council of Ministers and that this draft harmonizes the age of marriage at 18 years for both men and women. It is, however, concerned about the lack of information as to whether all discriminatory provisions have been recommended for repeal in the draft, including [...] Articles 257-262, permitting polygamy," (13).
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The continued application of discriminatory provisions contained in the Personal Status Act, in particular the permissibility of polygamy, the requirement for a woman to obtain her guardian’s permission to marry, notwithstanding her consent, and the restrictions on women’s freedom of movement and right to work and to divorce" (Pg 16).
Jan. 24, 2018, 6:22 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1

“Its code of personal status, adopted in 1956, allows divorce and outlaws polygamy” (p 3)
Jan. 15, 2018, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"If approved, the amendments will affect marriage inside the civil court that provides legal protection for women from polygamy and different forms of abuse" (para 3).
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Polygamy for Muslim men in Iraq is legal under a 1959 law, as long as a judge’s permission is given, a husband is found to be “financially capable,” and there are “legitimate reasons” for taking another spouse, such as a first wife who is unable to bear children" (para 5).
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"It is worth noting that polygamy is only mentioned twice in the report, as one of the negative effects of the media. Similarly, religious marriage — which is not legal in Turkey, yet quite common particularly for underage and polygamy settings — is mentioned only once" (para 7) (Coder comment: though religious marriage is not legal, it is common and practiced for polygamous marriages - ARR).
Dec. 2, 2017, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"While polygamy is already banned in Germany, many officials 'turn a blind eye' to migrants who arrive in the country with more than one wife, the newspaper reports" (para 4).
Nov. 30, 2017, 4:53 p.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"[Rokia] was [her father's friend's] third wife" (para 4).
Nov. 27, 2017, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: PW-LAW-1, POLY-LAW-1

"Legal permits for polygamy cause difficulties in women’s financial lives, as the husband’s finances are divided between them, including his assets after his death" (para 10).
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Russia

"He [Chechnya’s dictator Ramzan Kadyrov] advocates polygamy as the solution when women run foul of traditional law, saying it is 'better to be a second or third wife than to be killed'. Though he officially bans under-age marriage and bridal abduction, cases of local security servicemen forcing very young girls into marriages, and as second or de facto temporary wives have been reported"(para 16)
June 21, 2017, 11:58 a.m.
Countries: Bahamas
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-2, PW-LAW-1

"Under paragraph 2, the foreign party may be denied registration for citizenship if there is satisfactory evidence of the following:...The foreign party was convicted in another country of an indictable criminal offence involving 'moral turpitude.' Bigamy and polygamy would qualify" (para 12, 16). This indicates that polygyny and bigamous living situations are not legal in the Bahamas (MLFD - CODER COMMENT)