The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for PW-LAW-1

Feb. 11, 2019, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Although prohibited by statutory law, polygamy is authorised and widely practiced under customary and Islamic" (11)
Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1

"Additionally, if marriage certificates of Muslim couples do not specify the type of marriage, judges presume the marriage to be polygynous" (page 22).
Feb. 6, 2019, 7:33 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-2, PW-LAW-1

"Although the civil legal code does not recognize polygamy, a small minority practiced it under customary law" (Pg 19).
Feb. 6, 2019, 2:48 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-2, PW-LAW-1

"While the law prohibits polygamy, traditional and religious customs permit men to have more than one wife" (Pg 17).
Feb. 6, 2019, 6:38 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"In 2011, the B.C. Supreme Court upheld the section of the Criminal Code that prohibits polygamy as constitutional and ruled that the harm against women and children from polygamy far outweighs concerns over protecting religious freedom" (para. 17). Polygamus marriages are not recognized by the state. Nevertheless, some islamic marriage / nikah are not always registered with the authorities in order to not be accused of breaking the law. (JSM - Coder comment). "(Polygyny) is an offence punishable in Canada with up to a maximum of five years in prison" (para. 38).
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the lack of progress in reforming the Personal Status Act and reiterates its concern about legal provisions that discriminate against women and girls in relation to marriage and family relations, including: The permissibility of polygamy for Muslim men" (pg. 13).
Jan. 26, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"South Korea does not permit bigamy, but while it banned its citizens from contacting North Koreans during the cold war, it provided legal protection for a second marriage in the South" (para 5)
Jan. 25, 2019, 9:57 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The Committee also welcomes the adoption of government resolution No. 2345 to establish an interministerial committee mandated to develop a strategic plan to eliminate polygamy" (pg. 8).
Jan. 8, 2019, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"She said, 'When a man marries under the customary law, there is a potential that he may marry other wives but even when a man marries under the Marriage Act, some wives have found out that they have to share their husbands with other customary wives or even concubines. Though the marriage is under the Marriage Act, the reality is that some people will show up sometime before death or the man may decide to leave the woman in the dark until death occurs. The reality now is that polygamy is prevalent in our society'" (Para 39).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Article 4 of the Family Law in 2008 provides that women and men at the age of maturity must follow the principle of monogamy. The Government does not allow women and men to have more than one husband or wife, meaning that polygamy is outlawed in the Lao PDR. Article 17 provides that the invalid marriages are those that break the rule of one husband-one wife as defined in Article 4" (Pg 37).
Jan. 4, 2019, 10:06 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"In March 2016, the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) recommended that Kenya , '[r]epeal all provisions in family laws, including the Marriage Act (2014), that discriminate against women and have a negative impact on their children, such as those that authorize polygamy'" (para 39).
Dec. 19, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The first president of independent Tunisia, Habib Bourguiba, championed a landmark social code in 1956 that set a standard for the region by banning polygamy and granting new rights to women unheard of in the Arab world at the time. But even he didn't dare push for equal inheritance" (para 12).
Nov. 3, 2018, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Other Harmful Traditional Practices: On August 20, Haaretz reported that the justice minister and the attorney general announced that 'steps will be taken to enforce the law against polygamy,' working collaboratively with social service providers" (para 146)
Nov. 2, 2018, 8:39 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: PW-LAW-1

“Dans le but de favoriser le plein épanouissement des époux, de lutter contre les entraves socio-économiques et les conceptions féodales, la monogamie est consacrée la forme de droit commun du mariage. Toutefois, la polygamie est admise dans certaines conditions” (24). Translation: In order to foster the full development of the spouses, fight against the socioeconomic impediments and the feudal conceptions, monogamy is regarded as the common matrimonial regime. However, polygamy is admissible under certain conditions (LAR – CODER COMMENT)
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1, POLY-LAW-3

"The law requires a woman’s approval of a polygynous union, but once in such a union, a woman needed neither to be notified nor to give prior consent if the man took another wife" (page 16).
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The law permits a man to have as many as four wives and an unlimited number of 'temporary wives' (sigheh), based on a Shia custom under which a woman may become the time-limited wife of a man after a religious ceremony and a civil contract outlining the union’s conditions" (para 156)
Oct. 17, 2018, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, PW-LAW-1

"Under personal status laws that apply to Muslims, men can have four wives, while women cannot marry without a male guardian’s permission, unless they have previously married, or else they obtain court approval to marry without a male guardian’s permission or against their guardian’s wishes" (para 42).
Oct. 3, 2018, 12:53 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"(Tunisia) is governed by the Code of Personal Status and other legislation and texts stipulating the prohibition of polygamy" (para. 14). "The Tunisian Code of Personal Status prohibited polygamy and aimed for full gender equality; it was adopted in 1956 under Prime Minister Habib Bourguiba" (para. 22).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Under the new Civil Code of Eritrea bigamy is outlawed… Based on this exception bigamy (polygamy) was permitted for the followers of Islam. This approach has been abandoned and the NCCE does not contain such an exception." (7).
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The Personal Status Law regulates the terms and conditions under which a man may marry more than one woman. The law stipulates equitableness among wives in the event of multiple wives. There are no conditions that would lead to a wife’s loss of her financial rights if her husband marries another woman" (Pg 39). "The Personal Status Law, article 37, affirms a wife’s rights for which her husband is responsible, including maintenance. Her own property may not be encroached upon, and she is free to dispose of and enjoy it. She may retain her surname. She may not be harmed physically or psychologically. Article 59 of the aforesaid law states...more
Sept. 13, 2018, 7:46 a.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Muslim men in Malaysia can marry four wives" (para. 3).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The law on the mainland allows men to marry multiple wives in certain circumstances but does not allow women to have multiple husbands" (23-24).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The law permits a man to have as many as four wives" (22).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Although the law generally prohibits polygamy, there are exceptions if the wife is infertile, sick, or crippled...Polygamists not covered under the above exceptions are subject to a oneto two-year prison term and a fine, but the second marriage is not invalidated" (27). "The law encourages bigamy by allowing men to remarry without divorcing if the first wife is incapacitated or infertile" (31).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The family code places the family under the joint responsibility of both spouses, makes divorce available by mutual consent, and places legal limits on polygamy" (29). It is unclear what the legal limits on polygamy actually entail (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The Committee is deeply concerned that the progressive provisions on women’s rights included in the preliminary draft of the revised Personal and Family Code were lost during the second reading in the National Assembly as a result of pressure from conservative and religious groups, resulting in the 2011 Code, which contains many discriminatory provisions, including: . . . polygamy (art. 307)" (page 13).
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1, PW-LAW-1

"In May and August 2015, the State party adopted the Buddhist Women Special Law, the Population Control and Health-Care Law, the Religious Conversion Law and the Monogamy Law, which discriminate against women and have a negative impact on the enjoyment of their rights under the Convention" (page 4) (Coder comment: the Monogamy Law prohibits polygyny as well as extramarital affairs - ARR).
Aug. 20, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines

"The contradictions between the provisions of the Magna Carta of Women and those of the Code of Muslim Personal Laws and customary laws applicable to Muslim and indigenous communities, which provide for unequal relations between husband and wife, including harmful practices such as polygamy and child and forced marriage, as well as unequal practices with respect to inheritance" (page 15).
Aug. 17, 2018, 4:11 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Muslims in Malaysia are allowed four wives."
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The Criminal Code of Turkmenistan (revised on 10 May 2010) has made polygamy a crime" (44).