The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for PW-PRACTICE-3

June 12, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3

"The practice continued of taking a 'fifth wife,' or 'wahaya,' in which girls and women are sold into physical or sexual slavery. Polygamy is legal and widespread" (Pg 17).
May 30, 2019, 11:13 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Polygamy is practiced in some parts of the country" (26).
May 14, 2019, 3:25 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"The economic problems are compounded in Niger because polygamy is so common. Men in the mostly Muslim nation can have up to four wives" (para 43).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-DATA-1

"In some parts of the North Caucasus, women continued to face bride kidnapping, polygamy, forced marriage (including child marriage), legal discrimination, and enforced adherence to Islamic dress codes" (47).
March 18, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

In this story about a woman named Khadija, it was noted that her husband wished to take a widow as his second wife. Polygyny is thus practiced in Afghanistan. However, Khadija noted that levirate marriage is practiced; that is, the brother of the widow's dead husband has the right and obligation to marry her, and since this widow has 10 brothers-in-law, it would be impossible for her husband to take the widow as his second wife.
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Government awareness programs encouraged women to obtain a contractual agreement at the time of marriage stipulating the marriage will end if the husband marries a second wife. This practice was common in Moor (Arab) society. Women who did not establish a solid contract remained unprotected. Moreover, government authorities did not always respect either the validity of such prenuptial agreements or the right to establish them. Polygyny continued to be relatively unusual among Moors, although its popularity has grown. The practice was more common among sub-Saharan ethnic groups" (page 19).
Feb. 26, 2019, 6:28 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"The practice is defended as a religious right and explained as equivalent to a common-law relationship. A religious right- it was intended as a protection for women in patriarchal societies with tribal customs" (para.3). "Women are not coming forward for fear and the stigma and humiliation they face. Some are coerced and forced with emotional and physical abuse. Some are financially dependent and do not understand their family law rights. Some are forced to sign contracts to accept this under fear of divorce, losing their children- especially their sons and financial support. Others are threatened to keep quiet and do so out of fear for their safety" (para. 9).more
Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1

"Additionally, if marriage certificates of Muslim couples do not specify the type of marriage, judges presume the marriage to be polygynous" (page 22).
Feb. 6, 2019, 6:38 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"In Canada, it's not allowed and 95 or 99 per cent of (muslim) women don't agree with this" (para. 21).
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is particularly concerned about the right assigned to men to marry up to four wives simultaneously and without the consent or the knowledge of his first wife or wives" (pg. 4).
Jan. 25, 2019, 9:57 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, POLY-LAW-2

"Polygamy and bigamy persist and are legitimized under religious laws governing personal status, including the possibility of retroactive annulation of a divorce even when the former spouses have remarried, which has negative consequences for women" (pg. 17).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-DATA-1

"In 2014 the NGO Flying Broom estimated that, based on police data, one-third of all marriages involved girls under age 18 and that one-third of those marriages involved marriages as second wives" (page 60).
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1, POLY-LAW-3

"The law requires a woman’s approval of a polygynous union, but once in such a union, a woman needed neither to be notified nor to give prior consent if the man took another wife" (page 16).
Oct. 5, 2018, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"The bedouin asked him for a serious conversation. We sat on the sand next to his home…where he lives with his two wives and three children" (para 18-19).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Although the law generally prohibits polygamy, there are exceptions if the wife is infertile, sick, or crippled" (27).
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee expresses concern that harmful practices, such as child and forced marriage, polygamy, female genital mutilation and other forms of excision, humiliating and degrading widowhood practices, force-feeding, levirate and sororate, remain prevalent and unpunished in the State party" (page 6).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee...remains concerned, however, about the persistence of...harmful practices, such as...polygamy" (5)
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is furthermore concerned about: . . . (c) Forced marriages of refugee women and girls to Syrian and Turkish men, often in polygamous marriages, for socioeconomic reasons or protection purposes" (page 3-4). "The Committee notes with concern: (a) That the recent Constitutional Court judgment which, in effect, decriminalizes a religious marriage that was not preceded by a civil marriage, may provoke an increase in the number of polygamous and child marriages and may constitute a significant risk for women, given that unregistered religious marriages leave them with no economic protection guaranteed by civil law" (page 16).
June 6, 2018, 7:20 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1

"Speaking in Eastleigh, Nairobi during the Firi Festival, Duale was responding to polygamy calls by Kiambu women representative Gathoni wa Muchomba. Firi Festival is a one day cultural festival and business expo organised by the area’s business community meant to celebrate the cultural diversity of the area. 'A while back the lady from Kiambu told men of the Gikuyu community to have more than one wife, but we as the Islam community have the religious go ahead so we should marry four or more wives and have many children', Duale said" (Para 7-8).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"In some parts of the North Caucasus, women continued to face bride kidnapping, polygamy, forced marriage (including child marriage), legal discrimination, and enforced adherence to Islamic dress codes," (54).
June 1, 2018, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"polygamy is not prohibited, that there is no minimum age of marriage recognized under the Muslim Personal Law, and that Tamil women need their husband’s consent to appear in court or undertake any transaction" (9).
May 29, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"polygamy is not prohibited, that there is no minimum age of marriage recognized under the Muslim Personal Law, and that Tamil women need their husband’s consent to appear in court or undertake any transaction" (9).
April 23, 2018, 5:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Previous attempts in the country to promote a polygamous lifestyle – which some Muslim men regard as a sign of virtue – have met fierce opposition. In 2003, for example, protesters gathered to disrupt a 'Polygamy Awards' ceremony organised by Puspo Wardoyo, a well-known pro-polygamy activist, to honour men who had taken more than one wife. The uproar, with protesters waving 'Monogamy Yes, Polygamy No' placards, prevented the ceremony from being held again. In 2006, well-known cleric and businessman Abdullah Gymnastiar faced a public outcry after taking a second wife. His once loyal followers boycotted his television shows and businesses. He quickly lost his television contracts, and some of his...more
March 30, 2018, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to address stereotypes and harmful practices by, among other things, issuing circulars banning certain practices that perpetuate discriminatory gender stereotypes. The Committee is, however, concerned at the persistence of adverse cultural practices and traditions, as well as patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family, which are perpetuated by secret tribal societies such as the Sande and the Poro. The Committee notes that such stereotypes contribute to the increase in child and/or forced marriage, the abduction of girls and polygamy" (6).
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1, IW-PRACTICE-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1, DMW-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is concerned at the persistence of harmful practices, as well as discriminatory stereotypes and deep-rooted patriarchal attitudes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society. The Committee is particularly concerned at the lack of data on the extent of harmful practices such as widow inheritance, sexual initiation practices and polygamy. The Committee recalls its previous concluding observations (CEDAW/C/NAM/CO/3, paras. 16 and 17) and notes that the State party has not yet conducted a study on the extent of and prevalence of traditional harmful practices and on the impact of the implementation of the Traditional Authorities Act (No. 25 of 2000) and...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1, WAM-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, POLY-LAW-1

"The Committee is deeply concerned about the persistence of patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society. It also remains concerned about the very high prevalence of harmful practices, in particular female genital mutilation, child marriage, polygamy and levirate, and the fact that they are not prohibited by law. The Committee urges the State party: (a) To adopt legal provisions explicitly prohibiting harmful practices, such as polygamy, child marriage, female genital mutilation, levirate and unequal inheritance rights for women, provide for adequate sanctions and ensure the effective implementation of the provisions; (b) To expeditiously adopt a comprehensive strategy...more
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: CIWM-PRACTICE-1, UVAW-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of Law No. 99-05 of 29 January 1999 criminalizing female genital mutilation and of a second national action plan to accelerate the elimination female genital mutilation (2010-2015), as well as the measures taken to raise public awareness of harmful practices. It is concerned, however, at the persistence of adverse cultural norms, practices and traditions as well as patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles, responsibilities and identities of women and men in the family and society. It notes that stereotypes contribute to the persistence of violence against women as well as harmful practices, including female genital mutilation, levirate and sororate, child marriage, polygamy, repudiation,...more
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"It is, however, concerned at the persistence of deeply rooted gender stereotypes, in addition to practices that are harmful to women, such as female genital mutilation, forced marriages, child marriages, polygamy" (7).
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: DLB-DATA-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3

The Committee is concerned at the persistence of adverse cultural practices and traditions and patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society, especially those portraying women as caregivers. The Committee notes that such stereotypes contribute to an increase in the practices of child and/or forced marriage, abduction of girls and polygamy and hence to the disadvantaged and unequal status of women in society. The Committee urges the State party: (a) To intensify media and other efforts to educate the public and raise awareness about existing sex-based stereotypes that persist at all levels of society, with a view to...more
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"The Marriage Act however not only recognizes polygamous marriages but also allows the man to marry another wife without the first one’s consent" (9).