The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for PW-PRACTICE-3

Oct. 22, 2019, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-7, MARR-PRACTICE-8, WR-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3

"Although not widespread, levirate marriage, the practice by which a man is required to marry his brother’s widow, occurred" (20).
Sept. 24, 2019, 9:15 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5, PW-PRACTICE-3

"Marriages in Papua New Guinea commonly involve a 'bride price' of money or chattel paid to the wives’ families by the husbands’ families, who use the bride price as debt to compel women to remain in abusive or servile marriages (...) Young girls sold into polygamous marriages may be forced into domestic service for their husbands’ extended families or exploited in sex trafficking" (382).
Aug. 3, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, POLY-LAW-1

"Customary marriages in most communities are potentially polygamous and not registered. These marriages are regulated primarily by unwritten customary laws that differ from community to community. For example, in Herero communities, civil marriages are usually technically in community of property, while husband and wife have separate movable property in terms of customary law. It is not uncommon, in regions other than the Caprivi, for a couple to marry in terms of both civil and customary law and to rely upon different legal and social norms, depending on the situation at hand. It also occurs that a man is married under civil law to one wife and is cohabiting with a...more
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1

"The acceptance of polygamy and repudiation under customary law" (14).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"The Gender Equality Act adopted in 2006--along with more than 60 other laws-- contain discriminatory provisions. For example, the law on property rights favors men in land tenancy and the division of family property. The law encourages bigamy by allowing men to remarry without divorcing if the first wife is incapacitated or infertile. The constitution, however, confers rights for women that had not previously received legal protection, including rights equal to those of their spouses in property and family affairs, and special opportunities in education, health, and social security" (Pg 28).
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Polygyny was practiced" (Pg 12).
July 3, 2019, 12:27 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3

"The 2004 Council of Ulema fatwa prohibiting Hanafi Sunni women--constituting the vast majority of the female population--from praying in mosques remained in effect. Religious ceremonies also made polygyny possible, despite the illegality of the practice. NGOs estimated that up to 10 percent of men practiced polygyny. Many of these polygynous marriages involved underage brides. Unofficial second and third marriages were increasingly common, with neither the wives nor their children having legal standing or rights" (Pg 21-22).
June 25, 2019, 7:13 a.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"In rural areas polygyny was widespread" (Pg 20).
June 21, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Religious ceremonies also made polygyny possible, despite the illegality of the practice. Many of these polygynous marriages involved underage brides. Unofficial second and third marriages were increasingly common, with neither the wives nor their children having legal standing or rights" (p. 23).
June 12, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3

"The practice continued of taking a 'fifth wife,' or 'wahaya,' in which girls and women are sold into physical or sexual slavery. Polygamy is legal and widespread" (Pg 17).
May 30, 2019, 11:13 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Polygamy is practiced in some parts of the country" (26).
May 14, 2019, 3:25 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"The economic problems are compounded in Niger because polygamy is so common. Men in the mostly Muslim nation can have up to four wives" (para 43).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-DATA-1

"In some parts of the North Caucasus, women continued to face bride kidnapping, polygamy, forced marriage (including child marriage), legal discrimination, and enforced adherence to Islamic dress codes" (47).
March 18, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

In this story about a woman named Khadija, it was noted that her husband wished to take a widow as his second wife. Polygyny is thus practiced in Afghanistan. However, Khadija noted that levirate marriage is practiced; that is, the brother of the widow's dead husband has the right and obligation to marry her, and since this widow has 10 brothers-in-law, it would be impossible for her husband to take the widow as his second wife.
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Government awareness programs encouraged women to obtain a contractual agreement at the time of marriage stipulating the marriage will end if the husband marries a second wife. This practice was common in Moor (Arab) society. Women who did not establish a solid contract remained unprotected. Moreover, government authorities did not always respect either the validity of such prenuptial agreements or the right to establish them. Polygyny continued to be relatively unusual among Moors, although its popularity has grown. The practice was more common among sub-Saharan ethnic groups" (page 19).
Feb. 26, 2019, 6:28 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"The practice is defended as a religious right and explained as equivalent to a common-law relationship. A religious right- it was intended as a protection for women in patriarchal societies with tribal customs" (para.3). "Women are not coming forward for fear and the stigma and humiliation they face. Some are coerced and forced with emotional and physical abuse. Some are financially dependent and do not understand their family law rights. Some are forced to sign contracts to accept this under fear of divorce, losing their children- especially their sons and financial support. Others are threatened to keep quiet and do so out of fear for their safety" (para. 9).more
Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1

"Additionally, if marriage certificates of Muslim couples do not specify the type of marriage, judges presume the marriage to be polygynous" (page 22).
Feb. 6, 2019, 6:38 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"In Canada, it's not allowed and 95 or 99 per cent of (muslim) women don't agree with this" (para. 21).
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is particularly concerned about the right assigned to men to marry up to four wives simultaneously and without the consent or the knowledge of his first wife or wives" (pg. 4).
Jan. 25, 2019, 9:57 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, POLY-LAW-2

"Polygamy and bigamy persist and are legitimized under religious laws governing personal status, including the possibility of retroactive annulation of a divorce even when the former spouses have remarried, which has negative consequences for women" (pg. 17).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-DATA-1

"In 2014 the NGO Flying Broom estimated that, based on police data, one-third of all marriages involved girls under age 18 and that one-third of those marriages involved marriages as second wives" (page 60).
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1, POLY-LAW-3

"The law requires a woman’s approval of a polygynous union, but once in such a union, a woman needed neither to be notified nor to give prior consent if the man took another wife" (page 16).
Oct. 5, 2018, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"The bedouin asked him for a serious conversation. We sat on the sand next to his home…where he lives with his two wives and three children" (para 18-19).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Although the law generally prohibits polygamy, there are exceptions if the wife is infertile, sick, or crippled" (27).
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee expresses concern that harmful practices, such as child and forced marriage, polygamy, female genital mutilation and other forms of excision, humiliating and degrading widowhood practices, force-feeding, levirate and sororate, remain prevalent and unpunished in the State party" (page 6).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee...remains concerned, however, about the persistence of...harmful practices, such as...polygamy" (5)
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is furthermore concerned about: . . . (c) Forced marriages of refugee women and girls to Syrian and Turkish men, often in polygamous marriages, for socioeconomic reasons or protection purposes" (page 3-4). "The Committee notes with concern: (a) That the recent Constitutional Court judgment which, in effect, decriminalizes a religious marriage that was not preceded by a civil marriage, may provoke an increase in the number of polygamous and child marriages and may constitute a significant risk for women, given that unregistered religious marriages leave them with no economic protection guaranteed by civil law" (page 16).
June 6, 2018, 7:20 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1

"Speaking in Eastleigh, Nairobi during the Firi Festival, Duale was responding to polygamy calls by Kiambu women representative Gathoni wa Muchomba. Firi Festival is a one day cultural festival and business expo organised by the area’s business community meant to celebrate the cultural diversity of the area. 'A while back the lady from Kiambu told men of the Gikuyu community to have more than one wife, but we as the Islam community have the religious go ahead so we should marry four or more wives and have many children', Duale said" (Para 7-8).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"In some parts of the North Caucasus, women continued to face bride kidnapping, polygamy, forced marriage (including child marriage), legal discrimination, and enforced adherence to Islamic dress codes," (54).
June 1, 2018, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"polygamy is not prohibited, that there is no minimum age of marriage recognized under the Muslim Personal Law, and that Tamil women need their husband’s consent to appear in court or undertake any transaction" (9).