The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for PW-PRACTICE-3

Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"The prevalence of polygynous marriages declines with increasing wealth among both women and men. Nine percent of women in the lowest wealth quintile report having a co-wife compared with 3% of those in the highest wealth quintile. Among men, the proportion who report having more than one wife is 6% for men in the lowest wealth quintile and 2% for men in the highest wealth quintile" (55).
Dec. 28, 2017, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Martha Nyanadong, 17, was married off in February so that her father could get enough cattle to wed his dead brother’s spouse, making her his fourth wife" (para 24).
Dec. 14, 2017, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

At 7:42 Brishti says "With my wedding, nothing happened traditionally. When we went to their house after seven days, the neighbor told us that the guy was already married. But it was too late to do anything"(ENB-Coder Comment). Just previous to this quote Brishti explains that her father got her married in a hurry and didn't ask many questions (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Polygamy for Muslim men in Iraq is legal under a 1959 law, as long as a judge’s permission is given, a husband is found to be 'financially capable,' and there are 'legitimate reasons' for taking another spouse, such as a first wife who is unable to bear children" (para 5).
Dec. 2, 2017, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"There has been increased concern over polygamous marriages in the wake of a rise in the number of migrants arriving in Germany, many from Muslim countries" (para 3). "While polygamy is already banned in Germany, many officials 'turn a blind eye' to migrants who arrive in the country with more than one wife, the newspaper reports" (para 4).
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4, MARR-DATA-2, PW-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1, PW-DATA-1

"He [Chechnya’s dictator Ramzan Kadyrov] advocates polygamy as the solution when women run foul of traditional law, saying it is 'better to be a second or third wife than to be killed'. Though he officially bans under-age marriage and bridal abduction, cases of local security servicemen forcing very young girls into marriages, and as second or de facto temporary wives have been reported"(para 16)
Oct. 23, 2017, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"A group of marriage officials in Saudi Arabia have formed a group on WhatsApp to matchmake men with multiple wives in an attempt to deal with the 'problem' of a rising number of divorced women, widows, and spinsters in the country" (para 1). "About 900 women, including divorcees, widows and women who had never married before, put their names forward saying they would not mind being a second, third or a fourth wife. As well as Saudi women, potential brides on the database came from Yemen, Morocco, Syria, Palestine, Egypt, Nigeria, Bangladesh, China, and Pakistan. According to the list, the oldest of the women was 55 years old and the ...more
Oct. 4, 2017, 7:02 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Infertility or childlessness in Afghan society is considered a taboo and almost always women are blamed for it. In fact, often people only take the woman to the doctor when problems with infertility arise. Sometimes, men marry a second or third wife to get children, without checking their own health, because it is assumed that the problem must be with the woman"(para 6)."She had to beg her husband to get himself tested because Afghan men firmly believe that it is always the woman with fertility problems. In Afghanistan, when a man has reproductive system issues, the family will do anything to sweep the story under the rug. But, when a ...more
Sept. 22, 2017, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"On polygamy, the board had said in September last year, 'Quran, Hadith and the consensus view allow Muslim men to have up to four wives.' It had said Islam permitted polygamy but did not encourage it. 'However, polygamy meets social and moral needs and the provision for it stems from concern and sympathy for women,' it had said. 'Since polygamy is endorsed by primary Islamic sources, it cannot be dubbed as something prohibited,' it said. '...polygamy is not for gratifying men's lust, it is a social need'" (7-8).
Sept. 1, 2017, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

“‘Since 2004 in Morocco, a man is not supposed to repudiate and divorce his wife and take another spouse without her unforced permission. But the reality is most women don’t know they have these rights or can’t exercise them,’ says Zioual” (para 21). “Women in regional areas like the Atlas Mountains are educated about their legal rights when it comes to marriage and divorce — and the importance of obtaining official papers when they wed, to avoid being thrown out later by a husband taking the ‘back door’ to polygamy or marriage with an underage girl. ‘We have a problem in the family legal code which indirectly encourages men to ...more
June 20, 2017, 4:26 p.m.
Countries: Ghana, Togo
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-DATA-1

"In Ghana and Togo, for example, a decline has taken place in the percentage of young women in polygynous unions. Such unions are typically characterized by a large age gap between spouses, with women marrying young and men delaying marriage until they are able to acquire bridewealth. Thus it is not surprising to observe a decline in early marriage among women in the two countries, but virtually no change or even a slight increase in marriage among men" (144)
June 19, 2017, 3:33 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3

"In one study of and by Sudanese women, the researchers concluded: Women do not like polygamy but cannot do anything about it. Divorce is the de facto right of men in the Sudan, whatever the behaviour of the husband. Only one of the respondents tried to gain a divorce from her husband and she could not make the legal system work in her favour and so gave up. Men can and do divorce women when they want too, although this was comparatively rare among our interviewees. The fact that men can take another wife or divorce their existing wife is a source of insecurity and anxiety for women and helps ...more
June 19, 2017, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"In Sudan, the government encouraged polygyny in 2001 to increase the population" (para 79)
June 19, 2017, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"State practice indicates that a complete legal prohibition of polygyny is the norm in most domestic systems including all of the Americas, Europe, countries of the former Soviet Union, Nepal, Vietnam, China, Turkey, Tunisia, and Côte d’Ivoire, amongst others" (2)
June 16, 2017, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Many men, here, believe that it is their religious right to marry more than one despite their wives feelings. What some do –many of them- is marry a second wife in secret. The whole thing goes on for months or even years. Some men dare to take money from their first wives to pay the expenses to marry the second one. Build a new house under their names, dowry, wedding expenses.. etc. Once the scandal is out, then the woman either tries to divorce the husband or lives with him for her kids’ sake. Why do men marry more than one? Well… because they want to" (para 3-4)more
June 15, 2017, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Iran, Turkey, Uganda
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3

"In countries as diverse as Turkey, Iran and Uganda, anti-polygamy campaigners are struggling to stamp out the practice, whether legally sanctioned or traditionally approved" (para 10)
June 14, 2017, 5:19 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3

"Polygyny was practiced" (para 91)
June 14, 2017, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3

"Polygyny was practiced" (para 86)
June 14, 2017, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"It found that the majority of men in polygamous marriages had taken a second wife after their wife had been unable to bear a child, or, in particular, to have a boy" (para 4)
June 14, 2017, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Several variables contribute to the practice of polygamy among Turkish people. On reli-gious grounds the Koran permits men to have multiple wives (Jawad, 1991). A man maytake a second wife if the first wife is not fertile, if she is physically or mentally ill, or if shecannot meet the husband’s sexual needs. To enhance the status of his family and himself,the husband may select a new wife (or wives) to increase the number of his sons" (215)
June 13, 2017, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3

"Many of the men in Gokce...practice polygamy, which, although officially outlawed in 1926, endures throughout Turkey's impoverished and predominantly-rural southeast. In the past, the village's Arabic-speaking men used to hop across the border to find a second wife in Syria. But the arrival of the internet in the village has changed that. Since Yildirim opened his cafe two years ago, Gokce's men have started looking for wives online, where -- thanks to Turkey's growing clout and visibility in the Middle East -- Turkish bride surfers are suddenly seen as quite a catch by women in the region. 'Everyone's coming to the internet cafe now to find a wife,' said cafe-owner ...more
June 12, 2017, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

According to HRW, polygamy is socially acceptable in Chechnya. Ramzan Kadyrov encourages the Chechen population to practise polygamy. There are far fewer men than women in the population, and Kadyrov claims that polygamy solves this problem. Kadyrov holds the view that a man can have up to four wives. In particular, Kadyrov encourages members of the police and security forces to have several spouses. Polygamy is practised in both urban and rural areas. According to HRW, women who have the position of ‘second wife’ are very vulnerable. If they are expelled from the marriage, they have no rights due to the fact that the marriage was not registered. They have ...more
June 9, 2017, 6:21 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"The custom of a man having more than one wife, polygyny, has long been acceptable in Uganda. Some religious denominations allow polygny, while others oppose it; however, the practice is rapidly declining as more women attain higher educational levels" (11). "It should be noted that the relationship between polygyny and fertility is not straightforward. There is a tendency for women in polygynous unions to compete with co-wives in number of children, so as to have the largest share of family property. In this respect, the desire to have as many sons as possible is likely, and polygyny may be one of the factors which sustains high fertility. On the other ...more
June 8, 2017, 4:17 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-DATA-1

"Mr. Sheikha [Hashem Sheikha, founder of Wesal – a matchmaking site in Gaza], 33, a Palestinian born in Saudi Arabia, said the site has led to 160 weddings since it started in March, he said, and more than half the marriage requests involved men seeking a second or third wife (though not yet a fourth)" (p 10)
June 8, 2017, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"‘Our men fight wars and die. Women stay alive,’ said the site’s founder [the site: Wesal — it means communion or reunion in Arabic — a matchmaking website in Gaza], Hashem Sheikha. ‘This is why my project supports polygamy’" (p 9)
June 8, 2017, 3:17 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1

"The Customary Marriages Act (Chapter 5:07) allows men to have as many wives as they want, but does not accord the same privilege to women. Under this Act, a husband can sue for adultery but the wife cannot do the same" (para 44-45)
June 8, 2017, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1

"But such marriages are not that common any more with most couples preferring the monogamous marriages that fall under Chapter 5:11 of the Marriages Act. However, that has not stopped men from getting more women through unregistered unions. Wealthy men for instance will pay lobola, buy the women houses, cars and then have children. These women remain behind the scenes for years and the official widow will only know about their existence when the man dies" (para 22-25)
June 8, 2017, 2:25 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-DATA-1

"Polygamy is an institution that has survived many centuries and despite the campaigns to do away with this practice, it is still deeply rooted in Zimbabwe" (para 1)
June 8, 2017, 2:19 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3

"Traditionally, in Shona culture for example, a man could marry sisters with the eldest wife consenting to the new arrival" (para 21)
June 1, 2017, 7:52 a.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3

“The 1981 law on inheritance does not discriminate on the grounds of gender.[12] According to data gathered by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), while Afro-Trinidadian communities do not necessarily favour males over females, inheritance has traditionally been patrilineal among the country’s East Indian communities. This gap has shifted to a more egalitarian distribution in recent years. In terms of customary practices that affect inheritance rights for women, polygamy, for example, continues to be practiced in Trinidad and Tobago, despite being punishable by law” (para 4).