The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for RCDW-LAW-1

April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"The law provides that a woman who appears in public without appropriate attire, such as a cloth scarf veil ('hijab') over the head and a long jacket ('manteau'), or a large full-length cloth covering ('chador'), may be sentenced to flogging and fined. Absent a clear legal definition of “appropriate attire” or of the related punishment, women were subjected to the opinions of various disciplinary and security force members, police, and judges" (36).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Da’esh also beat persons because of their dress; several sources reported Da’esh members beat women for not covering their faces. Da’esh justified its use of corporal punishment, including amputations and lashings, under religious law" (para 99). "Da’esh imposed severe restrictions on women’s personal conduct, attire, and freedom of movement in the territory it controlled" (para 184). ""In areas under its control, Da’esh published a 'Civilization Document' with 16 points that a woman must follow or face the death penalty. They included staying at home and not leaving it without an immediate male relative (mahram); wearing a wide cloak, full face veil, and head scarf; closing hair salons; not sitting on...more
March 18, 2019, 7:25 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-LAW-1

"According to media reports, in June the city of Lorette prohibited women wearing veils from accessing the city’s municipal swimming pool by adding “headscarves” to the pool’s list of prohibited items. The rules require a woman to wear a onepiece or two-piece bathing suit to access the pool" (p. 23).
March 1, 2019, 11:10 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Sudan’s public order law allows police officers to publicly whip women who are accused of public indecency. In 2015, there were multiple reports of individuals being arrested for ‘indecent dress,’ including twelve Christian female students wearing trousers; one of which was sentenced to twenty lashes" (para 5).
Feb. 25, 2019, 4:17 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Ali Motahari, the deputy speaker of Iran's parliament, demanded a nationwide vote on the hijab... The head scarf has been a mandatory dress requirement for women in Iran since the Islamic Revolution in 1979" (para. 2 - 3). "The Islamic dress code, in place since the 1979 revolution, considers veiling obligatory for any female above 13 in Iran and says they should cover themselves from head to toe while disavowing any figure-hugging dress. Breaking the rules can result in fines of up to 500,000 rials (£17) and up to two months in prison" (para. 17 - 18).
Feb. 4, 2019, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"UK Government is clear that discriminatory dress codes are unlawful, outdated and sexist, and cannot be tolerated in the workplace" (12).
Jan. 10, 2019, 6:43 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"In 2004, the French government passed a highly controversial law banning any overt religious symbols from schools, which critics interpreted as a ban on Muslim headscarves by another name. In 2010, the government passed another law, banning outright any face-covering garments from public spaces, arguing that these violate individual freedoms, especially of women" (para 27). "This summer, roughly 30 French towns banned the “burkini,” a swimsuit designed to allow Muslim women to enjoy the beach while observing traditional codes of modesty. Manuel Valls, now a Socialist Party candidate for the French presidency, called the burkini a “provocation” and an insult to France’s strict interpretation of secularism. French courts have since...more
Jan. 7, 2019, 9:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Under Iran's strict interpretation of Islam that's melded with government since 1979, women and girls over the age of 9 are required to cover their heads and everything but the face and hands. Offenders face fines or jail time" (para 19). "In late 2017, police said they would stop arresting people for dress code violations. But harassment of women by the 'morality police' continued" (para 23).
Jan. 2, 2019, 9:02 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Last week, Denmark voted to ban the niqab and burqa, becoming the fifth European country to pass such a law" (para 18).
Dec. 14, 2018, 8:25 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Algerian authorities has banned banned female public sector employees from wearing full-face veils, or niqabs, at work. Prime Minister Ahmed Ouayhia publicized the decision in a letter to ministers and regional governors in the Muslim-majority country last Thursday. Civil servants, he wrote, need to 'observe the rules and requirements of security and communication within their department.' He said public sector workers needed to be able to be 'physically identifiable' while in the workplace" (para 1-4).
Dec. 9, 2018, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Italy, Netherlands
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"The Netherlands and Italy also have partial burqa bans, though they are confined to specific towns, public places, or jobs" (para. 13).
Dec. 9, 2018, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"At least half of Germany's 16 states have bans on teachers and public servants wearing full-face veils" (para. 11).
Dec. 9, 2018, 6:35 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

"Denmark has voted to ban the niqab and burqa, becoming the fifth European country to pass such a law" (para. 1).
Oct. 28, 2018, 9 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Tajikistan continues beard and hijab-wearing bans, and has forced one couple to divorce. Police set up a roadblock to enforce the bans, which are also been enforced in schools and universities" (para 1). "Under repeated pressure from the authorities, a man in Tajikistan's northern Sogd Region divorced his wife in 2017 after seven years of marriage. Police had repeatedly summoned him, demanding that he stop his wife, a devout Muslim, from wearing the hijab. Under great pressure from police, the woman's husband kicked her out of their house and also began to publicly insult her" (para 2). "Hijab-wearing women have also been refused employment and medical care. Asked why, the...more
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"In October the government banned actress Sadaf Taherian from returning to the country after she posted photos on her social media account that showed her not wearing the 'hejab' (headscarf), which is mandatory in the country for all women appearing in public. Authorities briefly arrested an unnamed man for posting photos with members of the opposite sex who were not wearing the hejab on his social media account in November, according to multiple press reports" (para 92). "The law provides that a woman who appears in public without appropriate attire (hejab), such as a cloth scarf over the head and a long jacket, or a large full-length cloth called a...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Although they have no authority to implement laws based on sharia or religious considerations, local governments outside Aceh also enforced regulations mandating female modesty and Islamic dress for Muslim women. For instance, a 2009 local regulation in Tasikmalaya, West Java, mandates all Muslim women who have reached puberty to dress “according to the teachings of Islam'" (para 155)
Oct. 2, 2018, 11:38 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"A law banning face coverings while driving took effect in Germany last year, coming on the heels of legislation prohibiting anyone in the civil service, military or working for an election from covering their faces. Bavaria took the measure one step further, barring teachers and university professors from covering their faces" (para 27-28).
Oct. 2, 2018, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"In 2016, a string of beach towns went one step further, driven in part by a string of deadly terrorist attacks, and banned the burkini, a full-body swimsuit worn by some Muslim women" (para 23).
Oct. 2, 2018, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"In 2011, France became the first country in Western Europe to ban face-covering garments like the burqa or niqab in public, although the law did not explicitly mention Islam. The move made it illegal to cover one’s face in public places, including streets and stores, as a security measure. Those who break the law face fines of up to 150 euros" (para 21).
Oct. 2, 2018, 11:36 a.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Parliament approved a law to ban the wearing of full-face coverings in public, mostly seen as directed at the Islamic veil. And the immigration minister recently stirred controversy by suggesting that fasting Muslims were a danger to society" (para 14).
Oct. 2, 2018, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Bulgaria
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Bulgaria banned face-covering garments in government offices, schools and cultural institutions in 2016" (para 29).
Oct. 2, 2018, 11:32 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"A law that banned face-covering garments in public also went into effect in Belgium in 2011. Violators could be sentenced to seven days in prison and face a fine of 137.50 euros. The law was quickly challenged in court by two Muslim women who said it violated their right to privacy and freedom of religion. But in July, the European Court of Human Rights ruled against them. It said it agreed with Belgium’s argument that the law was meant to 'guarantee the conditions of ‘living together’ and the ‘protection of the rights and freedoms of others'" (para 24-26)
Oct. 2, 2018, 11:32 a.m.
Countries: Belgium, Denmark, France
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"The law, approved on Tuesday, puts the Netherlands, a country of about 17 million people, in company with France, Belgium, Denmark and other countries in Europe and North America that penalize Muslim women who either partly or fully cover their faces in public" (para 2).
Oct. 2, 2018, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"The Dutch parliament’s Upper House has approved a partial ban on face coverings in some public areas, a spokesman said, making the Netherlands the latest European nation to pass a law that directly affects the lives of Muslim women" (para 1). "The law, which was passed by the Upper House by a 43 to 32 vote, according to the body’s press officer, Gert Riphagen, on Wednesday, prohibits wearing face coverings at schools, government offices and hospitals. The rules about facial coverings also apply to people covering their faces with ski masks and full face helmets, he said, but they do not apply to the street" (para 6).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"On 28 June, 12 Christian women wearing trousers were arrested by police and were brought before the Public Order Court charged with being “indecently dressed”. Under Article 152 of the Criminal Act, they could be sentenced to flogging" (para 12)
Sept. 13, 2018, 8:11 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"A senior Saudi cleric said last month that women need not wear the abaya - the loose-fitting, full-length robe symbolic of religious faith - and another prominent sheik said that celebrating Valentine's Day did not contradict Islamic teachings, defying the religious police's hardline position" (para. 19). It shows the religious police demands the use of the abaya (JSM - coder comment).
Sept. 6, 2018, 9:14 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"A Corsican mayor has announced a ban on burkinis, becoming the third in France to do so" (para 1). "The burkini ban in Cannes was backed by a court on Saturday after two local Muslim associations took emergency legal action to have it repealed. The judge upheld the move, ruling that it was not disproportionate. The associations said they would appeal against the court decision and a human rights group will also challenge the ban" (para 15). "Near Cannes, the hardline mayor of Villeneuve-Loubet, Lionnel Luca, from Nicolas Sarkozy’s Les Républicains party, also banned the burkini, saying it was unhygienic to swim fully clothed" (para 16)
Aug. 2, 2018, 10:03 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Sheikh Abdullah al-Mutlaq, a member of the Council of Senior Scholars, said women should dress modestly, but this did not have to mean wearing the abaya.Saudi women are currently required to wear the garment by law" (para 2-3). "Women who do not wear the abaya in places where they may be seen by men who are not related to them face being chastised by the religious police" (para 10).
March 16, 2018, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-LAW-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1, EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"Under Erdogan, Turkey has lifted bans on Islamic-style headscarves that barred devout women from attending university, entering the civil service and serving in the military" (para 19).
Jan. 10, 2018, 5:14 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"...all Iranian women are obliged to cover themselves in public, even when traveling abroad" (para 4).