The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for RCDW-LAW-1

Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

"Compulsory 'veiling' (hijab) laws empower police and paramilitary forces to target women for harassment, violence and imprisonment regularly"(para 17)
Aug. 16, 2017, 9:46 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

"France’s highest administrative court on Friday overturned a town’s ban on burkinis, the full-body swimwear used by some Muslim women, setting a precedent that challenges similar bans in at least 30 other municipalities, most of them on the French Riviera"(para 1)."In its ruling, the court, known as the Council of State, found that the ban in the town of Villeneuve-Loubet violated civil liberties, including freedom of movement and religious freedom, and that officials had failed to show that the swimwear posed a threat to public order.The ruling also made clear that the bans in other municipalities could be similarly overturned, and the Socialist government seemed conflicted on how to respond"(para ...more
July 5, 2017, 5:46 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

¨LONDON — When Nicola Thorp reported to work awhile back as a temporary receptionist in the financial center here, she was shocked when her temp supervisor said her flat shoes were unacceptable. She would need to get herself shoes with heels at least two inches high.When she refused, she was sent home from the accounting firm PwC without pay. But that was not the end of it. Five months later, Ms. Thorp, an actress originally from the northern seaside city of Blackpool, started a petition calling for a law that would make sure no company could ever again demand that a woman wear heels to work¨(para 1-2).¨On Wednesday, more than ...more
Feb. 23, 2017, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-LAW-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1

"The proposal also calls for a beating if a woman does not wear a hijab, if she interacts with strangers, speaks too loudly or gives others cash without her husband's permission, according to the newspaper" (para 6).
Feb. 7, 2017, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Araujo reported that recently the Ministry of Education changed the uniform so that girls had to wear long skirts" (para 18).
Feb. 1, 2017, 3:40 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"The Lombardy government in Italy also approved bans in local hospitals and government buildings in 2015" (para 20).
Feb. 1, 2017, 3:40 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"In May 2015 the Netherlands passed a partial ban on face covering Islamic veils which bars women from wearing it in government buildings, schools, hospitals and on public transport" (para 17).
Feb. 1, 2017, 3:40 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"France became the first country in Europe to ban Islamic veils, such as the burka and the niqab, in public places in April 2011. Woman seen sporting the face veil can be fined while those who threaten a woman to wear the garb can be fined up to 30,000 Euros. In the wake of a number of terror attacks parts of France also banned the burkini-Islamic swimwear that covers women's bodies and faces-although some states over turned the ban saying it is unconstitutional" (para 13-15).
Feb. 1, 2017, 3:40 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"The Ticino region of Switzerland outlawed the veil in public places while a draft vote in the Swiss parliament this week saw politicians vote in favour, albeit by one vote, of a nationwide burqa ban. However the plans remain far from coming into force after a previous proposal for a ban on the face covering veils was voted down by state representatives at a commission in January" (para 18-19).
Feb. 1, 2017, 3:40 p.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"In July 2011 Belgium also outlawed the burqa and the niqab and those caught wearing the face veil in public pieces could be jailed for up to seven days and fined" (para 16).
Jan. 30, 2017, 6 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Nine Sudanese women have been sentenced to 40 lashes - each - all because they wore trousers. They're aged between 17 and 23 and are being tried under Sharia (or Islamic) law - even though they're Christians. And while wearing trousers is normal for Christian women in the country, it falls under 'indecent dress' for the Muslim population" (para 2).
Jan. 26, 2017, 8:30 p.m.
Countries: Bulgaria
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Bulgaria bans the burqa: Women no longer allowed to wear veils after nationalist party pushed for law change amid fears of Islamic terrorism. Bulgaria's parliament has approved a law banning women from wearing veils that cover their faces in public amid increasing fears over acts of Islamic terrorism in the country" (para 1-2). "The new law states that clothing that conceals the face may not be worn in the institutions of Bulgaria's central and local administrations, schools, cultural institutions, and places of public recreation, sports and communications" (para 5). "Women who violate the ban [on the burka] face fines of up to 770 euros (665 pounds), as well as a ...more
Jan. 24, 2017, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Prison conditions did not vary by gender, except that women of all religions were required to wear head coverings (hijab)" (2).
Dec. 29, 2016, 8:22 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Article 638 [of Iran’s Islamic Penal Code of 2013]. Women who appear in public without prescribed Islamic dress (hejab-e-shar’i), shall be sentenced to either imprisonment of between 10 days and 2 months, or a fine of between 50,000 and 500,000 rials" (para 4)
Dec. 27, 2016, 1:49 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Nine Sudanese women have been sentenced to 40 lashes – each – all because they wore trousers. They’re aged between 17 and 23 and are being tried under Sharia (or Islamic) law – even though they’re Christians. And while wearing trousers is normal for Christian women in the country, it falls under ‘indecent dress’ for the Muslim population" (1).
Dec. 10, 2016, 1:54 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Norway's right-wing government on Wednesday announced plans to ban the full-face Islamic veil from classrooms and university lecture halls. Education Minister Torbjorn Roe Isaksen, quoted in the Vart Land newspaper, said the government was seeking 'national regulations prohibiting the full-face veil in schools and universities'" (Para 1-2). "Roe Isaksen stressed that the ban would not apply to Islamic headscarves that leave the face exposed such as the hijab. People should be allowed to express their faith in public in Norway, he said" (Para 5). "The Norwegian move comes as several European countries have moved to ban the face-covering niqab and full-body burqa" (Para 8).
Dec. 6, 2016, 10:52 a.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"As part of the government’s policy and constitutional mandate to maintain Bhutanese culture, the law requires citizens to wear traditional Bhutanese dress in government facilities during daylight hours, but there are otherwise no public dress codes" (5).
Nov. 9, 2016, 6:19 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

"[The burqa is] enforced by the Taliban"(para 6). This is found in the infographic underneath the sixth paragraph (ENB-Coder Comment)
Nov. 9, 2016, 6:19 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

"The niqab has become a defining issue of the 2015 federal election, with the Conservatives in favour of limiting its use in certain public circumstances, and the NDP and Liberals coming out strongly against such restrictions"(para 1)."There are 8,495 Muslim women working in Canadian public administration positions. Stephen Harper’s musings about a ban on niqabs in the civil service would affect at best a small number of bureaucrats. Statistics from 2011 show only 1.8 per cent of 257,000 federal employees are Muslim women, and only a small subset of them is likely to wear face coverings"(para 3)."Bill 62, introduced by Quebec’s Liberal government in June, bans religious face-coverings such as ...more
Aug. 27, 2016, 12:18 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Nine Sudanese women have been sentenced to 40 lashes - each - all because they wore trousers. They're aged between 17 and 23 and are being tried under Sharia (or Islamic) law - even though they're Christians. And while wearing trousers is normal for Christian women in the country, it falls under 'indecent dress' for the Muslim population" (2-3).
Aug. 23, 2016, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Female cyclists have long been a subject of controversy in the country, where they risk being punished for flouting modesty laws imposing strict dress codes in public" (para 4). "It is illegal for women to go out in public without wearing headscarf or 'modest' clothing in the country, where thousands of undercover agents and morality police patrol the streets to check for violations" (para 8)
July 25, 2016, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Well, the simple reason is that I was an Iranian student studying abroad at the time when the Revolution happened and the veil became compulsory — something that we hadn’t imagined" (2).
May 19, 2016, 11 a.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of a national strategy to combat violence against women, the ongoing survey on violence against women and awareness-raising activities. The Committee nevertheless remains concerned about...the policy on 'indecent dressing', which may threaten women’s freedom to make personal choices and may expose them to abuse and violence in the course of its implementation" (5).
May 11, 2016, 10:58 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Fatwa violence is largely used against women who are accused of defying religious assumptions on sexuality. Punishments can include public lashing, forced veiling, shaving heads, or forcing the accused to walk through the village wearing a garland of shoes around the neck" (6).
April 5, 2016, 8:15 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"About 2,000 women in Bosnia have protested against a ban on wearing Islamic headscarves in courts and other legal institutions. The ban includes all religious symbols but explicitly mentions the hijab." (para 1-2). "Hijab-wearing was banned by the communist authorities while Bosnia was still part of the former Yugoslavia until 1992, when it declared independence. The protest came in response to a decision by Bosnia's high judicial council, which supervises the functioning of the judiciary, to ban "religious signs" in judicial institutions" (para 4-5).
March 1, 2016, 5:39 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"At the police station the women were charged with indecent dress under Article 152 of Sudan Penal Code, a law that human rights groups have criticized as vague. Public Order Police can decide what is indecent or immoral in a wide range of shifting standards under the law. Article 152 calls for flogging with at least 40 lashes, a fine or both. It prohibits dressing or behaving inappropriately in public place. The young women could also face other, yet unknown charges" (para 6-7)
March 1, 2016, 11:42 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Two Moroccan women accused of gross indecency for wearing short skirts in public have been acquitted of the charges, their lawyer has said"(para 1)."The women, aged 23 and 29, were arrested at a market in Inezgane, near the southern city of Agadir, in mid-June after they were heckled by merchants who accused them of wearing flimsy and immoral clothing. Soon afterwards they were charged with gross indecency, with the police report noting that both women were wearing clothes that were 'too tight'.Under Moroccan law, anyone found guilty of committing an act of public obscenity such as gross indecency faces up to two years in prison"(para 3-5)."Rallies in support of the ...more
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

"There are no dress code requirements in Ukraine, except when in the Ukrainian Orthodox Church or Greek Orthodox Church, which requires that their heads be covered (not their faces), and that they wear a long skirt to enter the building." (10)
Feb. 26, 2016, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

"Although Ayatollah Khomeini, the eventual leader of the Revolution and later the Islamic Republic, first denied that Islamic hijab would be compulsory, it eventually became mandatory and the penal Code prescribed a severe punishment (seventy lashes) for violating Islamic hijab. Flogging was later replaced by more lenient punishments: including imprisonment and fines. Article 683- 'Those women that appear in the streets and public places without the Islamic hijab, shall be sentenced from ten days to two months’ imprisonment or fined from fifty thousand to five hundred thousand Rials.' There is no similar rule for men in the Penal Code " (16)
Feb. 25, 2016, 6:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Tehran, Iran: A Tehran court has fined two women $260 for violating the Islamic dress code by not wearing their mandatory hijabs (headscarves) properly in the street, a judicial official was quoted as saying.'In recent days several cases have been filed in the court for bad hijabs and; in two of them, the accused were sentenced to pay 9 million rials ($260/232 euros) in cash,' reformist daily Arman quoted the official as saying.When in public, all women in Iran, even foreigners, are required to wear the loose scarf, which covers the hair and neck.But since the mid-1990s, there has been a gradual relaxation of the dress code despite continued campaigns ...more