The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for RCDW-LAW-1

Dec. 9, 2018, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Italy, Netherlands
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"The Netherlands and Italy also have partial burqa bans, though they are confined to specific towns, public places, or jobs" (para. 13).
Dec. 9, 2018, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"At least half of Germany's 16 states have bans on teachers and public servants wearing full-face veils" (para. 11).
Dec. 9, 2018, 6:35 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

"Denmark has voted to ban the niqab and burqa, becoming the fifth European country to pass such a law" (para. 1).
Oct. 28, 2018, 9 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Tajikistan continues beard and hijab-wearing bans, and has forced one couple to divorce. Police set up a roadblock to enforce the bans, which are also been enforced in schools and universities" (para 1). "Under repeated pressure from the authorities, a man in Tajikistan's northern Sogd Region divorced his wife in 2017 after seven years of marriage. Police had repeatedly summoned him, demanding that he stop his wife, a devout Muslim, from wearing the hijab. Under great pressure from police, the woman's husband kicked her out of their house and also began to publicly insult her" (para 2). "Hijab-wearing women have also been refused employment and medical care. Asked why, the...more
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"In October the government banned actress Sadaf Taherian from returning to the country after she posted photos on her social media account that showed her not wearing the 'hejab' (headscarf), which is mandatory in the country for all women appearing in public. Authorities briefly arrested an unnamed man for posting photos with members of the opposite sex who were not wearing the hejab on his social media account in November, according to multiple press reports" (para 92). "The law provides that a woman who appears in public without appropriate attire (hejab), such as a cloth scarf over the head and a long jacket, or a large full-length cloth called a...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Although they have no authority to implement laws based on sharia or religious considerations, local governments outside Aceh also enforced regulations mandating female modesty and Islamic dress for Muslim women. For instance, a 2009 local regulation in Tasikmalaya, West Java, mandates all Muslim women who have reached puberty to dress “according to the teachings of Islam'" (para 155)
Oct. 2, 2018, 11:38 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"A law banning face coverings while driving took effect in Germany last year, coming on the heels of legislation prohibiting anyone in the civil service, military or working for an election from covering their faces. Bavaria took the measure one step further, barring teachers and university professors from covering their faces" (para 27-28).
Oct. 2, 2018, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"In 2016, a string of beach towns went one step further, driven in part by a string of deadly terrorist attacks, and banned the burkini, a full-body swimsuit worn by some Muslim women" (para 23).
Oct. 2, 2018, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"In 2011, France became the first country in Western Europe to ban face-covering garments like the burqa or niqab in public, although the law did not explicitly mention Islam. The move made it illegal to cover one’s face in public places, including streets and stores, as a security measure. Those who break the law face fines of up to 150 euros" (para 21).
Oct. 2, 2018, 11:36 a.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Parliament approved a law to ban the wearing of full-face coverings in public, mostly seen as directed at the Islamic veil. And the immigration minister recently stirred controversy by suggesting that fasting Muslims were a danger to society" (para 14).
Oct. 2, 2018, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Bulgaria
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Bulgaria banned face-covering garments in government offices, schools and cultural institutions in 2016" (para 29).
Oct. 2, 2018, 11:32 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"A law that banned face-covering garments in public also went into effect in Belgium in 2011. Violators could be sentenced to seven days in prison and face a fine of 137.50 euros. The law was quickly challenged in court by two Muslim women who said it violated their right to privacy and freedom of religion. But in July, the European Court of Human Rights ruled against them. It said it agreed with Belgium’s argument that the law was meant to 'guarantee the conditions of ‘living together’ and the ‘protection of the rights and freedoms of others'" (para 24-26)
Oct. 2, 2018, 11:32 a.m.
Countries: Belgium, Denmark, France
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"The law, approved on Tuesday, puts the Netherlands, a country of about 17 million people, in company with France, Belgium, Denmark and other countries in Europe and North America that penalize Muslim women who either partly or fully cover their faces in public" (para 2).
Oct. 2, 2018, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"The Dutch parliament’s Upper House has approved a partial ban on face coverings in some public areas, a spokesman said, making the Netherlands the latest European nation to pass a law that directly affects the lives of Muslim women" (para 1). "The law, which was passed by the Upper House by a 43 to 32 vote, according to the body’s press officer, Gert Riphagen, on Wednesday, prohibits wearing face coverings at schools, government offices and hospitals. The rules about facial coverings also apply to people covering their faces with ski masks and full face helmets, he said, but they do not apply to the street" (para 6).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"On 28 June, 12 Christian women wearing trousers were arrested by police and were brought before the Public Order Court charged with being “indecently dressed”. Under Article 152 of the Criminal Act, they could be sentenced to flogging" (para 12)
Sept. 13, 2018, 8:11 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"A senior Saudi cleric said last month that women need not wear the abaya - the loose-fitting, full-length robe symbolic of religious faith - and another prominent sheik said that celebrating Valentine's Day did not contradict Islamic teachings, defying the religious police's hardline position" (para. 19). It shows the religious police demands the use of the abaya (JSM - coder comment).
Sept. 6, 2018, 9:14 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"A Corsican mayor has announced a ban on burkinis, becoming the third in France to do so" (para 1). "The burkini ban in Cannes was backed by a court on Saturday after two local Muslim associations took emergency legal action to have it repealed. The judge upheld the move, ruling that it was not disproportionate. The associations said they would appeal against the court decision and a human rights group will also challenge the ban" (para 15). "Near Cannes, the hardline mayor of Villeneuve-Loubet, Lionnel Luca, from Nicolas Sarkozy’s Les Républicains party, also banned the burkini, saying it was unhygienic to swim fully clothed" (para 16)
Aug. 2, 2018, 10:03 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Sheikh Abdullah al-Mutlaq, a member of the Council of Senior Scholars, said women should dress modestly, but this did not have to mean wearing the abaya.Saudi women are currently required to wear the garment by law" (para 2-3). "Women who do not wear the abaya in places where they may be seen by men who are not related to them face being chastised by the religious police" (para 10).
March 16, 2018, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-LAW-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1, EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"Under Erdogan, Turkey has lifted bans on Islamic-style headscarves that barred devout women from attending university, entering the civil service and serving in the military" (para 19).
Jan. 10, 2018, 5:14 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"...all Iranian women are obliged to cover themselves in public, even when traveling abroad" (para 4).
Jan. 10, 2018, 4:29 p.m.
Countries: Bulgaria
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Bulgaria banned on Friday face-covering Islamic veils in public" (para 1). "Parliament approved the law that 'bans wearing in public clothing that partially or completely covers the face', referring to the burqa or the more common niqab" (para 2).
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, ASR-PRACTICE-1, ASR-DATA-1, DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"In Egypt, it is common to prohibit veiled women from entering night clubs and pubs. Since last year, an increasing number of veiled women were reported to have been denied entry to restaurants as well. One of the cases that created a fuss was that of Heba Arnaout, a professor of microbiology in her 50s who has been veiled for many years. Going to a restaurant and bar in Cairo's upscale district of Zamalek late in December, she says she was asked to leave with her husband and foreign friends because she was wearing the hijab. They got a table after threatening to go to the police and file a...more
Dec. 20, 2017, 8:05 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Officials this Spring launched a massive renewed campaign against women wearing the Hijab (Islamic headscarf). Victims and human rights defenders complain that women have been questioned, threatened and fined, as have some husbands. Some have lost their jobs or been forced to leave school" (para 1). "Since late Spring, the authorities - particularaly in the capital Dushanbe and khujand, central city of the northern Sogd Region - have been carrying out a massive renewed campaign against women wearing the hijab (Islamic headscarf)" (para 2). "Working groups - which included Police, employees of the State Committee for Women and Family Affairs, and officials of the State Committee for Religious Affairs (SCRA)...more
Dec. 20, 2017, 11:56 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"In addressing the issue of gender-based violence in its electoral platform, Al-Nahda specifically states that it will 'combat all forms of violence against women, and oppose compulsory dress code among women' in its platform" (para 3) (Coder comment: Al-Nahda is the moderate Islamist party - ARR).
Dec. 6, 2017, 10:43 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"The UN has criticised Iran for forcing girls to wear hijab (Islamic veil) at the very young age of 7 irrespective of their religious affiliations. Following a review of the situation in Iran, the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) urged the country to 'review its hijab laws and regulations and ensure that the right of girls to wear or not to wear hijab is fully respected'" (para 1). "In a submission to the UN CRC, JFI [Justice For Iran] had urged the committee to take appropriate measures against . . . compulsory veiling of children in Iran. Many JFI recommendations were adopted by the UN Committee...more
Dec. 2, 2017, 4 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"[The Germany burqa ban] also echoes a controversial decision by several French towns in recent weeks to outlaw burkinis, the full-body Islamic swimsuit, at a highly sensitive time for relations with the Muslim community following a series of attacks in France" (para 7).
Dec. 2, 2017, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Germany's interior minister has proposed a partial ban of the burqa, the full-face veil worn by some Muslim women, as a nationwide debate rages over integration" (para 1)."The minister said the ban would apply to "places where it is necessary for our society's coexistence", including government offices, schools and universities, courtrooms, demonstrations and while driving vehicles" (para 3).
Nov. 30, 2017, 6:18 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Police in the central Asian state of Tajikistan have forcibly shaved nearly 13,000 men and 'convinced' 1,700 women to remove their headscarves in a bid to eradicate radical Islam in the country" (para 1). "Police also said they had 'convinced' 1,700 women to remove their headscarves, arrested 89 hijab-wearing prostitutes and closed down 162 shops and stalls selling hijabs" (para 5).
Nov. 30, 2017, 5:19 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Morocco has banned the production and sale of burqa full-face Muslim veils for security reasons (para 1). "In Taroudant in southern Morocco, authorities ordered traders to stop making and selling burqas and to liquidate their stock within 48 hours, the reports said" (para 9). "It was unclear if Morocco plans to follow in the footsteps of some European countries such as France and Belgium where it is illegal to wear full veils in public" (para 11).
Nov. 27, 2017, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"In recent years following an increase in the summer air temperature and the thinning of women’s clothing, the security forces implemented a special plan to counter the improper wearing of the hijab. In March 2005 the High Cultural Council passed a resolution entitled ‘Strategies and solutions to develop the culture of chastity’. Based on this resolution security forces were charged with a series of enforcements known as ‘Guidance Patrol’. Police cars with emblems of Guidance Patrol roam through important streets, squares, promenades, cinemas, shopping centres, arcades and similar spots where women whose hijabs are not deemed appropriate in accordance with their views are arrested" (para 11).