The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for RCDW-LAW-2

Dec. 9, 2018, 6:35 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

"Denmark has voted to ban the niqab and burqa, becoming the fifth European country to pass such a law" (para. 1).
Oct. 28, 2018, 9 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-2

"The Interior Ministry Press Secretary confirmed to Forum 18 that there is no law banning hijabs or beards, but refused to explain why the authorities try to ban them. No Education Ministry official, from the First Deputy Minister downwards, has been able to give a legal reason for the beard and hijab ban" (para 8).
Jan. 10, 2018, 4:54 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: RCDW-LAW-2

"The burqa veil is to be banned in schools and universities across Norway following similar measures in other European countries, according to the Norwegian education minister" (para 1). "Education minister Torbjorn Roe Isaksen confirmed the ban would only apply to the full-face veil and not to other Islamic headscarves including the hijab, chador and niqab" (para 3). "Last week, the parliament of Bulgaria voted to approve a law banning the garment in public places, citing growing fears over Islamic terrorism as its justification. The covering of the head, eyes, ears and mouth will only be permitted for health reasons, professional necessity and at sporting and cultural events" (para 7-8). The...more
Jan. 10, 2018, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Belgium, France
Variables: RCDW-LAW-2

"France and Belgium have both banned the burqa or niqab and Switzerland's lower house this week narrowly approved a draft bill on a nationwide ban" (para 11).
Jan. 10, 2018, 4:29 p.m.
Countries: Bulgaria
Variables: RCDW-LAW-2

"Parliament approved the law that 'bans wearing in public clothing that partially or completely covers the face', referring to the burqa or the more common niqab" (para 2). The burqa refers to the most concealing of Islamic clothing; it is a veil that covers the entire face and body. The niqb refers to a veil which covers the face but leaves the area around the eyes clear (CODER COMMENT-BCT). "Several Bulgarian towns had already banned the niqab at local level" (para 7).
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:02 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: RCDW-LAW-2

"Since the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) took office nearly 15 years ago, restrictions on wearing the headscarf have been eased and more women in the country have chosen to wear it" (para 10). Legally women used to be banned from wearing headscarves in particular situations and areas. This has now been revoked and women face no legal barriers to wearing the headscarf (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 2, 2017, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: RCDW-LAW-2

Germany's interior minister has proposed a partial ban of the burqa, the full-face veil worn by some Muslim women, as a nationwide debate rages over integration (para 1). "The minister said the ban would apply to 'places where it is necessary for our society's coexistence', including government offices, schools and universities, courtrooms, demonstrations and while driving vehicles" (para 3).
Nov. 30, 2017, 5:19 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: RCDW-LAW-2

"Morocco has banned the production and sale of burqa full-face Muslim veils for security reasons, media reports said Tuesday" (para 1).
Nov. 8, 2017, 10:49 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

"Morocco's Interior Ministry has banned the production and sale of the burqa, the full-length covering for women that leaves only the eyes visible, according to notices delivered by law enforcement to street vendors, wholesalers, tailors, and industrial producers. Security forces made the country's highest police authority, the caid, compile a form that trickled down to local vendors. 'It is prohibited to produce and sell burqa. You are invited to get rid of your stock within the next 48 hours. Those who contravene will have their merchandise seized and their store closed,' read the notice. The Moroccan version of a burqa, which costs between 50-60 dirhams (about 5-6 euros), is different...more
Nov. 1, 2017, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: RCDW-LAW-2

"They came to the metro station in scarves and face masks, protesting Quebec’s new law requiring people to show their faces before gaining access to public services" (para 1). "The face-covering law, titled the State Religious Neutrality Law, is the current Quebec government’s effort to address an angry debate that has blistered social ties and dominated provincial politics for more than a decade" (para 8). "People will have to show their faces only at preliminary contact with government workers, she clarified. They then can cover themselves again. 'No one will be thrown off public transit, be refused emergency health care or be chased out of a library,' she said, according...more
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: RCDW-LAW-2

"Chechnya’s 38-year-old dictator Ramzan Kadyrov declared that his regime was going to restore traditional values and mores, and today exerts immense pressure on women. He has described women as a husband’s property, whose main role is to bear children. In 2007, he introduced a strict dress code (a head scarf, shirts with long sleeves and long skirts) in government institutions, including schools"(para 15)
Oct. 6, 2017, 8:27 a.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: RCDW-LAW-2

"Norway's government in June proposed a ban on face-covering Muslim veils in kindergartens, schools and universities" (para 13).
Oct. 6, 2017, 8:26 a.m.
Countries: Belgium, Bulgaria, France, Germany, Netherlands
Variables: RCDW-LAW-2

"France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Bulgaria and the German state of Bavaria have all imposed some restrictions on the wearing of full-face veils in public places" (para 4).
Oct. 6, 2017, 8:24 a.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: RCDW-LAW-2

"Denmark looks set to become the next European country to restrict the burqa and the niqab" (para 2).
Oct. 2, 2017, 12:50 p.m.
Countries: Belgium, Bulgaria, France, Germany, Switzerland
Variables: RCDW-LAW-2

"People who obscure their face in public can be fined $175. Similar laws are in force or about to go into effect in Belgium, Bulgaria, France and Switzerland. Germany has a partial ban on face coverings that applies only when driving" (para 8).
Oct. 2, 2017, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: RCDW-LAW-2

"Austria on Sunday becomes the fifth European country to ban wearing full face veils such as the burqa and niqab in public, a move prompted by the recent wave of migrants from Muslim countries seeking asylum" (para 1). "The Anti-Face-Veiling Act applies to anyone in public places and buildings, including schools, shopping malls and public transportation" (para 3). "People who obscure their face in public can be fined $175" (para 8). "Austria's parliament approved the law in May after politicians, including Foreign Minister Sebastian Kurz — a front-runner to become chancellor in the Oct. 15 parliamentary election — argued that veils hinder Muslim women from integrating into Austria's predominantly Catholic...more
Sept. 29, 2017, 4:16 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: RCDW-LAW-2

"From October, police will start handing out £130 fines to women found wearing burqas and niqabs at universities, courts or on public transport" (3).
Sept. 29, 2017, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: RCDW-LAW-2

"Austria has passed a new law which ban women from wearing Islamic face veils in public" (1).
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

"Compulsory 'veiling' (hijab) laws empower police and paramilitary forces to target women for harassment, violence and imprisonment regularly"(para 17)
Aug. 16, 2017, 9:46 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

"France’s highest administrative court on Friday overturned a town’s ban on burkinis, the full-body swimwear used by some Muslim women, setting a precedent that challenges similar bans in at least 30 other municipalities, most of them on the French Riviera"(para 1)."In its ruling, the court, known as the Council of State, found that the ban in the town of Villeneuve-Loubet violated civil liberties, including freedom of movement and religious freedom, and that officials had failed to show that the swimwear posed a threat to public order.The ruling also made clear that the bans in other municipalities could be similarly overturned, and the Socialist government seemed conflicted on how to respond"(para...more
Feb. 1, 2017, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: RCDW-LAW-2

"In May 2015 the Netherlands passed a partial ban on face covering Islamic veils which bars women from wearing it in government buildings, schools, hospitals and on public transport" (para 17).
Feb. 1, 2017, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-LAW-2

"France became the first country in Europe to ban Islamic veils, such as the burka and the niqab, in public places in April 2011. Woman seen sporting the face veil can be fined while those who threaten a woman to wear the garb can be fined up to 30,000 Euros. In the wake of a number of terror attacks parts of France also banned the burkini-Islamic swimwear that covers women's bodies and faces-although some states over turned the ban saying it is unconstitutional" (para 13-15).
Feb. 1, 2017, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: RCDW-LAW-2

"The Ticino region of Switzerland outlawed the veil in public places while a draft vote in the Swiss parliament this week saw politicians vote in favour, albeit by one vote, of a nationwide burqa ban. However the plans remain far from coming into force after a previous proposal for a ban on the face covering veils was voted down by state representatives at a commission in January" (para 18-19).
Feb. 1, 2017, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: RCDW-LAW-2

"In July 2011 Belgium also outlawed the burqa and the niqab and those caught wearing the face veil in public pieces could be jailed for up to seven days and fined" (para 16).
Jan. 26, 2017, 8:30 p.m.
Countries: Bulgaria
Variables: RCDW-LAW-2

"Bulgaria bans the burqa: Women no longer allowed to wear veils after nationalist party pushed for law change amid fears of Islamic terrorism. Bulgaria's parliament has approved a law banning women from wearing veils that cover their faces in public amid increasing fears over acts of Islamic terrorism in the country (para 1-2). "The new law states that clothing that conceals the face may not be worn in the institutions of Bulgaria's central and local administrations, schools, cultural institutions, and places of public recreation, sports and communications" (para 5). "Women who violate the ban [on the burka] face fines of up to 770 euros (665 pounds), as well as a...more
Nov. 9, 2016, 6:19 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

"[The burqa is] enforced by the Taliban"(para 6). This is found in the infographic underneath the sixth paragraph (ENB-Coder Comment)
Nov. 9, 2016, 6:19 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

"The niqab has become a defining issue of the 2015 federal election, with the Conservatives in favour of limiting its use in certain public circumstances, and the NDP and Liberals coming out strongly against such restrictions"(para 1)."There are 8,495 Muslim women working in Canadian public administration positions. Stephen Harper’s musings about a ban on niqabs in the civil service would affect at best a small number of bureaucrats. Statistics from 2011 show only 1.8 per cent of 257,000 federal employees are Muslim women, and only a small subset of them is likely to wear face coverings"(para 3)."Bill 62, introduced by Quebec’s Liberal government in June, bans religious face-coverings such as...more
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

"There are no dress code requirements in Ukraine, except when in the Ukrainian Orthodox Church or Greek Orthodox Church, which requires that their heads be covered (not their faces), and that they wear a long skirt to enter the building." (10)
Feb. 26, 2016, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

"Although Ayatollah Khomeini, the eventual leader of the Revolution and later the Islamic Republic, first denied that Islamic hijab would be compulsory, it eventually became mandatory and the penal Code prescribed a severe punishment (seventy lashes) for violating Islamic hijab. Flogging was later replaced by more lenient punishments: including imprisonment and fines. Article 683- 'Those women that appear in the streets and public places without the Islamic hijab, shall be sentenced from ten days to two months’ imprisonment or fined from fifty thousand to five hundred thousand Rials.' There is no similar rule for men in the Penal Code " (16)
Feb. 25, 2016, 6:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-2

"When in public, all women in Iran, even foreigners, are required to wear the loose scarf, which covers the hair and neck"(para 3)."Earlier this month, a police official said women drivers could have their cars impounded if they are caught driving with a poorly fixed veil or with their heads uncovered.'If a (female) driver in a car is poorly veiled or has taken her veil off, the vehicle will be seized in accordance with the law,' said Tehran traffic police chief General Teymour Hosseini"(para 9-10)