The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for RCDW-PRACTICE-1

Nov. 22, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"In 2008, the government announced it would bar judges from wearing headscarves and similar religious or political symbols - including crucifixes, Jewish skull caps and turbans - in courtrooms. . . . That move came after pressure from the Danish People's Party (DPP), known for its anti-Muslim rhetoric, which has since called for the ban to be extended to include school teachers and medical personnel" (para 56-57).
Nov. 22, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"On 11 April 2011, France became the first European country to ban the full-face Islamic veil in public places. Under the ban, no woman, French or foreign, is able to leave their home with their face hidden behind a veil without running the risk of a fine. As President, Nicolas Sarkozy, whose administration brought in the ban, said that veils oppress women and were 'not welcome' in France. In 2016 France introduced a controversial ban on women's full-body swimsuits, known as 'burkinis'. Prime Minister Manuel Valls called the swimsuits 'the affirmation of political Islam in the public space'. The burkini ban, imposed by French Riviera mayors, was later lifted in ...more
Nov. 22, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

In late 2009, Swiss Justice Minister Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf said a face-veil ban should be considered if more Muslim women begin wearing them, adding that the veils made her feel 'uncomfortable'. In September 2013, 65% of the electorate in the Italian-speaking region of Ticino voted in favour of a ban on face veils in public areas by any group. It was the first time that any of Switzerland's 26 cantons has imposed such a ban" (para 62-64).
Nov. 22, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"In November 2016, Dutch MPs backed a ban on the Islamic full veil in public places such as schools and hospitals, and on public transport. The niqab and the burka full-face veils were included in the ban along with face coverings such as ski-masks and helmets. In order for the ban to become law, the Dutch Senate must approve the bill. Prime Minister Mark Rutte's ruling Liberal-Labour coalition described the bill, which will see offenders fined up to 410 euros (£350, $435), as 'religious-neutral'. The proposed ban reflected the influence of the anti-Islamist Geert Wilders, whose Freedom party was at that time the third largest in parliament and the minority ...more
Nov. 22, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Russia's Stavropol region has a ban on hijabs - the first of its kind imposed by a region in the Russian federation. The ruling was upheld by Russia's Supreme Court in July 2013. In Chechnya, the authorities have defied Russian policy on Islamic dress. In 2007 President Ramzan Kadyrov - the pro-Moscow leader - issued an edict ordering women to wear headscarves in state buildings. It is a direct violation of Russian law, but is strictly followed today. President Kadyrov even voiced support for men who fired paintballs at women deemed to be violating the strict dress code" (para 59-61).
Nov. 22, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"For more than 85 years Turks have lived in an officially secular state founded by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, who rejected headscarves as backward-looking. . . . Scarves are banned in civic spaces and official buildings, but the issue is deeply divisive for the country's predominantly Muslim population, as two-thirds of all Turkish women - including the wives and daughters of the prime minister and president - cover their heads. In 2008, Turkey's constitution was amended to ease a strict ban at universities, allowing headscarves that were tied loosely under the chin. Headscarves covering the neck and all-enveloping veils were still banned. In October 2013, Turkey lifted rules banning women from ...more
Nov. 22, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"There is no ban on Islamic dress in the UK, but schools are allowed to decide their own dress code after a 2007 directive which followed several high-profile court cases. Many Islamic groups see a ban on full-face veils as discrimination against Muslims. In January 2010, then Schools Secretary Ed Balls said it was 'not British' to tell people what to wear in the street after the UK Independence Party called for all face-covering Muslim veils to be banned. In September 2013, Home Office Minister Jeremy Browne called for a 'national debate' about Islamic veils in public places, such as schools. In 2014 UKIP came first in the European elections ...more
Nov. 22, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"The ruling coalition agreed in January 2017 to prohibit full-face veils (niqab and burka) in public spaces such as courts and schools. It said it was considering a more general ban on state employees wearing the headscarf and other religious symbols. The measures were seen as an attempt to counter the rise of the far-right Freedom Party, which almost won the presidency in December 2016. The coalition, made up of the left-wing Social Democrats and the conservative Austrian People's Party, said that full-face veils in public stood in the way of 'open communication', which it said was fundamental to an 'open society'. Only an estimated 150 women wear the full ...more
Nov. 22, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Several towns in Italy have local bans on face-covering veils. The north-western town of Novara is one of several local authorities to have already brought in rules to deter public use of the Islamic veil. In the Lombardy region of Italy, a burka ban was agreed in December 2015 and came into effect in January 2016. Governments have discussed extending laws to impose penalties on Muslim face coverings, but these have not yet been enforced nationally. This sign in Varallo says that the Burqa, Niqab and Burqini are not allowed by communal decision. In 2004 local politicians in northern Italy resurrected old public order laws against the wearing of masks, ...more
Nov. 22, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"On 6 December 2016, Chancellor Angela Merkel said the wearing of full-faced veils should be prohibited in Germany 'wherever it is legally possible'. Her comments, made at a CDU party meeting, came after plans to outlaw the burka - or any full-face veil - in public buildings were proposed by Interior Minister Thomas de Maiziere in August. There has been no national law restricting the wearing of veils in Germany prior to these proposals. In September 2003 the federal Constitutional Court ruled in favour of a teacher who wanted to wear an Islamic scarf to school. However, it said states could change their laws locally if they wanted to. At ...more
Nov. 22, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"A law banning the full-face veil came into effect in Belgium in July 2011. The law bans any clothing that obscures the identity of the wearer in places like parks and on the street. Veiled women in Belgium have staged protests against the ban. In December 2012, Belgium's Constitutional Court rejected appeals for the ban to be annulled, ruling that it did not violate human rights. Before the law was passed, the burka was already banned in several districts under old local laws originally designed to stop people masking their faces completely at carnival time" (para 26-29).
Nov. 22, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Though there are no plans for a national ban in Spain, in 2010 the city of Barcelona announced a ban on full Islamic face-veils in some public spaces such as municipal offices, public markets and libraries. At least two smaller towns in Catalonia, the north-eastern region that includes Barcelona, have also imposed bans. Barcelona was the first major city in Spain to ban the full-face Islamic veil in public buildings. But a ban in the town of Lleida was overturned by Spain's Supreme Court in February 2013. It ruled that it was an infringement of religious liberties. Barcelona's city council said the ban there targeted any head-wear that impeded identification, ...more
Nov. 8, 2017, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"The Moroccan version of a burqa, which costs between 50-60 dirhams (about 5-6 euros), is different than the long Afghan dress with an eye screen"(para 4)
Nov. 8, 2017, 10:49 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Morocco's Interior Ministry has banned the production and sale of the burqa, the full-length covering for women that leaves only the eyes visible, according to notices delivered by law enforcement to street vendors, wholesalers, tailors, and industrial producers. Security forces made the country's highest police authority, the caid, compile a form that trickled down to local vendors. 'It is prohibited to produce and sell burqa. You are invited to get rid of your stock within the next 48 hours. Those who contravene will have their merchandise seized and their store closed,' read the notice. The Moroccan version of a burqa, which costs between 50-60 dirhams (about 5-6 euros), is different ...more
Nov. 7, 2017, 11 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

The women street cleaners in the photo are all wearing headscarves. Almost all of the female landscape workers are also wearing headscarves (ENB-Coder Comment)
Nov. 7, 2017, 9:21 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

Almost all the women in the photograph have all or most of their hair covered with a scarf (ENB-Coder Comment)."'Women are now aware of their rights and can raise their voices. Before [the formation of a community development committee which women are included in] we couldn't do this,' said committee president Kalpona Begum, 55.The community's meeting hall, a tin-roofed shed with a cardboard ceiling and orange tarp stretched over its concrete floor, is plastered with hand-drawn posters illustrating ways to reduce earthquake and fire risks and to combat social ills - including one image of an old man and a young girl in a red wedding veil, with a big ...more
Nov. 7, 2017, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

The woman in the photograph is working as a carpenter and is wearing a head scarf (ENB-Coder Comment)
Nov. 1, 2017, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"As for those who cover their faces, local estimates peg the number of women in the entire province of Quebec — population 8.39 million — who wear the niqab or burqa at 50 to 100" (para 16).
Oct. 30, 2017, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2, RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-LAW-1

"She [Fatima Imam] addresses the challenges facing Nubian women, foremost among them the issue of genital mutilation, women's weak position in political affairs and the absence of a Nubian feminist movement in the public space, as well as the Islamization of society through the imposition of abayas (loose overgarments) on women. Speaking on all of the above, Fatima said, 'Wahabi culture and ideas from the Gulf have led to the Islamization of society, because many Nubians have traveled to live in the Gulf and have returned carrying Gulf ideas'"(para 18)
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Traditionally, widows are required to shun merriment. They are banned from wearing red clothes and most jewelry. Many wear only white"(para 19)."However, WHR’s [Women for Human Rights] [Lily] Thapa says things are slowly improving. Some widows have even defied tradition by wearing red during protests against discrimination"(para 24)
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"All school girls in Chechnya have to wear a head scarf".This statement is found in the caption (ENB-Coder Comment). In the photographs in this article, the women are wearing head scarves (ENB-Coder Comment)."Chechnya’s 38-year-old dictator Ramzan Kadyrov declared that his regime was going to restore traditional values and mores, and today exerts immense pressure on women. He has described women as a husband’s property, whose main role is to bear children. In 2007, he introduced a strict dress code (a head scarf, shirts with long sleeves and long skirts) in government institutions, including schools"(para 15)
Oct. 3, 2017, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"They said they were only allowed to leave their houses dressed in full face veil (niqab) and accompanied by a close male relative" (para 4). "All 21 of the Sunni Arab women and girls Human Rights Watch interviewed reported being forced to wear the niqab, which covers body, face, and head, with veils over their eyes, gloves, and socks whenever they left their houses. All clothing had to be black and without decoration. Many said that with their eyes veiled, they could not see where they were going and sometimes stumbled and fell. Before ISIS took over their areas, they said, they wore headscarves with their faces showing, and colored ...more
Sept. 27, 2017, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Among the other seemingly innocent acts that can result in being reprimanded include women uploading a photograph of them without a headscarf and posting a video of themselves singing" (para 10).
Sept. 26, 2017, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

There are eight photographs of women and each one is wearing a scarf over their head (ENB-Coder Comment)
Sept. 15, 2017, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Members of the adult and under 17 women’s soccer teams training in Kabul on March 13. The women’s soccer team, often held up as as an example of success, has not played internationally since 2014"(para 21). One of the players is wearing a hijab, one is wearing a baseball cap which covers her hair, and two are wearing scarves that cover part of their hair (ENB-Coder Comment)."Ms. Kohestani thinks that Afghan officials never really supported the idea of women in sports, saying they only feigned interest because women’s sports were such grant magnets. 'They would say, "I would never let my daughter do that,"' she said. 'They treated us like ...more
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Compulsory 'veiling' (hijab) laws empower police and paramilitary forces to target women for harassment, violence and imprisonment regularly"(para 17)
Sept. 1, 2017, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

“Zioual points the finger at the imposition of harshly patriarchal customs from the Middle East, particularly in recent decades. ‘The active marginalization and oppression of women has come from Arab countries — it is the Arab male who has this culture,’ she says of escalating pressure on women to be heavily veiled” (para 16). “Twenty years ago in regional areas you could go out without a veil or a headscarf, and you could wear a skirt or pants. But that doesn’t exist anymore in the provinces — it is either the headscarf or the jellaba that are obligatory” (para 24). “Women are sold the lie that in order to enter ...more
Aug. 16, 2017, 9:46 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"France’s highest administrative court on Friday overturned a town’s ban on burkinis, the full-body swimwear used by some Muslim women, setting a precedent that challenges similar bans in at least 30 other municipalities, most of them on the French Riviera"(para 1)."In a statement, Interior Minister Bernard Cazeneuve suggested that it was time for the local officials to back down [speaking about the burkini ban], saying it was now 'up to each and every one to responsibly seek to ease tensions, which is the only way to avoid disturbances to public order and to bolster coexistence.' But later on Friday, Prime Minister Manuel Valls said in a statement on Facebook that ...more
Aug. 15, 2017, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"In the new ceremony, girls between the ages of 9 and 15 dress in traditional clothing that includes cow-skin black robes and crowns of beads to signify they are ready for the ritual"(para 15)
Aug. 8, 2017, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Gathered in a tent in the Algerian desert, 30 young women are preparing for a big day many thought they could never afford — a wedding. Draped in beaded fabrics, the women lift their veils so make-up can be applied to their faces and hold out their hands for henna tattoos, the smell of incense wafting through the tent"(para 1-2)."In the evening, the girls will be brought to the grooms’ family homes, lifting their veils to reveal their faces to their new husbands"(para 5)