The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for RCDW-PRACTICE-1

April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"In some ultra-Orthodox neighborhoods, private organizations posted 'modesty signs' demanding women obscure themselves from public view to avoid distracting devout men" (37).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"February media reports stated that morality police beat and detained a 14-year-old girl for wearing ripped jeans. Authorities released the girl and her friends only after they signed pledges promising to dress modestly" (36).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-DATA-1

"In some parts of the North Caucasus, women continued to face bride kidnapping, polygamy, forced marriage (including child marriage), legal discrimination, and enforced adherence to Islamic dress codes" (47).
March 26, 2019, 7:54 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"This is the same government which tabled a bill in parliament targeting women for dressing in a way that reveals their chest and knees" (para 9).
March 26, 2019, 7:54 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"This is the same government which tabled a bill in parliament targeting women for dressing in a way that reveals their chest and knees" (para 9).
March 26, 2019, 7:54 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"This is the same government which tabled a bill in parliament targeting women for dressing in a way that reveals their chest and knees" (para 9).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Da’esh also beat persons because of their dress; several sources reported Da’esh members beat women for not covering their faces" (para 99). "Da’esh reportedly did not permit female passengers to traverse territory it controlled unless accompanied by a close male relative, and it imposed severe restrictions on women’s attire in public" (para 152). "According to several groups, including HRW, extremist armed groups placed discriminatory restrictions on women and girls in Aleppo, al-Hassakah, Idlib, and Raqqa governorates. Such restrictions included strict dress codes, limitations on women’s engagement in public life and ability to move freely, and constraints on their access to education and employment" (para 201). "Jabhat al-Nusra and Da’esh insisted...more
March 18, 2019, 7:25 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-LAW-1

"According to media reports, in June the city of Lorette prohibited women wearing veils from accessing the city’s municipal swimming pool by adding “headscarves” to the pool’s list of prohibited items. The rules require a woman to wear a onepiece or two-piece bathing suit to access the pool" (p. 23).
Feb. 25, 2019, 4:17 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"President Hassan Rouhani, who came to power in 2013 promising a more moderate stance, has previously said it is not the job of police to enforce religious rules such as those forcing women to cover their hair. But in April 2016, officials said there were 7,000 undercover morality police reporting on things like 'bad hijab' - a blanket term usually referring to un-Islamic dress by women. Figures are rarely given, but Tehran's traffic police said in late 2015 they had dealt with 40,000 cases of bad hijab in cars, where women often let their headscarves drop around their necks. These cases generally led to fines and a temporary impounding of...more
Feb. 21, 2019, 8:18 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"But the Muslim Brotherhood also has a reputation for wanting to keep women at home and for requiring them to wear headscarves." (para 10.) "To ask Mrs Ghaneya about making headscarves compulsory appears irrelevant in the Egyptian Delta. Everyone is wearing one. She herself wears a voluminous blue garment that covers everything except her face and hands." (para 11). "A non-headscarf wearing woman does not stand a chance. And I challenge her on whether last year's parliamentary election results suggest that Egyptian women simply do not vote for women." (para 34).
Jan. 10, 2019, 6:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Women in Germany’s Muslim community of 4.7 million who actually wear a full burqa, or a loose veil that covers the entire body, often including mesh over the eyes, are exceedingly rare. Some experts suggest there may be only a few hundred at most" (para 9).
Jan. 2, 2019, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"[Walaa] has cut her long, black hair into a messy bob and dyed it red. She is among a minority of women in Gaza who do not wear a hijab. Even though that means, as she puts it, everyone knows you and talks about you. 'Even,' she says, 'reporting your movements'" (para 27).
Dec. 14, 2018, 8:25 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Most Algerian women do not wear the niqab, a custom imported from more traditionally conservative Arab countries such as Saudi Arabia, but the decision is likely to be criticized by Algeria's Salafists minority" (para 9).
Dec. 14, 2018, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1

"But Libyan culture remained deeply conservative, especially in the towns and villages, where women and men rarely mix outside their families. Nearly every Libyan woman wears some sort of Islamic head covering" (4).
Oct. 28, 2018, 9 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Under repeated pressure from the authorities, a man in Tajikistan's northern Sogd Region divorced his wife in 2017 after seven years of marriage. Police had repeatedly summoned him, demanding that he stop his wife, a devout Muslim, from wearing the hijab. Under great pressure from police, the woman's husband kicked her out of their house and also began to publicly insult her" (para 2). "Many women are being pressured into stopping wearing the hijab, but they do not want to make their cases public as if they do so their life can become a real hell" (para 3). "However, in 2016 Sogd Police stopped the woman on the street, took...more
Oct. 17, 2018, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"A pair of German tourists were reportedly reprimanded by local authorities and let off with a warning for wearing bikinis at one of the province’s beaches" (para 3).
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"With her bubble-gum pink hair and stylishly ripped jeans, Doaa Bassem goes a long way to redefining what it means to be a Saudi woman these days" (para 1).
Oct. 2, 2018, 11:39 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Switzerland’s cabinet said on Wednesday that it opposed a campaign pushing for a nationwide ban on facial coverings in public spaces, saying such decisions about public space should be made by individual cantons" (para 10).
Oct. 2, 2018, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"In October, the French-speaking Canadian province of Quebec made it a crime to wear a face-covering garment in public, a move that critics derided as discriminatory against Muslim women. The law was the first of its kind in North America. It barred people with face coverings from receiving public services, such as riding a bus, or from working in government jobs, such as a doctor or teacher. They also cannot receive publicly funded health care while covering their faces" (para 16-17).
Oct. 2, 2018, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"The Dutch parliament’s Upper House has approved a partial ban on face coverings in some public areas, a spokesman said, making the Netherlands the latest European nation to pass a law that directly affects the lives of Muslim women" (para 1). "Supporters of such bans say they are necessary to protect public safety, defend Western values or encourage migrants to assimilate into their new societies" (para 3). "But rights groups say they discriminate against Muslim women, some of whom view garments like niqabs, which cover a woman’s face but for a narrow slit left for the eyes, and burqas, which cover the entire face, as a religious obligation" (para 4)."The...more
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Throughout the country women reported increasing social pressure to adhere to conservative social norms. Da’esh continued to impose severe restrictions on women’s movement and dress, and enforcement patrols by Da’esh forces were reportedly routine occurrences" (para 252)
Sept. 13, 2018, 8:11 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"A senior Saudi cleric said last month that women need not wear the abaya - the loose-fitting, full-length robe symbolic of religious faith - and another prominent sheik said that celebrating Valentine's Day did not contradict Islamic teachings, defying the religious police's hardline position" (para. 19).
Aug. 2, 2018, 10:03 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Sheikh Abdullah al-Mutlaq, a member of the Council of Senior Scholars, said women should dress modestly, but this did not have to mean wearing the abaya.Saudi women are currently required to wear the garment by law" (para 2-3).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"We observe attempts to control women’s conduct, dress code and freedoms in ways that contravene Israel’s commitment to gender equality…Women are discriminated against in cemetaries…where signposts direct women to seek alternative paths or to adhere to a strict dress code if they wish to pass through certain neighbourhoods" (18-19).
Jan. 10, 2018, 4:54 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Muslim women are rarely seen wearing burqa veils in Norway, according to AFP, but the issue has been widely discussed" (para 6).
Jan. 10, 2018, 4:29 p.m.
Countries: Bulgaria
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Muslim women in Bulgaria have generally worn just a simple scarf to cover their hair" (para 5).
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:12 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2, IIP-PRACTICE-2

"Although she felt she was obliged to wear the hijab [in Egypt], Sara says she would not have taken part in such a demonstration had it taken place in Cairo when she was still veiled. 'If this is what I think, I shouldn't impose my opinion on the public,' says Sara, who now works as a simultaneous interpreter and lives with her husband in New York.'I can't really imagine a protest taking place in New York against a certain attire, though there are a lot more freedoms here'"(3)
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:11 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"'Many people would think women in Kuwait, as a Gulf country, have less freedom than in Egypt. As a matter of fact it's completely the opposite,' says Sara, who speaks Egyptian Arabic almost perfectly"(1). This statement was made by Sara who lived in Cairo for a year and remarked on the social pressure to wear the hijab as well as the sexual and verbal harassment on the street regardless of whether she was wearing the hijab or not (ENB-Coder Comment)."Sara wore the veil for five years. But the headscarf gave her little respite throughout the remainder of her time in Cairo, and she took it off following her departure. 'It...more
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Veil or no veil, Egyptian women are often stigmatised, or worse. Calls for women to take off their veils at a demonstration in Cairo initiated debate over Islamic attire for women in Egypt"(1)."After spending one year living in Cairo, Muslim teenager Sara decided to adopt the Islamic veil, dressing modestly to show only her face and the palms of her hands in public as per mainstream Islamic teachings for women. She was not following her religious beliefs by wearing the hijab, but rather succumbing to social pressure and seeking to avoid recurrent harassment. Sara had visited Cairo beforehand. But when she began living there in 2001, she says, she experienced...more
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:06 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"'EIPR observed cases where veiled Syrian women were physically attacked, insulted and kicked out of public microbuses because people recognised their nationality through their distinct hijab'"(5). This statement was made by Dali Abd El-Hameed (ENB-Coder Comment)