The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for RCDW-PRACTICE-2

Oct. 2, 2018, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"But rights groups say they discriminate against Muslim women, some of whom view garments like niqabs, which cover a woman’s face but for a narrow slit left for the eyes, and burqas, which cover the entire face, as a religious obligation" (para 4).
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Da’esh severely restricted women’s freedom of movement in areas under its control. Patrols checked to make sure that women wore suitable attire and male relatives or guardians accompanied them outside the home" (para 172). "The IHCHR reported cases of Da’esh executing women for not wearing the veil" (para 252)
Feb. 14, 2018, 10:32 a.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"And then there's the black veil. Many women in Yemen wear a niqab — a black veil that completely covers their faces, except for a tiny slit across the eyes" (para 9).
Jan. 10, 2018, 4:29 p.m.
Countries: Bulgaria
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"But recently there has been a small rise in the number of women wearing the niqab among ultra-conservative Muslim communities of the Roma minority" (para 6).
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:12 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2, IIP-PRACTICE-2

"Although she felt she was obliged to wear the hijab [in Egypt], Sara says she would not have taken part in such a demonstration had it taken place in Cairo when she was still veiled. 'If this is what I think, I shouldn't impose my opinion on the public,' says Sara, who now works as a simultaneous interpreter and lives with her husband in New York.'I can't really imagine a protest taking place in New York against a certain attire, though there are a lot more freedoms here'"(3)
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:11 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"'Many people would think women in Kuwait, as a Gulf country, have less freedom than in Egypt. As a matter of fact it's completely the opposite,' says Sara, who speaks Egyptian Arabic almost perfectly"(1). This statement was made by Sara who lived in Cairo for a year and remarked on the social pressure to wear the hijab as well as the sexual and verbal harassment on the street regardless of whether she was wearing the hijab or not (ENB-Coder Comment)."Sara wore the veil for five years. But the headscarf gave her little respite throughout the remainder of her time in Cairo, and she took it off following her departure. 'It...more
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Veil or no veil, Egyptian women are often stigmatised, or worse. Calls for women to take off their veils at a demonstration in Cairo initiated debate over Islamic attire for women in Egypt"(1).After spending one year living in Cairo, Muslim teenager Sara decided to adopt the Islamic veil, dressing modestly to show only her face and the palms of her hands in public as per mainstream Islamic teachings for women. She was not following her religious beliefs by wearing the hijab, but rather succumbing to social pressure and seeking to avoid recurrent harassment. Sara had visited Cairo beforehand. But when she began living there in 2001, she says, she experienced...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:02 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Since the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) took office nearly 15 years ago, restrictions on wearing the headscarf have been eased and more women in the country have chosen to wear it" (para 10).
Dec. 2, 2017, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Thomas de Maiziere said on Friday that the face veil does not belong in Germany society, where more than four million Muslims live, calling the proposed ban a 'preventive measure'" (para 2).
Nov. 30, 2017, 5:19 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"The niqab, which leaves the area around the eyes uncovered, is also worn in Salafist circles and in more conservative regions in the north, from where thousands of jihadists have gone to fight in Syria and Iraq" (para 7).
Nov. 8, 2017, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"The Moroccan version of a burqa, which costs between 50-60 dirhams (about 5-6 euros), is different than the long Afghan dress with an eye screen"(para 4)
Nov. 8, 2017, 10:49 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Morocco's Interior Ministry has banned the production and sale of the burqa, the full-length covering for women that leaves only the eyes visible, according to notices delivered by law enforcement to street vendors, wholesalers, tailors, and industrial producers. Security forces made the country's highest police authority, the caid, compile a form that trickled down to local vendors. 'It is prohibited to produce and sell burqa. You are invited to get rid of your stock within the next 48 hours. Those who contravene will have their merchandise seized and their store closed,' read the notice. The Moroccan version of a burqa, which costs between 50-60 dirhams (about 5-6 euros), is different...more
Nov. 7, 2017, 9:21 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"'Women are now aware of their rights and can raise their voices. Before [the formation of a community development committee which women are included in] we couldn't do this,' said committee president Kalpona Begum, 55.The community's meeting hall, a tin-roofed shed with a cardboard ceiling and orange tarp stretched over its concrete floor, is plastered with hand-drawn posters illustrating ways to reduce earthquake and fire risks and to combat social ills - including one image of an old man and a young girl in a red wedding veil, with a big red X marked over it"(para 17-18)
Nov. 1, 2017, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"As for those who cover their faces, local estimates peg the number of women in the entire province of Quebec — population 8.39 million — who wear the niqab or burqa at 50 to 100" (para 16).
Oct. 6, 2017, 8:24 a.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"This would effectively mean a ban on the niqab and the burqa, he added. Around 200 women in Denmark wear such garments, according to researchers" (para 6).
Oct. 3, 2017, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"They said they were only allowed to leave their houses dressed in full face veil (niqab) and accompanied by a close male relative" (para 4). "All 21 of the Sunni Arab women and girls Human Rights Watch interviewed reported being forced to wear the niqab, which covers body, face, and head, with veils over their eyes, gloves, and socks whenever they left their houses. All clothing had to be black and without decoration. Many said that with their eyes veiled, they could not see where they were going and sometimes stumbled and fell. Before ISIS took over their areas, they said, they wore headscarves with their faces showing, and colored...more
Oct. 2, 2017, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Although there are no reliable numbers, the ban is likely to affect only a few hundred Muslim women in the country who now cover their faces. Also affected are some of the estimated 70,000 Arab tourists who visit Austria's popular Zell Am See ski area every year" (para 5).
Sept. 26, 2017, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

There are eight photographs of women and each one is wearing a scarf over their head. The scarves do not cover their faces (ENB-Coder Comment)
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Compulsory 'veiling' (hijab) laws empower police and paramilitary forces to target women for harassment, violence and imprisonment regularly"(para 17)
Aug. 16, 2017, 9:46 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"France’s highest administrative court on Friday overturned a town’s ban on burkinis, the full-body swimwear used by some Muslim women, setting a precedent that challenges similar bans in at least 30 other municipalities, most of them on the French Riviera"(para 1)."Critics of the [burkini] bans have said they unfairly targeted Muslims in the wake of deadly terrorist attacks in France and elsewhere in Europe. The bans provoked a backlash, particularly photographs spread online showing armed police officers confronting women wearing burkinis, or other clothing — like a veil, a tunic and leggings — covering most of the body"(para 13)."Villeneuve-Loubet, a seaside resort of about 14,000, adopted the ban on Aug....more
Aug. 9, 2017, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"The mullah sat on the floor, shackled with chains attached to handcuffs, Bahram said, while his young victim kept her face covered with a scarf" (para 26).
Aug. 8, 2017, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Gathered in a tent in the Algerian desert, 30 young women are preparing for a big day many thought they could never afford — a wedding. Draped in beaded fabrics, the women lift their veils so make-up can be applied to their faces and hold out their hands for henna tattoos, the smell of incense wafting through the tent"(para 1-2)."In the evening, the girls will be brought to the grooms’ family homes, lifting their veils to reveal their faces to their new husbands"(para 5)
May 5, 2017, 12:49 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Employers discriminated against members of the Romani minority, and some NGOs reported that many service sector employers did not want to employ Muslim women who wore headscarves in positions that required interaction with customers" (31).
Feb. 2, 2017, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"They kept their dupattas pulled all the way down over their faces, following the medieval tradition of purdah, or veiling" (para 19).
Jan. 27, 2017, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Many families still don’t allow girls to go outside their homes without a male companion or a burqa" (para 3). "Most women wear blue or black burqas that cover their entire bodies and still they are not immune to harassment" (para 6).
Nov. 18, 2016, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"'They [Boko Haram members] married me,' said Hamsatu, 25, a young woman in a black-and-purple head scarf, looking down at the ground"(para 3)."Yahauwa, 30, used her green head scarf to wipe away tears as she clutched a plastic bag full of medicine"(para 12)."Increasingly over the past year, the terrorists have used women and children to carry out suicide bombings against civilian targets like markets.'The Boko Haram would recite the prayer for the dead,' Meriam said. 'Then they would put on the hijab,' covering the suicide belt"(para 38-39)."Back at the Dalori camp, Hamsat, a 16-year-old high school student from Bama who was wearing a delicate pink head scarf, clasped her hands...more
Nov. 9, 2016, 6:20 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"In places like Iran, women wear a chador, which is a cloak-like garment that also covers the forehead and has no hand openings or clasps"(para 7)
Nov. 9, 2016, 6:19 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"[The burka] covers the head and the body and has a grille that hides the eyes. Traditionally worn by Pashtuns in Afghanistan"(para 6)."The burqa — a niqab with a grille added on to hide the eyes — is traditionally worn by Pashtun women in Afghanistan…enforced by the Taliban"(para 7)
Nov. 9, 2016, 6:19 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"There are no hard numbers of how many Canadian women wear niqabs [which covers the women except for her eyes], hijabs [which hide the ears, hair, and neck] or other Islamic garb. The provinces with the largest number of Muslim women are Ontario (288,025), Quebec (114,615), and Alberta (54,435), according to Statistics Canada’s 2011 household survey"(para 2)."There are 8,495 Muslim women working in Canadian public administration positions. Stephen Harper’s musings about a ban on niqabs in the civil service would affect at best a small number of bureaucrats. Statistics from 2011 show only 1.8 per cent of 257,000 federal employees are Muslim women, and only a small subset of them...more
Sept. 30, 2016, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Jeddah has the reputation of being less conservative than the capital, Riyadh, with women taking pride in their multicolored abayas, the all-covering gowns that Saudi women mostly wear in black. Hard-liners and moderates are more likely to clash there than elsewhere" (para 17).