The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for RCDW-PRACTICE-2

Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Compulsory 'veiling' (hijab) laws empower police and paramilitary forces to target women for harassment, violence and imprisonment regularly"(para 17)
Aug. 16, 2017, 9:46 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"France’s highest administrative court on Friday overturned a town’s ban on burkinis, the full-body swimwear used by some Muslim women, setting a precedent that challenges similar bans in at least 30 other municipalities, most of them on the French Riviera"(para 1)."Critics of the [burkini] bans have said they unfairly targeted Muslims in the wake of deadly terrorist attacks in France and elsewhere in Europe. The bans provoked a backlash, particularly photographs spread online showing armed police officers confronting women wearing burkinis, or other clothing — like a veil, a tunic and leggings — covering most of the body"(para 13)."Villeneuve-Loubet, a seaside resort of about 14,000, adopted the ban on Aug. ...more
Aug. 9, 2017, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"The mullah sat on the floor, shackled with chains attached to handcuffs, Bahram said, while his young victim kept her face covered with a scarf" (para 26).
Aug. 8, 2017, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Gathered in a tent in the Algerian desert, 30 young women are preparing for a big day many thought they could never afford — a wedding. Draped in beaded fabrics, the women lift their veils so make-up can be applied to their faces and hold out their hands for henna tattoos, the smell of incense wafting through the tent"(para 1-2)."In the evening, the girls will be brought to the grooms’ family homes, lifting their veils to reveal their faces to their new husbands"(para 5)
May 5, 2017, 12:49 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Employers discriminated against members of the Romani minority, and some NGOs reported that many service sector employers did not want to employ Muslim women who wore headscarves in positions that required interaction with customers" (31).
Feb. 2, 2017, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"They kept their dupattas pulled all the way down over their faces, following the medieval tradition of purdah, or veiling" (para 19).
Jan. 27, 2017, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Many families still don’t allow girls to go outside their homes without a male companion or a burqa" (para 3). "Most women wear blue or black burqas that cover their entire bodies and still they are not immune to harassment" (para 6).
Nov. 18, 2016, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"'They [Boko Haram members] married me,' said Hamsatu, 25, a young woman in a black-and-purple head scarf, looking down at the ground"(para 3)."Yahauwa, 30, used her green head scarf to wipe away tears as she clutched a plastic bag full of medicine"(para 12)."Increasingly over the past year, the terrorists have used women and children to carry out suicide bombings against civilian targets like markets.'The Boko Haram would recite the prayer for the dead,' Meriam said. 'Then they would put on the hijab,' covering the suicide belt"(para 38-39)."Back at the Dalori camp, Hamsat, a 16-year-old high school student from Bama who was wearing a delicate pink head scarf, clasped her hands ...more
Nov. 9, 2016, 6:20 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"In places like Iran, women wear a chador, which is a cloak-like garment that also covers the forehead and has no hand openings or clasps"(para 7)
Nov. 9, 2016, 6:19 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"[The burka] covers the head and the body and has a grille that hides the eyes. Traditionally worn by Pashtuns in Afghanistan"(para 6)."The burqa — a niqab with a grille added on to hide the eyes — is traditionally worn by Pashtun women in Afghanistan…enforced by the Taliban"(para 7)
Nov. 9, 2016, 6:19 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"There are no hard numbers of how many Canadian women wear niqabs [which covers the women except for her eyes], hijabs [which hide the ears, hair, and neck] or other Islamic garb. The provinces with the largest number of Muslim women are Ontario (288,025), Quebec (114,615), and Alberta (54,435), according to Statistics Canada’s 2011 household survey"(para 2)."There are 8,495 Muslim women working in Canadian public administration positions. Stephen Harper’s musings about a ban on niqabs in the civil service would affect at best a small number of bureaucrats. Statistics from 2011 show only 1.8 per cent of 257,000 federal employees are Muslim women, and only a small subset of them ...more
Sept. 30, 2016, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Jeddah has the reputation of being less conservative than the capital, Riyadh, with women taking pride in their multicolored abayas, the all-covering gowns that Saudi women mostly wear in black. Hard-liners and moderates are more likely to clash there than elsewhere" (para 17).
Sept. 14, 2016, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

“A woman wearing a niqab in Iran’s Hormozgan province, which has the highest incidence of FGM in the country. Niqabs are only worn in southern provinces” (para 1).
Aug. 18, 2016, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Women wearing a niqab, a type of full veil, walk under a billboard erected by the Islamic State (IS) group as part of a campaign in the IS-controlled Syrian city of Raqqa on November 2"(para 1). This is the caption located underneath the photograph (ENB-Coder Comment)
July 26, 2016, 9:37 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"I had a Saudi Arabian student — a Syrian who lived in Saudi Arabia — who told me that they were entirely covered (wearing the Burqa) because the school they went to said that their faces and everything had to be covered. Even then the men would blow kisses at them when the [school] bus they were riding on stopped at the traffic light" (19).
April 1, 2016, 10:10 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

Starting at 0:19 many women are shown crossing the street and waiting in lines. All of them seem to have at least a headscarf and a few covered their whole faces. Throughout the video women had their hair and or faces (including the eyes in some cases) covered (ENB-CODER COMMENT)
March 31, 2016, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Germany
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"In October 2013, Sarah O [who is half German and half Algerian], 15, did not come home from school in Konstanz, southern Germany. Her father reported her missing two days later. Soon after, she posted pictures of herself on various social-media sites holding a machine gun, wearing a burqa and black gloves. She said she was being trained to use the gun, and that her day consisted of 'Sleeping, eating, shooting, learning, listening to lectures.' She also wrote: 'By the way, I’ve joined al-Qaida [in Syria]'”(para 67)
March 31, 2016, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Back in Avignon, her [Nora el-Bathy's] parents – practising but not strict Muslims – reported Nora missing to the police. Her eldest brother, Fouad, trawled local hospitals convinced she had been in an accident, searched his sister’s bedroom, and examined her Facebook account for clues. There were none, except her hijab, which she had started wearing a few months before, in the wardrobe"(para 27-28)."The el-Bathy family discovered that found she [Nora el-Bathy] had opened a second Facebook account where she was in contact with 'jihad recruiters' in the Paris region and had posted videos of women appealing for recruits to go to Syria. In one picture, a completely veiled woman, ...more
March 31, 2016, 1:32 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Her [Nora el-Bathy's] eldest brother, Fouad, trawled local hospitals convinced she had been in an accident, searched his sister’s bedroom, and examined her Facebook account for clues. There were none, except her hijab, which she had started wearing a few months before [she ran away to Syria], in the wardrobe"(para 28)."The el-Bathy family discovered that found she [Nora el-Bathy] had opened a second Facebook account where she was in contact with 'jihad recruiters' in the Paris region and had posted videos of women appealing for recruits to go to Syria. In one picture, a completely veiled woman, brandishing a Kalashnikov, appeared with the caption: 'Yes, kill! In the name of ...more
March 4, 2016, 9:13 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"In many provinces, burkas are still commonplace, and women rarely work or leave the house without their husbands"(para 22)
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

"There are no dress code requirements in Ukraine, except when in the Ukrainian Orthodox Church or Greek Orthodox Church, which requires that their heads be covered (not their faces), and that they wear a long skirt to enter the building." (10)
Feb. 26, 2016, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"The main forms of violence against women are assault, repudiation, levirate, sororate, early marriage, forced marriage, female genital mutilation, rape and, for some women, the obligation to wear a veil or face covering" (25)
Feb. 26, 2016, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Even as its jeeps were still rolling into Iraq’s second largest city, Mosul, ISIL fighters were ordering women to cover themselves fully and stay at home" (para 2)
Feb. 25, 2016, 6:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Tehran, Iran: A Tehran court has fined two women $260 for violating the Islamic dress code by not wearing their mandatory hijabs (headscarves) properly in the street, a judicial official was quoted as saying.'In recent days several cases have been filed in the court for bad hijabs and; in two of them, the accused were sentenced to pay 9 million rials ($260/232 euros) in cash,' reformist daily Arman quoted the official as saying.When in public, all women in Iran, even foreigners, are required to wear the loose scarf, which covers the hair and neck.But since the mid-1990s, there has been a gradual relaxation of the dress code despite continued campaigns ...more
Feb. 20, 2016, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"After the abdication of Reza Shah in 1942, the compulsory ban on hijab was abandoned in practice" (16)
Feb. 12, 2016, 6:19 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"The regional government in Lombardy said Wednesday it will ban women from wearing veils or burqas in hospitals"(para 1)
Jan. 30, 2016, 4:10 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"But when Ali Abdullah Saleh took power in 1978, the state policy started to tighten the noose around women’s freedoms and rights, because of the political alliance between Saleh and the Muslim political movements to confront communists in the south. This reflected on the education curriculum and women started covering their faces, which hides their identities and decreases their role in the public sphere" (Para 4)
Jan. 29, 2016, 7:52 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"A woman wearing a niqab in Iran’s Hormozgan province, which has the highest incidence of FGM in the country. Niqabs are only worn in southern provinces"(para 1). This data piece is found as a caption right before the first paragraph. It does not say whether this is practice or law in those provinces (ENB-Coder Comment)
Jan. 21, 2016, 5:01 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"The skirmishes between Islamists and secularists did not arise overnight. They have a long history and have become a part of daily life in Iraq, where unveiled women are not rare. They are harassed and pressured to wear the veil that is part of traditional Islamic dress. In 2012, banners forbidding unveiled women from entering the 'holy' town were raised in the streets of Baghdad neighborhood Kadhimiya" (para 5-6). "In Islam, “tabarruj” refers to a woman displaying her beauty outside of the home. On Sept. 17, 2014, the Ministry of Education forbade girls from committing tabarruj and imposed a conservative dress code on them that called for loose-fitting clothing" (para ...more
Jan. 14, 2016, 8:41 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Their gripe: According to research by Annelies Moors, an anthropologist at the University of Amsterdam, only about 150 women in the Netherlands actually wear a niqab or burqa on a regular basis; some 400 others wear them 'now and then'" (para 9)