The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for RCDW-PRACTICE-2

Nov. 8, 2017, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"The Moroccan version of a burqa, which costs between 50-60 dirhams (about 5-6 euros), is different than the long Afghan dress with an eye screen"(para 4)
Nov. 8, 2017, 10:49 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Morocco's Interior Ministry has banned the production and sale of the burqa, the full-length covering for women that leaves only the eyes visible, according to notices delivered by law enforcement to street vendors, wholesalers, tailors, and industrial producers. Security forces made the country's highest police authority, the caid, compile a form that trickled down to local vendors. 'It is prohibited to produce and sell burqa. You are invited to get rid of your stock within the next 48 hours. Those who contravene will have their merchandise seized and their store closed,' read the notice. The Moroccan version of a burqa, which costs between 50-60 dirhams (about 5-6 euros), is different ...more
Nov. 7, 2017, 9:21 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"'Women are now aware of their rights and can raise their voices. Before [the formation of a community development committee which women are included in] we couldn't do this,' said committee president Kalpona Begum, 55.The community's meeting hall, a tin-roofed shed with a cardboard ceiling and orange tarp stretched over its concrete floor, is plastered with hand-drawn posters illustrating ways to reduce earthquake and fire risks and to combat social ills - including one image of an old man and a young girl in a red wedding veil, with a big red X marked over it"(para 17-18)
Nov. 1, 2017, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"As for those who cover their faces, local estimates peg the number of women in the entire province of Quebec — population 8.39 million — who wear the niqab or burqa at 50 to 100" (para 16).
Oct. 6, 2017, 8:24 a.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"This would effectively mean a ban on the niqab and the burqa, he added. Around 200 women in Denmark wear such garments, according to researchers" (para 6).
Oct. 3, 2017, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"They said they were only allowed to leave their houses dressed in full face veil (niqab) and accompanied by a close male relative" (para 4). "All 21 of the Sunni Arab women and girls Human Rights Watch interviewed reported being forced to wear the niqab, which covers body, face, and head, with veils over their eyes, gloves, and socks whenever they left their houses. All clothing had to be black and without decoration. Many said that with their eyes veiled, they could not see where they were going and sometimes stumbled and fell. Before ISIS took over their areas, they said, they wore headscarves with their faces showing, and colored ...more
Oct. 2, 2017, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Although there are no reliable numbers, the ban is likely to affect only a few hundred Muslim women in the country who now cover their faces. Also affected are some of the estimated 70,000 Arab tourists who visit Austria's popular Zell Am See ski area every year" (para 5).
Sept. 26, 2017, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

There are eight photographs of women and each one is wearing a scarf over their head. The scarves do not cover their faces (ENB-Coder Comment)
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Compulsory 'veiling' (hijab) laws empower police and paramilitary forces to target women for harassment, violence and imprisonment regularly"(para 17)
Aug. 16, 2017, 9:46 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"France’s highest administrative court on Friday overturned a town’s ban on burkinis, the full-body swimwear used by some Muslim women, setting a precedent that challenges similar bans in at least 30 other municipalities, most of them on the French Riviera"(para 1)."Critics of the [burkini] bans have said they unfairly targeted Muslims in the wake of deadly terrorist attacks in France and elsewhere in Europe. The bans provoked a backlash, particularly photographs spread online showing armed police officers confronting women wearing burkinis, or other clothing — like a veil, a tunic and leggings — covering most of the body"(para 13)."Villeneuve-Loubet, a seaside resort of about 14,000, adopted the ban on Aug. ...more
Aug. 9, 2017, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"The mullah sat on the floor, shackled with chains attached to handcuffs, Bahram said, while his young victim kept her face covered with a scarf" (para 26).
Aug. 8, 2017, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Gathered in a tent in the Algerian desert, 30 young women are preparing for a big day many thought they could never afford — a wedding. Draped in beaded fabrics, the women lift their veils so make-up can be applied to their faces and hold out their hands for henna tattoos, the smell of incense wafting through the tent"(para 1-2)."In the evening, the girls will be brought to the grooms’ family homes, lifting their veils to reveal their faces to their new husbands"(para 5)
May 5, 2017, 12:49 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Employers discriminated against members of the Romani minority, and some NGOs reported that many service sector employers did not want to employ Muslim women who wore headscarves in positions that required interaction with customers" (31).
Feb. 2, 2017, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"They kept their dupattas pulled all the way down over their faces, following the medieval tradition of purdah, or veiling" (para 19).
Jan. 27, 2017, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Many families still don’t allow girls to go outside their homes without a male companion or a burqa" (para 3). "Most women wear blue or black burqas that cover their entire bodies and still they are not immune to harassment" (para 6).
Nov. 18, 2016, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"'They [Boko Haram members] married me,' said Hamsatu, 25, a young woman in a black-and-purple head scarf, looking down at the ground"(para 3)."Yahauwa, 30, used her green head scarf to wipe away tears as she clutched a plastic bag full of medicine"(para 12)."Increasingly over the past year, the terrorists have used women and children to carry out suicide bombings against civilian targets like markets.'The Boko Haram would recite the prayer for the dead,' Meriam said. 'Then they would put on the hijab,' covering the suicide belt"(para 38-39)."Back at the Dalori camp, Hamsat, a 16-year-old high school student from Bama who was wearing a delicate pink head scarf, clasped her hands ...more
Nov. 9, 2016, 6:20 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"In places like Iran, women wear a chador, which is a cloak-like garment that also covers the forehead and has no hand openings or clasps"(para 7)
Nov. 9, 2016, 6:19 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"[The burka] covers the head and the body and has a grille that hides the eyes. Traditionally worn by Pashtuns in Afghanistan"(para 6)."The burqa — a niqab with a grille added on to hide the eyes — is traditionally worn by Pashtun women in Afghanistan…enforced by the Taliban"(para 7)
Nov. 9, 2016, 6:19 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"There are no hard numbers of how many Canadian women wear niqabs [which covers the women except for her eyes], hijabs [which hide the ears, hair, and neck] or other Islamic garb. The provinces with the largest number of Muslim women are Ontario (288,025), Quebec (114,615), and Alberta (54,435), according to Statistics Canada’s 2011 household survey"(para 2)."There are 8,495 Muslim women working in Canadian public administration positions. Stephen Harper’s musings about a ban on niqabs in the civil service would affect at best a small number of bureaucrats. Statistics from 2011 show only 1.8 per cent of 257,000 federal employees are Muslim women, and only a small subset of them ...more
Sept. 30, 2016, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Jeddah has the reputation of being less conservative than the capital, Riyadh, with women taking pride in their multicolored abayas, the all-covering gowns that Saudi women mostly wear in black. Hard-liners and moderates are more likely to clash there than elsewhere" (para 17).
Sept. 14, 2016, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

“A woman wearing a niqab in Iran’s Hormozgan province, which has the highest incidence of FGM in the country. Niqabs are only worn in southern provinces” (para 1).
Aug. 18, 2016, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Women wearing a niqab, a type of full veil, walk under a billboard erected by the Islamic State (IS) group as part of a campaign in the IS-controlled Syrian city of Raqqa on November 2"(para 1). This is the caption located underneath the photograph (ENB-Coder Comment)
July 26, 2016, 9:37 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"I had a Saudi Arabian student — a Syrian who lived in Saudi Arabia — who told me that they were entirely covered (wearing the Burqa) because the school they went to said that their faces and everything had to be covered. Even then the men would blow kisses at them when the [school] bus they were riding on stopped at the traffic light" (19).
April 1, 2016, 10:10 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

Starting at 0:19 many women are shown crossing the street and waiting in lines. All of them seem to have at least a headscarf and a few covered their whole faces. Throughout the video women had their hair and or faces (including the eyes in some cases) covered (ENB-CODER COMMENT)
March 31, 2016, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Germany
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"In October 2013, Sarah O [who is half German and half Algerian], 15, did not come home from school in Konstanz, southern Germany. Her father reported her missing two days later. Soon after, she posted pictures of herself on various social-media sites holding a machine gun, wearing a burqa and black gloves. She said she was being trained to use the gun, and that her day consisted of 'Sleeping, eating, shooting, learning, listening to lectures.' She also wrote: 'By the way, I’ve joined al-Qaida [in Syria]'”(para 67)
March 31, 2016, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Back in Avignon, her [Nora el-Bathy's] parents – practising but not strict Muslims – reported Nora missing to the police. Her eldest brother, Fouad, trawled local hospitals convinced she had been in an accident, searched his sister’s bedroom, and examined her Facebook account for clues. There were none, except her hijab, which she had started wearing a few months before, in the wardrobe"(para 27-28)."The el-Bathy family discovered that found she [Nora el-Bathy] had opened a second Facebook account where she was in contact with 'jihad recruiters' in the Paris region and had posted videos of women appealing for recruits to go to Syria. In one picture, a completely veiled woman, ...more
March 31, 2016, 1:32 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Her [Nora el-Bathy's] eldest brother, Fouad, trawled local hospitals convinced she had been in an accident, searched his sister’s bedroom, and examined her Facebook account for clues. There were none, except her hijab, which she had started wearing a few months before [she ran away to Syria], in the wardrobe"(para 28)."The el-Bathy family discovered that found she [Nora el-Bathy] had opened a second Facebook account where she was in contact with 'jihad recruiters' in the Paris region and had posted videos of women appealing for recruits to go to Syria. In one picture, a completely veiled woman, brandishing a Kalashnikov, appeared with the caption: 'Yes, kill! In the name of ...more
March 4, 2016, 9:13 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"In many provinces, burkas are still commonplace, and women rarely work or leave the house without their husbands"(para 22)
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

"There are no dress code requirements in Ukraine, except when in the Ukrainian Orthodox Church or Greek Orthodox Church, which requires that their heads be covered (not their faces), and that they wear a long skirt to enter the building." (10)
Feb. 26, 2016, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"The main forms of violence against women are assault, repudiation, levirate, sororate, early marriage, forced marriage, female genital mutilation, rape and, for some women, the obligation to wear a veil or face covering" (25)