The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for SMES-DATA-1

Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-3

"Nearly 40 per cent of households are run solely by women and, because of a lack of fair income, nearly all these homes suffer from poverty or extreme poverty (FSD, 2014)" (28).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: SMES-DATA-1

"However, those disparities are not great, with a poverty rate of 29.8 per cent for male-headed households and 25.5 per cent for female-headed households" (58).
Jan. 22, 2018, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: SMES-DATA-1

"She said the [single] mothers [who were raped and impregnated by UN peacekeeprs] are extremely impoverished and face discrimination" (para 8). "Six of the [of the women who were raped by UN peacekeepers and impregnated] were left homeless after Hurricane Matthew devastated the island last year and are struggling to bring up their children" (para 11).
Dec. 15, 2017, 10:34 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2, NGOFW-PRACTICE-1, NGOFW-DATA-1

"The Loomba Foundation, another NGO, estimates that 38m widows are extremely poor" (para 4).
Dec. 7, 2017, 7:40 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1, SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2, SMES-DATA-3

"And the impacts [from the oil spill caused by militant groups] on families are dire: Sarah Okolo is doubtful she can raise the startup money for her food stall. On average it takes her twenty minutes to walk to the market, but Okolo worries that her working day would mean her two small children would have to be on their own for too long, and she does not have an arrangement for somebody to watch them for the whole day. This has become an especially important consideration, as she fears her four-year old son has fallen ill from drinking contaminated groundwater. But without much money and limited access to healthcare, ...more
Dec. 5, 2017, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: CIWM-PRACTICE-1, SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2, CLCW-PRACTICE-1, NGOFW-DATA-3

"In Mongolia, 28,107 women beneficiaries were supported with food stamps for 1 year to cushion the impact of the food and fuel crises (ADB 2011d)"(52)
Dec. 5, 2017, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2, LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, LO-DATA-3, NGOFW-DATA-3

"Agricultural work on the land of female-headed households, which generally suffer from chronic shortage of labor, is supported by Ethiopia’s cash-for-work Productive Safety Net Programme (Holmes and Jones 2010, p. 14)"(58)
Nov. 30, 2017, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

"In Pakistan, support was provided in 2009 to the Benazir Income Support Program (now called the National Income Support Program [NISP]), a targeted cash transfer program for female heads of households and adult females of eligible poor households. By 2011, 9 million women had received identity cards and 4.6 million adult females had received cash payments (ADB 2011a). NISP beneficiary families currently number 5.5 million. Additional support of the NISP is proposed, which would broaden its provisions and significantly increase the number of beneficiary families"(51-52)
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:32 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2, CL-DATA-1

"The program [The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program] was designed, in part, to address poor women’s lack of income"(para 54)
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:02 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

"The southwestern province of Yunnan in the People’s Republic of China is poor relative to the national average. Poor women members of ethnic minorities suffer most, with almost no income opportunities outside of agriculture"(58)."In 2009, a pilot project for community-based rural road maintenance by groups of ethnic minority women was launched in western Yunnan Province, with a $200,000 grant from the Asian Development Bank’s Gender and Development Cooperation Fund. The women’s groups numbered 21 and comprised 163 women. Some 55% of of the women were members of ethnic minorities, and 92% were from families living below the poverty line...Some 85% of the cost of the project went to salaries for ...more
Nov. 30, 2017, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: CIWM-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2, CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"According to a recent assessment of the program, 22,756 female headed households benefited from free rice distribution (around 12,000 tons of rice was distributed during the food lean period of late Oct/early Nov 2008); 31,555 girls benefited from a school feeding program; 5,510 girls were awarded scholarships; 6,453 female-headed households had access to a food-for-work program; 127 female volunteer teachers for the early childhood learning centers had access to a monthly rice grant; and 47,150 women (including 8,937 female-headed households) earned an income through a cash-for-work program. Further, a total of 13,841 female headed households benefited from the distribution of quality seeds and subsidized sale of fertilizers"(56)more
Nov. 29, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2, WR-PRACTICE-2

"A study was conducted of 81 schools in the Indian states of Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, and Karnataka, where mid-day meal schemes were introduced in 2002 following an order by the Indian Supreme Court...The program was also found to free mothers from the burden of feeding children at home at mid-day, a benefit especially to widowed mothers who often work outside the home without any domestic support (Drèze and Goyal 2003, p. 4676)"(62)
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

"Institutions that build solidarity among such women [female-headed households and widows] can lessen some of these impacts [lower income and higher food prices], as seen among certain indigenous ethnic groups in the Chittagong Hill Tracts in Bangladesh (Mallick and Rafi 2010)"(12)."Bangladesh’s Challenging the Frontiers of Poverty Reduction—Targeting the Ultra-poor, launched in 2002 by the NGO BRAC, is a prime example of such a program. During its first phase (2002–2006), 100,000 ultra-poor women and their households living in 15 of the most food insecure districts of the country’s 64 districts were supported. The second phase (2007–2011), expanded the program’s reach threefold. The program is of particular interest because of its gender-sensitive ...more
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: SMES-DATA-1

"The frail looking 45-year-old woman [widow] has no documents to prove her rights to her husband’s property in the ancient town of Sankhu. She survives on around 75 cents a day from knitting mufflers and woolen caps"(para 3)."When their husbands die many widows are left destitute. If they remain with their in-laws they may be confined to the house and treated like servants, activists say"(para 15)
Oct. 17, 2017, 7:03 a.m.
Countries: Ghana, India, Kenya, Peru, South Africa
Variables: SMES-DATA-1

"Earnings [among street vendors] also vary according to marital status: widows have the lowest median monthly earnings (68 USD) and those who never married have the highest (101 USD)" (12). This data is based on a survey of street venders that was conducted in Accra Ghana, Ahmedabad, India, Durban, South Africa, Lima, Peru and Nakuru, Kenya (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 16, 2017, 2:25 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: SMES-DATA-1

"Many of the women [in construction work] are single mothers with few resources. They struggle day by day to stand out in jobs mostly occupied by men, and for better working conditions when they are hired" (para 22).
June 28, 2017, 11:15 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

Figure 4.5 shows the percent of households with income below poverty by household type in 2013. For single women with children, 43.1% have an income below the poverty line. For single men with children, 23.6% have an income below poverty. 20.9% of single women without children live below poverty. 17.6% of single men without children live below poverty. 8.5% of married couples with children live below poverty. 4% of married couples without children have an income below poverty (145)
June 16, 2017, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

“More than four in ten households (43.1 percent) headed by single women with children live in poverty, compared with nearly one in four (23.6 percent) households headed by single men with children and fewer than one in ten (8.5 percent) married couples with children. Married couples without children have the lowest poverty rate (4.0 percent)” (143)
June 16, 2017, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

“More than half of single women with children live in poverty in Mississippi (54.4 percent), Kentucky (52.8 percent), Alabama and West Virginia (52.4 percent each), and Louisiana (51.5 percent)” (143)
Dec. 2, 2016, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: SMES-DATA-1

"There is also a high risk of poverty in the unemployed (43.8% in women and 44.8% in men) and tenants (31.8% in women and 27.6% in men). In the 2008–2011 period, the at-risk-of-poverty rate increased for all these groups" (48)
Nov. 30, 2016, 8:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: SMES-DATA-1

"These initiatives have helped to reduce poverty. However, it should be noted that 64.2 per cent of households headed by a woman who does not receive funds transfers are poor, compared to 48 per cent of households headed by a woman who does receive funds transfers" (37).
Sept. 6, 2016, 1:39 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: SMES-DATA-1

"Women withdraw cases of domestic violence after complaining to the police for a variety of reasons...In the current economic climate, they may be unable to support themselves and their children alone....The lack of societal or legal support for victims of domestic violence often leaves women withlittle recourse but to remain in abusive relationships"(42)
Aug. 22, 2016, 8:39 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2, SMES-DATA-3, ATDW-LAW-2

"One-third of all families are headed by females. Two-thirds of those families live below the poverty line. Single mothers with children have status as legal heads of household with full parental authority. In two-parent households, mothers and fathers share authority. Among more traditional families that are subject to customary law, males remain dominant" (1051)
Aug. 16, 2016, 2:05 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

"She [Asha Abdi] added that, in the Isles women’s right to have their contributions back when they are divorced has been ignored some thing which results to most of them to remain living in a total poverty with their children fail to get basic rights"(para 7)
July 26, 2016, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2, SMES-DATA-3

"Data was collected on a total of 6,973 persons, including 1,355 persons under the age of 15 years and 5,618 persons 15 years of age or older. The CALC noted that poor households had a lower share of males between the ages of 15 and 59 than non-poor households. It also noted that the sex distribution of head of household was 49.3 per cent male and 50.7 per cent female. The mean head of household age for males was 54 years and for females 56 years. In relation to poverty status, 11.5 per cent of male headed households were categorised as poor, while 19.4 per cent of female headed households ...more
July 20, 2016, 12:47 a.m.
Countries: Denmark, India, Italy, Japan, Poland, South Africa, Sweden
Variables: SMES-DATA-1

"At one end of the spectrum, transfers in Denmark, Poland and Sweden reduce poverty among single mothers by 70–90 per cent. At the other end, transfers in India, Italy, Japan and South Africa reduce poverty among single mothers by 18–30 per cent" (137).
July 14, 2016, 5:39 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

"Nevertheless, women still constitute the majority of the poor with about 47 per cent of women-headed household poor, compared to the 44 per cent average for all poor households. Women are still disproportionately financially excluded (32.2 per cent female compared to 22.4 per cent for men), without sufficient capital or adequate collateral to obtain loans and other financial services" (33-34)
May 25, 2016, 3:25 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: SMES-DATA-1

According to Figure 8.3, lone female-headed households with children have the highest poverty rate at approximately 10% compared to lone male-headed households with children or households of couples with or without children (163).
May 25, 2016, 3:25 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: SMES-DATA-1

"Greater poverty rates for female-headed households, by more than 5 percentage points, were observed in Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Jamaica, and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela" (162). According to Figure 8.3, lone female-headed households with children have the highest poverty rate at approximately 49% compared to lone male-headed households with children or households of couples with or without children (163).
May 25, 2016, 3:25 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: SMES-DATA-1

According to Figure 8.2, approximately 50% of female-headed households and male-headed households live in poverty (162).