The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for SMES-DATA-1

July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: SMES-DATA-1

"It is concerned, however, that single-parent households headed by women, older women and Roma women, in particular those living in segregated settlements, are at high risk of poverty and that social benefits, allowances and pensions are not providing adequate protection against poverty" (11).
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: SMES-DATA-1

"It is concerned about the inadequate management of development processes, the fragmentation of small programmes for social development, which are insufficiently monitored and evaluated, and the lack of a coherent policy on social protection and compensation programmes for women, especially women heads of households" (13).
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: SMES-DATA-1

"In average, 31% of heads of families in the country are women. Nevertheless, this percentage varies by province, with the South ones representing 54% of the total of heads of families" (7-8). "Poverty indexes in families headed by women are estimated at 58%, a drop of 4 percentage points when compared to the previous year"" (9).
June 4, 2019, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: SMES-DATA-1

"Among households with children, persons in single-parent households (31 per cent) or in multi-person households with three children or more (24 per cent) have the highest poverty risk. More than 25 per cent of all people live in a household where the main breadwinner is a woman. This group includes women who live alone, single mothers and their children as well as persons in families where a woman makes the largest contribution to the household income. The risk of poverty for these households amounts to 20 per cent. Households with a man as the main earner have a risk of 12 per cen" (41).
May 28, 2019, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: SMES-DATA-1

"The fact that, notwithstanding a recent increase, the minimum wage remains low and falls below the poverty line for single mothers with children" (7). "The Committee is concerned that single-parent households headed by women, older women and Roma women face disproportionately high risks of poverty. In that context, it is concerned that the State party’s social benefits, allowances, pensions and social housing measures are inadequate for the protection of such women from poverty. The Committee is also concerned that the absence of a legal framework that ensures the timely payment of alimony exacerbates the situation of single-parent households headed by women" (10).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

"In the past the government enacted regulations to reduce a form of sex tourism in which significant numbers of foreigners, particularly Saudis and Emiratis, entered into temporary marriages with young Yemeni women (as is possible under Islamic law). They then left the bride, frequently pregnant, without means of support, to return to their countries of origin, where they would terminate the temporary marriage" (14).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: SMES-DATA-1

"Women, in particular single mothers, older women, migrant women and women with disabilities, continue to be disproportionately affected by poverty" (15).
April 27, 2019, 9:12 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: SMES-DATA-1

"The Committee welcomes the overall reduction in household poverty in the State party, in line with the recommendations made by the Swiss Conference of Cantonal Ministers of Social Affairs in 2013, but is concerned that: (a) Women, in particular single mothers, older women, divorced rural women, migrant women, unemployed women and women involved in unpaid care work, are disproportionately affected by poverty" (15).
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:45 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: SMES-DATA-1

"Natalie, 31, had just been through what the other women were doing all they could to avoid. She lived with her five children in a house on the edge of the “Punta Brava,” or “crazy hill,” a part of the Antímano slum that owed its nickname to regular shootings. Before the crisis, Natalie could feed her five children, but by the time her sixth child was born in the summer 2017, the situation had deteriorated...Sometimes, Natalie ended up selling some of the sugar in the box to buy cigarettes to sell, and then buy a little more food from that money — often just chicken skin, bones, bananas, and yucca....more
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

“Households headed by single women with children under age 18 are more likely to be poor than those headed by single men or married couples with children. More than four in ten households (43.1 percent) headed by single women with children live in poverty, compared with nearly one in four (23.6 percent) households headed by single men with children and fewer than one in ten (8.5 percent) married couples with children. Married couples without children have the lowest poverty rate (4.0 percent)” (142)
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro

“[single mothers have] particularly difficult economic conditions...[They] often receive no alimony from a child’s father, and about the insufficient support provided to them by the State party and its frequent failure to enforce alimony payments” (15)
April 20, 2018, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

"The Committee notes with concern that women and households headed by women are disproportionately affected by poverty and that women’s pensions and social benefits are, on average, lower than those received by men"(9).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-3

"Nearly 40 per cent of households are run solely by women and, because of a lack of fair income, nearly all these homes suffer from poverty or extreme poverty (FSD, 2014)" (28).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: SMES-DATA-1

"However, those disparities are not great, with a poverty rate of 29.8 per cent for male-headed households and 25.5 per cent for female-headed households" (58).
Jan. 22, 2018, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: SMES-DATA-1

"She said the [single] mothers [who were raped and impregnated by UN peacekeeprs] are extremely impoverished and face discrimination" (para 8). "Six of the [of the women who were raped by UN peacekeepers and impregnated] were left homeless after Hurricane Matthew devastated the island last year and are struggling to bring up their children" (para 11).
Dec. 15, 2017, 10:34 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe

"The Loomba Foundation, another NGO, estimates that 38m widows are extremely poor" (para 4).
Dec. 7, 2017, 7:40 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria

"And the impacts [from the oil spill caused by militant groups] on families are dire: Sarah Okolo is doubtful she can raise the startup money for her food stall. On average it takes her twenty minutes to walk to the market, but Okolo worries that her working day would mean her two small children would have to be on their own for too long, and she does not have an arrangement for somebody to watch them for the whole day. This has become an especially important consideration, as she fears her four-year old son has fallen ill from drinking contaminated groundwater. But without much money and limited access to healthcare,...more
Dec. 5, 2017, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia

"In Mongolia, 28,107 women beneficiaries were supported with food stamps for 1 year to cushion the impact of the food and fuel crises (ADB 2011d)"(52)
Dec. 5, 2017, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia

"Agricultural work on the land of female-headed households, which generally suffer from chronic shortage of labor, is supported by Ethiopia’s cash-for-work Productive Safety Net Programme (Holmes and Jones 2010, p. 14)"(58)
Nov. 30, 2017, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

"In Pakistan, support was provided in 2009 to the Benazir Income Support Program (now called the National Income Support Program [NISP]), a targeted cash transfer program for female heads of households and adult females of eligible poor households. By 2011, 9 million women had received identity cards and 4.6 million adult females had received cash payments (ADB 2011a). NISP beneficiary families currently number 5.5 million. Additional support of the NISP is proposed, which would broaden its provisions and significantly increase the number of beneficiary families"(51-52)
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:32 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2, CL-DATA-1

"The program [The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program] was designed, in part, to address poor women’s lack of income"(para 54)
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:02 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

"The southwestern province of Yunnan in the People’s Republic of China is poor relative to the national average. Poor women members of ethnic minorities suffer most, with almost no income opportunities outside of agriculture"(58)."In 2009, a pilot project for community-based rural road maintenance by groups of ethnic minority women was launched in western Yunnan Province, with a $200,000 grant from the Asian Development Bank’s Gender and Development Cooperation Fund. The women’s groups numbered 21 and comprised 163 women. Some 55% of of the women were members of ethnic minorities, and 92% were from families living below the poverty line...Some 85% of the cost of the project went to salaries for...more
Nov. 30, 2017, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia

"According to a recent assessment of the program, 22,756 female headed households benefited from free rice distribution (around 12,000 tons of rice was distributed during the food lean period of late Oct/early Nov 2008); 31,555 girls benefited from a school feeding program; 5,510 girls were awarded scholarships; 6,453 female-headed households had access to a food-for-work program; 127 female volunteer teachers for the early childhood learning centers had access to a monthly rice grant; and 47,150 women (including 8,937 female-headed households) earned an income through a cash-for-work program. Further, a total of 13,841 female headed households benefited from the distribution of quality seeds and subsidized sale of fertilizers"(56)more
Nov. 29, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India

"A study was conducted of 81 schools in the Indian states of Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, and Karnataka, where mid-day meal schemes were introduced in 2002 following an order by the Indian Supreme Court...The program was also found to free mothers from the burden of feeding children at home at mid-day, a benefit especially to widowed mothers who often work outside the home without any domestic support (Drèze and Goyal 2003, p. 4676)"(62)
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

"Institutions that build solidarity among such women [female-headed households and widows] can lessen some of these impacts [lower income and higher food prices], as seen among certain indigenous ethnic groups in the Chittagong Hill Tracts in Bangladesh (Mallick and Rafi 2010)"(12)."Bangladesh’s Challenging the Frontiers of Poverty Reduction—Targeting the Ultra-poor, launched in 2002 by the NGO BRAC, is a prime example of such a program. During its first phase (2002–2006), 100,000 ultra-poor women and their households living in 15 of the most food insecure districts of the country’s 64 districts were supported. The second phase (2007–2011), expanded the program’s reach threefold. The program is of particular interest because of its gender-sensitive...more
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: SMES-DATA-1

"The frail looking 45-year-old woman [widow] has no documents to prove her rights to her husband’s property in the ancient town of Sankhu. She survives on around 75 cents a day from knitting mufflers and woolen caps"(para 3)."When their husbands die many widows are left destitute. If they remain with their in-laws they may be confined to the house and treated like servants, activists say"(para 15)
Oct. 17, 2017, 7:03 a.m.
Countries: Ghana, India, Kenya, Peru, South Africa
Variables: SMES-DATA-1

"Earnings [among street vendors] also vary according to marital status: widows have the lowest median monthly earnings (68 USD) and those who never married have the highest (101 USD)" (12). This data is based on a survey of street venders that was conducted in Accra Ghana, Ahmedabad, India, Durban, South Africa, Lima, Peru and Nakuru, Kenya (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 16, 2017, 2:25 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: SMES-DATA-1

"Many of the women [in construction work] are single mothers with few resources. They struggle day by day to stand out in jobs mostly occupied by men, and for better working conditions when they are hired" (para 22).
June 28, 2017, 11:15 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

Figure 4.5 shows the percent of households with income below poverty by household type in 2013. For single women with children, 43.1% have an income below the poverty line. For single men with children, 23.6% have an income below poverty. 20.9% of single women without children live below poverty. 17.6% of single men without children live below poverty. 8.5% of married couples with children live below poverty. 4% of married couples without children have an income below poverty (145)
June 16, 2017, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

“More than four in ten households (43.1 percent) headed by single women with children live in poverty, compared with nearly one in four (23.6 percent) households headed by single men with children and fewer than one in ten (8.5 percent) married couples with children. Married couples without children have the lowest poverty rate (4.0 percent)” (143)