The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for SMES-DATA-2

Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"The studies carried out in the social protection sector from the gender perspective (with the support of UNIFEM (now part of UNWomen)) identified several problems in the field. The significant gaps between the employment of women and men indicate a high degree of economic vulnerability of these families: these families are forced to survive on the basis of social allowances, which constitute about 50% of the minimum consumption basket. Women heading single parent families, especially those with children with severe disabilities, are exposed to more social and economic risk than men. In this context, it is very important that the Government recognizes the value of the work (care) performed by ...more
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"It is usually women who are the most affected by those crimes [by the Israeli government], notably when income is cut off because a family member or the breadwinner is killed, imprisoned or injured" (9). "As part of its strategic plans in recent years, the Palestinian Ministry of Public Works and Housing has developed and implemented a number of housing projects to provide decent, sanitary and affordable housing for all citizens, particularly families earning less than the average income, which include poor households headed by women and widows" (55). "the State has streamlined cash assistance programmes into a single programme, namely the Cash Transfers Programme (CTP), which in 2013 assisted ...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"The Knesset has furthered protection of human rights in some fields by specific legislation, including…a law on single-parent families that grants certain benefits to such parents, who are usually women" (14).
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"According to the NCW's Women's Empowerment Strategy 2030 launched in March, 26.3% of female breadwinners in Egypt lived under the poverty line" (para 8).
Dec. 15, 2017, 10:34 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe

"The Loomba Foundation, another NGO, estimates that 38m widows are extremely poor" (para 4).
Dec. 7, 2017, 7:40 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria

"And the impacts [from the oil spill caused by militant groups] on families are dire: Sarah Okolo is doubtful she can raise the startup money for her food stall. On average it takes her twenty minutes to walk to the market, but Okolo worries that her working day would mean her two small children would have to be on their own for too long, and she does not have an arrangement for somebody to watch them for the whole day. This has become an especially important consideration, as she fears her four-year old son has fallen ill from drinking contaminated groundwater. But without much money and limited access to healthcare, ...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"Given the fact that employment rates for women are very low in Turkey, the recommended changes in alimony would mean women without an income should strive to survive in their unhappy marriages to avoid becoming destitute" (para 12) (Coder comment: since mothers choose to stay in unhappy and abusive marriages for the financial support, we can conclude that the economic situation for single, divorced mothers is considerably more difficult than for two-parent and male-headed households - ARR).
Dec. 5, 2017, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia

"In Mongolia, 28,107 women beneficiaries were supported with food stamps for 1 year to cushion the impact of the food and fuel crises (ADB 2011d)"(52)
Dec. 5, 2017, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia

"Agricultural work on the land of female-headed households, which generally suffer from chronic shortage of labor, is supported by Ethiopia’s cash-for-work Productive Safety Net Programme (Holmes and Jones 2010, p. 14)"(58)
Nov. 30, 2017, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

"In Pakistan, support was provided in 2009 to the Benazir Income Support Program (now called the National Income Support Program [NISP]), a targeted cash transfer program for female heads of households and adult females of eligible poor households. By 2011, 9 million women had received identity cards and 4.6 million adult females had received cash payments (ADB 2011a). NISP beneficiary families currently number 5.5 million. Additional support of the NISP is proposed, which would broaden its provisions and significantly increase the number of beneficiary families"(51-52)
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:32 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2, CL-DATA-1

"The program [The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program] was designed, in part, to address poor women’s lack of income"(para 54)
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:02 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

"The southwestern province of Yunnan in the People’s Republic of China is poor relative to the national average. Poor women members of ethnic minorities suffer most, with almost no income opportunities outside of agriculture"(58)."In 2009, a pilot project for community-based rural road maintenance by groups of ethnic minority women was launched in western Yunnan Province, with a $200,000 grant from the Asian Development Bank’s Gender and Development Cooperation Fund. The women’s groups numbered 21 and comprised 163 women. Some 55% of of the women were members of ethnic minorities, and 92% were from families living below the poverty line...Some 85% of the cost of the project went to salaries for ...more
Nov. 30, 2017, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia

"According to a recent assessment of the program, 22,756 female headed households benefited from free rice distribution (around 12,000 tons of rice was distributed during the food lean period of late Oct/early Nov 2008); 31,555 girls benefited from a school feeding program; 5,510 girls were awarded scholarships; 6,453 female-headed households had access to a food-for-work program; 127 female volunteer teachers for the early childhood learning centers had access to a monthly rice grant; and 47,150 women (including 8,937 female-headed households) earned an income through a cash-for-work program. Further, a total of 13,841 female headed households benefited from the distribution of quality seeds and subsidized sale of fertilizers"(56)more
Nov. 29, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India

"A study was conducted of 81 schools in the Indian states of Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, and Karnataka, where mid-day meal schemes were introduced in 2002 following an order by the Indian Supreme Court...The program was also found to free mothers from the burden of feeding children at home at mid-day, a benefit especially to widowed mothers who often work outside the home without any domestic support (Drèze and Goyal 2003, p. 4676)"(62)
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

"Institutions that build solidarity among such women [female-headed households and widows] can lessen some of these impacts [lower income and higher food prices], as seen among certain indigenous ethnic groups in the Chittagong Hill Tracts in Bangladesh (Mallick and Rafi 2010)"(12)."Bangladesh’s Challenging the Frontiers of Poverty Reduction—Targeting the Ultra-poor, launched in 2002 by the NGO BRAC, is a prime example of such a program. During its first phase (2002–2006), 100,000 ultra-poor women and their households living in 15 of the most food insecure districts of the country’s 64 districts were supported. The second phase (2007–2011), expanded the program’s reach threefold. The program is of particular interest because of its gender-sensitive ...more
Nov. 3, 2017, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"The police arrested her husband only once, in 2014, after he broke her nose while she was pregnant. A doctor issued a medical certificate indicating that she needed 21 days of rest for her injuries. Khadija showed the medical certificate to the prosecutor, who gave her an order to present to the police. She did, and the police arrested her husband. But before the case could proceed, Khadija dropped her complaint as she was seven months pregnant and worried what would happen to her if he was tried"(8)
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"The frail looking 45-year-old woman [widow] has no documents to prove her rights to her husband’s property in the ancient town of Sankhu. She survives on around 75 cents a day from knitting mufflers and woolen quakes in April and May 2015 killed some 9,000 people in the Himalayan nation, leaving many women to fend for themselves in a country where widows face hostility, abuse, discrimination and even enslavement.Mina Adhikari says her life was shattered after she lost her school teacher husband in the disaster. She is now struggling to bring up their two sons alone"(para 3-5)."She [Lily Thapa, chief of Women for Human Rights] said many widows lacked ...more
Oct. 20, 2017, 10 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"After her husband’s death, she received a pension of 7,500 afghanis ($120) a month. But a year later that money stopped, she said—the government isn’t sure why—forcing her to ask for her brothers’ help to feed her children" (para 3). "The Afghan Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs, Martyred and Disabled says it pays benefits to the roughly 80,000 war widows who have registered to receive them. Wives of fallen soldiers, policemen or other government employees are entitled to a regular stipend equal to their spouses’ salaries, while widows of civilians killed in attacks are permitted 5,000 afghanis a month. But the number receiving benefits is far below the actual number ...more
Sept. 29, 2017, 8:25 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"As the leader of the rural women’s grassroots organization, Xiufang helps rural women call for change to traditional village rules and regulations; Zhoushan Village was the first village in the country to successfully enhance the gender sensitivity of village regulations. Clauses safeguarding the entitlement to village welfare for divorced or widowed women were also incorporated into the regulations"(para 5)
Aug. 14, 2017, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"Traffickers, called enganchadores, lurk in migrant shelters on the prowl for potential victims, often young female migrants travelling alone with their children...It usually starts with a trafficker befriending a migrant, showering her with gifts, kind words and offers of help to cross into the United States and pretending to fall in love with the woman, even marrying her, Rigoni said.'The new boyfriend takes them out for dinner, treats them well for a couple of nights ... Then by the third night a car without number plates and blacked-out windows comes and snatches them away,' he said"(para 10, 15-16)
Aug. 14, 2017, 8:43 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"As for Dita, her husband eventually left her. Since then, she has been selling homemade meals to make ends meet. Still, it is difficult to get by. She is considering returning to her hometown in Bandung, West Java, to live with her parents" (para 21-22).
Aug. 9, 2017, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"Women’s secured rights to land and property promotes their access to bank loans, which in turn can be used to raise agricultural productivity. In fact, depending on the geographical location, the Government has been exempting 25-50 percent tax registration when a woman owns land and property. In case of a single woman, 35 percent tax is exempted". The daughter says this at 0:32 (ENB-Coder Comment)
July 3, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"The Committee is, however, concerned at reports of poverty among women, in particular women heads of households, widows, women with disabilities and older women" (13)
June 28, 2017, 11:15 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

Figure 4.5 shows the percent of households with income below poverty by household type in 2013. For single women with children, 43.1% have an income below the poverty line. For single men with children, 23.6% have an income below poverty. 20.9% of single women without children live below poverty. 17.6% of single men without children live below poverty. 8.5% of married couples with children live below poverty. 4% of married couples without children have an income below poverty (145)
June 16, 2017, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

“More than four in ten households (43.1 percent) headed by single women with children live in poverty, compared with nearly one in four (23.6 percent) households headed by single men with children and fewer than one in ten (8.5 percent) married couples with children. Married couples without children have the lowest poverty rate (4.0 percent)” (143)
June 16, 2017, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

“More than half of single women with children live in poverty in Mississippi (54.4 percent), Kentucky (52.8 percent), Alabama and West Virginia (52.4 percent each), and Louisiana (51.5 percent)” (143)
June 6, 2017, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

“'Life is harder than during the war… we’re all women on our own with no one to help us'” (1). This is a quote from a war widow at 2:51 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "'If the boats don’t go out to sea, my family will be stranded. It’ll be difficult that day. When the bad weather comes, we starve'” (1). This is a quote from a war widow at 3:53 in the film who supports herself on sorting fish and makes at most a few dollars a day and a few fish (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). “'When my daughter needs her fees, I have to run around and beg people ...more
May 24, 2017, 5:32 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands

“The 2010 CEDAW report drew attention on the fact that female divorcees, as well as single mothers, are a particularly vulnerable group in the Netherlands, in the sense that they are more likely to fall into poverty after the dissolution of the marriage” (para 7).
May 2, 2017, 11:04 a.m.
Countries: Moldova

“Romani women who are single mothers, divorced or widowed face difficulties in securing their rights to housing and land” (16).
March 24, 2017, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"Very poor female heads of household in urban areas also often faced limited employment opportunities, working in domestic labor, sales, and as merchants" (26).