The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for SMES-DATA-2

July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"The current government laws and policies do not recognize women as farmers, other than that they could be considered only as agriculture labours. So, de facto, their access to agricultural credit is blocked, and for the women-headed households this is a formidable impediment. The availability of micro-credit provides an alternative to this situation; however, one has to remember the high interest rate of micro-credit and relatively short cycle of loan repayment with which most of the poor households struggle with. This is besides the total loan amount which is usually small and often insufficient to meet the expenses for necessary agricultural investments" (17).
June 7, 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"The legal framework of housing of social interest considers women’s role as head of household. Women headed households represent 58 per cent of beneficiaries that were allocated houses by the program Housing for All (676)" (33).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

"In the past the government enacted regulations to reduce a form of sex tourism in which significant numbers of foreigners, particularly Saudis and Emiratis, entered into temporary marriages with young Yemeni women (as is possible under Islamic law). They then left the bride, frequently pregnant, without means of support, to return to their countries of origin, where they would terminate the temporary marriage" (14).
May 9, 2019, 3:13 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"In the areas of education, health and housing the social safety nets such as the Single Parent Assistance Programme (SPAP), the Public Assistance Programme (PAP), the Special Circumstances Programme (SCP), school uniform vouchers for all nursery and primary school children attending public educational institutions were expanded during the period under review. In the case of the SPAP and PAP, single mothers are assisted to participate in training programs designed for women entrepreneurs. Funding for this programme totalled GYD 25 million each year between 2011 and 2014. Other initiatives like the SCP and the school uniform and school feeding programmes directly benefit children. Consequently these temporary measures significantly assist women and...more
April 25, 2019, 9:05 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: SMES-DATA-2, CL-LAW-1

"According to Federal Law No. 2 of 2001, monthly assistance is provided to the following categories of UAE nationals residing within the UAE: widows, abandoned women, UAE national women married to expatriate men who cannot earn a living for reasons beyond their control" (Para 5).
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"The Committee notes the development of a national poverty reduction strategy and a national housing strategy by the State party. Nevertheless, it is concerned that women continue to experience significant levels of poverty, homelessness and hunger in the State party, especially indigenous women, Afro-Canadian women, women of immigrant origin, women with disabilities, older women and single mothers" (16).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"Households headed by women were overrepresented in the lowest quarter of income distribution" (para 134).
March 18, 2019, 9:18 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: SMES-DATA-2, WR-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-2

In Afghanistan, "Widows cannot work, like most women in traditional areas, and any inheritance or property would go to her husband’s brothers, not to his widow or children."
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"According to an assessment of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the World Bank (WB) done in 2012, 80 per cent of female-headed households are poor households" (Pg 34).
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"The Committee is concerned, however, at: . . . (c) The lack of specific information on measures taken to address the indirect costs of education, which partly account for the high rate at which girls, in particular girls from female-headed households, are dropping out of school" (page 9) (Coder comment: this suggests that female-headed households are less wealthy than male-headed households, or at least that they have less money available for education - ARR). "The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to implement strategies aimed at poverty reduction, such as a targeted conditional cash transfer programme and a microenterprise loan facility. It is concerned, however, at: (a) The lack of...more
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"Women lose economic and job opportunities due to development projects, which employ mostly men and which use up arable land. Drug use also places burdens on women to provide economically for fractured families, often forcing women to choose exploitation to secure livelihood. Women and children are also left behind as a result of conflict, forcing women to assume livelihood responsibility for the family" (page 18).
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:45 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"Darling was up at 4:30 a.m... breastfeeding her 1-year-old baby in the one-bedroom house she shared with her three children and her sick mother, in the El Junquito slum in western Caracas, Venezuela" (para 1)
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"Choosing to keep her baby and become a single mother rather than get an abortion is a huge gamble in a country like Egypt, where the stakes are incredibly high: a tarnished reputation, exposure to insults and even the risk of detention" (para. 8). This situation can affect directly many opportunities to single mothers, incluiding their economic status. (JSM - coder comment).
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: SMES-DATA-2, WR-PRACTICE-1

"The UN reported that displaced women, widows, and female-headed households were particularly vulnerable to abuse" (para 253)
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:56 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"Anecdotal evidence suggests that at least 80 percent of Thailand’s sex workers are single mothers, and all are supporting some combination of parents, grandparents, and sometimes siblings with their sex work. The national wage is currently set at 300 Thai baht (about $8) per day. According to Hilton, even the lowest-paid sex workers can bring home twice that much" (para 12).
Sept. 4, 2018, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"Despite being responsible for 53 percent of all economic activity in the country, including 75 percent of all agricultural labor, three-quarters of households headed by a woman were 'poor' or 'very poor'" (35).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"Households headed by women were predominately in the lowest quarter of income distribution" (17).
Aug. 31, 2018, 11:40 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

“There are . . . reports of increasing rates of poverty among single mothers” (15)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: SMES-DATA-2, CL-DATA-1

“IWPR analysis of data from the Current Population Survey (U.S. Department of Commerce 2014a) indicates that 14.5 percent of women aged 18 and older in 2013 had family incomes that placed them below the federal poverty line, compared with 11.0 percent of men” (139)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

“In half of all families, [women] are the sole provider or, in married couples, contribute at least 40 percent of family earnings” (95)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

“Immigrant women are more likely than U.S.-born women to live in poverty (19.7 percent compared with 14.7 percent). Among the ten largest sending countries, immigrant women from the Dominican Republic (30.3 percent), Mexico (30.0 percent), Cuba (22.6 percent), and El Salvador (20.8 percent) have the highest poverty rates” (xxi)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

“Single women and women who live with (but are not married to) a different-sex partner have much higher poverty rates, at 24.5 and 14.3 percent, respectively” (xxi)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

“The median annual earnings for women who live with a same-sex partner ($48,000) are considerably lower than those of men who live with a same-sex partner ($58,000) and lower than married men in different-sex households ($56,000), but higher than earnings for married women in different-sex households ($42,000) and women who live in a cohabiting relationship with a different sex partner ($33,000).10 Women living with a same-sex partner also have higher earnings than men cohabiting with a different-sex partner ($38,000)” (134)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

“Women who live with a same-sex partner are more likely to live in poverty than women married to men (7.4 percent compared with 6.2 percent) and men living with a same-sex partner (3.5 percent). Single women and women who live with (but are not married to) a different-sex partner have much higher poverty rates at 24.5 and 14.3 percent, respectively” (135)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

“In married families with children, over a third of wives (37 percent) earn at least 40 percent of the couple’s joint earnings” (95)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

“Households headed by single women with children under age 18 are more likely to be poor than those headed by single men or married couples with children. More than four in ten households (43.1 percent) headed by single women with children live in poverty, compared with nearly one in four (23.6 percent) households headed by single men with children and fewer than one in ten (8.5 percent) married couples with children. Married couples without children have the lowest poverty rate (4.0 percent)” (142)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

“Single mothers are a slight majority of female breadwinners (51 percent of mothers who make at least 40 percent of household income)” (95)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

“Older women (11.3 percent) are also more likely than their male counterparts (7.4 percent) to live in poverty” (xxi)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

“Women who live with a same-sex partner have higher median annual earnings and levels of education than both married women in different-sex households and women who live in a cohabiting relationship with a different-sex partner. Yet, approximately 7.4 percent of women who live with a same-sex partner are poor, compared with 6.2 percent of women married to men” (xxi)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

“The percent of women in poverty has increased over the past decade. In 2013, 14.5 percent of women had family incomes below the federal poverty line, compared with 12.1 percent in 2002 (yet during this time, assistance to low-income families has increased, but this assistance is generally not measured in the official poverty rate)” (xx)