The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for SMES-DATA-2

Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"Despite being responsible for 53 percent of all economic activity in the country, including 75 percent of all agricultural labor, three-quarters of households headed by a woman were 'poor' or 'very poor'" (35).
July 18, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"Households headed by women were predominately in the lowest quarter of income distribution" (17).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"The Committee is concerned about the high poverty rate among women" (13)
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: SMES-DATA-2, SMES-DATA-3

"The Committee is further concerned about the common practice of fathers denying the paternity of their biological children, leading to the general failure of men to meet their parental obligations and resulting in the poverty of the numerous female-headed households and the children concerned" (16).
May 5, 2018, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"The Committee is concerned that austerity measures, in particular the reduction in child allowances and pension benefits, have had a disproportionate effect on women, given that they are the main recipients of the social services provided by the welfare State. It is also concerned that low levels of social benefits and very strict eligibility criteria result in a situation in which many women living in poverty, in particular single mothers, older women and those without previous employment, are excluded from social protection" (12).
April 20, 2018, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

"The Committee notes with concern that women and households headed by women are disproportionately affected by poverty and that women’s pensions and social benefits are, on average, lower than those received by men"(9).
April 16, 2018, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"Anecdotal evidence suggests that at least 80 percent of Thailand’s sex workers are single mothers, and all are supporting some combination of parents, grandparents, and sometimes siblings with their sex work. The national wage is currently set at 300 Thai baht (about $8) per day. According to Hilton, even the lowest-paid sex workers can bring home twice that much" (para 12).
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"Women, in particular single mothers, older women, divorced rural women, migrant women, unemployed women and women involved in unpaid care work, are disproportionately affected by poverty" (Pg 16).
April 10, 2018, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"The Committee notes the adoption of a substrategy on promoting women’s economic opportunities and leadership in 2014, but it remains concerned at the persistence of poverty among women, in particular in rural areas and among female-headed households, as well as at women’s limited access to property, financial credit and mortgages. The Committee is also concerned at the lack of targeted measures to ensure that older women and women with disabilities can participate in decision-making in and benefit from the implementation of development projects" (Pg 10). "The Committee is concerned at the lack of public policies and measures to protect the rights of women and girls with disabilities, including their rights...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

Table 4: Increase in the numbers of those entitled to social assistance (2010-2013) indicates that more widows and divorcees are entitled to social assistance from the government. In 2013, there were 1,858 widows and 11,942 divorcees entitled to social assistance (10). "Housing welfare: The Government has established a housing fund to support certain groups of women, including divorcées, widows, unmarried women and women married to non-Kuwaitis. The fund sets easy terms for women to obtain their housing welfare rights so that no Kuwaiti women shall be denied the right to housing welfare, regardless of family or social situation or age" (11). This demonstrates that the government is seeking to help...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: SMES-DATA-2, LO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that most women, especially in rural areas, have limited or no access to training opportunities, financial credit and loans, including to steady income, pension and social security schemes, in the State party. It is also concerned that single women heads of households, in particular in rural areas, are more at risk of poverty. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Repeal all legislation that discriminates against women’s economic empowerment; (b) Adopt measures to ensure equal access for women and men to training opportunities, such as vocational training and financial resources, including income-generating opportunities, credit and loans, pension and social benefits schemes; (c) Conduct capacity-building programmes...more
April 2, 2018, 8:19 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"The Committee commends the State party for its economic growth, redistribution of wealth and eradication of extreme poverty, but is concerned about the persistence of poverty in female-headed households" (11).
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: SMES-DATA-2, ATDW-LAW-1, ATDW-LAW-5

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to regulate customary marriages by developing a bill on the recognition of customary marriages and to introduce the no-fault divorce regime under the proposed divorce bill. The Committee nevertheless notes that the Flexible Land Tenure Act of 2012, which addresses in part the joint ownership of marital property, is applicable only to persons who are married in community of property. It also notes that women in de facto unions regularly face economic hardship upon the dissolution of their relationships. The Committee recalls its general recommendation No. 29 on article 16 of the Convention (economic consequences of marriage, family relations and their dissolution) and...more
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3, SMES-DATA-2, CWC-DATA-3, WR-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is concerned about the situation of women heads of households, widows, refugees and women with disabilities, who often suffer multiple forms of discrimination, especially with regard to access to land, education, employment, adequate housing, health care and social services" (15).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

“The regulations governing the housing subsidy entitle every male or female who is responsible for a family to apply to obtain one of the housing subsidy products available according to the rules and the priority points assigned to each application…Women, whether in their capacity as family members or sole providers, will be beneficiaries of the housing subsidy programmes on a par with men. The regulations assign higher priority points to a woman who is a sole provider than to a man who is a sole provider to help her obtain an appropriate housing subsidy product for her family” (45).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"The Life Insurance Program for Female Heads of Family gives peace of mind to 6.2 million female heads of family in conditions of poverty or vulnerability" (page 35).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"The studies carried out in the social protection sector from the gender perspective (with the support of UNIFEM (now part of UNWomen)) identified several problems in the field. The significant gaps between the employment of women and men indicate a high degree of economic vulnerability of these families: these families are forced to survive on the basis of social allowances, which constitute about 50% of the minimum consumption basket. Women heading single parent families, especially those with children with severe disabilities, are exposed to more social and economic risk than men. In this context, it is very important that the Government recognizes the value of the work (care) performed by...more
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"It is usually women who are the most affected by those crimes [by the Israeli government], notably when income is cut off because a family member or the breadwinner is killed, imprisoned or injured" (9). "As part of its strategic plans in recent years, the Palestinian Ministry of Public Works and Housing has developed and implemented a number of housing projects to provide decent, sanitary and affordable housing for all citizens, particularly families earning less than the average income, which include poor households headed by women and widows" (55). "the State has streamlined cash assistance programmes into a single programme, namely the Cash Transfers Programme (CTP), which in 2013 assisted...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"The Knesset has furthered protection of human rights in some fields by specific legislation, including…a law on single-parent families that grants certain benefits to such parents, who are usually women" (14).
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"According to the NCW's Women's Empowerment Strategy 2030 launched in March, 26.3% of female breadwinners in Egypt lived under the poverty line" (para 8).
Dec. 15, 2017, 10:34 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2, NGOFW-PRACTICE-1, NGOFW-DATA-1

"The Loomba Foundation, another NGO, estimates that 38m widows are extremely poor" (para 4).
Dec. 7, 2017, 7:40 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1, SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2, SMES-DATA-3

"And the impacts [from the oil spill caused by militant groups] on families are dire: Sarah Okolo is doubtful she can raise the startup money for her food stall. On average it takes her twenty minutes to walk to the market, but Okolo worries that her working day would mean her two small children would have to be on their own for too long, and she does not have an arrangement for somebody to watch them for the whole day. This has become an especially important consideration, as she fears her four-year old son has fallen ill from drinking contaminated groundwater. But without much money and limited access to healthcare,...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"Given the fact that employment rates for women are very low in Turkey, the recommended changes in alimony would mean women without an income should strive to survive in their unhappy marriages to avoid becoming destitute" (para 12) (Coder comment: since mothers choose to stay in unhappy and abusive marriages for the financial support, we can conclude that the economic situation for single, divorced mothers is considerably more difficult than for two-parent and male-headed households - ARR).
Dec. 5, 2017, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: CIWM-PRACTICE-1, SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2, CLCW-PRACTICE-1, NGOFW-DATA-3

"In Mongolia, 28,107 women beneficiaries were supported with food stamps for 1 year to cushion the impact of the food and fuel crises (ADB 2011d)"(52)
Dec. 5, 2017, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2, LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, LO-DATA-3, NGOFW-DATA-3

"Agricultural work on the land of female-headed households, which generally suffer from chronic shortage of labor, is supported by Ethiopia’s cash-for-work Productive Safety Net Programme (Holmes and Jones 2010, p. 14)"(58)
Nov. 30, 2017, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

"In Pakistan, support was provided in 2009 to the Benazir Income Support Program (now called the National Income Support Program [NISP]), a targeted cash transfer program for female heads of households and adult females of eligible poor households. By 2011, 9 million women had received identity cards and 4.6 million adult females had received cash payments (ADB 2011a). NISP beneficiary families currently number 5.5 million. Additional support of the NISP is proposed, which would broaden its provisions and significantly increase the number of beneficiary families"(51-52)
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:32 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2, CL-DATA-1

"The program [The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program] was designed, in part, to address poor women’s lack of income"(para 54)
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:02 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2

"The southwestern province of Yunnan in the People’s Republic of China is poor relative to the national average. Poor women members of ethnic minorities suffer most, with almost no income opportunities outside of agriculture"(58)."In 2009, a pilot project for community-based rural road maintenance by groups of ethnic minority women was launched in western Yunnan Province, with a $200,000 grant from the Asian Development Bank’s Gender and Development Cooperation Fund. The women’s groups numbered 21 and comprised 163 women. Some 55% of of the women were members of ethnic minorities, and 92% were from families living below the poverty line...Some 85% of the cost of the project went to salaries for...more
Nov. 30, 2017, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: CIWM-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2, CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"According to a recent assessment of the program, 22,756 female headed households benefited from free rice distribution (around 12,000 tons of rice was distributed during the food lean period of late Oct/early Nov 2008); 31,555 girls benefited from a school feeding program; 5,510 girls were awarded scholarships; 6,453 female-headed households had access to a food-for-work program; 127 female volunteer teachers for the early childhood learning centers had access to a monthly rice grant; and 47,150 women (including 8,937 female-headed households) earned an income through a cash-for-work program. Further, a total of 13,841 female headed households benefited from the distribution of quality seeds and subsidized sale of fertilizers"(56)more
Nov. 29, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2, WR-PRACTICE-2

"A study was conducted of 81 schools in the Indian states of Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, and Karnataka, where mid-day meal schemes were introduced in 2002 following an order by the Indian Supreme Court...The program was also found to free mothers from the burden of feeding children at home at mid-day, a benefit especially to widowed mothers who often work outside the home without any domestic support (Drèze and Goyal 2003, p. 4676)"(62)