The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-LAW-1

Oct. 5, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Act on Combating Trafficking in Persons, in 2011...State target programme to combat trafficking, in 2016" (Pg 2).
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The legal age of consent is 18. There is no statutory rape law, but the penalty for rape of a minor under age 12 is 15 to 20 years’ imprisonment and nine to 13 years’ imprisonment if the victim is age 13 or older...Penalties for facilitating child prostitution are 10 to 15 years in prison and fines ranging from approximately one million to 2.5 million lempiras ($45,450 to $113,600). The law prohibits the use of children under age 18 for exhibitions or performances of a sexual nature and in the production of pornography" (para 117)
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor--including slavery, indebtedness, and trafficking in persons--but the government did not effectively monitor or enforce the law" (para 294)
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The initial report states that Omani society rejects the trafficking and exploitation of women in prostitution as such trafficking and exploitation violate religious teachings, customs and traditions. The legislation and measures that have been adopted concretize this moral obligation" (pg 14). "The Sultanate’s initial national report stated that Oman is largely free of human trafficking and the exploitation of women in prostitution. The Sultanate is continuing efforts to counter such problems, which appear from time to time due to illegal immigration. It strengthened procedures for granting work or visit permits to preclude the importation of women for trafficking or prostitution. The Sultanate continues to enforce the Law on the Combating...more
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Prevention of Human Trafficking Act also prohibits child trafficking, but for some forms it requires the acts of exploitation be predicated on movement and does not criminalize it in the absence of coercion" (21). "The Prevention of Human Trafficking Act, which prohibits many, but not all, forms of labor trafficking, provides for penalties of up to 10 years’ imprisonment..." (25).
Sept. 10, 2018, 9:57 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"While forced marriage is among the acts prohibited under human trafficking EU law adopted by Britain in 2013, the legal provision has not translated to policy" (para. 17).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-1

"Penalties for recruiting children or persons with disabilities into prostitution are imprisonment from one to five years. If the child is under the age of 13, the term of imprisonment is four to six years. The same sentence applies to those who seek to victimize children through prostitution. The penalty for pimping children into prostitution is imprisonment from four to six years. If the minor is under 13, the term of imprisonment is five to 10 years" (14). "The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor including by children. The government effectively enforced the law. It maintained strong prevention efforts, although the efforts focused more on forced prostitution...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The order further prevents public defenders from representing those charged in cases of drug trafficking, organized crime, human trafficking, and sexual abuse of minors" (8).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Act No. 20507 (2011) on human trafficking, which includes definitions of the offences of trafficking and smuggling of migrants" (2).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"In terms of domestic law, Costa Rica passed laws relating to the strengthening of public institutions, gender violence, trafficking in persons, femicide, social responsibilities in raising children, special population groups, and some of an economic nature. These include: ...3) Law 9095 of 8 February 2013 the Human Trafficking Act, and establishment of the National Coalition against Migrant Smuggling and Human Trafficking (CONATT)..." (10). "In February 2013, the Human Trafficking Act and the creation of the National Coalition against Illegal Migrant Smuggling and Human Trafficking (CONATT) (Law 1995) entered into force, which prohibits all forms of human trafficking and imposes prison sentences of between 4 and 20 years..." (19-20). "Since 2013,...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"Although woman’s empowerment has been at the top of Egypt’s priorities during the past decade, with legislative changes and a large number of initiatives – for example, anti-trafficking and anti-harassment laws, and the women’s quota in the Egyptian parliament - still girls and women face enormous challenges in the country" (para 1).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Although the Indian Parliament passed a strong anti-rape law while also making human trafficking, acid attacks and stalking stringently punishable, it hasn’t translated into diminishing crimes against women" (para 9).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Child prostitution is illegal, with a penalty of imprisonment with labor for up to five years or a fine of up to three million yen ($28,300) for adult offenders and penalties of up to seven years’ imprisonment and fines of up to 10 million yen ($94,300) for traffickers" (17).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:06 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Child prostitution is illegal, with a penalty of imprisonment with labor for up to five years or a fine of up to three million yen ($28,300) for adult offenders and penalties of up to seven years’ imprisonment and fines of up to 10 million yen ($94,300) for traffickers" (17).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:05 a.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Congress of the Mexican state of Tabasco quietly enacted a ban on surrogacy for foreigners on January 19, 2016" (para 1).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Further, the law makes it an offense punishable by seven years’ imprisonment to assist a person under 18 in providing commercial sexual services; to receive earnings from commercial sexual services provided by a person younger than 18; or to contract for commercial sexual services from, or be a client of, a person under 18. The law also makes it an offense to deal in individuals younger than 18 for sexual exploitation or engagement in enforced labor. The penalty for a person who enters into an arrangement or takes an action involving a person under 18 for the purposes of sexual exploitation or forced labor is 14 years’ imprisonment" (9).more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"In 2003, Nigeria passed its first law prohibiting human trafficking" (para 21).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law does not allow bail for suspects in cases involving charges of...human trafficking, or other violent offenses where the accused might pose a public safety risk" (6).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law also imposes heavy penalties on persons convicted of sexually exploiting persons younger than 18 years, including for pimping, trafficking, and other sexual crimes against children" (40). "Penalties for conviction under the amended anti-TIP laws range from four years to life imprisonment and a fine of 80,000 to 400,000 baht ($2,220 to $11,090). The amended anti-TIP law also provides protection to whistle blowers and gives authoritative power to halt operations temporarily or suspend licenses of businesses and vehicles involved in human trafficking. Nonetheless, the lack of clarity in law and practice on what constitutes forced labor or debt bondage undermined the government’s efforts to identify labor trafficking victims and...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved, since the consideration in 2006 of the fifth periodic report of the State party (CEDAW/C/THA/CO/5), in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following: … Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act, in 2008, and revisions thereof, in 2015 and 2017" (1-2).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The penalties for sexual offenses against children and the commercial sexual exploitation of children range up to life imprisonment. Released persons convicted of sexual offenses must register with police and notify police any time they change their name or address, or travel outside the UK" (18).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The constitution and the Employment Act prohibit forced or compulsory labor, and section 102 of the Penal Code prohibits slavery and human trafficking" (15).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:43 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the forced prostitution and corruption of minors. Penalties range from three to 30 years’ imprisonment in the case of sex trafficking of girls" (32).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Law on Human Trafficking, which explicitly prohibits forced labour and sexual exploitation, in 2011" (2).
Sept. 4, 2018, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-1

"Persons charged with facilitating the prostitution of a child often were also charged with statutory rape. A parent or guardian who causes or allows a child under age 18 to associate with or become a prostitute may face up to 10 years in prison" (38).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits exploiting children in prostitution and penalizes perpetrators with five to 12 years in prison...Involvement in child sex tourism is punishable by four to 10 years in prison" (20).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law against trafficking in persons, which includes forced labor, prescribes penalties of 16 to 20 years’ imprisonment for human traffickers" (23).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Although against the law, the commercial sexual exploitation of children less than 18 years old was a problem" (20).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits subjecting a child to any social or customary practice that is harmful to health or general development. Prohibited practices included child trafficking, forced labor, forced marriage or betrothal, and use of children as security for loans or other debts" (18)."Although the maximum penalties for child abduction and child trafficking under the Child Care, Protection and Justice Act are 10 years and life in prison respectively, the defendant was ordered to pay 160,000 MKW ($280) in fines" (19).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"In December 2014 the government passed updated antitrafficking legislation that broadens the scope of the previous legislation to cover sexual exploitation, labor trafficking, forced labor, forced begging, and debt bondage. Penalties for trafficking offenses range from two to five years’ imprisonment and a fine of one to 10 million ariary ($304 to $ 3,040). Trafficking crimes against children are punishable by five to 10 years’ imprisonment and a fine of two million to 10 million ariary ($608 to $3,040)" (19). "Antitrafficking legislation passed in December 2014, however, provides a penalty of forced labor for the recruitment and incitement to prostitution involving a child under age 18, the sexual exploitation of...more