The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-LAW-1

Sept. 11, 2020, 8:52 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, GEW-PRACTICE-1, GEW-PRACTICE-3

"Migrants and asylum seekers who are captured at sea and returned to Libyan territory are placed in detention under the GNA Interior Ministry, where many suffer inhumane conditions including beatings, sexual violence, extortion, forced labor, and inadequate medical treatment, food and water. The Department for Combating Illegal Migration (DCIM), under the GNA Interior Ministry, manages the formal migrant detention centers, while smugglers and traffickers run informal ones" (para 34).
Aug. 12, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Mauritania abolished slavery in 1981, the world's last country to do so, and criminalized it in 2007" (para 20).
July 28, 2020, noon
Countries: Argentina
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The sanction of a law regarding trafficking (23.364) is an advance as it considers trafficking in persons a federal offense. Nonetheless, it is defficient as it considers that women 18 and older are not victims of traffickingg because it is understood that they gave their consent. These victims have to provide proof, despite the dace that in this situation, finding proof can prove to be impossible" (2).
June 23, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, TRAFF-LAW-1, PW-LAW-1

"At present, the Criminal Code provides for punishment for the following acts of a violent nature: assault (art. 116), torture (art. 117), trafficking in persons (art. 130), recruitment of persons for the purpose of sexual or other exploitation (art. 132), rape (art. 138), sexual violence (art. 139), sexual coercion (art. 140), sexual intercourse or other sexual acts with a person under the age of 16 (art. 141), indecent acts (art. 142), bigamy or polygamy (art. 170), incitement to prostitution (art. 238), establishment or keeping of brothels, procurement or living off the earnings of prostitution (art. 239), among others" (8-9).
June 23, 2020, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"(b) Amendments to the Penal Code criminalizing all forms of trafficking in persons, in 2012" (2).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Penalties for conviction of sexual exploitation of a child include fines and imprisonment of up to 20 years" (27).
May 21, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The State of Guatemala issued Decree No. 9-2009, ‘Law against Sexual Violence, Exploitation and Trafficking in Persons’, the VET Law. The purpose of the Law is to prevent, suppress, punish and eliminate sexual violence, exploitation and trafficking in persons and to ensure that victims receive care and protection and are compensated for harm" (20).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, PRN-LAW-1

"Organic Law No. 01/2012/OL of 2 May 2012 instituting the Penal Code, which prohibits the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography;" (2).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The 1961 Suppression of Prostitution Ordinance and portions of the penal code are intended to protect children from sexual exploitation though socioeconomic vulnerabilities led to the sexual exploitation of children, including sex trafficking, and authorities did not regularly enforce these laws" (43).
March 16, 2020, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Since the Anti-Human Trafficking and Abduction Laws were passed in 2008, AWN and other civil-society advocacy groups have acknowledged the value of the initiatives undertaken by the Ministry of Justice." (8).
Feb. 15, 2020, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"In Italy, all forms of THB are prohibited With the aim of harshening penalties, besides ensuring that all forms of trafficking are comprehensively punished, Legislative Decree 24/2014 amends Arts. 600 (Placing/holding a person in conditions of slavery or servitude) and 601 (Trafficking in persons). The Criminal Code specifically envisages prosecution in case of trafficking in children under ‘child prostitution’ (Art. 600-bis), ‘child pornography’ (Art. 600-ter) and ‘possession of pornographic material’ (Art. 600-quater). More specifically, this conduct is punished even if the crime is not committed by fraud, deceit, and threat or by promising or giving money." (para 67). "Plus, whoever commits THB shall be liable to imprisonment from 8 to...more
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Authorities found 30 of these offenders guilty of trafficking and referred them to the courts for trial. The cases involved forced labor, forced street begging, and sex trafficking" (30).
Feb. 5, 2020, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"There is as yet no law on human trafficking." (8). "Congolese legislation on trafficking in persons includes the following national, regional and international laws: (i) Act No. 18 of 31 May 2006 authorizing accession to the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography; (ii) Palermo Protocol (ratified in March 2012); (iii) Act of 12 March 2012 authorizing the ratification of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime; (iv) Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and...more
Jan. 29, 2020, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Government of Japan achieved significant results by taking measures to combat trafficking in persons based on Japan’s Action Plan to Combat Trafficking in Persons formulated in 2004. Specifically, the Government steadily implemented measures such as strengthening countermeasures at the border (including the introduction of e-passports), reviewing the criteria for landing permission for the status of residence of “entertainer” and stepping up visa examination, criminalizing the conduct of Buying or Selling of Human Beings, implementing thorough crackdowns, and revision of the Immigration Control Act to allow the flexible operation of special permission to stay in Japan to protect victims of trafficking in persons." (52). "Article 220. A person who unlawfully...more
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Amendment IX to the Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China approved in August 2015 strengthened protection of women, especially of girls under the age of 14, and specified harsher punishments for the crimes of raping girls under the age of 14 and abducting and trafficking in women and children" (para. 41).
Oct. 25, 2019, 9:36 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The penalty for human trafficking with aggravating circumstances, which includes cases involving the exploitation of children, is up to life imprisonment" (20).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"A child protection code provides penalties for crimes against children such as trafficking, pornography, neglect, and abuse. Penalties for these crimes range from forced labor to fines of up to 10 million CFA francs ($17,667) and prison sentences of several years" (25). "The country is not a party to the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction" (25).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor. Under the labor code, forced labor is punishable by a maximum of six months’ imprisonment, a fine, or both; forced child labor is punishable by one to three years’ imprisonment, a fine, or both. The law also provides for a penalty of 10 to 20 years’ imprisonment for the enrollment or use of children under the age of 18 in the armed forces or police. Penalties for violations were an insufficient deterrent, as the government did not effectively enforce the law" (page 49).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law considers unmarried persons under age 18 to be minors and prohibits their sexual exploitation, prostitution, and involvement in pornography. Anyone convicted of facilitating the sex trafficking of children is subject to a prison term of two to five years and a fine of 150,000 to one million Comorian francs ($338 to $2,250). Conviction of child pornography is punishable by fines or imprisonment. There were no official statistics regarding these matters and no reports in local media of cases, prosecutions, or convictions relating to either child sex trafficking or child pornography" (page 11). "The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor, with certain exceptions for military service,...more
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-1

"In addition to prohibiting trafficking in persons, the law prohibits the prostitution of children" (p. 16).
July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prescribes penalties of five to 10 years’ imprisonment for all forms of child trafficking, including the commercial sexual exploitation of children, but it was a problem" (p. 18).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits some, but not all, forms of forced or compulsory labor, including by children. Laws do not specifically prohibit labor trafficking, although they prohibit many types of labor exploitation. The minimum age for military recruitment is 18, and the minimum age for conscription is 20. The law prohibits the use of child soldiers" (page 20).
July 21, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"On September 1, 2010, the Supreme Court of India, dealing with the ‘Exploitation of Children in Orphanages, State of Tamil Nadu vs UoI and Others’ case, concerning large-scale transportation of children from one state to another, said: 'The State of Manipur and Assam are directed to ensure that no child below the age of 12 years or those at primary school level are sent outside for pursuing education to other states unt­il further orders'" (para 5). "On June 16, 2015, a week after the girls were taken away, the Assam State Commission for the Protection of Child Rights (ASCPCR) wrote a letter (ASCPCR 37/2015/1) to the ADGP, CID, Assam Police,...more
July 19, 2019, 6:43 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The child code bans child trafficking and provides for three to 10 years’ imprisonment for conviction of the crime" (p. 12).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Order No. 2010-086/P/CSRD/MJ/DH of 16 December 2010 on combating trafficking in persons, as updated by Act No. 2015-36 of 26 May 2015 on prohibiting trafficking in migrants" (2).
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The constitution requires the state to take measures to protect children from exploitation. The law criminalizes sexual exploitation of children and mandates a minimum sentence of eight years in prison. The penalty for conviction of encouraging or facilitating child prostitution is up to 10 years’ imprisonment; if violence or pressure is involved, the sentence may be doubled" (page 53). "The law generally prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor, but the government enforced such laws unevenly. Penalties (generally monetary fines) were insufficient to deter violations . . . Penalties for conviction of trafficking violations range from eight to 12 years’ imprisonment and were sufficiently stringent compared with other serious...more
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Prevention of Human Trafficking Act 2014, which criminalizes trafficking in persons, especially women and girls, for the purposes of sexual exploitation, forced labour or trade in organs" (2). "The lack of definition, in the Prevention of Human Trafficking Act 2014, of key terms relating to trafficking, such as forced labour, deception and coercion, which hinders the effective identification of victims and perpetrators... The absence of legislation regulating the foreign bride trade, which may involve trafficking in women and girls" (6).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law provides heavy penalties for persons who procure, lure, compel, or threaten children younger than 18 for the purpose of prostitution, with higher penalties for persons who purchase sexual intercourse with a child younger than 15. Authorities may punish parents who allow a child to enter into prostitution and revoke their parental rights . . . The law also imposes heavy penalties on persons convicted of sexually exploiting persons younger than 18, including for pimping, trafficking, and other sexual crimes against children" (page 31). "The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor, except in the case of national emergency, war, martial law, or imminent public calamity. The...more
July 14, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law provides for one year in prison and a fine of 10,000 birr ($444) for conviction of trafficking in indecent material displaying sexual intercourse by minors" (p. 30).
July 13, 2019, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Conviction of child trafficking is punishable by fines of up to 10 million to 20 million CFA francs ($16,668-$35,336); these penalties were sufficient to deter violations" (p. 16).