The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-LAW-1

Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Amendment IX to the Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China approved in August 2015 strengthened protection of women, especially of girls under the age of 14, and specified harsher punishments for the crimes of raping girls under the age of 14 and abducting and trafficking in women and children" (para. 41).
Oct. 25, 2019, 9:36 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The penalty for human trafficking with aggravating circumstances, which includes cases involving the exploitation of children, is up to life imprisonment" (20).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"A child protection code provides penalties for crimes against children such as trafficking, pornography, neglect, and abuse. Penalties for these crimes range from forced labor to fines of up to 10 million CFA francs ($17,667) and prison sentences of several years" (25). "The country is not a party to the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction" (25).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor. Under the labor code, forced labor is punishable by a maximum of six months’ imprisonment, a fine, or both; forced child labor is punishable by one to three years’ imprisonment, a fine, or both. The law also provides for a penalty of 10 to 20 years’ imprisonment for the enrollment or use of children under the age of 18 in the armed forces or police. Penalties for violations were an insufficient deterrent, as the government did not effectively enforce the law" (page 49).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law considers unmarried persons under age 18 to be minors and prohibits their sexual exploitation, prostitution, and involvement in pornography. Anyone convicted of facilitating the sex trafficking of children is subject to a prison term of two to five years and a fine of 150,000 to one million Comorian francs ($338 to $2,250). Conviction of child pornography is punishable by fines or imprisonment. There were no official statistics regarding these matters and no reports in local media of cases, prosecutions, or convictions relating to either child sex trafficking or child pornography" (page 11). "The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor, with certain exceptions for military service,...more
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-1

"In addition to prohibiting trafficking in persons, the law prohibits the prostitution of children" (p. 16).
July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prescribes penalties of five to 10 years’ imprisonment for all forms of child trafficking, including the commercial sexual exploitation of children, but it was a problem" (p. 18).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits some, but not all, forms of forced or compulsory labor, including by children. Laws do not specifically prohibit labor trafficking, although they prohibit many types of labor exploitation. The minimum age for military recruitment is 18, and the minimum age for conscription is 20. The law prohibits the use of child soldiers" (page 20).
July 21, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"On September 1, 2010, the Supreme Court of India, dealing with the ‘Exploitation of Children in Orphanages, State of Tamil Nadu vs UoI and Others’ case, concerning large-scale transportation of children from one state to another, said: 'The State of Manipur and Assam are directed to ensure that no child below the age of 12 years or those at primary school level are sent outside for pursuing education to other states unt­il further orders'" (para 5). "On June 16, 2015, a week after the girls were taken away, the Assam State Commission for the Protection of Child Rights (ASCPCR) wrote a letter (ASCPCR 37/2015/1) to the ADGP, CID, Assam Police,...more
July 19, 2019, 6:43 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The child code bans child trafficking and provides for three to 10 years’ imprisonment for conviction of the crime" (p. 12).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Order No. 2010-086/P/CSRD/MJ/DH of 16 December 2010 on combating trafficking in persons, as updated by Act No. 2015-36 of 26 May 2015 on prohibiting trafficking in migrants" (2).
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The constitution requires the state to take measures to protect children from exploitation. The law criminalizes sexual exploitation of children and mandates a minimum sentence of eight years in prison. The penalty for conviction of encouraging or facilitating child prostitution is up to 10 years’ imprisonment; if violence or pressure is involved, the sentence may be doubled" (page 53). "The law generally prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor, but the government enforced such laws unevenly. Penalties (generally monetary fines) were insufficient to deter violations . . . Penalties for conviction of trafficking violations range from eight to 12 years’ imprisonment and were sufficiently stringent compared with other serious...more
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Prevention of Human Trafficking Act 2014, which criminalizes trafficking in persons, especially women and girls, for the purposes of sexual exploitation, forced labour or trade in organs" (2). "The lack of definition, in the Prevention of Human Trafficking Act 2014, of key terms relating to trafficking, such as forced labour, deception and coercion, which hinders the effective identification of victims and perpetrators... The absence of legislation regulating the foreign bride trade, which may involve trafficking in women and girls" (6).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law provides heavy penalties for persons who procure, lure, compel, or threaten children younger than 18 for the purpose of prostitution, with higher penalties for persons who purchase sexual intercourse with a child younger than 15. Authorities may punish parents who allow a child to enter into prostitution and revoke their parental rights . . . The law also imposes heavy penalties on persons convicted of sexually exploiting persons younger than 18, including for pimping, trafficking, and other sexual crimes against children" (page 31). "The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor, except in the case of national emergency, war, martial law, or imminent public calamity. The...more
July 14, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law provides for one year in prison and a fine of 10,000 birr ($444) for conviction of trafficking in indecent material displaying sexual intercourse by minors" (p. 30).
July 13, 2019, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Conviction of child trafficking is punishable by fines of up to 10 million to 20 million CFA francs ($16,668-$35,336); these penalties were sufficient to deter violations" (p. 16).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-LAW-1

"The Constitution prohibits trading of humans, the exploitation of prostitution, and obscenity, which affects the reputation of women (Article 34). The Law on the Suppression of Trafficking and Exploitation of Prostitution and the Criminal Code specify a range of punishments targeting the abolishment of trafficking and exploitation of prostitution" (38).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits forced and compulsory labor. The law also prohibits all forms of labor trafficking and “slavery or a relationship similar to slavery.” The government enforced the law, but forced labor still occurred" (page 31).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"New Criminal Code, harmonizing legislation on trafficking in persons, in July 2009" (2).
July 8, 2019, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-LAW-1, CLCW-LAW-2, IRP-LAW-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1

"Ostensibly to combat trafficking in persons, government regulations require male relatives of women between ages 18 and 35 to submit a statement pledging that the women would not engage in illegal behavior, including prostitution, while abroad" (Pg 21).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Procuring a minor for prostitution is punishable by imprisonment for two to five years and a fine of 300,000 to four million CFA francs ($551 to $7,352). If the crime involves a victim younger than 13, the maximum penalty is applied. The law was not effectively enforced, but when cases were referred to law enforcement, authorities conducted follow-up investigations" (page 18). "The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor" (page 22).
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-1

"A conviction for trafficking in persons involving a child for the purposes of sexual exploitation carries a punishment of three to 20 years’ imprisonment and a fine" (p. 25).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law against trafficking in persons, which includes forced labor, prescribes penalties of 16 to 20 years’ imprisonment for conviction of human trafficking, but no cases of forced labor were prosecuted during the year" (p. 22).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prescribes a prison sentence of eight to 10 years for kidnapping. A person who voluntarily releases an abductee is absolved of criminal responsibility; because of this law, a typical bride kidnapper is not necessarily held criminally responsible" (p. 31).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Penalties for the commercial sexual exploitation of a child range from eight to 15 years’ imprisonment" (page 19). "The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor, but the government did not always effectively enforce the law" (page 23).
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Federation, the RS, and the Brcko District have laws criminalizing sex trafficking, forced labor, and organized human trafficking" (p. 23).
July 1, 2019, 6:31 p.m.
Countries: Bulgaria
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law differentiates between forcing children into prostitution… and child sex trafficking, for which it provides up to 10 years’ imprisonment and a fine of up to 20,000 levs ($12,000)" (p. 22).
June 26, 2019, 7:38 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The criminal code prohibits the sale of children, child trafficking, child prostitution and child pornography, as well as other sexual crimes against children" (p. 24).
June 26, 2019, 7:37 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"In 2013 the government strengthened the penalty for conviction of bride kidnapping to a maximum of 10 years in prison" (p. 22).
June 25, 2019, 9:19 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"(e)Act No. 4788 against trafficking in persons, in 2012" (2).