The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-LAW-1

Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since its consideration in 2002 of the State party’s combined initial to third periodic reports (CEDAW/C/TTO/1-3), in particular the adoption of the following legislation: . . . (b) Trafficking in Persons Act (2011), which introduces the offence of trafficking in persons in accordance with the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime" (page 2). " . . . it is illegal under the Sexual Offences Act to sell and buy sexual services" (page 7).
Nov. 30, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law punishes those that foment, promote, or facilitate prostitution or sexual exploitation of children age 16 and under with a penalty if convicted of four to 10 years’ imprisonment. If the victim is age 17 or 18, the penalty is two to six years’ imprisonment, which is inconsistent with international law on trafficking in persons. The law punishes those that induce, transport, or provide housing or create the conditions for sexual exploitation and prostitution of children age 16 and under in a foreign country with a penalty if convicted of five to 12 years’ imprisonment. If the victim is age 17 or 18, the penalty for conviction is two...more
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The constitution provides that the state shall take measures to protect children from exploitation. The law criminalizes sexual exploitation of children and mandates a minimum sentence of eight years in prison. There were reports that children were subject to commercial sexual exploitation. The penalty for encouraging or facilitating the entry of children into prostitution is four to 10 years’ imprisonment; if violence or pressure is involved, the sentence may be doubled" (page 60). "The law generally prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor, and the government generally enforced such laws effectively. . . . Penalties for trafficking violations range from eight to 12 years’ imprisonment and were sufficiently stringent...more
Nov. 16, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits sexual exploitation, including child pornography, child prostitution, the sale of children, and child trafficking" (14).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Government enacted the Anti-Trafficking in Persons Law in 2005 and has established a Central Body for the Suppression of Trafficking in Persons" (page 7).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits sexual exploitation, abduction, and trafficking" (10).
Nov. 15, 2018, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Committee takes note with appreciation of the progress of the State party’s legislative and institutional framework to address violence against women at the Federal level, which includes, inter alia:… b) The enactment of the new General Law on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Crimes of Trafficking in Persons and the Protection and Assistance of Victims of such crimes (LGPSETP-2012) as well as of the Law for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders and Journalists (LPPDHyP-2012)" (2). "It notes with concern that the Office of the Special Prosecutor for Crimes of Violence against Women and Trafficking in Persons (FEVIMTRA) does not have the mandate to follow up on complaints...more
Nov. 9, 2018, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned about the absence of legal provisions that criminalize trafficking in persons and of measures to identify and protect women who are victims." (8).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan

"The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor, except when it is a consequence of a court sentencing or a condition of a state of emergency or martial law. The government did not effectively enforce applicable law. Resources, inspections, and remediation were not sufficient to deter violations. Violations of labor law may result in an administrative penalty, such as a fine, or in civil or criminal liability. The Ministry of Health and Social Development is responsible for handling issues related to labor. Labor inspectors are responsible for enforcing law, including prevention of forced labor. By law labor inspectors conduct inspections to detect safety and other labor violations. In...more
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Procuring a minor for prostitution is punishable by imprisonment for two to five years and a fine of 300,000 to four million CFA francs ($520 to $6,930). If the crime involves a victim younger than 13, the maximum penalty is applied. The law was not effectively enforced" (page 18).
Oct. 25, 2018, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law does not explicitly prohibit child sex tourism, but it prohibits pimping and prostitution, and the penal code prohibits sex with a minor younger than 14 years. The penalty for the purchase and sale of commercial sex acts from a child younger than 18 is 10 years’ imprisonment" (41).
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law provides for the death penalty for murder, as well as 'attempts against the security of the state,' 'outrage against high-ranking officials,' 'enmity towards God' ('moharebeh'), 'corruption on earth' ('fisad fil-arz'), rape, adultery, drug possession and trafficking, recidivist alcohol use, consensual same-sex sexual activity" (para 8)
Oct. 5, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Act on Combating Trafficking in Persons, in 2011...State target programme to combat trafficking, in 2016" (Pg 2).
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The legal age of consent is 18. There is no statutory rape law, but the penalty for rape of a minor under age 12 is 15 to 20 years’ imprisonment and nine to 13 years’ imprisonment if the victim is age 13 or older...Penalties for facilitating child prostitution are 10 to 15 years in prison and fines ranging from approximately one million to 2.5 million lempiras ($45,450 to $113,600). The law prohibits the use of children under age 18 for exhibitions or performances of a sexual nature and in the production of pornography" (para 117)
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor--including slavery, indebtedness, and trafficking in persons--but the government did not effectively monitor or enforce the law" (para 294)
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman

"The initial report states that Omani society rejects the trafficking and exploitation of women in prostitution as such trafficking and exploitation violate religious teachings, customs and traditions. The legislation and measures that have been adopted concretize this moral obligation" (pg 14). "The Sultanate’s initial national report stated that Oman is largely free of human trafficking and the exploitation of women in prostitution. The Sultanate is continuing efforts to counter such problems, which appear from time to time due to illegal immigration. It strengthened procedures for granting work or visit permits to preclude the importation of women for trafficking or prostitution. The Sultanate continues to enforce the Law on the Combating...more
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Prevention of Human Trafficking Act also prohibits child trafficking, but for some forms it requires the acts of exploitation be predicated on movement and does not criminalize it in the absence of coercion" (21). "The Prevention of Human Trafficking Act, which prohibits many, but not all, forms of labor trafficking, provides for penalties of up to 10 years’ imprisonment..." (25).
Sept. 10, 2018, 9:57 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"While forced marriage is among the acts prohibited under human trafficking EU law adopted by Britain in 2013, the legal provision has not translated to policy" (para. 17).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-1

"Penalties for recruiting children or persons with disabilities into prostitution are imprisonment from one to five years. If the child is under the age of 13, the term of imprisonment is four to six years. The same sentence applies to those who seek to victimize children through prostitution. The penalty for pimping children into prostitution is imprisonment from four to six years. If the minor is under 13, the term of imprisonment is five to 10 years" (14). "The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor including by children. The government effectively enforced the law. It maintained strong prevention efforts, although the efforts focused more on forced prostitution...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The order further prevents public defenders from representing those charged in cases of drug trafficking, organized crime, human trafficking, and sexual abuse of minors" (8).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Act No. 20507 (2011) on human trafficking, which includes definitions of the offences of trafficking and smuggling of migrants" (2).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"In terms of domestic law, Costa Rica passed laws relating to the strengthening of public institutions, gender violence, trafficking in persons, femicide, social responsibilities in raising children, special population groups, and some of an economic nature. These include: ...3) Law 9095 of 8 February 2013 the Human Trafficking Act, and establishment of the National Coalition against Migrant Smuggling and Human Trafficking (CONATT)..." (10). "In February 2013, the Human Trafficking Act and the creation of the National Coalition against Illegal Migrant Smuggling and Human Trafficking (CONATT) (Law 1995) entered into force, which prohibits all forms of human trafficking and imposes prison sentences of between 4 and 20 years..." (19-20). "Since 2013,...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Egypt

"Although woman’s empowerment has been at the top of Egypt’s priorities during the past decade, with legislative changes and a large number of initiatives – for example, anti-trafficking and anti-harassment laws, and the women’s quota in the Egyptian parliament - still girls and women face enormous challenges in the country" (para 1).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Although the Indian Parliament passed a strong anti-rape law while also making human trafficking, acid attacks and stalking stringently punishable, it hasn’t translated into diminishing crimes against women" (para 9).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Child prostitution is illegal, with a penalty of imprisonment with labor for up to five years or a fine of up to three million yen ($28,300) for adult offenders and penalties of up to seven years’ imprisonment and fines of up to 10 million yen ($94,300) for traffickers" (17).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:06 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Child prostitution is illegal, with a penalty of imprisonment with labor for up to five years or a fine of up to three million yen ($28,300) for adult offenders and penalties of up to seven years’ imprisonment and fines of up to 10 million yen ($94,300) for traffickers" (17).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:05 a.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Congress of the Mexican state of Tabasco quietly enacted a ban on surrogacy for foreigners on January 19, 2016" (para 1).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Further, the law makes it an offense punishable by seven years’ imprisonment to assist a person under 18 in providing commercial sexual services; to receive earnings from commercial sexual services provided by a person younger than 18; or to contract for commercial sexual services from, or be a client of, a person under 18. The law also makes it an offense to deal in individuals younger than 18 for sexual exploitation or engagement in enforced labor. The penalty for a person who enters into an arrangement or takes an action involving a person under 18 for the purposes of sexual exploitation or forced labor is 14 years’ imprisonment" (9).more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"In 2003, Nigeria passed its first law prohibiting human trafficking" (para 21).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law does not allow bail for suspects in cases involving charges of...human trafficking, or other violent offenses where the accused might pose a public safety risk" (6).