The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-LAW-1

Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"For the criminal act trafficking in human beings prison sentences are pronounced. For criminalization of trafficking in human beings and its processing the main regulations are the Criminal Code and the Criminal Procedure Code. The Criminal Code of Montenegro defines the basic forms of this criminal act-labour exploitation, forced labour, submission to servitude, slavery or slavery-like position for commission of criminal acts, prostitution or other form of sexual exploitation, begging, use for pornographic purposes, entering into unlawful marriage, taking away a body part for transplantation or for use in armed conflicts. A separate article defines the criminal act of trafficking in children for adoption. For the basic form of the...more
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

“several potential trafficking cases were tried as crimes carrying lighter penalties, such as the penalty provided for brokering prostitution” (7)
Aug. 3, 2018, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the forced prostitution and corruption of minors. Penalties range from three to 30 years’ imprisonment in the case of sex trafficking of girls" (32).
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-1

"Persons charged with facilitating the prostitution of a child often were also charged with statutory rape. A parent or guardian who causes or allows a child under age 18 to associate with or become a prostitute may face up to 10 years in prison" (38).
Aug. 1, 2018, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"On December 8, the Ministry of Justice introduced measures intended to close legal loopholes and make tourism marriages more difficult to obtain. It changed an existing and long-standing system whereby a foreign man who wanted to marry an Egyptian woman more than 25 years younger than he is must pay a fine. The measure increased the fine from LE 40,000 ($5,200) to LE 50,000 ($6,500). Women’s rights organizations argued that allowing foreign men to pay a fine in order to marry much younger women represented a form of trafficking and encouraged child marriage. They called on the government to eliminate the system altogether" (42-43). "The law provides for sentences of...more
July 26, 2018, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"In December 2014 the government passed updated antitrafficking legislation that broadens the scope of the previous legislation to cover sexual exploitation, labor trafficking, forced labor, forced begging, and debt bondage. Penalties for trafficking offenses range from two to five years’ imprisonment and a fine of one to 10 million ariary ($304 to $ 3,040). Trafficking crimes against children are punishable by five to 10 years’ imprisonment and a fine of two million to 10 million ariary ($608 to $3,040)" (19). "Antitrafficking legislation passed in December 2014, however, provides a penalty of forced labor for the recruitment and incitement to prostitution involving a child under age 18, the sexual exploitation of...more
July 24, 2018, 10:51 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The penalties for sexual offenses against children and the commercial sexual exploitation of children range up to life imprisonment. Released persons convicted of sexual offenses must register with police and notify police any time they change their name or address, or travel outside the UK" (18).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law does not allow bail for suspects in cases involving charges of...human trafficking, or other violent offenses where the accused might pose a public safety risk" (6).
July 23, 2018, 11:52 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The constitution and the Employment Act prohibit forced or compulsory labor, and section 102 of the Penal Code prohibits slavery and human trafficking" (15).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Although against the law, the commercial sexual exploitation of children less than 18 years old was a problem" (20).
July 18, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits subjecting a child to any social or customary practice that is harmful to health or general development. Prohibited practices included child trafficking, forced labor, forced marriage or betrothal, and use of children as security for loans or other debts" (18)."Although the maximum penalties for child abduction and child trafficking under the Child Care, Protection and Justice Act are 10 years and life in prison respectively, the defendant was ordered to pay 160,000 MKW ($280) in fines" (19).
July 17, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law against trafficking in persons, which includes forced labor, prescribes penalties of 16 to 20 years’ imprisonment for human traffickers" (23).
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-5

"Decree No. 398/13 of 13 December 2013 regarding the prevention of commercial sexual exploitation of girls, boys and adolescents in tourist activities" (page 2).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"At the request of MTD, through Decree No. 398/013 (Annex 2), tourist service providers are required to take action to prevent the commercial sexual exploitation of children and adolescents in tourism. That initiative is based on the principles of the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism and provides, inter alia, that companies shall adopt a code of conduct on the sale of children, sexual exploitation and use of children in pornography, and shall disseminate their rights and prevent commercial sexual exploitation, child pornography and sex tourism involving boys, girls and adolescents; shall take measures to prevent their employees or intermediaries from offering sexual services to tourists; shall report acts related...more
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act (mainland, 2008) and its implementing regulations Nos. 27 and 28 (2015)" (page 2). "The Committee welcomes the adoption of regulations for the implementation of the Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act (2008) and the National Anti-Trafficking in Persons Action Plan (2013-2017), in addition to the establishment of a national advisory committee. It is, however, concerned at: . . . (b) The insufficient resources allocated for the implementation of the National Anti-Trafficking in Persons Action Plan (2013-2017), in particular for supporting victims of exploitation and trafficking; (c) The lack of awareness of the law and the limited protection and assistance available to victims; (d) The various forms of discrimination...more
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Plan of Action to Prevent People Trafficking is a whole-of-government response to people trafficking and outlines a comprehensive support structure for victims. It assists and encourages victims of trafficking to participate in any criminal proceedings involving their alleged traffickers. Suspected victims will be provided with protection as a witness and potential victim. Unless they choose to return home, certified victims of people trafficking will be granted a 12-month temporary entry class visa. Adult applicants will then be able to apply for a resident visa. The Government will provide long-term shelter and residency benefits, including financial assistance and publicly funded health and disability services, to victims to aid them in...more
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"In October 2016, during the subsequent session of the Mejlis of Turkmenistan, the Countering Human Trafficking Act was enacted" (19).
June 21, 2018, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved, since the consideration in 2006 of the fifth periodic report of the State party (CEDAW/C/THA/CO/5), in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following: … Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act, in 2008, and revisions thereof, in 2015 and 2017" (1-2).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Committee notes with appreciation the efforts made by the State party to combat trafficking in persons and protect victims of trafficking, including the adoption of the Victim Protection Act of 2013 and capacity-building for diplomatic staff...It is also concerned about the low level of prosecutions of traffickers, particularly under the Counter-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2010" (7)
June 1, 2018, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Penal Code (Amendment) Act No. 16 of 2006 which includes a new definition of the offence of trafficking in persons in line with the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols and provision to impose certain reporting obligations on incidents of child abuse" (2). "The Committee further commends the fact that a bill on witness protection is being elaborated. The Committee is, however, concerned at the low number of convictions and punishments for those convicted of trafficking and at the lack of protective measures and safe homes for victims of trafficking. It is also concerned that the State party has not ratified the Protocol to Prevent,...more
May 29, 2018, 7:51 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Penalties for trafficking in persons, including labor trafficking, range from 15 to 20 years’ imprisonment, along with fines ranging from 100 million to 500 million kip ($12,300 to $61,700), and confiscation of assets" (27).
May 29, 2018, 7:49 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law considers forced labor to be human trafficking. The penalty for human trafficking is up to life imprisonment and an unlimited fine" (18).
May 29, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Penal Code (Amendment) Act No. 16 of 2006 which includes a new definition of the offence of trafficking in persons in line with the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols and provision to impose certain reporting obligations on incidents of child abuse" (2). "The Committee further commends the fact that a bill on witness protection is being elaborated. The Committee is, however, concerned at the low number of convictions and punishments for those convicted of trafficking and at the lack of protective measures and safe homes for victims of trafficking. It is also concerned that the State party has not ratified the Protocol to Prevent,...more
May 15, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the revised Trafficking in Persons (Prohibition) Law Enforcement and Administration Act, which entered into force in 2015, and the establishment of a trust fund for victims of trafficking in 2008" (9).
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2009 of the State party's combined initial to seventh periodic reports…in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of…The Human Trafficking Act, in 2014" (1-2). "The Committee welcomes the fact that in the period since the consideration of the previous report, the State party has ratified or acceded to the following international and regional instruments...Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, in 2011" (2). "The Committee welcomes the adoption of the Law to combat trafficking in human beings" (8).
May 5, 2018, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the amendment to the Penal Code to include provisions on trafficking in persons and the exploitation of victims of trafficking for prostitution and increase the sentences for such offences. It notes with appreciation the adoption and implementation of action plans developed by the Inter-ministerial Working Group for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, in addition to the education and training activities of the State party and non-governmental organizations targeting the judiciary and law enforcement personnel, border police officers and social workers" (7). "The Committee is, however, concerned about...The absence of a comprehensive gender-sensitive law on trafficking in persons" (7).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Child prostitution is illegal, with a penalty of imprisonment with labor for up to five years or a fine of up to three million yen ($28,300) for adult offenders and penalties of up to seven years’ imprisonment and fines of up to 10 million yen ($94,300) for traffickers" (17).
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Constitution states that everyone has the right and freedom from slavery, servitude, forced labour and human trafficking. The Crimes Decree criminalizes trafficking of persons and children. The penalty is imprisonment from 12 to 25 years" (15).
April 20, 2018, 1:18 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-LAW-1

" the Committee remains concerned about the prevalence of the trafficking of women and girls to the State party and the absence of comprehensive anti-trafficking legislation, as well as the failure of the State party to criminalize all forms of trafficking. It is also concerned about the limited definition of pimping, which may impede the adequate prosecution of the exploitation of prostitution, as well as the limited data currently available to determine the scale of the phenomenon" (7).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3, TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the significant efforts of the State party in combating trafficking in women and girls, including for the purpose of sexual and labour exploitation, by introducing amendments to the Criminal Code (LawNo. 144/2013) criminalizing the use of services provided by victims of trafficking and decriminalizing victims of trafficking. It commends the State party on its efforts to improve the referral of victims to appropriate services, and improve the protection and assistance provided, including financial assistance. The Committee notes with concern, however, that the State party remains a source and destination country for trafficking in women and girls, especially trafficking linked to tourism in coastal areas. It also regrets...more