The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-LAW-3

March 23, 2020, 4:38 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"Likewise, Singapore has enacted several laws focused on protecting women in recent years, including new amendments announced in 2011 to protect female migrant workers and continue the fight against the trafficking of sex workers" (para 7).
March 16, 2020, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"A short-term shelter in Kabul was reopened for trafficking victims, including 15 Child Protections Units. This led to preventing the recruitment of more than 300 trafficked children into the Afghan security forces in 2016." (8).
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"Prior to 2014, the transitional government cooperated with the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and other humanitarian organizations in providing protection and assistance to internally displaced persons, refugees, returning refugees, asylum seekers, stateless persons, and other persons of concern. The Houthi takeover and the ensuing conflict, however, made it difficult for humanitarian organizations to reach many areas of the country due to security concerns. The Hadi-led government did not and could not enforce the law, even in government-controlled areas, due to capacity and governance issues" (20).
Dec. 3, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The law allowed foreign victims to acquire temporary residence permits from three months to one year with the ability to extend; no victims applied for temporary residence permits in 2016, 2017, or 2018. The government penalized one potential victim for crimes committed as a direct result of being subjected to trafficking due to inadequate identification; experts reported the government deported a potential victim to Serbia (...) However, observers reported law enforcement failed to protect a potential victim from intimidation and threats to change her testimony from her at-large perpetrator. The law also allowed for the possibility of restitution through civil suits" (342-343).
Dec. 3, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The anti-trafficking law (Law 28950) required the government to protect victims by providing temporary lodging, transportation, medical and psychological care, legal assistance, and reintegration assistance; but the government did not wholly fulfill this mandate" (386).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The 2004 law established a fund to compensate victims and cover repatriation costs" (119).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"El Salvador’s laws allowed judges to order convicted traffickers to pay restitution; however, the courts did not order restitution in any cases in 2018" (192). "The 2014 trafficking law provided foreign trafficking victims the right to seek residency status, which would allow them to work legally, but authorities did not offer such protection to any foreign victims in 2018, compared to four foreign victims in 2017 who ultimately requested to be repatriated to their country of origin" (192).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"Cabo Verdean law provided legal alternatives to the removal of foreign victims to countries where they may face hardship or retribution; authorities provided these benefits to at least four Chinese forced labor victims during the reporting period (...) The law provides for restitution and allows victims to file civil suits against traffickers but the government did not report using these provisions during the reporting period" (133).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The law provided foreign trafficking victims with legal alternatives to their removal to countries where they may face hardship or retribution, subject to judicial decision; but the government did not report identifying any foreign victims who could benefit from this protection during the reporting period. The law allowed the government to grant temporary residency, but the government did not report identifying any foreign victims who could benefit from temporary residency during the reporting period" (130).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"Law 896 established a dedicated fund for victim protection and prevention activities to be financed through budget allocation, donations, and seized assets from traffickers. However, for the fourth year, the government did not make it operational. Law 896 provided victims the ability to testify in advance of the trial and allowed testimony via video or written statement to encourage participation and protect a victim’s identity; however, the government did not report using these provisions during the reporting period" (358).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The anti-trafficking law (Law 28950) required the government to protect victims by providing temporary lodging, transportation, medical and psychological care, legal assistance, and reintegration assistance; but the government did not wholly fulfill this mandate" (386). "Foreign victims were eligible for temporary and permanent residency status under Peruvian refugee law, but the government did not report what services it provided foreign victims during the year" (387).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The 2014 Law on Identification and Assistance to Victims of Human Trafficking and Exploitation defined identification, referral, and assistance procedures for relevant actors" (80). "The law designated the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to coordinate repatriation of Armenian victims from abroad, but an absence of established procedures and funds to cover logistical costs created obstacles in repatriation; the government did not repatriate victims in 2018 (three victims in 2017). The law entitled foreign victims to receive a permanent residence permit but applications required evidence of employment" (81).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The government offered foreign trafficking victims legal alternatives to their removal to countries where they might face hardship or retribution. Under the anti-trafficking law, the government offered all identified foreign trafficking victims relief from deportation, and victims had the right to free legal aid to assist them in engaging in civil and criminal proceedings against their traffickers. The anti-trafficking law also allowed victims and witnesses of trafficking crimes access to psychological and physical protection services" (474).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

" The law also provided for a one-year residence permit for victims based on cooperation with law enforcement or a personal situation regarding their security, health, family situation, or vulnerability; authorities could renew this permit indefinitely" (395).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"Under the anti-trafficking act, officials may grant permission for foreign trafficking victims to remain indefinitely in Kenya if it is believed they would face hardship or retribution upon repatriation; the government did not report using this provision during the reporting period" (281).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"Finnish law required police to pursue domestic cases specifically as trafficking crimes in order for victims to receive services through the assistance system beyond the initial emergency" (205).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The 2007 anti-trafficking law allowed foreign victims to obtain temporary residence visas for the duration of legal proceedings, but there were no other legal alternatives provided in cases in which foreign trafficking victims removed to their countries of origin may have faced hardship or retribution" (210-211)
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"Angolan law did not provide foreign trafficking victims with legal alternatives to their removal to a country where they may face hardship or retribution" (75).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"In 2018, there were no foreign victims identified among refugees and asylum-seekers, but observers suspected dozens of cases. The law permitted foreign victims to request asylum and granted asylum-seekers the right to work after three months. The law also permitted foreign victims who cooperated with authorities to receive a renewable, six-month temporary residence permit" (400).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The law provided alternatives to the removal of foreign victims who may face hardship or retribution upon return, including the option to apply for temporary or permanent residency; the government did not report how many victims received this relief during the reporting period. The 2005 anti-trafficking law has provisions for victim protection during prosecution including allowing video-taped testimony; the government did not report implementing these provisions during the reporting period. Victims could legally obtain restitution and file civil suits against their traffickers; the government reported seeking restitution in all cases prosecuted during the reporting period" (415).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"However, in October 2018, the Federal Council for Human Trafficking drafted a bill that was introduced in Congress to establish an assistance trust fund for trafficking victims; the fund would include the seized assets of traffickers and would serve as restitution for all victims" (79).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"As reported by GRETA, the law outlined a narrow interpretation of the non-punishment of victims, giving prosecutors discretion to terminate criminal prosecution only for offenses committed by negligence and offenses carrying a maximum sentence of imprisonment of five years; it did not cover administrative offenses" (428).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"Afghan law allows trafficking victims to seek restitution; there were no reports any victims did so. Afghan law allows foreign victims to remain in Afghanistan for at least six months. Authorities reportedly identified some foreign victims in Afghanistan but did not report if they received this benefit" (68). "The penal code provides that authorities shall not prosecute trafficking victims for unlawful acts their traffickers compelled them to commit, including 'moral crimes' and the possession or use of fraudulent travel documents" (68).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The government operated and staffed two shelters for victims of crime that trafficking victims could access in Ouagadougou; the shelter was open 24 hours per day and could accommodate longterm stays for both adults and children; the government referred an unknown number of trafficking victims to the shelters during the reporting period, and they received shelter, food, and medical assistance" (123).
July 21, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"CWCs are established by state governments, according to mandates of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 (amended in 2006). Each district-level CWC has the powers of a metropolitan magistrate or a first class judicial magistrate. It can hold people accountable for a child, transfer the case to a different CWC closer to the child’s home, reunite a child with his/her community. Children can be produced before the committee or one of its members by police, public servants, Childline, social workers or public-spirited citizens. A child may present himself/herself before it too. The probation officer for the case is required to submit regular reports on the child....more
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, AW-LAW-1

"The law allows victims of trafficking and witnesses who cooperate with pending court cases to work legally during and up to two years after the end of their trial involvement" (page 23).
June 11, 2019, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"Authorities continued to repatriate North Korean refugees forcibly, including trafficking victims, generally treating them as illegal economic migrants (…) The government did not provide North Korean trafficking victims with legal alternatives to repatriation" (45).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-PRACTICE-2

"The government continued its cooperation with foreign embassies to waive overstay fees for migrant domestic workers who wished to repatriate after a two-year stay in the country, a policy that greatly reduced the number of domestic workers stranded at their embassies’ shelters" (46).
June 7, 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The revised Penal Code foresees guarantees for victims of HT, establishing that they are not criminally responsible for illegally entering the national territory or having participated, in any context, in illegal activities that are a direct consequence of being a victim of HT" (14).
June 3, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-LAW-2, AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

"The laws provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government has established a system for providing protection to refugees. The country has not granted asylum since 2005" (p. 18).