The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-LAW-3

Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The Swedish administrative system is decentralized. This means that the primary responsibility for the well-being of any crime victim stems from obligations under the Social Services Act (SFS 2001:453), and is firmly placed on the 290 Swedish municipalities. The first municipal support and assistance services for victims of prostitution and trafficking in human beings opened during the mid-1970’s in the four largest cities: Stockholm, Gothenburg, Malmö and Norrköping. Today, municipal Prostitution Groups operate in Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö. These victims support services provide outreach services for individuals that are involved in prostitution, whether on the street, in indoor prostitution or through Internet advertising, and offer counselling, access to health care ...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"In addition to awareness-raising campaigns and training activities that are implemented in cooperation with state institutions and NGOs, IOM Slovakia provides and assists voluntary returns with pre-departure assistance for victims of human trafficking who want to go back to their home country in safety and dignity" (para 8). Because such a large percentage of trafficking victims are women, this information is relevant to the WomanStats database depsite not referencing women directly (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea

"The law criminalizes defection and attempted defection, including the attempt to gain entry to a foreign diplomatic facility for the purpose of seeking political asylum. Individuals who cross the border with the purpose of defecting or seeking asylum in a third country are subject to a minimum of five years of 'labor correction.' In 'serious' cases defectors or asylum seekers are subjected to indefinite terms of imprisonment and forced labor, confiscation of property, or death. Many would-be refugees who were returned involuntarily were imprisoned under harsh conditions"(10)."The law does not provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, nor has the government established a system for providing protection for ...more
Oct. 2, 2017, 7:19 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"A New York State approach of treating women – accused of prostitution-related offences – as the victims of trafficking has caused consternation as well as praise. In October, I spent a day in the Queens Human Trafficking Intervention Court (HTIC), founded in 2004, and used as a model for a statewide 11-court program which began nine years later. So far, over 3,000 defendants have passed through their doors. The concept behind the HTIC is to help women caught up in the sex trade, to recover from their experiences, and to exit prostitution. A defendant can be referred to drug treatment or immigrant legal services, as well as being offered general ...more
Jan. 3, 2017, 9:59 p.m.
Countries: Brazil

“Federal and state officials in many cases sought the aid and cooperation of domestic and international NGOs in addressing human rights problems; for instance, the Ministry of Labor collaborated with the UN Office on Drugs and Crime to formulate a national plan to combat trafficking in persons” (12).
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:24 p.m.
Countries: Malta
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-LAW-2

“The government provided asylum applicants with free legal aid at the appeal stage of the application process. Prior to the appeal stage, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), or the migrants themselves, paid for legal assistance. The country normally granted humanitarian protection to those with rejected applications and appeals” (6).
Nov. 17, 2016, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"On 22 August 2013, additional safeguards guaranteeing the rights of women and other individuals engaged in the performance of family duties were put in place in the Labour Code and in the Law on Employment, which defined the concepts of 'employed persons' and 'unemployed persons' (art. 60), as well as conditions under which 'unsuitable work' cannot be tendered in connection with change of residence, a work location that is inaccessible by vehicle, the unemployed person’s health or age, or other valid reasons (art. 13). Article 68 strengthens safeguards for single and multiple child parents who have children 14 years old or younger or disabled children and persons graduating from special ...more
Nov. 9, 2016, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"According to Jackson Odong of the National Memory and Documentation Centre in the northern Ugandan town of Kitgum, the needs of such populations [referring to the women abducted by the Lord's Resistance Army and their children born in captivity] have been neglected.'Children born in captivity and their mothers continue to suffer because while they were encouraged to return, there was limited support for their reintegration. Focus was largely on ex-combatants. There have been little or no specific interventions targeting surviving children and mothers,' he said.Irene Ikomu, a human rights lawyer and the coordinator of Parliament Watch Uganda, told IRIN that the report highlighted the need to evaluate current reintegration processes ...more
Aug. 23, 2016, 8:48 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"Pursuant to Minn. Stat. Ann...the judge may exclude spectators from the courtroom at 'trial of a complaint or indictment for a violation of sections . . .617.246, subdivision 2 [Use of minor in sexual performance prohibited] . . . when a minor under 18 years of age is the person upon, with, or against whom the crime is alleged to have been committed,' and may also authorize the presence of any supportive person in the courtroom for prosecuting witnesses who are minors in cases involving child abuse defined to include Minn. Stat. Ann..."(103)."Ca. Evidence Code...states 'Evidence of sexual history or history of any commercial sexual act of a victim of ...more
July 1, 2016, 5:48 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"During the reporting period, the immigration department initiated drafting of proposed amendments to the immigration create a renewable permit specific to trafficking victims allowing them to remain in Swaziland for up to two years" (321)
June 6, 2016, 9:26 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"There were no legal alternatives to the removal of foreign trafficking victims from Somalia to countries where they may face hardship or retribution; however, government officials identified no foreign victims during the year" (371)
June 4, 2016, 10:58 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The government did not provide foreign trafficking victims with temporary or permanent resident status or any other legal alternatives to their removal to countries where they might face retribution or hardship" (369)
June 4, 2016, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The government offered legal alternatives to the removal of victims to countries where they may face hardship or retribution; however, it is unclear how many victims received such assistance in 2014" (367)
June 4, 2016, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The government did not identify or provide adequate protection services to trafficking victims, but it coordinated with NGOs, an international organization, and the Ethiopian government to repatriate a reported 2,162 Ethiopians in 2014, an unspecified number of whom were trafficking victims...The government did not provide assistance to its nationals repatriated after enduring trafficking abroad" (366)
June 3, 2016, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The government did not offer foreign victims legal alternatives to their removal to countries where they faced retribution or hardship" (364)
June 2, 2016, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"There were no publicly available reports of government assistance to repatriated Venezuelan trafficking victims during the reporting period" (362)
June 2, 2016, 5:30 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"A minimal amount of financial assistance was also given to minors during repatriation...The government did not provide direct funding to NGOs providing services to trafficking victims, but it did provide office space, venues for training programs and awareness-raising activities, as well as living and work space and free medical care for victims" (360)
June 1, 2016, 8:15 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"While the government did not offer trafficking-specific legal alternatives to victims’ removal to countries where they faced retribution or hardship, authorities offered general asylum and residential work permits to foreign trafficking victims in 2014" (359)
June 1, 2016, 7:49 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"DHS provides trafficking-specific immigration relief to trafficking victims in two ways: short-term Continued Presence and longer-term 'T nonimmigrant status' (commonly referred to as the T visa). Both statuses confer the right to legally work in the United States. T visa applicants must be in the United States on account of trafficking and show cooperation with reasonable requests from law enforcement unless they are under 18 years of age or are unable to cooperate due to trauma suffered. In the application for the T visa, victims may petition for certain family members, including certain extended family members who face a present danger of retaliation; T visa beneficiaries and their derivative family ...more
May 31, 2016, 8:25 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The government offered renewable one-year residence permits to foreign victims cooperating with law enforcement or with personal circumstances warranting it, but did not report how many residency permits were issued in 2014. Long-term legal alternatives to removal to countries where victims might face hardship or retribution were only available through asylum procedures. NGOs reported victims who had received a positive grounds decision could not be assured of a successful asylum claim. The Supreme Court ruled foreign trafficking victims have a right to claim damages from their traffickers irrespective of their immigration status. The government did not report how many victims received compensation in 2014, and NGOs reported a lack of ...more
May 31, 2016, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"In 2014, the trafficking victims’ fund established in the previous year became operational, as victims started receiving monetary assistance, particularly for housing, children’s education, and medical expenses in their home countries. The number of victims who benefited from this fund in 2014 was unreported. While the government exempted trafficking victims who had an ongoing court case against an employer for labor abuses from paying fines accrued for overstaying their visas, the government did not offer trafficking victims shelter, counseling, or immigration relief. The government did not provide permanent residency status to victims; however, the government worked with international organizations to resettle victims, at least two of whom were sex trafficking ...more
May 31, 2016, 6:15 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The trafficking law affords foreign victims the right to remain in the country, but that right is not explicitly incorporated into the Law on the Legal Status of Foreigners; as a result, foreign victims have had difficulties obtaining legal status to stay in Ukraine and be eligible to receive ongoing access to victim services. In 2014, the migration authorities registered two foreign victims who received official victim status in 2012, enabling their legal stay. Employment laws had not been amended to allow certified foreign victims to work legally, as provided in the trafficking law...Courts have the authority to order compensation for victims that sought restitution, but the administration of these ...more
May 31, 2016, 6:02 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The government did not provide any repatriation assistance to trafficking victims in 2014, although an international organization did...While Ugandan law permits foreign trafficking victims to remain in Uganda during the investigation of their cases and to apply for residence and work permits, the government reported that no permits were requested because all foreign victims chose to return home during the reporting period" (345)
May 30, 2016, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The government continued to allow automatic residency status for 30 days to any identified foreign trafficking victim, who had the option to apply for extensions of that status for up to three years; victims were not repatriated unless they requested it" (342)
May 30, 2016, 7:35 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The government reportedly offered temporary residency status and repatriation services—in coordination with international organizations—to foreign trafficking victims, although it was unclear how many victims were provided this service in 2014. The government did not have any policies in place to encourage victims to participate in the prosecution of their traffickers, nor did it offer foreign trafficking victims legal alternatives to their removal to countries where they might face hardship or retribution" (340)
May 30, 2016, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The government provided three foreign trafficking victims with work and residence permits to remain in the country to assist law enforcement in trafficking investigations, a best practice in victim protection and reintegration. Most foreign victims provided a statement prior to repatriation...The government partnered with an internal organization and victims’ home governments to ensure safe and responsible repatriation for victims" (338)
May 30, 2016, 4:11 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The government did not offer temporary or permanent residency status to foreign victims facing hardship or retribution upon return to their country of origin" (336)
May 30, 2016, 4 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"Government policy authorized a temporary (two-year) legal alternative to the removal of victims to countries where they may face retribution or hardship, though no victims were granted this status in 2014" (335)
May 30, 2016, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The government issued 57 six-month work permits and visas (compared with 128 in 2013), renewable for the duration of court cases to work temporarily in Thailand during the course of legal proceedings. Among adult female victims who received these permits, some were not allowed to work due to the government’s assessment it would be unsafe or unhealthy for them to do so...The government did not provide legal alternatives to victims who faced retribution or hardship upon return to their home countries; foreign victims were systematically repatriated if they were unwilling to testify or following the conclusion of legal proceedings" (333)
May 29, 2016, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The 2008 anti-trafficking law provides foreign victims legal alternatives to their removal to countries where their safety or the safety of their families may be endangered; all 22 foreign victims identified during the reporting period requested repatriation to their home countries" (330)