The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, the LRA reported that officers were adequately trained to identify cases of forced labor and stated that the Prevention of Human Trafficking Act provided an effective solution" (24). "The Prevention of Human Trafficking Act, which prohibits many, but not all, forms of labor trafficking, provides for penalties of up to 10 years’ imprisonment; however, authorities did not prosecute any labor recruiters or agencies engaged in fraudulent practices" (25).
Sept. 10, 2018, 9:57 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"A leading barrister and adviser to the United Nations has warned the government is failing to recognise these people, and thousands like them, as requiring the same protection as those suffering other forms of exploitation" (para. 13). "The Home Office said the government’s forced marriage unit provided support in almost 1,200 potential cases last year. Since its introduction in 2008, there have been more than 1,500 forced marriage protection orders issued" (para. 31).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The commercial sexual exploitation of trafficked teenage girls remained a problem" (14). "Unaccompanied children remained particularly vulnerable to labor exploitation, sex trafficking, and forced begging...There were reports that criminals subjected children to trafficking in the sex trade and forced begging. Police databases do not automatically register foreign children intercepted at the borders, making them vulnerable to exploitation including forced begging and commercial sexual exploitation (see section 6, Children)" (20).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"...the Committee expresses its deep concern at the reported lack of preventive measures to address the root causes of trafficking, as well as at the lack of an victim identification mechanism to facilitate the enforcement of the new law, rehabilitation, protection and provision of temporary shelters for women and girls victims of trafficking" (5).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The law consolidated and gave legal status to the specialized intervention body to respond to alerts of a possible case of trafficking, known as the immediate response team (ERI). This team has a mandate to hear cases and accredits victims and registers them. Although this register is a significant step forward, it does not take account of all victims, because, in addition to cases that are not detected, many of them cannot be channelled through the inter-agency platform’s services (CONATT) and for that reason are not accredited and registered" (20). " Lastly, it is worth mentioning that the Costa Rican Government has entered into partnerships with tourism firms to combat...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, IRP-LAW-2

"'In Italy, we’re very good at the process of emergency reception—the humanitarian aspect,' Salvatore Vella, a prosecutor in the Sicilian city of Agrigento, told me. 'They arrive. We give them something to eat. We put them in a reception center. But after that? There is no solution. What do we do with these people?'” (para 109). Italy tries to treat trafficking victims with respect and compassion, but has no plan in place for providing for them past the point of reception (AA-CODER COMMENT). "The authorities listened to her story, then repatriated her to Benin City" (para 114). This is an example of a trafficked sex worker being returned to her...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"On December 28, the foreign ministers of Japan and the Republic of Korea jointly announced they had reached an agreement that they said 'finally and irreversibly' addressed the treatment of World War II “comfort women” (women trafficked for sexual purposes). The announcement, which met some civil society criticism, noted the Japanese prime minister’s “most sincere apologies and remorse,” and a commitment by the Japanese government to provide 1 billion yen ($8.3 million) for a foundation to be established by the Republic of Korea to provide support for the former 'comfort women'" (15).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:06 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"On December 28, the foreign ministers of Japan and the Republic of Korea jointly announced they had reached an agreement that they said 'finally and irreversibly' addressed the treatment of World War II “comfort women” (women trafficked for sexual purposes). The announcement, which met some civil society criticism, noted the Japanese prime minister’s “most sincere apologies and remorse,” and a commitment by the Japanese government to provide 1 billion yen ($8.3 million) for a foundation to be established by the Republic of Korea to provide support for the former 'comfort women'" (15).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The government, in concert with nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), operated programs to reintegrate children out of prostitution through vocational training and educational opportunities" (10).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The government continued to prosecute accused pedophiles and deport those who were foreigners" (29).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"In April the government reaffirmed its “zero tolerance” policy for human trafficking and re-emphasized combatting trafficking in persons (TIP) as a national priority. The government established a new prime minister-led national committee to combat human trafficking, forced labor, child labor, illegal migration, and illegal fishing to address problems in a more integrated manner" (49).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

""[The Committee] remains concerned about the following: … The inadequate provision of essential services and support to victims of gender-based violence, especially victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation or labour exploitation, and victims of domestic violence" (6). "The Committee is particularly concerned about the following: (a) The limited progress in addressing the root causes of trafficking within the State party, including poverty, lack of economic opportunities and statelessness, in particular in rural and remote areas; (b) The lack of effective identification of victims of trafficking in practice, the adoption of new guidelines notwithstanding; (c) The prevalence of corruption and official complicity in trafficking cases, which continue to impede efforts to...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:55 a.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"At the same time, the government established the Counter-Trafficking Unit, charged with investigating potential forced labor cases and with referring cases for prosecution" (20).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"To monitor the private sector, the ministry had active departments for inspection, occupational safety, combating human trafficking, and wage protection" (32).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the various efforts made by the State party to combat trafficking in women and girls, but notes with concern: (a) That the State party remains a source country for internal and crossborder trafficking in women and children for purposes of sexual and labour exploitation as well as fraudulent internationally brokered marriage; (b) The increase in the number of trafficked girls and reports of trafficking in newborns; (c) The very low conviction rates under the Law on Human Trafficking; (d) The stigmatization of and administrative penalties imposed on women and girls in prostitution; (e) The lack of effective national mechanisms for the referral of victims of trafficking to...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Although against the law, the commercial sexual exploitation of children less than 18 years old was a problem. According to NGOs, there were instances in which teenage girls were kidnapped, coerced, or deceived and forced to work in prostitution. Sex tourism from South Korea and Japan reportedly remained a problem" (20).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The trafficking of children for sexual purposes was a problem, and child prostitution for survival at the behest of parents or without third-party involvement occurred. At local bars and rest houses, owners coerced girls as young as 12 to have sex with customers in exchange for room and board. For example a female bar owner arrested in September 2014 was found guilty in February of abduction and child trafficking. Although the maximum penalties for child abduction and child trafficking under the Child Care, Protection and Justice Act are 10 years and life in prison respectively, the defendant was ordered to pay 160,000 MKW ($280) in fines. In March the minister...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The continued growth in tourism in the country and a concomitant rise in child sex tourism in the region led authorities to seek to prevent child sex tourism. The government continued efforts to reduce demand for commercial sex through periodic raids and training workshops and to aid victims as part of a multi-year national plan. The government and NGOs hosted seminars to train tourism-sector employees, and many major international hotels in Vientiane and Luang Prabang included warnings against child sex tourism in their poster displays" (22). "Due to a limited number of inspectors and resources, the government did not effectively enforce the law" (27).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:17 a.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor, but there were reports of forced labor in the country. The government effectively enforced the law, but it was unclear how many, if any, labor traffickers were convicted during the year…The law considers forced labor to be human trafficking" (18).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs and local media reported sex tourism and the number of street children in Cairo and other metropolitan areas (where criminals sometimes sexually exploited children) remained high due to economic hardship. Temporary marriages were also sometimes used to mask sexual exploitation of children and child prostitution" (43). "According to government, NGO, and media reports, the number of street children in Cairo continued to increase in the face of deteriorating economic conditions. Such children were at greater risk of sexual exploitation or forced begging" (50).
Aug. 31, 2018, 11:40 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

There is a “low prosecution and conviction rates in cases of trafficking in persons” (8)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

“Those with limited economic opportunities are especially at risk (Action Group 2008), as are runaway or ‘throwaway’ youth (who have been forced to leave their homes), homeless youth, those with prior juvenile arrests, and family abuse victims” (251)
Aug. 25, 2018, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the adoption of a national action plan against trafficking in persons covering the period 2013-2016 and legislative changes prohibiting strip clubs. The Committee also notes that the implementation of the legislative changes requires adequate time, funding and well-trained human resources. The Committee also notes the amendment to the General Penal Code (Act No. 54/2009) decriminalizing the selling of sex and criminalizing the purchase of sexual services and the clients. The Committee remains concerned about: (a) The lack of funding for the implementation of the National Action Plan against Trafficking in Persons (2013-2016), in particular for the police to investigate cases of trafficking; (b) The lack of prosecutions...more
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party on the adoption of a five-year national plan of action to combat trafficking in persons, covering the period 2012-2016, and the establishment of an anti-trafficking in persons division in 2013 . . . It also welcomes efforts by the State party to combat trafficking by signing memorandums of understanding with China and Thailand. The Committee notes with concern, however, that the State party remains a source country for trafficking in persons, in particular women and girls, for purposes of sexual and labour exploitation. The Committee is particularly concerned: (a) That women and girls continue to be trafficked to neighbouring and other countries for sexual...more
Aug. 20, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"In this regard, the Committee is concerned: . . . That prevention of trafficking remains weak, especially during and after disasters and armed conflicts; That there is a lack of designated shelters for victims of trafficking and a lack of support for their rehabilitation and reintegration" (page 7-8).
Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The training and education of the staff or institutions in charge is continuous. Judicial Training Centre, as an organizational unit of the Supreme Court continuously conducts activities of training of judges and prosecutors on the topic of trafficking in human beings. In 2012 the Centre organized 10 trainings/seminars/conferences with the participation of 94 representatives of judiciary. During first half of 2013, the Centre organized two trainings for 60 participants. The Police Academy in 2015, apart from the curriculum from the regular educational programme, prepared the Plan for additional activities on this topic. From this programme, the following trainings were held: 'Hearing of the under-aged victims of trafficking in human beings',...more
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

“[There are] Reports on the collusion of law enforcement officials in cases of trafficking” (8)
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

“Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian women and girls, as well as refugee and asylum-seeking, displaced and internally displaced women and girls and women and girls with disabilities are particularly vulnerable to becoming victims of trafficking” (8)
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

“State-provided services to assist victims of trafficking are inadequate and underresourced” (8)
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

“[There is] The lack of clarity as to whether foreign victims of trafficking, who are unwilling or unable to cooperate with the prosecution authorities, have full access to assistance and protection measures for victims” (8)