The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

Dec. 31, 2020, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Like Toni, who was picked up along International Boulevard in Oakland, a major West Coast hub for sex trafficking, the vast majority of teenage girls who appear before Judge Burgess in the Alameda County Girls Court, a special tribunal for girls, have been recruited as child prostitutes or, like Toni, been considered at risk for involvement" (para 4). "Judge Burgess directed her to an out-of-state program for exploited girls, where she spent nine months. Today, Jasmine has a job and is preparing to move into her own apartment" (para 19-20). "The county’s H.E.A.T. Watch unit, started by the district attorney in 2006, was set up to aggressively go after people...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"One of the bills, also emulated in the Senate, would try to stem the exploitation of children in the child welfare system who are often targeted by pimps; another would notify foreign governments when Americans convicted of the sexual abuse of a minor travel abroad; and the Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act would invest in services to aide victims of sexual trafficking" (para 5).
Dec. 23, 2020, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Menaka consists mainly of Nigerian soldiers. They are often patrolling. But far from reassuring the population, these patrols have no effect on the terrorists. Instead, the MNLA and accomplices have strengthened their position in Menaka. Also, they carried on up dozens of women to other locations. These poor ladies are now used as 'sex slaves.' These are the same women who are manipulated and forced to march to demand the withdrawal of the Malian army" (para 4). Menaka is a city in Mali that the terrorist origanization led by MNLA controls (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 7, 2020, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

“Indonesia is a hotspot for Western paedophiles, with more than 100 sex criminals caught travelling to the country since 2014 from Australia alone” (para 6).
Oct. 30, 2020, 11:31 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, AOM-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"It is further concerned about the persistence of harmful traditional practices in the State party, such as child marriage, the dowry system, so-called “honour killings”, sex-selective abortion, sati, devadasi and accusing women of witchcraft. The Committee is particularly concerned that the State party has not taken sufficient sustained and systematic action to modify or eliminate stereotypes and harmful practices" (Article 20). Sati is a practice in India where a widow throws herself onto her husband's funeral pyre. A woman who is a devadasi in modern times is a sex slave. (CM - CODER COMMENT)
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Regardless of the fact that the Government continuously taking actions to combat human trafficking, the root causes of this phenomenon are still not addressed. Unemployment, social and economic hardships (particularly in rural areas) and gender inequality remaining leading causes of trafficking and exploitation, particularly of women who face challenges finding economic opportunities in Armenia and subsequently fall prey to the false promises of traffickers.96Armenia is a source and, to a lesser extent, destination country for women, and children subjected to sex and labor trafficking. Armenian women and children are subjected to sex and labor trafficking within the country as well as sex trafficking in United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Turkey....more
Oct. 3, 2020, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

“L.E. v. Greece (no. 71545/12) (21 January 2016): This case concerned a complaint by a Nigerian national who was forced into prostitution in Greece. Officially recognised as a victim of human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation, the applicant had nonetheless been required to wait more than nine months after informing the authorities of her situation before the justice system granted her that status. She submitted in particular that the Greek State’s failings to comply with its positive obligations under Article 4 (prohibition of slavery and forced labour) of the Convention had entailed a violation of this provision. The Court held that there had been a violation de l’article...more
Oct. 3, 2020, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

“Rantsev v. Cyprus and Russia (7 January 2010): The applicant was the father of a young woman who died in Cyprus where she had gone to work in March 2001. He complained that the Cypriot police had not done everything possible to protect his daughter from trafficking while she had been alive and to punish those responsible for her death. He also complained about the failure of the Russian authorities to investigate his daughter’s trafficking and subsequent death and to take steps to protect her from the risk of trafficking. The Court noted that, like slavery, trafficking in human beings, by its very nature and aim of exploitation, was based...more
Oct. 3, 2020, 6:13 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1

“S.M. v. Croatia (no. 60561/14) (25 June 2020 (Grand Chamber)): This case concerned a Croatian woman’s complaint of human trafficking and forced prostitution. The applicant complained of an inadequate official procedural response to her allegations. The Court held that there had been a violation of Article 4 (prohibition of forced labour) of the Convention on account of the shortcomings in the Croatian authorities’ investigation into the applicant’s allegation of forced prostitution. Taking the opportunity via the applicant’s case to clarify its case-law on human trafficking for the purpose of exploitation of prostitution, the Court pointed out in particular that it relied on the definition under international law to decide whether...more
Sept. 26, 2020, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-PRACTICE-3, TRAFF-LAW-3

“J. and Others v. Austria (no. 58216/12) (17 January 2017): This case concerned the Austrian authorities’ investigation into an allegation of human trafficking. The applicants, two Filipino nationals, who had gone to work as maids or au pairs [in] the United Arab Emirates, alleged that their employers had taken their passports away from them and exploited them. They claimed that this treatment had continued during a short stay in Vienna where their employers had taken them and where they had eventually managed to escape. Following a criminal complaint filed by the applicants against their employers in Austria, the authorities found that they did not have jurisdiction over the alleged offences...more
Sept. 14, 2020, 6:34 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Local newspapers indicate the continuation of the phenomenon of trafficking in women by foreign and local gangs. Women in the country of origin are deluded by contracts for specific jobs to discover, on arrival to Bahrain, they will work in prostitution. Held captive in specific locations without their IDs, women had either to pay large sums of money or work in prostitution. This means the need for more control on recruitment agencies and more coordination with the embassies of countries where women are manipulated and deceived" (3).
Aug. 16, 2020, 7:27 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Kyrgyzstan announced steps toward repatriating some of the hundreds of citizens detained in Iraq as spouses and children of Islamic State (ISIS) suspects, and said it already had an agreement to return some 70 children from Iraq" (para 14).
Aug. 12, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Three special courts that prosecute slavery-related crimes have tried a handful of cases since their creation under a 2015 law. According to the 2019 US State Department Trafficking in Persons Report, Mauritania investigated four cases, prosecuted one alleged trafficker, but did not convict any. Nine appeals cases remained pending at the anti-slavery court" (para 20).
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

“Nigeria's anti-trafficking agency said it has found thousands of missing girls and women in southern Mali, many of whom were sold as sex slaves. According to the agency, NAPTIP, there are between 20,000 and 45,000 kidnapped Nigerian women in Mali it intends to return to Nigeria” (para 1-2). “The United Nations has criticised Nigeria for failing to tackle human trafficking after a human rights mission looked at efforts to stamp out the organised trade in people” (para 13).
July 28, 2020, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Women identified/screened as being trafficked are supported through the Human Trafficking Visa Framework (HTVF) and are provided a 45-day Bridging Visa F (BVF). They are also referred to the Support for Trafficked People Program (STPP). BVF can be extended for another 45 days or longer while a victim of trafficking is assisting in criminal justice process. If after the 45 days, women are unwilling or unable to assist AFP in criminal justice proceedings they are exited from the STPP which means they do not have access to the HTVF. This leaves women in vulnerable situations. While they may have access to other visas including claiming refugee status and complementary protection,lxxi...more
June 23, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"In order to combat human trafficking in Tajikistan, an act on combating human trafficking was in effect until July 2014. On 26 July 2014, a new act, on combating human trafficking and providing assistance to victims, was adopted. The act establishes the organizational and legal framework for combating human trafficking and a system of measures for protection of and assistance to victims of trafficking and their rehabilitation. It also governs social relations in combating human trafficking and the provision of assistance to victims. A distinctive feature of the new act is that it provides for comprehensive measures to assist victims" (12). "A national plan for the prevention of human trafficking...more
June 23, 2020, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the measures taken by the State party against trafficking in persons and the establishment of a data-collection system on victims of trafficking in 2012 (…) b) The uncertain funding prospects for non-governmental organizations (NGOs) running shelters and providing assistance to victims of trafficking; (c) The lack of gender-sensitive support services for victims of trafficking and of witness protection programmes; (d) The lack of information about exploitation of prostitution in the State party and the relationship thereof with trafficking in persons, as well as the lack of prevention and rehabilitation measures for victims of sexual exploitation and the insufficient support for women and girls who wish to leave...more
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Strategy to prevent and eliminate Trafficking in Human Beings, in particular Women and Children, and to protect Victims of Human Trafficking in the Republic of Serbia 2017–2022 and the accompanying Action Plan are pending adoption. Currently in force is the Strategy to combat Trafficking in Human Beings in the R Serbia of 2006, which covers an unlimited time span" (25). "Pursuant to a Decision passed by the Government, the Centre for the Protection of Victims of Human Trafficking was formed in April 2012. The Centre, as a social protection institution, assesses the situation, needs and strengths of victims of human trafficking and the risks they face, identifies victims of...more
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"As of November 28, the United Nations reported that it had received six allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse against South African peacekeepers during the year. Three allegations of exploitative relationships and three allegations of the solicitation of transactional sex were made against members of the military contingent serving with the UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. As of November, three of the allegations were substantiated, resulting in repatriation; and three allegations were still pending investigation" (4).
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Human trafficking is inconceivable in the DPRK. However, during the reporting period, abduction and trafficking of our citizens were persistently committed under the manipulation of the south Korean authorities hell-bent on tarnishing the image of the DPRK. Some of the victims returned home, exposing to the whole world the anti-DPRK plots and crime against humanity committed by the south Korean authorities. However, there are still a lot of women in south Korea lured thereto by human smugglers, wishing to return home in vain. For instance, as reported by the foreign media in 2015, a woman who was lured to south Korea during her visit to her relatives abroad has been...more
May 21, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"As a result of the commitments undertaken by the State of Guatemala in connection with international legal instruments on the subject, through the SVET and in coordination with tourist industry associations, such as the Chamber of Tourism (CANTUR), the Hotel Owners of Guatemala Foundation (FUNGUAT), the Convention Bureau of Guatemala, the Association of Small Hotel Owners of Guatemala (APEHGUA) and international cooperation agencies, like the Association for the Elimination of Child and Adolescent Prostitution (ECPAT Guatemala) and UNICEF Guatemala, a national prevention and protection plan was drawn up against the sexual exploitation of children and adolescents in the travel and tourism sector. The plan led to the setting up of...more
May 15, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"There are low rates of prosecution and conviction in cases of trafficking" (9). "There is a lack of attention to exploitation that includes forced labour, servitude, slavery and analogous practices, priority being accorded to trafficking and the exploitation of prostitution" (9). "There is a lack of adequate mechanisms to identify and refer victims of trafficking in need of protection, in particular minors, who are often considered offenders and irregular migrants, not victims, and the lack of sufficient data on victims of trafficking" (9).
April 24, 2020, 9:25 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Reports indicated government officials, security forces, and others committed sexual exploitation--including sex trafficking--and such exploitation was a major concern in state-run IDP camps, informal camps, and local communities in and around Maiduguri, the Borno State capital, and across the Northeast. “Gatekeepers” in control of some IDP camps, at times in collusion with police officers and soldiers, reportedly forced women and girls to provide sex acts in exchange for food and services in the camps; in July 2016 an NGO reported camp leaders, policemen, soldiers, and vigilante groups exploited 37 women and children in sex trafficking among seven IDP camps in Maiduguri. During the reporting period, the government arrested several individuals...more
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee appreciates the efforts made by the State party to prosecute perpetrators of trafficking in persons, in particular women and girls, the implementation of awareness-raising campaigns on the risks of trafficking, and the assistance provided to victims. It also notes that a bill on trafficking is under development. It is, however, concerned about: (a) The relatively low number of prosecutions and convictions of traffickers, inter alia because of insufficient resources allocated to law enforcement; (b) Insufficient prevention efforts, as demonstrated by the reported increase in trafficking in adolescent girls for purposes of sexual slavery under the pretext of offering them opportunities to study or work abroad" (8).more
April 3, 2020, 9:50 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

Table 3 shows the number of rulings on human trafficking case by investigating judges in 2016. A total of 84 cases were processed (2). Table 4 shows the number of court rulings on human trafficking case by trial judges in 2016. 138 cases were processed, and the grat majority were in process and a few had a detention (2).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"There were some reports of women being trafficked and prostituted out of shelters. Shelter staff reportedly sometimes discriminated against women in shelters; they assumed that if women fled their homes, it was because they were women of ill repute. In some cases, women were reportedly abused at the government-run shelters, found their movements severely restricted, or were pressured to return to their abusers" (39). "The 1961 Suppression of Prostitution Ordinance and portions of the penal code are intended to protect children from sexual exploitation though socioeconomic vulnerabilities led to the sexual exploitation of children, including sex trafficking, and authorities did not regularly enforce these laws" (43).
March 28, 2020, 7:56 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Princess, a 42-year-old mother of four from Nigeria’s southern Akwa Ibom state, has spent the last 17 years working for Progetto Integrazione Accoglienza Migranti (PIAM), a migrant rights and anti-trafficking organisation in the city. According to her, most – if not all – of the Nigerian prostitutes working on Asti’s streets tonight are victims of trafficking. Princess knows first-hand about the horrors these women are living through. In 1999 she was trafficked herself from her home in Nigeria to the streets of Turin" (para 2-3). "For nearly three decades, a thriving sex-trafficking industry has been operating between Nigeria and Italy. Many experts believe the trade in women started in the...more
March 16, 2020, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"There is inadequate effort to protect victims. Comprehensive victim identification and assistance statistics have not been compiled to allow systematic identification of victims and their transfers or referrals to protective services. While the MOLSAMD reported that it had created a referral system, it was not known whether this was used or disseminated for proper monitoring of victims." (8). "As noted above, women and girls who are displaced from their homes are often vulnerable to sexual and physical violence and to exploitation by human traffickers." (14).
Feb. 15, 2020, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Another powerful instrument is the National Anti-Trafficking Toll-Free Helpline. Within this framework, victims of trafficking benefit from special residence permit for social protection, which can be granted upon participation in the “Article 18 programme”. The permit, renewable for one year, is valid for six months. It can be converted into a residence permit for education or work purposes." (para 63). "...the above Legislative Decree officially recognizes DEO as the equivalent mechanism and national contact point for the EU Anti-Trafficking Coordinator. By this Decree, the above two programmes have been incorporated in a more structured one to ensure victim’s better integration. This Decree entitles victims to the right to compensation, (1,500...more
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-DATA-1

"As of August 31, the ISF investigated 15 cases of human trafficking involving 21 victims of sexual exploitation and referred them to the judiciary. The Ministry of Justice reported investigating 80 suspected traffickers, of whom the government charged and prosecuted 61 under the antitrafficking law" (30).