The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption and establishment of the following: . . . (c) National task force against trafficking in persons, in 2011. The Committee welcomes the fact that, in the period since the consideration of the previous report, the State party has ratified the following international instruments: . . . (b) United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, in...more
Nov. 30, 2018, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"In October 2016 the government, with support from UNICEF, launched 'Child Helpline--1098,' a free telephone service designed to help children facing violence, abuse, and exploitation. Despite advances, including establishing a monitoring agency in the Ministry of Home Affairs, trafficking of children and inadequate care and protection for survivors of trafficking continued to be problems" (27). "The law also provides that victims of forced labor have access to shelter and other protective services afforded to trafficking victims" (36).
Nov. 30, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The government also continued efforts to prevent the sexual exploitation of children through the creation of a national coordinating committee in 2016 and the development of a code of ethics for the tourism industry" (12).1
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The National Refugee Commission (COMAR) and CNDH visited daily, and the INM and Children and Family Services’ officials took trafficking and other victims to designated shelters. Human rights pamphlets were available in many different languages. The CNDH reported that some police, immigration officers, and customs officials violated the rights of undocumented migrants and failed to provide for their safety" (p. 15).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The National Refugee Commission (COMAR) and CNDH visited daily, and the INM and Children and Family Services’ officials took trafficking and other victims to designated shelters. Human rights pamphlets were available in many different languages. The CNDH reported that some police, immigration officers, and customs officials violated the rights of undocumented migrants and failed to provide for their safety" (p. 15).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The law generally prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor, and the government generally enforced such laws effectively. Forced labor generally did not occur, although some families sent their children to work on the streets selling items and begging (see section 7.c.). Women and refugees were vulnerable to trafficking. The government and NGOs reported traffickers increasingly used psychological coercion, threats, and debt bondage to compel victims into sex trafficking. The government demonstrated weak efforts in preventing trafficking but some improvements in identifying trafficking victims. Penalties for trafficking violations range from eight to 12 years’ imprisonment and were sufficiently stringent compared with other serious crimes. The law allows the use...more
Nov. 16, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The law mandates the government take appropriate measures to eliminate all forms of discrimination and exploitation of women, including trafficking… The government generally enforced this law" (14).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government enacted the Anti-Trafficking in Persons Law in 2005 and has established a Central Body for the Suppression of Trafficking in Persons. Despite these efforts, trafficking remains prevalent in Burma and Burma remains “a source country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and for women and children subjected to sex trafficking.” After being placed in Tier 3 (the worst) by the U.S. Department of State Trafficking in Persons Report from 2008-2011, Burma moved up to Tier 2 Watch List in 2012 and has remained in this category for the last two years. Burma continues as a Tier 2 country because the prevalence of trafficking cases remains...more
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities enforced the law" (10).
Nov. 15, 2018, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that women and girls have been subjected to increasing levels and different types of gender-based violence, such as domestic violence, forced disappearances, torture and murders, especially feminicide, by state actors, including law enforcement officials and the security forces, as well as by non-state actors such as organized crime groups" (3). "However, it is concerned that the different levels of authority and competences within the State party’s federal structure result in a differentiated application of the law depending on whether or not appropriate harmonization of the relevant legislation has been conducted at the state level, such as with respect to the principle of non-discrimination and equality between...more
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"A section of the Office of the Chief State Prosecutor helped to provide access to justice for victims of crime. The section provided free legal assistance for victims of all crimes, with a special focus on victims of domestic violence, trafficking in persons, child abuse, and rape" (para 53). "The Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare included a unit dedicated to family violence. The Kosovo Academy for Public Safety incorporated courses on human rights and work with victims of domestic violence, rape, and human trafficking into all of its basic training curricula for police cadets" (para 115)
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor, except when it is a consequence of a court sentencing or a condition of a state of emergency or martial law. The government did not effectively enforce applicable law. Resources, inspections, and remediation were not sufficient to deter violations. Violations of labor law may result in an administrative penalty, such as a fine, or in civil or criminal liability. The Ministry of Health and Social Development is responsible for handling issues related to labor. Labor inspectors are responsible for enforcing law, including prevention of forced labor. By law labor inspectors conduct inspections to detect safety and other labor violations. In...more
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Other major human rights problems included: . . . trafficking in persons; and child labor, including forced child labor" (page 1). "The law was not effectively enforced. Among areas where it occurred, including in the southeast gold mining region of Kedougou, exploitation of women and girls in prostitution was a problem. . . . There were no reports of child sex tourism" (page 18).
Oct. 25, 2018, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"In addition to the atrocities in Rakhine State... authorities’ human rights violations against civilians in other ethnic minority areas and conflict zones, particularly in Kachin State and Shan State; continued... trafficking in persons, including forced labor of adults and children" (1-2). "Children were subjected to sex trafficking in the country, and a small number of foreign child sex tourists exploited children" (41).
Oct. 12, 2018, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Edo State government has also been involved in fighting against trafficking. During a recent advocacy visit to Godwin Obaseki the Edo State Governor, he revealed the plans of his government to ensure the eradication of human trafficking and irregular migration affecting the region by 2020, mainly through its new Anti-Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants (TiP/SoM) Taskforce — established in 2017 in a bid to provide home-grown solutions to 'the menace which has bedeviled the society'" (para 13).
Oct. 5, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with appreciation the efforts undertaken by the State party to combat trafficking in persons and to protect victims of trafficking, but is seriously concerned that the growth of unemployment, corruption, the decline in standards of living of the population, the ongoing crisis and insufficient implementation of anti-trafficking legislation and related action plans create favourable conditions for the alarming situation of widespread trafficking in the State party. The Committee is further concerned at the reports of violence and discrimination against women in prostitution, which results in various forms of abuse, including extortion, beatings, exploitation of women under so-called “subbotnik” schemes, and rape, the limited assistance available to them...more
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"In the IKR, three labor ministry-operated women’s shelters provided some protection and assistance for victims of gender-based violence and human trafficking. Space was limited, and service delivery was poor. Instead of using legal remedies, authorities frequently attempted to mediate between women and their families so that the women returned to their homes. Other than marrying or returning to their families, which often resulted in further victimization by the family or community, there were few options for women accommodated at shelters" (para 243). "The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor--including slavery, indebtedness, and trafficking in persons--but the government did not effectively monitor or enforce the law " (para...more
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The National Committee for Human Rights has worked to establish the unit to receive complaints, including women’s complaints in general and the complaints of domestic workers who are subjected to violence. The unit sees to it that justice is done for women and ensures the rehabilitation of women, including foreign workers" (Pg 14). "The Sultanate’s initial national report stated that Oman is largely free of human trafficking and the exploitation of women in prostitution. The Sultanate is continuing efforts to counter such problems, which appear from time to time due to illegal immigration. It strengthened procedures for granting work or visit permits to preclude the importation of women for trafficking...more
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, the LRA reported that officers were adequately trained to identify cases of forced labor and stated that the Prevention of Human Trafficking Act provided an effective solution" (24). "The Prevention of Human Trafficking Act, which prohibits many, but not all, forms of labor trafficking, provides for penalties of up to 10 years’ imprisonment; however, authorities did not prosecute any labor recruiters or agencies engaged in fraudulent practices" (25).
Sept. 10, 2018, 9:57 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"A leading barrister and adviser to the United Nations has warned the government is failing to recognise these people, and thousands like them, as requiring the same protection as those suffering other forms of exploitation" (para. 13). "The Home Office said the government’s forced marriage unit provided support in almost 1,200 potential cases last year. Since its introduction in 2008, there have been more than 1,500 forced marriage protection orders issued" (para. 31).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The commercial sexual exploitation of trafficked teenage girls remained a problem" (14). "Unaccompanied children remained particularly vulnerable to labor exploitation, sex trafficking, and forced begging...There were reports that criminals subjected children to trafficking in the sex trade and forced begging. Police databases do not automatically register foreign children intercepted at the borders, making them vulnerable to exploitation including forced begging and commercial sexual exploitation (see section 6, Children)" (20).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"...the Committee expresses its deep concern at the reported lack of preventive measures to address the root causes of trafficking, as well as at the lack of an victim identification mechanism to facilitate the enforcement of the new law, rehabilitation, protection and provision of temporary shelters for women and girls victims of trafficking" (5).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The law consolidated and gave legal status to the specialized intervention body to respond to alerts of a possible case of trafficking, known as the immediate response team (ERI). This team has a mandate to hear cases and accredits victims and registers them. Although this register is a significant step forward, it does not take account of all victims, because, in addition to cases that are not detected, many of them cannot be channelled through the inter-agency platform’s services (CONATT) and for that reason are not accredited and registered" (20). " Lastly, it is worth mentioning that the Costa Rican Government has entered into partnerships with tourism firms to combat...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, IRP-LAW-2

"'In Italy, we’re very good at the process of emergency reception—the humanitarian aspect,' Salvatore Vella, a prosecutor in the Sicilian city of Agrigento, told me. 'They arrive. We give them something to eat. We put them in a reception center. But after that? There is no solution. What do we do with these people?'” (para 109). Italy tries to treat trafficking victims with respect and compassion, but has no plan in place for providing for them past the point of reception (AA-CODER COMMENT). "The authorities listened to her story, then repatriated her to Benin City" (para 114). This is an example of a trafficked sex worker being returned to her...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"On December 28, the foreign ministers of Japan and the Republic of Korea jointly announced they had reached an agreement that they said 'finally and irreversibly' addressed the treatment of World War II “comfort women” (women trafficked for sexual purposes). The announcement, which met some civil society criticism, noted the Japanese prime minister’s “most sincere apologies and remorse,” and a commitment by the Japanese government to provide 1 billion yen ($8.3 million) for a foundation to be established by the Republic of Korea to provide support for the former 'comfort women'" (15).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:06 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"On December 28, the foreign ministers of Japan and the Republic of Korea jointly announced they had reached an agreement that they said 'finally and irreversibly' addressed the treatment of World War II “comfort women” (women trafficked for sexual purposes). The announcement, which met some civil society criticism, noted the Japanese prime minister’s “most sincere apologies and remorse,” and a commitment by the Japanese government to provide 1 billion yen ($8.3 million) for a foundation to be established by the Republic of Korea to provide support for the former 'comfort women'" (15).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The government, in concert with nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), operated programs to reintegrate children out of prostitution through vocational training and educational opportunities" (10).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The government continued to prosecute accused pedophiles and deport those who were foreigners" (29).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"In April the government reaffirmed its “zero tolerance” policy for human trafficking and re-emphasized combatting trafficking in persons (TIP) as a national priority. The government established a new prime minister-led national committee to combat human trafficking, forced labor, child labor, illegal migration, and illegal fishing to address problems in a more integrated manner" (49).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

""[The Committee] remains concerned about the following: … The inadequate provision of essential services and support to victims of gender-based violence, especially victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation or labour exploitation, and victims of domestic violence" (6). "The Committee is particularly concerned about the following: (a) The limited progress in addressing the root causes of trafficking within the State party, including poverty, lack of economic opportunities and statelessness, in particular in rural and remote areas; (b) The lack of effective identification of victims of trafficking in practice, the adoption of new guidelines notwithstanding; (c) The prevalence of corruption and official complicity in trafficking cases, which continue to impede efforts to...more