The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo

"Government security forces, as well as rebel and militia groups (RMGs) continued to commit abuses, primarily in the east and the central Kasai region. These abuses included unlawful killings, disappearances, torture, destruction of government and private property, and SGBV. RMGs also recruited, abducted, and retained child soldiers and compelled forced labor. The government took military action against some RMGs but had limited ability to investigate abuses and bring the accused to trial (see section 1.g.)" (page 2). "The constitution prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor. Under the labor code, forced labor is punishable by a maximum of six months’ imprisonment, a fine, or both; forced child labor is...more
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros

"Resources, inspections, and remediation were inadequate. Financial penalties, however, for those who violated the law served as an effective deterrent. Penalties for conviction include from one to six months in prison, a fine of from 50,000 to 200,000 Comorian francs ($113 to $450) for those who abuse their authority to compel someone to work for them or for someone else, or both imprisonment and a fine. Penalties for conviction of trafficking a minor are 10 to 20 years’ imprisonment and a fine of 30 million Comorian francs ($67,600). The government did not make tangible efforts to prosecute traffickers and protect victims" (page 13).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad

"Government efforts to enforce the law were not entirely effective. Title 5 of the labor code prohibits forced and bonded labor, prescribing fines of 50,000 to 500,000 CFA francs ($88 to $883), but not imprisonment; these penalties were not sufficiently stringent to deter this form of trafficking and do not reflect the serious nature of the crimes. There are no penalties for forced prison labor, which was common, according to human rights NGOs. Resources, inspections, and remediation with regard to forced labor were inadequate. Forced labor, including forced child labor, occurred in the informal sector. Children and adults in rural areas were involved in forced agricultural labor and, in urban...more
July 21, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India

"On June 9, 2015, two days after Babita’s demand for crab curry was met, she and 30 other tribal girls—aged 3-11 years—were made to board a train by two women, Korobi Basumatary and Sandhyaben Tikde, of two Sangh parivar outfits, the Rashtra Sevika Samiti and Sewa Bharati, on the promise of education in Punjab and Gujarat. The girls were from five border districts of Assam, Kokrajhar, Goalpara, Dhubri, Chirang and Bongaigaon... government documents to expose how different Sangh outfits trafficked 31 tribal girls as young as three years from tribal areas of Assam to Punjab and Gujarat. Orders to return the children to Assam—including those from the Assam State Commission...more
July 20, 2019, 10:39 p.m.
Countries: Armenia

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption or establishment of the following: (...) (c) Fourth national programme on combating trafficking in persons for the period 2013-2015, in February 2013" (2). "National programme for the social and psychological recovery of victims of trafficking, in 2010" (2). "The Committee welcomes the introduction of regulations to identify and assist victims of trafficking and exploitation. It notes the establishment of the Council on Human Exploitation (now called the Interministerial Council on the Fight against Trafficking in Persons and Exploitation), along...more
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger

"The Committee remains concerned in particular that the practice of wahaya, characterized as a form of slavery, including sexual slavery, and female genital mutilation persists in the State party. It notes with concern the low number of prosecutions under the Criminal Code provisions prohibiting slavery (arts. 270.1-270.3) to criminalize perpetrators of wahaya and the low conviction rates in cases of female genital mutilation" (7). "The Committee welcomes the enhanced legal and institutional framework of the State party to combat trafficking in persons, including the establishment of the National Committee to Coordinate Action against Trafficking in Persons and the National Agency to Combat Trafficking in Persons, respectively, and the associated action...more
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey

"Although government efforts to prevent trafficking continued with mixed effect, it made improvements in identifying trafficking victims nationwide . . . The government did not make data on the number of arrests and convictions related to trafficking publicly available" (page 62).
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia

"The Committee notes the creation of a programme to support and protect the victims of trafficking in persons and the establishment of an information centre on efforts to combat trafficking in persons and crime prevention in 2008, but notes with concern: (a) The ineffective identification of victims of trafficking in persons and the lenient sentencing of perpetrators, including many suspended sentences; (b) The lack of comprehensive disaggregated data on sexual exploitation, including forced prostitution; (c) The greater vulnerability of Roma women and girls to trafficking, including internal trafficking, for the purposes of sexual exploitation" (6).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore

"The lack of access to sufficient measures of support and protection on the part of victims of trafficking, including to the right to opportunities for decent work, shelters providing adequate services to victims and physical and psychosocial recovery services and facilities" (6).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand

"The government made efforts throughout the year to combat the sexual exploitation of children, including opening two new child advocacy centers in Pattaya and Phuket that allow for developmentally appropriate interviews of child victims and witnesses. The centers allowed both forensic interviewing and early social service intervention in cases of child abuse, trafficking, and exploitation. The multiagency Thailand Internet Crimes against Children Task Force also accelerated its operations, leveraging updated regulations and investigative methods to track internet-facilitated child exploitation" (page 31). "A 2016 policy change allowed the government to address a chronic shortage of interpreters for labor inspections and identification of victims of trafficking. The Ministry of Labor doubled the...more
July 14, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia

"Traffickers recruited girls as young as age 11 to work in brothels. Young girls were trafficked from rural to urban areas and exploited as prostitutes in hotels, bars, resort towns, and rural truck stops" (p. 30).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia

"In 2015, the PDWA reported that relevant institutions intervened and facilitated support to 708 victims of domestic violence, 179 cases of rape and 35 cases of trafficking in persons. The number of GBV survivors receiving counseling increased from 2,565 in 2014–2015 to 3,067 in 2015–2016. This is an indication of increases in both access to support services by GBV survivors and efforts to de-stigmatize victims of GBV violence. (...) From 2015–2017, CNCW provided support to 223 female survivors of violence through JPOs, including 84 cases of domestic violence, 134 cases of rape, 4 trafficking cases, and 1 case of sexual harassment" (15). "Enhancing prevention is one of the strategies of...more
July 11, 2019, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh

"The Committee is concerned that trafficking in women and girls remains prevalent in the State party, which is a source country and, in some cases, a transit country" (6).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia

"The constitution prohibits forced and compulsory labor. The law also prohibits all forms of labor trafficking and “slavery or a relationship similar to slavery.” The government enforced the law, but forced labor still occurred. . . . Penalties for violations were generally sufficient to deter violations." (page 31). "Resources, inspections, and remediation were not adequate to enforce the law effectively in both the formal and informal sectors. The law provides penalties for parents or guardians who force a minor to engage in begging, excessive labor, or labor incompatible with his or her age, but it was inconsistently enforced" (page 32).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the following: (g) Adoption of the national strategy against trafficking in persons, covering the period 2012-2016, in 2011" (2). "The Committee notes that the criminal involvement of a public official in trafficking has been made an aggravating circumstance in the new Criminal Code. It is concerned, however, at: (a) The significant number of Romanian women who are trafficked abroad and the trafficking of women with disabilities; (b) The absence of investigations into public officials suspected of involvement in cases of trafficking...more
July 8, 2019, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan

"Ostensibly to combat trafficking in persons, government regulations require male relatives of women between ages 18 and 35 to submit a statement pledging that the women would not engage in illegal behavior, including prostitution, while abroad" (Pg 21).
July 8, 2019, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Burundi

"Act No. 1/28 of 29 October 2014, on the prevention and the repression of trafficking in persons and the protection of victims" (2). "The Committee welcomes the law adopted in 2014 on the prevention of trafficking in persons and the protection of trafficking victims, and notes its implementation through a multisectoral action plan (2014-2017) and the establishment of a national committee (...) It notes the insufficient budget of the National Committee to perform its mandate. It regrets the absence of a disaggregated data collection system on both trafficking in women and girls and exploitation of prostitution, including on the number of victims, investigations, prosecutions, convictions and punishments" (8).more
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal

"Procuring a minor for prostitution is punishable by imprisonment for two to five years and a fine of 300,000 to four million CFA francs ($551 to $7,352). If the crime involves a victim younger than 13, the maximum penalty is applied. The law was not effectively enforced, but when cases were referred to law enforcement, authorities conducted follow-up investigations" (page 18). "The practice of forced begging, however, continued largely unabated, and there were no arrests, prosecutions, or convictions in connection with forced begging during the year. The government did not effectively enforce applicable laws against forced labor, and such practices continued to occur, particularly forced child labor, including forced begging...more
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania

"The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor, but the government did not always effectively enforce the law. Lack of coordination among ministries and the sporadic nature of implementation of standard operating procedures hampered enforcement. Penalties of eight to 15 years in prison were sufficiently stringent to deter violations, but they were seldom enforced. Law enforcement organizations trained their officers to adopt a victim-centered approach to human trafficking. The government continued to identify trafficking victims but prosecuted and convicted a small number of traffickers. The Office of the National Antitrafficking Coordinator increased government efforts to prevent trafficking through awareness activities" (page 23). "The law criminalizes exploitation of children...more
June 25, 2019, 9:19 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of legislation against trafficking in persons, a national plan to prevent and combat trafficking in persons and of a general protocol on responding to persons affected by trafficking. It remains concerned, however, that the State party continues to be a country of origin, transit and destination for internal and international trafficking in women and girls, and at: (a) The absence of a gender and intercultural perspective in the strategy against trafficking in persons, despite the fact that all cases of trafficking in persons for purposes of sexual exploitation registered with the Public Prosecution Service over the past five years concerned women and despite the vulnerability...more
June 24, 2019, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: Cyprus

"The most significant problems during the year remained trafficking in persons for sexual exploitation and labor; police abuse and degrading treatment of persons in custody and asylum seekers; and violence against women, including spousal abuse" (Pg 1).
June 21, 2019, 7:59 a.m.
Countries: Tajikistan

"According to an NGO working with victims of domestic violence, sexual exploitation, and sex trafficking, there were several cases in which family members or third parties forced children into prostitution in nightclubs and in private homes" (p. 24).
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala

"The Committee is concerned, however, about the high incidence of trafficking in women and girls, in particular indigenous women, women of African descent and rural women, for purposes of forced labour and sexual exploitation (…) Low rates of prosecution and sentencing of perpetrators of trafficking in women and girls and the reported cases of the collusion of public officials in cases of trafficking and exploitation of prostitution, including in State-run institutions, such as child protection institutions and hospitals; Complaints about abuse and trafficking of girls, with the reported complicity of the authorities, in Hogar Seguro Virgen de la Asunción, a State residential institution for children in vulnerable situations where 41...more
June 8, 2019, 3:40 p.m.
Countries: Israel

"The Knesset on Monday gave final approval to a bill that punishes johns caught hiring sex workers." (para 1). "The new law, approved in its second and third readings by 34 MKs, with none voting against, will criminalize procuring the services of a prostitute, as well as presence in a location chiefly used for prostitution, such as a brothel." (para 2). "First-time offenders will be fined NIS 2,000 ($530), with the sum doubled for repeat offenses within three years. Prosecutors will also be empowered to indict prostitution clients in certain cases, with a maximum penalty fine of NIS 75,300 ($20,400)." (para 3). "Punishing prostitution clients was first introduced by Sweden...more
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan

"The government-run center for trafficking victims in Amman, Dar al-Karamah, assisted victims of trafficking" (31).
June 7, 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde

"In 2012 the National Immigration Strategy was approved (Resolution 3/2012, 23 January) and in 2013 its Action Plan (2013–2016), foreseeing improved management of irregular migrations and HT (strategic pillar I on Migration Flows), improved data collection and treatment and studies (strategic pillar II on Data and Research); and addressing FGM, early marriage and gender equality issues, through information and education sessions (strategic pillar V on Integration of Immigrants)" (15). "In July 2017 the Ministry of Justice launched at national level the Blue Heart Campaign against HT, involving different departments and personalities, including the police, defence, justice, education, human rights, childhood and gender equality, as well as CSO, media and international...more
June 4, 2019, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Austria

"The project IBEMA (2015-2019) aims to facilitate the identification of victims of trafficking. The main goal is to offer extensive training for judges of the Federal Administrative Court, officials who are responsible for asylum procedures at the Federal Office for Immigration and Asylum as well as legal consultants and counsellors in the asylum procedure. In total, 20 training courses have been offered in all provinces in cooperation with IOM, UNHCR, the Criminal Intelligence Service Austria, the LEFÖ intervention centre for trafficked women, the MEN VIA (support for men who are affected by human trafficking) and the public child protection centre Drehscheibe in Vienna. Practical training sessions and workshops were held...more
May 28, 2019, 9:34 p.m.
Countries: Russia

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts at the regional and international levels to combat trafficking in persons, including through the conclusion of bilateral and multilateral agreements, but is concerned at: (a) The absence of a national action plan on trafficking, as well as of a coordinating body and the lack of coordination among the relevant State structures; (b) The lack of information on the number of complaints, investigations, prosecutions and convictions relating to trafficking in women and girls and on support and rehabilitation programmes for victims" (6-7).
May 28, 2019, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Sweden

"The Action plan against prostitution and human trafficking for sexual purposes, in 2008" (2). "The Committee welcomes the amendments to the Criminal Code to strengthen the protection of women from trafficking and sexual exploitation (…) The Committee is concerned, however, at the lack of systematically organized protection, rehabilitation and reintegration measures for victims of trafficking as well as of disaggregated data to determine the scale of the phenomenon. It is also concerned at the limited availability of programmes for women who wish to leave prostitution" (8).
May 28, 2019, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic

"The Committee notes as positive that the State party has begun consideration of draft legislation on regulating prostitution, but notes with concern: (a) The low number of prosecutions and convictions of perpetrators of trafficking in women and girls; (b) The vulnerability of Roma and migrant women and girls to becoming victims of trafficking for purposes of sexual exploitation and forced labour; (c) The inadequacy of long-term support for victims of forced prostitution and the lack of exit programmes for women wishing to leave prostitution; (d) The absence of specific measures for the implementation of the European Parliament resolution of 26 February 2014 on sexual exploitation and prostitution and its impact...more