The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

Nov. 10, 2017, 1:09 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"There were an estimated 50,000 to 60,000 North Korean citizens working as overseas laborers, primarily in Russia and China. The UN Special Rapporteur on the DPRK noted that, while most were sent to Russia and China to work, they were also reportedly found in Algeria, Angola, Cambodia, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Kuwait, Libya, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nigeria, Oman, Poland, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. Numerous NGOs noted that these citizens were in conditions of forced labor. NGO reports indicated the laborers were managed by the government as a matter of state policy and were under constant and close surveillance by DPRK security agents. Laborers worked between 12 and 16 hours ...more
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:09 p.m.
Countries: Angola, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Kuwait, Libya, Malaysia, Mongolia, Nigeria, Oman, Poland, Qatar, United Arab Emirates
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"There were an estimated 50,000 to 60,000 North Korean citizens working as overseas laborers, primarily in Russia and China. The UN Special Rapporteur on the DPRK noted that, while most were sent to Russia and China to work, they were also reportedly found in Algeria, Angola, Cambodia, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Kuwait, Libya, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nigeria, Oman, Poland, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. Numerous NGOs noted that these citizens were in conditions of forced labor. NGO reports indicated the laborers were managed by the government as a matter of state policy and were under constant and close surveillance by DPRK security agents. Laborers worked between 12 and 16 hours ...more
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:09 p.m.
Countries: China, Russia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"There were an estimated 50,000 to 60,000 North Korean citizens working as overseas laborers, primarily in Russia and China. The UN Special Rapporteur on the DPRK noted that, while most were sent to Russia and China to work, they were also reportedly found in Algeria, Angola, Cambodia, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Kuwait, Libya, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nigeria, Oman, Poland, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. Numerous NGOs noted that these citizens were in conditions of forced labor. NGO reports indicated the laborers were managed by the government as a matter of state policy and were under constant and close surveillance by DPRK security agents. Laborers worked between 12 and 16 hours ...more
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"There were reports of female victims of trafficking among refugees and workers crossing the border into China"(1)."There were reports of trafficking in young girls to destinations outside the country. Little information was available regarding the sexual exploitation of children"(14)."There were an estimated 50,000 to 60,000 North Korean citizens working as overseas laborers, primarily in Russia and China. The UN Special Rapporteur on the DPRK noted that, while most were sent to Russia and China to work, they were also reportedly found in Algeria, Angola, Cambodia, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Kuwait, Libya, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nigeria, Oman, Poland, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. Numerous NGOs noted that these citizens were in ...more
Oct. 26, 2017, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"This passion for justice and understanding has fueled both Stark's work on the groundbreaking novel 'Nickels: A Tale of Dissociation' and her research for the first-ever study of prostitution and trafficking of indigenous women, titled 'Garden of Truth: The Prostitution and Trafficking of Native Women in Minnesota'"(para 2)."92 percent wanted to escape prostitution"(para 9). This result is from a study of 105 Native women in Minnesota who have been sexually trafficked (ENB-Coder Comment)
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1

"Twin quakes in April and May 2015 killed some 9,000 people in the Himalayan nation, leaving many women to fend for themselves in a country where widows face hostility, abuse, discrimination and even enslavement"(para 4)."In 2008, in recognition of the large number of war widows and popular aversion to widow remarriage, the government put forward a scheme to pay men a 50,000 rupee ($460) incentive to marry widows.But widows protested, saying the proposal was open to abuse by traffickers and would turn them into commodities. Nepal’s Supreme Court ordered the government to ditch the initiative"(para 22-23)
Oct. 2, 2017, 7:19 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The definition of sex trafficking in US federal law equates trafficking and pimping, as it describes the activities that pimps engage in. There is no requirement of force, fraud or coercion"(para 9)."The organisation [New York State Anti-Trafficking Coalition] recently submitted a White Paper to the new police commissioner, which spells out the fact that arresting the women for prostitution is re-victimising them and is often strengthening the power of their exploiters, both pimps and buyers"(para 15)."'We're not saying all prostitution is trafficking,' says Leidholdt, 'we're acknowledging that some people, a very tiny percentage, may make an affirmative choice, but usually the options are very constrained. Prostitution is invariably a condition ...more
Sept. 15, 2017, 7:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1

"'The most important aspect of this law is to accompany prostitutes, give them identity papers because we know that 85 percent of prostitutes here are victims of trafficking,' Maud Olivier, a lawmaker with the governing Socialists and a sponsor of the legislation, told The Associated Press.Olivier said that many of the sex workers who arrive in France have their passports confiscated by pimps"(para 7-8)
Aug. 23, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

“Girls being trafficked for sex in northern Mexico often have been forced into exploitation as under-age child brides by their husbands, a study showed on Thursday. Three out of four girls trafficked in the region were married at a young age, mostly before age 16, according to Mexican and U.S. researchers in a yet-unpublished study” (para 1-2). “The researchers interviewed 603 women working in the sex industry in the Mexican cities of Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez, both along the border with the United States. Most said they had been trafficked as under-age brides, often by their husbands, said Jay Silverman, the study's lead author and a professor of medicine at ...more
Aug. 14, 2017, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"From morning to night, Mexican banda music blares out from the dingy bars in Mexico's southern border city of Tapachula where thousands of Central American women sell sex to fund their dream of reaching the United States.Rights groups estimate 30,000 migrants, mostly from Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala, are working in bars in shopping streets and red light districts in the bustling city near the Guatemala border that has become a trafficking hotspot"(para 1-2)."Traffickers, called enganchadores, lurk in migrant shelters on the prowl for potential victims, often young female migrants travelling alone with their children"(para 10)."It usually starts with a trafficker befriending a migrant, showering her with gifts, kind words ...more
July 20, 2017, 8:32 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Thousands of people – largely poor, rural women and children – are lured to India's towns and cities each year by traffickers who promise good jobs, but sell them into modern day slavery. Some end up as domestic workers, or forced to work in small industries such as textile workshops, farming or are even pushed into brothels where they are sexually exploited. In many cases, they are not paid or are held in debt bondage. Some go missing, and their families cannot trace them" (para 8-10).
June 22, 2017, 10:06 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"One...business involved peep shows where girls between 15 and 17 years old sat in their school uniforms folding paper cranes, their legs arranged so their underwear was visible. Men paid $60 to watch a girl of their choosing for 30 minutes" (p 25)
June 22, 2017, 10:06 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"This is Japan’s shady ‘JK’ or ‘high school dating’ business. (‘Joshi kosei’ means ‘high school girl’ in Japanese, and the English initials JK are universally used here to describe the practice.) Although some cafes like this are relatively innocent — those that employ high school girls must close by 10 p.m., which means the men aren’t too late getting home to their wives — there is a large part of this world that is not. There are various levels of high school dating, starting with cafes staffed by underage girls and peep shows where high school girls sit behind a one-way mirror in their school uniforms, posing according to customers’ ...more
June 22, 2017, 10:06 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Here, ‘high school dating’ matches girls in uniforms with men in their 40s and 50s and beyond. And it means money changing hands. Sometimes this involves a walk around the block or a drink in a bar. More often, it involves sex — child prostitution by another name" (p 2-3)
June 12, 2017, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, ACR-PRACTICE-1

"I have heard several stories of women being forced or coerced into surrogacy by husbands or even pimps, and ask Mehta if she is aware of this happening. ‘Without the husbands’ [of the surrogates] consent we don’t do surrogacy. We don’t give all the money before the delivery. We take from you but we hand it over to her once she hands over the child to you. We give her in instalments so she will also take care she will deliver the baby no problem.’ Mehta said they try to avoid the women forming bonds with the baby by giving them drugs to stop lactation. ‘She will not produce milk ...more
June 5, 2017, 6 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"According to Human Rights Watch (HRW), Syrian women 'represent the majority of women in prostitution in the country and that this proportion has risen since the Syrian conflict sent hundreds of thousands over the border' says Skye Wheeler. 'There is a huge problem for Syrian women, some of whom have been trafficked to Lebanon, in reporting abuse in Lebanon's underground sex industry' she adds. Inevitably, those same women are trapped and cannot expect any legal protection as the judicial noose tightens around their necks. 'Instead of victims they are likely to be perceived as criminals, as prostitution is, in effect, illegal in Lebanon' [Skye Wheeler] explains" (p 22-25)more
June 5, 2017, 6 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"One worker, who gave her name as Farida, hoped to be married off to a Lebanese businessman who might take care of her. But if she does enter into such an arranged marriage, it will likely be abusive and may even culminate in her being pimped out to bring her husband money after he is tired of her. Far worse though is the prospect of being kidnapped and enslaved into a prostitution racket in any one of the hundreds of Lebanon's 'super nightclubs'" (p 15-17)
June 5, 2017, 6 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"New levels of desperation are being met head on by Lebanon's 1.8 million Syrian refugees who simply cannot survive in a country which charges them for everything they consume – even water. Consequently young women who leave the child labour 'jobs' have to become sex workers to pay for rented accommodation. 'Syrian refugee women are coerced into providing sexual favours in return for rent, food or employment' the study claims. 'The perpetrator is commonly the woman's landlord who might broker a deal himself or be the recipient…and such deals may involve the exploitation of children'. Dr Jones' report paints a horrific picture of women working in homes of Lebanese where ...more
June 2, 2017, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Police say there are hundreds of cases like Begum's in Hyderabad's Old City. Young girls from poor neighborhoods, sold [into early marriage] by their parents without their consent, to elderly tourists who come here looking for sex" (p 7)
June 2, 2017, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Agents are located in several countries in the Middle East and Africa. They know brokers in Hyderabad (the city with the largest Muslim population by percentage in India) who approach poor families and convince them to sell their underage daughters because they need the money. The agents have clients, usually elderly men, who then travel to Hyderabad. There, the broker shows them the girls and they choose the ones they want. A religious cleric who is also a part of the criminal network then signs a wedding certificate (which has no legal standing) and a post-dated divorce certificate at the same time. But according to one of the most senior ...more
May 12, 2017, 12:37 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Most of the women [in camptowns] don’t know Korean, and they’re illegal if they leave the bar, Valeria said. Durebang can provide some legal assistance and, in some cases, financial help. ‘We cannot do anything’ about their visa status, said Youngnim, who had joinined our group. So if they leave a club, she said, they’re likely to be deported or put in an immigration jail" (p 31)
May 12, 2017, 12:37 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"...instead of shutting down prostitution, bars and clubs have simply responded with new tactics to vaguely disguise the nature of their business. At so-called juicy bars, for instance, men buy small glasses of supposedly alcoholic juice for scantily clad ‘juicy girls,’ most of whom have been trafficked from the Philippines or the former Soviet Union. The rules differ slightly from bar to bar, but basically, if a man buys enough juice, he can arrange to take a woman out. There’s no explicit exchange of money for sex at the bar, but once the two are off the premises, a deal is done" (p 19)
May 12, 2017, 12:37 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"While the rules differ at every bar, she explained, a woman usually has to bring in a minimum of around $200 a night. If she doesn’t make the minimum, the owner charges her a ‘bar fine’ as well. She has to go with a man to make up the difference. Once a month, the promoter who imported the women comes for their salaries. The bar owner pays him a percentage of drink sales, usually at least 50 percent. He tells the government that he pays the women South Korea’s minimum monthly wage, about $900. Typically, the women actually make around $300 to $500 a month" (p 24-25)more
May 12, 2017, 12:37 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Youngnim explained that the women often ‘try to get out of the clubs’ by finding a GI. It’s a hard life with a different client every day. So they go and live with GI boyfriends. But ‘practically 90 percent of the women are abandoned,’ she said. Many get pregnant and have babies. Some get married, and then the soldier disappears without a word when his tour is done in South Korea, leaving the woman in financial and legal trouble. Having left their clubs, many women are suddenly without a sponsor required to live in Korea. Sometimes they are stuck in legal limbo without an official divorce, and some can’t claim ...more
May 12, 2017, 12:37 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Since the mid-1990s, the dramatic growth in the South Korean economy has largely allowed Korean women to escape the exploitative conditions of the camptown bars and clubs (large numbers remain in higher-end prostitution for Korean customers). Filipinas and, to a lesser extent, women from Russia and former Soviet republics have generally replaced Korean women as the primary camptown sex workers. The South Korean government’s creation of the E-6 ‘entertainer’ visa has allowed Korean ‘promoters’ to import the women on a legal basis. The E-6 visa is the only Korean visa for which an HIV test is mandatory; venereal disease tests are required every three months. Over 90 percent of women ...more
May 12, 2017, 12:37 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The women sign a contract in their home country specifying an employer and a salary, but they often end up in different clubs and working for a lower salary than promised. The promoters and owners often charge hidden fees or deduct money from the women’s salaries, keeping them in perpetual debt. Often the housing and food promised in contracts is little more than a decrepit shared room above the bar and ramen noodles. In some clubs, owners force women to perform sex work in ‘VIP rooms’ or other locations. In others, indebtedness and psychological coercion force the women into sex. Speaking little Korean, the women have little recourse. Promoters and ...more
March 28, 2017, 9:15 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, LDS-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"One source claimed that traffickers subjected women to domestic servitude and sex trafficking through forced marriages" (15).
March 24, 2017, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"NGOs reported that street children were likely to be sexually or otherwise abused, received little or no education, and were easily exploited and subjected to forced prostitution and forced begging by trafficking recruiters" (28).
March 21, 2017, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Girls who fled arranged marriages often were trafficked into commercial sex. The buying and selling of child brides also occurred" (12).
March 16, 2017, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"In Catania, I spoke with Efosa (a pseudonym), a male migrant from Nigeria, and asked if he had knowledge of Nigerian women being trafficked for prostitution into Italy. He told me: Yes, they bring them here on the boats for prostitution. … They tell the girls, 'I will carry you to Italy. Would you like to go? I will take care of everything. You will pay me back.' But these girls suffer. They take their money, they beat them, they abuse them. I see them every night on the streets near the railroad station. Men stop their cars and use them. Before bringing them, the traffickers make them swear oaths. ...more