The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Government security forces, as well as rebel and militia groups (RMGs) continued to commit abuses, primarily in the east and the central Kasai region. These abuses included unlawful killings, disappearances, torture, destruction of government and private property, and SGBV. RMGs also recruited, abducted, and retained child soldiers and compelled forced labor. The government took military action against some RMGs but had limited ability to investigate abuses and bring the accused to trial (see section 1.g.)" (page 2). "RMGs and some FARDC elements kidnapped numerous persons, generally for forced labor, military service, or sexual slavery. Many of these victims disappeared (see section 1.g.)" (page 5). "In some areas, surrounding tribes kidnapped...more
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Trafficking in persons, specifically forced child labor, occurred, particularly in family-based agriculture (planting, weeding, harvesting), fishing, and domestic service (see section 7.c.). There were no reported cases of adult forced labor" (page 13). "Some children worked under forced labor conditions, primarily in domestic service and family-based agriculture and fishing. Additionally, some Koranic schools arranged for indigent students to receive lessons in exchange for labor that sometimes was forced" (page 14).
July 24, 2019, 6:31 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon, Central African Rep, Nigeria
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Chadian children were also found in forced cattle herding in Cameroon, the CAR, and Nigeria" (page 22).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Forced labor, including forced child labor, occurred in the informal sector. Children and adults in rural areas were involved in forced agricultural labor and, in urban areas, forced domestic servitude" (page 21). "Child laborers were subjected to domestic servitude, forced begging, and forced labor in cattle herding, agriculture, fishing, and street vending. Chadian children were also found in forced cattle herding in Cameroon, the CAR, and Nigeria. Child herders often lived in substandard conditions without access to school or proper nutrition. Their parents and herders generally agreed on an informal contract for the child’s labor that included a small monthly salary and a goat after six months or a cow...more
July 21, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"On June 9, 2015, two days after Babita’s demand for crab curry was met, she and 30 other tribal girls—aged 3-11 years—were made to board a train by two women, Korobi Basumatary and Sandhyaben Tikde, of two Sangh parivar outfits, the Rashtra Sevika Samiti and Sewa Bharati, on the promise of education in Punjab and Gujarat. The girls were from five border districts of Assam, Kokrajhar, Goalpara, Dhubri, Chirang and Bongaigaon... government documents to expose how different Sangh outfits trafficked 31 tribal girls as young as three years from tribal areas of Assam to Punjab and Gujarat. Orders to return the children to Assam—including those from the Assam State Commission...more
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee remains concerned in particular that the practice of wahaya, characterized as a form of slavery, including sexual slavery, and female genital mutilation persists in the State party. It notes with concern the low number of prosecutions under the Criminal Code provisions prohibiting slavery (arts. 270.1-270.3) to criminalize perpetrators of wahaya and the low conviction rates in cases of female genital mutilation" (7). "The Committee notes with concern that the State party remains a country of origin, transit and destination for trafficking and that victims are vulnerable to sexual exploitation, forced marriage and forced labour" (8).
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"A global study conducted by ECPAT (End Child Prostitution in Asian Tourism) International in 2016 identified the country as a major hotspot for the sexual exploitation of children in travel and tourism. Many women’s and migrant rights NGOs reported that displaced children, mostly Syrian, remained vulnerable to economic and sexual abuse" (page 53). "Forced labor generally did not occur, although some local and refugee families required their children to work on the streets and in the agricultural or industrial sectors to supplement family income (see section 7.c.). Women, refugees, and migrants were vulnerable to trafficking. Traffickers used psychological coercion, threats, and debt bondage to compel victims into sex trafficking" (page...more
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The prevalence of gender-based violence and harmful practices against women, including the sale of women or forced marriage, in particular among Roma women living in segregated environments" (5). "The greater vulnerability of Roma women and girls to trafficking, including internal trafficking, for the purposes of sexual exploitation" (6).
July 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The Ministry of Human Capacities continued to operate a 24-hour toll-free hotline for victims of domestic violence and trafficking in persons to provide information and if necessary to coordinate the immediate placement of victims in shelters" (Pg 29).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee remains concerned that the State party continues to be a destination and transit country for trafficking in women and girls for purposes of sexual and labour exploitation" (6).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Child sex trafficking remained a problem and the country continued to be a destination for child sex tourism, although the government initiated new programs to combat the problem. Children from migrant populations, ethnic minorities, and poor families remained particularly vulnerable, and police arrested parents who forced their children into prostitution. Citizens and foreign sex tourists committed pedophilia crimes, including the commercial sexual exploitation of children" (page 31). "In 2016, 14 migrant workers filed a complaint with the NHRCT alleging forced labor, confiscation of documents, abusive working and living conditions, excessive overtime, unlawful salary deductions, and limited freedom of movement" (page 38). "Children from Thailand, Burma, Cambodia, Laos, and ethnic minority...more
July 13, 2019, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Women and girls were smuggled to other countries in Africa and the Middle East, sometimes using falsified documents, putting them at high risk of exploitation" (p. 36).
July 11, 2019, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"It notes with concern that Rohingya victims of trafficking are frequently denied the protection and support services required under the Act and the Plan of Action" (6). "The increased rates of trafficking in Rohingya women and girls, especially those who are unregistered" (12).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The constitution prohibits forced and compulsory labor. The law also prohibits all forms of labor trafficking and “slavery or a relationship similar to slavery.” The government enforced the law, but forced labor still occurred. Serbian nationals, particularly men, were subjected to labor trafficking in labor-intensive sectors, such as the construction industry in Russia, other European countries, and the United Arab Emirates. Penalties for violations were generally sufficient to deter violations. A number of children, primarily from the Roma community, were forced to engage in begging, theft, other forms of labor, and even commercial sexual activities" (page 31). "With regard to the worst forms of child labor, traffickers subjected children to...more
July 8, 2019, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, it continues to be concerned (CEDAW/C/BDI/CO/4, para. 27) about the lack of a coordinated and effective response by the State party to the increasing number of women and girls being trafficked out of the country for purposes of domestic servitude and sexual slavery" (8).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Exploitation of women and girls in prostitution was a problem, particularly in the southeast gold-mining region of Kedougou. Although there were no reports of child sex tourism during the year, the country was considered a destination for child sex tourism for tourists from France, Belgium, and Germany, among other countries" (page 18). "The practice of forced begging, however, continued largely unabated, and there were no arrests, prosecutions, or convictions in connection with forced begging during the year. The government did not effectively enforce applicable laws against forced labor, and such practices continued to occur, particularly forced child labor, including forced begging by children in some Quranic schools (see section 6)....more
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"There continued to be numerous displaced and street children, particularly in the Romani community. Street children begged or did petty work. These children were at highest risk of trafficking, and some became trafficking victims. Since the law prohibits the prosecution of children under age 14 for burglary, criminal gangs at times used displaced children to burglarize homes" (page 19). "Labor inspectors investigated the formal labor sector, whereas most child labor occurred in the informal sector . . . An estimated 43,000 children worked in farms and fishing, 4,400 in the services sector, and 2,200 in hotels and restaurants. Nearly 5 percent of children were child laborers . . . There...more
June 24, 2019, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"A section of the Office of the Chief State Prosecutor helped to provide access to justice for victims of all crimes, with a special focus on victims of domestic violence, trafficking in persons, child abuse, and rape" (p. 23).
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is concerned, however, about the high incidence of trafficking in women and girls, in particular indigenous women, women of African descent and rural women, for purposes of forced labour and sexual exploitation" (8).
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"There were some reports of women being trafficked and prostituted out of shelters. Shelter staff reportedly sometimes discriminated against women in shelters; they assumed that if women fled their homes, it was because they were women of ill repute. In some cases women were reportedly abused at the government-run shelters, found their movements severely restricted, or were pressured to return to their abusers. In November the Punjab government broke ground on a pilot Violence Against Women Center in Multan, which would provide legal, medical, psychological, and other aid, and serve as a model for other centers in the province" (Pg 43).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"'Sumangali schemes' affected an estimated 120,000 young women. These plans, named after the Tamil word for 'happily married woman,' are a form of bonded labor in which young women or girls work to earn money for a dowry to be able to marry. The promised lump-sum compensation ranged from 80,000 to 100,000 rupees ($1,300 to $1,600), which is normally withheld until the end of three to five years of employment. Compensation, however, sometimes went partially or entirely unpaid. While in bonded labor, employers reportedly subjected women to serious workplace abuses, severe restrictions on freedom of movement and communication, sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, sex trafficking, and being killed. The majority of...more
June 12, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3

"The practice continued of taking a 'fifth wife,' or 'wahaya,' in which girls and women are sold into physical or sexual slavery. Polygamy is legal and widespread" (Pg 17).
May 30, 2019, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes with concern that the State party remains both a source and a destination country for women and girls, including non-nationals, who are subjected to trafficking for purposes of sexual exploitation and forced labour, as a result of high unemployment, increasing levels of poverty and the weak implementation of anti-trafficking legislation" (6).
May 27, 2019, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned by the prevalence of trafficking in women and girls for sexual exploitation and the fact that the State party’s focus is on the smuggling of persons rather than trafficking in persons" (8).
May 24, 2019, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"In this environment, particularly the economically disadvantaged rural men in China look to women from other countries like Cambodia, Myanmar or Viet Nam. Despite transnational broker fees, the costs associated with arranged marriages of brides from abroad generally remain significantly lower than expenses for marrying a Chinese partner. Many of these foreign women now come from Cambodia. Whilst the actual extent of forced marriage as a subset of broader marriage migration patterns between the two countries remains unknown, cases have been increasingly identified in provinces across China, including Jiangxi and Fujian where interviews for this study were conducted. In 2013, the Cambodian government reported having assisted the repatriation of 21...more
May 24, 2019, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The first-contact broker was often known to the respondents or their families: a neighbor, coworker or client at the work place such as a hair salon. Some brokers referred to a daughter who was allegedly in China and remitting money home; The enticement was that women could send money home to their families by marrying a rich man or working and earning more than they would in Cambodia, or both. In some cases, they were told that, in order to get a well-paying job, they needed to marry a Chinese man; Some brokers provided the women with money before departure, which was referred to in interviews as ‘dowry’, travel expenses...more
May 16, 2019, 7:41 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"ISIS reportedly detained children in schools, prisons, and airports, and separated girls from their families to sell them in ISIS-controlled areas for sexual slavery" (19). "Due to continuing ISIS-perpetrated violence, women’s status suffered severe setbacks. During the year ISIS kidnapped women and girls to sell, rent, or gift them as forced 'brides' (a euphemism for forced marriage or sexual slavery) to ISIS fighters and commanders, and exploited the promise of sexual access in propaganda materials as part of its recruitment strategy. Space was limited, and service delivery was poor." (40).
May 15, 2019, 7:58 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The government continued to raid brothels to identify and remove child sex trafficking victims, although the majority of child sex trafficking was clandestine, occurring indirectly in beer gardens, massage parlors, beauty salons, karaoke bars, and noncommercial sites" (27). "The country remained a destination for child sex tourism" (28).
May 9, 2019, 3:13 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The Counter Trafficking in Persons Unit (TIPS) and regional focal points are accessible to the public, thus allowing victims to call or drop-in with information and receive assistance. TIPs’ officials have provided court support to alleged victims and witnesses and covered transportation costs. The MOSP has partnered with other non governmental organizations in providing psychosocial support and counselling to alleged victims to assist with reintegration of families and communities. Shelters for survivors of domestic violence and TIPs managed by four local non-governmental organizations continue to benefit from government subvention and support" (23).
April 27, 2019, 9:12 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The limited focus on multiple forms of exploitation such as forced labour, servitude, slavery and analogous practices" (10).