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Latest items for TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The State party being both a transit and a destination country for trafficking in persons, especially women and girls" (page 8).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"In terms of prevention, Inmujeres has developed skills and sensitivities, from 2009 to the present, throughout the country, but especially in border departments. Detection and support tools have been developed, such as the support protocol for women victims of trafficking for the purposes of sexual exploitation " (page 19).
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"While noting the policy and institutional measures taken to investigate and prosecute cases of killings of persons with albinism, the Committee is concerned that the number of prosecutions and convictions remains low. The Committee is deeply concerned about the discrimination, stigmatization and social exclusion faced by persons with albinism, including women and girls, and the severe threats to and attacks on their physical integrity, such as ritual killings, abductions, mutilation and sexual abuse" (page 14).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The Interagency Working Group on people trafficking ensures that agencies share efforts made to combat all forms of trafficking. Systematic monitoring of the sex industry is conducted through compliance visits by the Labour Inspectorate. The New Zealand Customs Service and Immigration New Zealand use an intelligence-led approach incorporating electronic (pre arrival ATS-G) and trained officer profiling techniques to identify potential trafficking victims arriving in New Zealand. There are a number of specific profiles used, the most important being: the sex industry, horticulture, fishing and labour joining the Christchurch rebuild. Profiling is designed to identify persons coming to work in New Zealand without work visas — the lack of a work...more
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Looking at the proceedings of criminal cases on human trafficking, one can see that the victims of sexual exploitation are mainly citizens of Turkmenistan, whereas the crimes themselves are committed in the territory of other States (the Republic of Turkey, the Republic of India, the United Arab Emirates). Police units in the territory of Turkmenistan detect and bring charges of human trafficking against persons (mediators) who recruit women under various pretexts (mostly employment) and send them out of the country" (20).
June 13, 2018, 8:41 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"According to Maxime Boutry, it is common for severely indebted families to sell their daughters' virginity to repay their loan. 'This is the most obvious link between debt and [the] sex trade … for one girl's virginity it is 5 lakh (roughly $370) for the family, this is a really big amount of money that they can not earn anywhere else'" (para 33). "It is not clear who is creating the market for virgins, but some fear that it might be Chinese businessmen who believe that having sexual intercourse with a virgin will cure them of sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV" (para 35).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes the efforts made by the State party to combat trafficking in persons. It is concerned, however, about the persistence of trafficking in women and girls, both internal and cross-border, for the purpose of sexual exploitation, including frequent cases of Syrian girls being trafficked into exploitation in prostitution through false promises of marriage and a better life in the State party, as well as about documented allegations that adolescent refugee girls are sold as brides from refugee camps in the State party. The Committee is furthermore concerned about: . . . (c) Reports that victims of trafficking, including women engaging in prostitution, have been arrested, detained and deported...more
May 15, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes the efforts of the State party to rescue and rehabilitate women and girls who have been abducted and subjected to sexual slavery by Boko Haram" (2).
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is particularly concerned that trafficking in women and girls, especially at the border with the Dominican Republic, is ongoing" (8).
April 19, 2018, 10:25 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Thai women historically have been used as chattel. F.A. Neale’s book, ‘Residence in Siam’, written in the late 19th century, explains that he witnessed fathers taking their unmarried 13 year old daughters, “having reached their expiration date”, to their shops to be “ sold to the highest bidder”, or even “sold to Arab merchants”. Dok Kaew, the practice of selling off a daughter at a young age to a male buyer – although not available until she came of age – was evident in Thailand until the ’90s" (para 5).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee welcomes the significant efforts of the State party in combating trafficking in women and girls, including for the purpose of sexual and labour exploitation, by introducing amendments to the Criminal Code (LawNo. 144/2013) criminalizing the use of services provided by victims of trafficking and decriminalizing victims of trafficking. It commends the State party on its efforts to improve the referral of victims to appropriate services, and improve the protection and assistance provided, including financial assistance. The Committee notes with concern, however, that the State party remains a source and destination country for trafficking in women and girls, especially trafficking linked to tourism in coastal areas. It also regrets...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"To sum up, we note that article 185 of the Kuwaiti Penal Code forbids bringing anyone into or out of Kuwait with the intention of disposing of that person as a slave. It further forbids the purchase, offer for sale or give a human being to another as a slave" (15).
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee . . . is concerned: (a) That poverty among and the social exclusion of women, in particular disadvantaged and marginalized groups of women such as migrant, asylum-seeking and Roma women, increase their risk of becoming victims of trafficking and exploitation in prostitution" (page 7).
April 4, 2018, 4:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"[The Committee] is concerned about: ...That migrant women and girls, especially women domestic workers, are at a high risk of sexual and labour exploitation; That women and girls migrating abroad are often victimized by fraudulent recruitment agencies and brokers for international marriage" (9).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee welcomes the efforts undertaken by the State party, in collaboration with civil society and the international community, to combat the trafficking and sexual exploitation of women and girls and the exploitation of prostitution and to establish an electronic database with the countries of the Southern African Development Community. The Committee also welcomes the creation of a national bureau to combat trafficking in persons, but is concerned that it is not yet operational and lacks resources. It reiterates its concern at the prevalence of sex tourism in the State party and the lack of information on efforts to prevent the exploitation of prostitution and to address its root causes...more
March 30, 2018, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is also concerned at reports of abduction and forcible subjection to female genital mutilation of individuals who are not members of the Sande secret society, in particular those residing in counties where it is not practised" (7).
March 23, 2018, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"With the help of it international partners, including UNICEF, Burundi had a study conducted to evaluate the commercial sexual exploitation of children in Burundi. The study was conducted in December 2011 in the following towns: Bujumbura, Rumonge, Makamba, Gitega and Muyinga, and published in February 2012. It ascertained the reality of sexual exploitation of girls, including girls of a very young age. It takes several forms, including the prostitution of children, sexual tourism, and early and forced marriages" (14).
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-LAW-3, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, IRP-PRACTICE-4, IRP-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of Law No. 2005-06 of 10 May 2005 on combating trafficking in persons and similar practices and the protection of victims and of a national plan to combat trafficking in persons, in particular women and children, in 2009. It is concerned, however, about: (a) The absence of a clear definition of trafficking in persons in the national legislative framework; (b) The lack of data on the extent of trafficking in women and girls to, from and transiting through the State party; (c) Cases of trafficking of women and girls who are domestic workers, 'Internet brides' and women and girls subjected to forced labour, sexual exploitation,...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

The Committee is concerned at the persistence of adverse cultural practices and traditions and patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society, especially those portraying women as caregivers. The Committee notes that such stereotypes contribute to an increase in the practices of child and/or forced marriage, abduction of girls and polygamy and hence to the disadvantaged and unequal status of women in society. The Committee urges the State party: (a) To intensify media and other efforts to educate the public and raise awareness about existing sex-based stereotypes that persist at all levels of society, with a view to...more
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The trafficking of women often happens through employment bureaus operating in Kenya which scout for women and offer them employment abroad. Most Kenyan migrants are employed as domestic workers and are vulnerable to abuse, exploitation, violence, rape and even murder. In response to the alarming number of cases involving the mistreatment of Kenyans abroad, on 29 September 2014 the Government revoked the licenses of 930 agencies recruiting Kenyans to work in the Middle East" (19).
Feb. 28, 2018, 2:27 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Isis fighters established a system of sexual slavery, claiming that the rape of non-Muslims was a form of worship. They set up markets in several towns where girls as young as nine were put up for auction to militants, with owners often trading women again online" (Para 9). "In Palmyra, the women and their children were held in a large house, and every day militants took a few to the slave market for sale, returning with any who had not found a buyer by evening" (Para 15). "Palmyra is surrounded by desert, so there was nowhere to hide and no way to avoid the roads. By midday, Isis had recaptured...more
Feb. 28, 2018, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Isis fighters established a system of sexual slavery, claiming that the rape of non-Muslims was a form of worship. They set up markets in several towns where girls as young as nine were put up for auction to militants, with owners often trading women again online" (Para 9). "In Palmyra, the women and their children were held in a large house, and every day militants took a few to the slave market for sale, returning with any who had not found a buyer by evening" (Para 15). "Palmyra is surrounded by desert, so there was nowhere to hide and no way to avoid the roads. By midday, Isis had recaptured...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"At the same time, according to studies performed by the national NGOs, poor rural women that do not have any profession are the main group of trafficked persons from Moldova14. Poverty, unemployment and the lack of convenient offers on labor market are the reasons forcing young people to leave abroad or to accept doubtful offers from traffickers. Domestic violence is another determinant factor of the THB (over 80 per cent of VTHB have been victims of domestic violence). The age range of the recruited women extends every year. While until recently people aged between 18 and 25 years were among victims, today the cases of trafficked children occur more and...more
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, LDS-PRACTICE-1

"It is concerned, however, that the State party remains a destination and transit country for women trafficked predominantly from South and East Asia and East and North Africa for the purposes of forced labour, domestic servitude and, to a lesser extent, sexual exploitation" (9).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The Government commissioned the Stockholm County Administrative Board to coordinate at national level the work being done by government agencies against prostitution and human trafficking for sexual purposes. The work covers stronger collaboration, operational support on methods, work on secure return and support programmes for rehabilitation for individuals who have been subjected to prostitution and human trafficking for sexual purposes. In April 2013 this commission was extended to cover all forms of human trafficking" (page 25). "Moreover, the Inquiry concludes that it is difficult to assess the exact extent of human trafficking for sexual purposes in Sweden. However, there is significantly less human trafficking in Sweden than in comparable countries....more
Jan. 30, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Zununova, however, warns that dating and marrying strangers via the Internet raises the risk of human trafficking, 'especially when it involves undereducated young girls'" (Para 27).
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes the efforts made by the State party to combat trafficking in persons. It is concerned, however, about the extent of trafficking in women and girls to, from and within the State party for purposes of labour and sexual exploitation, including frequent cases of Syrian girls being lured into prostitution through false promises of marriage and a better life in the State party, as well as about documented allegations that adolescent refugee girls are sold as brides in the State party" (Pg 9-10).
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1

"the Committee notes with concern: (a) That the State party is used as a country of origin, transit country and country of destination for trafficking in women, mainly women from Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, the Dominican Republic, Paraguay and Peru" (8).
Jan. 20, 2018, 4 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Italy is merely the entry point; from there, women are traded and sold to madams all over Europe" (para 84). This article is focusing on the trafficking of Nigerian women into Italy, mostly as sex workers (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 20, 2018, 3:58 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"By the end of the decade, according to a report commissioned by the United Nations, “the fear of aids rendered drug-addicted Italian girls unattractive on the prostitution market”; Nigerians from Edo State largely filled the demand" (para 18). The Nigerian women were/are being trafficked out as sex workers into European countries, such as Italy due to the increase in demand (AA-CODER COMMENT). "By the mid-nineties, most Edo women who went to Europe in this way “were probably aware that they would have to engage in prostitution to repay their debts,” according to the U.N. report. “They were, however, unaware of the conditions of violent and aggressive exploitation that they would...more