The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"'Sumangali schemes' affected an estimated 120,000 young women. These plans, named after the Tamil word for 'happily married woman,' are a form of bonded labor in which young women or girls work to earn money for a dowry to be able to marry. The promised lump-sum compensation ranged from 80,000 to 100,000 rupees ($1,300 to $1,600), which is normally withheld until the end of three to five years of employment. Compensation, however, sometimes went partially or entirely unpaid. While in bonded labor, employers reportedly subjected women to serious workplace abuses, severe restrictions on freedom of movement and communication, sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, sex trafficking, and being killed. The majority of...more
June 12, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3

"The practice continued of taking a 'fifth wife,' or 'wahaya,' in which girls and women are sold into physical or sexual slavery. Polygamy is legal and widespread" (Pg 17).
May 30, 2019, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes with concern that the State party remains both a source and a destination country for women and girls, including non-nationals, who are subjected to trafficking for purposes of sexual exploitation and forced labour, as a result of high unemployment, increasing levels of poverty and the weak implementation of anti-trafficking legislation" (6).
May 27, 2019, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned by the prevalence of trafficking in women and girls for sexual exploitation and the fact that the State party’s focus is on the smuggling of persons rather than trafficking in persons" (8).
May 24, 2019, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"In this environment, particularly the economically disadvantaged rural men in China look to women from other countries like Cambodia, Myanmar or Viet Nam. Despite transnational broker fees, the costs associated with arranged marriages of brides from abroad generally remain significantly lower than expenses for marrying a Chinese partner. Many of these foreign women now come from Cambodia. Whilst the actual extent of forced marriage as a subset of broader marriage migration patterns between the two countries remains unknown, cases have been increasingly identified in provinces across China, including Jiangxi and Fujian where interviews for this study were conducted. In 2013, the Cambodian government reported having assisted the repatriation of 21...more
May 24, 2019, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The first-contact broker was often known to the respondents or their families: a neighbor, coworker or client at the work place such as a hair salon. Some brokers referred to a daughter who was allegedly in China and remitting money home; The enticement was that women could send money home to their families by marrying a rich man or working and earning more than they would in Cambodia, or both. In some cases, they were told that, in order to get a well-paying job, they needed to marry a Chinese man; Some brokers provided the women with money before departure, which was referred to in interviews as ‘dowry’, travel expenses...more
May 16, 2019, 7:41 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"ISIS reportedly detained children in schools, prisons, and airports, and separated girls from their families to sell them in ISIS-controlled areas for sexual slavery" (19). "Due to continuing ISIS-perpetrated violence, women’s status suffered severe setbacks. During the year ISIS kidnapped women and girls to sell, rent, or gift them as forced 'brides' (a euphemism for forced marriage or sexual slavery) to ISIS fighters and commanders, and exploited the promise of sexual access in propaganda materials as part of its recruitment strategy. Space was limited, and service delivery was poor." (40).
May 15, 2019, 7:58 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The government continued to raid brothels to identify and remove child sex trafficking victims, although the majority of child sex trafficking was clandestine, occurring indirectly in beer gardens, massage parlors, beauty salons, karaoke bars, and noncommercial sites" (27). "The country remained a destination for child sex tourism" (28).
May 9, 2019, 3:13 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The Counter Trafficking in Persons Unit (TIPS) and regional focal points are accessible to the public, thus allowing victims to call or drop-in with information and receive assistance. TIPs’ officials have provided court support to alleged victims and witnesses and covered transportation costs. The MOSP has partnered with other non governmental organizations in providing psychosocial support and counselling to alleged victims to assist with reintegration of families and communities. Shelters for survivors of domestic violence and TIPs managed by four local non-governmental organizations continue to benefit from government subvention and support" (23).
April 27, 2019, 9:12 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The limited focus on multiple forms of exploitation such as forced labour, servitude, slavery and analogous practices" (10).
April 24, 2019, 8:54 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

". . . forced labor still occurred. Serbian nationals, particularly men, were subjected to labor trafficking in labor-intensive sectors, such as the construction industry in European countries and the United Arab Emirates . . . Increasing numbers of children, primarily from the Romani community, were forced to engage in commercial sexual activities, begging, theft, and other forms of labor (see section 7.c.) . . . The government effectively enforced laws protecting children from exploitation in the industrial sector but did not prevent exploitation in informal workplaces or individual households. In villages and farming communities, underage children commonly worked in family businesses. In urban areas children, primarily Roma, worked in the...more
April 18, 2019, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Chinese immigrants were subjected to sex and labor trafficking in the mining, service, and construction sectors" (18).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"(a) The State party remains a source and destination country of trafficking in persons, in particular women and girls, mainly for purposes of forced labour and sexual exploitation, and by the lack of adequate shelters for women and girls who are victims of trafficking; (b) Girls, mostly from rural areas, are frequently subjected to exploitative domestic work; (c) There is a lack of data on women in prostitution and on exploitation of prostitution in drayangs (entertainment centres)" (7).
April 12, 2019, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"[Hong Kong] There were reports of girls under the age of 18 from some countries in Asia being subjected to sex trafficking in the SAR" (page 115). "[Hong Kong] There were some reports that girls from some countries in Asia were subjected to commercial sexual exploitation (see section 6, Children)" (page 122). "[Macau] There were reports forced labor occurred in conjunction with commercial sexual exploitation of migrant women" (page 138). "[Macau] Child labor occurred. Some children reportedly worked in family-operated or small businesses, while others were subject to commercial sexual exploitation (see section 6, Children)" (page 139).
April 11, 2019, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, IRP-PRACTICE-2

"The country is a destination for Colombian, Peruvian, Paraguayan, and Cuban women and girls exploited in sex trafficking, domestic servitude, and forced begging" (p. 31).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The trafficking of children for sexual purposes was a problem, and child prostitution for survival at the behest of parents or without third-party involvement occurred. In urban areas, bar and rest house owners recruited girls as young as 12 from rural areas to do household work such as cleaning and cooking but then coerced them to engage in sex work with customers in exchange for room and board" (para 102).
March 29, 2019, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Reports of various exploitation schemes targeting North Korean refugees, such as forced marriages, forced labor, and prostitution, were common" (page 43).
March 29, 2019, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Reports of various exploitation schemes targeting North Korean refugees, such as forced marriages, forced labor, and prostitution, were common" (page 43). "Kidnapping, buying, and selling children for adoption reportedly increased, particularly in poor rural areas, but there were no reliable estimates of the number of children kidnapped. Government authorities regularly estimated that fewer than 10,000 children were abducted per year. Media reports and experts sources noted, however, that as many as 70,000 may be kidnapped every year. Most children kidnapped internally were sold to couples unable to have children. Those convicted of buying an abducted child could be sentenced to three years’ imprisonment. In the past most children abducted were...more
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"There were reports of forced marriages of women and girls for sexual slavery among Da’esh fighters" (para 9). "In August 2014 Da’esh reportedly abducted thousands of Yezidi women from Iraq and brought them to Syria for sale in markets or as rewards for Da’esh fighters. Held as slaves, Da’esh fighters subjected them and other captured women and girls to repeated sexual violence, forced marriages, and coerced abortions. In interviews with the COI, they described multiple rapes by several men, including incidents of gang rape. Numerous NGOs and activists also reported that Da’esh fighters raped women in Da’esh-held areas or forced them to marry Da’esh fighters. As of September most of...more
March 15, 2019, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Labor inspectors did not inspect small workshops and private homes where the majority of such practices occurred, as the law requires a warrant to search a private residence . . . Local NGOs reported that an undetermined number of Filipina and Indonesian domestic workers filed suits against their former employers. These suits included significant indicators of potential trafficking abuses, such as withholding passports or wages. Information on disposition of these cases was not available. Reports indicated that forced labor, especially of children, occurred (see section 7.c.) . . . The overwhelming majority of child laborers worked in rural areas, according to the government’s statistical agency, the High Planning Commission. Some...more
March 11, 2019, 12:40 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Although trafficking is illegal, the fuel for it - prostitution - is not. Until 2013, it was perfectly legal here to pay for sex with 16-year-old girls. Now it’s 18 and the trade is booming" (para 6).
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"There was one conviction for slavery during the year, and the government initiated judicial proceedings against other alleged slave masters . . . Slavery-like practices, which typically flowed from ancestral master-slave relationships and involved both adults and children, continued throughout the year. Former slaves and their descendants remained in a dependent status in part due to a lack of marketable skills, poverty, and persistent drought. Such practices occurred primarily in areas where educational levels were generally low or a barter economy still prevailed, and in urban centers, including Nouakchott, where domestic servitude was relatively common. The practices commonly occurred where there was a need for workers to herd livestock, tend...more
March 6, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The law criminalizes the various acts associated with bacha bazi, including not only sexual exploitation of a minor, but also forced dancing" (29). "There were reports from Badakhshan Province that Taliban militants bought young women to sell into forced marriage" (30).
Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Other human rights problems included . . . rape of and domestic violence against women and girls; female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C); human trafficking; societal discrimination against black Tuaregs, who were subjected to slavery-related practices; discrimination based on sexual orientation; and discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS and albinism. Authorities often disregarded workers’ rights, and exploitative labor, including child labor, was common" (page 1). "Primarily before the peace accord went into effect on June 20, elements within the Platform--including the Imghad Tuareg and Allies Self Defense Group (GATIA)-- and separatist armed groups--including the National Movement for the Liberation of the Azawad (MNLA), the High Council for the Unity of Azawad (HCUA), and...more
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes with concern: (a) That the State party is a country of origin, transit and destination for trafficking in persons for purposes of sexual exploitation and forced labour, as well as the heightened risk of sex trafficking for women and children in the Pacific coastal zones and for transgender persons and migrant women and girls" (6-7).
Feb. 1, 2019, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"According to government and press statements, the EPP and ACA increased their recruitment of children and adolescents to participate in military operations and serve in logistical and communication support roles. In December 2014 authorities discovered additional video evidence of two minors participating as combatants in the ACA. On September 6, authorities detained a female minor who had appeared bearing weapons in recently released ACA promotional materials" (page 13). "Sexual exploitation of children, principally in prostitution, was a serious problem. According to the SNNA, many children were exploited in prostitution or forced into domestic service" (page 24). "CODEHUPY and other NGOs documented widespread trafficking in persons, rape, sexual harassment, and physical...more
Jan. 28, 2019, 7:32 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Nevertheless, it remains concerned at the high incidence of trafficking in persons, in particular women and girls, for purposes of sexual exploitation. It notes with concern that women and girls from rural areas, indigenous communities and communities of African descent are at high risk of becoming victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation or forced labour; b)Ensure that victims of trafficking have free and immediate access to shelters, medical care, psychosocial counselling, legal assistance and specialized rehabilitation and reintegration services" (7-8).
Jan. 23, 2019, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Maria was just 16 when she moved in with her boyfriend, in the town where she grew up in Romania, and had a baby. He turned violent; four years later, although she was pregnant with her second child, she moved out. After a few failed attempts to reconcile, Maria’s ex-boyfriend came to visit her at her mother’s house. He took her to a field where two cars were waiting. The men in the cars handed Maria’s boyfriend 1,500 euros, then grabbed Maria. They took her to a house where she was kept prisoner for several months. She was repeatedly raped and beaten. Maria was later re-sold for 1,000 euros plus...more
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The Government of Lao PDR emphasizes the importance of combating anti-trafficking and exploitation of women and children including for the purpose of child labour and prostitution of women and children" (Pg 21). "In 2014 the Secretariat of the Steering Committee on Human Trafficking has conducted a survey on labour migration and other high risk groups in 3 northern provinces namely: Houaphanh, Xiengkhouang and Luang Prabang and the survey has extended to other southern provinces" (Pg 22).
Jan. 3, 2019, 2:19 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

“In the remote north of Vietnam, girls are disappearing. These girls, some as young as 13, are victims of bride trafficking, having been kidnapped and taken to China to be sold into marriage. According to child rights organization Plan International, this type of forced marriage has been growing slowly but steadily over the past decade. Exacerbated by a decades-long one-child policy, a preference for sons is deeply embedded within Chinese society, leading to a growing gender imbalance within the country” (para 1-3). "Life for this community is extremely hard. Another tactic traffickers use is spending months getting to know a girl, pretending to be a new friend or boyfriend, before...more