The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

Oct. 18, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan

"Women imprisoned for running away have usually fled dire circumstances, from domestic violence to forced sex work, and women categorised as “moral criminals” are jailed alongside convicted murderers" (para 7).
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman

"In line with the Committee’s observations in paragraph 29 and its recommendation in paragraph 30 of the concluding observations, the Sultanate monitors measures taken regarding persons arrested in human trafficking offences in their capacity as victims, including women who work in prostitution. It treats such women as victims and does not prosecute them as offenders. The Sultanate has also stepped up its efforts to prosecute trafficking offenders. In this regard, it coordinates and cooperates with the national authorities in the concerned countries of origin and transit" (Pg 16).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey

"The Committee is furthermore concerned about: . . . (c) Reports that victims of trafficking, including women engaging in prostitution, have been arrested, detained and deported for acts committed as a consequence of having been trafficked" (page 12).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania

"The Committee welcomes the significant efforts of the State party in combating trafficking in women and girls, including for the purpose of sexual and labour exploitation, by introducing amendments to the Criminal Code (LawNo. 144/2013) criminalizing the use of services provided by victims of trafficking and decriminalizing victims of trafficking. It commends the State party on its efforts to improve the referral of victims to appropriate services, and improve the protection and assistance provided, including financial assistance. The Committee notes with concern, however, that the State party remains a source and destination country for trafficking in women and girls, especially trafficking linked to tourism in coastal areas. It also regrets...more
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador

"The LEIV Act, in Chapter II, Specific Procedural Provisions, of article 57, prescribes the procedural safeguards available to women facing acts of violence. It provides that women who are victims of trafficking shall enjoy the rights established by law and, in addition, will not be subject to punishments or impediments established in migratory laws, will be able to stay in the country in keeping with applicable law, and will have the right to legal counsel" (19-20).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico

"The FEVIMTRA provides mechanisms for immediate protection in urgent cases, without process or waiting period, for the custody of women victims of gender-based violence and trafficking. In addition, in 2014, the implementation of protection measures and precautionary steps were incorporated into the CNPP, with obligation for their release and processing by the Public Ministers. These efforts are still insufficient, but in the work plan of the CNPJ the spread of protection measures is being increased" (page 17).
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan

"The lack of adequate mechanisms to identify and refer victims of trafficking, including women in prostitution, who have reportedly been arrested, detained and deported for acts committed as a consequence of having been trafficked" (Pg 10).
Jan. 20, 2018, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Bahrain

"Reports that fear of retribution by employers and the risk of being detained or deported prevent women victims of trafficking from filing complaints" (pg 6).
Dec. 21, 2017, 2:38 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam

"A young woman, left, visits her mother in Northern Vietnam. She was tricked by traffickers into crossing the border to China, but managed to escape before they could force her into a marriage . She is now back in her home country sharing her story to warn vulnerable girls about trafficking" (para 14).
Dec. 21, 2017, 2:28 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam

"The Pacific Links Foundation runs a shelter for trafficking victims in the city of Lao Cai, northern Vietnam. The young women stay for an average of two to three years. They go to school or get vocational training. They do art therapy. They learn to cook and sew and keep a big garden. Surrounded by other woman with similar experiences, the shelter helps them get back on their feet and then to find jobs to support themselves. 'Once that whole investment process can happen with these young women then it is much easier for them to have their own lives,' says Diep" (para 21-22).
Dec. 20, 2017, 2:29 p.m.
Countries: Israel

"Visibility of the women should be increased, and efforts should be made to reach the women and provide them with assistance, each according to her life circumstances and the context in which she came to Israel. They should be treated as victims of exploitation and trafficking and offered assistance out of responsibility, before they are deported back to their countries of origin" (para 13).
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea

"The law criminalizes defection and attempted defection, including the attempt to gain entry to a foreign diplomatic facility for the purpose of seeking political asylum. Individuals who cross the border with the purpose of defecting or seeking asylum in a third country are subject to a minimum of five years of 'labor correction.' In 'serious' cases defectors or asylum seekers are subjected to indefinite terms of imprisonment and forced labor, confiscation of property, or death. Many would-be refugees who were returned involuntarily were imprisoned under harsh conditions"(10)."The law does not provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, nor has the government established a system for providing protection for...more
Oct. 2, 2017, 7:19 p.m.
Countries: United States

"So far, over 3,000 defendants have passed through their doors. The concept behind the HTIC is to help women caught up in the sex trade, to recover from their experiences, and to exit prostitution. A defendant can be referred to drug treatment or immigrant legal services, as well as being offered general support and counselling. The HTIC is partnered with a large network of counsellors and court advocates, including two that work with the Asian women that make up the majority of the defendants in the Queens courtroom"(para 2)
Sept. 15, 2017, 7:06 p.m.
Countries: France

"'The most important aspect of this law is to accompany prostitutes, give them identity papers because we know that 85 percent of prostitutes here are victims of trafficking,' Maud Olivier, a lawmaker with the governing Socialists and a sponsor of the legislation, told The Associated Press.Olivier said that many of the sex workers who arrive in France have their passports confiscated by pimps.'We will provide them with documents on the condition they commit to leave prostitution behind,' she added"(para 7-9)
Nov. 9, 2016, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: Uganda

"Actual combat may have ended almost a decade ago in northern Uganda, but for many women abducted by the rebel Lord’s Resistance Army and the children they conceived in captivity, the war is far from over. Sexual exploitation, beatings, stigmatization and community rejection, lack of medical care and education, and deprivation of land rights are among the challenges faced by those who escaped from or were released by the LRA"(para 1)
July 1, 2016, 5:48 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland

"There were no reports the government detained, fined, or jailed victims for unlawful acts committed as a direct result of being subjected to trafficking. During the reporting period, the immigration department initiated drafting of proposed amendments to the immigration act to provide immunity from prosecution to victims and witnesses of trafficking, to conform that law to the provisions of the People Trafficking and People Smuggling (Prohibition) Act, and to create a renewable permit specific to trafficking victims allowing them to remain in Swaziland for up to two years" (321)
June 4, 2016, 10:58 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe

"The government may have detained and deported potential trafficking victims due to a lack of proactive victim identification procedures" (369)
June 4, 2016, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Yemen

"The government failed to proactively identify and provide adequate protection services to trafficking victims among vulnerable groups, such as women in prostitution and foreign migrants. As a result, the government did not ensure trafficking victims were not inappropriately incarcerated, fined, or otherwise penalized for unlawful acts committed as a direct result of being subjected to human trafficking, such as prostitution or immigration violations" (366)
June 3, 2016, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam

"The government reportedly encouraged trafficking victims to assist in judicial proceedings against traffickers and offered some protection and compensation to victims, yet victims expressed trepidation to use them given the endemic social stigma attached to being a victim, fear of retribution in their local communities, and fear of punishment for illegal acts committed in the course of being subjected to trafficking. Vietnamese law protects victims from being prosecuted for actions taken as a consequence of being subjected to trafficking; however, officials are not properly trained in identification of trafficking victims, which may have led to the treatment of some victims as criminals" (364)
June 2, 2016, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela

"There were no publicly available reports of victims being jailed or penalized for unlawful acts committed as a direct result of being subjected to human trafficking. Foreign victims who faced retribution if returned to their country of origin could apply for refugee status, but it was unclear if any victims did so in 2013" (362)
June 2, 2016, 5:30 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan

"There were reports that potential transnational sex and labor trafficking victims who had illegally crossed the Uzbekistani border faced a criminal penalty of a substantial fine and imprisonment. Formally recognized victims were exempt by law from prosecution for acts committed as a result of being trafficked. When victims were nonetheless charged, NGOs reported success in having charges dropped" (360)
June 1, 2016, 8:15 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay

"There were no reports trafficking victims were jailed, deported, or otherwise penalized for acts committed as a direct result of being subjected to human trafficking" (358)
June 1, 2016, 7:49 p.m.
Countries: United States

"Some trafficking victims, including those under 18 years of age, were detained or prosecuted for conduct committed as a direct result of being subjected to trafficking. NGOs reported many state and local authorities failed to treat sex-trafficked children as victims of trafficking by arresting and incarcerating them, including in states with 'safe harbor' laws designed to protect them from such criminalization. Further, NGOs reported state and local law enforcement continued to arrest some identified trafficking victims in order to ensure they would have access to services through detention, and, in some cases, to obtain testimony against their trafficker. To address these challenges, HHS facilitated training with advocates, attorneys, and service...more
May 31, 2016, 8:25 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom

"NGOs and court findings indicated the government continued to prosecute and sentence child and adult trafficking victims for crimes committed as a result of their trafficking, despite prosecutorial guidance and court rulings to the contrary. Some victims were penalized despite officials’ acknowledgement they were trafficking victims. In 2014, a trafficking expert reported the government prosecuted a Vietnamese child for cannabis cultivation who had received a reasonable grounds decision, and a judge sentenced two Vietnamese men to a year in prison and deportation for cultivating cannabis, while acknowledging the men had been enslaved" (351)
May 31, 2016, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates

"In January 2015, the government promulgated an amendment to Federal Law 51 of 2006 on the protection of trafficking victims, including provisions to ensure victims are not penalized for crimes committed as a direct result of being subjected to trafficking, depending on the nature of the case. Prior to the amendment’s passage, unidentified victims of sex trafficking and forced labor may have been penalized through incarceration, fines, or deportation for unlawful acts committed as a direct result of being subjected to trafficking, such as prostitution or immigration violations. For example, in some cases UAE authorities deemed female domestic workers who fled their employers as criminals, raising concerns victim identification procedures...more
May 31, 2016, 6:02 p.m.
Countries: Uganda

"Street children, including potential trafficking victims, are often temporarily held for up to three months at an under-resourced MGLSD juvenile detention center that provided food, medical treatment, counseling, basic education, and family-tracing services. Reports indicate police and communities treat street children as criminals, arbitrarily arresting, detaining, and beating them, and forcing them to clean detention facilities. The government has not established appropriate systems to ensure such children do not reappear on the streets" (345)
May 31, 2016, 5:39 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan

"At times, authorities punished trafficking victims for crimes committed as a result of being subjected to trafficking. After Turkmen victims returned home following their deportation from other countries, the SMS reportedly blocked them from exiting Turkmenistan for a period of up to five years and fined them for overstaying their visas while abroad. The government made no attempts to identify sex trafficking victims among women arrested for engaging in prostitution and, consequently, officials may have penalized sex trafficking victims for prostitution offenses" (343)
May 30, 2016, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Turkey

"The government did not ensure trafficking victims were not punished for unlawful acts committed as a direct result of being subjected to human trafficking. For example, front-line police officers often failed to identify sex trafficking victims, particularly among women in prostitution, and deported them without providing them access to victim assistance" (341)
May 30, 2016, 7:35 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia

"The government did not implement systematic policies and procedures to protect unidentified victims from punishment as a direct result of being subjected to human trafficking, such as women or children in prostitution or illegal immigrants" (340)
May 30, 2016, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago

"The government did not punish any identified trafficking victims for crimes committed as a direct result of a trafficking situation; however, unidentified victims were vulnerable to being inadvertently punished or charged with immigration or prostitution violations. Two of the victims identified during the reporting period, both Venezuelan women, were temporarily held in immigration detention after their traffickers released them. The counter-trafficking unit intervened for their release and referred them to care" (338)