The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for VOTE-PRACTICE-1

Feb. 21, 2019, 8:18 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

""The problem is that 30% of women are illiterate in Egypt today," she explains. "They did not understand the process and many were told who to vote for. Besides, all the political alliances have an Islamic bias which is detrimental to the status of women."" (para 35).
Feb. 14, 2019, 10:48 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"Citizens were unable to choose their government through free and fair elections. Since his election as president in 1994, Aliaksandr Lukashenka has consolidated his rule over all institutions and undermined the rule of law through authoritarian means, including manipulated elections and arbitrary decrees. All subsequent presidential elections fell well short of international standards. The 2016 parliamentary elections also failed to meet international standards" (1). Both women and men may be influenced to not vote because of a lack of legitimate elections (CEM - CODER COMMENT).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"Four in 10 (42%) women and 69% of men age 15-49 are literate" (33). A lack of literacy will keep many citizens from voting (CODER COMMENT - CEM).
Jan. 16, 2019, 3:22 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"There are concerns that a limited number of women observers would oversee the upcoming polls due to security, cultural restrictions and other reasons, something that could affect transparency and women’s participation in the democratic process. The Wolesi Jirga elections are scheduled for October 20. Insecurity, seen as major challenge for elections, is among reasons that would keep female observers from overseeing the elections" (Para 1-2). "Free and Fair Election Foundation of Afghanistan (FEFA) head, Yousuf Rashid, said he planned to have 9,500 observers including 35 percent of them women. But finding female election observers in districts and remote areas was a difficult job, he said. He said they faced problems...more
Jan. 8, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"The western parts of Nepal are characterized by high illiteracy and poverty, low development and significant gender inequality" (para 8).
Dec. 14, 2018, 4:44 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"Ms. Bugaighis opposed the militias who aligned with political Islam, and also the ambitious general who declared a coup and went to war against them. By the spring of 2014, she and her family had left Benghazi after an assassination attempt nearly killed her son. But she risked returning home to cast her ballot in elections held that June and urged others to do the same" (7).
Dec. 14, 2018, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

“It is an undisputed fact that both man and woman are human beings,” Colonel Qaddafi wrote in the Green Book, his magnum opus of philosophical musings. He expanded women’s education, sharply reduced illiteracy among women, enabled women to enter new professions, and conspicuously included uniformed women in both the army and the police" (3) Women's illiteracy rates used to be drastically highter (AMG-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 13, 2018, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"While the Afghan population hail the peaceful completion of the electoral process, many Afghans are very unhappy that the negotiations on the framework of the National Unity Government had been kept under wraps, leaving us in a quandary over what kind of leadership we will deal with in the next five years" (3).
Oct. 25, 2018, 3:45 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"Some families in remote areas of eastern Nangarhar province did not allow their female members to register as voters in the upcoming elections… There are also many families who allowed their women to register as voters in the upcoming parliamentary polls, but they are not permitted to vote for a candidate of their choice" (para 1-2). "Insecurity, lack of awareness programs by the Independent Election Commission (IEC) and cultural restrictions are said to be the main reasons that keep women from participating in elections in Nangarhar" (para 3). From paragraphs 5-13 there are several interviews that help show the reasons and circumstances around not allowing women to vote. Some, like...more
Oct. 11, 2018, 8:58 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"Pakistan only formally ended the de facto ban on women voting in October last year. Women have often remained unable to vote thanks to local and societal traditions and pressures" (para 4). "There have been some reports of locals attempting to prevent women from voting...men in Chakwal's Dharnal area turned women away, telling...: "It is un-Islamic for women to vote'" (para 6).
Sept. 26, 2018, 9:55 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"My friends know about the election, but they are not excited about it,” she recalled on an October afternoon from her office in a Jeddah PR company. “They didn’t register [to vote].'" (para 2). General apathy coming from women can be a response to the barriers women are confronted to when it comes to voting (CCS-CODER COMMENT). "But in Rana’s case, those things don’t include registering to vote. Rana ticked off the many obstacles she encountered. The window for registration was too brief, the documentation required too onerous, and her legal guardian — which all Saudi women require for even the most basic bureaucratic chores — wasn’t around to arrange...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"No law limits political participation by women, but the deeply rooted patriarchal culture impeded women’s full participation in political life. The political participation of women was often limited, since many were expected to vote along tribal and family lines" (12).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"Discrimination was most common in rural areas where religious and cultural traditions, lack of education, and ignorance of the law remained severe impediments to the exercise of basic rights, such as the right to vote or to hold property in a woman’s name" (30).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-2

"On December 30, according to international press sources, UN international peacekeeping troops, including from Morocco, were listed as participants in sexually abusing young girls as they were queued to vote in elections in the Central African Republic. The Royal Armed Forces of Morocco opened a criminal investigation on the soldiers involved" (4).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"Although they gained the right to vote in 2005, women faced cultural and social barriers to political participation. For example, some tribal leaders excluded women from tribal primaries" (19-20).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"An unknown number of Roma were believed not to be registered to vote" (17). There are significant barriers facing the Roma people, and by extension their women, in terms of political activity and participation (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

“Some states require that voters must show government-issued photo identification to vote, while others are more lenient and accept non-photo identification such as a bank statement with name and address. . . Low-income women (and men) who lack photo identification may face barriers like limited transportation and financial costs associated with accessing other identifying documents like birth certificates and marriage licenses; once time, travel, and the costs of documents are factored in, the cost associated with a ‘free ID card’ can range from $75 to $175; when legal fees are included, the costs can be as high as $1,500” (8)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

“women are more likely to be prevented from voting by laws that require them to show multiple forms of identification with the same name—such as a driver’s license and birth certificate—since women who marry and divorce often change their names. . . A national survey sponsored by the Brennan Center for Justice in 2006 found that more than half of women with access to a birth certificate did not have one that reflected their current name, and only 66 percent of women with access to any proof of citizenship had documents reflecting their current name” (8)
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"The justice system remains inaccessible to most women . . . owing to their high illiteracy rate" (page 4). "[The Committee] notes that barriers to the participation of women in political and public life include widespread illiteracy, a lack of autonomy in keeping official household documents and the lower social status of women manifested in their inability either to obtain the necessary identification documents or to vote because of a lack of permission to do so" (page 9).
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1, LR-DATA-1

"The Committee is, however, concerned at the disadvantaged position of women in rural and remote areas, who form the majority of women in the State party. It is particularly concerned about: (a) The high incidence of poverty and illiteracy" (page 13).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, VOTE-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about reports of election-related gender-based violence, including of a sexual nature, such as gang rapes, against women during the elections in 2017. It is equally concerned about reports that the majority of perpetrators were police officers or members of other security forces and by the lack of reparation provided to victims. It notes with concern the delays in prosecuting perpetrators and providing redress to the victims of such violence and the State party’s apparent lack of commitment in that regard, notwithstanding the recommendations of the Commission of Inquiry into Post-Election Violence of 2007/2008" (7)
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about . . . Language barriers faced by women wishing to claim their rights, in particular Kurdish women, women belonging to other minorities and refugee women" (page 6).
June 3, 2018, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-1

"Widows are often rejected as immoral or regarded as burdens: they suffer violence, expulsion, ostracism and sometimes forced remarriage, often with a brother-in-law, as reported by the UN Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) in a rare study published in 2014," (1).
April 17, 2018, 4:59 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1, LR-DATA-1

"Twenty-three percent of women and 17% of men are illiterate" (page 51).
April 17, 2018, 4:54 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"In Tanzania, about 8 in 10 respondents are literate (77% of women and 83% of men). About 9 in 10 urban dwellers are literate (89% of women and 94% of men), a higher percentage than rural dwellers (70% of women and 78% of rural men are literate) (Tables 3.3.1 and 3.3.2). Trends: Literacy among women has increased over the last decade, from 67% in 2004-05 to 72% in 2010, and to 77% in 2015-16. Literacy among men has been higher than among women throughout the decade, and increased from 80% in 2004-05 to 83% in 2015-16. Among respondents of school age (15-24), the percentages who are literate are the same...more
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"Gender-related disparities also characterize non-formal basic education. The literacy rate, 62.9 per cent in urban and 19.2 per cent in rural areas in 2007, is 36.7 per cent among men and 21 per cent among women" (25). The high rates of illiteracy of women would be a barrier to their ability to vote (CODER COMMENT-BCT).
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"That the efforts to eradicate the high percentage of female illiteracy have not been sufficient" (9).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes that the State party intends to strengthen and increase the number of legal clinics. It notes with concern, however, the persistence of many barriers to women’s access to justice, especially in cases of divorce and gender - based violence, such as women’s legal illiteracy, the lack of awareness in the State party and in its relevant national legislation of women ’s rights, gender stereotyping, including among law enforcement personnel and traditional chiefs, the subjection of women to customary and traditional legal systems, corruption within the judiciary, the unavailability of courts in rural areas, legal fees and the cost of medical certificates, which are borne by the victims...more
March 28, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is also concerned at the lack of data on voters disaggregated by sex, a unified database of citizens and the absence of cross-referenced data between the Central Election Commission and the various ministries, and insufficient information on women voters who may be excluded from registration on the lists of voters because they live in their husband ’s home without permanent or temporary registration" (6).
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the allocation of a large part of the State budget to education, the many measures taken to increase access to education for women and girls and the issuance of policy letter No. 004379 of 11 October 2007 by the Ministry of Education authorizing girls to continue their education after giving birth. The Committee remains concerned, however, about: (a) The low enrolment rates of girls at the secondary and tertiary levels of education and the high dropout rates of girls at all levels of education owing to, among other things, early marriage, unequal share of domestic responsibilities, preference given by parents for their sons’ education, and teenage pregnancy;...more