The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for WAM-LAW-1

June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"In early August the local press reported that the Court of First Instance’s prosecutor filed charges including slander, incitement, and defamation against local journalist Mohammad Qaddah, who reportedly posted a video on Facebook, which authorities described as “insulting” and “derogatory” to women in the country" (12).
June 7, 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"Social communication is required to abstain from discrimination based on sex, sexual orientation or disabilities, among others, while declarations found to incite to hatred are liable for criminal sanctions (Law 70/VII/2010, Law 71/VII/2010, Law 73/VII/2010, published 16 August, and Law No. 90/VIII/2015, published 4 July). The Social Communication Regulatory Authority (ARC), established in 2011 (paragraph 205 of CCD), in its 2016 annual report analyses the diversity and plurality of information produced by public media, which showed both women and men as key players in news, although men predominate (68 per cent of news analysed have men as key players)" (9).
May 15, 2019, 7:58 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"In July the Ministry of Information and the Ministry of Women’s Affairs began to implement a code of conduct for all media outlets for reporting on violence against women. The code banned publication of information, including pictures of victims; depictions of women’s death, injury, or nudity; and the use of certain offensive or disparaging words against women. The Ministry of Women’s Affairs first announced a reporting system within the government to increase accountability and transparency in the government’s response to violence against women" (26).
May 4, 2019, 1:36 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The Jamaica Broadcasting Commission bars certain lyrics and music videos, including songs referring to violent sex or violence against women" (p. 8).
April 30, 2019, 5:57 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"“The Taliban had a list of all the women who were working in the government, civil society, media, women’s organizations,” she said. “I knew they were going to come for me.” She hid in a relative’s basement for two days before donning an all-covering burqa and fleeing the city." (para 12).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The government maintained controls on cinema, music, theater, and art exhibits and censored those productions deemed to transgress Islamic values. The government censored or banned films deemed to promote secularism, non-Islamic ideas about women’s rights, unethical behavior, drug abuse, violence, or alcoholism" (22). "In January, Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance Reza Salehi Amiri reportedly boasted about the banning of 10 films from the Tehran Fajr International Film Festival. Amiri was quoted saying that for the first time, films with 'feminist and inappropriate themes' had been removed" (23).
March 18, 2019, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The Ministry of Gender Equality and Family monitors song lyrics and may ban content it considers offensive" (8).
March 1, 2019, 11:52 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The Cybercrimes Act (No. 14 of 2014) also protects women by prosecuting anyone who disseminates or publishes information, images or audio or video recordings, even if they are genuine, that encroach on the sanctity of private or family life, or anyone who targets women with libel or slander. It criminalizes all such acts perpetrated by any person" (25).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The Committee acknowledges the measures adopted by the State party to eliminate gender stereotypes that discriminate against women, such as awareness-raising and educational campaigns to sensitize politicians and the media to gender equality, the commendable mandatory capacity-building activities of the judiciary on the Convention and the establishment of the Monitoring Centre on Images of Women in Advertising" (5).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The prohibition of… sexist remarks... apply to the print and broadcast media, the publication of books, and online newspapers and journals" (5).
Sept. 20, 2018, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"Media ethics for reporting sex crimes is unknown in the nascent electronic media in Pakistan" (para 5).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1, WAM-LAW-1

"No law addresses the unfettered availability of sexually explicit cartoons, comics, and video games, some of which depicted scenes of violent sexual abuse and the rape of children. Experts suggested a culture that appears to accept the depiction of child sexual abuse harmed children" (17). While this statement is focused on the exploitation of children, it is probable that majority of the children experiencing abusive depictions are young girls (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:06 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1, WAM-LAW-1

"No law addresses the unfettered availability of sexually explicit cartoons, comics, and video games, some of which depicted scenes of violent sexual abuse and the rape of children. Experts suggested a culture that appears to accept the depiction of child sexual abuse harmed children" (17). While this statement is focused on the exploitation of children, it is probable that majority of the children experiencing abusive depictions are young girls (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"...the government sporadically censored films that it deemed contained culturally sensitive or sexually explicit material" (10).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"It is illegal to publish material that is 'detrimental to minors’ bodies' or thought processes or that promotes the sexual abuse and harassment of minors, sexual relations among minors, or 'sexual relations'" (8). Roughly half of all "minors" would be girls, so this is important in terms of the portrayal of women and girls in the media (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The Jamaica Broadcasting Commission barred certain lyrics and music videos, including songs referring to violent sex or violence against women, children, and other vulnerable persons, and edited and expunged lyrics deemed inappropriate to broadcast" (8).
Aug. 20, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the efforts made by the State party to remove discriminatory gender stereotypes from teaching materials used in schools" (page 6).
Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"National legislation and strategic documents oblige mass communication media to avoid gender stereotypes and gender discrimination and to actively contribute to gender equality policies. Such an obligation of Montenegrin media originates from the Constitution of Montenegro, the Gender Equality Law, NAP for Gender Equality 2013-2017, the Law on Media, the Law on Radio-diffusion, the Law on Public Radio-Diffusion Services of Montenegro, and the Code of journalists of Montenegro . . . In 2012 the Media Council for self-regulation was established as an independent self-regulatory body which monitors the work of printed, electronic and online media . . . Legal and strategic documents have been adopted which oblige the media to...more
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1, WAM-LAW-1

"The widespread use of gender stereotypes in the media, notwithstanding the adoption by the national television channel of a code of ethics to monitor discriminatory practices" (page 6).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The Ministry of Tourism and Sports (MTD) is applying the policy whereby the sexist use of the female image is to be avoided in advertising campaigns for tourist destinations and in MTD promotional materials" (page 10). "The Audiovisual Communication Services Act was passed in December 2014. Inmujeres and feminist organizations helped promote gender mainstreaming in the text of the Act, which regulates aspects of the form of ownership of the communications media, content management, advertising messages, communications channels, and child protection, among other issues" (page 11).
May 15, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1, WAM-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to address stereotypes and harmful practices by, among other things, revising the national broadcasting code in 2010 to provide for minimum standards within the media and film industries in relation to combating stereotypes. The Committee remains concerned, however, at the persistence of harmful practices and discriminatory stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society, which perpetuate women’s subordination in the private and public spheres. It notes that such stereotypes also contribute to the increase in child marriage, polygamy and wife inheritance and, hence, to the disadvantaged and unequal status of women in society. The Committee...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"Legislative Decree no. 19 (2012), on the protection of national unity, criminalises any call to discriminate against women, with article 1 thereof outlawing the dissemination of ideas calling for the superiority of any gender….. or inciting acts of violence for this purpose, or transmitting, disseminating, printing, broadcasting, rebroadcasting, producing or circulating any content, printed material, audiovisual material or broadcasting or rebroadcasting mendacious rumours designed to bring about the above. Article 2 provides for imprisonment of not more than seven years and a fine of not more than KWD 10,000, together with confiscation for anyone who violates this prohibition. Punishment shall be doubled in the event of repeat violation" (13).more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1, WAM-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, POLY-LAW-1

"The Committee is deeply concerned about the persistence of patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society. It also remains concerned about the very high prevalence of harmful practices, in particular female genital mutilation, child marriage, polygamy and levirate, and the fact that they are not prohibited by law. The Committee urges the State party: (a) To adopt legal provisions explicitly prohibiting harmful practices, such as polygamy, child marriage, female genital mutilation, levirate and unequal inheritance rights for women, provide for adequate sanctions and ensure the effective implementation of the provisions; (b) To expeditiously adopt a comprehensive strategy...more
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The Government has taken deliberate measures to ensure that women are portrayed positively in Kenya by passing the Media Council Act (2013) which contains a Code of Conduct for journalists that calls for objectivity and fairness in portrayal of women and children" (18).
Feb. 14, 2018, 3:56 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1, WAM-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to combat discriminatory gender stereotypes by promoting the sharing of household duties and parenting responsibilities and to address the stereotyped portrayal of women in the media by strengthening the role of the Advertising Self-Regulation Institute. Nevertheless, it notes with concern: (a) The entrenched stereotypes concerning the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society, perpetuating traditional roles of women as mothers and housewives and undermining their social status and educational and career prospects; (b) The limited measures taken to eliminate stereotypes in the education system, including in school curricula and textbooks; (c) The growing influence of men’s organizations...more
Feb. 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"Unlike other EU countries, Italy still does not have a law addressing stereotypical and sexist attitudes in the media and advertising industry, though since 2010 some draft laws have been filed with the Parliament" (12).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The Government Bill Education and accessibility — public service broadcasting 2014-2019 (Govt Bill 2012/13:164) was adopted by the Riksdag in November 2013. In this Bill the Government states that through their special status and their programming the public service broadcasters Sveriges Radio AB (SR), Sveriges Television AB (SVT), and Sveriges Utbildningsradio AB (UR) have more opportunity than other media companies to influence attitudes in society and that it is therefore natural to make higher demands on public service programming. This is why the broadcasting licences of SR, SVT and UR for the period 2014-2019, which were adopted in December 2013, contain a provision that their programming as a whole is...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"One local radio station, 'Kol Barama', prohibits the broadcasting of women voices and hiring women presenters. The Attorney General conclusively argued that the radio station cannot eliminate women from public space" (19).
Dec. 8, 2017, 10:30 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, WAM-LAW-1

"Backpage.com, one of the world’s largest classified ad websites and a frequent target in the political battle against sex trafficking, closed its adult ads section Monday in the United States, claiming to be the victim of a government witch hunt.The extraordinary move came shortly after the release of a scathing U.S. Senate report that accused Backpage of hiding criminal activity by deleting terms from ads that indicated sex trafficking or prostitution, including of children"(para 1-2)."The site [Backpage] has long positioned itself as a champion of online speech freedoms and has relied on the Communications Decency Act of 1996, a federal statute that immunizes website operators from the content of users’...more
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"Amnesty International understands that the interrogations focused, in particular, on two local initiatives: a website called 'Feminist School', which posts reports and articles on issues related to feminist theories and practices and the state of women’s rights in Iran and globally; and the Campaign to Change the Masculine Face of Parliament, launched ahead of the February 2016 parliamentary elections in Iran to push for the increased presence of pro-women’s rights candidates in parliament. Members of both initiatives have been pressured to close or suspend their activities and practice heightened self-censorship...The Feminist School website has not been updated since the middle of February 2016"(para 6-7)."The latest target of this intensified crackdown...more