The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for WAM-LAW-1

April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"Legislative Decree no. 19 (2012), on the protection of national unity, criminalises any call to discriminate against women, with article 1 thereof outlawing the dissemination of ideas calling for the superiority of any gender….. or inciting acts of violence for this purpose, or transmitting, disseminating, printing, broadcasting, rebroadcasting, producing or circulating any content, printed material, audiovisual material or broadcasting or rebroadcasting mendacious rumours designed to bring about the above. Article 2 provides for imprisonment of not more than seven years and a fine of not more than KWD 10,000, together with confiscation for anyone who violates this prohibition. Punishment shall be doubled in the event of repeat violation" (13).more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1, WAM-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, POLY-LAW-1

"The Committee is deeply concerned about the persistence of patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society. It also remains concerned about the very high prevalence of harmful practices, in particular female genital mutilation, child marriage, polygamy and levirate, and the fact that they are not prohibited by law. The Committee urges the State party: (a) To adopt legal provisions explicitly prohibiting harmful practices, such as polygamy, child marriage, female genital mutilation, levirate and unequal inheritance rights for women, provide for adequate sanctions and ensure the effective implementation of the provisions; (b) To expeditiously adopt a comprehensive strategy ...more
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The Government has taken deliberate measures to ensure that women are portrayed positively in Kenya by passing the Media Council Act (2013) which contains a Code of Conduct for journalists that calls for objectivity and fairness in portrayal of women and children" (18).
Feb. 14, 2018, 3:56 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1, WAM-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to combat discriminatory gender stereotypes by promoting the sharing of household duties and parenting responsibilities and to address the stereotyped portrayal of women in the media by strengthening the role of the Advertising Self-Regulation Institute. Nevertheless, it notes with concern: (a) The entrenched stereotypes concerning the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society, perpetuating traditional roles of women as mothers and housewives and undermining their social status and educational and career prospects; (b) The limited measures taken to eliminate stereotypes in the education system, including in school curricula and textbooks; (c) The growing influence of men’s organizations ...more
Feb. 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"Unlike other EU countries, Italy still does not have a law addressing stereotypical and sexist attitudes in the media and advertising industry, though since 2010 some draft laws have been filed with the Parliament" (12).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The Government Bill Education and accessibility — public service broadcasting 2014-2019 (Govt Bill 2012/13:164) was adopted by the Riksdag in November 2013. In this Bill the Government states that through their special status and their programming the public service broadcasters Sveriges Radio AB (SR), Sveriges Television AB (SVT), and Sveriges Utbildningsradio AB (UR) have more opportunity than other media companies to influence attitudes in society and that it is therefore natural to make higher demands on public service programming. This is why the broadcasting licences of SR, SVT and UR for the period 2014-2019, which were adopted in December 2013, contain a provision that their programming as a whole is ...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"One local radio station, 'Kol Barama', prohibits the broadcasting of women voices and hiring women presenters. The Attorney General conclusively argued that the radio station cannot eliminate women from public space" (19).
Dec. 8, 2017, 10:30 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, WAM-LAW-1

"Backpage.com, one of the world’s largest classified ad websites and a frequent target in the political battle against sex trafficking, closed its adult ads section Monday in the United States, claiming to be the victim of a government witch hunt.The extraordinary move came shortly after the release of a scathing U.S. Senate report that accused Backpage of hiding criminal activity by deleting terms from ads that indicated sex trafficking or prostitution, including of children"(para 1-2)."The site [Backpage] has long positioned itself as a champion of online speech freedoms and has relied on the Communications Decency Act of 1996, a federal statute that immunizes website operators from the content of users’ ...more
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"Amnesty International understands that the interrogations focused, in particular, on two local initiatives: a website called 'Feminist School', which posts reports and articles on issues related to feminist theories and practices and the state of women’s rights in Iran and globally; and the Campaign to Change the Masculine Face of Parliament, launched ahead of the February 2016 parliamentary elections in Iran to push for the increased presence of pro-women’s rights candidates in parliament. Members of both initiatives have been pressured to close or suspend their activities and practice heightened self-censorship...The Feminist School website has not been updated since the middle of February 2016"(para 6-7)."The latest target of this intensified crackdown ...more
April 24, 2017, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"In recent years, Israel's ultra-Orthodox have lobbied to omit women's faces from advertisements on the side of Jerusalem buses that circulate in religious areas. During recent Jewish holidays, signs appeared in a religious neighborhood of Jerusalem, Mea Sharim, instructing women to keep off the main road and use side streets for the sake of modesty" (9).
Feb. 17, 2017, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"Additionally, the law requires that advertising be produced domestically and prohibits any advertising deemed to be sexist, racist, or discriminatory in nature" (16).
Jan. 4, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

“Academics reported the GID must clear all university professors before their appointment and that all research papers, forums, reading materials, movies, or seminars must be approved by the university administration, which in turn clears potentially controversial material through the GID. Commercial foreign films are edited for sexual content before screening in commercial theaters” (16).
Dec. 9, 2016, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The Ministry of Gender Equality and Family monitors song lyrics and may ban releases it considers offensive" (8).
Nov. 4, 2016, 8:48 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"What's more, the learned judge found that many newspapers, particularly the popular tabloids, had a case to answer.Discrimination against women and minorities (including immigrants and asylum seekers but also Muslims) 'merit further consideration by any new regulator', he added. [Under the current press complaints system, a group complaint is not ordinarily admissible, but clause 12 outlaws discrimination of this sort]"(para 2-3)
July 4, 2016, 9:14 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The passing, in 2009, of Law 26.522 on audiovisual communication services, which explicitly aims to promote balanced and varied images of men and women in the media, taking account of cultural and linguistic diversity and local identities" (12). "The banning of sex trade advertisements, through Presidential Decree 936/11, helps to eliminate cultural patterns that identify women’s bodies as a sexual object of commerce. For that purpose, the Sex Trade Advertisements Monitoring Office was created, as part of the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights, in which the National Women’s Council participates" (13).
June 27, 2016, 9:53 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"Also, annual awards for media in recognition of their efforts to promote gender equality and eliminate gender biases are granted" (11).
June 20, 2016, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The State Party established a Media and Gender Equality Committee (MGEC) in 2012 in line with Section 16 of MCW on the non-discriminatory and non- derogatory portrayal of women in media and film. MGEC produced the Code of Ethics for Media, Gender Equality Guidelines, and Media Guidelines to Protect Women against Discrimination in Media and Film which were launched in March 2013 for government media, self-regulatory bodies, schools of journalism, information and communication, and national federations and associations to make media more gender sensitive while respecting media’s self-regulation. Memorandum Circular No. 48 was issued in 2013 'directing all concerned government agencies to adopt the gender equality guidelines in the development ...more
June 10, 2016, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"When encouraging the mass media not to perpetuate sexist role stereotypes, use is made at federal and Länder level of the existing strict constitutional framework, which guarantees freedom of opinion. Pursuant to section 4, No. 1 of the Act against Unfair Competition (UWG), sexist advertising, violating human dignity according to Article 1 of the European Union-Charter of Fundamental Rights or Article 1 of the Basic Law is unfair if it is suited to impairing the freedom of decision of consumers and other market participants in an inhuman manner. Pursuant to section 8 of that Act, the right exists to claim cessation or elimination against such advertising. The German Advertising Council ...more
May 31, 2016, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The NCWC in 2008 discussed issues and sensitized the media on the code of conduct and ethics on reporting on women and children. Since then the NCWC has forwarded the guidelines to the Bhutan Info Comm. and Media Authority (BICMA) for incorporation in the media act. Use of mass media, especially post media act and the foreseen emergence of even more media participation, will be extended and strengthened, especially in the far flung and remote areas to raise awareness of women and empower them through advocacy and public awareness campaigns. Feature stories on women and of the already established women in the leadership position will be made to set an ...more
May 28, 2016, 6:59 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"Armenian television and radio companies play a significant role in the process of overcoming gender stereotypes. An independent regulatory body functions under the law for the purpose of ensuring the freedom, independence and diversity of the broadcast media. Public and private television and radio companies operate within the Republic of Armenia. When selecting a participant licensed during competitions held in 2010 for carrying out on-air broadcasting of television programmes of republican, metropolitan, regional coverage through the digital broadcasting network, the independent regulatory body takes into account the broadcasting policy programmes of private televisions, one of the components of which is the ability to promote pluralism on the basis of the ...more
May 25, 2016, 8:07 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"As part of the efforts to reduce secondary victimization in sexual violence cases, media reporting guidelines for sexual violence cases were created and distributed to news agencies along with related education in 2014" (18).
May 15, 2016, 7:55 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The Law on Media (Official Gazette of the Republic of Montenegro 51/02 and 62/02) prohibits publication of information and opinions which incite discrimination, hatred or violence against persons or group of persons because of their belonging or not belonging to a certain race, religion, nation, ethnic group, sex or sexual orientation (Article 23). In addition, the Law guarantees any natural or legal person the right to correction or response when he/she believes that some of his/her rights defined under the Constitution or the Law have been violated by the published broadcasting contents (Article 26)." (17) "Building upon the Constitution of Montenegro which lays down that everyone shall be entitled to ...more
April 19, 2016, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: PHBP-LAW-1, WAM-LAW-1

"In July 2011, a new law banned media advertisement of cosmetic surgery" (13).
April 4, 2016, 7:21 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The Council’s final decision, which the High Court of Justice found no reason to dispute, was that the broadcasters may only offer channels presenting 'soft' erotic content that does not present sexual relations with violence, abuse, coercion, exploitation or humiliation,and does not breach the Telecommunications Law that prohibits exhibiting a human being or his/her body part as an object available for sexual use. The Council also limited pornographic broadcasting with measures such as making it solely available on demand, for a fee, to adults over the age of 18, only during late-night hours, or coded by a personal code, in order to prevent children from viewing the content" (31).more
March 14, 2016, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"Apart from the above legal acts, safeguarding provisions exists in other regulations. In this respect, the Code of Conduct of Public Broadcaster should be mentioned. One of the fundamental principles of the Code of Conduct of Public Broadcaster is the principle of equality prohibiting discrimination based inter alia on gender belonging. In addition, the Code of Conduct of Public Broadcaster contains separate paragraph on women. The aim of this paragraph is to ensure that discriminatory statements, opinions and behavior against women as well as their stereotyping are avoided. Namely, paragraph 15.7 stipulates the following: 'Notwithstanding recent dramatic changes in the attitude towards women and the fact that the present-day Georgian ...more
Feb. 26, 2016, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"Please refer to Article 16 of the Gender Equality Act. The general principles of the Media Act (Article 3) prohibit the broadcasting of programme content which, among other things, promotes or advocates gender or other inequality or inequality on the basis of sexual orientation...The 2009 Electronic Media Act prohibits discrimination and dissemination of hatred based on gender in programme content and discrimination through television advertising and telemarketing" (33)
Feb. 23, 2016, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The position of an Ombusperson representative on children's rights, non-discrimination, and gender equality was not abolished and functioning. … In response to Mrs B.'s appeal on widespread of gender-discriminatory advertising, she got a reply on 17.08.2012, 'the Ombudsperson on Human Rights are not empowered to directly solve the issues raised'. ... Based on an expert's opinion, such kind of response contradicts the law of Ukraine and also the laws 'On Ombudsperson of Verchovna Rada of Ukraine on Human Rights' and 'On ensuring the equal rights and opportunities for women and men'. However, certain steps were made on this appeal: an appeal was sent to the State Inspection of Ukraine on ...more
Jan. 27, 2016, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"In theory, Canadian advertisers and broadcasters are expected to adhere to gender portrayal guidelines stipulating representative, balanced and respectful portrayals, established as a condition of license more than 30 years ago" (68).
Jan. 1, 2016, 12:28 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"There are a wide range of regulatory controls on the media and advertising which set out rules on discriminatory treatment and in relation to the portrayal of women. Under the Communications Act 2003 (the Communications Act), Parliament has placed a duty on the broadcasting regulator, the Office of Communications (Ofcom), to draw up a Broadcasting Standards Code which prohibits discriminatory treatment or language on the grounds of (among other things) gender. The Code reflects the requirements placed on Member States which are set out in the Audio Visual Media Services Directive. While the British Government does not intervene in what the print media choose to publish, the media must abide ...more
Dec. 23, 2015, 9:47 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"Sweden does currently not have any law against gender stereotypical advertising" (para 9)