The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for WAM-PRACTICE-1

Feb. 14, 2019, 10:48 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"The government also restricted the activities of a nonofficial writers union, the independent Union of Belarusian Writers, and extensively supported the progovernment Union of Writers of Belarus. Authorities harassed distributors of books authored by critical and independent writers or written in the Belarusian language. Authorities did not allow local printing of books by Sviatlana Aleksievich, winner of the Nobel Prize for literature, although her books were widely available in bookstores and online, primarily in Russian editions" (21).
Feb. 4, 2019, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"The Government welcomed the recent report: Depictions, Perceptions and Harm from the UK’s advertising regulator (the Advertising Standards Authority), which examined the effect of gender stereotypes in advertising. The report provides evidence to show that adverts that include stereotypical gender roles or characteristics have the potential to cause harm. The Government is considering options for how UK Government can work with the sector to ensure that adverts depict both women and men in a positive way... To put in place a new system of voluntary press self-regulation, the Press Recognition Panel (PRP) was established by Royal Charter. The PRP is independent from government and its function is to assess if...more
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned about: (a) The persistence of discriminatory gender stereotypes about the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society; (b) Stigmatizing and derogatory political statements and public campaigns targeting women in political and public life, including women human rights defenders; (c) The persistence of discriminatory gender stereotypes and sexist portrayals of women in the mass media and in advertisements; (d) The negative influence and advocacy of men’s and fathers’ rights groups, which undermine the recognition of women’s human rights, in particular equality in family life" (5).
Jan. 25, 2019, 9:57 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"Information that textbooks used in the Arab education system contain negative stereotypes concerning the roles and responsibilities of women and men, notwithstanding the adoption in 2015 of a guideline on teaching methods, which requires that all textbooks undergo “gender-focused editing” before approval by the Ministry of Education" (pg. 13).
Jan. 17, 2019, 3:09 p.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"This Lima-based regional network that is active in 15 countries is carrying out the campaign 'Child Pregnancy is Torture', which has contributed to raising awareness about this silenced issue in the international community...It also called for prevention measures through comprehensive sex education with a gender perspective from early childhood onwards, the inclusion of such content in the media, and a halt to the sexualisation of girls in the media" (para. 11, 13).
Jan. 10, 2019, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"It started with a visit to Kaya's hometown by well-known Turkish folk singer Sibel Can. Can was a judge on a moderately popular TV singing show, and she was convinced Kaya could be a star. A promotional video posted online shows Can, Kaya and her mother on a couch as Kaya sings her mother's favorite song. Kaya then finds herself on stage, in full makeup and evening dress, with her mother—wearing a headscarf—watching anxiously from the audience. From Kaya's very first notes she seems to be a hit, earning cheers and applause from the beginning to the end of her performance" (para 2-3).
Jan. 9, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, WAM-PRACTICE-1

"There were recurring references to transactional sex and allegations that women students preferred ‘sugar daddies,’ echoing a dominant media focus in Nigeria on the alleged 'immorality' of women undergraduates. Given such views, the residential hall authorities blamed gender-based violence on the victims, holding women responsible for their own sexual harassment because of their 'indecent dressing'" (para 18).
Jan. 8, 2019, 7:55 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"As local and politically outspoken women are a Western media clickbait favorite, women’s images and statements are frequently used in the stories about protests even if few women are present. The veil, even when it is a minor player, seems to have become a reductive symbol of women's participation in wider movements. According to Mahnaz Shirali, a researcher at Sciences Po Paris and author of 'The Mystery of Contemporary Iran,' the coverage of the Iranian protests in European and American media has indeed often been 'partial and sometimes superficial.' 'It’s true that the question of the veil is important and a symbol of the regime's repression, but Iranian society's —...more
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"The Ministry of Information, Culture and Tourism has made efforts to raise awareness and visibility of CEDAW as well as of the human rights of women, violence against women through various activities and the media means in which women journalists actively participated. The number of journalists and news anchors on TV and radio is 676 in total, of whom 35 per cent are women. The Ministry of Information, Culture and Tourism mainstreams gender into its sector-wide plans to produce media based on the needs and interests of women and girls, safeguard against pornography and promote gender capacity building. These activities of the Ministry of Information, Culture and Tourism also contributed...more
Jan. 2, 2019, 6:35 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"Free Women Writers works to decrease violence against women by highlighting the stories of women who have overcome and those who continue to resist and fight it. We write to say that gender-based violence is not normal or acceptable and that we will no longer silently tolerate it. We write to create a safe space for women to tell their stories and know that they are not alone" (para 2). "Through the women at Free Women Writers and the hundreds of bloggers who contribute from around the country, I have learned that speaking up against street harassment, domestic abuse, and sexual and physical violence are not only essential for fighting...more
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned at the persistence of harmful practices such as child marriage and of discriminatory stereotypes and deep-rooted patriarchal attitudes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society. The Committee is particularly concerned: (a) That the State party has no comprehensive strategy to eliminate patriarchal attitudes and discriminatory stereotypes; . . . (d) That the evaluation of the impact of programmes, such as that on “defining masculinity excellence”, and the television series Gender on Your Agenda: You’ve Got Male in eliminating stereotypes and changing attitudes towards the roles of women and men in society has not been completed." (page 6).more
Dec. 1, 2018, 2:16 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"But scholars say Japanese women are far less likely to describe nonconsensual sex as rape than women in the West. Japan’s rape laws make no mention of consent, date rape is essentially a foreign concept and education about sexual violence is minimal. Instead, rape is often depicted in manga comics and pornography as an extension of sexual gratification, in a culture in which such material is often an important channel of sex education" (para 10, 11).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"An analysis of both customary law and practices indicates that women in Burma hold a lesser status in society . . . In part, this stems from the prevalence of negative gender stereotypes and assumptions in the media. This failure strongly suggests the need for promoting awareness of law and legal rights among women and for establishing the means to enforce rights on paper such as complaint centers. This is especially important at the local and village level in ethnic areas, where discriminatory stereotypes are deeply embedded in society and culture" (page 6). "Despite the Committee’s 2008 recommendation to introduce curricula and textbooks that are not sex-discriminatory, little has been...more
Nov. 9, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, WAM-PRACTICE-1

"Saudi working women have launched a social media hashtag to reject links between the rise in divorce figures and the trend of women taking up employment" (para 1).
Nov. 3, 2018, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"In ultra-Orthodox areas of Jerusalem, vandals damaged images of women participating in bat mitzvah celebrations in advertisements" (para 160)
Oct. 5, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned at the persistence of negative and patriarchal stereotypes of women and girls in school curricula and textbooks" (Pg 12).
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"In the framework of ongoing efforts to develop education, the Government has sought to change stereotypes in school curricula and textbooks regarding the types of work that men and women perform. The Government treats in a balanced way the roles of men and women and boys and girls in subjects covered by school curricula and in pictorial representations of situations of daily life. The Ministry of Education has paralleled this with efforts to incorporate concepts of human rights and the rights of the child and women in education to provide integral educational curricula for grades 1-12, in cooperation and partnership with UNICEF. Child rights curricula have also been designed for...more
Sept. 20, 2018, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"Gang rape victims... are treated like outcasts despite being victims... In jurisdictions with a more humane criminal justice system and sensitive society, the victim is protected. However, naming and shaming is practiced exclusively for the victim by the media in Pakistan; the offenders are the ones that usually get immunity and anonymity" (para 4-5). "Recently BBC News reported the case of a teenage girl from rural Punjab who was subjected to gang rape and then the rapist had posted video of the crime on social media. The video showed her being raped by four men, one by one, while she pleaded for mercy. It spread rapidly through the towns and...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"These legislative provisions and regulatory measures have been accompanied by major efforts of awareness-raising and information targeting the population at large through educational campaigns in the traditional and non-traditional mass media, covering various issues on women’s human rights and political participation (with a view to the 2016 municipal elections); sexual and workplace harassment (State universities report an increase in this type of violence, attributable both to the change in internal regulations and information campaigns); economic rights; labour rights; the right to live a violence-free life, co-responsibility and care, and gender myths and stereotypes (the “Male Chauvinist in Rehabilitation” campaign in social media)" (19). "Lastly, in a consultation held among over...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1, WAM-LAW-1

"No law addresses the unfettered availability of sexually explicit cartoons, comics, and video games, some of which depicted scenes of violent sexual abuse and the rape of children. Experts suggested a culture that appears to accept the depiction of child sexual abuse harmed children" (17). While this statement is focused on the exploitation of children, it is probable that majority of the children experiencing abusive depictions are young girls (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:06 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1, WAM-LAW-1

"No law addresses the unfettered availability of sexually explicit cartoons, comics, and video games, some of which depicted scenes of violent sexual abuse and the rape of children. Experts suggested a culture that appears to accept the depiction of child sexual abuse harmed children" (17). While this statement is focused on the exploitation of children, it is probable that majority of the children experiencing abusive depictions are young girls (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"The existence of gender bias in the school curriculum and textbooks, reinforcing traditional gender stereotypes" (10).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"It also notes with concern the prevalence of harmful practices such as child marriage in some areas of the State party and about the persistence of gender bias and gender stereotypes in the media" (5).
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee remains concerned at the persistence of patriarchal attitudes and discriminatory stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society. It is particularly concerned at the persistence of such stereotypes in educational textbooks, which may have an impact on educational choices and the sharing of family and domestic responsibilities between women and men. The Committee is also concerned at: (a) The lack of a comprehensive strategy to eliminate patriarchal attitudes and discriminatory stereotypes, which are partly fomented by religion . . . (c) Discriminatory stereotypes faced by ethnic minority women, in particular Muslim women in Rakhine State" (page 7).
Aug. 20, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the efforts made by the State party to remove discriminatory gender stereotypes from teaching materials used in schools. It is nevertheless concerned about persisting stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society, as well as derogatory statements and behaviour by high-level political figures with regard to women and public acquiescence to such statements and behaviour. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Put in place a comprehensive strategy with proactive and sustained measures aimed at both women and men at all levels of society, including political, traditional and religious leaders, to eliminate discriminatory stereotypes about the roles and...more
Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"The Department for Gender Equality in 2013/2014 published 2 publications: 'The Register of professions and titles of women' and 'Monitoring — gender sensitivity of Montenegrin media' . . . The Department for Gender Equality, through TAIEX programme of the European Commission in 2013 and 2014 organized the workshops on the gender equality policies for media representatives. The NGOs 'Centre for Civic Education' and 'Civic alliance', through project 'Speed up human rights', in January 2015 organized the training of gender equality in the media and the use of gender sensitive language for journalists . . . 'Gender sensitization of Montenegrin media — A step forward' project was implemented with the support...more
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1, WAM-LAW-1

"The widespread use of gender stereotypes in the media, notwithstanding the adoption by the national television channel of a code of ethics to monitor discriminatory practices" (page 6).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"As regards the work to eliminate gender stereotypes, the national television channel of Uruguay developed a code of ethics that includes, among other issues, the treatment of gender-based violence, discrimination and issues related to gender identity and sexual orientation, as well as self-regulation for content and promotion of equal participation between the sexes in the media . . . The Plan Ceibal has facilitated the dissemination of non-discriminatory content with a gender perspective. Since 2013 it has been doing coordination work with Inmujeres to develop computer tools for these undertakings" (page 10).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"NZOC [New Zealand Olympic Committee] has also embarked on an ambitious programme to change the quantity and style of media coverage with a focus on the upcoming Rio Olympic Games. This programme manages the supply of information regarding athletes/teams with consistent messaging, language and coverage irrespective of gender. Work is underway with journalists, media channels and athletes in support of this initiative. The impact will be tracked in the period leading up to and during the Olympic Games" (page 30-31).
June 8, 2018, 1:26 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"Furthermore, the Committee notes with concern: (a) That discriminatory stereotypes portraying women as mothers and housewives and men as active participants in economic and public life remain present in some textbooks, in particular textbooks for refugees, which are based on the Syrian curriculum" (page 13).