The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for WR-PRACTICE-2

Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Women who have become widows and heads of household as a result of male family members having been arrested, disappeared or killed, and who face stigma and difficulties in earning a living and supporting their families" (7).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Some women widowed by HIV/AIDS were accused of being witches who purposely killed their husbands to acquire belongings; as retribution, they were deprived of all possessions" (21).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Nonetheless, in a few isolated areas, widows were sometimes forced to have sex with male in-laws or a designee as part of a culturally mandated 'sexual cleansing' ritual following the death of the husband. In some cases widows were “inherited” by a brother-in-law or other male relative. The government and NGOs continued efforts to abolish such practices by raising awareness concerning the inherent dangers of such behavior, including the risk of HIV/AIDS transmission" (16). "Women often had less access to legal and financial assistance, and widows often were victims of discriminatory and illegal inheritance practices in which most of an estate was taken by the deceased husband’s family" (17).more
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee expresses concern that harmful practices, such as child and forced marriage, polygamy, female genital mutilation and other forms of excision, humiliating and degrading widowhood practices, force-feeding, levirate and sororate, remain prevalent and unpunished in the State party" (page 6).
June 3, 2018, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Widows are often rejected as immoral or regarded as burdens: they suffer violence, expulsion, ostracism and sometimes forced remarriage, often with a brother-in-law, as reported by the UN Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) in a rare study published in 2014," (1). Often uneducated and cloistered at home, the women have few options if their husbands die. At best, they receive $150 a year from the government if their husband was killed in fighting. They survive by doing household chores, a little sewing, or by sending their children to beg in the bazaar," (1).
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3, SMES-DATA-2, CWC-DATA-3, WR-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is concerned about the situation of women heads of households, widows, refugees and women with disabilities, who often suffer multiple forms of discrimination, especially with regard to access to land, education, employment, adequate housing, health care and social services" (15).
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3, WR-PRACTICE-2

"While noting the State party’s provision of small financial grants to older persons and efforts to improve the lives of women with disabilities and widows, the Committee is concerned at the lack of disaggregated data on the challenges that those groups of women face in the enjoyment of their rights under the Convention. The Committee calls upon the State party: (a) To pay special attention to the needs of older women, women with disabilities and widows to ensure that they enjoy equal access to health care, training, employment and other rights; (b) To collect disaggregated data on the status of older women, women with disabilities and widows, focusing on the...more
Feb. 26, 2018, 11:48 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"'My in-laws brought pressure on me to leave home without my girls and get the foetus aborted. They even offered Rs. 2 lakh, but I refused and stay put in the house. Even now, my children and I have to face a lot of harassment and discrimination,' Yadamma said" (Para 3). "The women [widows] are also subjected to severe discrimination and abuse, which is so internalised by them that they are unmoved by it. 'Nobody invites us to any auspicious occasion. I cannot attend the functions of my own children,' says Yadamma, with a tinge of sadness, while B. Somakka from Brahmanakothapalli village of Mahbubabad district does not see why...more
Jan. 11, 2018, 6:37 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"The Facebook challenge to bring down the stigma associated with widows, who have to dress only in white after their husband’s death, has gained a lot of traction among young women in the last ten days" (para 2). "With more than 60,000 youths taking up the challenge, Lily Thapa, the founder of Women for Human Rights, is overwhelmed by the response. 'The colour red symbolises passion and life so our culture prohibits widows from wearing anything red. Women are forced to wear only white attire, which I believe takes a toll on their beauty. So, the main aim of this campaign is to change that mentality,' says Lily. Kicking off...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"A member of Iraq’s parliament has put forward a proposal to legalise polygamy in the country to 'protect the dignity' of widows, divorced women, and older women who choose not to marry" (para 1). If the dignity of widows needs to be protected, this indicates that their reputation may be at risk otherwise (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 1, 2017, 1:47 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Many elderly women in northern Ghana have fled their homes to live in so-called witch camps. They have been accused of witchcraft and fear being killed" (para 1). "'How can someone like me be sitting in her house and you come to tell me I have spiritual powers?' laments sixty-year-old Hajia Barichisu. She is one of the many women accused of practicing witchcraft in Poloyafong district in the city of Tamale in northern Ghana. She was targeted by those fighting against the practice" (para 2). CC: It is highly likely that these elderly women are widows.
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:02 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Though the Marriage Law gave women the right to land within the household unit and the Agrarian Reform Law granted men and women equal rights to land in general, in much of rural PRC customary practices prevail. Sons, rather than widows or daughters, continue to be considered the natural heirs of land (OECD 2010, p. 25)"(25)
Nov. 29, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2, WR-PRACTICE-2

"A study was conducted of 81 schools in the Indian states of Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, and Karnataka, where mid-day meal schemes were introduced in 2002 following an order by the Indian Supreme Court...The program was also found to free mothers from the burden of feeding children at home at mid-day, a benefit especially to widowed mothers who often work outside the home without any domestic support (Drèze and Goyal 2003, p. 4676)"(62)
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2, GP-DATA-5

"Institutions that build solidarity among such women [female-headed households and widows] can lessen some of these impacts [lower income and higher food prices], as seen among certain indigenous ethnic groups in the Chittagong Hill Tracts in Bangladesh (Mallick and Rafi 2010)"(12)
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"When a woman in Nepal loses her husband, she often wears white clothes. The culture also requires widows to shun merriment and live in virtual seclusion"(para 1)."Rani Maya Shrestha was working on a neighbor’s potato farm when the first of Nepal’s two massive earthquakes struck last year. She rushed home to find her husband buried in the ruins of their house northeast of the capital Kathmandu.'I should have died with him,' said Shrestha inside the tin hovel that has been her home for the last year. 'Without my husband, my life has become meaningless'"(para 1-2)."Twin quakes in April and May 2015 killed some 9,000 people in the Himalayan nation, leaving...more
Oct. 23, 2017, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-PRACTICE-3

"A group of marriage officials in Saudi Arabia have formed a group on WhatsApp to matchmake men with multiple wives in an attempt to deal with the 'problem' of a rising number of divorced women, widows, and spinsters in the country" (para 1).
Oct. 20, 2017, 10 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"After her husband’s death, she received a pension of 7,500 afghanis ($120) a month. But a year later that money stopped, she said—the government isn’t sure why—forcing her to ask for her brothers’ help to feed her children" (para 3). "The Afghan Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs, Martyred and Disabled says it pays benefits to the roughly 80,000 war widows who have registered to receive them. Wives of fallen soldiers, policemen or other government employees are entitled to a regular stipend equal to their spouses’ salaries, while widows of civilians killed in attacks are permitted 5,000 afghanis a month. But the number receiving benefits is far below the actual number...more
Sept. 29, 2017, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Some districts from parts of Southern Malawi, families pay a man referred to as 'Hyena' to perform a cleansing sexual ceremony with bereaved widows to 'exorcise evil spirits'. The same is also done to 'initiate' young girls into adulthood at the turn of puberty with total disregard to the HIV status"(para 8)
Sept. 29, 2017, 8:25 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Weddings, funerals, and various other ceremonies and customs in villages all reinforce the idea that men have ‘more value’ than women"(para 1)."As the leader of the rural women’s grassroots organization, Xiufang helps rural women call for change to traditional village rules and regulations; Zhoushan Village was the first village in the country to successfully enhance the gender sensitivity of village regulations. Clauses safeguarding the entitlement to village welfare for divorced or widowed women were also incorporated into the regulations"(para 5)."Now, Xiufang and members of the rural women’s grassroots organization share their experience of changing village rules and regulations with other villages. They also showcase their talent and have initiated innovative...more
Aug. 7, 2017, 3:33 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-2, WR-PRACTICE-2

"India has a long and notorious history of dowry deaths or 'bride burnings' along with sati or widows thrown on their husbands’ funeral pyre" (para 17).
July 6, 2017, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"'[My mother-in-law] told me: 'It's customary when your husband dies, you have to leave and go back to your home'. I was shocked'" (para 3). "In 2015, a U.N. committee called on Tanzania to amend laws and customs that discriminate against women after independent experts considered a complaint by two widows, who had been evicted by their in-laws following the deaths of their husbands" (para 6). "Provisions allowing widows to live on their matrimonial property until they die are often violated by in-laws who take advantage of women's ignorance, fear of social stigma and the inaccessibility of the courts. 'People are misusing culture,' said Eunice Mayengela, a lawyer with a...more
June 8, 2017, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-2

"on Wesal — it means communion or reunion in Arabic — a first-of-its-kind matchmaking website in Gaza. It has been successful, and not just because Tinder and other dating apps are banned or severely frowned on here. Its founder knows his demographic well: residents of the religiously conservative Gaza Strip, with its culture of resistance. Some 1,400 men have been killed in the three wars with Israel since 2008, leaving many widows who would like to remarry. Tradition, however, can make it difficult for them to wed single men" (p 5-6)
June 6, 2017, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

“'Life is harder than during the war… we’re all women on our own with no one to help us'” (1). This is a quote from a war widow at 2:51 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "'I think there should be more government support for households like mine. We need help, so far nothing has been done. If the government doesn’t look into this, nothing will change for us'" (1). This is a quote from a war widow at 5:38 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "In another district of Jafta, not far away, this community center for widows is a hive of activity every Saturday. The service is run by Ithayaraj Shylah, a...more
March 9, 2017, 12:50 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"In the north, especially in the Upper West Region, widows are required to undergo certain indigenous rites to mourn or show devotion for the deceased spouse. The most prevalent widowhood rites included a one-year period of mourning, tying ropes and padlocks around the widow’s waist, forced sitting by the deceased spouse until burial, solitary confinement, forced starvation, shaving the widow’s hair, and smearing clay on the widow’s body. If a widow engages in work or economic activity after the spouse’s death, she may be regarded as adulterous, considered the cause of the spouse’s death, or declared a witch. In these instances the widow may be forced to undergo purification rites...more
Feb. 9, 2017, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"While many African countries such as Burkina Faso, Cameroon and Ghana have laws to protect widows' rights, these are often trumped in rural areas by customary laws, campaigners say" (para 25).
Feb. 9, 2017, 3:40 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"In Sierra Leone, women were encouraged [after their husbands' deaths] to wash stones instead of corpses during the Ebola outbreak to avoid spreading the virus" (para 28).
Feb. 9, 2017, 3:40 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Rather than having sex with a relative of her late husband, many widows in Zimbabwe offer a bowl of water if they want to stay with the family" (para 27).
Feb. 9, 2017, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"When Clarisse's husband died of malaria last year in the Cameroonian city of Douala, she was kicked out of their home by his family and forced to marry his brother. After having sex with her new husband, the 34-year-old discovered she had syphilis, a sexually transmitted disease that can lead to blindness and stroke if untreated. 'He accused me of infidelity. He called a meeting of our families and told them I was a prostitute,' she said tearfully, fiddling with the gold wedding ring from her first marriage. 'Everyone accused me of being a witch and said it was me who had killed my husband ... my stepmother threatened to...more
Feb. 1, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2, IW-PRACTICE-1

"Aniva is by all accounts the pre-eminent 'hyena' in this village. It's a traditional title given to a man hired by communities in several remote parts of southern Malawi to provide what's called sexual 'cleansing'. If a man dies, for example, his wife is required by tradition to sleep with Aniva before she can bury him. If a woman has an abortion, again sexual cleansing is required" (para 3). "In Malawi's central Dedza district, hyenas are only ever used to initiate widows or infertile women" (para 22).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:38 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Both Basu's mother and grandmother had been married and widowed young; in her native India, that meant they could wear only white and were forced to atone for the rest of their lives. 'Widows are regarded as bad omens — as witches, as 'man-eaters.' They bring bad luck. They are paying for sins committed in a past life. The Hindu scripture, the Vedas, is clear on this point,' Basu told Refinery29... It was only after becoming a photojournalist and traveling to Nepal that Basu would meet other widows resigned to the same fate. But these widows were children" (para 2-6). "'[Child widows] are the legacy of child marriage, something we...more