The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for WR-PRACTICE-2

Oct. 26, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"When a woman in Nepal loses her husband, she often wears white clothes. The culture also requires widows to shun merriment and live in virtual seclusion"(para 1)."Rani Maya Shrestha was working on a neighbor’s potato farm when the first of Nepal’s two massive earthquakes struck last year. She rushed home to find her husband buried in the ruins of their house northeast of the capital Kathmandu.'I should have died with him,' said Shrestha inside the tin hovel that has been her home for the last year. 'Without my husband, my life has become meaningless'"(para 1-2)."Twin quakes in April and May 2015 killed some 9,000 people in the Himalayan nation, leaving ...more
Oct. 23, 2017, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-PRACTICE-3

"A group of marriage officials in Saudi Arabia have formed a group on WhatsApp to matchmake men with multiple wives in an attempt to deal with the 'problem' of a rising number of divorced women, widows, and spinsters in the country" (para 1).
Oct. 20, 2017, 10 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"After her husband’s death, she received a pension of 7,500 afghanis ($120) a month. But a year later that money stopped, she said—the government isn’t sure why—forcing her to ask for her brothers’ help to feed her children" (para 3). "The Afghan Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs, Martyred and Disabled says it pays benefits to the roughly 80,000 war widows who have registered to receive them. Wives of fallen soldiers, policemen or other government employees are entitled to a regular stipend equal to their spouses’ salaries, while widows of civilians killed in attacks are permitted 5,000 afghanis a month. But the number receiving benefits is far below the actual number ...more
Sept. 29, 2017, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Some districts from parts of Southern Malawi, families pay a man referred to as 'Hyena' to perform a cleansing sexual ceremony with bereaved widows to 'exorcise evil spirits'. The same is also done to 'initiate' young girls into adulthood at the turn of puberty with total disregard to the HIV status"(para 8)
Sept. 29, 2017, 8:25 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Weddings, funerals, and various other ceremonies and customs in villages all reinforce the idea that men have ‘more value’ than women"(para 1)."As the leader of the rural women’s grassroots organization, Xiufang helps rural women call for change to traditional village rules and regulations; Zhoushan Village was the first village in the country to successfully enhance the gender sensitivity of village regulations. Clauses safeguarding the entitlement to village welfare for divorced or widowed women were also incorporated into the regulations"(para 5)."Now, Xiufang and members of the rural women’s grassroots organization share their experience of changing village rules and regulations with other villages. They also showcase their talent and have initiated innovative ...more
Aug. 7, 2017, 3:33 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-2, WR-PRACTICE-2

"India has a long and notorious history of dowry deaths or 'bride burnings' along with sati or widows thrown on their husbands’ funeral pyre" (para 17).
July 6, 2017, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"'[My mother-in-law] told me: 'It's customary when your husband dies, you have to leave and go back to your home'. I was shocked'" (para 3). "In 2015, a U.N. committee called on Tanzania to amend laws and customs that discriminate against women after independent experts considered a complaint by two widows, who had been evicted by their in-laws following the deaths of their husbands" (para 6). "Provisions allowing widows to live on their matrimonial property until they die are often violated by in-laws who take advantage of women's ignorance, fear of social stigma and the inaccessibility of the courts. 'People are misusing culture,' said Eunice Mayengela, a lawyer with a ...more
June 8, 2017, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-2

"on Wesal — it means communion or reunion in Arabic — a first-of-its-kind matchmaking website in Gaza. It has been successful, and not just because Tinder and other dating apps are banned or severely frowned on here. Its founder knows his demographic well: residents of the religiously conservative Gaza Strip, with its culture of resistance. Some 1,400 men have been killed in the three wars with Israel since 2008, leaving many widows who would like to remarry. Tradition, however, can make it difficult for them to wed single men" (p 5-6)
June 6, 2017, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

“'Life is harder than during the war… we’re all women on our own with no one to help us'” (1). This is a quote from a war widow at 2:51 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "'I think there should be more government support for households like mine. We need help, so far nothing has been done. If the government doesn’t look into this, nothing will change for us'" (1). This is a quote from a war widow at 5:38 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "In another district of Jafta, not far away, this community center for widows is a hive of activity every Saturday. The service is run by Ithayaraj Shylah, a ...more
March 9, 2017, 12:50 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"In the north, especially in the Upper West Region, widows are required to undergo certain indigenous rites to mourn or show devotion for the deceased spouse. The most prevalent widowhood rites included a one-year period of mourning, tying ropes and padlocks around the widow’s waist, forced sitting by the deceased spouse until burial, solitary confinement, forced starvation, shaving the widow’s hair, and smearing clay on the widow’s body. If a widow engages in work or economic activity after the spouse’s death, she may be regarded as adulterous, considered the cause of the spouse’s death, or declared a witch. In these instances the widow may be forced to undergo purification rites ...more
Feb. 9, 2017, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"While many African countries such as Burkina Faso, Cameroon and Ghana have laws to protect widows' rights, these are often trumped in rural areas by customary laws, campaigners say" (para 25).
Feb. 9, 2017, 3:40 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"In Sierra Leone, women were encouraged [after their husbands' deaths] to wash stones instead of corpses during the Ebola outbreak to avoid spreading the virus" (para 28).
Feb. 9, 2017, 3:40 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Rather than having sex with a relative of her late husband, many widows in Zimbabwe offer a bowl of water if they want to stay with the family" (para 27).
Feb. 9, 2017, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"When Clarisse's husband died of malaria last year in the Cameroonian city of Douala, she was kicked out of their home by his family and forced to marry his brother. After having sex with her new husband, the 34-year-old discovered she had syphilis, a sexually transmitted disease that can lead to blindness and stroke if untreated. 'He accused me of infidelity. He called a meeting of our families and told them I was a prostitute,' she said tearfully, fiddling with the gold wedding ring from her first marriage. 'Everyone accused me of being a witch and said it was me who had killed my husband ... my stepmother threatened to ...more
Feb. 1, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2, IW-PRACTICE-1

"Aniva is by all accounts the pre-eminent 'hyena' in this village. It's a traditional title given to a man hired by communities in several remote parts of southern Malawi to provide what's called sexual 'cleansing'. If a man dies, for example, his wife is required by tradition to sleep with Aniva before she can bury him. If a woman has an abortion, again sexual cleansing is required" (para 3). "In Malawi's central Dedza district, hyenas are only ever used to initiate widows or infertile women" (para 22).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:38 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Both Basu's mother and grandmother had been married and widowed young; in her native India, that meant they could wear only white and were forced to atone for the rest of their lives. 'Widows are regarded as bad omens — as witches, as 'man-eaters.' They bring bad luck. They are paying for sins committed in a past life. The Hindu scripture, the Vedas, is clear on this point,' Basu told Refinery29... It was only after becoming a photojournalist and traveling to Nepal that Basu would meet other widows resigned to the same fate. But these widows were children" (para 2-6). "'[Child widows] are the legacy of child marriage, something we ...more
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:12 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Self-immolation, sati, on a husband's pyre may have been banned in India, but life for many widows in India is still disheartening as they are shunned by their communities and abandoned by their families…. ‘A woman should die before her husband's death so that she doesn't have to live through hell like this,' Gosh says. The women often live in acute poverty and are ostracised by society due to various superstitions - even the shadow of a widow can wreak havoc and bring bad luck, people believe. Lack of education and any source of income forces them to beg on streets and many turn to prostitution for survival… Thousands of ...more
Jan. 18, 2017, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"The practices varied from area to area but generally entailed families forcing new widows to remove all hair using a razor blade, spend the night sleeping on the floor, and forgo bathing and other hygiene practices for extended periods of time. Widows were also sometimes forcibly married to one of the deceased husband’s relatives" (31).
Jan. 10, 2017, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes with concern the lack of data on widows and their living conditions and on the situation of former women combatants in the State party. It is also concerned at restrictions on widows’ right to inheritance and that in practice their and their children’s possessions are taken by the family of the deceased husband. The Committee is further concerned that the compensation of war widows and women victims of conflict-related sexual violence continues to be delayed for lack of funds" (12)
Dec. 29, 2016, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Elderly women without support, living primarily in rural areas and often widowed, sometimes were accused of witchcraft by their neighbors and banned from their villages. Villagers accused such women of 'eating' the soul of a relative or a child who had died" (18-19).
Nov. 18, 2016, 5 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"The men could do this [working in the field] but normally they don’t. This is reserved for the women. If they get attacked in the field and are afraid to come here anymore that means total poverty. The women who come to the fields, they are the mothers of the house. They are the widows, the wives, the mothers of the children. The fields are where the hope of the family is. That is serious." This was said at 7:05 of the video (ENB-Coder Comment)
Nov. 16, 2016, 1:51 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Widows in India, above, contend with tremendous discrimination by society and by their own families. They also get forced into certain dress codes if they are Hindu, like being banned from wearing bright clothes...BENGALURU — In a traditional patriarchal society, where the identity and value of a woman is determined through her husband, widowhood is about much more than losing a husband. In India, from changing how she dresses to being treated with contempt by family members, especially by her in-laws, there is a lot that a widow must bear, often without complaining. The trauma doesn’t end there. The widow becomes a social pariah who is barred from participating in ...more
Sept. 14, 2016, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

“Table 16.19 shows the percent distribution of widowed women who had ever experienced any form of violence from their late husband’s relatives according to whether they were blamed for his death, they were physically or verbally abused, they were maltreated, their children were maltreated, or the husband’s relatives demanded that they carry out cultural practices to prove themselves innocent of his death. Overall, 15 percent of women reported that they had been maltreated by their husband’s relatives. Twelve percent of women reported that they experienced physical or verbal abuse, and 11 percent reported that their children had been maltreated by the late husband’s relatives” (328). “Maltreatment of women and maltreatment ...more
Sept. 14, 2016, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

“A common occurrence among widows in Namibia is the dispossession of property by her husband’s relatives” (255). “Widows in poorest households are twice as likely to be dispossessed as those in wealthier households” (255). “Only 3 percent of women reported having ever been widowed. Among those women, 40 percent said that they did not receive any of their husband’s assets” (255).
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:53 a.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

“A common occurrence among widows in Namibia is the dispossession of property by her husband’s relatives” (255). “Widows in poorest households are twice as likely to be dispossessed as those in wealthier households” (255). “Only 3 percent of women reported having ever been widowed. Among those women, 40 percent said that they did not receive any of their husband’s assets” (255).
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:52 a.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

“A common occurrence among widows in Namibia is the dispossession of property by her husband’s relatives” (255). “Widows in poorest households are twice as likely to be dispossessed as those in wealthier households” (255). “Only 3 percent of women reported having ever been widowed. Among those women, 40 percent said that they did not receive any of their husband’s assets” (255).
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:46 a.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2, IAW-PRACTICE-1

“Property grabbing, a practice where relatives of the deceased come and claim the land and other property, is a serious problem for widows and child-headed households” (271). “Over half of everwidowed women said that they had been dispossessed of their property. This proportion is highest among the women with no education and decreases with increasing level of education. A similar relationship is observed with the wealth status: the higher the wealth quintile the less likely women are to have been dispossessed of property” (271).
Aug. 23, 2016, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"The number of widows has increased as a consequence of the war, sickness and accidents. Widows often do not have enough money to sustain their family needs, including food, clothing, shelter and education for their children. Some widows rely on outside employment, particularly sex commercial and prostitution in order, to earn income" (14-15).
Aug. 18, 2016, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Umm Khattab's [A British woman living in Syria] description of her husband's death is almost matter-of-fact. She writes that on October 28, another woman, who is also with IS, came to visit her and told her that her husband had been killed in IS's offensive against Kurdish forces in the northern Syrian town of Kobani.'[A] sister came to me and asked if my husband was Abu Khattab Al Swedi ['The Swede'] I said yea and she said mabrook ['congratulations'] his [sic] shaheed ['a martyr'], I didn't know how to react cause I didn't believe it so I laughed,' Umm Khattab recalled in a blog post on November 22. Umm Khatab ...more
Aug. 18, 2016, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Umm Khattab's description of her husband's death is almost matter-of-fact. She writes that on October 28, another woman, who is also with IS, came to visit her and told her that her husband had been killed in IS's offensive against Kurdish forces in the northern Syrian town of Kobani.'[A] sister came to me and asked if my husband was Abu Khattab Al Swedi ['The Swede'] I said yea and she said mabrook ['congratulations'] his [sic] shaheed ['a martyr'], I didn't know how to react cause I didn't believe it so I laughed,' Umm Khattab recalled in a blog post on November 22. Umm Khatab says she felt 'very happy for ...more