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Latest items for Afghanistan

Nov. 18, 2022, 8:15 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LO-LAW-1

According to the "Women, Business, and the Law" database (2022), the law does not prohibit discrimination in access to credit based on gender. The WBL database cites the following as the source: no source provided. According to the "Women, Business, and the Law" database (2022), a woman can sign a contract in the same way as a man. The WBL database cites the following as the source: Civil Code of the Republic of Afghanistan, Art. 39. According to the "Women, Business, and the Law" database (2022), a woman can register a business in the same way as a man. The WBL database cites the following as the source: Comercial Law,...more
Nov. 18, 2022, 8:15 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

According to the "Women, Business, and the Law" database (2022), sons and daughters do not have equal rights to inherit assets from their parents. The WBL database cites the following as the source: Civil Code of the Republic of Afghanistan, Arts. 2008 and 2019.
Nov. 18, 2022, 8:15 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

According to the "Women, Business, and the Law" database (2022), the law does not provide for the valuation of nonmonetary contributions. The WBL database cites the following as the source: no source provided.
Nov. 18, 2022, 8:15 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

According to the "Women, Business, and the Law" database (2022), female and male surviving spouses do not have equal rights to inherit assets. The WBL database cites the following as the source: Civil Code of the Republic of Afghanistan, Art. 2007.
Aug. 18, 2022, 10:34 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"Some claimed they had been tasered and beaten, while others told how they were being pressurised to marry members of the Taliban in exchange for their freedom. The footage, filmed by British Iranian journalist Ramita Navai for an ITV documentary, revealed dozens of women huddling in courtyards and more than 50 others locked up in nearby cells." (4,5)
Aug. 18, 2022, 10:34 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"Afghan women are being jailed by the Taliban for ‘immoral behaviour’ – including travelling in a taxi without a male relative or appearing in photographs with male classmates. Scores have been imprisoned without being charged or tried in court in a shocking breach of the promises made to the outside world. Footage taken by an undercover camera crew inside Herat’s central jail found all the women interviewed had been incarcerated for minor infringements of strict Islamic law." (1,2,3) "The documentary, Afghanistan: No Country For Women, also uncovered stories of Taliban fighters abducting young girls off the street and forcing them into marriage." (7)
Aug. 18, 2022, 10:34 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"The film crew found some women had committed suicide by setting themselves on fire or drinking bleach to escape domestic violence after the Taliban, which swept back into power in September last year, closed refuges and charities." (9)
Aug. 18, 2022, 10:34 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-2

"The Taliban has ordered all Afghan women to wear the head-to-toe burka in public. The move evokes similar restrictions imposed during the religious group’s previous hardline rule between 1996 and 2001. The decree states that if a woman does not cover her face, her father or closest male relative could be visited by officials, imprisoned or even fired from government jobs. It says that the ideal face covering is the blue burka, which shows only the eyes through a mesh." (19-22) "The ministry’s Shir Mohammad added: ‘For all dignified Afghan women, wearing hajib is necessary and the best hajib is chadori [the head-to-toe burka] which is part of our tradition...more
Aug. 18, 2022, 10:34 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Footage taken by an undercover camera crew inside Herat’s central jail found all the women interviewed had been incarcerated for minor infringements of strict Islamic law." (3) "Maryam said her friends had been arrested for taking a taxi without a male relative. When she went to the police to help she was arrested." (15) "Women should also stay at home if there is no important work to do outside, it adds. Khalid Hanafi, acting minister for the Ministry for the Propagation of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice, which replaced the previous women’s ministry, said: ‘We want our sisters to live with dignity and safety." (23)
Aug. 18, 2022, 10:34 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"The Taliban has ordered all Afghan women to wear the head-to-toe burka in public." (19)
Aug. 18, 2022, 10:34 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Many Afghans have also been outraged at the decision by some younger Taliban to educate their daughters in Pakistan to get around the school closures. Experts say the Taliban fears that enrolling girls over 11 years in schools could alienate its rural base." (33,34)
March 19, 2022, 9:01 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CUST-LAW-1

"Roqia and her son spent a cold winter in a women’s shelter in Kabul. 'When I realised I couldn’t feed my child for days on end, I decided to hand him over to my husband’s family,' she says. In most divorces in Afghanistan, the custody of children over five is given to the father"(para 7).
March 19, 2022, 9:01 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Despite being shunned by their conservative community for not having a male guardian, the enterprising sisters supported themselves financially by sewing at home. Their work helped them secure a contract with the Parwan prosecutor’s office, making uniforms for the prisoners. Earning 6,000 afghanis a month (£55), they were able to survive in a small, dilapidated house"(para 17). This suggests that women are not free to work outside if they do not have male guardians (ST- CODER COMMENT).
March 19, 2022, 9:01 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"Roqia and her son spent a cold winter in a women’s shelter in Kabul. 'When I realised I couldn’t feed my child for days on end, I decided to hand him over to my husband’s family,' she says. In most divorces in Afghanistan, the custody of children over five is given to the father"(para 7). This suggests that there is no proper division of assets or money and women face crisis after a divorce (ST CODER COMMENT).
March 19, 2022, 9:01 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"In this deeply conservative and patriarchal society, women who defy convention and seek divorce are often disowned by their families and shunned by Afghan society. Left alone, they have to fight for basic rights, such as renting an apartment, which require the involvement or guarantees of male relatives"(para 2).
March 19, 2022, 9:01 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Most terrifying, however, is the practice of forced marriages of young girls and widows to Taliban fighters. 'We are very worried about the forced marriages by the Taliban. If they come for us like this, then we will end our lives. It will be the only option for us,' says Tahira" (para 13).
March 19, 2022, 9:01 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-3

"There’s an old saying in Afghanistan that encapsulates the country’s views on divorce: 'A woman only leaves her father’s house in the white bridal clothes, and she can only return in the white shrouds'" (para 1). "In this deeply conservative and patriarchal society, women who defy convention and seek divorce are often disowned by their families and shunned by Afghan society. Left alone, they have to fight for basic rights, such as renting an apartment, which require the involvement or guarantees of male relatives"(para 2). "Men and women in Roqia’s life distanced themselves from her. 'My mother and other relatives rejected me, saying that I had not heeded their advice...more
March 19, 2022, 9:01 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

“'[I]f the Taliban take over Kabul, they will not allow us to live the independent lives we live today. We will not even be able to leave our homes because we don’t have mahrams [male guardians],' says Roqia" (para 10). "[L]iving in an area where local beliefs dictate that people should not have a relationship with a family if there is no man in the house, they have been abandoned. 'Our neighbours have cut off all ties. We are alone,' she adds, sadly"(para 16).
March 19, 2022, 9:01 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1

"Their fears are grounded in the horrors unfolding across the country. In many districts captured by the Taliban, new rules have already been imposed, including restrictions on women’s movement. Women are not allowed to leave the house unless in the company of a male guardian and fully covered in the traditional burqa" (para 11).
Jan. 26, 2022, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Burma/Myanmar, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Nepal, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Syria, Yemen
Variables: IIP-SCALE-1

4.0
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-4

"In order to ensure the safety of policewomen, in 1395 (2016) MoI developed a guide on prevention of sexual harassment, with one of its main objectives to ensure the implementation of the Anti-Harassment Law" (1).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"[I]n order to ensure safety of women in the workplaces, committees for prevention of harassment are established in most of the government institutions where female victims can register their harassment complaints to be addressed by these committees" (1). "The Anti-Sexual Harassment Committees of the Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Higher Education, Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs and Ministry of Women’s Affairs have not received any complaints of sexual harassment since the enactment of the Law on Prevention of Sexual Harassment in 2016" (2). "We are informed that victims of sexual harassment who had initiated complaints to the Committee have had their complaints minimised, with one victim saying that the...more
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Anti-Sexual Harassment Committees of the Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Higher Education, Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs and Ministry of Women’s Affairs have not received any complaints of sexual harassment since the enactment of the Law on Prevention of Sexual Harassment in 2016" (2). "We are informed that victims of sexual harassment who had initiated complaints to the Committee have had their complaints minimised, with one victim saying that the Committees are 'male-dominated', 'they take the sides of men who harass them' and 'blame women for their dressing'" (2). "The law provided that a committee should be represented by one woman. In practice, committees could be composed of...more
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Perpetrators of attacks against women are prosecuted in accordance with the law" (4). "The mode of prosecution in all high-profile cases is to prosecute the lower-ranking suspects to appease the public and most, if not all the higher-ranking suspects who are the brain and the engine behind the crimes walk away" (5).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: GP-DATA-5

"The GoIRA has taken practical measures to enhance women’s accessibility to formal justice system such as: (…) The judicial institutions where women who are victims of violence can seek justice consist of EVAW attorneys in 34 provinces as well as special EVAW courts in Kabul and 15 provinces. Women can seek justice in criminal courts if no special EVAW court exists in the province" (4). "[T]he AGO has established the Deputy Office for EVAW, juvenile delinquency, supporting human rights, primary, appeal, and high investigations attorney directorates in the capital and the provinces, and social interrogators’ departments for EVAW. Women victims can also register their cases and access to justice in...more
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Under Article 636 of the Penal Code on rape does not define rape as a lack of consent, but a presence of force, threat or intimidation. Sexual harassment is not defined under the Penal Code [it is referred to under the chapter on bacha bazi (‘playing with boys’)]. It is a crime under Article 30 of EVAW Law and has been defined under the Anti-Sexual Harassment law" (5).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"GoIRA has taken various measures to ensure safety of women in the workplaces, such as enforcement of the Law on Prevention of Sexual Harassment in 2016, the Penal Code with specific provisions preventing harassment of women, ensuring human security, physical safety, and psychological safety of women, as well as the draft on Prevention of Discrimination is also prepared. Additionally, in order to ensure safety of women in the workplaces, committees for prevention of harassment are established in most of the government institutions where female victims can register their harassment complaints to be addressed by these committees" (1).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-3

"The Criminal Procedure Code been ratified in 2014. Discriminatory human rights violating elements have been taken out and new provisions regarding protection of women’s rights were included. The criminal procedures law enriches specific provisions on the victim’s rights and protection of evidence" (6). "Chapters 5 and 7 of the Criminal Procedure Code provides witness protection measures which range from physical to psychological protection" (6). "Witnesses may approach the prosecution and the court to apply for protective measures before and during trial (Article 55(1) of the CPC). They do so by submitting their application to the prosecution and court in a sealed envelope, which the prosecution and court shall both review...more
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Most victims and witnesses at the early reporting stage have not assessed their protection needs. Some are not equipped to make the assessment without assistance. Others may not be facing a risk at the time of report, but at a later stage in the proceedings. The key issue with protection provisions under the CPC is that the onus is on the victim/witness to request for protection" (6).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"GoIRA has taken various measures to ensure safety of women in the workplaces, such as enforcement of the Law on Prevention of Sexual Harassment in 2016, the Penal Code with specific provisions preventing harassment of women, ensuring human security, physical safety, and psychological safety of women, as well as the draft on Prevention of Discrimination is also prepared" (1). "The Ministry of Women’s Affairs reviewed the law but no amendments were made. Essentially, the law failed to preempt, prevent and address gender-discriminatory practices which are endemic to sexual harassment cases in Afghanistan" (2).