The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Australia

Nov. 18, 2022, 8:31 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

According to the "Women, Business, and the Law" database (2022), female and male surviving spouses have equal rights to inherit assets. The WBL database cites the following as the source: Succession Act 2006, Arts. 110 and 111.
Nov. 18, 2022, 8:31 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LO-LAW-1

According to the "Women, Business, and the Law" database (2022), the law prohibits discrimination in access to credit based on gender. The WBL database cites the following as the source: Sex Discrimination Act 1984, Art. 22; Anti-Discrimination Act 1977, Sec. 33. According to the "Women, Business, and the Law" database (2022), a woman can sign a contract in the same way as a man. The WBL database cites the following as the source: Married Persons (Equality of Status) Act 1996, Art. 4. According to the "Women, Business, and the Law" database (2022), a woman can register a business in the same way as a man. The WBL database cites the...more
Nov. 18, 2022, 8:31 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

According to the "Women, Business, and the Law" database (2022), sons and daughters have equal rights to inherit assets from their parents. The WBL database cites the following as the source: Succession Act 2006, Art. 127(1) and (3).
Nov. 18, 2022, 8:31 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

According to the "Women, Business, and the Law" database (2022), the law provides for the valuation of nonmonetary contributions. The WBL database cites the following as the source: Family Law Act 1975, Art. 79(4).
July 8, 2022, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Sex workers are free to operate on Victoria's streets, as new laws kick in with a view to making those in the industry safer. The rules came into effect on Tuesday, making street-based sex work legal except for in a small number of circumstances. The government said workers would feel more confident reporting crimes against them and accessing support because of the change" (Para. 1-3). "The change falls under the Sex Work Decriminalisation Act 2021. Under the reforms, people and organisations are also prohibited from discriminating against or refusing someone service on the basis they are a sex worker. The legislation makes it an offence for sex work to be...more
July 8, 2022, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Consumer Affairs Minister Melissa Horne said the shift was 'an important milestone for sex work decriminalisation in Victoria'" (Para. 4). "Workplace Safety Minister Ingrid Stitt said everyone deserved to feel safe at work. 'With a dedicated Sex Work Safety Team within WorkSafe, we'll make sure sex work is regulated appropriately, with the best guidance and procedures in place to keep workers safe,' she said" (Para. 5-6). "Reason Party leader Fiona Patten, a longtime advocate for sex workers who was a key proponent in the changes happening, said she was pleased to see the laws come into force. She said she did not expect street-based sex work to grow in the...more
Jan. 26, 2022, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Latvia, Lesotho, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela
Variables: IIP-SCALE-1

1.0
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law prohibits violence against women, including domestic abuse" (11).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion or involuntary sterilization" (12).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"Police received training in responding to domestic violence. Federal, state, and territorial governments collaborated on the National Plan to Reduce Violence against Women and their Children 2010-22, the first effort to coordinate action at all levels of government to reduce violence against women" (12).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"Voters elected the first indigenous woman to the House of Representatives in 2016 and the first ChineseAustralian woman to the House of Representatives in the May elections" (10).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law requires organizations with 100 or more employees to establish a workplace program to remove barriers to women entering and advancing in their organization" (20).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape" (11). "The legal age for consensual sex ranges from ages 16 to 18 by state... Defenses include reasonable grounds for believing the alleged victim was older than the legal age of consent and situations in which the two persons are close in age" (13).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process" (9).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men, including under laws related to... property" (12).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

"The law prohibits citizens and residents from engaging in, facilitating, or benefiting from sexual activity with children overseas who are younger than age 16 and provides for a maximum sentence of 17 years’ imprisonment for violations. The government continued its awareness campaign to deter child sex tourism through distribution of pamphlets to citizens and residents traveling overseas" (13).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (9).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"In August the Court of Appeal of the Supreme Court of Victoria upheld [Roman Catholic Cardinal George] Pell’s December 2018 conviction on five counts of child sexual abuse of two boys in the 1990" (13).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"According to a 2016 survey, women were nearly three times more likely to have experienced partner violence than men, with approximately one in six women (17 percent) and one in 16 men (6 percent) having experienced partner violence since the age of 15" (11). "[I]ndigenous peoples and communities continued to have... high incidences of domestic and family violence" (15-16).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"The government effectively enforced applicable labor laws and convicted four defendants in one case involving forced labor" (18).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law effectively" (11).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

Two persons younger than age 18 may not marry each other; reports of marriages involving a person younger than age 18 were rare. The government reported an increase in the number of forced marriage investigations, but the practice remained rare" (13).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape" (11).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"All states and territories criminalize the possession, production, and distribution of child pornography. Maximum penalties for these offenses range from four to 21 years’ imprisonment. Federal laws criminalize using a 'carriage service' (for example, the internet) for the purpose of possessing, producing, and supplying child pornography. The maximum penalty for these offenses is 10 years’ imprisonment, a fine of A$275,000 ($186,000), or both" (14). "As noted by the International Labor Organization, the use, procuring or offering of a child age 16 and 17 for the production of pornography or pornographic performances is not prohibited in New South Wales. In Queensland it remains unclear whether children ages 16 and 17 can...more
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"In one case, in April a court convicted a couple of bringing a Fijian woman to the country, withholding her passport, and forcing her to work as a maid in their Brisbane home between 2008 and 2016" (18-19). "There were reports some domestic workers employed by foreign diplomats faced conditions indicative of forced labor" (19).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage is 18 for both boys and girls. Persons age 16 to 18 may apply to a judge or magistrate for an order authorizing marriage to a person who has attained 18 years; the marriage of the minor also requires parental or guardian consent. Two persons younger than age 18 may not marry each other" (13).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"The law provides a maximum penalty of 25 years’ imprisonment for commercial sexual exploitation of children and was effectively enforced" (13).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits violence against women, including domestic abuse, and the government enforced the law" (11). "State and territorial child protection agencies investigate and initiate prosecutions of persons for child neglect or abuse. All states and territories have laws or guidelines that require members of certain designated professions to report suspected child abuse or neglect. The federal government’s role in the prevention o child abuse includes funding for research, carrying out education campaigns, developing action plans against commercial exploitation of children, and funding community-based parenting programs" (12). "In 2017 the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse released its final recommendations on what institutions and governments should do...more
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children are citizens if at least one parent is a citizen or permanent resident at the time of the child’s birth" (12).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The laws of individual states and territories provide the penalties for domestic violence. In the largest jurisdiction, New South Wales, domestic violence offenses cover acts of personal violence (such as stalking, intimidation, or strangulation) committed against a person with whom the offender has (or had) a domestic relationship. For domestic violence offenses, courts must impose a full-time prison sentence unless a valid exception applies. In the case of strangulation, an offense associated with domestic violence, the maximum penalty is five years’ imprisonment" (11).