The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Bangladesh

Sept. 16, 2022, 6:11 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"It is also possible for either party to apply for a decree of judicial separation on the grounds of adultery, or cruelty or desertion upwards of two years. Furthermore, where the court pronounces a decree of dissolution of marriage or judicial separation for adultery of the wife, it has the power to make settlements of the wife’s property as it sees fit for the benefit of the husband or the children of the marriage" (para 20).
Sept. 16, 2022, 6:11 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"...Muslim women are perpetually being deprived of an equal share of their inheritance, with daughters receiving only half the share of their male counterparts" (para 6).
Sept. 16, 2022, 6:11 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"Bangladesh law dictates that property inheritance amongst Muslims must be in accordance with Muslim Sharia law. Normally, the daughter will inherit half of what a son will inherit, ie the share of a son is double that of a daughter. If there are no sons, the daughter will inherit only half, and no more than 2/3 collectively if there is more than one daughter" (para 27). "Women’s property inheritance rights under Hindu law as practiced in Bangladesh are even more limited. Hindu daughters ordinarily do not inherit a share of their father’s property if there is a son. If there is no son, a daughter’s right to inherit depends upon...more
Sept. 16, 2022, 6:11 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Bangladesh law dictates that property inheritance amongst Muslims must be in accordance with Muslim Sharia law...A widowed wife will inherit one-quarter of her deceased husband’s property if she has no children. If there are children, she will inherit one eighth of his property. If there is more than one wife, they will still only collectively inherit one-eighth of the property. Meaning, if there is one wife, her share will be one-eighth. If there are two wives, they each inherit one-sixteenth. If there are three wives then they each inherit one-third of one-eighth and so on. A widowed husband with children, on the other hand will inherit a quarter of his...more
Sept. 16, 2022, 6:11 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"...Muslim women are perpetually being deprived of an equal share of their inheritance, with daughters receiving only half the share of their male counterparts" (para 6). "Women’s property inheritance rights under Hindu law as practiced in Bangladesh are even more limited. Hindu daughters ordinarily do not inherit a share of their father’s property if there is a son. If there is no son, a daughter’s right to inherit depends upon her having a son or being capable of giving birth to a son" (para 31).
Sept. 16, 2022, 6:11 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"Bangladesh law dictates that property inheritance amongst Muslims must be in accordance with Muslim Sharia law. Normally, the daughter will inherit half of what a son will inherit, ie the share of a son is double that of a daughter. If there are no sons, the daughter will inherit only half, and no more than 2/3 collectively if there is more than one daughter. A widowed wife will inherit one-quarter of her deceased husband’s property if she has no children. If there are children, she will inherit one eighth of his property. If there is more than one wife, they will still only collectively inherit one-eighth of the property. Meaning,...more
Sept. 16, 2022, 4:06 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Both the Christian family law as well as the Muslim family law provide for inheritance by women and girls, but the Hindu family law does not. However, there are attempts being made to advocate with the Hindu community to accept this provision. The Islamic Foundation is promoting awareness of legal rights in Islam to inheritance. While this would not ensure equal right to inheritance it would ensure greater equity and justice. Also, with the passage of time this is being interpreted liberally at the family level as being 'at least half of the share' and in some families the parents are choosing to give their daughters equal shares or more....more
Sept. 15, 2022, 9:43 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"[I]n Bangladesh, Muslim women generally inherit less than men, whereas as per Hindu law, not all daughters of a man are equally eligible to inherit, and the 1925 Succession Act allows Christians to benefit from equal inheritance rights for men and women" (para 3).
Sept. 15, 2022, 9:07 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Women do not enjoy the same legal status and rights as men in family, property, and inheritance law. According to traditional Islamic inheritance law, daughters inherit half of what sons do. According to Hindu inheritance law, a widow’s rights to her deceased husband’s property are limited to her lifetime and revert to the male heirs upon her death. In September 2020 the High Court ruled that Hindu widows in the country were entitled to all properties of their deceased husbands, including agricultural property. Previously Hindu women were entitled only to their husband’s homestead properties" (48).
Sept. 9, 2022, 10:51 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"In conclusion the discrimination women have historically faced in the religious family laws are gradually being addressed and a few areas remain such as equal inheritance rights for Muslim women, inheritance rights for the Hindu community making of the Hindu Marriage registration compulsory" (9).
Sept. 9, 2022, 10:45 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The Committee also noted that the personal status laws of the country that regulate marriage, divorce, inheritance, guardianship and custodial rights within various religious groups continue to discriminate women and girls and there is no uniform family code" (7).
Aug. 26, 2022, 4:50 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"At present in Bangladesh, married women can't claim share over marital property, to which they have contributed during the marriage and at the course of their marriage. After divorce, women have to leave the house where they live in their marital life" (para 2).
June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CIWM-PRACTICE-1, CIWM-DATA-1

"The proportion of ever- married women who are undernourished (a body mass index [BMI] below 18.5) has decreased since 2007, from 30% to 12%. On the other hand, the proportion of women who are overweight or obese (a BMI of 25.0 or above) has increased from 12% to 32%" (177). "6% of women have a normal BMI, while 12% are thin and 32% are overweight or obese. The mean BMI among women is 23.3. Fourteen percent of women are of short stature" (185). "The proportion of women who are thin decreased from 52% in 1996-97 to 30% in 2007 and 12% in 2017-18. On the other hand, the proportion of...more
June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Three-fourths of women dropped out of school after marriage. Similarly, 43% of women did not continue to work after marriage" (41). " Studying and working outside the home after marriage are important for women’s autonomy. The 2017-18 BDHS results showed that 75% of women dropped out of school after marriage, while only 3% continued their education for 5 years or more" (44). "Women with a secondary education or higher (43%) are less likely than women in the other education categories (90% or above) to discontinue education after marriage. The percentage of women who reported discontinuing education after marriage is highest among those in the lowest wealth quintile (89%) and lowest...more
June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"20% of women agree that wife beating is justified for at least one of five specified reasons (she burns food, argues with her him, goes out without telling him, neglects children, and refuses sex with him) a decline from 28% in 2014" (199).
June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"Seventy-nine percent of births in the 5 years preceding the survey were wanted at the time of conception; 13% were mistimed, and 8% were unwanted. There is an increasing trend in Bangladesh towards pregnancy planning. Planned births increased steadily from 70% in 2004 to 71% in 2007, 72% in 2011, 74% in 2014, and 79% in 2017- 18. The percentage of unwanted births increases with birth order, from less than 1% among first- order births to 39% among fourth- or higher- order births. Similarly, the proportion of unwanted births increases with mother’s age, from 1% among women age 15-19 to 34% among women age 35-39. The percentage of mistimed births...more
June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"25% of children under age 5 have had their birth registered, and 20% have a birth certificate. The percentage of children whose births were registered declined from 31% in 2011 to 20% in 2014 before increasing to 25% in 2017-18" (9). "Twenty-five percent of children under age 5 have had their birth registered, and 20% have a birth certificate...The percentage of children whose births were registered declined from 31% in 2011 to 20% in 2014 before increasing to 25% in 2017-18...The percentage of de jure children whose births are registered with the civil authorities ranges from a low of 17% in Rajshahi to a high of 34% in Sylhet...Children in...more
June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: SAB-DATA-2

"65% of infants under age 6 months are exclusively breastfed, an increase since 2014 (55%)" (177). "Sixty-five percent of children under age 6 months are exclusively breastfed. Exclusive breastfeeding declines with age, from 85% among children age 0-1 months to 66% among those age 2- 3 months and 40% among those age 4-5 months. Ten percent of children age 0-5 months are breastfeeding and consuming water only, 13% are consuming other milk in addition to breast milk, 3% are consuming non-milk liquids and breast milk, and 8% are consuming complementary foods and breast milk. Ninety-six percent of children are breastfeeding at 1 year, and 88% are breastfeeding at 2 years"...more
June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"84% of adults age 18 and older have a national identification card (NID)" (9). "All Bangladeshi citizens age 18 and older are issued a national identity card (NID). In the 2017-18 BDHS, respondents were asked whether they had the NID card. More than four-fifths of household members age 18 and older (85% of men and 82% of women) reported having the card (Table 2.16). Eighty-six percent of men and 83% of women in rural areas had an NID card, as compared with 84% of men and 80% of women in urban areas. Respondents age 18-19 (10%) were less likely to have an NID card than those in the older age...more
June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-DATA-2

"17% of currently married women report that their husbands live elsewhere" (41).
June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The proportion of women age 15-49 who are currently employed has increased over time, from 13% in 2011 to 33% in 2014 and 48% in 2017-18. Older women are generally more likely to be employed than younger women. Twenty-four percent of women age 15-19 are currently employed, as compared with 58% of women age 40-44. Divorced, separated, or widowed women are more likely to be employed than currently married women (60% versus 47%). The percentage of women who are employed increases as the number of living children increases. Twenty-nine percent of women without any living children are currently employed, compared with 59% of women with five or more living children....more
June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IM-DATA-2

"Boys are more likely than girls to die in the first month of their lives. The neonatal mortality rate is 34 deaths per 1,000 live births among male infants and 26 deaths per 1,000 live births among female infants. Similarly, infant and under-5 mortality rates are higher among male than female children (by 7 deaths per 1,000 live births)" (111).
June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"Marriage occurs early for women in Bangladesh. Seventy-one percent of women age 20-49 were married by age 18, and 85% were married by age 20. Nearly one-third (31%) of women age 20-49 reported that they had married by age 15. Among women age 20-24, 59% were married before age 18. There has been a slow but steady increase over time in the median age at first marriage among women age 20-49, from 14.4 years in 1993-94 to 15.3 years in 2007 and 16.3 years in 2017-18. The proportion of women age 20-24 who were married by age 18 declined from 73% in 1993-94 to 65% in 2011 and 59% in...more
June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"About one-third (32%) of currently married women with cash earnings decide independently on how their earnings will be used, while 60% decide jointly with their husband" (199). "Overall, 59% of currently married women participate in all three specified household decisions (regarding their own health care, household purchases, and visits to family or relatives), whereas 12% are not involved in any of these decisions" (199). "The proportion of women who decide on the use of their earnings jointly with their husband increases from 50% among those age 15-19 to 62% among those age 40-44 before declining after age 44. Women age 15-19 were most likely to report that their husband mainly...more
June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

" 21% of females and 18% of males have no education. These percentages represent an improvement since 2014 (27% and 23%, respectively)" (9). "Net attendance ratios (NARs) are 86% for primary school and 55% for secondary school" (9). "In Bangladesh, 21% of females and 18% of males age 6 and above have no education. Thirty-one percent of females have some secondary education, while 13% have a secondary education or higher. Similarly, 26% of males have some secondary education, and 18% have completed schooling at a secondary or higher level. There is a slight difference by sex in the median number of years of education completed (4.1 years among women versus...more
June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: BR-DATA-1

"The fertility rate has declined over time, from 6.3 children per woman in 1975 to 2.3 in 2017-18. Of the eight divisions in Bangladesh, three (Khulna, Rajshahi, and Rangpur) have achieved a replacement- level fertility rate (2.1 or fewer children per woman)" (xix). "Total fertility rate: The total fertility rate (TFR) for 3 years preceding the survey (2015-17) is 2.3 children per woman, also shown by the 2019 MICS survey of BBS. The TFR has not changed since 2011. The objective of the 4th Health, Population and Nutrition Sector Program (HPNSP) is to reduce TFR of 2.0 by 2022. Three divisions, Khulna, Rajshahi, and Rangpur, have achieved a replacement-level fertility...more
June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The percentage of the population with limited sanitation service is higher in urban (26%) than in rural (16%) areas" (11). "Differences in the wealth distribution are more skewed in urban than rural areas; in rural areas, 50% of the population falls in the two lowest wealth quintiles. Twenty-five percent of the rural population is in the lowest quintile, compared with 8% of the urban population" (12). "Urban populations are more likely to have soap than rural populations (58% versus 33%)" (13). "Urban women and men (16% and 21%, respectively) are more likely than rural women and men (8% and 12%, respectively) to have more than a secondary education; Similarly, rural...more
June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: WAM-DATA-2

"Almost all households (94%) have a mobile phone. Fifty-nine percent of residents age 13 and over own a mobile phone (74% of male residents and 47% of female residents)" (9). " Seventy-four percent of male residents and 47% of female residents age 13 and older have a mobile phone" (12). "Television is the most accessed form of media, which increased from 47% in 2007 to 55%. Listening to the radio has decreased markedly since 2007, from 19% to 2%. Forty-four percent of ever-married women have no regular exposure to any mass media" (29). "Ever-married women age 15-49 were asked about their exposure to three types of mass media: television, radio,...more
June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ISSA-DATA-2

"The de facto population for the 2017-18 BDHS consisted of 84,084 individuals; 48% were male and 52% were female, yielding a sex ratio of 91 (number of males per 100 females)" (14).
June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"30% each of rural cluster residents use a baby taxi and an auto/easy bike to travel to the upazila headquarters. Overall, 19% of residents use a car, bus, or tempo. 60% of people in rural clusters travel to the district headquarters by car, bus, or tempo" (247). "Residents of rural sample clusters are most likely to use a baby taxi or an auto/easy bike (30% each) as their means of transport. Overall, 19% of residents use a car, bus, or tempo. In rural clusters of Dhaka, the most common means of transport to the upazila headquarters is an auto or easy bike (34%), followed by a car/bus/tempo (33%) and a...more