The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Bangladesh

Sept. 13, 2021, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Austria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, Comoros, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, France, Gabon, Hungary, Indonesia, Italy, Jordan, Macedonia, Montenegro, Morocco, Paraguay, Peru, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Sweden, Syria, Thailand, Turkey, Vanuatu
Variables: LRW-SCALE-12

3.0
Aug. 27, 2021, 3:13 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh, Iran, Jordan, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

“The interviews highlighted five cultural areas where being a woman and being a physicist aligned. These areas were religion, social interactions, community goals, femininity, and family life. In Muslim-majority countries, social interactions with the opposite gender are less common and less encouraged than in Western countries. The seven women were mostly educated in gender-segregated classes. As a result, they did not feel out of place in a physics setting because of their gender. The women also noted that when they did interact with men physicists, they did not feel that they had to supress their femininity to have their intellect—and not their appearance—be the focus of the interaction. They put...more
Aug. 27, 2021, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh, Iran, Jordan, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

“On family life, the interviews highlighted that the parents of all the study’s participants strongly valued learning and had high expectations of their daughters when it came to education, a factor that the women said influenced their study and career choices. The women also noted no incongruence between practicing religion and working in science, two actions that can be at odds in other cultures. In Muslim cultures, physics is seen as a subject that serves societal goals, such as advancing technology or saving humanity, which align with religious goals” (para 5).
Aug. 27, 2021, 3:03 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-1

"The interviews highlighted five cultural areas where being a woman and being a physicist aligned. These areas were religion, social interactions, community goals, femininity, and family life. In Muslim-majority countries, social interactions with the opposite gender are less common and less encouraged than in Western countries. The seven women were mostly educated in gender-segregated classes. As a result, they did not feel out of place in a physics setting because of their gender. The women also noted that when they did interact with men physicists, they did not feel that they had to supress their femininity to have their intellect—and not their appearance—be the focus of the interaction. They put...more
June 25, 2021, 9:12 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Indeed, when Bangladesh lowered the legal age of marriage from 18 to 16, ministers there were said to have directly pointed to our laws to justify their move" (para 7).
June 25, 2021, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"According to Ain O Salish Kendra, a Bangladeshi human rights organization, 975 women were raped in the first nine months of 2020, 43 women were killed after being raped and 204 women were attempted to be raped by men in Bangladesh" (para 1). "Looking at the gang rapes that happened in 2020 which sparked off a huge movement in Bangladesh in October, they were all committed by the student wing or the youth wing of the ruling party" (para 9). "Earlier in 2017, Naripokkho started the ‘Standing with Rohingya Women’ initiative, following the reports of grave sexual violence preceding the influx of over 700,000 Rohingya refugees who crossed the border...more
June 25, 2021, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Survivors of gang rape and sexual assault regularly face social and cultural stigma... most importantly, there is a fear of losing their 'honour' and bringing shame to their families when they are raped, and that makes it more difficult for women to testify or report crimes of sexual violence and assault" (para 7).
June 25, 2021, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"'Violence, male dominance and male aggression have existed for years, the tendency to glorify that these things didn’t happen in the past, and that it’s only happening now in our lifetime, is not true. Misogyny has been part of our culture, politics and society for centuries, especially across South Asia,' says Shireen" (para 3). "Countless women were subjected to sexual violence by members of the Pakistani army [In 1971]... Although the then newly formed independent Bangladeshi government within 6 days of victory conferred on them the title 'birangona', meaning warrior woman, in order to ensure that they were not subjected to the usual degradation and abuse that victims of sexual...more
June 25, 2021, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-1

"'Violence, male dominance and male aggression have existed for years, the tendency to glorify that these things didn’t happen in the past, and that it’s only happening now in our lifetime, is not true. Misogyny has been part of our culture, politics and society for centuries, especially across South Asia,' says Shireen" (para 3).
June 25, 2021, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

" In October 2020, Bangladeshi citizens took to the streets, outraged by the reports of gruesome gang rapes and sexual violence that were taking place in the country" (para 1). "In 2011... Naripokkho took up the cause of women who were subjected to grave sexual violence during the 1971 Bangladesh war. “The Forgotten Women of ‘71” is an initiative to both support Birangonas not yet recognized as eligible for state support and to launch a campaign for reparation and the restoration of their honour" (para 4). "Looking at the gang rapes that happened in 2020 which sparked off a huge movement in Bangladesh in October, they were all committed by...more
June 25, 2021, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"Many families refused to take back their daughters when they were rescued from Pakistan army bunkers. Villagers pointed fingers and children threw stones at them. One of our Birangona sisters said, 'because of what was done to me by Pakistani soldiers in 1971 you have robbed me of my life for the next 40 years,' says Shireen" (para 6).
June 18, 2021, 3:25 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"[T]here is no legislation specifically incriminating 'sexual harassment' in Bangladesh...[T]here are certain (albeit archaic) legislation which can arguably be used to penalise acts of a man sexually harassing a woman. Section 509 of the Penal Code 1860 criminalises acts, words and gestures intended to 'outrage the modesty of a woman' with a prison sentence that may extend to one year along with fines. Needless to say, the problematic wording of this colonial law invites sexist biases and unwarranted discussions about a woman’s 'modesty' which can end up victimising her rather than offering protection. Additionally, section 10 of the Nari-O-Shishu Nirjatan Daman Ain 2000 introduced an offence termed jounopiron (commonly translated...more
June 15, 2021, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Botswana, Brunei, Burundi, Comoros, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, D R Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Haiti, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Qatar, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: PW-SCALE-1

3.0
June 7, 2021, 2:29 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATC-DATA-3

"The Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh does not consider as binding upon itself the provisions of article 2, [... and ...] 16 (1) (c) as they conflict with Sharia law based on Holy Quran and Sunna" (para 7).
June 7, 2021, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATC-DATA-3

"The state party refuses to withdraw a reservation that affects the implementation of Article 2...Article 2 is the Article that expresses the core commitments of the state parties to the Convention" (171).
June 1, 2021, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"Bangladesh adopted its first National Action Plan (NAP) for the period 2019-2022. The NAP was developed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs through a participatory approach that included civil society organizations as well as divisional and district-level consultations with grassroots women’s organizations" (para 1).
May 27, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"Marriages and Divorces Registration Act, 1974) to ensure verification of birth certificate and/or national ID card during marriage registration so as to prevent early marriage. The draft Child Marriage Restrain Act 2013, has provision of punishment for the parent /guardian in charge of the minor who would indulge in child marriage. The punishment will be 2 years of imprisonment and/or a fine of Tk. 50,000. In 2012, the Cabinet approved Hindu Marriage Registration Act -2012 making registration of marriage optional. In 2013, the Government adopted Domestic Violence (Prevention and Protection) Rules" (pg 39).
May 27, 2021, 2:31 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"The Government has decided to increase the monthly allowance of Tk.300 for elderly women to Tk. 500 in the national budget under the social safety net program and allocated Taka 1440.00 crore in the 2015016 budget" (pg 33).
May 27, 2021, 2:30 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"Social protection programs of the Government include specific programs for rural women. VGD program for poor village women includes awareness, self-employment, income generating trainings and food assistance for 750,000 women for two years per cycle" (pg 31).
May 27, 2021, 2:28 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"Industrial policy, 2010 supports entrepreneurial capacity development and access to finance for women" (pg 29).
May 27, 2021, 2:27 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"Registration of women of pregnant women and children under 5 are being conducted and monitored based on 11 internationally agreed indicators at the community clinic level. A Health Management and Information System (HMIS) have been introduced and an accountability framework has been developed. [ . . . ] Maternal mortality rate and malnourishment amongst children and women reduced. Vaccination coverage for women and children has also increased. 300 centers are providing services for screening of breast and cervical cancer for women. Fistula screening has been introduced in 10 medical colleges. A women cardiac center and a diabetic care center for women are in the process of establishment. About 96.7% households...more
May 27, 2021, 2:25 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"The National Education Policy 2010 recommends to address gender inequality and violence against women through curricula and textbook reform and includes the issues of indigenous population and those of physically challenged communities. Primary education is compulsory and free textbooks for all upto secondary level is ensured. Primary education for all and for girls up to grade XII is free in public institutions. An Educational Assistance Trust Fund has been established to give financial support to poor and meritorious students. Stipend programs for girls at the secondary level, conditional to maintaining grades and remaining unmarried until the completion of Secondary School Certificate (SSC), has helped in reducing early marriages. Girls constituted...more
May 27, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"The Citizenship Act of 1951 was amended in 2009 allowing a Bangladeshi woman married to a foreigner to pass on her citizenship to their child but a woman’s right to pass on her citizenship to her foreign spouse is still subject to unequal conditions" (pg 19).
May 27, 2021, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"The Women’s Development Policy (WDP) 2011, advocates for ensuring 33% representation inside the political parties and recommends that political parties nominate women at increased rates as candidates in the election. The Representation of People’s Ordinance’ (RPO) 2013 (Third Amendment) must be followed, which specifies that a registered political party must incorporate internal democracy, non-discriminatory provisions and progressive reservation of positions for women in all committees including the central committee and reach 33% by the year 2020. The RPO also incorporates provisions to increase nomination of women by the political parties. Local Government Acts ensure 33% women’s participation by reserving seats for women at union, upazila (sub-district), municipality and city corporation...more
May 27, 2021, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"Bangladesh has graduated from “Tier 2 Watch List” to “Tier 2” in the US State Department Report on Trafficking in Persons (TIP). Prevention and Suppression of Human Trafficking Act (PSHT), 2012 has been enacted to address all forms of trafficking (sexual exploitation, child labor, bonded labor, organ trade, etc). The content of the Act was finalized in collaboration with civil society. A new National Plan of Action 2012 -14 on combating Human Trafficking has been adopted. PSHT 2012 has been integrated as a subject in the regular training of the Judicial Administration Training Institute (JATI), the Special Branch Training Institute (SBTI) and the Forensic Training Institute (FTI). A policy on...more
May 27, 2021, 2:19 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"The Parliament enacted the Domestic Violence (Prevention and Protection) Act in 2010, which addresses some of the forms of violence that could not be addressed by the other laws and brought in a range of types of violence that would be committed by family members. The Rules of Procedure to implement the Act were approved in 2013. National Action Plan to Prevent Violence Against Women and Children (2013-2025) has been approved.The High Court has directed to resolve the issues of dower, maintenance, guardianship of children before a divorce is made effective to prevent violence. In October 2013 the High Court has ordered the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare to...more
May 27, 2021, 2:16 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"Publishing of pictures of victims of rape and the perpetrators have been restricted. A Pornography Control Act, 2012 has been enacted to prevent deterioration of moral and ethical values of the society and to prevent the use of information with criminal intention. A National Broadcasting Policy was drafted with the objectives of strengthening broadcasting for development and portrayal of women’s productive roles. In view of a high rate of child marriage, the Cabinet has approved the Child Marriage Restraint Act 2014 modifying the earlier one of 1929. The Domestic Violence Rules, 2013 were framed and approved as complementary to the Domestic Violence (Prevention and Protection) Act, 2010. This would help...more
May 27, 2021, 2:14 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"The constitution guarantees equal rights of men and women {Article 28(2)} in all spheres of state and of public life. This guarantee however, does not extend to personal life. The 15th amendment of the constitution took place in 2011 keeping the provision unchanged. The amendment of the Constitution re-adopted secularism as a fundamental principle of state policy. Again, the Article 2A of the Constitution specifies Islam as the state religion, which is an apparent contradiction of the former and also contradictory with principles of equality. The implication of bringing back secularism by the 15th Amendment is still unclear as personal laws (related to marriage, divorce, inheritance, guardianship, and custody) have...more
May 27, 2021, 2:10 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"The Government assigned the Law Commission of Bangladesh to review the possibilities and implications of the withdrawal of reservation on Articles 2 and 16(1c). The Law Commission reviewed the status of the reservations in the light of the status of reservation in other countries with Muslim majority. In February 2013 the Law Commission, through its report, provided recommendation that the withdrawal of the reservations can be considered by the Government. The recommendation stated, “Bangladesh withdraws her reservation from Article 2 and Article 16/1(c) of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. However, Bangladesh shall apply the provisions of these articles in compatibility and harmony with...more
May 24, 2021, 2:10 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"In 2020, 53% of births in Bangladesh were attended by skilled health personnele" (p 43).