The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Belgium

March 10, 2022, 7:33 p.m.
Countries: Belgium, Germany, Netherlands, Norway
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

French teens already had free access to contraceptives, as is the case in several other European countries such as Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands and Norway.
Jan. 26, 2022, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Latvia, Lesotho, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela
Variables: IIP-SCALE-1

1.0
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion or involuntary sterilization" (10).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape of women or men, including spousal rape, is illegal, and the government prosecuted such cases. A convicted rapist may receive 10 to 30 years in prison. The law prohibits domestic violence and provides for fines and incarceration. Legal sanctions for domestic violence are based on the sanctions for physical violence against a third person; the latter range from eight days to 20 years in prison. In cases of domestic violence, these sanctions are doubled" (9).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

"Discrimination against women who wear a headscarf was common in the labor market. The law also prohibits the wearing of a full-face veil (niqab) in public places. Authorities may punish persons who discriminate on the basis of ethnic origin with a fine of up to 137.50 euros ($150) and a jail sentence of up to seven days..." (12).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The Federal Institute for the Equality of Men and Women is responsible for promoting gender equality and may initiate lawsuits if it discovers violations of equality laws. Most complaints received during the year were work related and most concerned the termination of employment due to pregnancy. Economic discrimination against women continued. According to Eurostat, women’s hourly wage rates were 6 percent less than those of their male colleagues in 2017. The law requires that one-third of the board members of publicly traded companies, but not private ones, be women" (16). This suggests that there may not be effective pro-natal policies in place (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"Women have the same legal rights as men. The law requires equal pay for equal work and prohibits discrimination on the grounds of gender, pregnancy, or motherhood as well as in access to goods, services, social welfare, and health care. The government generally enforced the law effectively, although many NGOs and feminist organizations reported women often had to accept part- time work due to conflicting family obligations" (10).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-LAW-1, PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits sexual exploitation, abduction, and trafficking of children and includes severe penalties for child pornography and possession of pedophilic materials. Authorities enforced the law. The penalties for producing and disseminating child pornography range up to 15 years’ imprisonment and up to one year in prison for possessing such material. Local girls and foreign children were subjected to sex trafficking within the country" (10).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, MURDER-DATA-1

"In May, Julie Van Espen, a 23-year-old student, was killed on her way to Antwerp. Police arrested Steve Bakelmans after a review of surveillance camera data. Bakelmans had been sentenced to four years in prison in a 2017 rape case, a ruling he had appealed. Bakelmans had been set free pending the ruling of the appellate court, scheduled later in the year. The case made media headlines as proof of the deficiencies of the justice system and of its protections for women against violence" (9).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (8).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law aims to prevent violence and harassment at work, obliging companies to set up internal procedures to handle employee complaints. Sexist remarks and attitudes targeting a specific individual are illegal; fines for violations range from 50 to 1,000 euros ($55 to $1,100). The government generally enforced antiharassment laws. Politicians and organizations such as the Federal Institute for the Equality of Men and Women worked to raise awareness of the problem" (10). "Women have the same legal rights as men. The law requires equal pay for equal work and prohibits discrimination on the grounds of gender, pregnancy, or motherhood as well as in access to goods, services, social welfare, and...more
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, GP-DATA-5

"The Federal Institute for the Equality of Men and Women is responsible for promoting gender equality and may initiate lawsuits if it discovers violations of equality laws. Most complaints received during the year were work related and most concerned the termination of employment due to pregnancy. Economic discrimination against women continued. According to Eurostat, women’s hourly wage rates were 6 percent less than those of their male colleagues in 2017. The law requires that one-third of the board members of publicly traded companies, but not private ones, be women" (16).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The law provides that both (consenting) partners must be at least 18 years of age to marry" (10).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"...The law prohibits domestic violence and provides for fines and incarceration. Legal sanctions for domestic violence are based on the sanctions for physical violence against a third person; the latter range from eight days to 20 years in prison. In cases of domestic violence, these sanctions are doubled" (9).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The prohibition of Holocaust denial, defamation, sexist remarks, attitudes that target a specific individual, and incitement to hatred applies to print and broadcast media, books, and online newspapers and journals" (5).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"The constitution provides citizens the ability to choose their government in free and fair periodic elections held by secret ballot and based on universal and equal suffrage. Voting in all elections is compulsory; failure to vote is punishable by a nominal fine" (8).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The law aims to prevent violence and harassment at work, obliging companies to set up internal procedures to handle employee complaints. Sexist remarks and attitudes targeting a specific individual are illegal; fines for violations range from 50 to 1,000 euros ($55 to $1,100). The government generally enforced antiharassment laws. Politicians and organizations such as the Federal Institute for the Equality of Men and Women worked to raise awareness of the problem" (10). "Women have the same legal rights as men. The law requires equal pay for equal work and prohibits discrimination on the grounds of gender, pregnancy, or motherhood as well as in access to goods, services, social welfare, and...more
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"The law prohibits FGM/C for women and girls, and it was not a widespread practice in the country. Reported cases were primarily filed by recent immigrants or asylum seekers. Criminal sanctions apply to persons convicted of FGM/C. According to 2017 estimates, there were more than 17,000 female minor and adult victims of FGM/C in the country, while more than 8,000 were at risk. The vast majority of potential victims were asylum seekers from Guinea, Somalia, Cote d’Ivoire, and Egypt" (9).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Discrimination against women who wear a headscarf was common in the labor market. The law also prohibits the wearing of a full-face veil (niqab) in public places. Authorities may punish persons who discriminate on the basis of ethnic origin with a fine of up to 137.50 euros ($150) and a jail sentence of up to seven days..." (12). "UNIA received complaints of discrimination based on physical characteristics, political orientation, social origin, or status. Restrictions on Islamic clothing in public and private sector employment, schools, and public spaces affected Muslim women in particular. The Muslim community was also targeted as part of the increase in online hate speech during the election...more
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-2

"The government registered all live births immediately. Citizenship is conferred on a child through a parent’s (or the parents’) citizenship, but, except for a few circumstances, not through birth on the country’s territory" (10).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-2, MURDER-DATA-2, DV-DATA-1

"The NGO StopFeminicide reported that 36 women died in connection with rape or domestic violence in 2018. According to 2018 statistics from the federal police, there were approximately 39,000 official complaints of physical, psychological, and economic violence, including 139 complaints of sexual violence" (9).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape of women or men, including spousal rape, is illegal, and the government prosecuted such cases. A convicted rapist may receive 10 to 30 years in prison..." (9).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The government continued to prosecute cases of child abuse and punish those convicted" (10).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"A number of government-supported shelters and telephone helplines were available across the country for victims of domestic abuse" (9).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"The NGO StopFeminicide reported that 36 women died in connection with rape or domestic violence in 2018. According to 2018 statistics from the federal police, there were approximately 39,000 official complaints of physical, psychological, and economic violence, including 139 complaints of sexual violence. In May, Julie Van Espen, a 23-year-old student, was killed on her way to Antwerp. Police arrested Steve Bakelmans after a review of surveillance camera data. Bakelmans had been sentenced to four years in prison in a 2017 rape case, a ruling he had appealed. Bakelmans had been set free pending the ruling of the appellate court, scheduled later in the year. The case made media headlines...more
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Some older facilities experienced maintenance problems that contributed to poor detention conditions. There were no specific facilities for pretrial detainees. Conditions were similar for both genders. The Federal Center of Expertise on Healthcare, supported by the local section of the International Observatory for Prisons, highlighted staff shortages and lengthy wait times for inmates to see medical practitioners" (2).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Holocaust denial, defamation, sexist remarks and attitudes that target a specific individual, and incitement to hatred are criminal offenses punishable by a minimum of eight days (for Holocaust denial) or one month (incitement to hatred and sexist remarks or attitudes) and up to one year in prison and fines, plus a possible revocation of the right to vote or run for public office" (5).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"...The law requires that one-third of the board members of publicly traded companies, but not private ones, be women. The law requires companies with at least 50 employees to provide a clear overview of their compensation plans, a detailed breakdown by gender of their wages and fringe benefits, a gender-neutral classification of functions, and the possibility of appointing a mediator to address and follow up on gender-related problems" (16).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape of women or men, including spousal rape, is illegal, and the government prosecuted such cases. A convicted rapist may receive 10 to 30 years in prison. The law prohibits domestic violence and provides for fines and incarceration. Legal sanctions for domestic violence are based on the sanctions for physical violence against a third person; the latter range from eight days to 20 years in prison. In cases of domestic violence, these sanctions are doubled" (9). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 16. Statutory rape carries penalties of imprisonment for up 30 years" (10).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1, GP-DATA-3

"The law aims to prevent violence and harassment at work, obliging companies to set up internal procedures to handle employee complaints. Sexist remarks and attitudes targeting a specific individual are illegal; fines for violations range from 50 to 1,000 euros ($55 to $1,100). The government generally enforced antiharassment laws. Politicians and organizations such as the Federal Institute for the Equality of Men and Women worked to raise awareness of the problem" (10).