The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Belize

Sept. 19, 2022, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1

"There is no legal discrimination regarding inheritance and it appears that there are no practices which may restrict those rights" (3).
Sept. 19, 2022, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law provides daughters with the same rights as sons to inherit land and non-land assets" (3).
Sept. 19, 2022, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LO-LAW-1, ATDW-LAW-1

"The law provides married women with the same rights as married men to own, use, make decisions and use as collateral (Married Woman’s Property Act, sect. 3 & 4). Regarding land, property and other non-land assets, the law provides unmarried women with the same rights as unmarried men to own, use, make decisions and use as collateral (Constitution, sect. 17). Regarding land, property and other non-land assets, the law provides women and men with the same rights after divorce or separation to own, use, make decisions and use as collateral (Law of Property Act, sect. 39). Regarding marital property, a married woman has the same rights as a married man...more
Jan. 26, 2022, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Latvia, Lesotho, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela
Variables: IIP-SCALE-1

1.0
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Observers suggested cultural and societal constraints limited the number of women participating in government. Women remained a clear minority in government: two of 31 members of the House of Representatives and three of 13 senators were women" (9). "Despite legal provisions for gender equality and government programs aimed at empowering women, NGOs and other observers reported women faced social and economic discrimination. Although participating in all spheres of national life and outnumbering men in university classrooms and having higher high school graduation rates, women held relatively few top managerial or government positions"...more
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1

"Domestic violence was often prosecuted with charges such as harm, wounding, grievous harm, rape, and marital rape, but allegations of domestic violence were treated as civil matters. Police, prosecutors, and judges recognized both physical violence and mental injury as evidence of domestic violence. Penalties include fines or imprisonment for violations. The law empowers the Family Court to issue protection orders against accused offenders" (11). "The law allows authorities to remove a child from an abusive home environment and requires parents to maintain and support children until the age of 18. Abuse of children occurred. There were publicized cases of underage girls being victims of sexual abuse and mistreatment, in most...more
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Refugees were able to use the education system and the socialized medical system, but the government offered no assistance with housing or food except in extreme cases that involved children and pregnant women" (8).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The criminal code criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape. The code states that a person convicted of rape shall be sentenced to imprisonment for eight years to life, although sentences were sometimes much lighter. Problems facing the wider justice system generally resulted in poor conviction rates for rape. According to the United Belize Advocacy Movement (UniBAM), 75 percent of sexual abuse crimes were against girls between the ages of 10 and 19" (11). "The legal age for consensual sex is 16, but prostitution is not legal under age 18. Sexual intercourse with a minor younger than age 14 is punishable by 12 years’ to life imprisonment. Unlawful...more
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"The criminal code criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape. The code states that a person convicted of rape shall be sentenced to imprisonment for eight years to life, although sentences were sometimes much lighter. Problems facing the wider justice system generally resulted in poor conviction rates for rape. According to the United Belize Advocacy Movement (UniBAM), 75 percent of sexual abuse crimes were against girls between the ages of 10 and 19" (11). "The law allows authorities to remove a child from an abusive home environment and requires parents to maintain and support children until the age of 18. Abuse of children occurred. There were publicized cases...more
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law provides protection from sexual harassment in the workplace, including provisions against unfair dismissal of a victim of sexual harassment in the workplace. The Women’s Department recognizes sexual harassment as a subset of sexual violence, but no cases have ever been brought under the sexual harassment provisions" (12). "The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men. The law also mandates equal pay for equal work, but the labor commissioner verified that men earned on average BZ$90 ($45) more per month than women did because they held higher managerial positions. The law provides generally for the continuity of employment and protection against unfair...more
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"The government directed awareness campaigns against gender-based and domestic violence, a domestic violence hotline, and shelters for victims, and major police stations had designated domestic abuse officers, although these measures were not always effective" (12). "...[A] lesbian woman was denied a protective order..." (16). If lesbian women are denied protective orders, they may not report cases of domestic violence (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Family Services Division in the Ministry of Human Development is the government office with the lead responsibility for children’s problems. The division...investigated cases of human trafficking in children, and worked with local and international NGOs and UNICEF to promote children’s welfare" (13). "There were anecdotal reports that boys and girls were exploited through child prostitution, including through the 'sugar daddy' syndrome whereby older men provided money to minors, their families, or both for sexual relations. Similarly, there were reports of increasing exploitation of minors, often to meet the demand of foreign sex tourists in tourist-populated areas or where there were transient and seasonal workers. The law criminalizes the procurement...more
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The criminal code criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape. The code states that a person convicted of rape shall be sentenced to imprisonment for eight years to life, although sentences were sometimes much lighter. Problems facing the wider justice system generally resulted in poor conviction rates for rape. According to the United Belize Advocacy Movement (UniBAM), 75 percent of sexual abuse crimes were against girls between the ages of 10 and 19" (11).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"...The Women’s Department recognizes sexual harassment as a subset of sexual violence, but no cases have ever been brought under the sexual harassment provisions" (12).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-DATA-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Observers suggested cultural and societal constraints limited the number of women participating in government. Women remained a clear minority in government: two of 31 members of the House of Representatives and three of 13 senators were women" (9).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: AOM-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-2

"The legal minimum age to marry is 18, but persons between ages 16 and 18 may marry with the consent of parents, legal guardians, or judicial authority. According to UNICEF, 29 percent of women ages 20 to 49 were married or cohabitating before reaching age 18" (13).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"Child Abuse: The law allows authorities to remove a child from an abusive home environment and requires parents to maintain and support children until the age of 18. Abuse of children occurred. There were publicized cases of underage girls being victims of sexual abuse and mistreatment, in most cases in their own home or in a relative’s home" (13).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: GP-DATA-4

"...Special Envoy for Women and Children (and the prime minister’s spouse) Kim Barrow issued a statement asserting 'violence of this kind has no place in our society'…" (16).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

"The law establishes penalties for child prostitution, child pornography, child sexual exploitation, and indecent exhibition of a child. It defines a 'child' as anyone younger than age 18. The law stipulates that the offense of child prostitution does not apply to persons exploiting 16- and 17-year-old children through exchanging sexual activity for remuneration, gifts, goods, food, or other benefits. The legal age for consensual sex is 16, but prostitution is not legal under age 18. Sexual intercourse with a minor younger than age 14 is punishable by 12 years’ to life imprisonment. Unlawful sexual intercourse with a minor age 14-16 is punishable by five to 10 years’ imprisonment" (13).more
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men. The law also mandates equal pay for equal work, but the labor commissioner verified that men earned on average BZ$90 ($45) more per month than women did because they held higher managerial positions. The law provides generally for the continuity of employment and protection against unfair dismissal, including for sexual harassment in the workplace, pregnancy, or HIV status" (12).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"There were anecdotal reports that boys and girls were exploited through child prostitution, including through the 'sugar daddy' syndrome whereby older men provided money to minors, their families, or both for sexual relations. Similarly, there were reports of increasing exploitation of minors, often to meet the demand of foreign sex tourists in tourist-populated areas or where there were transient and seasonal workers. The law criminalizes the procurement or attempted procurement of 'a person' younger than age 18 to engage in prostitution; an offender is liable to eight years’ imprisonment. The government did not effectively enforce laws prohibiting child sex trafficking" (13-14).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"The government directed awareness campaigns against gender-based and domestic violence, a domestic violence hotline, and shelters for victims, and major police stations had designated domestic abuse officers, although these measures were not always effective" (12).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The rate of acquittals and cases withdrawn by the prosecution due to insufficient evidence continued to be high, particularly for sexual offenses, murder, and gang- related cases. These actions were often due to the failure of witnesses to testify because of fear for life and personal safety, as well as a lack of basic police investigative or forensic capability in the country" (6). "The criminal code criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape. The code states that a person convicted of rape shall be sentenced to imprisonment for eight years to life, although sentences were sometimes much lighter. Problems facing the wider justice system generally resulted in poor...more
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"The law provides citizens the ability to choose their government in free and fair periodic elections held by secret ballot and based on universal and equal suffrage" (9).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no confirmed reports of coerced abortion or involuntary sterilization" (12).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived by birth within the country’s territory, regardless of the parents’ nationality. Citizenship may also be acquired by descent if at least one parent is a citizen of the country…" (12).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law establishes penalties for child prostitution, child pornography, child sexual exploitation, and indecent exhibition of a child. It defines a 'child' as anyone younger than age 18..." (13).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The special envoy for women and children continued advocacy campaigns on behalf of persons with disabilities, especially children, and supported efforts to promote schools that took steps to create inclusive environments for them" (15). "...Special Envoy for Women and Children (and the prime minister’s spouse) Kim Barrow issued a statement asserting 'violence of this kind has no place in our society'..." (16).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-3, NGOFW-DATA-1

"Despite legal provisions for gender equality and government programs aimed at empowering women, NGOs and other observers reported women faced social and economic discrimination. Although participating in all spheres of national life and outnumbering men in university classrooms and having higher high school graduation rates, women held relatively few top managerial or government positions" (12).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-2

"Domestic violence was often prosecuted with charges such as harm, wounding, grievous harm, rape, and marital rape, but allegations of domestic violence were treated as civil matters. Police, prosecutors, and judges recognized both physical violence and mental injury as evidence of domestic violence. Penalties include fines or imprisonment for violations. The law empowers the Family Court to issue protection orders against accused offenders" (11).