The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Cambodia

Sept. 13, 2021, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Austria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, Comoros, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, France, Gabon, Hungary, Indonesia, Italy, Jordan, Macedonia, Montenegro, Morocco, Paraguay, Peru, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Sweden, Syria, Thailand, Turkey, Vanuatu
Variables: LRW-SCALE-12

3.0
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Displaced children represented a serious and growing problem--particularly because outward migration of workers continued, and greater numbers of children were left behind. The government offered limited, inadequate services to street children at a single rehabilitation center in Phnom Penh. A local NGO estimated there were 1,200 to 1,500 displaced street children in Phnom Penh with no relationship to their families" (24).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The Ministry of Information and the Ministry of Women’s Affairs implemented a code of conduct for media reporting on violence against women, which bans publication of a survivor’s personal identifiable information, photographs of victims, depictions of a woman’s death or injury, depictions of nudity, and the use of certain offensive or disparaging words against women" (22).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape and assault" (21). "Sexual intercourse with a person younger than age 15 is illegal" (23).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"A 2017 study by CARE International found that nearly one-third of female garment workers experienced sexual harassment at their workplace during the previous 12 months" (22). "Cultural traditions and child-rearing responsibilities limited the ability of women to reach senior positions in business and government or even participate in the workforce" (22). "The government generally did not enforce these laws. Penalties for employment discrimination include fines, civil, and administrative remedies. Penalties were not sufficient to deter violations. Harassment of women was widespread. A BFC report in March 2018 said more than 38 percent of workers surveyed felt uncomfortable 'often' or 'sometimes' because of behavior in their factory, and 40 percent did...more
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"Rape and domestic violence were likely underreported due to fear of reprisal, social discrimination, and the distrust of the judiciary. Women comprised a very small proportion of judicial officials... which likely contributed to underreporting of rape and domestic abuse" (21).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage for both men and women is 18; however, children as young as 16 may legally marry with parental permission" (23).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor. The government did not effectively enforce the law. Officials reported difficulties in verifying working conditions and salaries in the informal fishing, agricultural, construction, and domestic-service sectors. Legal penalties for forced labor were stringent, including imprisonment and fines, but these penalties were insufficient to deter violations. Although the government made efforts to highlight the problem of forced labor, the extent to which these efforts were effective remained unclear. Moreover, there was some evidence that employers, particularly those operating brick kilns, were violating the law prohibiting forced or bonded labor, and that some local government authorities were turning a blind eye to...more
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"No laws limit the participation of women and members of ethnic minorities in the political process, but cultural traditions limited women’s role in politics and government"(18).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-2, MURDER-DATA-2

"Some rape and domestic violence ended in death: A local NGO reported 10 killings in a January-June 2018 investigation of 39 cases of domestic violence and 18 of rape" (21).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion or involuntary sterilization" (22).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"By law children born to one or two ethnic Khmer parents are citizens. A child derives citizenship by birth to a mother and father who are not ethnic Khmer if both parents were born and living legally in the country or if either parent acquired citizenship through other legal means. Ethnic minorities are considered citizens" (22). If a child is a citzen when either of the parents is a citizen, then it can be inferred that a woman can remain a citizen when she marries someone who is not (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws limit the participation of women and members of ethnic minorities in the political process" (18).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"Child rape continued to be a serious problem, and reporting of the crime rose in the past several years" (23).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"No law criminalizes consensual same-sex sexual conduct, nor was there official discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) persons" (25).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The government continued to raid brothels to identify and remove child sex-trafficking victims, although the majority of child sex trafficking was clandestine, occurring in beer gardens, massage parlors, beauty salons, karaoke bars, retail spaces, and noncommercial sites. Police continued to investigate cases of child sex trafficking occurring in brothels or cases where victims filed complaints directly, but police did not typically pursue more complicated cases, for example, those involving online sexual exploitation. Undercover investigation techniques were not allowed in trafficking investigations, which impeded officials’ ability to hold child sex traffickers accountable." (23). "Endemic corruption at all levels of the government severely limited the ability of officials to hold child sex...more
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"Some rape and domestic violence ended in death: A local NGO reported 10 killings in a January-June 2018 investigation of 39 cases of domestic violence and 18 of rape" (21). "Child abuse was common, and legal action against perpetrators was rare, according to observers. According to UNICEF’s Violence Against Children Report, approximately one in two Cambodian children had experienced extreme violence" (23).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"No laws limit the participation of women and members of ethnic minorities in the political process, but cultural traditions limited women’s role in politics and government" (18).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Some rape and domestic violence ended in death: A local NGO reported 10 killings in a January-June 2018 investigation of 39 cases of domestic violence and 18 of rape. In these 57 cases, authorities arrested only 23 perpetrators" (21). "The government continued to raid brothels to identify and remove child sex-trafficking victims, although the majority of child sex trafficking was clandestine, occurring in beer gardens, massage parlors, beauty salons, karaoke bars, retail spaces, and noncommercial sites. Police continued to investigate cases of child sex trafficking occurring in brothels or cases where victims filed complaints directly, but police did not typically pursue more complicated cases, for example, those involving online sexual...more
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The penal code criminalizes sexual harassment, imposing penalties of six days’ to three months’ imprisonment and fines of 100,000 to 500,000 riels ($24 to $122)" (22).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"As of October, two former RFA journalists arrested in 2017 on charges of treason (charges which observers said were politically motivated), to which authorities later added charges of distribution of pornography" (12). "The law also prohibits the production and possession of child pornography" (23).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"By law children born to one or two ethnic Khmer parents are citizens. A child derives citizenship by birth to a mother and father who are not ethnic Khmer if both parents were born and living legally in the country or if either parent acquired citizenship through other legal means. Ethnic minorities are considered citizens" (22).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Overcrowding was a problem.... In most prisons there was no separation of adult and juvenile prisoners (including children living with incarcerated mothers) or of persons convicted of serious crimes, minor offenses, or in pretrial detention.... Local NGOs maintained that allowances for food and other necessities were inadequate in many cases. Observers continued to report that authorities misappropriated allowances for prisoners’ food, xacerbating malnutrition and disease. Authorities did not provide updated figures on the number of prisons in which inmates had access to clean water, although as of 2016, 18 of 29 prisons provided clean water" (3-4).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"For the most part, women had... equal access to education" (22). "The government did not deny girls equal access to education" (23).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs reported authorities inadequately enforced domestic violence laws and avoided involvement in domestic disputes" (21). "Some rape and domestic violence ended in death: A local NGO reported 10 killings in a January-June 2018 investigation of 39 cases of domestic violence and 18 of rape. In these 57 cases, authorities arrested only 23 perpetrators. According to a 2017 report by a human rights NGO, neither the authorities nor the public generally regarded domestic violence as a criminal offense" (21). "Child abuse was common, and legal action against perpetrators was rare, according to observers. according to UNICEF’s Violence Against Children Report, approximately one in two Cambodian children had experienced extreme violence" (23).more
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The government used the law to prosecute both sex tourists and citizens for the sexual exploitation of children. The law provides penalties ranging from two to 20 years in prison for commercial sexual exploitation of children" (23).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: GP-DATA-6

"Women comprised a very small proportion of judicial officials: 14 percent of judges, 12 percent of prosecutors, and 20 percent of lawyers, which likely contributed to underreporting of rape and domestic abuse" (21).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Charges for spousal rape under the penal code or domestic violence law were rare" (21).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

"The constitution provides for equal rights for women... and equal status in marriage" (22).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"For the most part, women had... the same legal status to initiate divorce proceedings" (22).