The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Colombia

March 17, 2022, 12:34 a.m.
Countries: Colombia, Mexico
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

Mexico’s supreme court decriminalized abortion last year and Colombia’s constitutional court is weighing the same decision.
March 14, 2022, 4:53 p.m.
Countries: Colombia, Panama
Variables: DACH-DATA-2

"In Argentina, Colombia, and Panama the use of LARCs (Long Acting Reversible Contraception) was similar for all women independent of wealth" (para 22).
March 9, 2022, 9:28 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"Having an abortion is no longer a crime under Colombian law, the country’s top court ruled...The ruling by Colombia’s Constitutional Court follows years of organizing by women across Latin America for greater protections and more rights, including access to abortion, and significant shifts in the region’s legal landscape...Colombia’s decision means that three of the four most populous countries in Latin America have now opened the door to more widespread access to abortion" (para 1, 3). "The court’s decision decriminalizes abortions in the first 24 weeks of pregnancy, and means that any woman should be able to seek the procedure from a health professional without fear of criminal prosecution. It also...more
March 9, 2022, 9:27 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: ABO-PRACTICE-1

"A recent survey by the nonpartisan firm Ipsos found that while 82 percent of Colombian respondents supported abortion in some circumstances, just 26 percent supported it in all cases — and the court’s decision is likely to cause friction as abortion rights activists, policymakers, health care providers and others determine how it should be carried out" (para 27).
March 9, 2022, 9:26 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: ABO-DATA-1

"Prosecutors in Colombia open about 400 cases each year against women who have abortions or people who help them, according to the attorney general’s office. At least 346 people have been convicted in such cases since 2006. Nearly all of these abortion-related investigations have been in rural areas, involving girls as young as 11, according to researchers with Causa Justa. Illegal abortions can be unsafe and cause about 70 deaths a year in Colombia, according to the country’s health ministry" (para 24-26).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-2

"The law augments both imprisonment and fines if a crime causes 'transitory or permanent physical disfigurement,' such as acid attacks, which have a penalty of up to 50 years in prison" (25). This indicates that acid attacks may take place (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived by birth within the country’s territory in most cases. Most births were registered immediately. If a birth is not registered within one month, parents may be fined and denied public services" (25).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: GEW-DATA-1

"Violence against women, as well as impunity for perpetrators, continued to be a problem. Members of illegal armed groups, including former paramilitary members and guerrillas, also continued to rape and abuse women and children sexually" (24).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: PRN-PRACTICE-1

"The Attorney General’s Office reported opening 796 investigations related to cases of child pornography and sentenced 24 perpetrators…" (26). "Significant rates of child labor occurred in the production of clay bricks, coal, coffee, emeralds, gold, coca, pornography, and sugarcane..." (39).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"...By law femicide is punishable with penalties of 21 to 50 years in prison, longer than the minimum sentence of 13 years for homicide" (24). "The law augments both imprisonment and fines if a crime causes 'transitory or permanent physical disfigurement,' such as acid attacks, which have a penalty of up to 50 years in prison" (25).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The practice of preventive detention, in combination with inefficiencies in the judicial system, continued to exacerbate overcrowding. The government continued to implement procedures introduced in 2017 that provide for the immediate release of some pretrial detainees, including many accused of serious crimes such as aggravated robbery and sexual assault" (7). "Violence against women, as well as impunity for perpetrators, continued to be a problem. Members of illegal armed groups, including former paramilitary members and guerrillas, also continued to rape and abuse women and children sexually. The government continued to employ the Elite Sexual Assault Investigative Unit interagency unit in Bogota, which was dedicated to the investigation of sexual assault cases....more
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"...The law prohibits pornography using children younger than 18 and stipulates a penalty of 10 to 20 years in prison and a fine for violations…" (26).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1, GP-DATA-3

"Although women have the same legal rights as men, discrimination against women persisted. The Office of the Advisor for the Equality of Women has primary responsibility for combating discrimination against women, but advocacy groups reported that the office remained seriously underfunded. The government continued its national public policy for gender equity" (25).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"...For acts of spousal sexual violence, the law mandates prison sentences of six months to two years..." (24). "The law augments both imprisonment and fines if a crime causes 'transitory or permanent physical disfigurement,' such as acid attacks, which have a penalty of up to 50 years in prison" (25).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"...For example, on June 21, in Tierralta, Cordoba, prominent social leader and land rights activist Maria del Pilar Hurtado was shot and killed by two men riding a motorcycle. As of September authorities had not identified the killers, but the Inspector General’s Office opened a disciplinary investigation into local public officials for alleged irregularities related to the handling of alleged threats against the victim" (4). "The law provides measures to deter and punish harassment in the workplace, such as sexual harassment, verbal abuse or derision, aggression, and discrimination, which carries a penalty of one to three years’ imprisonment. Nonetheless, NGOs reported sexual harassment remained a pervasive and underreported problem in...more
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: MURDER-DATA-1

"...For example, on June 21, in Tierralta, Cordoba, prominent social leader and land rights activist Maria del Pilar Hurtado was shot and killed by two men riding a motorcycle. As of September authorities had not identified the killers, but the Inspector General’s Office opened a disciplinary investigation into local public officials for alleged irregularities related to the handling of alleged threats against the victim" (4).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Overcrowding existed in men’s and in women’s prisons. The National Prison Institute (INPEC), which operated the national prisons and oversaw the jails, estimated there were 124,574 persons incarcerated in 133 prisons at a rate of approximately 50 percent over capacity" (6).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"There continued to be instances of child trafficking with the purpose of forced labor in mines, quarries, and private homes. According to government officials and international organizations, illegal drug traders and other illicit actors recruited children, sometimes forcibly, to work in their illegal activities. The ELN and organized-crime gangs forced children into sexual servitude or criminality to serve as combatants or coca pickers..." (39).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"The law provides citizens the ability to choose their government through free and fair periodic elections held by secret ballot and based on nearly universal suffrage. Active-duty members of the armed forces and police may neither vote nor participate in the political process. Civilian public employees are eligible to vote, although they may participate in partisan politics only during the four months immediately preceding a national election" (21).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"...For acts of spousal sexual violence, the law mandates prison sentences of six months to two years..." (24). "The law requires the government to provide victims of domestic violence immediate protection from further physical or psychological abuse" (24). "The law augments both imprisonment and fines if a crime causes 'transitory or permanent physical disfigurement,' such as acid attacks, which have a penalty of up to 50 years in prison" (25).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-DATA-1, NGOFW-DATA-1

"Unemployment disproportionately affected women, who faced hiring discrimination and received salaries that generally were not commensurate with their education and experience. The NGO Sisma Mujer reported that on average women were paid 28 percent less than men. In a previous year, a senior government official estimated that 85 percent of persons with disabilities were unemployed. Afro-Colombian labor unions reported discrimination in the port sector" (40).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-DATA-1

"...In September, Liliana Campo Puello, whom authorities charged with running an extensive child trafficking ring for the purposes of sexual exploitation, pleaded guilty and was sentenced to eight years in prison. Her father, Carlos Enrique Campo Caballero, was also convicted and sentenced to 56 months’ imprisonment. The judge in the case accused Puello of continuing to operate the trafficking ring while imprisoned. In 2018 authorities in Cartagena arrested Puello as part of a three-day operation, during which they arrested 18 persons and charged them with the sexual exploitation of more than 250 women and girls. Prosecutors alleged that some of the women and girls were tattooed and trafficked for purposes...more
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, GP-DATA-1

"No laws limit the participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. The share of female officials in the cabinet was more than 50 percent" (22).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-2

"Marriage is legal at the age of 18. Boys older than 14 and girls older than 12 may marry with the consent of their parents. According to UNICEF, 5 percent of girls were married before age 15 and 23 percent before age 18" (26).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"Child abuse was a serious problem. The Attorney General’s Office reported that 53 percent of its nearly 27,000 investigations into sexual crimes through July 31 involved a minor younger than 14. The Colombian Family Welfare Institute (ICBF) reported that between January and July 31, there were 6,150 cases of sexual abuse against children" (25).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: ABO-DATA-1

"Through August 18, the Attorney General’s Office reported opening 18 investigations related to cases of forced abortion" (25).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"...Illegal armed groups, as well as narcotics traffickers, were significant perpetrators of human rights abuses and violent crimes and committed acts of extrajudicial and unlawful killings, extortion, and other abuses, such as kidnapping, torture, human trafficking, bombings and use of landmines, restriction on freedom of movement, sexual violence, recruitment and use of child soldiers, and intimidation of journalists, women, and human rights defenders. The government investigated these actions and prosecuted those responsible to the extent possible" (1-2). "Violence against women, as well as impunity for perpetrators, continued to be a problem. Members of illegal armed groups, including former paramilitary members and guerrillas, also continued to rape and abuse women and...more
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"The law prohibits FGM/C, but isolated incidents were reported in several indigenous communities in different parts of the country. Two-thirds of women from the Embera community had undergone FGM/C, according to the UN Population Fund" (25).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides measures to deter and punish harassment in the workplace, such as sexual harassment, verbal abuse or derision, aggression, and discrimination, which carries a penalty of one to three years’ imprisonment. Nonetheless, NGOs reported sexual harassment remained a pervasive and underreported problem in workplaces and in public" (25).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"...The law prohibits sexual exploitation of a minor or facilitating the sexual exploitation of a minor and stipulates a penalty of 14 to 25 years in prison, with aggravated penalties for perpetrators who are family members of the victim and for cases of sexual tourism, forced marriage, or sexual exploitation by illegal armed groups..." (26).