The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Costa Rica

Oct. 14, 2022, 6:24 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The gender analysis provided a better understanding of the realities faced by Costa Rican women and yielded quantitative and qualitative data on gender roles, gaps, and opportunities. At the local and national level, women face gender inequalities in relation to land tenure, participation in decision making, training and access to information, access to and control of economic resources, and childcare responsibilities" (30). "Programs designed to strengthen agroforestry systems and extension services provided should take account of the differences in size between the farms of men and women to ensure that the models and practices proposed for these systems and services can be implemented across the full range of farms. This...more
Oct. 14, 2022, 6:24 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The largest number of indigenous women managing farms can be found among the Bribri and Cabécar peoples. Map 1 shows that the indigenous territories with the largest number of indigenous women involved in agriculture are Chirripó, with 326 women, and Cabécar and Talamanca Bribri with 275 women. Other territories of the Cabécar group are also worthy of mention, such as Tayní, with 92 women, and Talamanca Cabécar, with 50 indigenous women producers. The Cabagra territory of the Bribri group also stands out, with 44 women. These groups operate under a matrilineal system, in which the successors of land are women. Women also pass on their ancestral lines to their sons...more
Oct. 14, 2022, 6:24 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Regulations and policies currently exist in Costa Rica to promote land tenure for women. In 1990, the Costa Rican Institute of Agrarian Development (IDA, now known as the Rural Development Institute (INDER)) changed its approach to land allocation and titling, in response to the Ley de la Igualdad Real de la Mujer (Law of Real Equality for Women). Based on the new approach, steps are now being taken to (a) register the property title in the name of both men and women, when the applicants are a married couple or in a common law relationship; and (b) adopt specific regulations to allocate land to women who are household heads and...more
March 19, 2022, 7:58 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL – The president of Costa Rica, Carlos Alvarado, signed this Monday (23) a law that extends the punishment for the crime of femicide with up to 35 years in prison against men who take advantage of their bond of friendship or trust to murder a woman. Authorities indicated that this law settles a historical debt with women since it does justice with the victim’s families and faces impunity. Previously, if there was no relationship with the victim, it was not typified as femicide and the prison sentence was lower" (para 1,2). “'The signing of this law expands and strengthens the legal tools to punish the different...more
March 19, 2022, 7:58 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: MURDER-DATA-2

"According to the Observatory of Gender Violence against Women of the Judiciary, in Costa Rica, from 2007, the year in which the Law of Criminalization of Violence against Women was enacted, to December 31, 2019, there were a total of 355 femicides. While in 2020, a total of 23 femicides were recorded"(para 11).
March 14, 2022, 4:53 p.m.
Countries: Barbados, Brazil, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru
Variables: DACH-DATA-2

"In most countries, SARCs (Short Acting Reversible Contraception) were the most frequent type of contraceptive used by women. 40% or more of women were using SARCs in Argentina, Barbados, Brazil, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, and St Lucia" (para 21).
Jan. 26, 2022, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Latvia, Lesotho, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela
Variables: IIP-SCALE-1

1.0
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Refugees and asylum seekers reported that access to health services was difficult. They qualified for public health services only if they were minors, pregnant, or facing a life-threatening emergency, but some individuals reported being denied services even in emergency situations" (7).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The minimum legal age of marriage is 18. The law establishes penalties for sex with minors and prohibits child marriage. The crime carries a penalty of up to three years in prison for an adult having sex with a person under age 15, or under 18 if the age difference is more than five years" (11).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"...The labor code prohibits discrimination based on age, ethnicity, gender, religion, race, sexual orientation, civil status, political opinion, nationality, social status, affiliation, disability, labor union membership, or economic situation. The government effectively enforced these laws and regulations, and penalties were sufficient to deter violations. The Labor Ministry reported seven cases of discrimination from January to June. The ministry continued to implement a gender-equality perspective into labor inspections to identify areas of vulnerability" (18).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape and domestic violence, and provides penalties from 10 to 18 years in prison for rape. The judicial branch generally enforced the law effectively" (10).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"The constitution and laws provide citizens the ability to choose their government in free and fair periodic elections held by secret ballot and based on universal and equal suffrage" (8).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"...The law provides for sentences of two to 10 years in prison for statutory rape and three to eight years in prison for child pornography..." (11).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment in the workplace and educational institutions, and the Ministry of Labor and Social Security generally enforced this prohibition. The law imposes penalties ranging from a letter of reprimand to dismissal, with more serious incidents subject to criminal prosecution" (10). "The law requires that women and men receive equal pay for equal work. The government enforced the laws effectively, although an official study reported a pay gap of 13 percent for highly skilled jobs. Assembly approved an amendment to the women's equality law to establish pay equality between men and women in both the public and private sectors and to create an interagency commission for pay...more
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"Women enjoy the same legal status and rights as men. The law prohibits discrimination against women and obligates the government to promote political, economic, social, and cultural equality..." (11).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is obtained from birth within the country’s territory or can be derived if either parent is Costa Rican..." (11).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape and domestic violence, and provides penalties from 10 to 18 years in prison for rape. The judicial branch generally enforced the law effectively. The law prohibits domestic violence and provides measures for the protection of domestic violence victims. Criminal penalties range from 10 to 100 days in prison for aggravated threats and up to 35 years in prison for aggravated homicide, including a sentence of 20 to 35 years for persons who kill their partners" (10).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"...The country was a destination for child sex tourism" (11). "...Forced child labor reportedly occurred in some service sectors, such as construction, fishing, street vending, and domestic service, and some children were subject to commercial sexual exploitation" (17).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (8).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"Violence against women remained a serious problem, and as of August the government reported that nine women had been killed by a partner or spouse. The killing of a woman by her spouse garnered significant public attention, as the perpetrator stabbed the woman multiple times during a domestic dispute while two of her three children (ages five and 11) were present in the home. Authorities arrested the perpetrator. The government launched a public campaign in response to concern about gender-based violence" (10). "The autonomous National Institute for Children (PANI) reported violence against children and adolescents continued to be a concern, but there was no marked increase in the number of...more
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The autonomous National Institute for Children (PANI) reported violence against children and adolescents continued to be a concern, but there was no marked increase in the number of cases of child violence or abuse. Judicial authorities investigated the death of a five-year-old minor who died of internal bleeding caused by parental abuse on May 9. A few days prior, the staff of PANI received a complaint of mistreatment by his parents but did not respond adequately" (11).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape and domestic violence, and provides penalties from 10 to 18 years in prison for rape. The judicial branch generally enforced the law effectively" (10). "The minimum age of consensual sex is 18 years...The law provides for sentences of two to 10 years in prison for statutory rape..." (11).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion or involuntary sterilization" (10).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The law requires that women and men receive equal pay for equal work. The government enforced the laws effectively, although an official study reported a pay gap of 13 percent for highly skilled jobs. Assembly approved an amendment to the women's equality law to establish pay equality between men and women in both the public and private sectors and to create an interagency commission for pay equality" (11).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-2, MURDER-DATA-1, MURDER-DATA-2, SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Violence against women remained a serious problem, and as of August the government reported that nine women had been killed by a partner or spouse. The killing of a woman by her spouse garnered significant public attention, as the perpetrator stabbed the woman multiple times during a domestic dispute while two of her three children (ages five and 11) were present in the home. Authorities arrested the perpetrator. The government launched a public campaign in response to concern about gender-based violence" (10).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Women and persons of African descent were represented in government, but indigenous persons were not. In national elections, political parties must guarantee gender parity across their electoral slates and confirm that gender parity must extend vertically. The electoral code requires that a minimum of 50 percent of candidates for elective office be women, with their names placed alternately with men on the ballots by party slate" (9).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The minimum age of consensual sex is 18 years. The law criminalizes the commercial sexual exploitation of children and provides sentences of up to 16 years in prison for violations. The law provides for sentences of two to 10 years in prison for statutory rape and three to eight years in prison for child pornography. The country was a destination for child sex tourism" (11).
Sept. 15, 2021, 6:45 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: MURDER-DATA-1

"The defenders indicate that, as part of the monitoring abroad, the murder of a Nicaraguan woman in Costa Rican territory was also documented" (para 6).
Sept. 13, 2021, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Austria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, Comoros, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, France, Gabon, Hungary, Indonesia, Italy, Jordan, Macedonia, Montenegro, Morocco, Paraguay, Peru, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Sweden, Syria, Thailand, Turkey, Vanuatu
Variables: LRW-SCALE-12

3.0
June 18, 2021, 4 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"On August 10, the president signed legislation that criminalizes sexual harassment in public places and punishes it with prison sentences and fines" (pg 11).