The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for D R Congo

Sept. 13, 2021, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan, Belgium, Benin, D R Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Luxembourg, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Moldova, Namibia, Nepal, Rwanda, Senegal, South Korea, South Sudan, Taiwan, Turkmenistan, Vietnam, Zimbabwe
Variables: LRW-SCALE-12

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June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Women held 10 percent of seats in the National Assembly (50 of 500) and 6 percent in the provincial assemblies (43 of 690). Four of 108 senators were women. Among the 59 government vice prime ministers, ministers, ministers of state, and vice ministers, six were women, a decrease in the total number from that of the government formed earlier in 2016 (from 11 percent of 68 such positions to 10 percent of 59 such positions). Some observers believed cultural and traditional factors prevented women from participating in political life to the same extent as men" (p 34).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Courts may sentence women found guilty of adultery to up to one year in prison, while adultery by men is punishable only if judged to have 'an injurious quality'" (p 41).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: MURDER-DATA-1

"The OHCHR determined that, in one attack on April 24, inthe village of Cinq, '90 patients, colleagues and people who had sought refuge in a health center were killed, including patients who could not escape when the surgical ward was set on fire.' The OHCHR reported seeing 'children as young as two whose limbs had been chopped off; many babies had machete wounds and severe burns. One two-month-old baby seen…had been hit by two bullets four hours after birth; the mother was also injured. At least two pregnant women were sliced open and their foetuses mutilated'" (p 3). "In December, UNJHRO reported that at least 170 women were victims of...more
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The legal definition of rape does not include spousal rape" (p 39).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5

"Bridewealth (dowry) payment made by a groom or his family to the relatives of the bride to ratify a marriage greatly contributed to underage marriage, as parents forcibly married daughters to collect bridewealth or to finance bridewealth for a son" (42-43).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"While the law prohibits marriage of boys and girls under the age of 18, many marriages of underage children took place" (p 42).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law does not provide any specific penalty for domestic violence despite its prevalence. Although the law considers assault a crime, police rarely intervened in perceived domestic disputes. There were no reports of judicial authorities taking action in cases of domestic or spousal abuse" (p 40).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment occurred throughout the country. Legislation passed in 2006 prohibits sexual harassment with a minimum sentence of one year, but there was little or no effective enforcement of the law" (p 40).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"In December, UNJHRO reported that at least 528 women were victims of arbitrary arrest during the year" (p 10). "The SSF, RMGs, and civilians perpetrated widespread sexual violence (see section 1.g.). During the year the United Nations documented 267 adult victims and 171 child victims, including two boys, of sexual violence in conflict. Crimes of sexual violence were sometimes committed as a tactic of war to punish civilians for having perceived allegiances to rival parties or groups. The crimes occurred largely in the conflict zones in North Kivu Province and in the Kasai region, but also throughout the country. The 2013-14 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) found that more than...more
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Primary and secondary school attendance rates for girls were lower than for boys due to financial, cultural, or security reasons, including early marriage and pregnancy for girls. Additionally, children in school were not particularly safe. Teachers subjected one in four children to corporal punishment and pressured one in five girls to exchange sexual favors for high grades" (p 41).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-2

"On December 13, a provincial military court convicted parliamentarian Frederic Batumike and 10 others associated with Batumike’s RMG to life in prison for murder and crimes against humanity for the rape of 37 girls ranging in age from 18 months to 12 years" (p 40). "The government did not effectively enforce laws prohibiting forced or compulsory labor and took no action against those who used forced labor and abducted civilians for forced labor" (49).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"According to media, members of the FARDC raped as many as 25 women in Makobola, 14 miles south of Uvira, in late September and mid-October after the withdrawal of a Mai Mai group that had been operating in the area" (p 39). "The 2013-14 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) found that more than one in four women nationwide (27 percent) had experienced sexual violence at some point in their lives, up from 22 percent in 2007" (p 39). "There was an increase in sexual violence against children and infants in Kavumu, South Kivu Province, during 2016" (p 43).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Although the law prohibits all forms of child abuse, it regularly occurred" (p 42).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The law provides for the acquisition of citizenship through birth within the country or from either parent being of an ethnic group documented as having been located in the country in 1960" (p 41).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"According to UNICEF, many widows were unable to inherit their late husbands’ property because the law states that in event of a death in which there is no will, the husband’s children, including those born out of wedlock (provided that they were officially recognized by the father), rather than the widow, have precedence with regard to inheritance"(p 41).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: ISTD-DATA-3

"According to the survey, the adult HIV prevalence rate was 1.2 percent, and according to UNAIDS, an estimated 560,798 persons of all ages in the country had HIV in 2015" (p 46).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law on sexual violence criminalizes rape, but the offense was not always reported by victims and the law was not always enforced. Rape was common. The legal definition of rape does not include spousal rape. It also prohibits extrajudicial settlements (for example, a customary fine paid by the perpetrator to the family of the victim) and forced marriage, allows victims of sexual violence to waive appearance in court, and permits closed hearings to protect confidentiality" (p 39). "The minimum age of consensual sex is 18 for both males and females, and the law prohibits prostitution by anyone under 18. The penal code prohibits child pornography, with imprisonment of 10...more
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The constitution criminalizes forced marriage. Courts may sentence parents convicted of forcing a child to marry to up to 12 years’ hard labor and a fine of 92,500 Congolese francs ($58). The penalty doubles when the child is under 15" (p 43).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"The legal definition of rape does not include spousal rape. It also prohibits extrajudicial settlements (for example, a customary fine paid by the perpetrator to the family of the victim) and forced marriage, allows victims of sexual violence to waive appearance in court, and permits closed hearings to protect confidentiality" (p 39).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Due to the remote location of the Kasai region, humanitarian access was difficult, and IDPs lived in poor conditions without adequate shelter or protection. Women and girls were particularly vulnerable to sexual violence. More than 30,000 citizens from Kasai fled as refugees to Angola beginning in April" (p 30). "Combatants and other civilians abused IDPs. Abuses included killings, sexual exploitation of women and children (including rape), abduction, forced conscription, looting, illegal taxation, and general harassment" (p 31).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-2, GEW-PRACTICE-3

"UNICEF and MONUSCO attributed some abuses of children, including mutilation of children and use of children in combat in the Kasais, to harmful traditional and religious practices. The United Nations reported that Kamuina Nsapu militias often put children, particularly young girls, on the front lines of battle, believing they have powers that could protect them as well as other fighters. For example, it reported Kamuina Nsapu militias often believed young girls could trap bullets fired at them and fling them back at attackers. The Kamuina Nsapu also reportedly slashed children’s stomachs as part of an initiation ritual to see if they would survive and how the wound would heal" (p...more
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (p 40).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: GEW-DATA-1

"As of October 24, the United Nations reported that it had received 15 allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse against military, police, and civilian personnel deployed with MONUSCO during the year. Nine of these cases involved allegations of transactional sex; four involved allegations of an exploitative relationship; one involved the sexual assault of a child; and one involved the alleged rape of a child. As of October 24, all investigations were pending" (p 6). "The United Nations reported that it received one allegation during the year of sexual exploitation and abuse against DRC peacekeepers serving outside the DRC. The allegation of transactional sex, alleged to have taken place at an...more
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: EWCMS-DATA-1

"There were also reports that child soldiers, particularly girls, faced sexual exploitation" (p 43).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The minimum penalty prescribed for rape is a prison sentence of five years, and courts regularly imposed such a sentence in rape convictions" (p 39). "On December 13, a provincial military court convicted parliamentarian Frederic Batumike and 10 others associated with Batumike’s RMG to life in prison for murder and crimes against humanity for the rape of 37 girls ranging in age from 18 months to 12 years" (p 39).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The SSF, RMGs, and civilians perpetrated widespread sexual violence (see section 1.g.). During the year the United Nations documented 267 adult victims and 171 child victims, including two boys, of sexual violence in conflict. Crimes of sexual violence were sometimes committed as a tactic of war to punish civilians for having perceived allegiances to rival parties or groups. The crimes occurred largely in the conflict zones in North Kivu Province and in the Kasai region, but also throughout the country" (p 39). "Some prosecutions occurred for rape and other types of sexual violence. In June 2016 at least 57 persons, including a provincial member of parliament, were arrested in connection...more
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"During the year UNICEF assisted 4,627 victims of sexual exploitation, including 1,671 children, of whom 228 reported being victims of sexual violence by armed men. According to a 2010 World Bank report, 26 percent of children living on the streets were girls, of whom 70 percent were victims of rape and 90 percent were victims of child sex trafficking" (p 43).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"Among the 59 government vice prime ministers, ministers, ministers of state, and vice ministers, six were women, a decrease in the total number from that of the government formed earlier in 2016 (from 11 percent of 68 such positions to 10 percent of 59 such positions)" (p 34).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: GDI-DATA-1

"During the year UNICEF assisted 4,627 victims of sexualexploitation, including 1,671 children, of whom 228 reported being victims of sexual violence by armed men" (p 43).