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Latest items for France

Sept. 3, 2022, 8:12 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"French President Emmanuel Macron on Monday picked Labour Minister Elisabeth Borne as his new prime minister as he prepares for legislative elections in June, the second time in 30 years that a woman has been appointed to the job." (1) "Borne, 61, will be the first woman named as prime minister since Edith Cresson briefly occupied the office during the presidency of Socialist leader Francois Mitterrand in the early 1990s." (5) "As transport minister in 2017, she held out against weeks of strikes and demonstrations to end a generous pension and benefits system for SNCF railway workers." (13)
Sept. 3, 2022, 7:50 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: ABO-PRACTICE-1

"They did so even though abortion no longer faces any significant political opposition in France. A left-wing coalition quickly proposed a similar constitutional change. On the center right, a party seen as representing traditionalist Catholics, Les Républicains, has shriveled in political significance. Even Marine Le Pen, the leader of the far-right National Rally party, who made some noises against abortion in the past, now sees no advantage in doing so. When asked if she herself would support a constitutional amendment on abortion, Le Pen groused about how France isn’t the U.S. and no party envisions changing the abortion law, but conceded, 'Pourquoi pas?' Why not?" (4) "But by then in...more
Sept. 3, 2022, 7:50 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"The French are feeling vigilant in part because, historically, they moved in near-lockstep with the U.S. on abortion and related reproductive rights. In 1965, the U.S. Supreme Court issued a landmark ruling granting married couples access to birth-control medication; France authorized free access to the pill, for anyone, two years later. The U.S. Supreme Court issued its ruling on Roe in 1973; two years later, France decriminalized abortion by passing what became known as the loi Veil, after Simone Veil, the celebrated postwar politician who, as health minister, spearheaded the effort to enact the legislation. But the two nations are now diverging. In March, with a possible reversal of Roe...more
Sept. 3, 2022, 7:50 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"The French system is far from perfect. The National Assembly’s 2020 report found that not enough doctors perform abortions, and that many in the generation energized by the loi Veil are retiring. 'Abortion appears to often be simply ‘tolerated’ in France, but it’s not always guaranteed,' the authors concluded. But France is moving in the right direction, in ways that seem eminently practical to an American resident there, which I was for many years. When the government discovered that some young women were not using contraception because it was too expensive, the state made birth control completely free for women under 26. Minors who want a day-after pill need simply...more
Sept. 3, 2022, 7:50 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: ABO-DATA-1

"France has other particularities. Its abortion-rights effort got some lift from the Manifesto of the 343, a 1971 open letter written by de Beauvoir and signed by hundreds of well-known writers, actors, filmmakers, and designers, including Catherine Deneuve, Marguerite Duras, Agnès Varda, and Sonia Rykiel. The signatories all attested to having had an abortion, and they argued that the procedure was 'the most basic necessity, without which the political fight cannot even begin.'" (12)
Sept. 3, 2022, 7:50 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"When the United States Supreme Court overturned Roe v. Wade last week, a quote attributed to Simone de Beauvoir quickly circulated on French social media. 'Never forget that all it takes is a political, economic or religious crisis for women’s rights to be called into question,' it said. 'These rights are never fully acquired. You must remain vigilant your whole life.'" (1)
June 8, 2022, 3:41 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

France’s Marine Le Pen, shy of calling herself a feminist, has come out to defend “women’s rights” (though she did so largely to prop up her anti-immigration policies).
March 10, 2022, 7:23 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"'Between 18 and 25 years old, women are very vulnerable because they lose a lot of rights compared to when they were minors and are very precarious economically,' a spokeswoman for the French women's rights group En Avant Tous, Louise Delavier, told the AFP news agency. Leslie Fonquerne, a sociologist focused on gender issues, told AFP that the measure was a start but 'in no way resolves the imbalance in the contraceptive burden between women and men' (Para. 7-8).
March 10, 2022, 7:23 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"Starting in 2022, birth control will be available to women in France aged 18 to 25 for free, expanding an existing program for minors that seeks to prevent unwanted pregnancies because of the cost of birth control French officials believe that up to 3 million women could benefit from enhanced access to the pill, IUDs, contraceptive patches and jabs" (Para 1-2) "The expansion of access was announced back in September, after surveys found that teens were not using contraceptives as much because it was not affordable 'As of January 1, 2022, the health insurance system will cover the cost of contraception and related procedures (annual consultation with a doctor or...more
Jan. 26, 2022, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Latvia, Lesotho, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela
Variables: IIP-SCALE-1

1.0
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The annual report of the National Commission on Informatics and Liberties (CNIL), the government’s data protection authority, showed a significant decrease in the number of requests made to authorities to remove online terrorist- and child-pornography-related content. Central Office for the Fight against Crime Related to Information and Communication Technology issued 25,474 withdrawal requests between March 2018 and February 2019, a decrease of 27 percent from the previous year. Of these... 91 percent [were] child pornography" (10). The government removal of pornography on the internet indicates that it is illegal to post it online (SFR - CODER COMMENT). "There are laws against child abuse, including against ...child pornography. The government actively...more
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"There are laws against child abuse, including against... child prostitution, and child pornography. The government actively worked to combat child abuse. Penalties are generally severe" (22).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"The government also supported the work of 25 associations and NGOs dedicated to addressing domestic violence" (19).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"On July 16, the University Toulouse Jean-Jaures announced that two professors would be barred from positions in all public higher-education institutions due to 'sexual and moral harassment' of several students" (20). "In August the Ministry of Gender Equality and the Fight against Discrimination reported that authorities fined 713 men for harassing women in public since the introduction of the new law in 2018" (21). "On June 17, a Paris court sentenced a man to an eight-month suspended sentence after he masturbated on the Paris metro in front of a woman and told her she was 'beautiful.' The man, 48, was ordered to pay 500 euros ($550) in damages to the...more
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and law provide for the same legal status and rights for women as for men, including under family, religious, personal status, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws... The constitution and law provide for equal access to professional and social positions, and the government generally enforced the laws" (21).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"In January the Paris Criminal Court sentenced two police officers to seven years in prison for raping a Canadian tourist in 2014 inside police headquarters" (2). "MIPROF reported that, over the same period, 94,000 women declared they had been victims of rape or attempted rape" (19). "In December the National Observatory of Crime and Criminal Justice, an independent public body, and the National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) published a joint study showing that the number of persons who consider themselves victims of sexual violence committed by a person who does not live with them declined from 265,000 in 2017 to 185,000 in 2018. In 2017 there was...more
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

"The law also criminalizes the commercial sexual exploitation of children. The minimum penalty for sexual exploitation of children is 10 years’ imprisonment and a fine of 1.5 million euros ($1.65 million)" (23). The specific criminalization of the sexual exploitation of children indicates at least a partial legalization of prostitution for adults (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-LAW-2, AW-LAW-1

"OFPRA stated that priority attention [for asylum] was given to female victims of violence, persons persecuted on the basis of their sexual orientation, victims of human trafficking, unaccompanied minors, and victims of torture" (14).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape, and the government generally enforced the law effectively. The penalty for rape is 15 years’ imprisonment, which may be increased" (18).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"The government sponsored and funded programs for women victims of violence, including shelters, counseling, hotlines, free mobile phones, and a media campaign" (19).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law prohibits domestic violence against women and men, including spousal abuse..." (18). "There are laws against child abuse, including against rape, sexual assault, corruption of a minor, trafficking, kidnapping, child prostitution, and child pornography... Penalties are generally severe" (22).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The government effectively enforced labor laws, although some children were exploited in the worst forms of child labor, including commercial sexual exploitation" (33).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: ADDL-DATA-1

"According to an IPSOS poll released October 7 conducted with victims of childhood sexual abuse, the victims’ average age is 10 years and 83 percent of victims are girls" (23).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: CUST-LAW-1

"The GREVIO report found courts rarely applied legislative mechanisms to prioritize children’s safety in custody disputes and thus did not sufficiently incorporate children’s risk of exposure to violence in custody and visitation decisions" (22).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-3

"On June 21, the junior minister of gender equality and the fight against discrimination, Marlene Schiappa, launched a national action plan to combat FGM/C, focusing on identifying risks, preventing FGM/C, and supporting female victims" (20).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"The constitution and law provide citizens the ability to choose their government through free and fair periodic elections held by secret ballot and based on universal and equal suffrage... No laws limit participation of women or minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (16).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"In January the Paris Criminal Court sentenced two police officers to seven years in prison for raping a Canadian tourist in 2014 inside police headquarters" (2). "NGOs agreed that detention conditions for women were often better than for men because overcrowding was less common" (4).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: MURDER-DATA-1

"On July 1, the High Council for Equality, an independent, consultative body, issued a statement expressing alarm over the number of femicides in the country. It highlighted 'the pathways and possible failures [in the judiciary, gendarmerie or police] that have led to the killing of 70 women since the beginning of the year.' According to NGOs such as NousToutes and Fondation des Femmes, as of December, 148 women were.killed [sic] in such crimes during the year" (19).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"In November the government’s Interministerial Agency for the Protection of Women against Violence and Combatting Human Trafficking (MIPROF) published data showing that in 2018 approximately 213,000 women older than age 18 declared they had been victims of physical or sexual violence at the hands of a partner or former partner" (18-19).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"[The new asylum and immigration bill] includes measures to strengthen the protection of girls and young men exposed to the risk of sexual mutilation" (14). "Various laws prohibit FGM/C and include extraterritorial jurisdiction, allowing authorities to prosecute FGM/C, which is punishable by up to 20 years in prison, even if it is committed outside the country, and up to 30 years if the FGM/C leads to the death of the victim. The government provided reconstructive surgery and counseling for FGM/C victims" (20). "On June 21, the junior minister of gender equality and the fight against discrimination, Marlene Schiappa, launched a national action plan to combat FGM/C, focusing on identifying risks,...more