The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Germany

Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion or involuntary sterilization" (23).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"In most cases individuals derive citizenship from their parents. The law allows individuals to obtain citizenship if they were born in the country and if one parent has been a resident for at least eight years or has had a permanent residence permit for at least three years. Parents or guardians are responsible for registering newborn children. Once government officials receive birth registration applications, they generally process them expeditiously. Parents who fail to register their child’s birth may be subject to a fine" (23). If parents are required by law to register children and are subject to fines if they fail to do so, it is unlikely that a mother...more
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, CWC-DATA-3, DV-PRACTICE-2

"The federal government, the states, and NGOs supported numerous projects to prevent and respond to cases of gender-based violence, including providing victims with greater access to medical care and legal assistance. Approximately 340 women’s shelters offering a total of 6,700 beds operated throughout the country. The NGO Central Information Agency of Autonomous Women’s Homes (ZIF) reported accessibility problems, especially in bigger cities, because women who found refuge in a shelter tended to stay there longer due to a lack of available and affordable housing. ZIF also stated refugee women are particularly vulnerable, as they are required to maintain residence in a single district for three years and many live in...more
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The Federal Ministry for Family, Seniors, Women, and Youth sponsored a number of programs throughout the year on the prevention of child abuse. The ministry sought to create networks among parents, youth services, schools, pediatricians, and courts and to support existing programs at the state and local level. Other programs provided therapy and support for adult and youth victims of sexual abuse" (23).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits commercial sexual exploitation, sale, offering, or procuring children for prostitution and practices related to child pornography, and authorities enforced the law" (24).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"In October, two police officers in Thuringia were taken into custody for raping a woman while on duty. After checking a Polish couple’s identity papers and determining they were fake, the officers drove the woman to her apartment, where they allegedly raped her. According to the public prosecutor’s office, the officers could face between three and 15 years in prison if found guilty. Police are also investigating the two officers’ past assignments to determine whether they may have committed similar crimes previously. The investigation was continuing as of November" (2-3). "The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, of men and women, and provides penalties of up to 15 years in...more
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-DATA-2

"Child and forced marriage primarily affected girls of foreign nationality. The government reported that as of March 31, there were 179 married minors in the country, a substantial decrease from 1,475 in 2016. The majority of married minor registrants were from Syria" (24).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-1

"The federal government, the states, and NGOs supported numerous projects to prevent and respond to cases of gender-based violence, including providing victims with greater access to medical care and legal assistance. Approximately 340 women’s shelters offering a total of 6,700 beds operated throughout the country. The NGO Central Information Agency of Autonomous Women’s Homes (ZIF) reported accessibility problems, especially in bigger cities, because women who found refuge in a shelter tended to stay there longer due to a lack of available and affordable housing. ZIF also stated refugee women are particularly vulnerable, as they are required to maintain residence in a single district for three years and many live in...more
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-DATA-1

"The law provides for equal pay for equal work. In March the Federal Statistical Office found the gross hourly wages of women in 2017 were on average 21 percent lower than those of men. It blamed pay differences in the sectors and occupations in which women and men were employed, as well as unequal requirements for leadership experience and other qualifications as the principal reasons for the pay gap. Women were underrepresented in highly paid managerial positions and overrepresented in some lower-wage occupations (see section 7.d.). FADA reported women were also at a disadvantage regarding promotions, often due to career interruptions for child rearing" (34).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-LAW-2

"The government accepted for resettlement and facilitated the local integration (including naturalization) of refugees who had fled their countries of origin, particularly for refugees belonging to vulnerable groups. Such groups included women with children, refugees with disabilities, victims of trafficking in persons, and victims of torture or rape. Authorities granted residence permits to long-term migrants, asylum seekers, refugees, and migrants who could not return to their countries of origin" (17).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"Men and women enjoy the same legal status and rights under the constitution, including under family, labor, religious, personal status, property, nationality, and inheritance laws. The government generally enforced the law effectively" (23).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"FGM/C of women and girls is a criminal offense punishable by one to 15 years in prison, even if performed abroad. Authorities can revoke the passports of individuals who they suspect are traveling abroad to subject a girl or woman to FGM/C; however, authorities have not taken this step since the law took effect in 2017. FGM/C affected segments of the immigrant population, in particular those from Eritrea, Iraq, Somalia, and Egypt, and their Germany-born children. A working group under the leadership of the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women, and Youth worked with other federal government bodies and all 16 states to combat FGM/C. While official statistics...more
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"...BAMF granted some form of asylum to unaccompanied minors in just 61.5 percent of cases, a sharp drop from 94.5 percent in 2016. BumF observed that some unaccompanied minors might have become victims of human trafficking…" (25). There may not be sufficient programs in place to prevent trafficking (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, of men and women, and provides penalties of up to 15 years in prison. Without a court order, officials may temporarily deny access to their household to those accused of abuse, or they may impose a restraining order. In severe cases of rape and domestic violence, authorities can prosecute individuals for assault or rape and require them to pay damages. Penalties depend on the nature of the case. The government enforced the laws effectively" (21). "The law prohibits commercial sexual exploitation, sale, offering, or procuring children for prostitution and practices related to child pornography, and authorities enforced the law. The minimum age for...more
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, of men and women, and provides penalties of up to 15 years in prison. Without a court order, officials may temporarily deny access to their household to those accused of abuse, or they may impose a restraining order. In severe cases of rape and domestic violence, authorities can prosecute individuals for assault or rape and require them to pay damages. Penalties depend on the nature of the case. The government enforced the laws effectively" (21).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes 'honor killings' as murder and provides penalties that include life in prison. The government enforced the law effectively and financed programs aimed at ending 'honor killings'" (22).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"In most cases individuals derive citizenship from their parents. The law allows individuals to obtain citizenship if they were born in the country and if one parent has been a resident for at least eight years or has had a permanent residence permit for at least three years. Parents or guardians are responsible for registering newborn children. Once government officials receive birth registration applications, they generally process them expeditiously. Parents who fail to register their child’s birth may be subject to a fine" (23).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment of women was a recognized problem and prohibited by law. Penalties include fines and prison sentences of as many as five years. Various disciplinary measures against harassment in the workplace are available, including dismissal of the perpetrator. The law requires employers to protect employees from sexual harassment. The law considers an employer’s failure to take measures to protect employees from sexual harassment to be a breach of contract, and an affected employee has the right to paid leave until the employer rectifies the problem. Unions, churches, government agencies, and NGOs operated a variety of support programs for women who experienced sexual harassment and sponsored seminars and training to...more
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits commercial sexual exploitation, sale, offering, or procuring children for prostitution and practices related to child pornography, and authorities enforced the law. The minimum age for consensual sex is 14 years unless the older partner is older than 18 and is 'exploiting a coercive situation' or offering compensation, and the younger partner is under 16. It is also illegal for a person who is 21 or older to have sex with a child younger than 16 if the older person 'exploits the victim’s lack of capacity for sexual self-determination.' The government’s Independent Commissioner for Child Sex Abuse Issues offered a sexual abuse help online portal and an anonymous...more
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"A Hamburg lawyer and former Green party state parliamentarian confirmed in February that he was representing four German families with seven children aged two to 14 who were calling on the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs for repatriation from Syria and Iraq, where they had joined the Islamic State. In April the government allowed one of the mothers to return from Iraq to Germany with her three children; the mother was promptly arrested. In November an appeals court in Berlin ruled the German government must repatriate from Syria the German wife and three children of an Islamic State member. Their lawyer said he hoped the decision would set a precedent...more
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The law provides for equal pay for equal work. In March the Federal Statistical Office found the gross hourly wages of women in 2017 were on average 21 percent lower than those of men. It blamed pay differences in the sectors and occupations in which women and men were employed, as well as unequal requirements for leadership experience and other qualifications as the principal reasons for the pay gap. Women were underrepresented in highly paid managerial positions and overrepresented in some lower-wage occupations (see section 7.d.). FADA reported women were also at a disadvantage regarding promotions, often due to career interruptions for child rearing" (34). "The law imposes a gender...more
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit the participation of women and members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (19).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The law imposes a gender quota of 30 percent for supervisory boards of certain publicly traded corporations. It also requires approximately 3,500 companies to set and publish self-determined targets for increasing the share of women in leading positions (executive boards and management) and to report on their performance. Consequently, the share of women on the supervisory boards of those companies bound by the law increased from approximately 20 percent in 2015 to more than 30 percent in 2018. The representation of women on management boards in the top 200 companies stood at 9 percent" (34-35).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"The federal government, the states, and NGOs supported numerous projects to prevent and respond to cases of gender-based violence, including providing victims with greater access to medical care and legal assistance..." (22).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"In October, two police officers in Thuringia were taken into custody for raping a woman while on duty. After checking a Polish couple’s identity papers and determining they were fake, the officers drove the woman to her apartment, where they allegedly raped her. According to the public prosecutor’s office, the officers could face between three and 15 years in prison if found guilty. Police are also investigating the two officers’ past assignments to determine whether they may have committed similar crimes previously. The investigation was continuing as of November" (2-3). "In December 2018 an off-duty police officer in Berlin raped a 24-year-old woman. Following consensual sex, the police officer asked...more
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"In 2018, 9,234 cases of sexual violence against men and women were reported to police. This is a substantial reduction from the previous year, but the federal police indicated this is due in part to a change in statistical methodology by which certain offenses previously classified as 'sexual violence' have been reclassified as 'sexual harassment'" (21). "In July a Wiesbaden court sentenced an Iraqi asylum seeker to life imprisonment for murder. The court also determined an 'exceptional severity of guilt,' meaning an early release after 15 years is highly unlikely. In June 2018 he raped and killed a 14-year-old in Wiesbaden. The suspect was also accused of twice raping an...more
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-4

"...The judge also commended a police officer who testified against her colleagues, whom she witnessed beating a detained suspect. The police officers were themselves placed under investigation, but press reported in July that the public prosecutor filed another appeal, and the case could go to trial a third time" (4). Indicates that females are recruited into the police force. In this case she was also able to testify against male colleagues (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age for marriage is 18 years. Legislation passed in 2017 nullifies existing marriages conducted in other countries in which at least one spouse was under age 16 at the time of the wedding, even if they were of legal age in the country where the marriage was performed. Individuals aged 16 or 17 can petition a judge on a case-by-case basis to recognize their foreign marriage if they face a specific hardship from not having their marriage legally recognized. Complete central statistics are unavailable on such cases" (23).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"The law criminalizes 'honor killings' as murder and provides penalties that include life in prison. The government enforced the law effectively and financed programs aimed at ending “honor killings'" The need for programs that aim to end honor killings indicates that there may be instances of the practice occuring in society (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The country adheres to the EU’s Dublin III regulation, which permits authorities to turn back or deport individuals who entered the country through 'safe countries of transit,' which include the EU member states, and Switzerland, Norway, Iceland, and Liechtenstein. 'Safe countries of origin' also include Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ghana, Kosovo, North Macedonia, Montenegro, Senegal, and Serbia. The government did not return asylum seekers to Syria. The NGO Pro Asyl pointed out that refugees who under the Dublin III regulation fell into another EU state’s responsibility but could not be returned to that country often remained in a legal gray zone. They were not allowed to work or participate in...more