The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Hungary

June 8, 2022, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

Its policies look strikingly similar to those of Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán, who recently announced measures to help mothers by rewarding those who have multiple children with tax cuts and financial subsidies.
Jan. 26, 2022, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Latvia, Lesotho, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela
Variables: IIP-SCALE-1

1.0
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage is 18. The Social and Guardianship Office may authorize marriages of persons between the ages of 16 and 18" (28).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1

"On July 17, after an official visit to the Hungary-Serbia border, UN Rapporteur Felipe Gonzalez Morales described prison-like conditions in the transit zones, with asylum seekers chained to hospital beds. Morales stated general hygiene conditions were acceptable but that medical care was insufficient. He added that doctors were available for only a couple of hours a day, and there were no gynecologists or pediatricians, even though the majority of asylum seekers were women and children. Interpreters were scarce and communication with doctors could be difficult" (19). "The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men. According to the Economist’s 2018 glass ceiling index, women...more
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"Women’s rights NGOs continued to criticize the law for not placing sufficient emphasis on the accountability of perpetrators and the tendency of authorities to blame the victims. In one case, the Appeals Court of Budapest in January sentenced a 29-year-old mother to 10 years in prison for allegedly attempting to kill the father of her child by drugging and stabbing him. The couple met in 2011, and later the relationship turned abusive. In 2016 police found each of them with multiple stab wounds. Women’s rights organizations began a petition asking for a pardon for the woman, on the grounds that she was not a perpetrator of domestic violence, but a...more
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

"Buying sexual services from a child younger than 18 is a crime punishable by up to three years in prison. Forcing a child into prostitution is a crime punishable by up to three years in prison. The law prohibits child pornography. The statute of limitations does not apply to sexual crimes against children. The government generally enforced the law. The minimum age for consensual sex is 12, provided the older partner is 18 or younger. Persons older than 18 who engage in sexual relations with a minor between the ages of 12 and 14 may be punished by one to five years’ imprisonment. By law statutory rape is a felony...more
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"The constitution and law provide citizens the ability to choose their government in periodic elections held by secret ballot and based on universal suffrage" (20).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"On July 17, after an official visit to the Hungary-Serbia border, UN Rapporteur Felipe Gonzalez Morales described prison-like conditions in the transit zones, with asylum seekers chained to hospital beds. Morales stated general hygiene conditions were acceptable but that medical care was insufficient. He added that doctors were available for only a couple of hours a day, and there were no gynecologists or pediatricians, even though the majority of asylum seekers were women and children. Interpreters were scarce and communication with doctors could be difficult" (19).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men. According to the Economist’s 2018 glass ceiling index, women held 14.5 percent of the members of company boards, based on 2017 data. Women’s rights organizations asserted that Romani women could suffer multiple forms of discrimination on the basis of gender, ethnicity, and class, and experienced barriers to equal access in education, health care, housing, employment, and justice" (26). "Observers asserted that discrimination in employment and occupation occurred with respect to Roma, women, and persons with disabilities. According to NGOs, there was economic discrimination against women in the workplace, particularly against job seekers older than 50...more
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-1

"Women’s rights NGOs continued to criticize the law for not placing sufficient emphasis on the accountability of perpetrators and the tendency of authorities to blame the victims. In one case, the Appeals Court of Budapest in January sentenced a 29-year-old mother to 10 years in prison for allegedly attempting to kill the father of her child by drugging and stabbing him. The couple met in 2011, and later the relationship turned abusive. In 2016 police found each of them with multiple stab wounds. Women’s rights organizations began a petition asking for a pardon for the woman, on the grounds that she was not a perpetrator of domestic violence, but a...more
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"An individual acquires citizenship from a parent who is a citizen. Births were registered immediately. NGOs asserted the law provides only partial safeguards against statelessness at birth because all children of foreign parents born in the country are registered on birth certificates as being of unknown nationality. In addition the NGOs claimed that children born to stateless parents or to noncitizen parents who cannot pass on their nationality to their children were in some cases born and remained stateless" (26-27).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion or involuntary sterilization" (26).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-LAW-2, LBHO-DATA-1

"No laws limit participation of women and members of minorities in the political process. Representation of women in public life, however, was very low. The ODIHR report on the 2018 elections noted, 'Women are underrepresented in political life and there are no legal requirements to promote gender equality in elections.' Following the elections, women constituted 12.5 percent of members of parliament. As of September the 12-person cabinet included two women, and 16 percent of subcabinet-level government state secretaries were women. The UN Human Rights Committee’s Sixth Periodic Report also expressed concern that women were underrepresented in decision- making positions in the public sector, particularly in government ministries and parliament" (21).more
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Ministry of Human Capacities continued to operate a 24-hour toll-free hotline for victims of domestic violence and trafficking in persons..." (26). "Law enforcement authorities arrested and prosecuted children who were the victims of sex trafficking as misdemeanor offenders. NGOs strongly criticized this practice for blaming or punishing the victim" (28).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and laws prohibit discrimination based on race, sex, gender, disability, language, sexual orientation and gender identity, infection with HIV or other communicable diseases, or social status. The labor code provides for the principles of equal treatment. The government failed to enforce these regulations effectively. Penalties were generally inadequate to deter violations" (37).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"Buying sexual services from a child younger than 18 is a crime punishable by up to three years in prison. Forcing a child into prostitution is a crime punishable by up to three years in prison. The law prohibits child pornography. The statute of limitations does not apply to sexual crimes against children. The government generally enforced the law" (28).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"The Ministry of Human Capacities continued to operate a 24-hour toll-free hotline for victims of domestic violence and trafficking in persons. The ministry also sponsored crisis centers and secret shelters for victims of domestic violence operated by civil society organizations and church institutions. The crisis centers provided immediate accommodation and care for individuals and families for up to 90 days. The secret shelters addressed the needs of severely abused women whose lives were in danger; they were allowed a maximum stay of six months at the shelters. The newest type of service was the 'crisis ambulance,' which provided mobile walk-in consultations--but not accommodation--for victims of domestic violence. NGOs criticized the...more
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Women’s rights NGOs continued to criticize the law for not placing sufficient emphasis on the accountability of perpetrators and the tendency of authorities to blame the victims. In one case, the Appeals Court of Budapest in January sentenced a 29-year-old mother to 10 years in prison for allegedly attempting to kill the father of her child by drugging and stabbing him. The couple met in 2011, and later the relationship turned abusive. In 2016 police found each of them with multiple stab wounds. Women’s rights organizations began a petition asking for a pardon for the woman, on the grounds that she was not a perpetrator of domestic violence, but a...more
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"Law enforcement authorities arrested and prosecuted children who were the victims of sex trafficking as misdemeanor offenders. NGOs strongly criticized this practice for blaming or punishing the victim" (28).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape of men or women, including spousal rape, is illegal. Although there is no crime defined as rape, the equivalent crimes are sexual coercion and sexual violence. These crimes include the exploitation of a person who is unable to express his or her will. Penalties for sexual coercion and sexual violence range from one year in prison to 15 years in aggravated cases" (25).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Services for persons under an alien policing procedure included only basic health care but not the provision of food, with the exception of children younger than 18 and pregnant or nursing mothers…" (18).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men. According to the Economist’s 2018 glass ceiling index, women held 14.5 percent of the members of company boards, based on 2017 data. Women’s rights organizations asserted that Romani women could suffer multiple forms of discrimination on the basis of gender, ethnicity, and class, and experienced barriers to equal access in education, health care, housing, employment, and justice" (26).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The criminal code includes 'violence within partnership' (domestic violence) as a separate category of offense. Regulations extend prison sentences for assault (light bodily harm) to three years, while grievous bodily harm, violation of personal freedom, or coercion may be punishable by one to five years in prison, if committed against domestic persons. By law police called to a scene of domestic violence may issue an emergency restraining order valid for three days in lieu of immediately filing charges, while courts may issue up to 60-day 'preventive restraining orders' in civil cases, without the option to extend" (25). "Efforts to combat child abuse included a 'child protection signaling system' to detect...more
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"By law harassment of a sexual nature constitutes a violation of the equal treatment principle but is not a crime" (26).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The government issued lists of 'safe countries of origin' and 'safe third countries.' Both lists included Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Kosovo. UNHCR repeatedly objected to the government’s designation of Serbia as a safe third country on the grounds that it does not have effective asylum procedures. In 2018 parliament modified the constitution to state that persons arriving in the country 'through a country where he or she was not exposed to persecution or a direct risk of persecution should not be entitled to asylum.' Parliament also amended the asylum law and restricted the right to asylum to only those persons who arrived in Hungary directly from a place where...more
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Observers asserted that discrimination in employment and occupation occurred with respect to Roma, women, and persons with disabilities. According to NGOs, there was economic discrimination against women in the workplace, particularly against job seekers older than 50 and those who were pregnant or had returned from maternity leave..." (37). This indicates that women are able to take time off of work for maternity leave but that they have difficulty reentering the workforce (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"NGOs criticized the lack of training on gender-based violence for professionals and emphasized the need for broader awareness-raising efforts among the public to encourage victims to seek assistance and report violence without stigmatization. The UN Human Rights Committee’s Sixth Periodic Report expressed concern about reports that domestic violence continued to be a persistent and underreported problem" (26).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Women’s rights NGOs continued to criticize the law for not placing sufficient emphasis on the accountability of perpetrators and the tendency of authorities to blame the victims. In one case, the Appeals Court of Budapest in January sentenced a 29-year-old mother to 10 years in prison for allegedly attempting to kill the father of her child by drugging and stabbing him. The couple met in 2011, and later the relationship turned abusive. In 2016 police found each of them with multiple stab wounds. Women’s rights organizations began a petition asking for a pardon for the woman, on the grounds that she was not a perpetrator of domestic violence, but a...more
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"NGOs noted that institutionalized children living in state care were especially vulnerable to human trafficking for prostitution and criticized the lack of special assistance for child victims of trafficking. In a report published in 2018, the ombudsman stated that one-third of children were placed in child protection care because of their families’ poor financial circumstances" (28-29).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape of men or women, including spousal rape, is illegal. Although there is no crime defined as rape, the equivalent crimes are sexual coercion and sexual violence. These crimes include the exploitation of a person who is unable to express his or her will. Penalties for sexual coercion and sexual violence range from one year in prison to 15 years in aggravated cases" (25). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 12, provided the older partner is 18 or younger. Persons older than 18 who engage in sexual relations with a minor between the ages of 12 and 14 may be punished by one to five years’ imprisonment. By law...more