The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for India

March 15, 2022, 12:33 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"Women have been enthusiastic voters in India: voter turnout among women will be higher in this year's general election than that of men. Most women say they are voting independently, without consulting their spouses and families. To make them secure, there are separate queues for women at polling stations and female police officers guarding them. Polling stations contain at least one female officer"(Para. 2-3).
March 15, 2022, 12:33 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"With a sex ratio that is skewed in favour of men, India has had a problem of missing women for a long time. Last year, a government report found that 63 million women were "missing" from India's population because the preference for sons led to sex-selective abortions and more care was given to boys. Separately, economists Shamika Ravi and Mudit Kapoor estimated that more than 65 million women - some 20% of the female electorate - were missing. This included women who were not registered to vote and women 'who were not in the population because of gross neglect' (worsening sex ratio, which reflected the gross neglect). So elections, they...more
March 15, 2022, 12:33 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: VOTE-DATA-2

"More than 660 women candidates contested the 2014 elections, up from 24 in the first election in 1951. And political parties now target women as a separate constituency, offering them cheap cooking gas, scholarships for studies and bicycles to go to college" (Para. 4). "More than 20 million missing women, analysts say, translates into 38,000 missing women voters on average in every constituency in India. In places like Uttar Pradesh, India's most populous and a key bellwether state, the figure swells to 80,000 missing women in every seat. Given that more than one in every five seats are won or lost by a margin of fewer than 38,000 votes, the...more
March 15, 2022, 12:33 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Last year, a government report found that 63 million women were "missing" from India's population because the preference for sons led to sex-selective abortions and more care was given to boys. Separately, economists Shamika Ravi and Mudit Kapoor estimated that more than 65 million women - some 20% of the female electorate - were missing. This included women who were not registered to vote and women 'who were not in the population because of gross neglect' (worsening sex ratio, which reflected the gross neglect). So elections, they said, were 'revealing the preferences or the will of a population that is artificially skewed against women'" (Para. 14). "'I have heard of...more
March 15, 2022, 12:33 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"Yet, a truly astonishing number of women - equal to the population of Sri Lanka - appear to be 'missing' from India's voters lists" (Para. 5). "In their upcoming book, The Verdict: Decoding India's Elections, poll experts Prannoy Roy and Dorab Sopariwala find that the available data on women points to this. They looked at the number of women above the age of 18 in the census, extrapolated it, and compared it to the number of women in the latest list of voters. And they found a sizeable 'shortfall' - 21 million to be exact - in the number of female voters. Three states - Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan...more
Jan. 26, 2022, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh, Brunei, Egypt, Eritrea, Fiji, India, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Qatar, South Sudan, Sudan, United Arab Emirates
Variables: IIP-SCALE-1

3.0
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"In Deoria, despite multiple letters from the district government to cease sending vulnerable women and children to a shelter operating without proper registration, three police superintendents sent at least 405 girls to the shelter over two years, where shelter employees exploited many in sex trafficking" (39). "While in bonded labor, employers reportedly subjected women to serious workplace abuses, including severe restrictions on freedom of movement and communication, sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, and sex trafficking" (45). "There were reports women and girls in the devadasi system of symbolic marriages to Hindu deities (a form of so-called 'ritual prostitution') were victims of rape or sexual abuse at the hands of priests and...more
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"According to human rights groups and media reports, between 70 and 90 percent of Dawoodi Bohras, a population of approximately one million concentrated in the states of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Delhi, practiced FGM/C" (44).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they freely participated" (37).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"On June 28, the minister for women and child development, Smriti Irani, told the lower house of parliament that 462 one-stop crisis centers for women were set up during the previous three years, including 291 since 2018. More than 220,000 women sought support from the centers. The centers provide medical, legal, counseling, and shelter services for women facing violence" (44). "A 2018 report by the Tata Institute of Social Sciences documented abuse 'varying in forms and degrees of intensity' that was reported to be prevalent in almost all 110 government-funded women- and child-care institutions surveyed in Bihar State" (52).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"In July 2018 the Supreme Court heard a public interest case seeking to ban the practice of FGM/C" (44).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Sexual harassment remained a serious problem" (46). "A study conducted by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, found home-based garment workers consisted almost entirely of women and girls from historically oppressed ethnic communities and earned approximately 10 rupees ($0.15) per hour" (55).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Doctors continued to carry out an invasive 'two-finger test' to speculate on sexual history, despite the Supreme Court’s ruling that the test violated a victim’s right to privacy" (42).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The government advocated for the return of Rohingya refugees, including potential trafficking victims, to Burma" (33). "The law does not provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government has not established a system for providing protection to refugees" (33).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"It is illegal to pay for sex with a minor, to induce a minor into prostitution or any form of 'illicit sexual intercourse,' or to sell or buy a minor for the purposes of prostitution. Violators are subject to 10 years’ imprisonment and a fine" (50).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Police sometimes worked to reconcile rape victims and their attackers; in some cases they encouraged female rape victims to marry their attackers" (42).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Nationwide protests erupted in response to the incident [where a woman was gang raped and ten her body was burned], calling for an end to violence against women, and in some cases, protesters asked for the accused to be handed over to them" (43).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2

"The number of new HIV cases decreased by 57 percent over the past decade" (57).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The constitution provides free education for all children from ages six to 14, with a compulsory education age up through age 15, but the government did not always comply with this requirement" (48).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The government has promoted female sterilization as a form of family planning for decades and, as a result, it made up 86 percent of contraceptive use in the country... The government provided monetary compensation for the wage loss, transportation costs, drugs and dressing, and follow-up visits to women accepting contraceptive methods, including voluntary sterilization" (47). "Policies penalizing families with more than two children remained in place in seven states, but some authorities did not enforce them... Certain states maintained government reservations for government jobs and subsidies for adults with no more than two children and reduced subsidies and access to health care for those who have more than two" (47).more
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"There were continued reports that police raped female and male detainees" (7). "The survivor had accused state BJP lawmaker Kuldeep Sengar of rape in 2017" (8). "Some female child soldiers reported that commanders recruited and used them in part for sexual exploitation" (17). "[T]he government claimed, based on statements of several women formerly associated with Maoist groups, that sexual violence, including rape and other forms of abuse, was a practice in some Maoist camps" (17-18). "Problems of domestic violence, sexual abuse... continued. According to NGOs, gender-based violence and sexual abuse were prevalent in the Sri Lankan refugee camps" (32). "Incidents of rape continued to be a persistent problem, including gang...more
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The law reserves one-third of the seats in local councils for women" (37).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"Absent a legal framework, the government sometimes granted asylum on a situational basis on humanitarian grounds in accordance with international law. This approach resulted in varying standards of protection for different refugee and asylum-seeker groups" (33).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ADDL-DATA-1

"4.1 percent of girls in the 11-14 age group dropped out of school in 2018, compared with 10.3 percent in 2006. For girls in the 15-16 age group, the percentage dropped to 13.5 percent in 2018 from 22.6 percent in 2006" (48).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"Problems of domestic violence... continued" (32). "Domestic violence continued to be a problem" (43).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISTD-DATA-3

"According to official government records, there were 191,493 newly diagnosed cases in 2017" (57).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Some states have laws to curb sex trafficking and sexual abuse of women and girls in temple service" (46).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"In August 2018 the minister of state for women and child development told the lower house of parliament the government allocated 29 billion rupees ($410 million) toward enhancing women’s safety in eight cities, including New Delhi, Mumbai, and Chennai. Projects included increased surveillance technology, capacity building, and awareness campaigns. In August the Tamil Nadu government began the 'Amma Patrol,' a dedicated 40-vehicle unit to provide rapid response to prevent violence against women and girls" (43-44). "In March 2018 the government announced the expansion of the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (Save the Daughter, Educate the Daughter) project in all 640 districts across the country... The government launched the program in 2015...more
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IRP-LAW-2, AW-LAW-1

"The law does not provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government has not established a system for providing protection to refugees" (33).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape in most cases, although marital rape is not illegal when the woman is older than 15" (42). "The law... sets the legal age of consent at 18" (50).