The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Iran

Sept. 13, 2021, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar, Iran, Japan, Swaziland
Variables: LRW-SCALE-12

5.0
Aug. 27, 2021, 3:13 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh, Iran, Jordan, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

“The interviews highlighted five cultural areas where being a woman and being a physicist aligned. These areas were religion, social interactions, community goals, femininity, and family life. In Muslim-majority countries, social interactions with the opposite gender are less common and less encouraged than in Western countries. The seven women were mostly educated in gender-segregated classes. As a result, they did not feel out of place in a physics setting because of their gender. The women also noted that when they did interact with men physicists, they did not feel that they had to supress their femininity to have their intellect—and not their appearance—be the focus of the interaction. They put...more
Aug. 27, 2021, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh, Iran, Jordan, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

“On family life, the interviews highlighted that the parents of all the study’s participants strongly valued learning and had high expectations of their daughters when it came to education, a factor that the women said influenced their study and career choices. The women also noted no incongruence between practicing religion and working in science, two actions that can be at odds in other cultures. In Muslim cultures, physics is seen as a subject that serves societal goals, such as advancing technology or saving humanity, which align with religious goals” (para 5).
Aug. 27, 2021, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ASR-DATA-1

"...In Muslim-majority countries, such as Iran, for example, women make up more than 60% of students studying for physics undergraduate and master’s degrees and 47% of Ph.D.s [7]…" (para 2).
Aug. 27, 2021, 3:03 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-1

"The interviews highlighted five cultural areas where being a woman and being a physicist aligned. These areas were religion, social interactions, community goals, femininity, and family life. In Muslim-majority countries, social interactions with the opposite gender are less common and less encouraged than in Western countries. The seven women were mostly educated in gender-segregated classes. As a result, they did not feel out of place in a physics setting because of their gender. The women also noted that when they did interact with men physicists, they did not feel that they had to supress their femininity to have their intellect—and not their appearance—be the focus of the interaction. They put...more
Aug. 27, 2021, 2:39 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"Female cartoon characters shown on Iranian television must now wear a hijab, Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has ruled. Khamenei said that whilst it is not necessary for the women in cartoons and anime films to have their hair covered, it is 'required' because of the consequences of not wearing a hijab" (para 1-2). "Khamenei was asked by pro-regime Tasnim News Agency whether he believed it was 'necessary to observe hijab for the characters of animated films'. He responded: 'Although wearing hijab in such a hypothetical situation is not required per se, observing hijab in animation is required due to the consequences of not wearing hijab'" (para 4-5). "Iran...more
Aug. 27, 2021, 2:39 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Female cartoon characters shown on Iranian television must now wear a hijab, Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has ruled. Khamenei said that whilst it is not necessary for the women in cartoons and anime films to have their hair covered, it is 'required' because of the consequences of not wearing a hijab" (para 1-2). "Khamenei was asked by pro-regime Tasnim News Agency whether he believed it was 'necessary to observe hijab for the characters of animated films'. He responded: 'Although wearing hijab in such a hypothetical situation is not required per se, observing hijab in animation is required due to the consequences of not wearing hijab'" (para 4-5). "Women...more
Aug. 27, 2021, 2:39 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Female cartoon characters shown on Iranian television must now wear a hijab, Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has ruled. Khamenei said that whilst it is not necessary for the women in cartoons and anime films to have their hair covered, it is 'required' because of the consequences of not wearing a hijab. Political activists in Iran have condemned the move as 'toxic', arguing that those in power are 'obsessed with the hair of female anything'" (para 1-3). "Iranian journalist and activist Masih Alinejad mocked the decision and wrote on Twitter: 'This isn't a joke! The Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran has announced women even in animations...more
Aug. 27, 2021, 2:39 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"Khamenei was asked by pro-regime Tasnim News Agency whether he believed it was 'necessary to observe hijab for the characters of animated films'. He responded: 'Although wearing hijab in such a hypothetical situation is not required per se, observing hijab in animation is required due to the consequences of not wearing hijab'" (para 4-5). "Iran has already imposed strict censorship laws on the country's film industry. Physical interactions between men and women are banned, while the discussion of controversial topics are restricted. Scenes which are deemed immoral or offensive to the regime are often censored, while films which are considered hostile to Islamic values are prohibited. Ultra-conservative figures have called...more
Aug. 27, 2021, 2:39 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Female cartoon characters shown on Iranian television must now wear a hijab, Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has ruled. Khamenei said that whilst it is not necessary for the women in cartoons and anime films to have their hair covered, it is 'required' because of the consequences of not wearing a hijab" (para 1-2). "Khamenei was asked by pro-regime Tasnim News Agency whether he believed it was 'necessary to observe hijab for the characters of animated films'. He responded: 'Although wearing hijab in such a hypothetical situation is not required per se, observing hijab in animation is required due to the consequences of not wearing hijab.' While Khamenei did...more
July 28, 2021, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MURDER-DATA-2

"Iranian media occasionally report on cases related to honor killings carried out by relatives, usually male family members, when the actions of women and girls are perceived as violating conservative traditions on love, marriage, and public behavior. It is not known how many women and girls die from such killings. In 2014, a Tehran police official reported that 20 percent of all murders in the country were 'honor' killings" (para 13-14).
July 28, 2021, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-1

"[U]nder Iran’s laws, girls can marry after the age of 13, though the average age of marriage for Iranian women is 23" (para 15).
July 28, 2021, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Iranian President Hassan Rohani has called for harsher laws to tackle so-called 'honor killings' after the particularly shocking slaying of a teenage girl, allegedly by her father, prompted a nationwide outcry. Rohani on May 27 pushed for the speedy adoption of relevant bills, some which have apparently circulated for years among various Iranian decision-making bodies without any tangible results" (para 1-2). "Local media reported that the teenager was beheaded while she slept by her father, who used a farming sickle...Although Romina reportedly told police she would be in danger at home and feared for her life, the girl was handed over to her father as required by Iranian laws...Under current...more
July 28, 2021, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MURDER-DATA-1

"The call comes after 13-year-old Romina Ashrafi was killed last week in Hovigh, some 320 kilometers northwest of Tehran. Local media reported that the teenager was beheaded while she slept by her father, who used a farming sickle.The father, Reza Ashrafi, was said to be enraged after Romina fled the family home to marry a 35-year-old man she loved. Both of their families complained to the authorities, and security forces detained Romina and her boyfriend, Bahamn Khavari, following a five-day hunt. Although Romina reportedly told police she would be in danger at home and feared for her life, the girl was handed over to her father as required by Iranian...more
July 28, 2021, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"The call comes after 13-year-old Romina Ashrafi was killed last week in Hovigh, some 320 kilometers northwest of Tehran. Local media reported that the teenager was beheaded while she slept by her father, who used a farming sickle...Under current law, her father faces a prison sentence of up to 10 years if convicted. According to the Islamic Penal Code, he was Romina's 'guardian,' so he is exempt from 'retaliation in kind,' meaning the death penalty in this case" (para 3-4, 11-12). "Iranian media occasionally report on cases related to honor killings carried out by relatives, usually male family members, when the actions of women and girls are perceived as violating...more
July 28, 2021, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Local media reported that the teenager was beheaded while she slept by her father, who used a farming sickle.The father, Reza Ashrafi, was said to be enraged after Romina fled the family home to marry a 35-year-old man she loved" (para 4-5). "Iranian media occasionally report on cases related to honor killings carried out by relatives, usually male family members, when the actions of women and girls are perceived as violating conservative traditions on love, marriage, and public behavior. It is not known how many women and girls die from such killings" (para 13).
July 28, 2021, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Iranian President Hassan Rohani has called for harsher laws to tackle so-called 'honor killings' after the particularly shocking slaying of a teenage girl, allegedly by her father, prompted a nationwide outcry. Rohani on May 27 pushed for the speedy adoption of relevant bills, some which have apparently circulated for years among various Iranian decision-making bodies without any tangible results. The call comes after 13-year-old Romina Ashrafi was killed last week in Hovigh, some 320 kilometers northwest of Tehran" (para 1-3).
July 13, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3

"Iran's disability laws do not address violence against women with disabilities." In the video, at 0:33, these words are written on the screen (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
July 13, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"17% of girls in Iran marry before age 18." In the video, at 0:17, these words are written on the screen (SFR CODER COMMENT).
July 13, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Minority women in Iran face severe employment discrimination." In the video, at 1:02, these words appear on the screen (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
July 13, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Women and girls continue to be treated as second class citizens in Iran, a UN expert says in a report to the Human Rights Council, citing... thousands of marriages of girls aged between 10 and 14 each year" (para 1). "By law, a girl as young as 13 years can marry, while girls even younger can legally marry with judicial and paternal consent. In the first half of the current Iranian calendar year, over 16,000 girls aged between 10 and 14 years have married, according to official Government figures" (para 4). "Child marriage is legal in Iran. Girls can be married under age 13 with the permission of their father...more
July 13, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The girls are vulnerable to trafficking for forced labor and the sex trade." In the video, at 0:22, these words are written on the screen (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
July 13, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Women and girls continue to be treated as second class citizens in Iran, a UN expert says in a report to the Human Rights Council, citing... thousands of marriages of girls aged between 10 and 14 each year" (para 1). "'One of the most concerning issues in Iran today when it comes to the rights of women and girls is the issue of child marriage,' Javaid Rehman, the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran" (para 2). "By law, a girl as young as 13 years can marry, while girls even younger can legally marry with judicial and paternal consent. In the first...more
July 13, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-2

"According to Iran's Penal Code, women's homosexuality is punishable by up to 100 lashes. As a result, LGBTQ women have no access to legal remedy for violence committed against them." This excerpt occurs at 0:52-0:57 in the video as words on the screen, and this violence could be in the form of attacks (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
July 13, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"Iran's disability laws do not address violence against women with disabilities." At 0:34, these words appear on the screen (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
July 13, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"By law, a girl as young as 13 years can marry, while girls even younger can legally marry with judicial and paternal consent. In the first half of the current Iranian calendar year, over 16,000 girls aged between 10 and 14 years have married, according to official Government figures" (para 4). "Child marriage is legal in Iran. Girls can be married under age 13 with the permission of their father and the court." In the video, at 0:10-0:15, these words are written on the screen (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
July 13, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Women from the Baha'i religious community are frequently banned from university education." In the video, at 1:11, these words are written on the screen (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
July 13, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The report also highlighted serious concerns regarding domestic violence. Some positive steps are noted, such as a law against acid attacks" (para 6). "'Existing protections against violence are insufficient to comprehensively safeguard women and children. I acknowledge that the anti-violence bill before parliament provides some positive measures, but as my report details, it does not go far enough. I urge for further improvements to the bill before it is enforced and to extend support services for women and children who experience domestic violence,' Rehman said" (para 7).
July 13, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, SEGI-PRACTICE-1, SEGI-PRACTICE-3

"State targeting of these individuals for exercising fundamental freedoms also continues, including Yasaman Aryani, Monireh Arabshahi and Mojgan Keshavarz, who are imprisoned for protesting against compulsory veiling laws on International Women’s Day 2019" (para 12).
July 9, 2021, 10:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"A female Iranian chess referee has said she fears returning to her country after a picture of her was published which appeared to show her not wearing a headscarf at the World Championships in Shanghai. Shohreh Bayat, 32, who is chief arbiter for the 2020 Women's World Chess Championships being shared between China and Russia, fears returning to Iran as she believes she could be imprisoned for flouting Islamic law[...]'There are many people in prison in Iran because of the headscarf. It's a very serious issue. Maybe they'd want to make an example of me'"(para 1,2,7).