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Latest items for Iran

March 19, 2022, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"[W]hile Iran’s leadership does support the hijab rule, Hojjatoleslam Behnam Delrish, the secretary of the headquarters for the group that enforces such rulings, condemned the attack. 'Yesterday’s behavior is the wrong behavior,' he told Ilna"(para 4).
March 19, 2022, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1

"Two women are in critical condition after an angry driver targeted them on a busy street in northwestern Iran because they were not wearing full hijab head coverings, according to Iran’s Labor News Agency Ilna. The vehicular assailant reportedly first yelled at the women that they were being 'un-Islamic' because he did not think they were sufficiently well-covered. All females over the age of 9 are required to cover their heads and curves after Iran’s 1979 Islamic Revolution, but it is increasingly common for women in Iran’s larger cities to defy the ruling"(para 1, 2).
March 19, 2022, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"Iran is notoriously easy on crimes against women. In 2019, a bill meant to provide greater protections was heavily criticized by the Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI), which said it 'does not provide effective and sufficient guarantees to protect women against violence and, in many cases, promotes and supports stereotypical, discriminatory, and sexist views toward women'"(para 7).
March 19, 2022, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"[T]he group said the bill, which did eventually pass, did not clearly define the term “violence” or “domestic violence” as punishable crimes. Nor did it provide for the removal of victims from their abusers. The bill also requires women who file complaints against their abusers to go through a one-month reconciliation process before court proceedings can begin in case the dispute can be resolved outside the judicial system"(para 8).
March 19, 2022, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"[T]he group also condemned the absence of any measure for an abused woman to get a divorce on the grounds of abuse until and unless her husband is convicted three times" (para 8).
March 19, 2022, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-1

"Also, drama makers have been warned that men should not be shown serving women tea in scenes involving a workplace, while women must not wear leather gloves" (para 2).These rules suggests that women are expected to be submissive and the focus on stereotyping women and men even in the workplace (ST-CODER COMMENT).
March 19, 2022, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"New Iranian censorship rules have banned TV makers in the Islamic Republic from showing women eating pizza on screen, according to opposition sources" (para 1). "Also, drama makers have been warned that men should not be shown serving women tea in scenes involving a workplace, while women must not wear leather gloves. According to IranWire, government officials have issued the new guidelines to broadcasters and film makers following a recent audit" (para 2,3). "The website said Amir Hossein Shamshadi, the head of PR at the Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting, also ruled that women should not be shown on screen drinking any red-coloured beverages. Sandwiches are also on the list....more
March 19, 2022, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Also, drama makers have been warned that men should not be shown serving women tea in scenes involving a workplace, while women must not wear leather gloves. According to IranWire, government officials have issued the new guidelines to broadcasters and film makers following a recent audit"(para 2,3).
Jan. 26, 2022, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Burma/Myanmar, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Nepal, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Syria, Yemen
Variables: IIP-SCALE-1

4.0
Sept. 13, 2021, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar, Iran, Japan, Swaziland
Variables: LRW-SCALE-12

5.0
Aug. 27, 2021, 3:13 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh, Iran, Jordan, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

“The interviews highlighted five cultural areas where being a woman and being a physicist aligned. These areas were religion, social interactions, community goals, femininity, and family life. In Muslim-majority countries, social interactions with the opposite gender are less common and less encouraged than in Western countries. The seven women were mostly educated in gender-segregated classes. As a result, they did not feel out of place in a physics setting because of their gender. The women also noted that when they did interact with men physicists, they did not feel that they had to supress their femininity to have their intellect—and not their appearance—be the focus of the interaction. They put...more
Aug. 27, 2021, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh, Iran, Jordan, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

“On family life, the interviews highlighted that the parents of all the study’s participants strongly valued learning and had high expectations of their daughters when it came to education, a factor that the women said influenced their study and career choices. The women also noted no incongruence between practicing religion and working in science, two actions that can be at odds in other cultures. In Muslim cultures, physics is seen as a subject that serves societal goals, such as advancing technology or saving humanity, which align with religious goals” (para 5).
Aug. 27, 2021, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ASR-DATA-1

"...In Muslim-majority countries, such as Iran, for example, women make up more than 60% of students studying for physics undergraduate and master’s degrees and 47% of Ph.D.s [7]…" (para 2).
Aug. 27, 2021, 3:03 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-1

"The interviews highlighted five cultural areas where being a woman and being a physicist aligned. These areas were religion, social interactions, community goals, femininity, and family life. In Muslim-majority countries, social interactions with the opposite gender are less common and less encouraged than in Western countries. The seven women were mostly educated in gender-segregated classes. As a result, they did not feel out of place in a physics setting because of their gender. The women also noted that when they did interact with men physicists, they did not feel that they had to supress their femininity to have their intellect—and not their appearance—be the focus of the interaction. They put...more
Aug. 27, 2021, 2:39 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"Female cartoon characters shown on Iranian television must now wear a hijab, Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has ruled. Khamenei said that whilst it is not necessary for the women in cartoons and anime films to have their hair covered, it is 'required' because of the consequences of not wearing a hijab" (para 1-2). "Khamenei was asked by pro-regime Tasnim News Agency whether he believed it was 'necessary to observe hijab for the characters of animated films'. He responded: 'Although wearing hijab in such a hypothetical situation is not required per se, observing hijab in animation is required due to the consequences of not wearing hijab'" (para 4-5). "Iran...more
Aug. 27, 2021, 2:39 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Female cartoon characters shown on Iranian television must now wear a hijab, Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has ruled. Khamenei said that whilst it is not necessary for the women in cartoons and anime films to have their hair covered, it is 'required' because of the consequences of not wearing a hijab" (para 1-2). "Khamenei was asked by pro-regime Tasnim News Agency whether he believed it was 'necessary to observe hijab for the characters of animated films'. He responded: 'Although wearing hijab in such a hypothetical situation is not required per se, observing hijab in animation is required due to the consequences of not wearing hijab'" (para 4-5). "Women...more
Aug. 27, 2021, 2:39 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Female cartoon characters shown on Iranian television must now wear a hijab, Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has ruled. Khamenei said that whilst it is not necessary for the women in cartoons and anime films to have their hair covered, it is 'required' because of the consequences of not wearing a hijab. Political activists in Iran have condemned the move as 'toxic', arguing that those in power are 'obsessed with the hair of female anything'" (para 1-3). "Iranian journalist and activist Masih Alinejad mocked the decision and wrote on Twitter: 'This isn't a joke! The Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran has announced women even in animations...more
Aug. 27, 2021, 2:39 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"Khamenei was asked by pro-regime Tasnim News Agency whether he believed it was 'necessary to observe hijab for the characters of animated films'. He responded: 'Although wearing hijab in such a hypothetical situation is not required per se, observing hijab in animation is required due to the consequences of not wearing hijab'" (para 4-5). "Iran has already imposed strict censorship laws on the country's film industry. Physical interactions between men and women are banned, while the discussion of controversial topics are restricted. Scenes which are deemed immoral or offensive to the regime are often censored, while films which are considered hostile to Islamic values are prohibited. Ultra-conservative figures have called...more
Aug. 27, 2021, 2:39 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Female cartoon characters shown on Iranian television must now wear a hijab, Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has ruled. Khamenei said that whilst it is not necessary for the women in cartoons and anime films to have their hair covered, it is 'required' because of the consequences of not wearing a hijab" (para 1-2). "Khamenei was asked by pro-regime Tasnim News Agency whether he believed it was 'necessary to observe hijab for the characters of animated films'. He responded: 'Although wearing hijab in such a hypothetical situation is not required per se, observing hijab in animation is required due to the consequences of not wearing hijab.' While Khamenei did...more
July 28, 2021, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MURDER-DATA-2

"Iranian media occasionally report on cases related to honor killings carried out by relatives, usually male family members, when the actions of women and girls are perceived as violating conservative traditions on love, marriage, and public behavior. It is not known how many women and girls die from such killings. In 2014, a Tehran police official reported that 20 percent of all murders in the country were 'honor' killings" (para 13-14).
July 28, 2021, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-1

"[U]nder Iran’s laws, girls can marry after the age of 13, though the average age of marriage for Iranian women is 23" (para 15).
July 28, 2021, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Iranian President Hassan Rohani has called for harsher laws to tackle so-called 'honor killings' after the particularly shocking slaying of a teenage girl, allegedly by her father, prompted a nationwide outcry. Rohani on May 27 pushed for the speedy adoption of relevant bills, some which have apparently circulated for years among various Iranian decision-making bodies without any tangible results" (para 1-2). "Local media reported that the teenager was beheaded while she slept by her father, who used a farming sickle...Although Romina reportedly told police she would be in danger at home and feared for her life, the girl was handed over to her father as required by Iranian laws...Under current...more
July 28, 2021, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MURDER-DATA-1

"The call comes after 13-year-old Romina Ashrafi was killed last week in Hovigh, some 320 kilometers northwest of Tehran. Local media reported that the teenager was beheaded while she slept by her father, who used a farming sickle.The father, Reza Ashrafi, was said to be enraged after Romina fled the family home to marry a 35-year-old man she loved. Both of their families complained to the authorities, and security forces detained Romina and her boyfriend, Bahamn Khavari, following a five-day hunt. Although Romina reportedly told police she would be in danger at home and feared for her life, the girl was handed over to her father as required by Iranian...more
July 28, 2021, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"The call comes after 13-year-old Romina Ashrafi was killed last week in Hovigh, some 320 kilometers northwest of Tehran. Local media reported that the teenager was beheaded while she slept by her father, who used a farming sickle...Under current law, her father faces a prison sentence of up to 10 years if convicted. According to the Islamic Penal Code, he was Romina's 'guardian,' so he is exempt from 'retaliation in kind,' meaning the death penalty in this case" (para 3-4, 11-12). "Iranian media occasionally report on cases related to honor killings carried out by relatives, usually male family members, when the actions of women and girls are perceived as violating...more
July 28, 2021, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Local media reported that the teenager was beheaded while she slept by her father, who used a farming sickle.The father, Reza Ashrafi, was said to be enraged after Romina fled the family home to marry a 35-year-old man she loved" (para 4-5). "Iranian media occasionally report on cases related to honor killings carried out by relatives, usually male family members, when the actions of women and girls are perceived as violating conservative traditions on love, marriage, and public behavior. It is not known how many women and girls die from such killings" (para 13).
July 28, 2021, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Iranian President Hassan Rohani has called for harsher laws to tackle so-called 'honor killings' after the particularly shocking slaying of a teenage girl, allegedly by her father, prompted a nationwide outcry. Rohani on May 27 pushed for the speedy adoption of relevant bills, some which have apparently circulated for years among various Iranian decision-making bodies without any tangible results. The call comes after 13-year-old Romina Ashrafi was killed last week in Hovigh, some 320 kilometers northwest of Tehran" (para 1-3).
July 13, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3

"Iran's disability laws do not address violence against women with disabilities." In the video, at 0:33, these words are written on the screen (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
July 13, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"17% of girls in Iran marry before age 18." In the video, at 0:17, these words are written on the screen (SFR CODER COMMENT).
July 13, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Minority women in Iran face severe employment discrimination." In the video, at 1:02, these words appear on the screen (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
July 13, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Women and girls continue to be treated as second class citizens in Iran, a UN expert says in a report to the Human Rights Council, citing... thousands of marriages of girls aged between 10 and 14 each year" (para 1). "By law, a girl as young as 13 years can marry, while girls even younger can legally marry with judicial and paternal consent. In the first half of the current Iranian calendar year, over 16,000 girls aged between 10 and 14 years have married, according to official Government figures" (para 4). "Child marriage is legal in Iran. Girls can be married under age 13 with the permission of their father...more