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Latest items for Iraq

Sept. 13, 2021, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Malaysia, Maldives, Mexico, Nigeria, Palestine, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Yemen
Variables: LRW-SCALE-12

6.0
Aug. 12, 2021, 11:44 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"In Iraq, the proportion of informal workers is 52% of the total labor (48% for women), the majority of whom are waged workers in the informal sector. With the expansion of employment in the public sector after the war to more than 41% (50% for women), the proportion of informal labor outside the civil service rises to 88% (96% for women)" (4). "For females, only Mauritania and Sudan keep high rates of self-employment (44% and 32%)... with the lowest percentages in Jordan and Iraq (2%)" (8). "These results are also different from those known on women's informal labor in the MENA countries, which account for 35% of women's informal non-agricultural...more
Aug. 12, 2021, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"The proportion of unwaged family contributing women reaches 46% of all women's labor in Morocco,... while Egypt (18%), Iraq (13%) and Syria (12%) see significant percentages" (9). Thus, 10,402 workers employed within 5,535 households [in Iraq] were surveyed, and the percentage of household workers was highest in rural areas and in Qadisiyah and Karbala governorates. The number of family waged workers did not exceed 1%, while housewives looking after this sector accounted for 36% of the total" (15).
July 26, 2021, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Islamist parties in the Iraqi parliament are pushing an amendment to the personal status law that would allow men to marry girls as young as 9. Human rights activists decried the proposal, which would transfer civil matters to the jurisdiction of clerics" (para 1).
July 26, 2021, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"The proposed legislation also contradicts recommendations of a committee charged with ensuring the application of a UN international treaty known as the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, which was adopted in 1979. Finally, critics say the proposal would violate UN Security Council Resolution 1325 and the national plan to implement the resolution, which requires all discriminatory legislation against women to be amended" (para 7).
July 26, 2021, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Islamist parties in the Iraqi parliament are pushing an amendment to the personal status law that would allow men to marry girls as young as 9. Human rights activists decried the proposal, which would transfer civil matters to the jurisdiction of clerics" (para 1). "The proposed amendment basically shakes the foundations of the old law. The bill indicates that when issuing decisions on personal status issues, the court should follow the rulings of religious scholars for Sunni or Shiite sects, depending on the husband's faith. The Scholars' Congregation at the Shiite Endowment Diwan undertakes answering the court's questions per the common Shiite jurisprudence. In its absence, the Supreme Religious Authority...more
July 26, 2021, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"'We are completely against and oppose the idea of children marrying adults,' she said. 'And let's remember, it was not that long ago that we called out the depravity of [the Islamic State] for taking child prisoners, child brides, and the sort. Some of this will be an internal Iraqi matter, but we remain firmly opposed to the idea that any adult would attempt to marry a child in that fashion'" (para 3). "He said, 'It gives women and families Islamic rights and grants each individual the freedom to choose the religious provisions in their sect. The bill also limits the number of marriages [that have been] happening outside courts...more
July 26, 2021, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"National Iraqi Alliance parliament member Hamed al-Khodari submitted the amendment bill Nov. 2. A more extreme version of the proposal was withdrawn in 2014 because of public pressure, and public anger is even more intense this time. The United Nations Assistance Mission in Iraq (UNAMI) voiced its concerns and encouraged 'widening the scope of consultations about the amendment … to ensure the respect and protection of women's rights'" (para 2). "During a Nov. 9 briefing, US State Department spokesperson Heather Nauert condemned the proposal. 'We are completely against and oppose the idea of children marrying adults,' she said. 'And let's remember, it was not that long ago that we called...more
July 26, 2021, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-2

"National Iraqi Alliance parliament member Hamed al-Khodari submitted the amendment bill Nov. 2. A more extreme version of the proposal was withdrawn in 2014 because of public pressure, and public anger is even more intense this time. The United Nations Assistance Mission in Iraq (UNAMI) voiced its concerns and encouraged 'widening the scope of consultations about the amendment … to ensure the respect and protection of women's rights'" (para 2). "Despite the civil opposition and the UNAMI, which have called for further consultations, the Islamic current seems bent on moving forward with the amendment. It will try to implement Sharia as long as the Iraqi Constitution continues to allow for...more
July 26, 2021, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Islamist parties in the Iraqi parliament are pushing an amendment to the personal status law that would allow men to marry girls as young as 9. Human rights activists decried the proposal, which would transfer civil matters to the jurisdiction of clerics...The proposed amendment basically shakes the foundations of the old law. The bill indicates that when issuing decisions on personal status issues, the court should follow the rulings of religious scholars for Sunni or Shiite sects, depending on the husband's faith. The Scholars' Congregation at the Shiite Endowment Diwan undertakes answering the court's questions per the common Shiite jurisprudence. In its absence, the Supreme Religious Authority in Najaf is...more
July 26, 2021, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"Critics say the proposed amendment would breach the constitution's principles of separation of powers and judicial independence. The amendment would also contradict Article 14 of the constitution, which says all Iraqis are equal before the law, without any discrimination based on gender, race, ethnicity, nationality, origin, color, religion, sect, belief, opinion or economic or social status" (para 6). "Sarsam added, 'The amendment bill aims at enslaving Iraqi women and taking the country back to a primitive era. It contains constitutional and legal violations, mainly discriminating against Iraqis based on sect or belief, establishing a religious state and fighting the civil current'" (para 15).
July 16, 2021, 11:55 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"There are cemeteries like this in several parts of the Kurdish region of northern Iraq, full of the unmarked graves of women and girls who have been murdered by male relatives in the name of 'honour.' There are moves to address the existence of these graves. Through the efforts of grassroots women’s rights organisations in the semi-autonomous Kurdish region, such as the Sofia Society, attention is starting to focus on the issue of 'honour crimes'(para 8,10).
July 16, 2021, 11:55 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"There are many women in political positions in the KRG. The head of the Kurdistan Regional Parliament and Ministry of Social Affairs are women, as well as the entire Council of Women’s Affairs. There is a 30-percent quota for female members of parliament, and numerous women’s rights organisations and NGOs are supported by the government"(para 15).
July 16, 2021, 11:55 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"According to Talabani[the deputy prime minister of the Kurdistan Regional Government], the unmarked graves may also have served to protect the perpetrators because the victims were buried before a police investigation can take place and no one except the killer or killers know where the bodies lie.However, he insists there is “robust legislation” in place to protect women. “We have a brave and active directorate to combat violence against women and families. A hotline for victims of gender-based violence to contact to anonymously report crimes, which are swiftly acted upon, and even a newly established anti-trafficking department to stop the spread of human and child trafficking"(para 61,62).
July 16, 2021, 11:55 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-1

"Group members say libraries in the Kurdish region are considered a largely male environment and are far from female-friendly. 'Many young girls are desperate for books,' explains Ferah[Name has been changed to protect anonymity], a member of Sofia. 'We are keen to meet this demand because we know that many will read in secret.'I was told many families forbid girls to read in libraries because they think they may rebel against patriarchal norms. 'How can we be free when this basic right is denied us,' asks Ferah"(para 24,25).
July 16, 2021, 11:55 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"But the law does not always help women. For example, a male relative can demand that a woman who escaped domestic violence be released by the shelter into their 'care' – often putting them at risk of death.A woman who works at a shelter on the outskirts of Erbil, who wished to remain anonymous, told me: 'We take in these girls and try to protect them. But the men – brothers, cousins and even fathers – that want to kill them are given permission by the attitudes in society. We are seen as whores for defending them, and we are scared for our lives'"(para 67,68).
July 16, 2021, 11:55 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"In 2018, university graduate Solina Eve attended a job interview at a women’s development NGO in Duhok, KRG, during which she said she was sexually assaulted by the manager, Mohammed Amin Hero.Later that day, Hero called her and asked her to return to his office. Expecting an apology, Eve returned with friends who waited outside. As soon as she entered his office, Eve said she was assaulted again. She lashed out in self-defence and Hero reported her to the police.Eve sued Hero but subsequently lost her case and was arrested for assaulting him, as well as alleged blackmail because Hero claimed she had gone to his place of work to...more
July 16, 2021, 11:55 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"Naza[Name has been changed to protect anonymity] is visiting her daughter’s grave in an unmarked section of a cemetery in Sulaymaniyah, in the Kurdish region of northern Iraq. She goes there in secret – the girl’s death has been shrouded in a veil of family shame, so much so that her grave is unmarked.The reason? 'My beautiful girl was killed by her cousin when she refused to marry him,' Naza says.'Nothing happened to him. The police took his word that he was innocent. Then, because the elders said she had brought disgrace, they put her in a grave with no name, no headstone, as if she had never existed.' Naza...more
July 16, 2021, 11:55 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"'After a woman is killed, the media and television in Kurdistan spread propaganda making out that she deserved to die, blaming the victim for her death,' says Talabani[the deputy prime minister of the Kurdistan Regional Government]. 'She can no longer defend herself and it helps the perpetrators escape justice'"(para 70).
July 16, 2021, 11:55 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"'In Kurdistan, poor women would rather put up with the violence than leave and have no support,' she explained. 'If you are a mother of three kids, you can’t afford to leave because the state does not require him to support you'"(para 74).
July 16, 2021, 11:55 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-1

"This was when I got to know the Sofia Society – the event organisers – a group of about 40 young Kurdish feminists founded in 2016 by Lanje Khawe, a lawyer in her late 20s. The event was attended by hundreds of women and men, including Deputy Prime Minister Talabani.The Sofia Society was founded with the primary aim of increasing literacy among girls and young women in small towns and villages in the area. Sofia activists travel on bicycles, often for many miles, to reach girls living in the most secluded areas"(para 22,23).
July 16, 2021, 11:55 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"In 2017, the Sofia Society, active in a number of cities across the Kurdish region, ran a social media campaign against sexual harassment, calling on women to share photos of themselves to defy the culture of online abuse. The hashtag #Kurdistanwomenpower was used by hundreds of women"(para 26).
June 29, 2021, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The total number of female civil servants, policewomen and officers working at the Ministry of Interior has reached 12,070, according to ministry sources... The Police Academy confirmed the graduation of 158 female police officers between 2011 and 2017 and said that 25 more are to graduate in next July. Of note, women have only been allowed to take part in four of the academy’s 66 sessions held to date. However, 170 female officers have graduated from the Interior Ministry's Higher Institute for Security and Administrative Development with higher diplomas in security sciences since 2011, and 50 women, including 25 who hold doctorates or master's degrees, are now completing their studies...more
June 29, 2021, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Capt. Nasreen Abdul Aima, who works at the Baghdad Police Command and previously served as an investigating officer at the Family Protection Directorate, told Al-Monitor, 'When I worked as an investigating officer, I used to write reports for battered women who showed up to complain about their husbands. Once husbands were brought in and [they] found out that the report was drafted by a woman and that the investigating officer was also a woman, they took it personally. But today things are starting to change'" (para 20).
June 29, 2021, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: EWCMS-DATA-4

"The Police Academy confirmed the graduation of 158 female police officers between 2011 and 2017 and said that 25 more are to graduate in next July. Of note, women have only been allowed to take part in four of the academy’s 66 sessions held to date" (para 8).
June 29, 2021, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-4

"[Baghdad] — As in many places, women who work in law enforcement in Iraq have yet to achieve equality with their male counterparts, but they're making progress. The Rescue Directorate of the Ministry of Interior deployed Nov. 17 a group of policewomen to patrol the streets of Baghdad and monitor the gates of girls’ schools, colleges, institutes and markets in a bid to combat harassment in public places" (para 1-2). "The Police Academy confirmed the graduation of 158 female police officers between 2011 and 2017 and said that 25 more are to graduate in next July. Of note, women have only been allowed to take part in four of the...more
June 29, 2021, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"First Lt. Sulaf Kazem Jaber, who works in the Adhamiya Traffic Section, performs her daily job on the street wearing her official uniform. She shared with Al-Monitor how the community’s perception of her work as a policewoman has changed since she began working for the traffic police in 2008. 'During the first year of my work, my colleagues and I faced many difficulties and were looked down upon. Today, people have become accustomed to our presence on the street and have started treating us with greater respect,' she said" (para 3-4). "Ibrahim told Al-Monitor that the attitudes of some of her males colleagues are among her greatest challenges, as many...more
June 29, 2021, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Capt. Shaimaa Ali Ibrahim, head of the Women's Division at the Community Police Directorate, was among the first to graduate from the institute in 2011 and is set to be promoted to a higher rank next year" (para 10).
June 29, 2021, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"The Rescue Directorate of the Ministry of Interior deployed Nov. 17 a group of policewomen to patrol the streets of Baghdad and monitor the gates of girls’ schools, colleges, institutes and markets in a bid to combat harassment in public places. That's just one aspect of their jobs" (para 2). "In addition to patrols and problem solving, Ibrahim and her Community Police colleagues conduct awareness seminars for girls in schools to warn them of the risks of electronic harassment, threats and cyberextortion and make sure they know the harassment law provisions" (para 18).
June 29, 2021, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"'Our [male] colleagues are very considerate of our situation. They exempt us from night guarding missions to help us spend as much time as possible with our children,' she added" (para 5). "The Rescue and Traffic Directorates and the Community and Domestic Violence Police work under the umbrella of the Ministry of Interior and include a significant number of women, most of whom are required to patrol the streets" (para 6). "The total number of female civil servants, policewomen and officers working at the Ministry of Interior has reached 12,070, according to ministry sources... The Police Academy confirmed the graduation of 158 female police officers between 2011 and 2017 and...more