The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Israel

Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the possession of child pornography (by downloading) and accessing such material (by streaming). Authorities enforced the law" (39).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"While at the beginning of the year the 120-member Knesset had 35 female members... at year’s end, following two elections, the Knesset had 28 women" (29-30).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The absence of BWAs for foreign caregivers and additional migrant workers not covered by BWAs led to continuing widespread abuses and exploitative working conditions, including excessive recruitment fees, false employment contracts, and lack of legal protections related to housing, nonpayment of wages, physical and sexual violence, and harassment" (52).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The law allows a Jewish woman or man to initiate divorce proceedings, and both the husband and wife must give consent to make the divorce final. Sometimes a husband makes divorce contingent on his wife conceding to demands, such as those relating to property ownership or child custody... In rare cases Jewish women refused to grant men divorces, but this has a lesser effect on a husband under Jewish law. Rabbinical courts sometimes sanctioned a husband who refused to give his wife a divorce, while also declining to grant the divorce without his consent. A Muslim woman may petition for and receive a divorce through the sharia courts without her...more
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Some Palestinian girls were coerced by their families into marrying older men who were Arab citizens of Israel, according to government and NGO sources" (38).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"[The law] also requires social service employees, medical and education professionals, and other officials to report indications that minors were victims of, engaged in, or coerced into prostitution, sexual offenses, abandonment, neglect, assault, abuse, or human trafficking" (38).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children derive citizenship at birth if at least one parent is a citizen regardless of whether they are born inside or outside of the country... If one of the parents is an Israeli citizen and the other is not, the child may be registered as Israeli as long as he or she lives with the parent who is an Israeli citizen or permanent resident" (36).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"According to government officials and NGOs, some Eritrean women entered prostitution or survival sex arrangements in which a woman lives with several men and receives shelter in exchange for sex" (27).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"[T]he decision on entering municipal parks, which are a shared public space, cannot be made on the basis of religion, nationality, country of origin, gender, sexual orientation, or any other inherent characteristic" (46).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"In some ultra-Orthodox neighborhoods, private organizations posted 'modesty signs' demanding women obscure themselves from public view to avoid distracting devout men" (35).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is a felony" (33). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 16. Consensual sexual relations with a minor between the ages of 14 and 16 constitute statutory rape punishable by five years’ imprisonment" (39).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is a felony punishable by 16 years’ imprisonment. Rape under aggravated circumstances or rape committed against a relative is punishable by 20 years’ imprisonment" (33).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"According to the amendment, men who kill their partners after abusing them are to be charged with 'murder under aggravated circumstances' with a sentence of life imprisonment" (33).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"The law allows a Jewish woman or man to initiate divorce proceedings, and both the husband and wife must give consent to make the divorce final... A Muslim woman may petition for and receive a divorce through the sharia courts without her husband’s consent under certain conditions. A marriage contract may provide for other circumstances in which she may obtain a divorce without his consent... Druze divorces are performed by an oral declaration of the husband alone and then registered through the Druze religious courts" (35).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The law sets the minimum age of marriage at 18 years, with some exceptions for minors due to pregnancy and for couples older than age 16 if the court permitted it due to unique circumstances" (38).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"The Central Bureau of Statistics reported approximately 15,000 women were victims of sex offenses in 2018, including indecent acts, attempted rape, and rape" (33).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"Palestinian residents of the West Bank who claimed to be in a life-threatening situation due to their sexual orientation or other reasons, such as domestic violence, did not have access to the asylum system in Israel" (25).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"During the year the government also implemented an agreement with the Philippines to employ caregivers and domestic workers" (52).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The government subsidizes day-care and after-school programs to encourage labor participation by mothers" (34).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The number of requests to the Association for Rape Crisis Centers for assistance related to rape in 2018 was 8 percent higher than in 2017" (33). "[W]omen from certain Orthodox Jewish, Muslim, and Druze communities faced significant social pressure not to report rape or domestic abuse" (34). "[The law] also requires social service employees, medical and education professionals, and other officials to report indications that minors were victims of, engaged in, or coerced into prostitution, sexual offenses, abandonment, neglect, assault, abuse, or human trafficking" (38).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The law requires employers to deduct 20 percent of irregular migrants’ salaries for deposit in a special fund and adds another 16 percent from the employer’s funds. Some vulnerable populations, including individuals recognized as human trafficking victims, are eligible for a reduced rate of 6 percent, but many of them either still paid the full deduction or did not receive reimbursements for previously paying the full deduction, according to PHRI and UNHCR. On December 8, PIBA announced all recognized victims of trafficking would receive retroactive reimbursements and would pay a deposit of 6 percent without having to declare their status to their employers" (26). "Asylum seekers who were recognized as...more
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"Sometimes a husband makes divorce contingent on his wife conceding to demands, such as those relating to property ownership or child custody... Druze divorces are performed by an oral declaration of the husband alone and then registered through the Druze religious courts, placing a disproportionate burden on the woman to leave the home with her children immediately. A civil family court or a religious court settles child custody, alimony, and property matters after the divorce, which gives preference to the father unless it can be demonstrated that a child especially 'needs' the mother" (35).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Despite IPS regulations prohibiting holding transgender prisoners in solitary confinement, transgender women who had not undergone full gender adjustment were being held under segregation, according to ACRI" (45).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"BWAs provided foreign workers with information regarding their labor rights as well as a translated copy of their labor contract prior to arrival in the country. The government continued to help fund a hotline for migrant workers to report violations, and the government’s enforcement bodies claimed all complaints were investigated. The absence of BWAs for foreign caregivers and additional migrant workers not covered by BWAs led to continuing widespread abuses..." (52).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The traffickers illegally recruited laborers to work in construction, caregiving, and prostitution and charged them exorbitant recruitment fees, and sometimes sold them fake documentation" (49).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Primary and secondary education is free and universal through age 17 and compulsory through grade 12" (37).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The government effectively enforced applicable law [against discrimination in employment], and penalties were sufficient to deter violations" (50). "Civil society organizations reported discrimination in the employment or pay of women, Ethiopian-Israelis, and Arab citizens. In one case the commission joined a Muslim dentist in an antidiscrimination lawsuit against the New Shen Clinic in Netanya, which asked her to remove her hijab (Muslim religious women’s head covering) at work. On September 8, a labor court ruled the clinic must pay compensatory damages for discrimination based on religion" (50).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion or involuntary sterilization" (34).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: GP-DATA-6

"Four members of the 15-member Supreme Court were women" (30).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"The Supreme Court granted the minister of interior an extension due to the March 2020 elections for its response to a petition by 34 lesbian mothers against the Ministry of Interior’s refusal to list nonbiological mothers on birth certificates, despite court-issued parenting orders. Another petition of a same-sex couple who demanded to make the process of registering parenthood for lesbian couples equal to that of heterosexual couples was pending at year’s end. On September 23, the Supreme Court found against the Ministry of Interior’s requirement for proof of a long-term relationship between two mothers, which does not exist for heterosexual couples, in order to recognize shared parenthood" (36-37).more