The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Italy

June 7, 2021, 6:13 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ATC-DATA-3

"Italy reserves the right to exercise, when depositing the instrument of ratification, the option provided for in article 19 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties of 23 May 1969" (para 33).
May 24, 2021, 2:10 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"In 2020, 100% of births in Italy were attended by skilled health personnele" (p 45).
May 24, 2021, 2:08 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ISTD-DATA-3

"In 2018, there were .05 new HIV infections per 1,000 uninfected population in Italy" (p 45).
May 24, 2021, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1

"From 2010-2018 the density of nursing and midwifery personnel in Italy was 57.4 per 10,000 population" (p 60).
May 24, 2021, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"From 2010-2018 the density of nursing and midwifery personnel in Italy was 57.4 per 10,000 population" (p 60).
May 24, 2021, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: MISA-DATA-1

In 2016, the prevalence of anaemia in women of reporducticve age (15-49 years) in Italy was 17.3% (p 68).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"...the status and progress of female military personnel are covered by the same provisions for the male staff: Decree of the Minister of Defense, 4 April 2000 No. 114, lays down, “Regulation on the suitability of military service and list of defects and diseases that cause unfit for military service; Law of 25 January 2006, No. 29 (Community Law 2005), of which Article 26 makes changes to Act No. 380/1999 by stating that the Minister of Defense may provide military personnel limitations to the recruitment of women only in the presence of motivated requirements linked to the functionality of specific roles, bodies, categories, specialties and specializations of each Force if,...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"On November 13, 2007, the father and two brothers-in-law of a 20-year-old Pakistani immigrant woman killed in 2006 were each sentenced to 30 years’ imprisonment in Brescia: she had been reproved for having adopted a western lifestyle" (30).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, inequalities remain and may widen, if considering...the persistence of gender stereotypes and an unequal share of family responsibilities" (6). "It has been estimated that in Italy there are six million women being inactive, namely those having renounced to look for a job due to their role in the family – since the family care remains a 'private affairs' to be often demanded to women. The low burdensharing between men and women in the family care entails that, in terms of weekly working hours, women work 7 hours and 26 minutes, per day, including Sundays, to be shared between home and office. If comparing this figure to other EU countries,...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The prostitution is a hidden and unknown phenomenon and the recent trend to exercise it in closed places, like private apartments – so as to abandon the unsecure streets, makes more difficult its disclosure. The girls live irregularly and their dependency from traffickers is psychological and physical. This is true above all for girls from Eastern Europe and Latin America and, recently from China, while the Nigerian prostitution still occurs mainly in the streets" (43). "Among major problems [with immigrant women], it is worth recalling the prostitution, the poor knowledge of contraceptive methods, and the spread of AIDS" (84).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"...the above Framework was...designed to encourage Regional Administrations, to reach the following quantified targets, by 2013: Increasing the percentage of municipalities offering child-care services, from the current 21% to 35%" (62). "In Italy, [maternity] leave lasts five months, to be shared in a flexible way before and after the child-birth...the indemnity is equal to 80% of the average wage (to be calculated on the basis of the last month wage before the beginning of the leave)" (65). "...parental leave, as introduced in Italy, in 2000, may be requested by both parents, if employees and when their child is within the age of 8 and for a term not exceeding ten...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"Tuscany regional Act No. 59/2007, implementing measures to prevent gender-based violence" (27). "ISTAT, the official Italian government statistical agency, reported that 6.7 million women aged 16 to 70, or 31.9 per cent of all women, had been victims of violence at least once in their lives" (27). "In the course of 2006 solely the number of women victims of violence amounted to 1 million and 150 thousand (5.4 per cent)" (27). "Women who suffered or continue to suffer from various forms of violence, especially sexual offenses and mobbing...It is also growing the violence grounded on cultural reasons, especially among immigrant women. As to the latter, the latest figures indicate the...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: GP-DATA-6

"December 2007, there were 3,813 women out of 9,158 male magistrates. This apparent discrepancy stems from the late access of women to the magistracy, as introduced only in 1966, with the additional result of affecting their election/appointment to higher positions. Further, up to 2007, the career advancement was based upon the solely criterion of the length of service...In terms of women’s access to the career, from 2004 onwards, it has been registered a positive trend. In 2007, there were 166 women out of 322 contest winners. Despite difficulties, women within the judiciary are able to acquire specific positions, including at the high-rank levels. At the Supreme Court level (the Italian...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"Approximately 23 per cent of sexual abuses were committed by partners. In fact the data show a worrying situation, where the most familiar places become those at a higher risk" (27). "it is estimated that 6,743,000 women between 16 and 70 years, are victims of violence during their lifetime (equal to 31.9 per cent of the age group considered)" (27). "Domestic violence has affected 2.4 per cent of women; the one outside the household amounted to 3.4 per cent" (27). "The women divorced and separated suffer more violence during their lifetime: 63.9 per cent, twice the average figure" (27).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"the prohibition of discrimination on grounds of sex is one of the pillars of said system, as authoritatively stated more than once by the Constitutional Court...the Italian Constitution sets forth the inviolable principle, aimed at ensuring the equality of all citizens before the law and at prohibiting that gender...might be a source of discrimination in the legal treatment of people" (6).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-DATA-4

"The construction of...'relationships'... with the business realities allowed to build new forms of dialogue,...with the aim of better understanding problems related to the role of women in the labour market, such as...the poor granting of part-time jobs" (17).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: IRP-DATA-2

"In general terms, the phenomenon of the prostitution in Italy is deeply tied to immigration: women coming from Eastern Europe, often under the age of 18 (and thus being without any risk of repatriation), are involved in prostitution. The relevant data are scarce due to the irregular living conditions characterising victims. On a general note, it may be noted that trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation mainly affects young women, in particular from Nigeria and Eastern Europe countries" (43).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"In this perspective, in the last years the National Counsellor for Equality launched specific awareness campaigns on the role of women in the economy" (16). "The Department for Equal Opportunities has...made a major public awareness campaign on...equal opportunity and the fight against stereotypes and discrimination, which consisted of advertising on public transportation (buses) in major Italian cities and on a Eurostar train, named 'the train for equal opportunity' that travelled for a week across various Italian cities" (41). "stereotypes still [exist] in some textbooks and in the mass media culture" (41). "In particular, in 2007, the high school students participated in a contest on 'Women for Women' (launched by the...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ISTD-DATA-1

"The population of pregnant women with HIV is characterized by an average age above 30 years, a good clinical and immunological condition, an increasing proportion of women of non-Italian nationality (40–45%, in recent years), especially from Africa, a high percentage of unplanned pregnancies (at least 50%, in addition to a relatively large proportion of cases in which the diagnosis of HIV infection occurs during pregnancy (23%)" (96).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: GP-DATA-4

"Law Decree No. 223 of July 4, 2006, article 19, paragraph 3, ...the 'Fund for the policies relating to the rights and equal opportunities,' to which it was assigned the sum of 3,000,000 Euros for 2006 and 10,000,000 Euros from the year 2007 onwards, respectively...Then by article 1, paragraph 1261, of Act No. 296/2006 (Finance Act 2007), the Fund has increased the above-mentioned one with 40 million Euros; for each of the years 2007, 2008 and 2009, from which a share for each of said years to be allocated to the National Fund against sexual violence and gender-based violence”" (10). "By Decree of 16 May, the Minister for Rights and...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

"In this frame, it is worth indicating that maternal mortality has been gradually reduced, going from 490 deaths of the 70’s to fifteen cases at the beginning of 2000" (89).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"While law enforcement and judicial authorities are not reluctant to prosecute perpetrators of violence against women, victims frequently declined to press charges due to fear, shame, or ignorance of the law" (26). "In almost all cases, violence is not reported and the partners who are reported, mostly remain unpunished. The undeclared remains very high...Therefore only few victims have reported domestic violence, 7.5 per cent, of whom only 27.9 per cent had a partner accused, while 8.3 per cent had a partner convicted. In 2.6 per cent of cases, the trial is still ongoing" (28).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The construction of... 'relationships'...with the business realities allowed to build new forms of dialogue...with the aim of better understanding problems related to the role of women in the labour market, such as the very low percentage of women in the labour market" (17). "There were an increased number of projects aimed at unemployed women in the South highlighting how women’s unemployment remains a problem particularly present in this territorial area" (18). "In 2007, only 10 per cent of hospital department heads and 5 per cent of deans of faculties of medicine were women" (53). "Except for Banks and Assurance Institutes, there is no woman in the Boards of Directors of...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

"Act No. 40 of 19 February 2004, being supplemented by the Decree of 7 October 2005 (OJ No 282 of 3 December 2005). Such Legislation established the National Register of Facilities authorized for the application of techniques of Medically Assisted Reproduction; and aims at solving problems of sterility or infertility, if there is no other effective treatment to address the causes of said problems" (89). "By case No. 151 of April 2009, the Constitutional Court pointed out: 'The law [40] allows that the protection of the embryo may weaken in order to make room for the aim pursued, namely to allow the use of the medically assisted procreation as guaranteed...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ABO-DATA-1

"Since 2005 there has been a decrease of 6.7% of the rate of abortion (No. of IVG for 1000 women aged between 15–49 years). The reduction is more rapid among women better educated, employed and married. More generally, it may be noted the steady decline in the abortion rate from 80’s up to date, when this has fallen by 43.5%. Italy is among the countries...with the lowest rate of abortion cases (11.1%)...The abortion rate of minors for...2006 [was] 4.9 out of 1000. This value is similar to previous years’, but with higher values in Northern and central Italy...the consent for surgery was released in 69.3% of cases by the parents...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"Italy now holds the sad record of European country with the highest number of female infibulations, mostly among women of Somali or Nigerian origin" (94).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"...the Ministry for Equal Opportunities — established in 1997...— and in particular the Department for Equal Opportunities, established...28 October 1997...is committed to promoting and coordinating the Government’s actions, particularly relating to: violations of the fundamental right of integrity and the health of women and girls; exploitation and trafficking in persons; violence against women" (7). "The Department for Equal Opportunities...has been tasked with implementing the Programme in accordance with...gender mainstreaming" (7). "Article 1, paragraph 463 (Development of the Plan to combat violence against women). For the year 2008 it has been established a Fund of 20 million Euros to be allocated for a Plan to combat violence against women, under the...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: CBMC-DATA-1

"..the rate of teenage pregnancies is among the lowest in Europe and is continuing to fall: less than 2% of all births occur in women younger than 20 years" (90).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"DPCM 29.11.2001, as entered into force on February 23, 2002, which defines Livelli Essenziali di Assistenza (acronym in Italian, LEA), namely the services and the performances by the National Health-care Service, to be provided to all citizens, free of charge or upon payment of a participation fee (in Italian, ticket), by means of public resources collected through the general taxation" (82).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"Within this framework, it is worth mentioning that CIDU held consultations with relevant nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)" (4). "it is worth recalling the establishment of a 'National Observatory against sexual and gender-based violence', by Ministerial Decree of 23 January 2008. This body acts as a link between local authorities, anti-violence centres and operators of the sector. Its function is to carry out awareness-raising campaigns and monitor the activities of all public administrations involved in the fight against sexual violence. By inter-ministerial decree of 3 August 2007 it was allocated an amount of 800,000.00 Euros" (31-32). "By Ministerial Decree of 13 December 2007 it was established a 'Permanent Forum against severe forms...more