The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Italy

Jan. 26, 2022, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Latvia, Lesotho, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela
Variables: IIP-SCALE-1

1.0
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (13).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: PRN-PRACTICE-1

"There were reports of child pornography. On June 21, the Postal Police (under the National Police) announced an operation conducted in 10 regions to dismantle a network responsible for exchanging and selling pornographic material showing minors online and using two WhatsApp groups to entice new victims. Authorities investigated 51 persons. In 2018 Postal Police reported 532 persons allegedly involved in child sexual abuse or sexual exploitation, of whom 43 were arrested" (16).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"NGOs and independent observers identified difficulties in asylum procedures, including inconsistency of standards applied in reception centers and insufficient referral rates of trafficking victims and unaccompanied minors to adequate services" (11). This indicates that women are potentially granted asylum in cases of trafficking but services may be limited (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1

"In March media reported that a Muslim woman wearing a hijab was riding a public bus in Turin when a local woman verbally and physically attacked her, including violently ripping the hijab off her head" (19).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"A child acquires citizenship automatically when one of the parents is a citizen, when the parents of children born in the country are unknown or stateless, when parents are foreigners from countries of origin that do not give citizenship to their children born abroad, when a child is abandoned in the country, and when the child is adopted. Local authorities require registration immediately after birth" (15).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"NGOs and independent observers identified difficulties in asylum procedures, including inconsistency of standards applied in reception centers and insufficient referral rates of trafficking victims and unaccompanied minors to adequate services" (11). This suggests that women are potentially granted asylum in cases of trafficking but that services available may not be adequate or widely available (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"The constitution provides citizens the ability to choose their government in free and fair periodic elections held by secret ballot and based on universal and equal suffrage" (12).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Two sentences in March in cases of violence against women were considered too lenient because they were based on crimes of passion. In Bologna the court of appeal reduced a sentence from 30 years to 16 because the person convicted appeared to have acted in 'strong emotional and passionate turmoil.' In a second case, magistrates in Genoa also reduced from 30 years to 16 the sentence for a man who killed his wife because they considered he had a 'strong sense of anger, disappointment, and resentment'" (14). Leniency in cases of crimes of passion may not protect women (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2, NGOFW-DATA-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C and it is punishable by up to 12 years’ imprisonment, even if the crime is committed abroad. Cases of FGM/C occurred in some immigrant communities. Experts estimated that between 60,000 and 80,000 women were victims of genital mutilation and that most mutilations were performed outside the country. The European Institute for Gender Equality estimated that 15 to 24 percent of girls originating from countries where FGM/C is practiced were at risk of FGM/C in the Italy. Prosecutors often depended on coverage by NGOs and self-reporting from the migrant community to identify and prosecute FGM/C" (15).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The law provides for the protection of unaccompanied foreign minors and creates a system of protection that manages minors from the time they arrive in the country until they reach the age 21 and can support themselves. As of June the Ministry of Labor and Social Policies had identified 7,272 unaccompanied minors, of whom 4,736 had left the shelters assigned to them. Of those assisted, 93 percent were boys and 86 percent were 16 or 17 years old. Girls were 7 percent of the total, of which 32 percent came from Nigeria. This group was especially vulnerable to sexual abuse and violence" (21-22). Unaccompanied minors in Italy are generally considered...more
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: MURDER-DATA-1, DV-DATA-1

"Between January and June, 39 women were killed by domestic partners. On March 15, a man killed his wife and then committed suicide in Castelvetrano after she asked for a divorce" (14).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"A new violence against women law adopted on July 17 imposes harsher penalties for crimes of domestic and gender-based violence. The law penalizes rape, including spousal rape, with six to 12 years in prison. The law criminalizes the physical abuse of women (including by family members), provides for the prosecution of perpetrators of violence against women, and helps shield abused women from publicity. Judicial protective measures for violence occurring within a family allow for an ex parte application to a civil court judge in urgent cases. A specific law on stalking includes mandatory detention for acts of sexual violence, including by partners. Police officers and judicial authorities prosecuted perpetrators of...more
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: AOM-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-2

"The minimum age for marriage is 18, but juvenile courts may authorize marriages for individuals as young as 16. Forced marriage is punishable by up to five years in prison, or six years if it involves a minor under the age of 18. Forced marriage even for religious reasons is also penalized. In a report released in February, the NGO ECPAT International estimated the rate of illegal child marriages (within the community, but not recognized by law) in the shantytowns of Rome to be as high as 77 percent" (16).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, IRP-LAW-5, IRP-DATA-2

"Authorities enforced laws prohibiting sexual exploitation, the sale of children, offering or procuring a child for prostitution, and practices related to child pornography. Independent observers and the government estimated at least 5,000 foreign minors were victims of sexual exploitation. On April 3, a Bari court convicted two men respectively to six year and six months and five years and six months in prison for exploiting at least four minors as sex workers between 2010 and 2017. According to the Department of Equal Opportunity, the number of assisted minor victims of trafficking increased from 199 in 2017 to 215 in 2018" (16).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"A new violence against women law adopted on July 17 imposes harsher penalties for crimes of domestic and gender-based violence. The law penalizes rape, including spousal rape, with six to 12 years in prison. The law criminalizes the physical abuse of women (including by family members), provides for the prosecution of perpetrators of violence against women, and helps shield abused women from publicity. Judicial protective measures for violence occurring within a family allow for an ex parte application to a civil court judge in urgent cases. A specific law on stalking includes mandatory detention for acts of sexual violence, including by partners. Police officers and judicial authorities prosecuted perpetrators of...more
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"A new violence against women law adopted on July 17 imposes harsher penalties for crimes of domestic and gender-based violence. The law penalizes rape, including spousal rape, with six to 12 years in prison. The law criminalizes the physical abuse of women (including by family members), provides for the prosecution of perpetrators of violence against women, and helps shield abused women from publicity. Judicial protective measures for violence occurring within a family allow for an ex parte application to a civil court judge in urgent cases. A specific law on stalking includes mandatory detention for acts of sexual violence, including by partners. Police officers and judicial authorities prosecuted perpetrators of...more
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"...The National Center for the Fight against Child Pornography, part of the National Police, monitored websites for crimes involving child pornography" (8). "Authorities enforced laws prohibiting sexual exploitation, the sale of children, offering or procuring a child for prostitution, and practices related to child pornography..." (16).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion or involuntary sterilization" (15).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, CONST-LAW-1

"Women have the same legal status and rights as men, and the government enforced laws prohibiting discrimination in all sectors. Women nonetheless experienced widespread discrimination, particularly with respect to employment (also see section 7.d. regarding pay disparities between genders)" (15).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The International Organization for Migration (IOM), UNHCR, and NGOs reported labor exploitation of asylum seekers, especially in the agriculture and service sectors (see section 7.b.), and sexual exploitation of unaccompanied migrant minors (see section 6, Children)" (9). "Authorities enforced laws prohibiting sexual exploitation, the sale of children, offering or procuring a child for prostitution, and practices related to child pornography. Independent observers and the government estimated at least 5,000 foreign minors were victims of sexual exploitation. On April 3, a Bari court convicted two men respectively to six year and six months and five years and six months in prison for exploiting at least four minors as sex workers between...more
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The International Organization for Migration (IOM), UNHCR, and NGOs reported labor exploitation of asylum seekers, especially in the agriculture and service sectors (see section 7.b.), and sexual exploitation of unaccompanied migrant minors (see section 6, Children)" (9).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Women have the same legal status and rights as men, and the government enforced laws prohibiting discrimination in all sectors. Women nonetheless experienced widespread discrimination, particularly with respect to employment (also see section 7.d. regarding pay disparities between genders)" (15). "Discrimination based on gender, religion, disability, sexual orientation, and gender identity also occurred. The government implemented some information campaigns, promoting diversity and tolerance, including in the workplace. In many cases victims of discrimination were unwilling to request the forms of protection provided by employment laws or collective contracts, according to labor unions. According to Eurostat, in 2017 women’s gross hourly earnings were on average 5 percent lower than those of...more
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Minor cases of verbal sexual harassment in public are punishable by up to six months’ incarceration and a fine of up to 516 euros ($568). By law, gender-based emotional abuse is a crime. The government effectively enforced the law. Police investigated reports of harassment" (15).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"NGOs and independent observers identified difficulties in asylum procedures, including inconsistency of standards applied in reception centers and insufficient referral rates of trafficking victims and unaccompanied minors to adequate services" (11). This indicates that while there may be procedural issues, asylum is likely available to victims of trafficking (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"In many cases victims of discrimination were unwilling to request the forms of protection provided by employment laws or collective contracts, according to labor unions. According to Eurostat, in 2017 women’s gross hourly earnings were on average 5 percent lower than those of men performing the same job" (22).
Sept. 13, 2021, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Austria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, Comoros, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, France, Gabon, Hungary, Indonesia, Italy, Jordan, Macedonia, Montenegro, Morocco, Paraguay, Peru, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Sweden, Syria, Thailand, Turkey, Vanuatu
Variables: LRW-SCALE-12

3.0
July 29, 2021, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"In 2012, Germany joined the EU's ETUTU project, which in cooperation with Nigerian authorities aims to crack down on Nigerian criminals trafficking humans around the world. A transnational approach to fighting these criminal is absolutely essential, as most Nigerian women arrive in Europe via Italy. Over the past three years, over 20,000 Nigerian women, many of them minors, have come to Italy via the Mediterranean. The UN estimates that some 80% are victims of human trafficking or are at great risk of becoming a victim. Helen Okoro was once a victim of human traffickers. She arrived in Italy 20 years ago and still lives there today. She works for Casa...more
July 29, 2021, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Some Sicilians are starting to refer a new 'Nigerian mafia.' Yet unlike the Italian mafia, both perpetrators and victims are from abroad and often live on the fringes of society. Some Sicilian journalists accuse Italian authorities of not cracking down hard enough on these trafficking organizations. However, public prosecutor Lina Trovato rejects this accusation. She says authorities have been monitoring the activities of Nigerian organized crime networks for a while. She explains that Nigeria's so-called "new mafia" is not a single coherent unit but is instead compromised of numerous secret societies and criminal gangs, such as the so-called Black Axe, Vikingsor Supreme Eiye Fraternity" (para 8-9).
July 20, 2021, 11:47 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-1

"'Female representation in companies’ boards reached its historic high at the end of last year,” Ciocca[Consob Commissioner Paolo Ciocca] said, adding that in the future “it will be crucial to neutralise the gender distortions that still see an under-representation of women in advanced science, technology, engineering, mathematics studies and lower job opportunities and lower salaries for them'"(para 4).