The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Japan

Sept. 13, 2021, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar, Iran, Japan, Swaziland
Variables: LRW-SCALE-12

5.0
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-1

"During the economic miracle, women were largely relegated to the domestic sphere or occupied clerical and secretarial roles in offices, largely due to attitudes at that time. '(The older generation) think back then society worked better and the economy was better -- there's that arrogance,' said Choo. Mori and Nikai both said women should remain silent. Choo says their disparaging remarks toward women were examples of traditional and outdated views on the place of women in society, which suggest men should remain the primary breadwinners and women should stay home" (para 12-14).
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: MULV-PRACTICE-1

"Experts say some men of that generation carry beliefs that women are best left at home, or should attend meetings but remain silent" (para 6). "Mori and Nikai both said women should remain silent. Choo says their disparaging remarks toward women were examples of traditional and outdated views on the place of women in society, which suggest men should remain the primary breadwinners and women should stay home" (para 14). "Kaname Nakama, a fourth-year student at Meiji University in Japan, who identifies as a conservative and runs a political YouTube channel, said young people in the country think politics is too complicated. He discusses political issues ranging from the role...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Tomomi Inada, a former defense minister, says the male old guard's disparaging attitudes toward women symbolize problems with Japan's power structure, where women and minorities still have scant representation. Government plans to put women in 30% of senior management roles by 2020 across the workforce were quietly pushed back to 2030 last year, after it proved too ambitious" (para 22-23). "Inada has backed enforced electoral quotas that propose to make 30% of candidates for elections in Japan's ruling party female. She argues that increasing female participation raises responsiveness to policies concerning women and is also beneficial to men" (para 26).
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"Just last week, a Japanese city manager sparked outrage when he gave a speech telling new employees to 'play around' to remedy the country's plunging birth rate" (para 3). This comment may reflect a societal view that a lowering birth rate is negative and should be reversed (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"There was the Tokyo 2020 official who floated the idea of an 'Olympig' creative campaign with plus-sized model Naomi Watanabe" (para 1). "Last month Japanese broadcaster TV Asahi sparked outrage with an advert featuring a female actress saying 'gender equality is outdated.' The network later apologized and took the commercial down following a Twitter storm" (para 30). "Matsui, the former banking strategist, says many young men in Japan who do not share the traditional values espoused by their fathers and grandfathers are also taking to social media to amplify women's voices" (para 37).
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

"There was the Tokyo 2020 official who floated the idea of an 'Olympig' creative campaign with plus-sized model Naomi Watanabe. An Olympic chief who resigned after making sexist remarks about women" (para 1). An official labelling a plus-sized model as a "pig" may reflect societal standards of what is considered to be the ideal weight (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"Born in the late 1930s, older leaders, such as former Tokyo 2020 head Yoshiro Mori and an official from Japan's ruling party Toshihiro Nikai, who recently sparked international condemnation for their sexist remarks on women, are from a generation who brought Japan to the global stage after its defeat in World War II, according to Kukhee Choo, an independent Japan-based media scholar" (para 11). Sexist remarks may be indicative of a lack of gender training for government officials (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Experts say some men of that generation carry beliefs that women are best left at home, or should attend meetings but remain silent" (para 6). "The problem, says Inada, is the widespread belief that politics is still a man's world. 'The notion that good women understand how to behave and don't push themselves forward still exists today,' she said" (para 25). Societal customs and beliefs surrounding gender roles seem to keep women from running for office (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Government plans to put women in 30% of senior management roles by 2020 across the workforce were quietly pushed back to 2030 last year, after it proved too ambitious" (para 23).
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: VOTE-DATA-2

"However, the turnout was lower than expected, with only 46.8% of 18- and 19-year-olds taking part. The figure fell to 41.5% in the lower house election the following year" (para 43).
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: DLB-DATA-1

"And a Japanese governor who recommended men go grocery shopping during the pandemic because women take too long" (para 2). This suggests that women may generally be expected to shop for groceries (JLR CODER COMMENT). "During the economic miracle, women were largely relegated to the domestic sphere or occupied clerical and secretarial roles in offices, largely due to attitudes at that time. '(The older generation) think back then society worked better and the economy was better -- there's that arrogance,' said Choo. Mori and Nikai both said women should remain silent. Choo says their disparaging remarks toward women were examples of traditional and outdated views on the place of women...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1, GP-DATA-1

"As of 2020, only 15% of senior and leadership posts were held by women, according to the Global Gender Report. And with only 14% of seats in Japan's parliament occupied by women, and most lawmakers aged between 50 to 70, male boomers dominate political and business life in the country" (para 5). "And in Japan, only one in seven lawmakers is a women -- that's fewer than 14%, compared to a 25% global average and 20% average in Asia, as of January 2021, according to data from the Inter-Parliamentary Union, an organization that compiles data on national parliaments" (para 24).
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-2

"But it's not always easy to shift the mindsets that bind people to traditional gender roles in Japan, according to Nobuko Kobayashi, a partner with EY-Parthenon, a strategic consulting group within E&Y Transaction Advisory Services. 'When the idea of being one step behind a man is ingrained in your brain from early on, it's tough to break when you're an adult,' said Kobayashi" (para 27-28). "Last month Japanese broadcaster TV Asahi sparked outrage with an advert featuring a female actress saying 'gender equality is outdated.' The network later apologized and took the commercial down following a Twitter storm" (para 30). "Kingston gives the example of the backlash that ensued on...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, ERBG-DATA-4

"That same year, 39% of women in the workforce were employed part-time compared to 14% of men. This leaves women at an unfair disadvantage as non-regular workers earn about 40% as much as regular workers on an hourly basis and receive less training in their workplaces, according to a report from the Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development" (para 20).
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Experts say some men of that generation carry beliefs that women are best left at home, or should attend meetings but remain silent" (para 6). "During the economic miracle, women were largely relegated to the domestic sphere or occupied clerical and secretarial roles in offices, largely due to attitudes at that time. '(The older generation) think back then society worked better and the economy was better -- there's that arrogance,' said Choo. Mori and Nikai both said women should remain silent. Choo says their disparaging remarks toward women were examples of traditional and outdated views on the place of women in society, which suggest men should remain the primary breadwinners...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"During the economic miracle, women were largely relegated to the domestic sphere or occupied clerical and secretarial roles in offices, largely due to attitudes at that time. '(The older generation) think back then society worked better and the economy was better -- there's that arrogance,' said Choo" (para 12-13). "In recent years, campaigns such as #MeToo and #KuToo -- which saw women petition against wearing high heels to work -- have put Japan's gender inequality and human rights issues in the spotlight, even though the movements failed to garner as much support in the country as they did in the West" (para 36).
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"For decades, gaffe-prone men in positions of power have caused embarrassment and sparked outrage among younger generations and women in patriarchal Japan, which is ranked 120 out of 156 countries in the World Economic Forum's latest Global Gender Gap Index -- between Angola and Sierra Leone" (para 4). "Kingston gives the example of the backlash that ensued on social media when Mori, the former Tokyo 2020 head, tried to handpick another octogenarian man as his successor. That move ultimately failed when he was replaced by former Olympian Seiko Hashimoto, a 56-year-old woman. Kathy Matsui, a former vice-chair and chief Japan strategist for global investment bank Goldman Sachs, said while sexist...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: VOTE-DATA-1

"In 2015, a new Japanese law lowered the minimum voting age from 20 to 18, marking the first such change in over 70 years when the age was reduced from 25. That new legislation allowed around 2.4 million 18- and 19-year-olds to exercise their democratic rights in the national election for the first time in 2016" (para 42).
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Tomomi Inada, a former defense minister, says the male old guard's disparaging attitudes toward women symbolize problems with Japan's power structure, where women and minorities still have scant representation. Government plans to put women in 30% of senior management roles by 2020 across the workforce were quietly pushed back to 2030 last year, after it proved too ambitious" (para 22-23). "Last month a Kyodo News survey found more than 60% of active female lawmakers thought it would be difficult to boost the numbers of women in parliament up to 35% by 2025" (para 29).
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"The problem, says Inada, is the widespread belief that politics is still a man's world. 'The notion that good women understand how to behave and don't push themselves forward still exists today,' she said" (para 25).
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Experts say some men of that generation carry beliefs that women are best left at home, or should attend meetings but remain silent" (para 6).
July 20, 2021, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"A 2019 UNICEF report found, however, that even when fathers are provided paid leave, they don't necessarily take it: 'In Japan, the only country that offers at least six months at full pay for fathers, only 1 in 20 took paid leave in 2017.'" (Para 10)
June 29, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Along the way, Koike became increasingly outspoken on women’s issues. 'One of the things that I hated the most when I was a minister is that when a male minister makes a mistake, he is not strongly criticized for what has gone wrong,' Koike told the Telegraph in 2008. 'But if a woman minister makes a mistake, even her colleagues would accuse her, simply because she is a woman. Or if she happens to do a good job, then it is often said that she only managed to achieve it because she had assistance from someone else.'" (3).
June 29, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: GP-DATA-2

"On July 31, Yuriko Koike, a member of parliament and Japan’s first female defense minister, shattered yet another glass ceiling by becoming the first-ever female governor of Tokyo, Asia’s largest city" (1).
June 29, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"[W]omen often left their jobs after marriage or childbirth and never resumed work outside the home" (4).
June 29, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"As a rare woman in the upper echelon of Japanese politics, when she first took office in 1992, Koike by default inherited a raft of social problems that had long been ignored. 'When I entered politics, I expected other female politicians to have already started working on politics and issues related to that, but it turned out that nothing had been done about the female issue,' she told FP in May. These problems persisted for another two decades" (4).
June 29, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"In addition to their miserably low representation in politics, women in Japan had low rates of participation in the workforce — 60 percent in 2013 compared to 80 percent of Japanese men who work" (4).
June 29, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Koike [Tokyo's governor] is one of the loudest voices in Japan calling for greater female participation in politics and the workforce" (2). "Abe’s administration has at least made women’s issues a prominent talking point" (4).
June 29, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"In 1946, women held 8.4 percent of seats in the House of Representatives, Japan’s lower house. As of this July, they held 9.5 percent of lower house seats, an increase of just over 1 percent" (2). " Koike said she used her political will in the April 2015 ward election to make sure the LDP ran many female candidates for the constituency. 'As a result,' Koike said, 'we were able to have more than 30 percent of LDP assembly representatives in the Toshima ward be female'" (5).