The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Laos

Feb. 2, 2024, 6:33 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: DV-DATA-1

According to 2022 data from the WHO's Global Health Observatory, the proportion of ever-partnered women and girls (aged 15-49) in Laos who have been subjected to physical and/or sexual violence by a current or former intimate partner in their lifetime is 19 percent (KMM-CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 24, 2024, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Angola, Bangladesh, Belize, Bolivia, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, India, Indonesia, Laos, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Rwanda, Senegal, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia
Variables: MMR-SCALE-2

3
Jan. 24, 2024, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: MMR-SCALE-1

126
Jan. 24, 2024, 3:15 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, D R Congo, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lesotho, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Namibia, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

1more
Jan. 24, 2024, 3:06 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cambodia, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, D R Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritius, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nicaragua, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: DACH-SCALE-2

1more
Jan. 24, 2024, 3:03 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Angola, Bolivia, Botswana, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Laos, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia
Variables: DACH-SCALE-1

2
Jan. 21, 2024, 11:10 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

According to a 2023 report on global trends in maternal mortality from 2000-2020 published by the WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, World Bank Group, and UNDESA/Population Division, in 2020 the maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) in Laos was 126 (KMM-CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 20, 2024, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

According to 2023 World Bank Gender Data collected from the most recent ILO modeled estimates from 2020 onwards, the female laborforce participation rate (as a percentage of the female population ages 15+) in Laos is 55.4% (KMM-CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 7, 2024, 3:30 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: DACH-DATA-1

According to the World Bank, as of 2021, life expectancy in Laos is 70 years for women and 66 years for men (KMM-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 28, 2023, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: DACH-DATA-1

According to 2019 data from the WHO's Global Health Observatory, average life expectancy in Laos is 66.2 years for men and 70.9 years for women (KMM-CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 12, 2023, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Bangladesh, Belize, Bolivia, Botswana, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, Fiji, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Libya, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Nicaragua, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
Variables: BR-SCALE-1

1
Sept. 29, 2023, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: BR-DATA-1

"21.0 births per 1000 population"
Aug. 29, 2023, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Heirs are as follows: 1. Offspring, adopted children, stepchildren of the owner of inheritance including Unborn children are entitled to their share of inheritance of the deceased. The mother shall manage the inheritance; 2. The surviving spouse of the owner of the inheritance; 3. Parents or paternal grandparents and maternal grandparents or great grandparents of the owner of the heritage; 4. Older and younger brothers and sisters, or paternal uncles and aunts and maternal uncles and aunts, or nephews and nieces of the owner of the heritage; 5. The State, or legal entities and other individuals as specified in this Civil Code" (157). "In case a spouse dies leaving the...more
June 17, 2023, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Angola, Botswana, Cambodia, Canada, Cape Verde, Colombia, Cote D'Ivoire, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Eritrea, Fiji, Ghana, Guyana, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lesotho, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritius, Moldova, Namibia, Nepal, Slovakia, Somalia, Suriname, Thailand, Turkmenistan
Variables: MARR-SCALE-2

3.0
May 5, 2023, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-8

"Young people are relatively free to choose their partners but generally need their parents consent to get married. Young men and women often meet eligible partners at dances held during festivals, where they are free to sit and talk privately. Young people often marry cousins or someone from their own village" (para 1).
May 5, 2023, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-8

"Until recently, young Lao people married in the same village and community members were mostly distant relatives" (para 12).
April 22, 2023, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: MARR-LAW-7

"Article 151 Criteria of marriage. Marriage will be prohibited in the following cases: 1. The couple is the same gender; 2. Individuals from the same bloodline such as parents, paternal and maternal grandparents upwards with children, grandchildren downwards, between adoptive parents and adopted children, between stepparents and stepchildren, between adoptive children and offspring’s, between siblings, between uncles or aunts with nieces and nephews."
Feb. 3, 2023, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"In all the research villages, women had lost access to and control over land. This is part of the phenomenon of de-agrarianization and de-feminization in agriculture, triggered by policies fostering monoculture farming and transfer of land to investors" (1). "Customary laws have been established over many centuries and women’s land rights are mainly determined by whether a village is matrilineal or patrilineal in social structure. The former has women as the main land rights holders. Indeed, customary inheritance rights favor women over men and/or youngest daughters over sons. In the patrilineal societies, customary law systems exclude women in land inheritance patterns. Indeed, customary private land rights favor men or sons...more
Feb. 3, 2023, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Women’s land rights have been weakened in the new Land Law (2019) by the removal of dual names (wife and husband) on land titles (from the 2003 Land Law, Article 43)" (1). "While the 2003 Land Law had a specific stipulation about women in Article 43 on land registration, stating that both the husband and wife must be included in the Land Register Book in the case of matrimonial property, the revised Land Law (2019) no longer includes this protection clause for married women" (2).
Feb. 3, 2023, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Women’s land rights and livelihood systems are closely related to customary gender-based power systems. In the matrilineal Lao-Tai (Tai-Kadai language group) villages, inheritance customs follow the female lineage. The system of matrilineal kinship and inheritance and matrilocal post-marriage residence give women rights to land directly independent of their male relatives or husbands. In the patrilineal Akha (Sino-Tibet), Lue (Tai-Kaidai), Hmong (Hmong-Mien), and Khmou (Mon-Khmer) villages, inheritance customs follow the male lineage, and women only have rights to use to land through marriage. Only sons can inherit land from their father/parents and divorce can result in loss of access to household land for women" (para 3). If women or men only...more
Feb. 3, 2023, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Women’s land rights and livelihood systems are closely related to customary gender-based power systems. In the matrilineal Lao-Tai (Tai-Kadai language group) villages, inheritance customs follow the female lineage. The system of matrilineal kinship and inheritance and matrilocal post-marriage residence give women rights to land directly independent of their male relatives or husbands. In the patrilineal Akha (Sino-Tibet), Lue (Tai-Kaidai), Hmong (Hmong-Mien), and Khmou (Mon-Khmer) villages, inheritance customs follow the male lineage, and women only have rights to use to land through marriage. Only sons can inherit land from their father/parents and divorce can result in loss of access to household land for women" (para 3).
Feb. 3, 2023, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-LAW-1

"Matrimonial property is divided equally among spouses after divorce, unless the dissolution of the marriage was caused by a fault committed by one spouse, in which case this spouse only receives one third of the matrimonial property. The Land law is silent on land division and use among spouses after divorce" (8).
Feb. 3, 2023, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Accordingly, husband and wife have equal rights in all family matters, including the choice of the marital home (art. 13-14 of the Family law), and all parents, including those in informal relationships, have a shared duty to care for and educate their children, and to protect their children’s rights and interests in court, at school and in other settings (art. 33 of the Family law; art. 24 of the Law on children’s rights and interests). The Constitution further protects the right of married and unmarried women to choose their place of residence, through the freedom of movement and settlement (art. 40)" (3). "Access to land is regulated by the amended...more
Feb. 3, 2023, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Men tend to dominate family decision-making and income-generation in all ethnic groups, whereas women are generally responsible for housework and childcare (WVI, 2016)" (3).
Feb. 3, 2023, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"Inheritance of land and non-land assets is regulated by the amended Law on Inheritance (2005). Daughters and sons have the same right to inherit, as do male and female surviving spouses (art. 6 and 19). The law prohibits the disinheritance of a surviving spouse by granting widows and widowers the right to inherit all or part of the matrimonial property, depending on the line of heirs (e.g. if the surviving spouse has children, matrimonial property is divided into two equal parts: one for the surviving spouse, and one for the children). Surviving spouses are not entitled to inherit any personal property of the deceased spouse however, unless he/she leaves no...more
Feb. 3, 2023, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"Matrimonial property is divided equally among spouses after divorce, unless the dissolution of the marriage was caused by a fault committed by one spouse, in which case this spouse only receives one third of the matrimonial property. This rule is nuanced in the event that the divorced couple has minor children, in which case the court may award a bigger share to the parent to whom child custody is given (Family law art. 28). The Land law is silent on land division and use among spouses after divorce" (8).
Feb. 3, 2023, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The banking laws of Lao PDR (e.g. 1995 Law on the Bank of Lao PDR, 2007 Law on commercial banks, 2012 Decree on microfinance institutions) provide women with the same right as men to open bank accounts and access credit, regardless of their marital status. The microfinance sector is still nascent though and only a few commercial banks and microfinance institutions operate outside the urban centres... This limits the possibility for rural women to access finance" (8).
Feb. 3, 2023, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"Inheritance of land and non-land assets is regulated by the amended Law on Inheritance (2005). Daughters and sons have the same right to inherit, as do male and female surviving spouses (art. 6 and 19)" (4).
Dec. 8, 2022, 11:47 p.m.
Countries: Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Croatia, Czech Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Germany, Greece, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Luxembourg, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Suriname, Ukraine
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-5

1.0
Dec. 8, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, D R Congo, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Madagascar, Mali, Malta, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Senegal, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam
Variables: CONST-SCALE-1

0.0